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^r oe> . 'ZQ> 



nKK<!PsXil> COLLEGE 
LIBRARY 




FROM THE FUND OF 

CHARLES MINOT 

CLASS OP 1828 



RERUM BRITANNICARUM MEDIl MV\ 

SCRIPTORES, 



OB 



CHRONICLES AND MEMORIALS OF GREAT BRITAIN 

AND IRELAND 



DURING 



THE MIDDLE AGES. 



a 



THE CHBONIGLES AND MEMORIALS 

OF 

GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND 

DURING THE MIDDLE AGES. 

'.'UnLISIIEDBYTnK ArTnORITV OF TIER MAJESTY'S TUEAsUIiy, UNDTO Till- 

niKKCTloN OV THE MASTER OF Tin: llOLLS. 



On the 26th of January 1857, the Master of the Rolls 
submitted to the Treasury a proposal for the publication 
of materials for the History of this Country from the 
Invasion of the Romans to the Reign of Henry VIII. 

The Master of the Rolls suggested that these materials 
should be selected for publication under competent editors 
without reference to periodical or chronological arrange- 
ment, without mutilation or abridgment, preference being 
given, in the first instance, to such materials as were most 
scarce and valuable. 

He proposed that each chronicle or historical document 
to be edited should be treated in the same way as if the 
editor were engaged on an Editio Princeps ; and for this 
purpose the most correct text should be formed from an 
accurate collation of the best MSS. 

To render the work more generally useful, the Master 
of the Rolls suggested that the editor should give an 
account of the MSS. employed by him, of their age and 
their peculiarities ; that he should add to the work a brief 
account of the life and times of the author, and any 
remarks necessary to explain the chronology ; but no other 
note or comment was to be allowed, except what might be 
necessary to establish the correctness of the text. 

a 2 



The works to be published in octavo, separately, as 
they were finished ; the whole responsibility of the task 
resting upon the editors, who were to be chosen by the 
Master of the Rolls with'the sanction of the Treasury. 

The Lords of Her Majesty's Treasury, after a careful 
consideration of the subject, expressed their opinion in a 
Treasury Minute, dated February 9, 1857, that the plan 
recommended by the Master of the Rolls "was well 
calculated for the accomplishment of this important 
national object, in an effectual and satisfactory manner, 
within a reasonable time, and provided proper attention be 
paid to economy, in making the detailed arrangements, 
without unnecessary expense." 

They expressed their approbation of the proposal that 
each chronicle and historical document should be edited 
in such a manner as to represent with all possible correct- 
ness the text of each writer, derived from a collation of the 
best MSS., and that no notes should be added, except 
such as were illustrative of the various readings. They 
suggested, however, that the preface to each work should 
contain, in addition to the particulars proposed by the 
Master of the Rolls, a biographical account of the author, 
so far as authentic materials existed for that purpose, and 
an estimate of his historical credibility and value. 

Rolls House^ 

December 1857. 



DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE 



OF 



MATERIALS RELATING TO THE HISTORY OF 
GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND, 



to 



THE END OP THE REIGN OF HENRY Vll. 



VOL. L 



o 



DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE 



OF 



MiTERIAlS RELATING TO THE HISTORY OF 
GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND, 



TO 



THE END OF THE REIGN OF HENRY VII. 



BT 



THOMAS DUFFUS HARDY, 

DEFUTT KEEFES OF THE PUBLIC RECOSDS. 



PUBLISHED BT THE AUTHORITT OF THE LORDS COMMISSIONERS OF HER ^MAJESTY'S 
TREASURY, UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE MASTER OF THE ROLLS. 



VOL. I. 

FBOH THE EOHAH PESIOO TO THE HOBUAH IHTASIOI. 



PART I. 



LONDON: 
LONGMAN, GREEN, LONGMAN, AND ROBERTS. 



1862. 






• 



HAITYABD COLL^at J4BSAIY 



Printed by 

Br»B and Spottiswoodb, Her M^^osty's Printere, 

For Her Majesty's Stationeiy Office. 



PREFACE. 



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\ 



/ 






/ 



PREFACE. 



After many years of patient and conscientious la- 
bour, protracted at one time by the loss of a large 
portion of the manuscript, and repeatedly interrupted 
by failing health and other causes, I am at length 
enabled to present the first portion of my work to the 
public. Of its imperfections no one is more sensible than 
myself. More than once during its progress I have been 
tempted to abandon it, in despair of making it as complete 
and accurate as the subject seemed to require ; and, 
whenever it was resumed, it was resumed solely from 
the conviction that perseverance was a duty. It has 
demanded careful study and diligent research. The 
mere collection of materials employed many years ; the 
reduction of them into order and uniformity occupied 
many more ; afterwards, on more minute and particular 
examination, omissions and defects were discovered 
which could only be supplied by lengthened search 
among original authorities. Many of these defects it 
has been found impossible to remedy ; some of them 
arose almost of necessity from the comprehensive nature 
of the work. The materials, moreover, are scattered and 
dispersed over various countries and in distant libraries. 
To many of these it was not easy to obtain access ; to 
a great majority of them no satisfactory catalogues exist ; 
and even where catalogues or descriptions of theii* con- 
tents had been drawn up by previous inquirers, such 
descriptions had to be verified by fresh investigations. 
In nearly every instance it was necessary to modify, 
correct, or extend their labours, and reduce the whole 
to a uniform and systematic arrangement 



Vlll PREFACE. 

Besides, to make the work as complete as possible, 
I had decided to give — how wisely my readers must de- 
termine— not only some account of the writers to whom 
we are indebted for the materiab of our early English his- 
tory, but, so far as I could, a critical sunmiary of the value 
of these materials. That task had never been attempted 
before, and was attended with considerable difficulties ; for, 
to say nothing of the great number of the works being 
found only in manuscript, thus rendering the task of 
mastering their contents unusually irksome, I had to 
prosecute many researches, without a guide, in books, 
manuscripts, and libraries widely dispersed, and in some 
cases acceasible only under vexatious restrictions, which 
added much to my labour. Besides, the line I had adopted 
was comparatively new ; I could obtain but little assis- 
tance from the labours of my predecessors in this field 
of historical criticism, nor did I think it fair to adopt 
their conclusions without going over the same ground in 
every instance myself. 

Hence arose much of the delay that has occurred 
in the publication of this volume, and even that delay 
must have been greater but for the kind encouragement 
and valuable assistance of £riends, who, with unexpected 
generosity, have either contributed the result of their 
own inquiries into early English history or bibliography, 
or have readily lent me their aid in other directions. 

It is not too much to say that for the first time 
notices of all the known sources ^ printed and un- 
printed, of ^Ei ^lish history , are Kere presented to the 
reader in one contmuous sequenc e! If I have'too fre- 
quently stumBleTuitliecoi^^ my long jom'ney — 
and I am not so self- satisfied as to suppose that I 
have always kept a firm footing — I anticipate a ready 
pardon from those who have oflenest travelled the same 
road, who best know its dangers, and who have most 
frequently experienced its difficulties. No one who 
commits to the press an elaborate work, aboimding with 
numerals and references in every page, can expect to 



PREFACE. IX 

avoid error. I claim no infallibility. Yet, while on 
the one hand I am ready to admit the many imper- 
fections with which the work may be charged, I venture, 
on the other hand, to avow my belief that it will be 
found to constitute an addition to our historical lite- 
rature by no means unimportant, and to express my 
own gratification that I have been enabled to sketch 
the outlines and in some measure fill in the rough con- 
ception of the design, even though I may be precluded 
from completing it in all its details as perfectly as I 
could wish.* 

The present Catalogue differs from others that have 
preceded it in the following respects : — 

(1.) It is strictly confined to the materials for the 
history of this country, and omits all notice of British 
authors, unless their works throw light on British history. 

(2.) The materials, when historical, are arranged under 
the year in which the latest event is recorded in the 
chronicle or histoiy, and not imder the period in which 
its author, real or supposed, flourished. All biographies 
are enumerated under the year in which the person 
commemorated died, and not under the year in which the 
life was written. This aiTangement has two advantages: 
the materials for any given period may be seen at a 
glance ; and if the reader knows the time when an author 
wrote, and the number of years that had elapsed 
between the date of the events and the time the 
writer flourished, he will generally be enabled to 
form a fair estimate of the comparative value of the 
narrative itself 

(3.) A brief analysis of each work has been generally 
added. The original portions are distinguished from 



* Sabsequent investigatorR vill 
doubtless be able to correct and 
expand ^hat has been here at- 
tempted. Tnterleaved copies of 
tbese volumes will, therefbre, be 
deposited in the Public Libraries of 



Cambridge, Oxford, and Dublin, in 
the British Museum, and in the Pub- 
lic Library at Edinburgh, in order 
that anj nev materials that may be 
collected shall be available for a 
second edition. 



X PREFACE, 

those which are compilations, and the sources indicated 
from which such compilations have been derived. 

(4.) To enable the reader more easily to recognize any 
work to which reference is made, the title of every 
piece is given as it occurs in the catalogue of the collec- 
tion in which it is found. If, however, no catalogue be 
extant, the title is given as it occurs in the manuscript. 
The beginning and ending of every work are set down 
for the greater facility of identification. 

(5.) A biographical sketch of every author has been 
added where any historical materials existed for such 
biography. 

It was my original intention to have given a de- 
scription of every manuscript, of all lives and chronicles 
noticed in this volume, as will be seen in the first 
pages. The design, however, was found to be imprac- 
ticable, from the impossibility of obtaining access to 
many MS. collections, in England and on the Continent, 
and from the length to which the work would in such a 
case necessarily have extended. Other deviations from 
the original design have been found necessary ; and, as 
the work proceeded improvements that suggested them- 
selves have been introduced into the general arrangement 
and plan of the publication. 

§ 

I need scarcely observe that every one who has been 
employed in studying the early history of this country 
must have felt that some such work as the present would 
have considerably facilitated his inquiries by directing 
liim to original and valuable sources of information, and 
enabling him without loss of time to determine for him- 
self the exact credibility of the materials upon which he 
was engaged. "With respect to the manuscript sources of 
our history especially, a work of this nature is of 
essential service. If the inquirer is not familiar with 
this necessary branch of historical criticism, if he has not 
before him the means for pursuing it, he soon finds ^ 



PREFACE. xi 

the greatest difficulty in determining how far his 
materials are original or otherwise, valuable or worth- 
less, as independent authorities. When he has been 
able to satisfy himself on this point, another difficulty 
remains. If they are not original, he has yet to discover 
the sources from which they have been derived. His 
labour, from want of some such manual as this, is not 
unfrequently fruitless, and he discovers, after much re- 
search, that he has been expending his time and trouble 
on an author utterly worthless for aU purposes of original 
information. 

But even if he have acquired the skill to determine, 
at a glance, in this or that instance, whether a manu- 
script be original or not, he has still to ascertain what 
are the authorities for the particular period upon 
which he is. employed and where they are to be found. 
Throughout the entire range of Greek and Roman 
history there is generally one writer in each epoch so 
superior to all others as to have become the accepted 
standard by which the rest are to be tested, and to 
which they can be invariably referred. Such is not the 
case in mediaeval literature. Here, it is rare for any 
one chronicler to have gained a superiority so decided. 
As a consequence, all have to be consulted ; their state- 
ments must be brought together, examined, compared, 
and reduced, as near as is possible, into harmony and con- 
sistency. But this is no easy task. Each great monastic 
house had its own chronicler ; a host of compilations, each 
differing in some respects from the others, thus started 
into existence ; and so numerous, so bulky, so widely dis- 
persed are the manuscript volumes from which the his- 
torical student haiS to collect his materials, that the labour 
of comparing historian with historian, and statement with 
statement, is always irksome, often highly embarrassing. 

Some idea may readily be formed of the extent of 
the field over which the inquirer has to conduct his in- 
vestigations, when he has learned to consider how great 
is the variety of existing materials that relate to the 



xu 



PREFACE. 



history of Great Britain from the invasion by the Romans 
to the end of the reign of Henry the Seventh ; — the 
period, namely, over which this portion of the Catalogue 
extends. The materials for our history during the first five 
centuries (which may properly be called the British period) 
must be sought for, and are to be found only, in notices 
and incidental allusions in the works of the classical 
and Byzantine wi-iters, in coins and monumental in- 
scriptions, in the record of oral traditions,^ in the writings 
of Gildas and Nennius, and in the Lives of the Saints. In 
the Anglo-Saxon period, history becomes more important, 
though it does not appear to have become a favourite 
study ; at least to judge from the few re gular histor ical 
productions that have reached us : Beda^Athdweard, 
Asser, an? the Saxon Chronicle are all that remain. But 
iF^bhe'tige'was'Hefidenf^^ production oflofSaal his- 
tories, it was fruitful in biography. Libraries abound with 
memoii*s or lives of eminent scholars and ecclesiastics of 
the period, many of them written by the contemporaries 
of the persons celebrated, and valuable as containing facts 
and incidents recorded on personal knowledge, or anecdotes 
obtained upon oral testimony. Among the Anglo-Nor- 
mans, history became a prominent and influential branch 
of literature ; and the result is a vast number of works on 
the subject. Before the close of the twelfth century we 
have the chronicles or histories by Turgot, Florence of 
Worcester, Eadmer, Alfred of Beverly, Simeon of Dm*ham, 
William of Malmesbuiy, Ordericus Vitalis, Geoffrey of 
Monmouth, Henry of Huntingdon, Caradoc of Llancarvan, 
Richard of Hexham, Ailred of Rievaux, and others. The 



* Under traditions may be men-, 
tioned the Triadfi of Dyvnwall 
Moelmud, who is supposed by Welsh 
antiquaries to have lived several 
centuries before the Christian era. 
These Triads are said to contain 
curious and valuable fragments of 
Celtic history preserved in the 
AVelsh language. Mr. Aneurin 
Owen, no mean authority, thinks 



their antiquity is very dubious. 
Br. Lappenberg will not allow them 
the slightest claim to be considered 
genuine, as they have reached us only 
in a very modem manuscript, and 
exhibit not only traces of Roman 
and Saxon influence, but also of 
numerous interpolations subsequent 
to the introduction of Christianit}'. 



PREFACE. xiii 

chronicles and histories both of this and the subsequent 
period are of a general as well as a particular character. 
They vary in degree of importance ; but none are so barren 
of interest as to warrant their being entirely disr^arded. 
Many are wholly original ; others are mere transcripts ; 
and some occupy a middle place, being original matter 
eked out by interpolations of a local or personal cha- 
racter. 

In addition to these chronicles, histories, and biogra- 
phies, there remain to be consulted the letters of emi- 
nent men, the proceedings of Parliament, and of eccle* 
siastical councils and synods, laws, public muniments, 
treaties, instructions to ambassadors, state-papers, and 
historical and political poems. 

§ 

It is not merely the bulk of the material which 
occasions embarrassment, as I have noticed already : the 
real difficulty is to be sought in the different purpose by 
which the mediseval historian was guided as compared 
with the ancient. 

Unlike ancient history, mediaeval history is either 
special or locaL No mediseval historian, not even Beda 
himself, can be accepted as representing the general, 
much less the political, condition of the people for whom 
he wrote. Taking his departure as widely as possible from 
established models, in fact ignoring the very existence of 
all previous history, the mediaeval historian limited his 
views and his labours, either to the life of some eminent 
Saint and Martyr, or, at a later period, to recording the 
fortunes of the house to which he belonged, the death of 
its Abbots, or the munificence of its founders and bene- 
factors. The Chronicle in its earliest form was little 
more than a barren register of dates. The wants of the 
historian were supplied by a few sheets of parchment 
stitched together, with blank spaces, in which successive 
annalists might enter from time to time a brief record of 
VOL. I. b 



XIV 



PREFACE. 



events which fell especially beneath their notice^ or imme- 
diately affected the wel&re of the brotherhood. These 
materials grew voluminous in process of time, and the 
design of making them complete induced subsequent com^ 
pilers to insert memorials of past events, generally derived 
from Soman history, the names of Consuls, the deaths 
and accessions of Emperors and Popes ; as their number 
increased, and with it the desire to render the Chronicles 
of their house as full as possible, compilations from 
various sources of very different degrees of merit and 
authenticity, from the merest hearsay or impossible 
legend to the minutest and most veracious local informa- 
tion, were brought together into the same volume. 

Those who have had to study these mediaeval chronicles 
need not be told that as a consequence of such inar- 
tificial methods of compiling history, precisely the same 
information in the ipsisaima verba of the original writer 
is continually introduced into succeeding works, and 
thence again transferred to others bearing different 
names and devoted to the fortunes of different monas- 
tic houses. They are aware that compilers are far 
more numerous than original writers; that long pas- 
sages, sometimes even a whole work, is reproduced 
with scarcely any alteration, or at least with the addi- 
tion of a few facts, easUy distinguishable from the body 
of the work,* though the sources whence they have 
been derived cannot be traced. They are aware that a 
monastic chronicle is seldom the production of a single 



' Sometimes the repetition is so 
marked that it cannot fkil to he 
detected hy any ordinary reader. 
A very considerahle portion of the 
Chronicle of Uenry of Iliintington, 
fbr instance, is repeated verbatim in 
the history by Roger Hoveden. As- 
serts " Res gestse Alfredi *' are found 
in the chronicle of Florence of Wor- 
cester ; and the " Historia Major,*' 



from the commencement to the year 
1 2d5,by MatthewPariSyis nothing but 
Roger Wendover's Chronicle with 
some few interpolations. In all these 
instances the copyist retains dates 
and expressions which, however ac- 
curately they might be employed by 
the original writer, are absurd when 
transferred to himself. 



PBEFACE. 



XV 



handy that it increased in bulk &om time to time — each 
age contributing new information, and each house in 
which it was copied supplying additional and important 
materials — until the tributary streams become more 
copious than the original current. ^ 

The practice, common among monastic annalists, of 
adopting without alteration, and often without notice, 
the works of their predecessors (especially those of 
their own house or any of its dependencies), has com- 
plicated all the questions which have reference to the 
authorship, the dates, the credibility, or the general value 
of their works. Numerous disputes have thus sprung 
up with reference to the authenticity of manuscripts 
and the suspected plagiarisms of their authors ; and, 
what is equally to be deprecated, it has loaded the 
pages of modem historians with a parade of authorities, 
and misled the judgment of many writers in their 
appreciation of historical evidence.^ In consequence of 



* Snppofie, for example, that a 
chronicle in its rudest outline had 
heen composed at St. Alban*s, and 
afterwards adopted at Bury, then 
found its way to Tjnemouth, and 
suhieqnently became the text book 
of Eve&ham. At every one of these 
places it would receiye fresh acces- 
sions, sometimes in the form of 
interpolation, at others of addition, 
contributed by contemporaneous 
writers who conveyed information 
of greater credit and value than 
is due to the work in its original 
state. To such a manuscript as the 
** Gestes '* of Brutu6,wouldbe tacked 
historical data of unquestionable au- 
thenticity, and memorials by contem- 
poraries, and thus would be verified 
in relation to the medieval historians 
what Plutarch has said of history in 
general — that as ' in geographical 
maps, some parts are from ocular 



view or laid down on the scientific 
report of others, some are mixed up 
with hearsay and fable, supplied by 
the extravagance of the imagination, 
or the fictions of the mythologist. 

* Hume, for instance, was so little 
acquainted with the relative value of 
the monkish annalists, that he fre- 
quently adduces, without discrimina- 
tion, secondary and inferior evidence, 
instead of primary, in support of 
facts he narrates. Thus he supports 
the authority of Beda, a writer of 
the eighth century, by a reference to 
Matthew of Westminster or Henry 
of Huntingdon, who copied him 
often without acknowledgment 
Higden and Matthew of Westmin- 
ster, writers of the 13th or 14th 
century, are placed in the same 
rank with the Saxon Chronicle as 
vouchers for the events of the 
reign of Edward the Confessor. 

b 2 



XVI PREFACE. 

this practice, a careless examination of a manuscript 
chronicle, or an imperfect collation of its contents with 
a similai* work already printed, has occasioned its being 
attributed to a wrong author. In more instances than 
one, the same work appears under different titles, from 
the fact that an interpolation or addition had exclusively 
attracted the attention of the reader. Many manuscripts, 
moreover, have suffered mutilation from ignorance, or 
cupidity excited by an illuminated initial letter or a florid 
tail-piece, and as the author's name has thus disap- 
peared, the work has been attributed by unskilful 
readers to one or other of those authors whose narra- 
tive they have found intercalated. 

Another and no less pregnant source of confusion is 
to be found in the practice of the early editors of mo- 
nastic annals omitting those passages of their authors 
which refer exclusively to foreign countries. Such an 
instance is to be found in Marianus Scotus^ a popular 
compiler of a general chronology, interspersed with his- 
torical notices, from the creation of the world. This 
work at one time is seen in its original form, at 
another it appears as the basis of an English chronicle. 
Incorporations followed incorporations, and supplement 
was added to supplement ; the augmented chronicle 
travelled from place to place, and became the founda- 
tion upon which the entire history of one great period 
was built, until the tesselated fabric, piled up with 
continual additions, loses all trace of its original design, 
and it becomes impossible to assign to each author his 
respective share in the work. We have a similar in- 
stance of confusion nearer home, in the historical school 
of St. Alban's. Roger Wendover, Matthew Paris, Ris- 
hanger, Trokelowe, Blandford, Walsingham and his con- 
tinuators, have been alternately credited with works 
they never composed, or abused for plagiarisms and 
deception of which they were entirely innocent. Histo- 
riogi'aphers, employed by their abbots to carry on the 



PHEFACfi. Xvil 

great series of chronicles and annals attached to their 
house, have been unjustly treated by modem critics as 
individual writers labouring for literaiy fame on their 
own responsibility and following their own judgment. 
With what degree of originality or merit each of them 
accomplished his task has yet to be decided, since no 
testimony has been preserved of the sources whence the 
additions and interpolations came, of the time when they 
were made, or of the authority on which they rest.* 

But, on this branch of information for the history 
of Christian Europe during fifteen centuries, it is 
hardly needful for me to insist. Although • the same 
critical skill which has produced so entire a revolution 
in the treatment of ancient history has not yet been 
applied to mediseval, — and we need above all things a 
careful examination into the true sources of English 
history during this period, — the value and interest of 
our English chronicles are admitted. No one doubts that 
from them and from a more careM study of their pages 
we must in the main derive our knowledge of all that 
took place in this kingdom previous to the Beformation. 

There is,. however, another great branch of historical 
information, on which I must briefly touch. 
^ It will be seen that a considerable portion of this 
volume is necessarily occupied with an analysis of the 
lives of Saints, and their miracles. If possible, this 
source of modem history is beset with more difficulty 
and is more perplexing to the critic than all the con- 
fusions and interpolations which arrest his progress 
in dealing with the Chronicles. The fact that these 
narratives are in many instances of more than dubious 



^ Prior to the dispersion or de- ; the handwriting, the size, and the 
struction of the monastic libraries • original bindings that remain of 



it would hare been less difficult to 
decide upon this point E?en now, 
howerer, much might be done to- 
wards its elucidation by comparing 



the various manuscripts. There is 
generaUj something characteristic 
to be detected about the books that 
belonged to each monastery* 



« • • 



xvm PREFACE. 

authority^ and in most, filled with incredible stories^ 
may seem to some a reason for their rigorous exclu- 
sion from a catalogue like this. To any objection of 
this nature, I reply, that, for the prevailing character of 
these legends I am not responsible ; that I felt myself 
bound to register the &et ef the existence of these mate- 
rials, leaving others to determine on their relative degree 
of authenticity, and to separate the few grains of precious 
ore &om the dross. Mine is not the office of a critic, 
but of a compiler, to whom no option is left of interposing 
his own judgment or consulting his own liking bs to 
what he shall admit or reject. Had it been so, what 
should have been the test of admission ? Who shall draw 
the line or decide upon such conflicting claims ? To the 
Welsh or Irish antiquarian, the lives of St. Cadoc or 
Si Patrick are as important as that of St. Dunstan or 
St. Anselm to the Englishman. If any were excluded, all 
must have been excluded. What was to be the nature 
of the claims for admission, and on what grounds were 
the rest to be ignored? After careful consideration I 
thought it advisable to catalogue every life that is to 
be found in the respective calendars of the Welsh, Irish, 
Scotch, and English Saints, provided any manuscript 
of such lives was known to exist. Some may have 
escaped my notice ; purposely I have excluded none. 

This plan may have its defects ; but it has one merit 
which transcendently compensates them. In these lives 
or acts lies the chief, oftentimes the sole, authority for all 
the knowledge we possess, or are ever likely to possess, 
of an age and a class of men that form an important 
link in the chain that connects us with past times ; it is 
a mine, not always the richest, but often the only one, 
to which the historian of a long interval in the history, 
of this people must look for material. When he has 
exhausted it, he has exhausted alL Wholly, therefore^ 
to reject the entire series, because of the fable and error 
which encumber it, would be as imreasonable as to credit 



PB£FAC£. XIX 

the whole without distinction for the modicum of truth 
it undoubtedly contains; this, like all other historical 
evidence, requires to be subjected to an honest and 
cai*eful criticism. 

But in their relation to general history, these eccle- 
siastical lives cannot well be overlooked, whether they be 
regarded as an exponent of the mind of the writer or of 
the age in which he was Hving. They would be curious 
if they only showed how the reasoning faculties of 
man then moved in fetters ; how things seen externally 
were interpreted by the light from within, and were 
modified or intensified, accepted or rejected, according 
to its decision. They would be important were it only 
to show how man, in the middle ages, never made the 
attempt to blend into harmony the seen and the unseen ; 
how ready he was to attribute the action of the outer 
world to a spiritual agency, whose efficacy he recog- 
nized in himself and in his own power of rising above 
nature. These miracles were the growth of a super- 
stitious age, I admit; but it does not follow that the 
age was truthless because it was superstitious; nor is 
it in conformity with all our knowledge of its poverty 
of invention to assert that these narratives were studi- 
ously invented to impose upon the unwary. We look 
for imtural causes to explain aU effects, however mar- 
vellous. They looked for the supernatural to explain 
even the most simple, and felt it impious to do other- 
wise. It is, moreover, hard to tell how far these 
legends are to be regarded as a poetical or allego- 
rical version of actual experience; the external and 
material presentment, in a rude age, of a spiritual 
reality. Many of them relate the internal struggles 
of the mind with its spiritual foes. Many, though cast 
in the form of a biography, record, like the ancient 
mythology, the struggles and triumphs of races or the 
varied fortunes of Christianity. Many, perhaps, are no 
more than symbols of the conflict between the new 



tX PREFACE. 

and the old faith; some, Christian versions of pagan 
creeds. Where they are purely personal, something 
must be allowed to the imagination of the saint him- 
self, something to that of his monastic biographer. The 
saint engages in a conflict with the powers of darkness 
and relates his experiences for the warning or the 
encouragement of liis brethren. In recounting the issue 
of these conflicts, the legendary hero of the church, 
like other heroes, invested the incidents in which he 
had been so deeply concerned with a poetic colouring ; 
sin and holiness start up before him as awful per- 
sonalities, he feels them to be individual realities ; 
succeeding biographers reduced the narrative to consis- 
tency, or adapted it to their own age. So lives of 
Saints come down to us, like all mediaeval works, the 
result of many hands— the complex and intricate growth 
of different times, and wrought together for different 
purposes. 

But it is not my intention so much to enter upon 
a defence of the general importance of such narra- 
tives, as to show their direct and obvious bearing 
upon early history. In this respect they are of much 
greater value than thek defenders or their oppugners 
have hitherto deemed it worth while to consider. To 
these lives we are indebted for preserving minute 
notices on many subjects affecting the social condi- 
tion of the people, in early times, when other mate- 
rials fail us. The intercession and intervention of 
saints were called in for the cure of diseases, of the 
very existence of which we should otherwise have 
been ignorant; and in the cures wrought, indications 
are given of the state of medicine and surgery, of 
the prevalence of plagues and famines, and of the . 
methods adopted to remove them. Learning, books, 
arts, architecture, agriculture, ship-building ; the forms 
and decorations of monasteries and churches ; the edu- 
cation, discipline, and amusements of children; pecu- 



PREFACE, XXI 

liarities in manners and local customs, thus receive 
incidental illustration, for which professed chronicles 
and histories would be searched in vain. It seems to me 
that this mine of information has scarcely been touched. 
In the general contempt for this species of reading 
among Protestants, its real value has been overlooked ; 
whilst Roman Catholic scholars and editors of the last 
century, in their desire to get rid of what they con- 
sidered a weak side, too oflen suppressed or curtailed 
these legends, or endeavoured to give them a more 
rationalistic turn in conformity with the uncritical 
spirit of that age. 

A few references to the kind of information to be 
derived from these legends will more clearly explain 
my meaning. Thus, on those subjects .which liave 
of late attracted more than usual attention — church 
ai'chitecture and decoration — the reader will find a 
variety of particulars worthy his notice. The fact of 
St. Hugh, bishop of Lincoln, canying a hod, and la- 
bouring with his own hands in building his church 
has been preserved to us solely' because of its con- 
nexion with the cure of a cripple that was looked 
upon as a miracle. A round church is built by St. Wil- 
frid, at Hexham, with a portico facing the four points 
of the compass. The materials of which churches were 
built are oflen noticed; wood and wicker, and then 
stone; at a later period we find the introduction of 
a leaden roof; altars of stone, covered with purple, 
silk, or cloth of gold. English jet, green, purple, or 
black, is employed for the decoration of super-altars. 
Ornamentation of walls with parchment representing 
the miracles of favourite saints ; glass windows and 
paintings ; silver shrines or gilt plates sculptured with 
miracles ; organs and bells ; copies of the gospels written 
in letters of gold by a lady ; and early forms of the ritual, 
come in for their share of attention. Not less noticeable 
are the vows of the sick, sometimes consisting of a wax 



PREFACK. 



taper as large as the sick man, or a waxen image of the 
patient himself, or the part affected. Sometimes, on 
his recovery, a small representation in wax, gold, or 
silver, is hung up in the church by the invalid, in 
gratitude for his restoration to health. A woman who 
had the gout in her hands sends waxen models of them 
to Mellitus, and obtains a cure.^ On one occasion we 
find a priest, in memory of his cure, offering a waxen 
image of a priest in alb and chaisuble. In another 
instance a lady cuts off her beautiful tresses and sus- 
pends them at the shrine of St. Thomas. In another, 
an afflicted father of a still-bom child prays that life 
may be given it, were it only so long that it may receive 
baptism, and vows a waxen image of it to be placed at 
the tomb of. the saint. A girl, drawing liquor from a 
cask to sell to her master's customers, pushes the tap 
incautiously into her eye. On her recovery she offers 
a waxen eye as an act of gratitude. Another girl is 
afflicted with contortion of the hand, so that she cannot 
dose her fingers, and makes a hand of wax of the same 
size and places it» on the tomb of St. Angilbert. Another 
is seized by an evil spirit while she is weaving, and her 
hands become contracted and useless. She is taken to 
church by her farther, and three pennies placed on the 
afflicted part are presented at the altar.^ 



> Mellitus himself U said by 
Beda to hare been afflicted with the 
gout. '*Erat autem Mellitus cor- 
** pons quidem infirmitate, id est, 
*' podagra, gravatus.*' (Lib. ii. c. 
viL p. 115. Ed, Stevenson). 

' There is a curious list of these 
votive offerings at the various altars 
in the cathedral of York. It shows 
that gold and silver, wax and ivory, 
were employed on these occasions. 
Among the articles are '* Quinque 
" ymagines argenti deaurati, duo 
'* corda argentea deaorata, una 



tt 



I «» 



mamilla argenti deaurata, una 
manus argenti deaurata, cum uno 
Bceptro I magnum cor hominis, 
cum cathena deaurata, aliud cor 
minus, et decern naves argenti, 
cum una anchora argent; iiv. 
teeth, and iv. heart argenti ; vii. 
legs and foots argenti ; viii. eyn 
and ii. hands argent ; ii heart of 
gold ynameled with white and 

" green 5 a horse of silver, &c." 
Freedom was often given to 

bondsmen over the corpse of their 

dead lord. 



(t 



t( 



c< 



t« 



ii 



ti 



i( 



PBEFACE. XXUl 

Sometimes these vows assume another form. A piece 
of money is bent over the patient and carried by him 
as an offering to the church on his recovery.^ Brother 
John, an officer of the church at Durham, meets with 
a serious accident by falling from his horse^ and when 
all hope of his safety had been abandoned, vows a 
penny to St. Cuthbert, to be paid at his shrine at the 
island of Fame ; and taking one from his purse, bent 
it that he might know it again. Other instances will be 
found in the notes.^ 

I turn to other notices in illustration of burial, and 
the ceremonies and superstitions connected with it in 
those early ages. The subject is of more than ordinary 
interest^ not only in its ecclesiastical bearings, but as 
illustrating the social notions of our fore£Etthers. Fore- 
most among these is the place of sepulture, determined 
partly by a sense of Christian humiliation in the dying 
penitent, partly suggested by secular considerations, 
perhaps scarcely less important to the welfare of the 
survivors. 

The highest distinction claimed by the piety of the 
middle ages was to repose under the shadow of the 
Mass, and find a final resting-place near the altar. Tet 
there are examples of bishops, to whom such a distinc- 
tion was generally conceded, declining this honour. 



' This iB no doubt the origin of 
a popular superstition, which attri- 
butes good luck to a bent fdzpence, 
or any other small silTer coin. 



" omnia revelavit."— (Vita et Mirac. 
S. Godrici.) 

In the life of Richard, Bishop of 
Chichester: "Fuit in Cicestrensi 



> « Eorte S. Godrici memoria ani- '* dicscesi, quidam Simon nomine et 
** mo languentis occurrit, et mox i ** uxor illi nomine Catherina, Deum 






denario cunrato, se illius sepul- I '* timentes. Prsedictaigiturmulier, 
chmm invisuram deYOTit(matrona) I <Mn unamamillamm suarum graviter 



si ipsius meritis mortem jam ei 
*> imminentem possit evadere, &c., 
*' mox antequam domi rediret ad 
** ejus sepulchmm adrenit, et dena- 
** rium curvatum offereris, nobis hsec 



'* ceepit infirmari. Vocato itaque 
" viro suo, ambo pariter B. Bacardi 
'^ (CicestrenBi8)auxiliuminTocante8, 
** facto Toto, denarium ad ejus tnm- 
^^ bun offercndttm complicant." 



XX.IV PREFACE. 

and expresaiiig a wish to be laid under the turf of the 
churchyard* ** When the Lord shall take my soul," 
says St. Cuthbert, " bury me in this manse (motwiow^) 
'^ near my oratory looking to the south, opposite the 
** eastern arm of the cross which I have erected there. 
" There is, on the north side of the oratory, a sarco- 
'' phagus hidden beneath the turf of the earth. Here 
** buiy my body, wrapping it up in the linen you 
*' will find there." ^ An abbot who was distinguished 
for his humility, considered himself unworthy to be 
buried within the church, and ordered his tomb to be 
prepared in the entrance of the gate of the church, that 
all might trample on it. 

With this subject is connected the dislike still felt in 
many rural popiUations in England of being buried on 
the north side of the church, and the absence of grave 
mounds from this part of the churchyard^ however 
crowded in other directions. We have notices also of 
the practice of erecting crosses in the churchyard, of 
burying the corpse in linen, or heaping the grave with 
turf. Bishops, kings, and distinguished persons were 
interred in the body of the church in coffins of stone, 
persons of lower rank in coffins of wood' fastened with 
iron. In some instances, when no stone could be found 
suitable to the purpose, search was made for marble 
or other costly substances ; and we may reasonably 
conclude that not unusually the Boman sarcophagi or 
other materials of precious workmanship, still remaining 
in the island, were employed for this purpose. So 
Sexburga, the abbess of Ely, finds a marble tomb of 



' " Com autem Dominns susce- I '* sarcopbagnm, terras cespite abdi- 

'* perit animaxD meum, sepelite me in I '' turn, quod olim mihi Cudda yene- 

hac mansioiie juxta oratorium | '* rabilis abbas donavit In hoc 

meum ad meridiem, contra orien- | " meiun corpus reponite, inyolyentes 



it 



" talem plagam sanctcs crnds qaam 
*' ibidem erexi. Est autem ad aqui- 
** lonalem ejasdem oratorii partem 



** in sidone quam inyenietis istic.*' 
—(Vita S. Cnthberti.) 



PREFACE. 



XXV 



exquisite art under the walls of Qrantchester.^ But 
the most curious instance of this kind is to be found 
in the translation of St. Cuthbert, whose body was 
enclosed within three coffins. 

The outer case was covered with hides and nailed, 
the inner case being covered with coarse cloth ; in 
stripping off the cloth the lid was removed, and a 
copy of the Gospels found on a ledge (tabula). Be- 
neath this ledge, covered with a linen cloth, lay the 
body of the Saint entire, and with the limbs flexible, as 
though only sleeping. On lifting out the body they 
found in the coffin, '^pectinem ebumeum, et forcipes 
SU8B adhuc novitatis decorem retinentes, et qusa 
sacerdotem decebant, altare videlicet argenteum, et 
corporalia, et cum patena calioem quidem parvum, sed 
materia et opere pretiosum, cujus inferior pars figuram 
" leonis ex auro purissimo gestat dorso lapidem oni- 
" chenam, arte pulcherrima cavatum, qui ex studio 
artificis ita inhseret leoni ut manu facile possit in 
gyrnm verti, nee tamen auferri.'' 
In another legend of the same saint occurs a remai*k- 
able description of those grotesque carvings which adorn 
the stone and wood work of so many foreign cathedrals ; 
as of a monk turned into a fox for stealing new cheese.'^ 
The ceremonies used over the dying and the dead, the 
early forms of the liturgy, the practice of acting miracle 
plays in the churchyards, are no less deserving of 
attention. 



It 



it 



(C 



<( 



ti 



* *'Venerunt ad ciyitatalain 
•< quandam deeolatam, non procul 
" inde sitam, qiue lingua Anglorom 
<' Grantacaeater Tocatnr ; et mox in- 
<* Tenerimt, juxta muroB civitatis, 
** locellam de marmore albo pal- 
" cberrime fkctnm, opercnlo qaoque 
** nmiliB lapidifl aptiflsime tectum/* 
(Beda, iy. c. 19.) 

- This is a curious legend, from the 
infbirmationitfiirniBhefl on a variety 



of topics. We learn from it that 
the church door of Norham had an 
ancient lock in the seventh century 
of brass and iron ; that prior Roger 
wished to pave Durham cathedral 
with marble; and that marble was 
brought Arom Borne. A seaman 
is ducked three times for delin- 
quency, and a man pimished for 
catching a sparrow. 



XXvi PBBFACE. 

My readers are doubtless aware that the study of 
medicine was almost exclusively confined to the eccle- 
siastics, imtil it was forbidden by Innocent 11.^ in the 
twelfth century ; and hence, as might be expected, many 
curious particulars as to the state of that science will be 
found in these legends. I must enter a little more 
in detail on this subject, as no other sources of equal 
importance exist for the illustration of medical science 
in those remote periods. Among the diseases men- 
tioned are gout, fever, and another species of it called 
hies ard&ns, the plague, and in Wales the yellow plague, 
the king's evil, and the touch for it, the leprosy ; 
two diseases not easy to identify are called bonum 
mcdagnum, a violent species of imposthume, and 
Tnorbus Hercrdeua, some form of insane paroxysm or 
epilepsy. 

Robert de Cricklade, prior of St. Frideswide's, Oxford, 
gi^es the following account of one of those diseases, and 
the methods of cure adopted to remove it : — " About 
twelve years ago or more, while in Sicily, I wished 
to pass from Catania to Syracuse, and accordingly 
travelled by the shore of the Adriatic, for thus the 
road led me. The sea breezes and the heat from the 
sea on my left hand caused a swelling on my foot and 
leg, attended with a most severe inflammation, which, 
however, was diminished during my stay at Syracuse 
by the application of plasters and fomentation, and was 
perfectly cured by medical assistance when I had returned 
to Rome ; nor did I feel any ill eflfects from it during 
my journey back to England. A short time after my ar- 
rival in England the swelling returned, but not so pain- 
fully as at first, and I frequently got rid of it by various 
medicines ; but in the third, or, as I tliink, the fourth 
year, the disease oMacked me so severely that I could ob- 
tain no relief by medicine or bleeding, even when many 
leeches had been applied, or by plasters, fomentation, or 
ovatments. The swelling, indeed, was so great that the 



PBEFACE. xxvii 

tamour over the foot was thought to be larger than the 
foot itself, and the leg, nearly tip to the knee, was in the 
same state. Imposthumes spread over it on all sides, 
so that I could scarcely touch them without great pain, 
and the swelling was not confined to one, but extended 
to many places ; as soon as one of these burst and dis- 
charged, my hope of safety seemed to be very small, 
and to depend on the drying up of these imposthumes. 
These troubles continuing, I found no rest, and after 
various aggravations of the complaint, at length two 
of the swellings under my foot burst, so that I could 
not place my foot in my slipper, or take it out, with- 
out great pain. 1 then perceived that the disease was 
chronic, and not to be cured by human skill, for the 
physicians say that chronic diseases are faial. The 
people of our town are witnesses of these facts ; for as 
on holy days it had been my custom to speak to 
them, exhorting them, as far as I could, to follow the 
way of righteousness, in the presence of many of the 
clergy assembled from different parts of England. I 
was obliged to plead my illness as an excuse for re- 
maining seated when I addressed them. In the last 
Lent I was much grieved at being unable to assist at 
the celebration of divine service, according to custom, 
and chiefly at the mystery of the Passion, the anniver- 
sary of which was approaching. Fearing that I should 
not be able to perform my duty, I prayed to God to 
turn His face from my sins and permit me to minis- 
ter, during these days at least ; and this was granted 
to my unworthiness, so that, to the wonder both of 
myself and of the brethren who knew my disease, I was 
able to accomplish my wishes from the Thursday before 
Easter to the Wednesday in Easter week ; after which 
time the pain returned. The idea of visiting the 
sepulchre of the blessed martyr and bishop, Saint 
Thomas, then entered my mind. On arriving at 
Canterbury the pain and swelling was much increased 
by the journey. I lay before the tomb and prayed the 



XXVUl 



PREFACE. 



Lord to deliver me from my infirmity, for the merits 
of the martyr, and I prayed the martyr to intercede 
with the Lord for me, not knowing that I had been 
heard. I retm*ned to the inn anxious and groaning, 
for I could not go to my own house on account 
of the pain. I ttien determined to wash my foot 
in holy water, and, putting it in the basin, made 
the sign of the cross over my foot and leg in the 
name of the Holy Trinity and to the memory of 
the blessed martyr. In a short time I found the pain 
and swelling decrease, and finally disappear." 

Of the i^adicines in use we have, unfortunately, no 
desciiption, or very scanty ; yet, it is worth observing 
that even in these rude times, anaesthetics were employed 
in surgical operations, as chloroform is now. Indeed, 
the description of the use of these anaesthetics is so 
conformable to modem practice, that I do not scruple 
to re-insert it here.i " It is nevertheless well known to 
us that many persons fall asleep after taking a draught 
of oblivion, which physicians call letargion, and are 
not sensible of incisions in their limbs, or sometimes of 
burning and cutting in the vital parts, inflicted on them 
in this state, and on waking from sleep are not aware 
of what has been done to them.'' But among the most 
curious of the notices touching surgery is the descrip- 
tion of an operation for the stone, in the Miracles of 
St. Frideswide. The symptoms of the disease and the 
hazardous nature of the operation are described with 
an accuracy and vividness which will astonish those 
who are accustomed to regard these ages as totally 
deficient in medical and surgical knowledge. 

''A citizen named Kephem, uterine brother of a 
canon of our house, respected for his birth, but still more 



^ *^ Constat nihilominus nobis 
*' multoB, sumpto potu oblivionis 
" quern physici * letargion * Tocant, 
" obdonnire ; et in membris ind- 
** 6ionem,etaliqaotienBadii8tionem, 



*^ et in yitalibuB abrasionem perpes- 
" SOS, minime sensisse : et post 
" Bomni excnssionem, qus erga 
" sese actitata fuerunt ignoresse.** 



PBEFACK XXIX 

for his faith, had a son about five years old, named 
Laurence, who had been from his cradle tormented 
with a disease of the bladder, of so serious a character 
that he often voided blood, with excessive pain, instead 
of urine. His limbs were fearfully emaciated, and his 
conntenance so pallid that he seemed to have no life in 
hinL He could not even breathe without pain and the 
greatest difficulty. He had, as the doctors affirmed, a 
stone in the bladder, and could not be cured by any 
medical process except incision. The father, aban- 
doned by all the physicians, despaired of the child's re- 
covery on account of the weakness of his tender age 
and the violence of the disease ; with fatherly love he 
lamented over his son's miserable lot, and desired death 
to reUeve him from such torment. He had spent large 
sums of money in vain. At last, having met with a 
surge4>n of great skill, as he believed^ he gave him many 
gifts and promised him more if he would cure the 
child of his fearful disease. The surgeon, tempted by 
worldly lucre, with great indiscretion and rashness 
readily undertook the cure, and being thoroughly blinded 
by the detestable lust of gain, he seemed altogether to 
lose his reason, and received the whole amount promised 
for the cure. The parents going away on account of 
their horror of blood, "he took the boy alone into a 
house, according to custom, tied him down on a table, 
and, whUe so tied, made an incision, and in extract- 
ing the stone in an unscientific and clumsy manner 
killed the boy. Such a flow of blood issued during the 
operation that he could not stop it by any artifice, 
until the life of the child had passed away/' 

I subjoin a few more notices. One of incision for 
rupture. James, son of Roger, earl of Clare, forty days 
old, by extremity of ciying, contracted a rupture so 
desperate, that all the physicians declared it incurable 
without an incision^ which the parents would not 
allow, as too dangerous, considering the great tender- 
ness of his age and constitution. Tooth-ache was then^ 
VOL. I. c 



XXX 



PREFACE, 



as now, insuperable to human science, and then, as 
now, gave rise to abundance of quackery and charms.^ 
When these failed, the offending member was forced out 
by a piece of wood pointed like a hedge stake.* 

I give an instance, in conclusion, as illustrating the 
use of phlebotomy. *' There was a certain noble matron 
named Agnes, a pattern of morality and virtue, who 
was in the habit at stated intervals of lessening her 
blood by bleeding,^ a practice which many teach is most 
necessary for persons of small stature. Being suddenly 
plagued by an unfortunate accident, the whole of her 
blood became vehemently tainted, and the disorder, 
descending to the lower parts of the body, produced 
severe pain in the bowels, with frequent dizziness, and 
finally ascended to the heart, which lies by nature on 
the left side. For many days she remained senseless 
and almost lifeless. Her life was despaired of, and she 
WBs so tormented with pain that she prayed for a 
speedy death in preference to so painful a life. At 
length three of her friends resolved to draw lots to 
which of the three principal English saints, viz., St. 
Cuthbert, St. Edmund, or St. Thomas the Martyr, appli- 
cation should be made, vowing to carry her to that 
saint whose lot should come out three times. When 
the three lots were covered with a cloth, the woman, 
strange to say, drew forth that of St. Cuthbei*t three 
times in succession, upon which she vowed to make a 
pilgrimage to him, and offer a candle the size of her 
body. From that hour she began to amend/'* 



(( 



(( 



(i 



^ ''CujuB doloriB pOBnam ipse 
BScpioA attcmptanR, nuUo generiR 
carmine nve medicamine um- 
quam potuit demere, diminuere, 
" sive in aliquo delenire.'* 

■^ In the ab})ey of Abingdon, cer- 
tain rules were laid down for the 
guidance of the keeper of the infir- 
mary, which show the existence of 



a surgical instrument similar in its 
mode of application to the modem 
cupping glass. Chron. Mon. de 
Abingd. 

• "Contigit igitur, ut de more 
Bolito, fleubomata dies diminuti 
sanguinis soUicitius observaret,'* 

* "While on the subject of medi- 
cine it may be worth while mention- 



a 



i( 



PREFACE. XXXI 

Of the state of .the arts, the notices are frequent, but 
chiefly, as might be expected, in reference to church or 
monastic architecture and its ornaments, to which I have 
alluded abeady. We hear of fourteen vessels laden 
with Caen stone for the palace at Westminster, and 
one for St. Augustine's, Canterbury : " Large stones for 
the bases, columns, capitals, and epistyles/" These vessels 
are described as having only one mast and one sail eacli, 
and unloading at the port of Bramber in Sussex. A 
little further on, the same narrative speaks of the abun- 
dance of stone at Bath, where all the houses were built 
of it. Three men travelling in the neighbourhood of 
Bath, to purchase the scori© and refuse of goldsmiths 
and miners, get into trouble for picking up a large stone 
from the king's highway, with which they pounded it. 
Here is an instance of jealousy among the building 
trade. St Cadoo employs an Irishman to assist in 
erecting a wooden church,^ but his superior skill exciting 
the anger of his companions, they cut off his head and 
threw it into a pond. Silk, cloth of gold, a tunic of 
the same material, gold bracelets, glass manufacturers 
introduced from abroad, paintings and illuminated books, 
string and wind musical instruments, testify to the con- 
dition of the fine and mechanical arts during these early 
ages in England. But the most magnificent specimen 
of all is a copy of the four gospels written in the purest 
gold on purple-coloured vellum bound in gold, set with 
precious stones and preserved in a golden chest. 

Of an Anglo-Saxon idea of household magnificence we 
have the following: — "A very wealthy nobleman was 
in the habit of often saying in the presence of the 

ing an inBtance of hydrophobia, re- I " niiit Tocem latribilem acsi efiBet 
corded by Knyghton (col. 2580). "In ; " hitratna cannm ; et fuit qnafli 



" seatate scilicet anno gratisD 1340 
^ accldit qnsdam execrabilis et 
** enormia infirmitaa in Anglia 
'< quasi communis, et preecipue in 
'* comitatn Leiceatris, adeo quod 
*' durante passione homines emise- 



*' intoUerabilis poena dnrante pas- 
" sione. Exinde fiiit magna pesti- 
" lentia hominnm*" 

* He also built a monastery and 
bridge of stone. 

C 2 



XXXU PREFACE. 

brotherhood, 'Who will obtain for me the honour of 

* entertaining the great hero, St. Cuthbert, and sheltering 
' Iiim under my roof? I call Christ and my &ith to 
' witness, that were he to come, I would adorn my 
' house with plate, strew my threshold and courtyard 

' ' with roses and sweet-smelling lilies, and make my 
' walls shine with shields of gold. My butler also 

* should joyfully receive his attendants with capacious 

* bowls of wine, and serve them with horns of mead, so 
' that the number of their cups should be innumer- 

* able. Beds should be prepared for the Saint in my 

* chambers and halls ; with my own hands would I 
' place him on the couch, and would cherish his feet in 
' my bosom.' " Scarcely less curious than the instances 
already mentioned are the instances which occur of 
surgical mechanism in various parts of this volume ; 
e.g., a silver hand and a copper foot to supply the place 
of the natural ones, which had been cut off. Perhaps 
to this head, also may be referred the two- wheeled car 
constructed for St. Erkenwald, bishop of London, when 
be liad lost the use of his legs. 

Of merchandise I have spoken already. It mainly 
consisted in stone or omamenis for churches and monas- 
teries. The ships themselves were built of wood, and 
genemlly covered with tanned bulls' hides,^ and payed 



> Thus in the Life of St Brendan :— 
** Transactis yero quadraginta die- 
'* bus in summitate cujusdam montis 
" fecenmt unam naviculam leviB- 
'< simam costatam et oolumpnatam ; 
** et oooperuerunt earn coriis bovinis 
" taunatis ; etlinieruntomnes junc- 
*' turas pellium butiro ; et miserunt 
*' alias duas paratnras navis de aliis 
<< coriis intuB adnavem ; et expensas 
" quadraginta diemm. Arborem 
" quoque posnerant in medio navis 
<' fizum, et yelum, et cietera quce ad 
<* regiminem navis perttnet" 

And in the Life of St. Kebi :— 
« Tunc Sanctus Kebius jussit dis- 



ci 



cipulis suis ut iuscisis lignis lem- 
" bum fabricarent. Quo facto, venit 
" dives iUe et ait : ' Intrate in lem- 
" * bum sine corio si servi Dei estis.* 
" £t Sanctus ait : ' Mirabilis Deus 
" ' in Sanctis suis, Deus Israel, Ipse 
*' ' dabit virtutem et fbrtitudinem 
" ' plebi BUS, benedictuB Deus. Po- 
" ' nite,' inquit discipulis, ' lembum 
*< < supra mare.* Quo iacto, ingressns 
** est cum discipuUs lembum coriis 
« carentem ; et confestim tempestas 
" valida venit in mare et timuerunt 
*^ valde discipuli ejus, et fortiter 
*' Sanctus Kebius Deum rogare 

ccepit." 



(i 



• * • 



PREFACE. XXXlll 

with butter, at least in Ireland. We have notice of 
the erection of sea-banks ; now and then of the pro- 
ductions and natural curiosities of different countries ; 
as of pease in Kent, the prevalence of bees in Ireland, 
and midberries at Christmas for the Irish bards. 

A most curious chapter might be added in illustration 
of the condition of field and gardep labour from the lives 
of various monks, would the scope and extent of this 
preface allow ; and there could be no more interesting 
revelation of the state of society than its gradual tran- 
sition from the wild and wastefrd life of the barbarian 
accustomed to arms, without prudence, forethought, or 
steady industry, to the peacefrd and laborious occupation 
of the artizan. We owe to the example of these ecclesi- 
astics, the successful establishment among the Teutonic 
invaders of England of those arts and employments 
which have added, if not to the dignity certainly, to the 
comforts of social life. Cultivation of garden-herbs and 
flowers, fruit-trees, weaving of nets for fishing, and, if not 
the invention, the improvement of beer, are due to the 
monastery. Bell-founding is specially monastic, and has 
never been equalled. In the very earliest times, we 
hear of Gildas making a mould and caating a beU with 
liis own hands ;^ of Ethdwold, abbot of Abingdon, 
making two bells with his own hands, which he added 
to the two already given by St. Dunstan to the same 
monastery." Ethelwold also constructed a drain, which 
ran beneath the dormitory of the monks, and emptied 
itself into the brook,^ The prior of Colne, in Essex, 
finding the soil in the neighbourhood of his priory 
worthless and unproductive, improved it by the employ- 
ment of an earth called marl. ^ 



* Mabill. Act. S8. sec. i. 142. | who repaired it by means of a fire 



St. Cuthbert was accustomed to 
wear a bell roond bis neck, by the 
Irish called ''Kelim j" he broke it 
by accident, and carried it to a smith. 



of rushes. 
^ Chron. Monast de Abingdon. 
»Id. 
Md. 



XXXIV 



PREFACE. 



The barbarity of the peaal code, familiar to all readers 
of eariyiistory, against which the clergy struggled long 
and successfully, is here exemplified in its utmost se- 
verity. In the miracles of St. Alban we read of a 
homicide sentenced to have his eyes torn out and to lose 
his right hand ; and of a hostage in the reign of Stephen 
condemned to have his tongue cut out because he had 
not been redeemed. Ordeal by hot water is noticed, 
Trial of relics by fire, Bibliomancy, and the like. 

Sometimes these notices tum on less serious topics. 
We hear of a captive maiden, attendant on a queen, 
gathering flowers for the royal chamber; elsewhere of 
kings, like Arthur, playing at dice, or at ball, like 
Lothaire the Carlovingian ; or ladies employed in writing 
Latin verses, or copying and decorating MSS. of the 
New Testament ; sometimes of boys, like St. Cuthbert, 
amusing himself, like other boys of his century, by 
standing on his head, and incurring the penalty of the 
whip ; a formidable weapon, — " ex duro corio tripliciter 
" intortum corregiis (thongs) nodatis in extremum." 

I have hitherto spoken of the value of these legends 
as illustrating the general history and customs of the 
times ; but there are instances in which they not only 
supply the defects and omissions of the professed his- 
torian, but preserve information of the greatest moment. 
Thus, in a narrative of the miracles at the tomb of 
St. Augustine, we are told that certain Anglo-Saxon 
nobles fled to Constantinople on the Norman inva- 
sion, one of whom obtained the command of a body of 
troops — ^a fact exceedingly probable in itself, and not a 
little curious as illustrating the fortunes of the Anglo- 
Saxon nobles after that event, which reduced such as re- 



* Among the miracles of St 
Thomaa Becket, it appears that the 
judges often had recourse to the 
trial of vater ordeaL Two men 
were tried for deer stealing by the 
water ordeal ; one was cast and 



hanged. Another man, accused of 
haying stolen a whetstone and a 
pair of gloves, waa convicted by the 
water ordeal, and his eyes were dug 
out and some of his members cut 
off. 



VHEFACE. XXXV 

mained in England to slavery. But no such notice is 
found in any of the contemporary chronicles^ though 
many of the Norman barons must have met their old 
rivals in arms in the court of the Comneni. So again, 
in the account of the martjnrdom of St. Wlfade^ this 
curious scrap of literary information is preserved — which 
tells much for the scantiness of Anglo-Saxon MSS. and 
materials for the Iristory of this country before the Nor- 
man invasion — that the Danes during many years had 
made havoc of the monasteries, and especially of the 
monastic libraries and their literary treasures ; and the 
few fragments which remained were carefrdly collected 
by St. Dunstan in the peaceable times of Edgar. For 
the most complete account of the demolition of the old 
chm*ch at Canterbury and the erection of the new ; for 
an account of the robes of St. Augustine foimd in his 
grave ; for a description of the tiles and materials used 
for his tomb ; and for many curious particulars illustrating 
the manners of the times, we are indebted to the history 
of the Translation of St. Augustine ; and I may here 
notice once for all that in these removals of the bodies of 
saints and founders of churches as much curiosity was 
felt at the time and as much care observed in noting 
down remarkable particulars as the most zealous archae- 
ologist of this century would display in the discovery 
of an ancient Boman villa or the opening of a Celtic 
barrow. To the same class of narratives we owe many 
interesting particulars relative to the destruction and 
rebuilding of St. Paul's Cathedral^ 

I nught have added many more particulars from these 



' During the Danish inTasion, the 
monks then in the territory of the 
Picts had no food save a horse's 
head and some new cheese, the 
former scarcely to be boaght 

« Famis tamen inedia, super 
** omnia, super sese iiruere pertine- 
** bant, eo quod nil in terra super- 



14 



♦* vis inveniri fructus segetum vide- 
" rant. Fortuitu, igitur, in Pic- 
" tonim rcgionibus deserti vastissi- 
mis advenerant ; nihilque us- 
piam cibonun nisi tantum modi 
equi caput, et prsedictum casenm 
"• in sua ditione possiderant. Caput 
" etiam equi istius tempore desti- 



i* 



»t 



esse granorum semlois, yel quos- " tutionis et dispcndii vix crui 



XXXVl 



PREFACE, 



miracles and lives of saints, illustrating the history, man- 
ners, superstitions, opinions, arts, sciences, and social 
condition of the age. But it is needless. From what 
has been said my readers will be able to infer that this 
is an unwrought field not unworthy the investigation of 
the historical inquirer. It will, 1 think, furnish ample 
justification of my reasons for not omitting from my 
catalogue materials of this nature. Whilst controver- 
sialists on both sides have been too often occupied in 
discussing the theological tendency of these lives, or 
their relation to ecclesiastical history, their general bear- 
ing on the social history of England has hitherto been 
too much neglected and overlooked. 

§ 

It remains for me to give some account of the labom-s 
of those who have up to this time devoted themselves to 
the illustration of the mediaeval history of this country, 
either as editors of chronicles or compilers of literary 
biography. First on the list is John Boston, a monk 
of Bury St. Edmunds, who lived in the beginning of 
the fifteenth century, and devoted himself to collecting 
the names of English writers, and giving some short 
notice of their works. In pursuance of his purpose, 
Boston visited nearly all the cathedral churches, mo- 
nasteries, and colleges of England, and compiled an 
alphabetical list of English authors, which he entitled 
" Catalogus Scriptorum Ecclesise.'* He purposed to note 
the period at which each author wrote, the libraiy in 
which his works might be found, and their exact place 
in the library. No early copy of Boston s v/ork is now 



** potuit quinque Bolidorum siclis 

** argenti. Multisque diebuB ad 

" refectionem nihil panis occur- 

*< rerat, Bed camibus equorom et 

" caseiB, vitro paaperiem turba 

** esnrieDS Bostinebat. 



** Omnes tamen vita; sobBidium de 
" equi capite, quod sailierant, et de 
" caaeo, aaper quo Becretiores Be fore 
confidebaiit, Be mortiB difierre dis- 
pendium verbis et cordibus alle- 
" gabant," &c. 



(i 



(I 



PREFACE. XXXVll 

known to be extant. Pits (whose studies lay in the 
same direction) had never seen it, nor did he know 
where it existed A copy, formerly in the possession 
of archbishop Ussher, was said to have passed into 
the hands of Dr. Qale, dean of York. Wilkins, in his 
preface to Tanner's " Bibliotheca," has printed that por- 
tion of it which relates to this country ; it is valuable 
as far as it goes, but deficient, as might be expected, 
in many particulars. Of the wks of so important 
an author as William of Malmesbury, Boston has men- 
tioned only two. Writers of the same name are some- 
times confounded, and sometimes one and the same 
author is divided into two. Occasionally the names of 
authors occur without any further notice. Notwith- 
standing these defects, the work has its value, as it 
shows in what libraries, in Boston's time, historical 
manuscripts might be found ; and, considering the period 
at which he lived, and the number of obstacles he had 
to encounter, it would be unjust to withhold from him 
our tribute of gratitude. 

The next who followed in the steps of Boston was 
a Carthusian monk, of Lincoln, whose name has not 
survived.^ He appears to have made Kttle progress in 
his catalogue, and no portion of it has been preserved. 
Pits believed it was destroyed at the Reformation.* 

Soon after appeared another writer of much higher 
pretensions. This was the celebrated John Leland, often 
styled the figtther of English antiquaries ; a man by 
nature and education fitted for the task he imposed upon 
himself; of enthusiastic ardour, and-- diligence equal to 
his zeal. Bom in London, educated at St. Pauls school, 
he was afterwards a student at Oxford, Cambridge, and 
Paris. One of the earliest Qreek scholars in England, 
he spoke several modem languages, and had made 



' Bishop Kicholson calls hiin i - " Nee dubito quin per iilorum 
Alanus do Linna, prior of a Carmc- ! " temporum malitiam ilia quse ex- 
lite monastery at Lynn in Norfolk. [ " aravit perierunt." 



il 



XXXVUl PBEFACE. 

considerable progress in the study of Welsh and Saxon. 
By a comniiBsion, dated 1533, be was dignified witb the 
title of the King s antiquary, and was empowered to 
search after '' England's antiquities, and pursue the 
" libraries of all cathedrals, abbies, priories, colleges, and 
places where records, writings, and secrets of antiquity 
were deposited, to the intent that the monuments of 
'^ ancient writers, as well of other nations as of our 
'* province, might be brought out of cloudy darkness 
" to lively light/'' For this purpose he is said to have 
had an honourable stipend allotted him. On the 12th 
July, in the 28th year of the reign of Henry VIII., 
having obtained a royal dispensation for non-residence,* 
he forthwith devoted himself to his inquiries, travelling 
over England and Wales to collect materials. Upon the 
completion of his Itinerary, the king, on the 3rd of April 
1542, presented Leland to the living of Haseley," and in 
the course of the following year to a prebendal stall in 
King's College, now Christ-Church,* in Oxford. In 1545, 
Leland digested his collections into four books, and pre- 
sented them to his royal patron under the title of " A 
" Newe Yeare's Qifte." At the dissolution of the mo- 
nasteries seeing, with infinite regret, the great spoliation 
of ancient manuscripts, Leland entreated the aid of 
Cromwell, then Secretary of State, to preserve these 
works fi:om destruction. He suggested the expediency 
of sending the manuscripts for preservation to His Ma- 
jesty's Library. What steps were taken in consequence 
of this appeal does not appeal'. He retired to his house 
in St. Michael le Queme, London, to arrange the immense 
mass of materials he had collected, and prepare them 
for publication. But before his task was completed, he 
was deprived of his reason, and died after an illness of 
two years, on the 18th of April, 1552. 



* The authority for thiB statement 
ha8 not been diBcovered. No such 
commission as that here mentioned 
is enrolled. 



- Pat. 28. Memb. 8. p. 1. 
' Pat 33. Memb. 8. p. 8. 
* Pat. 34. Memb. 8. p. 8. 



PREFACE. XXZIX 

There can be no better proof of the value of Leland'B 
labonrs than the fact that his catalogue of English 
Writers has formed the basis of all works on this subject 
since his time. Its value was well known and admitted, 
although a century and a half elapsed before it was 
given to the press. It was then edited by Anthony 
Hall, of Queen's College, Oxford, whose edition abounds 
with serious errors and omissions. 

Leland was followed by John Bale, bishop of Ossory. 
His work, entitled " Illustriimi Majoris Britannise Scrip- 
" torum, hoc est Anglise, CambriaB, ac ScotisD, Sum- 
" marium," purports to contain the lives of all the 
most eminent writers of Great Britain ; it was addressed 
to king Edward the Sixth, and was printed at Ipswich 
in the year 154!9. At first limited in its range, it 
embraced only five centuries of writers. During his exile 
in (xermany. Bale amplified the work, and brought it 
down to the year 1567. He dedicated the new edition 
to Otho Henry, prince palatine of the Rhine, A thii*d 
edition, dated 1559, was dedicated to Count Zkradin and 
Dr. Paul Scalichius, and contains four additional cen- 
turies. In its complete form, the work comprises a list 
of nine hundred writers. 

The merits of Bale's Catalogue are neither so many i 
nor so eminent as is generally supposed.^ The author 
borrowed his plan fi:om Leland, of whom he speaks in 
very laudatory terms ;^ but he has not imitated the 



' When Bale's advocacy of the tade of ;*^ waty maters sulBEre not 

doctrines oftheRefbrmation brought , me to haue couenient accesse on to 

him into trouble, he found an advo- ! yow. Doctor Bale samtyme a 

cate in the person of Leland. The Whight *frere, and now a secular 

following letter, in the Public Record i preest ys deteined at greenewtche 

Office, hitherto unprinted, will be , yn the porters warde apon certeine 



read with interest, as a pleasing ' articles of preching. Wherin I 



memorial of two of our early biblio- 
graphers. 

** Sir, I beseche yow most hum- 
bely to adraitte my homble writing 
at this tyme, selng that the multi- 



desier y** good lordship in the way 
of charite that he may fauorably 
make his purgation, and so to re- 
ceyue as he hath merited. The 
world is M of yl tunges and yl wil 



xl 



PBEFACE. 



moderation or honesty of his predecessor. He was a man 
of strong feelings and essentially a partisan ; and never 
omitted any opportunity of maligning the chm-ch of 
Borne and vilifying its members. He brought the 
temper of a polemic to the study of history. Yet, 
witli its numerous defects, it by no means deserves the 
severe condemnation passed upon it by Pits.' 

Like Bale, John Pits employed himself in compiling 
the lives of English writers. The work was composed 
during his residence abi*oad, and whilst he was confessor 
to the Duchess of Cleves. It remained unpublished until 
the year 1619, three years after the author's death, when 
William Bishop, a doctor of the Sorbonne, brought it out 
under the title of "Joannis Pitsei, Anglici, Theologiae 
" Doctoris, Liverduni in. Lotharingia Decani Eelatid 
" Historicarum de Rebus Anglids." It is better known 
by its title, « De iUustribus AngUse Scriptoribus." The 
work is divided into four parts, of which the second, 
t containing the account of British and English authors 



ean not say welle. Surely if the ' 
ma be not monetmusly chaunged, 
ther is in hym lerning, iugemeot, 
modesBty, "w^ many other goode 
qualities and worthier he was, if he 
be not lately altered to haue a better 
fortune then to be a poore paroch 
preste. His brother hath brought 
up a certificat subscribed by the 
most honest mene of the paroch 
wher he dwelled. And as fbr su of 
the articles laide o to him be so 
folisch* that they be worthy no 
lemed manes answer. Now my 
good lord, the tronthe knowen, I 
most hnmbely beseche yow, in the 
name of good letters, and charite, 
that he may trye hym self, and so to 
receyue, as ye shaul se the cause to 
require. And I shaul pray yn the 
meane tyme for y^ prosperite. At 
London, the zxy day of January by 



yowr poore louer od seruant at 
comaundemet.^ 

John Leyland. 
(in dorso) 
To the right honorable and mye 
singular good lorde my lord of 
the priuate scale.'' 
' ** Hoc Lelandi Catalogum non 
tarn prolix^ auxit, quam prodi- 
giosd deprayavit. Omnia namque 
foedissimis mendaciis et calumniis 
replevit, et opus Lelandi pollutis- 
simo stylo turpiter conspurcavit" 
The effect of Pits' severity will be 
lessened when it is remembered 
that he was a Roman Catholic, 
and an exile for his religion. Nor 
must it be forgotten that Bale 
never spoke of the Church of Home 
but with peculiar bitterness and 
ferocity. 



M 



(( 



(( 



M 



« 



PREFACE. 



xli 



ftnd their writings, is chiefly taken from Bale. The 
author, however, pretends to have derived his informa- 
tion immediately from Leland,^ whose manuscript he 
had probably never seen. 

In the year 1688, Dr. Cave published his "Scrip- 
" torum Historia Literaria." Unlike the works of Bale 
or Pits, it is not confined to English writers, but relates 
to the general literature of Europe from the birth of 
Christ until the end of the thirteenth century. It had 
been the author's intention to have brought it down 
to the Reformation ; but he proceeded no further than 
the year 1300. The continuation to 1517 is the work 
of Henry Wharton and Robert Gery.^ 

Ireland and Scotland have also contributed to 
this branch of literature. In the year 1627, two 
years after the author's death, there was published at 
Bologna,* a work by Thomas Dempster,* entitled 
'' Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Scotorum, sive de Scrip- 
" toribus Scotis.'' It extends to nineteen books, but 
is of little repute, and has received the unqualified 
condemnation of Ussher, Ware, Nicholson, and Cave. 

In 1 639, Sir James Ware published an account of \ 



* Lelandum maxima secutus, 
quern tarn diligenter scrutatus sum, 
nt in ejoB saltern qusB vidi et legi 
flcriptu, tIx aliquid uotata dignuxn 
me effbgerit (Pram. p. 52.") 

* The articlea written by Whar- 
ton have his initials, H. W., and 
those by Gery, B. G., placed against 
them. Dr. Cave's work called 
forth several replies. Oudin in his 
valuable work '* Commentarios de 
" Scriptoribus Ecclesiasticis *' has 
exposed several of its misstatements 
and supplied many of its deficien* 
des. Ondin's work is especially 
valuable in affording evidence of 
the existence of manuscripts in 
divers libraries at the period 
he wrote. Cave's Historia lateraria 



was reprinted at Geneva in 1705 
and 1720, and again at Basle in 
1741. A new edition was printed 
in London by subscription. This 
contains numerous additions and 
emendations made during the last 
twelve years of the author's life. 

' In one voL 4to. A second 
edition, or rather a reprint, was 
published at Edinburgh in 1829, by 
the Bannatyne club. 

* Dempster was bom in Scotland 
in 1579. He commenced his edu- 
cation at Aberdeen and completed 
it at Cambridge. Having left his 
native country, he taught in the 
schools of Paris, Pisa, and Bologna; 
at which last named place he died in 
1625. 



xlii PREFACK. 

Irish writers, entitled "De Scriptoribus Hibemiee." It 
was dedicated to the celebrated Thomas Viscount Went- 
worth, viceroy of Ireland, and consists of two books ; 
the first contains a brief account of all authors bom in 
Ireland from A.D. 400 to the end of the 16th century, 
and the second of those who had any official connexion 
with the country during the same period. It has since 

* been translated and enlarged by Harris. 

The last work of any impoitance, with the exception 

>of Bishop Nicholson's popular Manuals, was Bishop 
Tanner's Bihliotheca BritaTi/nica Hib&miea, Upon this 
laborious production the author was employed for forty 
years, but died before its publication. In 1748 it was 
edited and given to the world by Dr. Wilkins. It 
contains an account of English, Scotch, and Irish writers, 

> compiled, not only from LelandjBale, and Pits, but from 
nmnberless other authorities, printed and in manuscript. 
The whole of Leland's work is incorporated, and the 
text is much more accurate than that published by 
Anthony HaU. On all questions connected with the 
early literature of our nation, Tanner's Bibliotheca, 

f notwithstanding its many omissions, defects, and re- 
dmidancies, is still the highest authority to which the 
inquirer can refer. As a storehouse of historical mate- 
rials, it is invaluable ; although the vast information 
contained in it is badly arranged, and requires a careful 
and critical revision. In qualifying any remark wldch 
may seem to detract from its merits, it must be remem- 
bered that its learned author died before he had pre- 
pared his work for the press. 

Since the publication of Tanner's great work, no 
catalogue of English writers of any pretensions has 
appeared, except the useful and valuable Manual of 
British Historians, in 1845, by Mr. Macray. 

§ 

Whilst Bale and Pits were employed in collecting 
biographical materials, the authors themselves were not 



PREFACE. 



xliii 



neglected. Parker, Savile, and Twysden, the earliest 
editors of our Chronicles, exercised sound judg- 
ment in their selection, but were deficient in critical 
sagacity, and their labours bear evident traces of extreme 
carelessness.^ The degree of credibility that should pro- 
perly be attached to each work was not considered, 
or the sources from which the author derived his 
information. The publications were independent of 
each other ; the plans of the editors as various as their 
materiala Some advocated omissions and curtailments ; 
others, on the contrary, printed what had previously 
been rejected ; occasionally the same matter occurs as 
the work of different writers ; and one editor, at least, 
considered a text faSl of blunders as much too sacred 
to be touched. However, in extenuation of the errors 
and shortcomings of these editors, it must be considered 
how great and nimierous are the difficulties that attend 
a minute and critical examination of the materials for 
the early history of any country.* 

Whilst, therefore, we accept with gratitude the labours 
of the early editors of our historical works, we cannot 
be insensible to the many grave defects with which they 
abound. Some which are of secondary importance, or 
scarcely of any historical value at all, have unfortunately 
been produced as of primary authority. The " Flores 
" Historiarum " attributed to Matthew of Westminster 
will serve as an example.. This work was edited by 



' It would be out of place to 
notice here the yariouB mediaeval 
historical works relating to this 
country that hare appeared in 
England and on the continent. 
Those who are interested in the 
subject are referred to the general 
Introduction to the Monumenta 
Historica Britannica^ where they 
are noticed, and brief remark r 
occasionally made on their con- 



tents. In the Appendix to the 
first volume of this work will be 
found a list of the whole of them 
alphabetically arranged, which will 
give an idea of the extent of what 
has been done, since the introduc- 
tion of printing to the present day, 
towards the publication of the 
materials for the history of our 
countrv. 



xliv 



PBEFACK. 



Matthew Parker^ archbishop of Canterbury. It is of 
no authority or originality ; but Parker, probably 
ignorant of the works from which the compilation was 
drawn, considered it an original composition, and be- 
stowed upon its publication great care and labour, 
f^our years afterwards he discovered to his great dis- 
appointment that his text had been taken from an 
imperfect manuscript, and, still ignorant that the work 
was not original, and comparatively worthless, he 
brought out a new edition. The archbishop's mortifi- 
cation must have been considerably increased upon dis- 
covering that the " Historia Major '' of Matthew Paris, an 
earlier writer, contained the materials from 1066 to 1259, 
from which the " Flores Historiarum " had been taken. 
But he was not disheartened. In the year following his 
second edition of Matthew of Westminster, he published 
his new author. Even that was not an original, but 
taken from an earlier writer still, with a few inter- 
polations here and there.^ 

^ Again, in the first collection of ancient English his- 
torians which issued from the press of Jerome Comme- 
line, the Romance of Geoffiry of Monmouth, and a Latin 
abridgment of Froissart, are placed on the same level 
of historical credibility as Beda's Ecclesiastical History ; 
and the work which the editor termed a continuation 
of Beda's history, by an unknown author, is nothing 
more than extracts from the first three books of William 
of Malmesbury's ^'Gesta B^um Anglorum.'' These 
facts are sufficient evidence of a want of critical skill. 
But a foreigner might well be excused for his ignorance 
of the value of our historical materials, when English 
scholars have been so unfortunate in their labours. 
Better things were performed by Sir Henry Savile. 



* Archbishop Parker was not 
much happier in his Bclection of 
original writers when he issued Wal- 
Bingham's "Historia Major." This 



work, if shorn of its borrowed 
matter, would be found of very 
meagre dimensions. 



PREFACE, Xlv 

His selection of auihors, commonly known as the '' Scrip- 
" tores post Bedam/' was faultless with one exception — 
that of Ingulfs Historia. SavDe's work unquestionably 
contains some of the most valuable writers of thet 
twelfth and thirteenth centuries ; but the volume is so 
inaccurately printed as to justify a belief that the editor 
did not correct the press himself 

The great collection, called the "Decem Scriptores," y 
was still better edited than Savile's volume. It was ar- 
ranged and carried through the press by Jennynge, a 
craduate of Cambridfife, who collated, with the orisdnal 
Liuscripts, such ^rtlons of the woA a« were pr^d 
from the Parker collection in the library of Corpus 
Christi College. Selden, TJssher, and Twysden (to 
whom the collection is commonly attributed), superin- 
tended the progress of the work. - The preface was 
written by Selden, and the glossary contributed by 
Somner. 

The collections by Fulman and Gale are valuable, 
but open to many of the objections which have already 
been pointed out. The laborious publications of Heame * 
are disfigured with that writer's want of discrimination, 
and his servile adherence to blunders, provided they had 
the stamp of antiquity. Heame never attempted to 
correct the most palpable errors of his own transcriber, 
or make any distinction between valuable and worthless 
materials. 

The labours of Hall and Sparke are even less me- 
ritorious than those of Heame. 

To this general absence of critical judgment in those 
who have hitherto employed themselves in giving to the 
world editions of English Chronicles, must be added the 
absence of aU aid afforded by the editor to the reader 
for adjusting &ulty chronology, or reducing it to some 
acknowledged standard. Nothing is more requisite for 
the correct understanding of history than a settled chro- 
nology. As each author employed such eras and epochs 
as best suited his purpose, or with which he happened 
VOL. I. d 



xlvi PBEFACK. 

to be most familiar, great discrepancies exist. Some 
writers date from the Passion or Deatti of our Lord, 
some from His Nativity, some from His Besurrection, 
and some from His first preaching ; and although the 
greater number adopt the era of the Incarnation, they 
are not agreed as to the year of that event. Many 
adhere to the so-called verus a/n/nus, which fell two 
years earlier than the received chronology; others em- 
ploy the Dionysian or vulgar era ; a few observe the 
era of the Incarnation as used by Paul, bishop of Fos- 
sombrone, and afterwards by Marianus Scbtus, which is 
twenty-two years earlier than the vulgar account. Some 
date from the most prominent events in the history 
of their own country, as the arrival of the Saxons in 
Britain, or the conversion of the Angles to Chi*istianity ; 
whilst others compute by the number of years that have 
elapsed since the event last noticed. By these means 
a variation of one, two, or more years often arises 
in the narration of the same event by different 
writers, and history has been involved in the greatest 
confusion. 

These and other &ults and defects in the works of the 
earlier editors, induced the Oovemment of this country 
to give attention to this subject In the year 1818 
a meeting of noblemen and gentlemen, interested in 
historical literature, and conscious of the inadequacy of 
all previous attempts, was convened at Spencer house. 
It resolved to recommend to the Oovemment, through 
the Earl of Liverpool, a complete collection of our annals 
and other historical documents commencing with the 
earliest notices of Britain, and ending with the Befor- 
mation, to be published at the expense of the nation. 
There was a difficulty at the outset. No one was 
thoroughly competent to undertake the duties required. 
Towards the close of the last century, and during the 
commencement of this, though history had been studied 
with unusual attention, few scholars possessed a familiar 
acquaintance with the early English writers and chro- 



PRSFAOK xlvii 

nicIerB ; still fewer had been led to ciEtny out researches 
beyond the printed collections. One man only in Britain 
enjoyed a reputation of such a nature as to justify his 
appointment to superintend the undertaking. This man 
Was the late Mr. Henry Petrie, keeper of the records 
in the Tower; and to him application was made. Mr. 
Petrie was requested to draw up a plan and submit 
it to the Government. It was approved, and he was 
appointed editor of the work. 

What Mr. Petrie proposed demanded great care and 
diligence, and a considerable amount of critical sagacity, 
especially in the materials and arrangement of the first 
volume. This done, it was supposed that all difiiculties 
would vanish. Mr. Petrie's labours may be tested by 
his first volume, which extends from the earliest notices 
of Britain to the Norman Conquest. He had to examine 
not only all the Greek and Boman writers from Hero- 
dotus to Nicephorus Callistus, but all the monastic 
annalists which ascend beyond, and to determine on the 
precise merit and value of the whole of the materials 
prior to the Norman invasion. He had to separate the 
spurious from the genuine, the authenticated from the 
doubtful, original from secondary information. To dis- 
cover when a mediseval author speaks from personal 
experience and observation, or adopts the language of 
others, was a cardinal difficulty frequently insuperable. 
To remedy this evil Mr. Petrie designed to print in 
the shape of notes at the foot of the text of the 
original, all abbreviations and additions introduced 
by more recent writers. The amount of labour in- 
volved in this task cannot be overrated. For a new 
edition of a classical author a careful collation of 
two or three of the best MSS. is sufficient; and when 
the text has been thus established, further examination 
of inferior or later copies is generally superfiuoas. But 
with monastic chronicles it is not so. Seldom the work 
of one hand, they have grown up by accretion, each age 
has added contemporary information, and each esta- 

d 2 



xlviii PBEFAOS. 

blishment 'wherein they were adopted has fiomished new 
materials. To the editor of a Greek or Eoman classic, 
such additions and interpolations are of little value^ and 
rarely of any interest ; but in a mediaaval chronicle such 
matter is often more interesting and more valuable than 
the original work. 

How far subsequent inquiries might have led Mr. Petrie 
to modify his plan it is impossible to say. He was in the 
position of a judge, surrounded with affidavits, some of 
which bear no signature, others are mere copies, many 
purporting to proceed from distinct and independent 
witnesses, are found to be upon examination only dif- 
ferent copies of the same document. In this way, 
Mr. Petrie was under the necessity of extracting the 
truth from a conftised mass of evidence, and at the same 
time of contending against the erroneous or contradic- 
tory decisions of former judges. He had to dissect the 
evidence of each chronicler ; to eliminate what was sus- 
picious or spurious; to ponder over documents hereto- 
fore unhesitatingly ascribed to a particular author ; to 
detect and expose errors which had been perpetuated 
for ages, until each error had become the fruitful 
parent of many more. The whole subject had become 
a tangled skein which only the most careful and pa- 
tient investigation could enable him to unravel Nor 
could these researches be prosecuted in the leisure and 
retirement of his study. He had to go out and search 
for materials; to investigate the contents of distant 
libraries ; to follow the track of a lost manuscript ; to 
rise superior to the errors of catalogues and librarians ; 
to distrust the most positive assertions of those who 
esteemed themselves the most competent authorities; 
in short, to know really more of a manuscript and its 
value than the man who possessed it. 

This is no exaggerated view of the perplexities and 
difficulties with which Mr. Petrie had to contend at 
the very outset of his task. In spite of them all, 
however, his work steadily proceeded for nine years. 



It was then interrupted by the author's severe illness, 
and, after the text of the first volume had been pre- 
pared and a large collection of materials for other 
volumes made^ it was suspended by order of the 
Commissioners on Public Becords. But for this Mr. 
Petrie would probably have witnessed the completion 
of several successive volumes; the suspension of the 
undertaking, however, completely paralyzed his efforts. 
He died without completing his first volume; which • 
was not published* until 1848. 

No farther national attempt was made in this direction 
for many years ; but in the autumn of 1848 a proposal 
for the continuation of the " Monumenta Historica 
*' Britannica " was submitted to the Lords Commis- 
sioners of Her Majesty's Treasury by Lord Langdale, 
Master of the BoUs, from Mr. Brewer, Mr. Stevenson, 
and myself- Financial considerations prevented their 
lordships fiom aanctioning the undertakmg at that time. 
In November 1856 Mr. Stevenson again brought the 
subject under the notice of their Lordships, and his 
application was referred to the present Master of the 
Bolls, Sir John Bomilly. 

On a careful consideration of Mr. Stevenson's propo- ^ 
sition, the Master of the Bolls expressed his opinion that it 
was not desirable to continue Mr. Petrie's plan. In place 
of it he proposed that the works selected for publica- 
tion should be entrusted to competent editors, without 
reference to periodical or chronological arrangement. The 
works thus selected were to be published without muti- 
lation or abridgment ; the text was to be formed on a 
careful collation of the best manuscripts ; and the editor, 
in preparing his work for the press, was required to 
give an account of the manuscripts employed by him, 
a brief notice of the era when the author flourished, and 
an explanation of any chronological difficulties. With 
the exception of various readings, no note or conmient 
should be added. The Treasury approved of the pro- 
posal, and a list of the works which have been 



1 



PREFACK 



published under the direction of the Master of the Bolls 
by the authority of the Treasury will be found in the 
Appendix. 

But already on the suspension of Mr. Petrie's work, 
various attempts had been made by private societies to 
effect the same object. Among the most important of 
this kind was the establishment of the English Historical 
Society, which was formed in the year 1837 for the 
publication of an accurate and uniform edition of the 
English chronicles from the earliest period to the 
accession of Heniy the Eighth. Supplemental volumes 
were to contain Letters, State Papers, Historical Poems, 
Proceedings of Councils and Sjmods, Papal Bulls, De- 
cretal Epistles, and the more important Lives of Saints. 
The plan on which this society proceeded was con- 
formable with that since adopted by the Master of the 
Bolls, and the Historical Society of France. The English 
Historical Society published each author as a separate 
work, without mutilation, omitting only those portions 
of the preliminary compilation which had no connexion 
with the history of Britain ; and in this omission of 
borrowed matter its plan was identical with that of 
Mr. Petrie.^ A list of the works issued by the English 
Historical Society will be found in the Appendix. 

The Camden Society, founded in the year 1838, has 
issued eighty voliunes, consisting of twenty-one volumes 
of Qenend Chronicles and Histories ; four of Political 
Treaties, twelve relating to Ecclesiastical History, 
twelve of Historical Documents, six of Bolls of Ex- 
penses and Inventories, eleven of Personal Memoirs 
and Diaries, fifteen of Letters, four of Travels and 
Topography, three relating to Genealogy and Heraldry, 
thirteen to Poetry and Ancient Literature, and two 



* There were, kowever, gome 
minor distizictions between the two 
plans which need not be reca- 
pitulated, as they may be seen in 



the able paper on the subject from 
the pen of the Ber. Joseph SteTen-r 
son, prefixed to his edition of Beda'# 
Historia Eccleaiastica. 



F&SFAOB. li 

to Philology. A descriptive catalogue of the works of the 
Camden Society has been drawn up by Mr. J. G. Nichols. 
A list of these works will be found in the Appendix. 

Borne years after the Anglia Christiana Society was | 
established for the purpose of publishing such lives^ letters, 
and documents as more directly illustrated the ecclesi- 
astical history of this country. It had no intention of 
putting forth new editions of the larger monastic chroni- 
cles, as those of Henry of Huntingdon, Roger Hoveden, 
or Matthew Paris, but such only as treated exclusively 
of ecclesiastical subjects. In this range of material, so 
vast and extensive, the intention was to select those 
portions which were less common and accessible, having, 
however, regard to their real value and interest. Like all 
other societies established during this century in £ngland, 
it £uled for want of support ; thus proving incontestibly 
that no private body, however zealous or competent, can 
supply the defidenqr in our national literature. 

Of the works published by this society, one was 
obtained from Mr. Petrie's transcripts, " Historia de 
'^ Fundatione Monasterii de Bello/' This and the treatise 
" De Instructione Principum " of Qiraldus Cambrensis 
were edited by Mr. Brewer, and the " Liber Eliensis," by 
Mr. D. J. Stewart 

Had the Society obtained the requisite support, it also 
contemplated publishing selections from the Papal Cor- 
respondence preserved in the British Museum:-— The 
Letters of Eadmer, the friend and confidant of Arch- 
bishop Anselm : — The Theological Dictionary of Qas- 
coigne, who died in 1457, the only ecclesiastical 
historian of the period :-«^The '^ Speculum Ecdesisa " of 
Giraldus Cambrensis: — The Life, Letters, and Rule of 
St. Columbanus, the author of the earliest Monastic 
Rule in this country, who died in 615 : — The Letters 
of Alcuin : — The Life, Letters, and Rule of Archbishop 
Lanfranc : — A collection of Chronicles and Documents 
illustrative of the history of the see of Canterbury 
arranged in chronological order according to the plan 



lii PREFAOK 

laid down by Wharton in his ** Anglia Sacra :*' — 
Extracts from the Proceedings in the Ecclesiastical 
Courts of England before and after the Beformation. 

For Scottish History the Bannatyne Club was esta- 
blished in the year 1823, for the purpose of printing 
works illustrative of the history, antiquities, and 
literature of Scotland, either at the expense of the 
dub, or as contribution from individual members.^ 

For a similar purpose the Maltland Club, which was 
instituted in the year 1828 by a few gentlemen at 
Glafifgow, had for its object the printing of works illus- 
trative of the antiqidties^ history, and literature of 
Scotland, for private circulation among its members. 

In the year 1834, the Surtees Society was established 
in honour of the late Robert Siirtees of Mainsforth, for 
the publication of inedited manuscripts illustrative of 
the intellectual, moral, religious, and social condition of 
those parts of England and Scotland included on the 
east between the Humber. and the Frith of Forth, and 
on the west between the Mersey and the Clyde, a region 
which constituted the ancient kingdom of Northumber^ 
land. 

In the year 1842, the Aelfric Society was instituted 
for the publication of Anglo-Saxon and other literary 
monuments, both civil and ecclesiastical, tending to 
illustrate the early state of England, which have 
either not yet been given to the world, or of which 
more correct and convenient editions might be deemed 
desirable. Under the former cAtegory it was proposed 
to comprise all monuments of permanent impoi-tance in 
a theological, historical, and philological point of view. 

Still later the Caxton Society was formed upon a piin- 
ciple somewhat different from the others of a kindred 
nature which had preceded it. The members did not con- 
tribute any fund towards the expense of the society, but 



> A list of the works of this and other similar societies will be found in 
the Appendix. 



PREFACE. 



liii 



undertook to purchase a copy of each work printed. 
It had for its object the publication in a cheap and com- 
modious form cluronicles and other writings hitherto un- 
published, iUustrative of the history and miscellaneous 
literature of the middle ages. 

The Roxburgh Club was . established in the year 
1812, for the purpose of reprinting rare old tracts or 
compositions, chiefly poetical. A few only of their 
works are immediately connected with historical sub* 
jects.^ 

§ 

It remaLos for me to notice the efforts made by the 
nation to place the documentary history of the country 
on a better footing. 

As early as the year 1693 Thomas Bymer, the histo- 
riographer royal,^ was appointed to transcribe and 
publish all the leagues, treaties, alliances, capitulations, 
and confederacies which had at any time been made 
between the Crown of England and other kingdoms, 
as a work highly conducive to the service and the 
honour of the realm.' 

Rymer was occupied eleven years in forming his 
collection. The first volume appeared in the year 1704, 
imder the title of "Foedera, Conventiones, Litterse, 
^' et cujuscunque generis Acta Publica, inter Beges 
'' Anglise, et alios quosvis Imperatores, Beges, Pontifices, 
** Prindpes, vel Communitates, ab ineunte sa^culo duo- 
'^ dedmo, viz., ab anno 1101, ad nostra usque tempora 
" habita, aut tractata ; ex autographis, intra secretiores 



' I haye thought it right to give 
in the Appendix a list of the publi- 
cations of this Club, as also of the 
Abbotsford, Spalding, and other 
Literary Societies. 

' Bymer was constituted his- 
toriographer royal by Letters 
Patent, dated Dec. 23, 4th William 
and Mary. 



' Mr. Harley, afterwards earl of 
Oxford, is supposed to haye sug- 
gested the plan upon which Rymer 
acted ; but there is no contemporary 
eyidence to prove the fact. Rymer 
in all probability was instigated 
by the Codex Juris Gentium Diplo- 
maticus, which had just been pub 
Ushed by Leibnitz in 1693. 



Uv 



PBEFAOK 



'^ archivomm regiorum thesaurarias per multa saocula 
'^ reconditis, fideliter exsoripta." 

This great work attracted the attention of the whole 
of the literary world on the continent. It was looked 
upon as the most important contribution which had 
yet been made to the history of this or any other 
nation. The learned Br^uigny commends it in the 
following terms : " Un peuple, dont les Annales se 
confondent souvent avec les n&tres, et que nous 
aimons k imiter par estime et par rivalit^, nous 
" donna le module de Tex^cution, et la preuve de 
Tutilit^ d'un pareil ouvrage. L'histoire d'Angle- 
terre ^toit demeur^e dans le mdme etat d'imper- 
fection, oil semble encore languir la notre, lorsque le 
*' &meux ' Recueil de tous les Actes ' relatifs k cette 
histoire fut public au commencement de ce siecle, 
par les ordres de la reine Anne^ et par les soins du 
savant Rymer, dont une si grande entreprise a rendu 
le nom immorteL La va^ste collection de ces actes 
importans ranima le courage de Bapin-Thojrraa. Aid^ 
de ce nouveau secours, en peu d'ann^es il fiit en 
dtat de publier son histoire d*Angleterre qu'il avoit 
4i6 sur le point d'abandonner, et dont le m^rite 
non-seulement effaQa toutes celles qui avoient pr^- 
cdde, mais se soutient encore malgre les talens et 
" les recherches des A^rivains qui ont glan^ depuis 
" dans les champs oil Rjmier avoit moissonn^." 

Fourteen volumes of the Fcedera were published under 
the superintendence of Rymer. The fifteenth and six- 
teenth he left prepared for press. His assistant, Robert 
Sanderson, edited the greater portion of the sixteenth 
and the whole of the seventeenth volume.^ On the 



(( 



i< 



« 



(( 



u 



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(( 



(C 



t( 



tt 



It 



it 



if 



i( 



i( 



^ The first sixteen Yolumes were 
published by A. and J. Churchill, 
and the seventeenth by W. Churchill. 
The second edition was commenced 
eight yean afterwards by Tonson* 
and was completed in 1735. It 



seems to have been intended by the 
publisher merely as a reprint, but so 
little care was bestowed upon it that 
many of the errors corrected by 
Rymer at the end of his Preface: 
were perpetuated ; and his notes ot 



PSEFACB. 



Iv 



death of Ejrmer, Sanderson was employed by Tonson 
to continue the work. He accomplished his task in three 
volumes, published in the years 1726, 1732, and 1736 ;* 
of which the first was dedicated to George the First, 
the others to George the Second. 

Complaints have been made of the incompetency 
of Rymer^ and of the errors and omissions in his 
edition of the Foedera. Sir Joseph Ayloffe asserts 
that the public^ had formed high ideas of this 
proposed collection of records long before its pub- 
lication, but their expectations were greatly dis- 
appointed when they saw it. They could not, with- 
out injustice to Mr. Rymer, neglect applauding his 
labours, but at the same time very properly regretted 
his want of correctness,^ and that he had not more 
maturely considered the merits, as well of several of 
those instruments which he printed, as of many 
'' others which he omitted." The same statement was 
repeated almost word for word by Dr. Adam Clarke, 



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u 



t€ 



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ti 



U 



tl 



three grave errors are repeated in 
the Bame place, though one of them, 
if noticed, woald have caused the 
transposition of a document ten 
years later in the subsequent edi- 
tions. 

' These three supplemental vo- 
lumes ibrmed no portion of the 
first edition, which extended only 
to seventeen volumes. The se- 
cond edition, commenced in 1727, 
was edited by George Holmes, 
Keeper of the Records in the Tower, 
in twenty volumes, the last of which 
was published in 1735. A third 
edition of the Foedera was completed 
at the Hague in 1740, for which 
Holmes' collations were used. It is 
in smaller type than the other two 
editions, and is compressed into 
ten volumes. 

* Introduction to the Calendars 



of Ancient Charters, published in 
1774, p. xxxviii.-xxxix. 

' One of the attempts made to im- 
peach Rymer's accuracy was in a 
collation of the Treaty of Cambray, 
in the collection bequeathed by Dr. 
Birch to the British Museum. At 
the end of that collation the anony- 
mous critic has summed up no less 
than 508 faults of different kinds, 
which he alleges are contained " in 
" five pages of the celebrated edi- 
'* tor ','* but on examination it ap- 
pears that the original treaty, in 
the name and on the part of the 
French king, is altogether different 
from Bymer*B text, which seems to 
have been copied from a bad tran- 
script of the English counterpart, of 
which the original is yet preserved 
in the archives of France. 



Ivi 



PREFACE. 



in his '^ Oeneral Introduction " to the new edition of 
the Foedera/ published by the late Record Commifl- 
sion. Dr. Clarke adds to the charges against Bymer 
the impropriety of publishing documents, which, how- 
ever authentic, ought not to be made public.^ 

It is also objected that he admitted into his collec- 
tion documents which had no bearing on our public 
history, were purely of a domestic nature, and incon- 
sistent with his general design.^ 
. Although these and other charges were scarcely well 



' George Holmes iraB employed 
to collate Rymer's Tolames, and 
the resalt of his care and colla- 
tion appeared in 1730 in a folio 
Yolnine, with the fbllowing notice: 
" The Emendations in the new edi- 
« tion of Mr. Rymer's FcBdera arc 
" all printed in these sheets, for 
•< the nse of those gentlemen who 
'^ are possessed of the former edi- 
" tion, the pages of which are ex- 
" actly referred to in such a manner 
** that the reader may easily mark 
'* those alterations with his pen 
" which are made in the new 
** edition." On inspection << the 
*' Emendations " exhibit the faults 
which Rymer had committed in 
his own edition, and the merits 
of that superintended by Holmes. 
Dr. Clarke, however, retaliates upon 
Holmes: "we have sufficient proof 
'* that Holmes did not collate the 
** papers at the Tower with any 
" tolerable degree of care, from the 
**" Tery many omissions discovered 
*' on re-collation, not of words only, 
" but in many instances even of sen- 
^ fences." To test the troth of this 
charge I was employed to examine 
into the matter, and came to the 
conclusion that Dr. Clarke*s charge 
against Holmes was made without 
sufficient ground. 

2 Meaning by this '* papers and 



M 



(I 



U 



•( 



« 



(( 



" letters which disclose certain 
secrets of government, which it 
must be ever prudent to con- 
ceal, viz., the letters and com- 
munications of spies, for in such 
« a work the intelligence oommuni- 
" cated by a spy should never be 
" inserted, unless it tend to develop 
" some strong or important &et, 
« which, without such assistance, 
« would remain obscure and desti- 
tute of its diplomatic causes and 
consequences." An opinion so 
absurd as this would now be uni- 
versally condemned ; except as it 
applied to very recent events. It is, 
however, only fidr to Bymer to state 
that Dr. Clarke has produced no 
instance from the Fosdera of such 
transgression of official reserve. 

' This departure from his original 
design may possibly have arisen 
from the paucity of documents of 
an early period. From the com- 
mencement of his collection in the 
year 1101 to the beginning of the 
reign of John, there are but eighty- 
six documents. Of these, sixty-one 
are of the first Importance, sixteen 
of secondary, and nine which ought 
strictly to have been rejected. 

With the reig^ of John a new 
diplomatic era began, and the frdlest 
scope was afforded to Bymer in the 
selection of materials for his work,. 



PREFACE. 



Ivii 



founded, and are not strictly jnst^ considering the times 
when Rymer's labours appeared, yet on the 4th July 
1800 a Select Committee of the House of Commons 
was appointed to inquire into the state of the Public 
Becords of the kingdom. They report to the House 
that ''the State Papers published together in Rymers 
" Foedera form a most valuable collection. They com- 
" mence from the reign of Henry I., anno 1134, but they 
'^ do not come lower in date than the first six years 
of Charles II., during the usurpation ; and it appears 
to your Committee, that it may be very desirable 
to have this work completed by a supplementary 
" selection of such other important papers as were 
'' omitted by the original compilers, and also to have 
** it continued to the Revolution, or even to the acces- 
" sion of the House of Hanover.'' 

The Record Commissioners appointed to execute the 
measures recommended by the Committee gave their 
early attention to the subject, but made no public 



€t 



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it 



and it may be remarked that,tlirough- 
oat the rest of the first yolume and 
the -whole of the second, not one 
article in a hundred ought to hare 
been omitted, though certainly some 
of them may be considered as of a 
domestic character. In the succeed- 
ing Tolumes, however, documents 
relating to domestic affidrs gradually 
increase in number, until at the 
reign of Henry YHL they seem to 
equal the number of those which 
relate to political and commercial 
ai&irs. The changes in ecclesiasti- 
cal matters which occurred at that 
time receive important Illustrations 
from the records of that reign, and 
Rymer has not failed to call the 
Queen's attention to the fiiet. 

Dr. Adam Clarke, writing on 
this sulject, observes, ''From the 
" title of the Fosdera, the reader is 



<< led to expect nothing but Public 
'* Acts, but he finds a large proper- 
*' tion of the work to consist of 
*' Private Acts, both of an ecclesias- 
<< ticalandof a civil nature. These, 
** several intelligent persons think a 
*' blemish in the work, and should 
*' be omitted in a new edition, as they 
'' are in hostility to the title-page.*' 
Kymer, however, appears to have 
acted designedly. For instance, he 
has inserted various documents re- 
lating to Chaucer, which have fat- 
nished the principal materials for 
that poet's biography, but only one 
is consistent with the plan of the 
FcBdera (viz., the letters patent by 
which Chancer was commissioned to 
go to Genoa as one of the King's 
envoys). Still who would wish to 
see those documents removed from 
the collection ? 



Iviii PREFACE. 

aDQouncement of their proceedings until the appearance 
of their First General Report in 1812. Their secretary 
was directed to apply to the various Keepers of the Re- 
cords in the Tower, Chapter House, Rolls Chapel, 
State Paper, Privy Council, and Signet OflSces, for the 
purpose of ascertaining what records, instruments, and 
state papers were &i to be used as a supplement to 
Rymer's Foedera during the period of time which that 
work comprehends, and woxdd be available for a con- 
tinuation of it to the accession of George II. In March 
1808 Dr. Adam Clarke was appointed editor. He was 
desired to prepare a report on the best mode of car- 
rying the wishes of the Commissioners into effect ; and 
on the plan recommended by him. A new edition was 
undertaJ^en, which reached to the year 1391, and was 
comprehended in three volumes in six parts. 

The Rolls of Parliament extending from the reign of 
Edward the First to the first year of the reign of Henry 
the Seventh are comprised in six volumes folio, and were 
pubUshed at the expense of the nation pursuant to the 
order of the House of Peers on the 9th of March 1 767.' 
A general Index to the six volumes was published m 
the year 1832, after sixty-five years had been employed 
ia its formation. There can be no doubt that these 
Rolls are a most valuable and authentic source of con- 
stitutional and parliamentary history; indeed, it is 
questionable whether any other nation in Europe pos- 
sesses any materials for a history of their legislative 
assemblies at all comparable with these muniments. 

In the same year 1767, pursuant to an address of 
the House of Lords, His Majesty gave directions for 
the publication of Domesday Book. It was not com- 
menced until 1773, in consequence of the difficulty in 
determining whether it should be executed by moveable 
types or by engraving. As the president and council of 

> JoamaU of the House of Peers, toI. xacxi. 609 and 514. 



PBSFAOB. lix 

the Society of Antiquaries^ whose opinion had been 
requested by the Lords of the Treasury, had recom- 
mended that the work should be printed with the same 
abbreviations as occur in the original record, it became 
necessary to cast metal type especially for the work.^ 
Until then no type expressing the abbreviations in 
ancient records had been used. 

The editorship of the work was entrusted to Mr. Abra- ^ 
ham Farley, who had been familiar with the original 
book for upwards of forty years. It was completed 
in two volumes large folio in the year 1783, and 
was ten years in passing through the press. Indexes 
to the two volumes were commenced in 1800 and 
finished in 1811. A volume containing a general Intro- 
duction and Indexes was afterwards published in 1816, 
as well as another volume of Additamenta, making in 
all four volumes * 

In 1825, on the 10th of June, a commission wasi 
issued for printing and publishing the documents of 
the State Paper Office. The Commissioners published 
eleven volumes in quarto of the correspondence of the 
reign of Henry the Eighth. They committed, however, 
a grave mistake in classifying the papers under subjects, 
and not adopting a chronological arrangement. They 
assign as the reason for this departure from a rule, abso- 
lutely necessary to be observed in historical matters, 
that if the papers had been published in one chrono- 
logical series, letters on the same subject would fre- 
quently be placed at such a distance from each other, 
and so mixed with iiTelevant matter as to perplex the 



1 The fac-simile type was pro- 
jected by Mr. John Kichols and exe- 
cated by Mr. Joseph Jackson ; the 
whole of it was destroyed in the fire 
which consnmedMr. Nichols* print- 
ing otBee in Febroary 1808. 



' In 1833 an amplified Introdac- 
tion to Domesday, with improved 
Indexes, was published imder the 
direction of the Record Commis- 
stoners in two toIs. Sto., edited by 
Sir Henry Ellis. 



I 



Ix PREFACE. 

general reader. The following division was, therefore, 
agreed on, as best adapted for this reign : — 

I. The correspondence between the King and Car« 

dinal Wolsey. 
II. That between the King and his other Ministers 
at home. 

III. That between the Government of England and 

Ireland. 

IV. That between the Government and the King's 

Representatives on the Scottish border. 
y. That between the Government and the King's 
Representatives at Calais and its dependencies. 
VI. That between the Court of England and Foreign 
Courts, each forming a separate subdivision. 
VII. Miscellaneous. 
So, instead of one chronological arrangement, they made 
no less than seven grand divisions, besides sub-divisions, 
each with its separate chronological arrangement ; 
while every advantage contemplated by the Commis- 
sioners might easily have been secured by a common 
index. The arrangement was found so inconvenient, 
that the Commissioners were obliged to modify their 
plan and reduce it to five divisions. 

The want of Calendars to the Public Records had long 
been a just cause of complaint, and though the various 
Record Commissions which were issued from 1800 to 
1831 especially recommended the formation and publi- 
cation of Calendars and Indexes to the public muniments, 
yet, strange as it may appear, the Commissioners never 
completed a single Calendar or Index to any of the 
Records. It is true they printed several imperfect 
Calendars which were found in some of the oi&ces, but 
even those were not corrected, and abound with errors 
and imperfections. 

The Master of the Rolls knew from experience that 
the Public Records were comparatively useless with- 
out Calendars, and pressed upon the Government the 



PREFACE. 1x1 

necessity of compiling catalogues of the diplomatic 
papers, in confonnity with the recommendationB made 
by two Select Committees of the House of Commons 
in 1800 and 1836. 

It will be seen by the evidence of the most compe- 
tent scholars and historians, taken before the Committee 
of ]836> that they considered this preliminary work 
as having a claim upon the attention of the Govern- 
ment beyond all others ; and they expressly stated that 
such Calendars, if sufficiently comprehensive, would be 
of the greatest advantage to all subsequent historians. 
The proposition of the Master of the Bolls was readily 
assented to by the Lords of the Treasury, and expe- 
rienced scholars have for seven years been engaged upon 
this important work. The result has been, that twenty 
volumes have been published and nine volumes are now 
in hand, of which a list wiU be foimd in the Appendix. 
The collection, when completed, will extend to the year 
1688. 

§ 
I cannot conclude these remarks without claiming 
the attention of those who are interested in the history 
of this country to the materials existing for that pur- 
pose on the continent and in private libraries in England. 
Many manuscripts BtUl remain to be examined and 
described. But access to these collections has always 
been a matter of difficulty, and not unfrequently of 
impossibility. There exists in this kingdom a vast 
mass of manuscripts, some the property of noblemen 
and gentlemen, others belonging to public societies, still 
unexplored, and the contents of which are, for prac- 
tical purposes, wboUy unknown. On the continent 
the difficulties in obtaining a knowledge of the histo- 
rical manuscripts that exist are much greater and more 
numerous than in England. France alone possesses 
110 libraries containing MSS. ; Italy has 71 ; Spain 28 ; 
Belgium 18 ; Germany and Switzerland 21 ; Portugal 7 ; 
and Holland 4. With the exception of a few in Germany, 
VOL. I. e 



bdi 



PREFACE. 



none of these possess printed catalogues upon which any 
reliance can be placed. Some have no catalogues at all, 
some only of a portion of their stores ; whilst of one 
of them, containing nearly 40,000 MSS., no catalogue 
is permitted to be made in obedience to the will of the 
founder, Cardinal Fi'ederick Borromeo. The paucity of 
catalogues, and the inaccuracy and ignorance displayed 
in the formation of those that have been compiled, are 
nob the only obstacles to a correct knowledge of the 
treasures of foreign archives. The archives themselves 
are under the control of the Ministers, and much caution 
and deference have to be used towards their custodians 
to obtain access. Nor can foreigners themselves be 
trusted for an account of the manuscripts they possess, 
or of their importance, when those manuscripts bear 
upon the History of England. However learned and 
able they may be, their estimates of manuscripts under 
their care are no criterion of the relative worth of the 
documents. 

In France, for example, there are, as has been already 
stated, no fewer than 110^ libraries containing manu- 
scripts. Of these the Biblioth&que Imperial in Paris 
possesses a rich store relating to our history. These 
form a distinct department, but such catalogues as exist 
are regarded as the private property of the librarian, 
and are not produced to the public. Nor are these to be 
depended on ; omissions and erroneous descriptions are 
endless, in addition to which many manuscripts of 
value are uncatalogued. Connected with British history 
there are no less than 595 works and collections. 
But these works are by no means all that the library 
contains, many remain still undescribed. Of some of 
these the following notices may prove not unacceptable 
to my readers. 

In the Public Library of Poitiers there is a collection 



1 Of this number there are 30 
Libraries in France, cxclusire of 
the Imperial Library at Paris, "which 



contain more than 500 manu- 
scripts ; one Library has as many 
as 5,000, and several beyond 1,000. 



PREFACE. Ixiii 

of letters from Elizabeth, James I., and his minister 
Salisbury, with answers by Sully and others. 

In the Imperial Library at Paris is Sir William Potty's 
Survey of Ireland, a vast work in two voliunes, in large 
folio. It consists of maps divided into provinces, coun- 
ties, and baronies, in which cities, towns, villages, parish 
churches, seats, farm houses, rivers, streams, hills, mo- 
rasses, woods, roads, boundaries of counties, baronies, 
estates, and even the smallest patches of land are set 
down,^ 

The same library contains that remarkable work 
entitled, '' Histoire Q^n^rale de la Grande Bretagne, 
** par Jehan de Waurin, Chevalier, Seigneur de Forestel, 
''- filsbatard deBobert de Waurin, Chevalier, Seigneur 
" de Waurin, Lilliers, et Malony, continue jusqui la 
" Bataille d'Azincour, oh. se trouvait aussi le dit Jehan 
" de Waurin/' This chronicle is full of beautiful illu- 
minations, not less admirable for their design and 
colouring than valuable for the instruction, they give 
in the arts and habits of those times. The contemporary 
portion of the work is copious, and the details of the 
battle of Azincourt are of the highest interest and 
authority. 

The Chronicle of Henry of Marlborough, extending 
from the Incarnation to the year 1421, is not to be 
found in any library in the United Kingdom, except 
in two comparatively modem manuscripts; one in the 
Cottonian collection (Vitellius, E. v. 29), a transcript 
by Laurence Noel, and the other in Trinity College, 
Dublin (I. 115). An early copy of this Chronicle has 
long been a ' desideratum, and all our libraries have 
been searched for it in vain, but strange to relate, 
within these few days last past a contemporaneous 
manuscript^ perhaps the author's autograph, has been 
discovered in a provincial Ubraiy in France under an 
erroneous title. 



^ There are two Yolumes of a similar Survey in the Public Kccord Olllce. 

e 2 



Ixiv PREFACE. 

Another copy of the " Encomium Emmae " has 
lately been discovered in France. It differs materially 
from Duchesne s text, which was taken from a manu- 
script lent to liim by Sir Robert Cotton. That manu- 
script cannot now be found either in France or in England. 
The French manuscript omits much that is to be found 
in the printed text. These omissions affect those portions 
which throw discredit upon the accuracy of the work 
as it stands at present. Until a careful collation has 
been made of the printed text witli the manuscript in 
question, we must suspend our judgment as to the 
value of the narrative printed in Duchesne. 

The manuscript of William of Poitiers was also lent 
to Duchesne by Sir Robert Cotton, but its place of 
deposit is not now known. 

The Gesta Stephani, also printed by Duchesne from 
a manuscript belonging to the archbishop of Laon, is 
no longer to be found in the library belonging to that 
cathedral. 

The celebmted Chronicle of Aethelweard, printed by 
Bavile in 1596 from a Cottonian MS., " vetustus et 
" pulchenime scriptus," is not known to exist. It is 
supposed to have been the manuscript which was de- 
stroyed in the Cottonian fire in 1731. Another copy 
of the Chronicle probably exists in some collection abroad, 
which may be hereafter disinterred. 

Giraldus Cambrensis is well known to those who are 
acquainted with English bibliography, to have written 
a treatise entitled ** Invectionum Libellus,*' but no 
manuscript containing it was known until Dr. Greith 
discovered one in the Vatican Library, in the collection 
of Christina, Queen of Sweden. 

In the Vatican Library, and in the same collection, 
there was a manuscript entitled " Anonymi Draco 
'^ Normannicus; versus continent historiam Matliildis 
'* Imperatricis Francorum, Anglorum, et Normannorum." 
This curious and unique manuscript^ which equally relates 
to the history of France and England during the twelfth 



PREFACE. 



Ixv 



century, is not now to be found in the Vatican. The 
French Grovemment, through the medium of M. la Porle 
du Theil, made a fruitless search for it, and subse- 
quently the Cardinal Dugnani informed Don Brial 
that the most careful search had been made for it 
by persons who were well acquainted with the library, 
but without any favourable result. 

A life of Ethelwold, bishop of Winchester, by Aelfiic 
[archbishop of Canterbury], has lately been discovered 
by Mr. Stevenson in a unique manuscript in the Im- 
perial Library at Paris. 

The same library likewise contains the Pontifical of 
Ecgbert, archbishop of York^ [A.D. 732-7C6]. Other 
libraries are similarly rich in MS. treasures. 

In the library at Utrecht there is a Psalter of the 
greatest value, executed in Anglo-Saxon times, and 
containing numerous illuminations,* which certainly 
was once in the Cottonian collection (Claudius, C. vii.) 

In the Imperial Library at Paris there is a fine 
manuscript of the twelfth century, written in columns, 
containing a Latin text of the Psalms on the left 
hand, with an Anglo-Saxon version on the right. 

To the Royal Library at Stockholm belongs the cele- 
brated MS. known as the Codex Aureus. It contains 
an Anglo-Saxon inscription to the effect that the ealdor- 
man Aelfred and Werburga his wife purchased the book 
from a heathen with their clean money, viz., pure gold, 
and they did so for God's love, their souls' health, 
and because they were unwilling that the holy book 
should continue any longer among the heathen. 
They gave it to Christchurch, for the praise, glory, 
and honour of Qod, and in thankfulness for His 
sufferings. They wish it to be used by the holy 
brotherhood daily performing divine worship there, on 
the condition that it be read every month for the 



■ Printed by the Surtees Society 
iD 1853. 
' Tracing of some of these draw- 



ings are to be found in the addi- 
tional MS. (22,291), in the British 
Museum. 



Ixvi 



PREFACE. 



health of the souls of Aelfred, Werburga, and Alhtli- 
17th, BO long as it please Ood that baptism shall pre • 
vail in that place. Aelfred and Werburga pray and 
beseech in the name of Almighty Qod and of aU 
saints that no one be so presumptuous as to give or 
alienate this holy book from Christchurch so long as 
baptism shall endure. 

In the Biblioth^ue des Dues de Burgogne at 
Brussels are two ecclesiastical pieces entitled *' Canones 
^* editi sub Eadgaro Rege," and " Poenitential Et^berti, 
'* Archiepiscopi Eboracensis, liber quartus," which vary 
considerably from the editions published by Lambard 
and Wilkins. The MS. was written at different times 
during the tenth or eleventh centuries. 

In the same library is a '' Glossarium Latino- Anglo- 
" Saxonicum," containing many words which do not 
elsewhere occur, and many orthographical variations 
interesting to the philologist. In this collection is a 
MS. of Aldhemus de Virginitate, with Anglo-Saxon 
glosses, written in the ninth or tenth centuries. 

In the library of the cathedral church of Vercelli 
is a manuscript of the eleventh century, consisting of 
135 quarto leaves, containing 21 homilies in Anglo- 
Saxon : the Legend of St. Andrew, in metre; the 
Fates of the Twelve Apostles, in metre; the latter 
part of a short poem containing Runes ; the De- 
parted SouFs Address to the Body, in metre;* a 
Metrical Fragment on a Moral and Religious subject; 
the Holy Rood, a Dream, in metre ; a Tract of St. 
Isidore ; the Invention of the Holy Cross, in metre ;* 
and a fragment of the Anglo-Saxon version of Felix of 
Croyland's Life of St. Guthlac, as in MS. Cott. Ves- 
pas. D. xxi. 



> The first part of this poem is 
contained in the Exeter MS., though 
with considerable T&riations from 
the VerceUi MS. 



2 Probably a paraphrase of the 
homily " De Inventione Crucis," in 
MS. Bodl See Wanley, G3. 



PBEFACE. Ixvii 

In the Imperial Library at Paris is a Pontificale of 
the cburoh of Sherbum, written in the tenth century, 
containing ample forms for various episcopal ceremonies 
in Latin, and two Anglo-Saxon Homilies on the de- 
dication of a chtirch. 

In the monastery of St. Qall in Switzerland are 
several MSS. written by Irish monks, as well as Latin 
MSS. with glosses in the Irish language. 

In the national archives in France, as well as those 
of other states, there exist counterparts of treaties 
which have issued from this countiy. During the period 
anterior to the regular enrolments of the English 
Chancery we are indebted to chronicles and other 
fortuitous sources for some of the few political in- 
struments that are known, while perhaps the treaties 
themselves are extant abroad. 

The foregoing remarks will be sufficient to show 
that the libraries on the continent contain many 
works — some of them unique — connected with our 
history and literature, written by Irish and Anglo- 
Saxon scribes, which are unknown to English stu- 
dents in general. 

It is by no means difficult to account for these 
things. Many Irish ecclesiastics lefb their country for 
the purpose of planting Christianity among the tribes 
that occupied the middle and western parts of Europe, 
and some of the most ancient monasteries in those 
i^ons owe their origin to Irish monks. The inter- 
course which .prevailed, both here and on the continent 
during the middle ages, among the various monastic 
orders, the restless activity which pervaded the whole 
body, and the frequency with which they visited and 
entertained each other, naturally lead us to infer that 
imder such circumstances a large interchange of literary 
wealth must have taken place. As we find in England 
manuscripts of the highest value to the literature 
of foreign countries, so may we expect to discover 
in the libraries of our neighbours materials equally 



Ixviii 



PREFACE. 



important for our own history. It, therefore, seems 
incumbent that some steps should be taken to ascertain 
what foreign libraries contain historical materials relating 
to ourselves, in the same manner as other nations have 
for a long time, and at considerable expense, prosecuted 
researches, and made transcripts of documents in our own 
libraries and archives. 



As early as the year 1763 ' the French Government, 
availing itself of the peace between France and Great 
Britain, sent M. de Brequigny into England, with a 
staff of seven assistants, for thq purpose of taking copies 
of all papers and documents relating to the history 
of France that had been deposited in the Tower of 
London. This work occupied several years. The result 
was a most valuable and interesting collection (filling 
150 volumes) of documents relating to the provinces 
of France during the period they were under English 
domination.^ 

The French Revolution suspended these researches 
in England.' Some years ago, however, the study of 
the sources of history was revived, and the Government 
found it expedient to encourage and foster it. During 



> The authors of the ** Nouveau 
" Traite de Diplomatique" (i. 102), 
state that MM. Esnault and Le- 
prevost -were sent into England as 
early as the year 1674 by I/)uis XFV. 
to copy such documents as His 
Majesty required ; but M. Jules 
Delpit (Documents Franyaia en 
Angleterre, torn. i. p. xi. Introduc- 
tion) produces proof that the object 
of this mission was to search for 
documents which might be useful to 
the Commander and Knights of the 
Order of St Lazarus of Jerusalem. 

* M. de Brequigny published the 
result of researches in England re- 
lative to the history of France in 
the 87th toI. of the **U&mirta de 



<i 



rAcademie Royale des Inscrip- 
" tions et Belles Lettres," p. 528. 

• In 1776 M. La Porte du Tbiel 
was sent into Italy to search for 
historical monuments illustrative of 
the history of France, and returned 
with about 18,000 pieces, shedding 
light on European history during 
the 13th and 14th centuries. Mabil- 
Ion was also sent by the French Go- 
vernment in 1G80 on a literary tour 
in Lorraine. In 1682 he went into 
Burgundy, Normandy, and Italy. 
In 168.5 to Germany ; in 1698 to 
Tours and Angers; and in 1701 to 
Clairvaux, to collect materials illus- 
trative of the historical literature of 
France. 



PREFACE. Ixix 

the period that M. Quizot was the minister of Public 
Instruction, he drew the attention of his sovereign to 
this subject* He pointed out that for some years past 
men of great research, great learning, and unflinching 
industry had turned their attention to the subject ; some 
had penetrated into the vast depository of the Boyal 
aix;hives ; others into the collection of manuscripts in the 
Royal Library, and many into the libraries and archives 
of the provinces. Scarcely a day passed without some 
one, anxious for the progress of science and the literary 
glory of France, expressing regret that the labour and 
expense of exploring the mines of literary wealth with 
which France abounded should be left to private 
enterprise. He showed that notwithstanding the ex- 
ertions of the '^ Acaddmie Royale des Inscriptions et 
" Belles Lettres,'' founded in 1668, and '*La Soci^td de 
rHistoire de France," established in the year 1833, 
the results of their labomrs were but partial and their 
publications limited. He urged that the Government 
alone had the power to accomplish the grand work of a 
general publication of the most important materials for 
the history of the country; and that every day of 
delay rendered the task more difficult to be accom- 
plished. He, moreover, pointed out the somrces which 
ought to be investigated, and in what manner the 
great work ought to be undertaken. The King of 
France was favourable to the scheme, and the sum of 
5,000L a year was unhesitatingly devoted to its ful- 
filment; agents were despatched into the various 
kingdoms to collect materials ; and the results of their 
several labours were printed. Gentlemen of well-known 
learning were sent to England, Brussels, Rome, Spain, 
and into the various departments of France, to search 
their libraries and archives. 

M. Francisque Michel * was despatched to England 



^ The object of his mission vas I our archives. During a residence 
to explore onr libraries rather than | of three years he transcribed a 



Ixx 



PKEFACE. 



to examine the manuscripts in the British Museum, 
in Oxford, and Cambridge, and to take notes of or 
transcribe whatever appeared important for the histoiy 
or the ancient literature of France of which copies did 
not exist in that kingdom. 

On the return of M. Michel to Paris, the French 
Government sent to England M. A. Teulet, specially 
charged to make researches in our libraries. The results 
of his labours have not been made publia 

M. Jules Delpit was also dispatched to search the 
muniments in Guildhall for matters relating to the 
principal communes of France, and for documents 
which might be valuable for the history and national 
literature of that empire. He has published an in- 
teresting account of his labours in England^ 

Germany was already busy in the same field of 
literature. Dr. Pertz, in prosecution of his great national 
work, a complete collection of the sources of German 
history, set out on his literary journey into Italy for 
the purpose of collecting notices of manuscripts in 
Nov. 1821, and remained there till August 1823. His 
report on this journey forms a volume of more than 
800 pages .« 

Between the 15th October 1826 and the 3rd of 
November 1827, he visited the libraries of Paris and 
Brussels, those of the British Museum, Lambeth, Cam- 
bridge, Oxford, Middle Hill, Durham, and Stowe. In 
1833 he confined his researches to Germany, and in 



large number of MSS. -which he 
found in the principal libraries in 
England and Scotland. He pub- 
liahcd a detailed account of his 
labours in t-wo reports, addressed 
successiyely to the Ministers of 
Public Instruction in 1834 and 1837, 
which form part of the collection of 
" Documents inedits sur rUistoire 
de France." 



* Collection generale des Docu- 
ments Fran9ai8 qui se trouyent en 
Angleterre, recueilles et publies par 
Jules Delpit Paris, 1847. 4to. 

- A work of this kind seems 
absolutely necessary for England ; a 
similar one was commenced, though 
not finished, in France, under the 
title of ** Table Chronologique des 
" Diplozoesy*' by Brequigny. 



PSEFAGE. Ixxi 

183S he visited the libraries in the Netherlands. In 
1837, Savoy and Switzerland were searched. 

In 1836, Dr. Lappenberg visited England and Ireland 
for materials for a history of the Hanse Towns. 

Between the years 1836 and -1839, Dr. Waitz, the 
coadjutor of Dr. Pertz, visited Copenhagen, Montpellier, 
Avignon, Lyons, Dijon, Troyes, Chalons, Paris, Luxem- 
burg, Treves, &c. 

§ 

Notwithstanding the liberality of the Government in 
accepting the plans of the Master of the Bolls, something 
yet remains to complete the great work so desirable to 
be accomplished. Many of the possessors of valuable 
but hitherto unavailable manuscripts are disposed, had 
they the necessary means, to make the contents of their 
libraries known to the world. Their stores of literary 
wealth can be made of use only under the auspices 
and through the instrumentality of the Qovemment. 
K an unpaid Commission were formed for the purpose 
of ascertaining the contents of libraries belonging to 
noblemen and gentlemen, as well as to public societieis ; 
power might be given to the Commissioners to issue 
circular letters, and call public attention to the expe- 
diency of collecting materials illustrative of British 
history, inviting noblemen, gentlemen, and corporate 
bodies — ^lay as well as ecclesiastical — ^to assist in this 
desirable object. Upon the expression of a willingness 
to allow the contents of any collection to be made 
public, it might be left to the Commissioners to employ 
competent persons to form catalogues and reports. The 
persons to whose courtesy the pubUc would thus be 
indebted should be put to no expense whatever. It 
need scarcely be remarked that everything like legal 
documents, title-deeds, and papers relating to private 
and family matters, would be excluded. Until the 
contents of these private and semi-private collections 



Ixxii 



PREFACE. 



are ascertained, it will be impossible to compile a correct 
catalogue of historical documents.^ 

If the Qovemment would place a small annual sum 
at the disposal of these Comnussioners, additional agents 
might also be sent into France, Italy, and Germany^ 
and a certain number employed in England for the 
purpose of ascertaining what manuscripts are to be found 
in public and private libraries relating to British lite- 
rature generally. No private individual, however great 
his zeal, could be expected to carry on these investi- 
gations at his own expense ; and indeed, were one so 
inclined, a wealthy and proud country like England 
should scruple to accept such services. Time, labour, 
and money would be required for the purpose. The 
scheme to be successful must be worked by the Govern- 
ment, in order to carry weight with and gain the 
assistance of foreign powers in the undertaking. 

M. Guizot, in urging a similar undertaking on his Go- 
vernment, justly remarks : ** Au Gouvernement seul il 
'' appartient, selon moi, de pouvoir accomplir le grand 
'' travail d'une publication g^ndrale de tons les mat^- 
*' riaux importants et encore inedits sur Thistoire de 



* A single instance irili be suf- 
ficient to show how needful it is that 
the contents of private libraries in 
this kingdom, so far as historical 
manuscripts are concerned, should 
be made public. The Chronicle of 
John de Oxenedes was selected by 
the Master of the Rolls for publica- 
tion among the Chronicles and Me- 
morials of Great Britain. One of 
the reasons for selecting that work 
was its being unique. In the same 
manuscript with that Chronicle was 
a mutilated fragment of a Chronicle 
of St. Benet Ilolmc, the monastery 
with which John de Oxenedes was 
connected. This fragment, almost 
unintelligible from its incomplete 



ness, was printed in the same vo- 
lume as an appendix, in the hope 
that it might lead to the discovery 
of any other copy of it that might 
exist. It had the desired effect ; a 
volume was discovered in the col- 
lection of his Grace the Duke of 
Newcastle, containing both the 
Chronicles in a perfect state. It has 
consequently been considered ex- 
pedient to print the complete Chro- 
nicle of St Benet Holme as another 
appendix to the volume. The New- 
castle manuscript also contains some 
important paragraphs which do not 
occur in the manuscript in the 
British Museum. 



PBEFACE. Ixxiii 






notre patrle. Le Gouvernement seul possfede les res- 

sourees de tout genre qu exige cette vasfce entreprise. 

Je ne parle meme pas des moyens de subvenir aux 
** d^penses qu'elle doit entrainer ; mais, eomme gardicn 
'* et d^positaire de ces legs pr6cieux des siecles passes, 
'* le Qouvemement peut enricher une telle publication 
** dune foule d'^laircissements que de simples par- 
" ticuUers tenteraient en vain d'obtenir. C est la une 
" oeuvre toute lib^rale, et digne de la bienveillance de 
*' Yotre Majesty pour la propagation de Tinstruction 
" publique et la diiiusion des lumiferes/* 

In the course of these pages I have had occlusion to 
speak of the exertions made by foreign Governments 
to supply the world with the contents of their public 
muniments and their historical aunals. It would argue 
a want of candour and, indeed of justice on my part 
were I to close these pages without expressing my 
sincere appreciation of the earnest efforts that have 
been made by the Government of my own country in 
the same direction. For the various noble works under- 
taken by the nation, in the present centuiy, for the 
promotion of historical literature^ my readers must 
admit that England has good reason to be proud of 
those among its ministers to whom it is indebted for 
publications of such great value and importance. 

Under the late Record Commissions, the country 
liberally devoted about 500,000i. to the classificiition 
and arrangement of its muniments and the publication 
of the national archives^ and, under the superintendence 
of the present Master of the Rolls, it has granted 4,500i. 
yearly for the publication of Calendais of State Papers 
and of our Domestic Annals. Connected with both un- 
dertakings, and a Record Officer of 43 years' experience, 
I can bear testimony to the fact that no proposition 
for advancing the cause of English History has been 
submitted to the Government which has not received 
the most patient consideration, and, whenever important 
and practicable, its cordial co-operation and support. 



Ixxiv PBEFACB. 

Every one who has either written or edited a book 
must have been deeply indebted during its progress to 
the courteous assistance of friends, and must have felt it 
a pleasing task to acknowledge his obligations. For 
myself I owe thanks to many. 

To my long-tried friend, the Rev. J. S. Brewer, 
Preacher at the Rolls, I am singularly obliged for most 
valuable assistance, such, indeed, as no scholar less 
eminent could have rendered me. 

To the Rev. Joseph Stevenson I owe a double debt of 
gratitude, for he has not only given me the benefit of his 
learning, his experience^ and his judgment, but spon- 
taneously placed in my hands his valuable collection of 
notices of manuscripts in England and on the Con- 
tinent, upon which he had laboured for a quarter of a 
century, with the intention of publishing them himself. 
My warmest thanks could never express my appreciation 
of his disinterested generosity. But for Mr. Stevenson's 
and Mr. Brewer's continued encouragement, I should 
long ago have abandoned my task as hopeless. 

I have to offer my warm thanks to Miss Petrie for the 
loan of the manuscript collections of her late uncle, 
Mr. Petrie, my venerated instructor and friend. His 
labours have lightened mine; his researches have 
been my guide through many an intricate inquiry, 
which I should have prosecuted in vain without the 
benefit of his genius, which has outlived his life. I 
need hardly say that without such aid the present 
work would have been deprived of a great portion of 
its value. 

To Mr. Edward Bond, Assistant Keeper of the Manu* 
scripts in the British Museum, I am indebted for the 
loan of a classified catalogue, prepared by himself, of all 
the manuscripts in our great national establishment ; and 
whilst mentioning Mr. Bond, I ought not to forget my 
obligation to Sir F. Madden^ the Chief of the Manuscript 
Department, nor to Mr, N. E. S. A. Hamilton, for acts 
of courtesy and kindness during the progress of this 



PBBFACB. IXXV 

work. My thanks are also especially due to Mr. H. T. 
Biley for many valuable suggestions and other kind 
assistance ; also, to Mr, John Edwards, whose know- 
ledge, on all matters connected with the affairs of the 
Public Record Office, has been of great assistance to me. 

I have also to thank the Rev. H. R Luard, Registrary 
of the University of Cambridge ; the Rev. J. E. B. Mayor, 
of St. John's College, Cambridge ; the Rev. T. B. Wilkinson, 
of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge ; the Rev. H. 0. 
Coxe, Librarian of the Bodleian ; the Rev. W. D. Macray, 
of the Bodleian ; and many others. 

To Mr. W. B. Tumbull I am indebted for the loan of 
scarce and valuable books which I shoidd have had 
great difficulty in obtaining, except from his rare collec- 
tions, which he courteously threw open to me. 

I cannot close this long list of obligations without 
acknowledging the efficient service rendered by my 
young friend and amanuensis, Mr. Stuart Moore, whose 
assiduous attention is worthy of all praise. 

%* The remaining portion of the '* Descriptive Cata- 
logue,'' from the Norman Invasion to the end of the 
reign of Heniy VII., is prepared for press^ and will be 
printed aa soon as possible. 

T. DuFFus Hardy. 
Rolls House, 30th June 1862. 



DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE. 



VOL. J. f 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



Na , Pa^e 

1 . Nicolai Triveti Aonales, ab Origine Mundi ad Christum - I 

2. Nicolai Treveth, ordinis Dominicanorum, Annales Mundi 

ad Christum natum, opus dicatum Hugoni, Cantuari- 
eusip ecclesiss Archidiacono, et Papas nxmcio iu Anglia 2 

3. Nicolai Treveth Chronicon Generale, ab orbe condito ad 

Natalem Christi, Hugoui, Cantuariensis ecclesisB Ar- 
chidiacono, nuncupatum - - - - 2 

4. Passio S. Albani Martyris (Saxonic^) - - - 3 

5. Yita S. Albani (Saxonic^) - - - - 3 

6. Yita S. Albani (Saxonice) - - - - 4 

7. Passio S. Albani Martyris - - - - 4 

8. Qulielmi Albanensis Coanobii monachi Passio S. Albani 

Martyris et S. Amphibali sociorumque, prsevia Epis- 
tola ad Simonem Abbatem, ex Anglico in Latinum 
sermonem conversa, cum Prologo • - - 4 

9. Passiones S. Albani Proto-martyris Anglorum, S. Am- 

phibali, et Bociorum ejus ; ex lingua Anglicana in 
Latinum translatse, per Willelmum monachum Alba- 
nensem - - - - - - -6 

10. Miracula S. Albani 7 

11. De Inventione S. Amphibali, sociorumque ejus - 7 

12. Yita S. Albani Proto-martyris Anglorum. et Amphibali, 

sociorumque ejus - - . - - 8 

13. Yita S. Albani per Willelmum monachum Albanensem - 8 

14. Passio S. Albani, Anglorum Proto-martyris, necnon 

Amphibali, et sociorum ejus. Item do Inventione 
S. Albani, etc. - - - - . - 9 

15. Miracula S. Albani, Anglorum Proto-martyris - - 10 

16. Inventio et Miracula S. Amphibali et sociorum ejus • 10 

17. Articuli Quinque ; bc. de Inventione S. Amphibali, &c. 

(Apographon manu recentiori; in charta) - - 10 

18. Yita SS. Albani et Amphibali, ex lingua Anglica in 

Latinum translata per Gulielmum Albanensem mo- 
nachum, ad Simonem. Anno 1170 - - • 11 

19. Miracula S. Albani 11 

20. De Inventione Sancti Amphibali - - - 11 

21. Passio S. Albani, ex Anglico sermone in Latinum versa 

per Grulielmum monachum S. Albani • - 11 

VOL. L g 



J 



Ixx: 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



No. 1^0 

22. Fassio Sancti Albani - - - - - 12 

23. Fassio S. Albani Martyris, x kal. Jul. - - - 12 

24. Yit89 et Fassiones SS. Albani et Amphibali, per 

Badnlphmn de Dunstaplia; versibus elegiacis - 12 

25. Yita B. Albani per Bobertum [Badnlphum] do Dun- 

staple, monacbum S. Albani, an. 1150, versibus ele- 
giacis decantata. Item ejusdem Boberti versus de 
Creatione hominis, de Faradiso, aliisque sacris ar- 
gumentis - • • - - - 13 

26. Yita B. Albani per Badulphum de Dunstaple - - 14 

27. Norman-French Foem on St. Alban and St. Amphi- 

baluB - - - - - - -15 

28. De Inventione et Translatione S. Albani ; in octo elec- 

tiones - - - - - - -16 

29. De Inventione et Translatione S. Albani - - 16 

30. Tract on the Invention of St. Amphibalus [anno 1177] 

and his Miracles - - - - - 17 

31. A Fragment relative to St. Alban and St. Amphi- 

balus --..-.- 17 

32. A Tract on the Miracles of the Belies of St. Amphi- 

balus - - - - • • - 18 

33. Tractatns de Nobilitate, Yita, et Martyrio SS. Albani 

et Amphibfikli, e GkJlico in Latinum translatum - 18 

34. Tractatns de Yita, Nobilitate, et Martjrrio Sanctorum 

Albani et Amphibali, de quodam GhJlico excerptus, 

et in Latinum translatus • - - - 19 

35. De Sancto Albano Martyre - - - - 20 

36. De Sancto Amphibalo Martyre - - - - 20 

37. Yita S. Albani - 21 

38. Yita S. Albani 21 

39. De Sancto Amphibalo 22 

40. Yita S. Albani 22 

41. Yita S. Albani Martyris 22 

42. Yita S. Albani - 23 

43. The Livis and Fassions of Scynt Albon and Soynt 

Amphibal, translated out of Fronssh. By Dan John 
Lidgate, at the request of Maister John Wheteham- 
stede, Abbot of Soynt Albon the year of our Lord 
1439 23 

44. Life of St. Alban in English Yerse, by John Lyd- 

gate - * - - - - -23 

45. Lydgate's Lyf of Saint Albon and St. Amphibal - 24 

46. Legenda Albani - - - - - - 24 

46a. Seint Albon the Holy Martyr - - - - 24 

46&. Life of St. Albon 24 

46c. Yita S. Albani 25 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



Ixxxi 



No. PUge 

46^. Seint Albon - - - - - - 25 

47. Life of St. Alban, in verso, by Bobert of Gloucester - 25 

48. Vita S, Alboni - - - . - - - 25 

49. De Sancto Albano - - - - - 25 

50. De Sancto Albano - - - - - 25 

51. S. Aibani Passio 26 

52. Pasaio S. Aibani 26 

53. Passio S. Aibani Martyris - - - - 26 

54. De Sancto Albano Protomartyre, sub Diooletiano - 26 

55. Vita S. Aibani - - - . - - 27 

56. Vita S. Aibani 27 

57. Vita S. Aibani Martyris 27 

58. De Inventione et Translatione S. Aibani, et de Bege Offa 

fnndatore eoclesiss S. Aibani - - - - 27 

59. Qualiter non complacuit B. Albano aliter morari nisi ubi 

passns est - - • . • - 27 

60. Aibani Passio - - - - - - 28 

61. Vita 8. Aibani 28 

62. Passio S. Aibani 28 

63. Passio S. Aibani . - - - - - 28 

64. Passio S. Aibani Martyris Anglicani - - - 28 

65. Passio S. Aibani 29 

ee. Passio S. Aibani - - - - - - 29 

67. Passio S. Aibani 29 

68. Passio 8. Aibani 29 

69. Passio S. Aibani, Martjrris - - - - 29 

70. Miracula S. Aibani, Martyris - - - - 29 

71. HyninuB ad S. Albanum yersibus Leoninis expressus - 29 

72. Versus Leonini sexaginta ad S. Albanum - - 30 

73. Lectiones in Natali 8. Aibani Martyris - - - 80 

74. De incljrti et gloriosi protomartyris Anglias Aibani 

quern in Germania et Grallia AJbinmn Tocant, con- 
versione, passione, Translatione, et Miraculorum 

comscatione - - - - - - 30 

75. Miscellanea Compendia: de primatn Christianitatis in 

Britannia; de Martyrio 8. Aibani; de prima Ghris- 
tianitate Anglorum ; de longitudine jugeri ; de men- 
Buris terramm; de ponderibns; de Inventionibus et 

Translationibus 8. Aibani « • * - 30 

76. 8. Aibani Vita 81 

77. 8. Aibani Vita - - - - - - 81 

78. Vita 8. Aibani 32 

79. Legenda in Festo S. Aibani - - - - 32 

80. De Sancto Albano - - - - - - 82 

81. S. Aibani Martyris Historia - - - - 33 






2 



Ixxxii TABLE OF CONTENTS. 

No. Pftge 

82. Libellus, cnjus titnlus : Natiyitas, Vita, et ObituB Sancti 

Albani ; qui natos fait ex patre et filia, postea accepit 
matrem in uxorem, post base ocoidit patrem et 
matrem, demum sanctos - - • -33 

83. Vita et passio S. Albani - • • • - 33 

84. S. Albani Passio per Goswinnm monachum - - 33 

85. Cbronica Sanoti Albani, ab Adamo usque ad Maiiyrium 

S. Albani. Una cum narratione variarum Transla- 
tionum corporis ejusdem Albani • - - 34 

86. Excerpta ex Historia Sancti Albani, scripta tempore 

B. Hemici iii. et ex chartis Begum Anglo-Saxoni- 
oonun OfftB, Egfridi, w£thelredi, &c. AbbatiaB S. Albani 
concessis - - - - - - 34 

87. Yita S. Helenaa, matris Constantini Imperatoris, auctore 

Joscelino monacho de Fomesio - - - 34 

88. Vita S. Helenaa 35 

89. Vita Helenaa Imperatricis - - • -36 
89a. Vita et gestaSS., et gloriosorum, et pietatis amantium 

Magnorum Lnperatorum Constantini et Helenae et 
manifestatio venerabilis et Tivificas Crucis D. N. 
J. 0. - - - • - - - 36 

90-94. Vitae Constantini et Helenaj - - - - 36 

95. De Sancto Andrea - - - - - 36 

96. Narratio qualiter accident quod memoria Sancti AndresB 

Apostoli amplius in regione Fictorum, qun nunc 
Scotia dicitur, quam in caeteris regionibus sit: et 
quomodo contigerit quod tantae abbatiaa ibi factcB 
antiquitus flierint, quas multi adhuc saeculares viri 
jure haBreditario possident - - - - 37 

97. Vita S. Kebii, Meneyensis Episcopi - - - 37 

98. De Sancto Kebio, Episcopo et Confessore • - 38 

99. Vita S. Kebii 39 

100. Acta S. Melioris siye Melori - - - - 39 

101. Vita S. Melori 40 

102. De Sancto Meloro - - - - - 40 

103. Vita S. Melori, pueri et Martyris in Anglia - - 40 

104. Vita S. Dubricii, Archiepiscopi urbis Legionum - 40 

105. Vita S. Dubricii, Archiepiscopi urbis Legionum, auctore 

Benedicto monacho Claudiocestrensi - - - 42 

106. De Sancto Dubricio, Episcopo et Confessore - •43 

107. Vita S. Dubricii 43 

108. Qusedam gesta de Bege Arthuro ; ubi non pauca de 

S. Dubricio - - - - - - 43 

109. S. Dubricii Vita 43 

110. Vita S. Dubricii 44 



TABLE OP CONTENTa Ixxxiii 

No. Page 

111. Yita Niniani Fictomm Australiam Apostolic auctore 

Ailredo Bievallensi • - - - - 44 

112. Vita Sancti Niniani Episcopi et Confessoris, ab Ailredo 

Bieyallense Abbate de Anglico ia Latinnm translato 45 

113. De Sancto Niniano - - • - - 46 

114. Vita S. Carantoci GonfesBoria - - - - 46 

115. De Sanoto Carantoco Gonfessore - - - - 47 

116. Vita S. Grermani Aatissiodorensis auotore Gonstantio - 47 

117. Vita S. Germani Autiasiodorensis Epiacopi auctore Gon- 

atantio - - - - - - -49 

118. Yita S. Germani Autiaaiodorenaia Epiacopi a Gonatantio 

Epiacopo, et ab eodem ad Genaorium Epiacopnm 
directa - - - - -- -50 

118a. Yita S. Grermani, auctore Gonatantio - - - 50 

119. Yita S. Germani, auctore Errico monacho Autiaaiodorenai 50 

120. Miracula S. Grermani Autiaaiodorenaia a Gonatantio 

praetermiaaa, auctore Heirico: libri duo - - 51 

121. Sermo ejuBdem Heirici, in aolemnitate S. Germani 

recitandua • - - - - - 52 

122. Miracula S. Germani, auctore monacho Selebienai - 52 

123. Miracula S. Grermani Epiacopi - - - - 52 

124. Seiut Jerman, the holy Biaachop - - - 53 

125. Yita S. Gkrmani Epiacopi - • - - 53 
125a. Yita S. Grermani Autiaaiodorenaia Epiacopi - - 53 
1256. Yita S. Gkrmani Sazonic^ - - • - 53 

126. Yita S. Germani -..-.. 53 
127-130. Yita S. Germani Autiaaiodorenaia Epiacopi 53-54 
131^139. Yita S. Germani Autiaaiodorenaia Epiacopi auctore 

Gonatantio - - - - - 54, 55 

140 Yita et Miracula S. Germani Autiaaiodorenaia, auctore 

Heyrico, Monacho - - - - - 55 

141. Yita S. Germani Autiaaiodorenaia; auctore Gonatantio • 55 

142. Yita and miracula S. Germani Autisaiodorenaia - 55 

143. Yita et Miracula Bancti Germani Autiaaiodorenaia 

Epiacopi ; auctore Herico Monacho - - - 55 

144. Yita S. Germani Autiaaiodorenaia - - - 55 

145. Fn^mentum Yitao S. Germani Autiaaiodorenaia Epia- 

copi, veraibna hexametria - - - -55 

146. Gonatantii Freabyteri Yita 8. Germani Autiaaiodorenaia, 

cum ejuadem. Gonatantii Epiatola ad S. Genaurium 

Autusaiodorenaem de vita S. Germani - - 55 

147. Yita 8. Germani Epiacopi - - - - 55 

148. 8. Germani Epiacopi vita • - - - 56 

149. Yita Germani Epiacopi Autiaaiodorenaia - - 56 
150, 151. 8. Germani Autiaaiodorenaia Epiacopi vita per 

Gonstantium - - - - • - 56 



Ixxxiv TABLE OF CONTENTa 

No. Page 

152. Vita S. Grermani Episcopi AutdsBiodorensis, metrioe, 
aiLCtore Herico S. Grermani ejusdem nrbis Monacho ; 
cni operi prsBfigitor Epistola ejusdem Herici ad 
Carolnm CalYum. Cum Epistola A.imarii Episcopi 
Autissiodorensis ad Stephanum, Fresbytemm, et 
Stephani Besponsione ad Amiarium - - -. '56 

153-157. Yita Germani Episcopi Antissiodorensis - 56, 57 

158. EzcerptaexHistoria Ecclesiastica Bedte, de S. GrermaBO 
Antissiodorensi Episoopo, ejusque miractQis, et de 
adventu S. AaguBtim in Angliam - - - 57 

159-160. Fassio 8. Qermani Autissiodorensis Episcopi, 

auctore Constantio • - - - - 57 

161. Legenda in festo S. Grermani Autissiodorensis Episcopi 57 

162. S. Germani Autissiodorensis Yitae - - - 67 

163. Fontici Yernnnii BritannicaB HistorisB Libri sex - 57 
164r-166. Yita S. Clitanci Begis et Martyris - 58, 59 
167. Acta S. Fingaris sive Guigneri, et sociorum Martyrum 

in Britannia ad annum 460; auctore S. Anselmo 
Archiepiscopo Cantuariensi - - - - 59 

168-177. Yita Lupi Trecensis Episcopi - - 60-62 

178. Acta Synodus S. Fatricii, auxilii, et Isemini in 

Hibemia - - - - - - 62 

179. Synodus alia S. Fatricii, cujus annus baud liquet - 62 

180. Canones S. Fatricio ascripti • - - - 62 

181. Hymnus S. Fatricii Hibemisd Apostoli, S. Fieco 

Episcopo Sleptensi auctore - - - - 62 

182-1822). Yita S. Fatricii, auctore Joscelino de Pumesio 63-66 

183. Life of S. Fatrick (Hibemicfe) - - - - 65 

184. Yita Tripartita S. Fatricii, auctore (ut videtur) S. 

Evino - - - - - - - 65 

185. A Life of St. Fatrick compiled from the older Lives of 

that Saint (Hibemic^) - - - - - 66 

186. S. Fatrick's Hymn (Hibemic^) - - - - 66 

187. Yita S. Fatricii Episcopi - - - - 66 

188. B. Fatricii, primi prsBdicatoris et Episcopi totius 

BritannisB, vita et actus ; auctore Frobo - - 67 

189. Yita S. Fatricii, auctore (ut videtur) S. Elerano Sapiente 67 

190. Yita S. Fatricii, auctore (lit videtur) S. Fatricio juniore, . 

aliove magni Fatricii discipulo - - - - 67 

191-191a. Yita S. Fatricii - - - - 67, 68 

192. Life of Saint Fatrick, in verse, by Bobert of Gloucester 68 

193, 194. De sancto Fatricio Episcopo et Oonfessore - 68 
195-197. Yita S. Fatricii 69 

198. St. Fatrick's Life - - - - - 69 

199. Beatha naomh Fattraic, or Life of St. Fatric - - 69 

200. Yie de S. Fatrice - - - - - - 69 



TABLE OF CONTENT& Ixxxv 

No. Page 

201, 202. Vita S. Patrioii 70 

203. Qosedam de sancto Patricio - - . - 70 

204. De sancto Patricio - - . . - 70 

205. De S. Patrice Legenda - - - - - 70 

206. Vita S. Patricii 70 

207. Anonymi Carmina qnflBdam Anepigrapha de S. Patricio, 

Galpnmio, et Cellano - - - - - 70 

206. Prophetia S. Patris Patricii de Dublinia - - 70 

209. S. Patricii LibeUus 71 

210, 211. Gonfessio Sancti Patricii - - - - 71 

212. Legenda brevis de S. Patricio - - - - 71 

213. Frater Henricus Monachns de Saltera de Pnrgatorio, 

&o. ad DoTninnm Hesricum, abbatem de Sartis - 72 

214. Henrici de Saltereia de Pnrgatorio S. Patricii Liber - 72 

215. Pnrgatoriom S. Patricii - - - - •> 73 

216. Henrici de Saltereia Tractatns de Pnrgatorio S. Pa- 

tricii - - - - - - -73 

217. Narratio cnjnsdam Monaohi de Pnrgatorio S. Patricii, 

tempore Begis Stephani - - - - 74 

218. 219. De Pnrgatorio S. Patricii - - - -74 

220. Tractns H. MoncLchi de Saltereia de Pnrgatorio S. 

Patricii ; ad H. Abbatem de Sartis - - - 74 

221, 222. De Pnrgatorio S. Patricii - - - - 75 

223. Libellns de poenis Pnrgatorii, vulgo dictns S. Patricii 

Pnrgatorinm, prsevia Henrici monachi de Salteria 
Prsafatione - - - - - - 75 

224. Pnrgatorinm S. Patricii per qnod transivit qnidam 

miles nomine Oweyn praBvia epistola fratris H. 
monachi de Salteria - - - - - 76 

225. Henricns de Saltereia de Pnrgatorio S. Patricii - 76 

226. Henrici Salteriensis Narratio de Yisione cnjnsdam 

militis, Owein nomine, qni anno 1153 S. Patricii 
Pnrgatorinm visitavit - - - - - 76 

227. Liber de Gandio Paradisi Terrestris, more commonly 

called " St. Patrick's Pnrgatory " - - * - 76 

228. Le Pnrgatoire de S. Patrice - - - - 77 

229. Pnrgatorinm S. Patricii, narrante Gilberto monacho 

Lndensi, post Abbate de Basingewereck in Anglia • 77 

230. Yisio ejnsdem Fratris conversi in Anglia, qnsun habnit 

circa annum 1196 - - • - - 77 

231. Poeme dn Pnrgatoire de S. Patrice en Irlande, et 

antres relations fabnlenses par nn moine de Saltereie 77 

232. Opnsculnm a quodam monacho de Saltereia Abbati de 78 

Sartis nnncnpatnm : porro illiid opnscnlum inscribitnr 
Pnrgatorinm S. Patricii - - - - 78 



TABLE OF CX)NTENTS. 

No. Pftge 

233. De yita Sancti Patricii, — Hiraculnm de milite, nomine 

Owen, tempore Stephani Eegis Angliaa - • 78 

234. Henrici moriachi Saltereyensis narratio de ingressu 

militia Oweni vel Oeni in Pnrgatorinm S. Patricii - 7 

235. Opusculum de qaadam visione terribili, de suppliciis 

animamm post obitnm corporis : facta Edmnndo mo- 
nacho de Eynesham, regnante B. Bicardo - - 78 

235a-235&. Yisio Monachi de Eynsham - - 78,79 

236. De Purgatorio S. Patricii - - - - 79 
236a. Purgatorium Sancti Patricii Abbatis - - - 79 

237. Here begynneth the revelacon the which Willm Staun- 

ton saw in Patrickis Pnrgatorie the Friday next after 
the fest of the Exaltation of the Crosse in the yere of 
owre Lord m.cccc"*ix. - - - - 79 

238. Prooemium Memoriale super yisitatione Domini Lau- 

rentii Batholdi militis et baronis Hungarias, factum 
de Purgatorio Sancti Patricii in insula HibernitB - 80 

239. De S. Patricio et ejus Purgatorio - - - 80 
239a. Tractatus brevis, sed imperfectus, de Sancti Patricii 

Purgatorio - - - - - - 80 

2395. Narratio de Poenis Infemalibus 

240. Yita S. Patricii, Episcopi et Confessoris 

gatorio HibcmisB 

241. Tractatus S. Patricii de Purgatorio 

242. Purgatorium S. Patricii 

243. Liber de pcenis Purgatorii S. Patricii, ubi de ejus Yita 

et Miraculis - - - - - - 81 

244. Libellus de Purgatorio S. Patricii, quod est in Hibemia 82 

245. Purgatorium S. Patricii, sive Prophetisa ejusdem de 

statu EcclesisB - - - • • - 82 

246. Belatio de Purgatorio S. Patricii in Hibemia, auotore 

Petro Lombardo Hibemo, prasposito Cameracensis - 82 
247-264. Purgatorium S. Patricii - - - 82-84 

265-267. De Sancto Kynedo Confessore, auctore Johanne 

deTynemouth 84,85 

268, 269. Yita S. Tathei Confessoris - - - - 85 

270. Yita S. Endei Abbatis Aranensis - - -86 

271-274. Yita S. Gundlei, Regis et Confessoris - 87-89 

275, 276. Yita S. Benigni, Episcopi et Confessoris . - 89 

277. Chronioon Uniyersale ab Orbe Condito ad annum usque 

1186, auctore Gottofrido Yiterbienso - - - 90 

278. Historia Anglorum et Saxonum secundum Magistrum 

Gotifridum Yiturbicnsium - - - - 91 

279-281. Yita Sancti Bemachi Confessoris - 91, 92 

282-284. Yita S. Dtati Abbatis - - - 92, 93 



. 80 
Item de Pur- 

- 81 
. 81 

- 81 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. Ixxxvii 

No. Pago 

285-295. Vita S. ModwennaB - . - 94-100 

296. Catalogus Sanctorum in Anglia pausantinm et oriun- 

domm, quorum depositionem dies consequenter an- 

notantnr. . . . Habetprolixam satis S. Mod wennae 

vitam ------- 

297-299. Vita S. Keynae Virginis - - . -id 

300. Vita S. Firani, Episcopi et Confessoris - . . 102 

301. Vita S. Kiarani, Episcopi et Confessoris - . 102 

302. Vita S. Kiarani Episcopi - - . - 103 

303. Vita S. Kierani Episcopi Saigerensis ... 103 

303 a. Vita S. Kerani Fontificis de Sajgir • . . 103 

304. Vita S. Brioci 303 

304 a. Vita S. Winwaloci heremitsB - - . . 104 

305. 305 a. Vita S. Tigemachi Episcopi Hibemiaa - - 105 
306-351. Vita S. Brigidaa .... 105-116 

352. 352 a. Vita S.Albei Hg 

353. Do Sancto Justiniano, Marty re et Monacho - -117 

354. Vita S. Mochteei de Hibemia - - . . 117 

355. De S. Fetroco, Abbate et Confessore ... 127 
356-376. Vita Sancti.David, Episcopi ct Confessoris 118-124 
377-381. Vita S. Senani - - . . 124-126 
382. Vita S. Kiarani, sen Queroni junioris, primi Abbatis 

Clonmacnoiseiisis - - - . . 126 

383 Vita S. Tresani Fresbyteri ex Hibemia - - . 127 

384, 3846. Vita S. Pinani .... 127,128 

385, 386. Vita S. Finniani seu Finneni Abbatis - 328 129 
387-389. Vita S. Fatemi, Episcopi et Confessoris - 129, 130 
390, 391. Vita S. Teliavi Episcopi . . . 130-132 

392. De Sancto Theliao, Episcopo et Confessore - - 132 

393. Vita S. Elgari Heremitaa - . . . 132 
394r-397. Liber querulus Sancti Gild£B Sapientis de Excidio 

Britannis - - - . . 132-137 
398-406. Vita S. Maohuti, Maguti, Maclovii, Machutis, 

Machoti - • . . . 138-141 

409-422. Vita S. Samsonis Episcopi . . . 141-i4i 

423, 424. Vita Sanote It* vel Id» virginis - . 144 145 

425-427. Vita B. Oudocei Episcopi • - . 145' 146 

428-435. Vita et Fassio S. Cadoci . . . 14^151 

436-446. Vita S. Gildae Sapientis . . . 151-165 
446. Vita S. Molaisi alias Laseriani, Abbatis Daiminiensis 

sive Devenishensis - - - . . 155 

447-453. Vita S. Fauli Leonensis Episcopi . . 157 153 

454-456. Vita S. Maglorii Episcopi - . . 153' 159 

457. Vita S. Constantini, Regis et Monachi Scotire . .159 

468-470. Vita S. Brendani .... 159-164 



Ixxxviii 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



No. 

471, 4^2. yita S. Cronani, Abbatis Eoscreiensis in Hibernia 164 
473-476. Vita S. Ruadani, Abbatis de Lothra - 164, 165 

477. Vita S. Aedi Episcopi Midensis ... 165 

478. Vita S. Aidi Episcopi et Confessoris - - - 166 
479-498. Vita S. Oolumbee - . - . 166-174 
499-^2. Vita et Miracula S. Lethardi, Episcopi et Confes- 
soris ---.-- 176, 176 

503. De Ethelberti Baptismo per S. Augustinnm, et de 

Sanctis Virginibus e domo Ethelberti - - 176 

504. Historia Britonum, ad tempora B. Augnstini, Anglo- 

mm Apostoli ; per Gildam ; versn heroico - - 177 

505. Vita S. Baitheni Hiiensis Abbatis ... iTg 

506. De S. Lugido, sive Luano, sive Molua, Abbate Oluan- 

fertensi in Hibernia - - . - . 179 

507. Vita S. MoIujb Abbatis 179 

508-514. Vita Sanct89 Wenefreda9 Virginis et Martyris 179-184 
515-519. Vita, Miracula, et Translatio S. Yvonis - 184-186 
520-521. Vita S. Deolani Episcopi - - - 186, 187 

522. Vita S. Golveni, Episcopi Leonensis - - - 187 

52&-S25. Vita S. Leonorii, Episcopi et Confessoris - 187, 188 
526-530. VitsB Sancti Aidui, qui et Maidoci - - 188-190 

581-534. Vita Oongalli .... 190,' 191 

535, 536. Vita S. Fintani Abbatis - - - 191, 192 

537. De Dedicatione Ecclesiaa Westmonasterii per beatum 

Petrum Apostolum, Angelis eidem ministrantibus, 
nocte Dominica, xi. Kal. Aprilis, anno Domini 604 - 192 

538. Johannis Groscelini, Monachi Cantuariensis, Liber Am- 

plior de Adventu Bcatissimi Anglorum Apostoli, 
Augustini, Sociorumque ejus, in Britanniam ; et de 
ipsius virtutibus - - - - - 192 

539. Historia Major de Miraculis S. Augustini, Archiepis- 

copi Cantuariensis, auctore Goscelino Monacho - 194 

540. Historia Translationis S. Augustini, Archiepiscopi, 

Anglorum Apostoli, aliorumque Sanctorum qui in 
ipsius Monasterio Cantuariensi quiescebant, auctore 
Goscelino, cjusdem loci Monacho sequali - - 195 

541. Goscelini, Monachi S. Augustini Cantuariensis, His- 

toria Minor de Vita S. Augustini, Anglorum Apostoli 197 

542. Historia Minor de Miraculis S. Augustini, auctore 

Goscelino Monacho ..... 198 

543. Vita S. Augustini - - - - - 198 

544. De S. Augustino - - - - - 199 

545. Dc Ordinationo Sancti Augustini, et de ipsius Quaes- 

tionibus ad beatum Gregorium - ♦ - 199 

546. Miraculum S. Augustini - - - - 199 



TABLE OF CX)NTENTS. Ixxxix 

547. Sermo in Festivitate S. Angustini ... 200 

548. Vita S. Augnstini, Primi GantaariensiB Archiepiscopi : 

carmine Elegiaco - - - - 200 

549. Life of St. Augustine, in English Verse - - 200 

550. Qnoddam Miraculum almi Patris Angustini, Anglo- 

rum Apostoli et Cantuariensis Archiepiscopi • . 201 

551. Miraculum qnoddam S. Angustini, Apostoli Anglicani 201 

552. Translatio S. Augustim Cantuariensis • . . 201 

553. De S. Augustino, Archiepiscopo Cantuariensi - - 201 

554. S. Angustini, Anglomm Episcopi, Vita - - 201 

555. S. Angustini, Anglomm Episcopi, ad Grregorium 

Magnum Interrogationes, hujusque Eesponsiones • 201 

556. BedflB Presbyteri Chronica de Transitu, id est, Obitu 

S. Angustini -----. 202 

557. Vita S. Angustini, et Adventns ejus in Ccanobio 

Floriaco ...... 202 

558. Vita Angustini Episcopi - • . . 202 

559. S. Gregorii Pap», Primi, Epistolie ad res Anglicanas 

speotantes ----.. 202 

560. Vita S. Ghregorii PapsB, hujus nominis primi cogno- 

mento Magni, ad amium 604, auctore Paulo Diacono 203 

561. Vita S. Gregorii Magni, auctore Joamie Diacono, 

quatuor Libris scripta - - . . . 204 

562. Anglo-Saxon Homily, in commendation of Pope Ore* 

gory 205 

563-565. S. Gregorii Magni Yita • - - - 205 

566. Yita beati Petri, primi Abbatis Coenobii gloriosum 

Apostolomm Petri et Pauli, quod Cantuariaa situm 
est, auctore Eadmero ..... 20G 

567. Yita S. Kentigemi, Episcopi et Confessoris, qui et 

Inglaschu nominatur; auctore Joscelino, Monacho 
Fumesensi - - - - . .207 

568. De S. Kentegemo - - - . . 208 

569. Libellus de Yita et Miraculis S. Confessoris et Pon- 

tificis Kentegemi, a quodam monacho, rogatu sive 

intimatione Herberti Glasguensis, compositus . 209 

570. Yita S. Kentigemi . - - . . 209 

571. Yita S. Finiani, abbatis Surdensis in Hibemia - 209 

572. Yita S. Colmani, de Elo - - - i, 2IO 

573. Yita S. Columbani, abbatis Bobiensis, ad annum 615, 

auctore Jona, monacho Bobiensi ; una cum Appen- 
dice Miraculorum - - - - - 211 

574. Yita S. Columbani Abbatis, auctore Frodoardo Cano- 

nico Bemensi - - - - - -213 

575. Miracula S. Columbani, scripta a Monacho Bobiensi 

anonymo -.-.,. 213 



XC TABLE OP CONTEinS. 

No. Fafiie 

676. Vita S. Oolumbani 213 

577. De 8. Colnmbano Abbate .... 214 

678. Vita S. Columbani - - - - - 214 

679. Vita S. Ethelberti, Begis OontiaQ - - - 214 

680. De S. Ethelberto Bege - - - - - 216 

681. HistoriaDonatiomixn S. Ethelberti - - - 216 

682. De Bege iBthelberto, ejusque Progeme; Notationes 

de Sanctis qui in Anglica patria reqnieseunt • 216 

683. Vita S. Ethelberti Begis Cantiaa - - - 216 

684. Miraculum S. Ethelberti Begis et GonfessoriB, factum 

in Monasterio S. Augustini - - - - 216 
586. Compendiosa Descriptio Anglo-Sazonum et Begum 
Anglorum, a Vortigerno, yel anno 409, usque ad 

annum 616 - - - - - - 216 

686. Vita Coemgeni, vulgo Keivini, primi Abbatis Glen- 

delacensis, auctore anonymo - - . . 217 

687. Belatio Venerabilis Bedae de Sanctissimo Christi Con- 

fessore, Laurentio, Auglorum Archiepiscopo - 217 

688. De Sancto Laurentio, Archiepiscopo . - . 218 

689. Vita Laurentii Archiepiscopi, carmine Elegiaco - 219 

690. De S. Laurentio - - - - - - 219 

691. De Adventu Beati Melliti, Anglorum Archiepiscopi, * 

in Britanniam, et de ejus Virtutibus - - 219 

692. De S. Mellito, Archiepiscopo et Confessore - - 220 

693. De S. MelHto 220 

694. Vita Sancti Mellitd, Archiepiscopi Gantuariensis, car- 

mine Elegiaco - - - . . 220 
696. Hymnus in laudem Melliti, Archiepiscopi ; cum notis 

musicis antiquis - - - - . 220 
696. Vita S. Deicoli, Abbatis Lutrensis, auctore Monacho 

anonymo, ad an. 620 -•...- 221 
597. Vita S. Deicoli, sive DeicoUa, Abbatis Lutrensis in 

Burgundia, auctore anonymo ' • - • 221 

698. Vita S. Deicoli 222 

699. A Fragment of a Ghronicle from the coming of the 

Saxons to the year 627, in English - - - 222 

600. De S. Justo, Archiepiscopo - - - . 222 

601. De S. Justo - - • • - .223 

602. Vita S. Justi, Archiepiscopo Quarti; carmine Ele- 

giaco ----•.. 223 

603. Vita S. Begs Virginis, in Froyincia Northanumbro- 

rum -----.. 223 

604. Miracula S. Begsa Virginis - . . . 224 
606. Vita S. Golmanni, Drummorensis Episcopi - - 224 

606. Vita S. Berachi, Gonfessoris et Abbatis - - 226 

607. Vita S. Eadwini, Begis et Martyris, ad ann. 633 - 225 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. XCl 

Na Pli«e 

606. Vita S. Mtuinu, alias Fintani, Abbatis Taghmnnnensis 229 

609. Notae de rebns Anglicis a primordio gentis ad ammm 

636 226 

610. Vita S. Garthaci, sen Mochuddse, de Hibemia - - 226 

611. Vita S. Garthaci 227 

612. Vita S. Garthaci 228 

613. Vita S. Flannani, Episcopi Laonensis ... 228 

614. Vita Sancte EanswithsB, Virginia et Abbatissas - 228 

615. De S. Lasreano, sive Molassio, Abbate Lethglinensi 

in Hibemia, postea Episcopo et Legato Apostolico - 229 

616. Vita S. Panlini, Archiepiscopi Eboracensis, ab anno 

627 ad an. 644, una cum Historia Translationis et 

Miracnlorum ejus ..... 229 

617. De S. Panlino, Episcopo et Gonfessore - - 230 

618. De S. Panlino, Episcopo - - - - 230 

619. Vita Sancti Galli, auctore Guetino - ' - - 230 

620. Vita S. Gralli, auctore Walafrido Strabone, Abbate 

Angiensi ---... 231 

621. Waiafridi Strabi, Vita S. Galli, metrice - - 234 

622. Vita S. Galli, Gonfessoris - - - - 234 

623. Vita S. Felicia, Episcopi et Gonfessoris • - 234 

624. De S. Felice, Episcopo et Gonfessore - . . 235 

625. Vita Sancti Birini, Episcopi et Gonfessoris • - 235 

626. De Sancto Birino, Episcopo .... 236 

627. De S. Birino, Episcopo - - - - 237 

628. Vita S. Birini, Episcopi Dorcestrensis, auctore quodam 

incerto, sed fide digno .... 237 

629. Vita S. Birini, Episcopi et Gonfessoris - - 237 

630. Vita S. Birini 237 

631. Vita S. Birini 238 

632. Homelia de Sancto Birino - - - - 238 

633. Missa in Translationem S. Birini ... 238 

634. Vita S. Birini, Episcopi 238 

635. Vers en I'honneur de S. Birin - - - - 238 

636. Life of St. Birin, in English yerse - - - 239 

637. Vita vel Visio Sancti Fursei - - - - 239 

638. Vita Sancti Fursei, Abbatis Hibemi ... 241 

639. Vita Beati Fursei, Presbyteri atque Abbatis, edita a 

Sancto Beda, Presbytero - - - . 243 

640. Vita S. Fursei, Abbatis 243 

641. * Beatha Naoimh Furse,' or the Life of St. Fursey - 244 

642. De S. Furseo 244 

643. Hymni duo de Sancto Furseo .... 244 

644. Translatio S. Fursei - - - - - 245 

645. Vita S. Fursei 245 

646. Vita S. Fursei, Gcnofessoris - - - - 245 



XCU TABLE OF CONTENTS. 

No. Pigo 

647. Vita S. Aidani Lindisfarnensis - . . . 246 

648. De S. Aidano 247 

649. De S. Aidano, Episcopo et Confessore - - . 247 

650. Vita S. Aidani, Episcopi Lindisfarnensis - - 247 

661. Vita S. Oswini, Regis Deionun - - - 248 

662. Inventio ejusdem ----- 248 
668. Miracula ejusdem - - . . . 249 
654. Sermo de Passione gloriosi et sanctissimi Frincipis et 

Martyris Oswini - - . - - 260 
666. De Passione et Inventione S. Oswini, com Hymnis, 

Lectionibus, etc. ..... 260 

656a. De S. Oswino, Eege et Martyre . . - 260 

666. Seint Oswin, the King, the Holy Martir - - 261 

667. De S. Honorio, Axchiepiscopo .... 251 

668. Vita S. Honorii, Archiepiscopi Oantnariensisi carmine 

Elcgiaco - - - ... - 261 

659. De S. Honorio, Archiepiscopo et Confessore - * 262 

660. Miracula Sancti Ithamari, Bo£fensis Episcopi - - 252 

661. De S. Ithamaro - - - - - - 263 

662. Vita S. Mochoemoci, seu Pulcherii, Abbatis Liatmo- 

rensis in Hibemia ..... 263 

663. Vita S. Mocoemog - - - - .263 

664. De S. Foillano, Episcopo et Martyre - - - 254 
666. Passio S. Foillani - - - - - 264 

666. Vita S. Livini, Episcopi et Martyris, ad annum 666, 

auctore Bonifacio coasvo .... 264 

667. Vita brevis S. Livini, Archiepiscopi et Martyris - 266 

668. Passio S. Livini, Episcopi .... 266 

669. Vita et Passio S. Livini, Episcopi et Martyris - - 266 

670. Vita S. Rumwoldi, Oonfessoris - - - - 266 

671. De S. Rumwoldo, Confessore .... 267 

672. Vita S. Rumwoldi, Confessoris - - - - 267 

673. Legenda de Sancto Etfrido, Presb3rtero de Leoministria 267 

674. Vita antiqua Hibemica S. Cumeani Alti, inoerto 

auctore Sseculi viii. - - . - . 268 



676. Vita S. Cumiani Alti, Hibemice 

676. Vita S. Finani, Episcopi Lindisfarnensis 

677. De Ethelberto, Eadbaldo, et Eorcomberto, Begibus 

CantisB, fragmenta antiqua ... 

678. De S. Oedd, Episcopo, Fratre S. CeddsB Episcopi 

679. De S. Ced Orientalium Saxonum Episcopo 

680. Vita S. Fechini, Abbatis Fourii in Hibemia 

681. Vita S. Fechini - - - - 

682. Dc S. Deusdcdit, Archiepiscopo Cantuariensi - 

683. Dc S. Deusdedit, Episcopo et Confessore 

684. Vita S. Deusdedit, Archiepiscopi, Carmine Elegtaco 



259 
269 

259 
260 
260 
260 
261 
261 
263 
262 



TABLE OP CONTENTS. 



XCUl 



Na 

685. Passio fieatorum Martyrom Etheldredi ct Ethelbricti, 

cam Gknealogia coram 

686. De SS. Etheldredo et Ethelbricto, Martyribus 

687. Yitae Sanctarum Etheldrithsa, Ethelborgce, Sexbarga? 

et WihtborgsB - - - - 

688. Vita S. Jadoci, Presbyteri et ConfeBsoris 

689. Vita S. Jadoci .... 

690. Sermo FLapi, Abbatis Ferrariaoensis, in festivitate 

S. Jadoci ... 

691. Vita S. Jadoci, versibas rhythmicis 

692. De S. Jadoco 

693. Vita S. Jadoci, filii Begis Britonom, et Gonfessoris 

per Florentiam abbatem conscripta - 
694t. Vita S. Jodoci, filii Jadahelis Begis Britamiis 

695. Passio SS. Wlfadi et Baffini, filioram Wlferi regis 

696. Vita Sanctoram Walfadi et Bafi 

697. The Lives and Martyrdoms of St. Wolfade and St 

Baffin, pat to death by their father, Walfere, King 
of Mercia, for having embraced the Christian faith 
in old English verse - 

698. De S. Fiacrio, Heremita et Confessore 

699. Vita S. Fiacrii, Gonfessoris et Eremitaa 

700. Vita S. Fiacrii, Gonfessoris 

701. Vita S. Fiacrii, aactore anonymo 

702. Miracnla S. Fiacrii facta Divione, in 

Burgnndia, anctore anonymo 

703. Vita Sanctce Milbargse Virginis 

704. Vita B. Milbargaa Virginis 

705. Miracnla SaactaB Milbargas 

706. De S. Milburga - * - 

707. De S. Geadda, Episcopo et Gonfessoro 
706. De S. Geadda, Episcopo Lichfeldensi 

709. De S. Gedde, Episcopo et Gonfessoro, Lectiones sex 

710. In natale S. GeddsB Episcopi 

711. Vita S. Geddas - 

712. Life of St. Ghadde 

713. Vita S. Mildgithfie 
714?. Vita SanctsB Virginis et Beginsd, Ethcldredas, aactore 

Thoma, Eliensi Monacho 

715. Miracnla S. Etheldredsa, aactore eodem Thoma Elcyensi 

716. Ghregorins, Eliensis Monachas, de Vita et Gestis 

Sanctaa Etheldredas, Virginis, metrice 

717. De S. Etheldreda Virgme . - - . 

718. Vita S. ^theldryth» Virginis - - . - 

719. Vita et Miracnla 6. Etheldredso, metrice 

720. Vita S. Etheldreds Virginis « - - ^ - 



saccllo Dacis 



Page 

263 
264 

264 
265 
266 

268 
268 

268 

269 
269 
269 
272 



272 
272 
278 
273 
273 

274 
274 
275 
275 
275 
275 
276 
276 
276 
277 
278 
279 

278 
280 

280 
281 
282 
282 
282 



XCIV TABLE OF CONTENTS. 

No. piNje 

721. Vita Sanct83 j^theldrythse Yirginis, Saxonicei ex 

Homeliis Elfrici 282 

722. De S. iEtheldrytha Virgine - - - - 283 

723. Vita S. Mthelirythm, Saxonice - - - - 283 

724. Vita S. iEtheldryth», Virginis - - - - 283 

725. The Life of St. Etheldreda of Ely, in old English 

verse -.----- 283 

726. S. Ethyldrede the holy Vii'gine - - - - 284 

727. Frfcfcgment of a short Chronicle, from A.D. 637 to A.D. 

679 284 

728. De S. Heuua, qui A.D. 679 floruit - - - 284 

729. Vita S. Hilde, Yirginis et Abbatissie, ad an. 680 - 285 

730. De S. HUda, Abbatissa 285 

731. Vita S. Balthildis, EeginsB Francorum, postea Sancti- 

monialis Kalensis ; auctore anon3mio, ejus asquali - 286 

732. Yita S. Balthildis, auctore anonymo sed antique, ex 

MS. Oorsendoncano ----- 286 

733. Historia Translationis S. Balthildis, Beginn, dein 

monachsa Kalensis ; ab auctore anonymo fere asquali 

scripta ------- 287 

734. Yita S. Balthildis Begin® - - - - 287 

735. Yita S. Caedmon - - - - - - 287 

736. De S. Ultano, Abbate Perronensi - - - 288 

737. Yita S. Ebbas Yirginis, auctore Beginaldo Dunelmensi 288 

738. De S. Ebba, Yirgmo et Abbatissa - - "289 

739. De S. Ebba, Yirgine et Abbatissa - - - 290 

740. De S. Audoeno - - - - - - 290 

741. De Eeliquiis Sancti Audoeni et quorundam aliorum 

Sanctorum, qua) Gantuoriaa, in Ecolesia Domini 

Salvatoris, habentur - ... - 290 

742. Yita S. Gondedi, Monachi Fontanellensis et Anchoretaa 291 

743. Yita S. Madelgisili, Oonfessoris et Heremitae ; auctore 

Hariulfo, monacho Centulensi ... 291 

744. Yita S. Eataa, Hagustaldensis Episcopi, secundum 

Bedam descripta ----- 292 

745. De S. Eata, Episcopo et Confessore - - • 293 

746. Yita S. Erkenwaldi, Londonionsis Episcopi - - 293 

747. Miracula S. Erkenwaldi, Episcopi Londonionsis - 294 

748. De S. Erkenwaldo, Episcopo - • - - 295 

749. De S. Erkenwaldo, Episcopo - - - - 295 

750. Yita S. Bosas, Episcopi Eboracensis - - - 295 

751. Yita S. Golmanni, Episcopi Lindisfamensis - - 296 

752. Yita S. Hereberti, Presbyteri et Anachoretse - - 296 

753. Yita S. Outhberti, auctore monacho Lindisfarnensi - 297 

754. Yita Sancti Outhberti M^trica, auctore Yen. Beda - 299 

755. Bedas Yita Beat! Outhberti, Episcopi Lindisfamensis 300 



TABLE OP CONTENTS. XCV 

^^ Page 

756. Liber de Tranfilationibas et Miraculis S. Cuthberti, 

Episcopi Lindisfamensis, auctore monacho Dunel- 
mensi anonymo ..... 303 

757. Complementmn Yitas SanotiGathberti, Lindisfamensis 

Episcopi --.--. 305 

758. Beginaldus de Coldinghaxn de Yirtatibus S. Cuthberti 

ad Priorem et Conventam Dtinelm. ... 306 
769. Vita S. Cuthberti - - . - - 307 

760. Libellus de Miraculus S. Cuthberti, secundum Eegi- 

naldum de Coldingham - - - . 308 

761. Beginaldi, Monachi Dunelmensis, de Yirtutibus et 

Miracnlis gloriosi Pontificis Cuthberti Liber - 308 

762. Beginaldi, Monachi Dunelmensis, Libellus de admi- 

randis S. Cuthberti yirtutibus • - - 309 

763. Yita S. Cuthberti (Saxonice). - - - .309 

764. Deposito S. Cuthberhti Episcopi • - -309 

765. Libellus de ortu S. Cuthberti, de Historiis Hybemen- 

sium ezcerptus et translatus - - . . 310 

766. Yita S. Cuthberti, versibus heicametris rhythmicis - 313 

767. Yita S. Cuthberti, versibus rhythmicis - - 313 

768. Yita S. Cuthberti metrice scripta ... 314 

769. De Sancto Cuthberto, Episcopo et Confessore - - 314 

770. Life of St. Cuthbert, in English verse - . - 314 

771. Brevis Belatio de Sancto Cuthberto, et quomodo corpus 

ejus Dunelmum venerat, et excerpta de Yita et 

Miracnlis ejusdem Sancti .... 315 

772. Historia de Sancto Cuthberto - - - - 316 

773. De S. Cuthberto - - - - - 317 

774. Yita S. Cuthberti, Lindisfamensis Episcopi - - 317 

775. Farrago Cartarum ad Historiam Ecclesise Dunolmensis 

spectantium • - - - - • 317 

776. Nennii Eulogium Brittannisa .... 318 
^ 777. Nennii Historia Britonnm .... 3I8 

778. Nennii Historia Britonum ; cum Appendice et Chro- 

nico subjectis, necnon tractatu de Mirabilibus Bri- 
tanni» ...... 322 

779. Bes Gestae Britonum, a Gilda Sapiente compositsB, a 

Bruto nempe ad Regem Arthurum, cum nominibus . 
Civitatum qu» sunt in Britannia, et Enumeratione 
Mirabilium BritannisB ... - 322 

780. Nennii Historia de Britannia, emendate scripta - 323 

781. Nennii Historia Britonum. Exemplar antiquum et 

nitidum ----.. 323 

782. De Britannia et ejus Mirabilibus ; inscribitur Gildaa - 324 

783. Gildas Minor, ant Nennius .... 324 

784. Gesta Britonum, a Gilda Sapiente oomposita - - 325 
VOL. I. h 



XCVl 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



No. 

785. Nennii Hietoria Britonnm - . . • 

786. G^sta Britonum a Gilda Sapiente edita 

787. 788. Nenii Historia Britonium . - - - 

789. Bes Gkstaa a Nenio Sapiente compositaa 

790, ExceptioneB de Libro Gildae Sapientis, quern compo- 

suit de primus Habitatoribus Britannias et de Ex* 
cidio ejus. Sio inscribitur in Bubrica, est enim, 
revera, Nennii Historia Britonum ; cui subjungitur 
Tractatnlus de Mirabilibus Britannias, quad simt 



791, 
792. 
793. 
794. 
796. 
796. 
797. 

798. 
799. 
800. 
801. 
802. 
803. 

804. 
805. 
806. 
807. 
808. 

809. 

810. 
811. 
812. 

813.. 

814. 

815. 

816 

817. 
818. 



325 
325 
326 
327 



Gildas Sapientis de G^stis Britonum Liber 
Nennii Historia Britonum - - ' - 

Nennii Historia Britonum • - . 

GildaB Sapientis Liber de gentis Britonum Origine 
GildsB Historia de Gcstis Anglorum 
Nennii Apologia Gentis Britonum 
Gildaa Sapientis, de Bebus Gestis Britonum, His 
toria ------ 

Historia Britonum, a Gilda Sapiente - 
Nennii Historia Britonum - . - 

Liber Gildae Sapientis, de Gestis Britonum 
Caradooi Lancarvanensis Historia Britonum - 
Gildaa Sapientis, de Gestis Britonum, Liber • 
Exceptiones de Libro Gildaa Sapientis de primis Habi 

tatoribus Britanniae . - . . 

Gildas, rectius Nennius, Ohronicon Britanniaa 
Nennii Bes G^staa Britonum - . . 

Nennii Historia de Britonibus - - - 

Nennii Historia Britonum - . - 

Gildaa (Nennii) Eulogium Britanniaa descriptum e 

variis MSS. ab ipso Usserio - - - 

Nennii Britonum Historiograpbi, Eulogium Britanniaa 

sub Gildaj Sapientis larva, diu exceptum 
Gesta Britonum, codex a Gilda compositus 
Liber S. Gildaa Abbatis de Gestis Anglorum - 
Gildas Sapiens, qualiter Angli inhabitant, sivc de Ges 

tis Britonum - - - - - 

Gildaa Sapientis, aut potius Nennii, Historia Britonum 
Gildas de primis Habitatoribus Britanniaa 
Historia Britonum, edita ab Anachoreta Marco, ejus 

dem gentis Episcopo - - - - 

** Leabhar Breathnach annso sis." The Irish version 

of the ** Historia Britonum " of Nennius 
Nennii Historia Britonum, ex libro do Ballimote 
Historia Compcndiosa de Regibus Britonum, auctore 

Badulpho de Diceto - - • - - 



327 
328 
329 
329 
329 
329 
830 

330 
330 
331 
331 
331 
332 

332 
333 
333 
333 
333 

334 

334 
334 
334 

334 
335 
335 

335 

336 
337 

337 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. xcvii 

No. Ptoise 

819. Passio S. Indracti, Mortyris, aaotori Goilielmo Mai- 

mesburiensi - • - - • . 388 

820. De S. Indraoto et Sociis ejus, Marlyribas - - 339 

821. Vita S. Kiliani- - - - - . .339 

822. Vita S. Kiliaoi 340 

823. De S. Kiliano cum Sociis suis, Martyribus - - 340 

824. Legenda in festo S. Kiliani - - « 340 

825. Passio Chiliani^ Martyris, et aliorum Sociorum ejus • 340 

826. Vita S. Kiliani - . - - - - 341 

827. Vita S. Kiliani Sociorumque ejus - - - 341 

828. GalMdi Monumetensis, cognomento Arturi, de Ori* 341 

gine et Gestis Eegum Britannise, Libri xii <* - 341 

829. Brut 7 Brenhinoedd; History of Britain from B^ut 

to the death of Gadwalader * • - . 350 

830. Gualteri (Oalenii), Ozoniensis Arohidiaconi, Historia 

Bruti Begumque Britannicorum ; Cambro-Britannice 351 

831. Gualteri^ Archidiaooni Ozoniensis, Historia Britonum ; 

Gambro-Britannioe - - - • - - 352 

832. Historia Britonum, siye Wallorum, a Troja capta et 

Bmto, usque ad mortem Caldwalladeri Britannorum 
Begis: linguo Normaxmo-Saxonica (in Anglicam 
tamen yeterem yergente et quidem poetice scripta) 
per Lazomonem (Layamon), sacerdotem Emleghe 
super Babrinam (Seyem) - - - - 352 

833. Historia Britonum, a Bruto ad ^thelstanum, yeteri 

lingua Anglicana ..... 355 

834. A Translation of Geoffrey of Monmouth's History into 

old English by " Maister Gnaor " - - - 356 

835. Greoffrey of Monmouth, Chronicles in English - • 357 

836. Brutus : Poema sic insoriptum - • . . 357 

837. " Part of a Poem in very old French, the subject is 

the History of Great Britain"^ ... 357 

838. Galfridi Monumetensis Historia Britonum, Gallice - 358 

839. Gralfridi Monumetensis de Eegibus Britonum, Gbllice 358 

840. Epistola Magistri Galfridi Monumetensis, directa 

Alexandre, Linoolnensi Episcopo, de Propheciis Mer* 
lini --.-... 353 

841. Vita Merlini per Gal&idum Monumetensem, ad Bo- 

bertum Episcopum Lincolniensem, yersibus hexa- 
metris ----- 359 

842. " Ghronica Britonum, Saxonum, et Normannorum, a 

Bruto ad E. Henricum II." - - . • 359 

843. Successio Eegum ..... 350 

844. (}enealogia Eegum Britannin), ab ^nea ad Codwalla- 

derum --.---. 360 

845. Vita S. Sexburgas Eegime .... 3^0 

h 2 



• •• 



XCVIU TABLE OF CONTENTS. 

Ka Pige 

846. Lectioiies in Festiyitate S. SexbnrgsB - - - 361 

847. Be S. Sexbnrga, Begina et Abbatissa . . - 361 

848. Vita S. Sexbnrgaa, Saxonice - - - - 362 

849. Excerpta e Vita S. SexburgflB - - - - 362 

850. De Adventa Beati Theodori, Arcbiepiscopi, in An- 

gUam 362 

851. De S. Theodoro, Arcbiepiscopo, Lectiones Septem, 

cum parte Leotionis Octave .... 363 

852. Vita 8. Tbeodori, Cantuariensis Arcbiepiscopi, Car- 

mine Elegiaco -.-•.. 363 

853. De Sancto Tbeodoro, Arcbiepiscopo et Confessore - 363 

854. Vita S. Tillonis Pauli, Monacbi in Gallia - - 364 

855. Vita S. Tellionis, Monacbi SoUemniacensis in Lemo- 

yicibuB, ad An. circa 690 .... 364 

856. Annales Lindisfamenses et Cantoarienses ab An. 618 

adAn. 690 - - - - - - 364 

857. De SS. Hewaldo, Nigro et Albo, Martyribns - - 365 

858. De S. Molingo, sive Dajrgello, Episoopo Femensi in 

Hibemia ...... 365 

858a. Vita S. Eadbyrbti 365 

859. Vita S. Mocbned, sive Cuani, Abbatis Lffigsiensis in 

Hibemia .-..-- 366 

860. Sermo Beati Bedae, Sacerdotis et Confessoris, in Na- 

tale Sancti Benedicti Abbatis, qui fait constructor 

Monasterii Sancti Petri .... 366 

861. Vita Sancti Benedicti Abbatis, cognomento *' Biscop," 

auctore Beda ...... 367 

862. Vita S. Benedicti Abbatis, Saxonice - - - 368 

863. De S. Benedicto Abbate, cognomento ''Biscop*' . 368 

864. Vita Beat® Ermenildas, Beginae Mercise et Abbatissffi 

Eliensis - - • - - - 368 

865. De S. Ermenilda Begina - - - - 369 

866. Vita S. Earcongotbsa - - - - - 369 

867. De S. Erkengoda, auctore Jobanne de Tjnemoutb - 370 

868. De SS. Kineburga, Kineswitba, filiabus Pendsa Mer- 

ciorum Begis, et barum consanguineo Tibba, sive 

Tilba, auctore Job. de Tynemoutb ... 370 

869. Vita et Miracula S. Kineburgea de Gloucestria - 370 
.870. Vita S. Geraldi, Abbatis et Episcopi Mageonensis in 

Hibemia •.--.. 371 

871. Vita S. Gndwalli, Episcopi Britanni, auctore Monacbo 

Blandiniensi ...... 371 

872. De S. Gudwalo, Episcopo et Confessore • . 372 

873. Sermo in Translatione S. Gudwali et S. Bertulfi . 372 

874. Vita S. Gudwali, Episcopi - - - - 373 

875. Vita Gudwali 373 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



XCIX 



No. 

876. Vita S. Botolphi, Abbatis Ikanboensis, scripta ab 

aactore subpari, ut videtar ... 

877. De S. Botulpbo, Abbate et Confessore - 

878. Vita S. Disibodi, Confessoris in Germannia 

879. Vita Deo dilectaa Virginis Mildrethse, aactore Gosce 

lino monacho ; cum Lectionibus 

880. De S. Mildretba Lectiones ad Matutinas 

881. Textus Translationis eb Institntionis Monasterii B 

Mildrethoe ; com attestatione Miracnlorum - 

882. Libellus Goscelini contra inanes Usurpatores S. Mil 

dretiifld ...... 

883. Natale Sanctsa MildrethsB Virginis, Saxonice - 
884>. De Sancta Mildretba Virgine ... 

885. Lectio in Translatione S. Mildrethas Virginis - 

886. De S. Mildreda 

887. Vita S. Mildretbse Virginis - 

888. De S. Mildritha 

889. Vita 8. Cuthborgse, Beginsa et Virginis 

890. De S. Guthbnrga Begina ... 

891. De S. Ethelburga, Virgine et Abbatissa 

892. Vita 8. Aethelbargss .... 

893. Antiphonas de Beata Adthelborga, Virgine 

894. Vita 8. Ethelburgae, Virginis - 
896. Vita 8. Ethbini, Confessoris - 

896. De 8. Egbino, Monacho ... 

897. Vita 8. Etbini, Confessoris 

898. Epistola 8ergii Fapee, Primi, ad Ceolfridum, Abbatem 

monasterii BB. Petri et Paoli, quod est ad Wiri 
matbam et Gymmn, de Beda Bomam transmittendo 

899. Vita 8. Adamnani, Abbatis Hjensis in 8cotia - 

900. Vita 8. Heddas, Episcopi Dorcestrisa - 

901. Vita 8. Decomani Heremitas ... 

902. Vita 8. Aldbelmi, 8lLirebnmen8is Episcopi 

903. Vita 8. Aldbelmi, 8cirebumen8i8 Episcopi, anctore 

Wilhelmo Malmesberiensi ... 

904. Vita 8. Aldbelmi, Episcopi, aWiUielmo Malmesbn 

riensi composita .... 

905. Vita 8. Aldelmi, Episcopi et Confessoris 

906. De 8. Aldbelmo, Episcopo et Confessore 
007. Life of 8t. Aldhelm, in old English verse 
906. 8. Aldbelmi, Abbatis Maknesbnrise, Epistola ad Heah 

fridom ...... 

909. Vita 8. Wilfridi, Eboracensis Archiepiscopi, auctore 

Heddio 8tepliano .... 

910. Vita 8. Wilfridi, Episcopi Eboracensis, aactore Fride 

goda, Benedictino Monacho ... 



Pago 

373 
375 
375 

376 
379 

379 

381 
381 
383 
383 
383 
384 
384 
384 
384 
385 
385 
385 
385 
385 
386 
386 



386 
388 
388 
389 
389 

392 

894 
394 
395 
395 

396 

396 

899 



TABLE OF CJOITTENTS. 



Wo. Fogo 

911. Vita S. Wilfridi, auctorc Badmero, Cfimtuarienfii Mo- 

nacho, ab An. 633 usque ad An. 709 - - - 400 

912. De S. Wilfrido 401 

912a. Vita S. Wilfridi, Saxonico - - - - 402 

913. De S. Wilfrido, Eboracensi Archiepiscopo - - 402 

914. Qualiter et qua occasione BeliquisB Sancti Wilfredi, 

Archiepiscopi, sunt translatsd Cantuariae, tempore S. 

Odonis, Archiepiscopi - - - - 402 

915. Vita S. Wilfridi, Episcopi - . - - 403 
9l5a. Anecdota ad Ecolesiam Hagustaldensem spcctantia 

de Miraculis ibi factis - - - - 403 

916. De Adventu B. Adriani Abbatis in Angliam, ejusque 

Virtutibus, auctore Goscelino, Monaoho Bertiniano - 403 

917. Translatio B. Adriani per Scotlandum, Abbatem Can- 

tuariflD ------- 404 

918. Passio S. Adriani - - - - - 404 

919. De S. Adriano - - - - - - 404 

920. Vita S. Guthlaci, Anchoret» Grulandise, auotore Felice 

Monaoho Giriwensi, ejus eBquali - - - 404 

921. Vita S. Guthlaci, auctore Ingulfo Croylandensi - 407 

922. Vita S. Guthlaci, Saxonice - - - - 407 

923. Vita S. Guthlaci, Saxonice - - - - 408 

924. Vita Sancti Guthlaci, vereibus Saxoniois - - 408 

925. Hymni de S. Guthlaco, Saxonice - - - 408 

926. Vita Sancti Guthlaci, Confessoris - - - 408 

927. Translatio S. Guthlaci - - - - - 409 

928. De Sancto Guthlaco, Confessore - - - 409 

929. Antiphonas et Eesponsoria in Natalo S. Guthlaci, Con- 

fessoris Christi . - - - - 409 

930. Versus ad S. Guthlacum - - - - 410 

931. De Sancto Guthlaco - - - - - 410 

932. Vita S. Guthlaci 410 

933. Vita S. Suidberti Episcopi, Frisonum et Bomctua- 

riorum Apostoli; false attributa Markelino, Pres- 

bytero ------- 410 

934. Sermo S. Badbodi, Trajectensis Episcopi, de S." Suid- 

berto, Episcopo - - - - - 411 

935. Badbodi ejusdem Carmen AJlegoricum do eodem bca- 

tissimo PrsBsule - - - - - 411 

936. De S. Colfrido, Abbate et Confessore - * - 412 

937. Vita Sanctissimi Ceolfridi, Abbatis, sub quo B. Bcda 

habitum percipit Sanct83 Beligionis, et post cujus 
obitum pro meritis coepit assumcre palmam aetemsd 

felicitatis ------ 412 

938. Vita S. Ceolfridi, Abbatis SS. Petri et Pauli - - 413 

939. Vita S. Ceolfridi, Saxonice - - - - 413 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. ci 

No, • Page 

940. Vita Bcatonun Abbatom, Benedicti, Geolfridi, Eosier- 

wini, Sigfridi, atque Hwietberti, auctore Ven. Beda 413 

941. Vita S. HildeUthsD 414 

942. Vita S. Egwini, Wigomiensis Episcopi, per Brithwal- 

dum, Wigom. Monachum - - - . 415 

943. Vita Sancti Ecgwini, Wigomiensis Episcopi - - 417 

944. Vita Beati Egwini, Episcopi et Oonfessoris; et de 

Miraculis qnsa Dens per eum, dnm hac mutabili luce 
adhnc frneretur, operari dignatns est. Edita a Domi- 
nico, Priore Eveshamiee - - - - 418 

945. De S. Egwino, Episcopo et Confessore - - - 419 

946. Eragmentmn VitaB S. Egwini Episcopi, scriptas a 

Britwaldo, Wintoniensi Episcopo, Sseculo XI. - 420 

947. Sermo in festo Sancti Egwini, Oonfessoris - - 420 

948. Vita S. Werbergaa - - - - - 421 

949. Vita S. WerburgaB, Virginis, auctore Gotscelino - 421 

950. Genealogia S. Werburgae - - - - 422 

951. Vita S. Werburgae, Virginis, cum Lectionibus in illius 

Festivitate - - - - - - 422 

952. Vita S. Werburgae, Virginis - - - - 422 

953. De S. Wereburga, Virgine - - - - 422 

954. Vita S. Werburgae, Virginis - - - - 423 

955. De primis Ecclesiarum Christianarum in Gallia, Anglia, 

et Hibemia fundatoribus -' - - - 423 

956. Vita S. Johannis Archiepiscopi Eboracensis, a Pol- 

cardo, Ecclesiae S. Trinitatis Oantuarias Monacho, 
edita ; cum Miraculis ejusdem ... 423 

957. Miracula S. Johannis Beverlacensis, auctoro Willelmo 

Ketello, Olerico Beverlacensi ... 426 

958. Alia Miracula S. Johannis Beverlacensis, auctore ut 

plurimum teste oculato .... 426 

959. Alia Miracula S. Johannis Beverlacensis, auctore 

tcrtio, etiam in pluribus teste oculato * - 427 

960. Miracula Ultima S. Johannis Beverlacensis • - 427 

961. Vita S. Johannis, Episcopi Eboracensis, auctore, ut 

videtur, Folcardo, Bertiniano Monacho - - 427 

962. De S. Johanne de Beverlaco, Episcopo et Confessore - 428 

963. Vita S. Johannis, Archiepiscopi Eboracensis - - 428 

964. De S. Johanne de Beverle, Eboracensi Archiepiscopo, 

et Confessore ----.«. 429 

965. Memoria de S. Johanne de Beverlaco - - - 429 

966. In Natale S. Johannis Beverlacensis - - - 429 

967. Vita Sancti Johannis de Beverlaco - - . 429 

968. CoUectiones do Vita et Miraculis D. Johannis Bever- 

laciensis, transcriptas ex veteri Manuscripto Folcardi, 
Monachi Ccenobii Derobemensis, qui anno nati Ser- 
Tatorifl clamit 1060 ..---* 430 



cii 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



No. Page 

969. Yita S. Johannis, Episcopi et Confessoris - • 430 

970. Yita S. Johannis Beverlacensis, Saxonice • - 430 

971. Yita S. Bicardi, Regis apud Anglo-Saxoues - - 430 

972. Yita Inac, Regis Occidentalium Saxonam - - 431 

973. Yen Beds3 Liber do Teipporibus, sive de Sex .^tatibos 

bujos SflBCuli, usque ad A.D. 729 . - - 431 

974. Yenerabilis BedsB Historia Ecclesiastica Grentis Anglo- 

rum - --' - - - - - 433 

977. Bedas Yenerabilis Historia Eoclesiastica Gentis Anglo- 

rum, ab Aelfredo Bege Saxonice versa - - 447 

978. Bedae Presbyteri Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglo- 

rum, Saxonice versa ab Aelfredo Bege - - 448 

979. Bedo) Historia Ecclesiastica, per Aelfredum Begem 

Saxonice versa - - - - - 448 

980. Bedo) Yenerabilis Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglo- 

rum, Saxonice versa per Aelfredum Begem - - 448 

981. Yenerabilis Bedae Historia Ecclesiastica, ab Anglo- 

Saxonum Bege, Aluredo, Saxonice reddita - - 448 

981a. Bedas Yenerabilis Historia Ecclesiastica, Gentis 

Anglorum, Saxonice versa ab Aelfredo Bege - 449 

982. BedaB Historia Ecclesistica, Anglice ... 449 

983. Bedaa Martyrologium Prosaicum ... 449 

984. Bedo) Martyrologium Metricum ... 450 

985. Yita Yenerabilis Beds, Presbyteri, et G^ruensis 

Monacbi - - - - - - 450 

986. Yita Yenerabilis Bedae 451 

987. Yita Bed® 452 

98S. De Yenerabili Beda, Presbytero et Doctore - - 453 

989. Yita Bedae Yenerabilis, Presbyteri et Monachi Gir- 

wensis ...... 453 

990. Yita Sancti et Yenerabilis Bedae, auctore et collectoro 

Turgoto, Priore Dunelmensi .... 454 

991. Yita Yenerabilis Bedae, Presbyteri ... 454 

992. De Obitu Bedae - - - - - - 455 

993. Obitus Bedae Presb. - - - - - 455 

994. Intitulatio Opusculorum Bedae, ab ipso edita - - 455 

995. Transitus Yenerabilis Bedae, per Cuthbertum Mona- 

chum, vii. Kal. Junii ..... 455 

996. Epistola Cuthberti ad Cuthwinum, condiscipulum - 455 

997. Epistolae Yenerabilis Bedae ad diversos scriptae - 457 

998. Epitaphium egrcgii Doctoris Bedae ... 458 

999. Yita Tathwyni, Cantuariensis Arcbiepiscopi, ab an. 

731 ad an. 735 ; auctore anonymo (metrice) - . 459 

1000. Yita S. Frideswidae, Yirginis Oxoniensis, ab anno 650 

ad annum circiter 735; cum appendice Miracu- 

lorum usque ad A.D. 1180 ... 459 

1001 . Yita Saactae Frideswidae, Yirginis Oxoniensis in Anglia 460 



<. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



Clli 



Na 

1002. Fhilippns, Prior S. Frideswithas, de Miraculis ejus- 

dem Sanct89 --.... 

1003. Vita S. Frideswidas, cam Prologo • . . 

1004. Vita S. Frideswidae, Oxon. - . . . 

1005. Vita 8. Fritheswithae, filiae Didani, regis Oxinefordiaj 

1006. Vita 8. Frideawith® 

1007. Vita 8. Frideswithae - - - . . 

1008. Life of St Frideswida . - . . 
1006a. Fragmenta ex Vita 8. Frideswidas metrica • 

1009. Chronologia Brevissima, ad Northanhymbros spec- 

tans, ab A.D. 547 adusque A.D. 737 • 

1010. Vita 8. Willibrordi, Episcopi Trajectensis ad Ehe- 

num, auctore Albino Flacco sen Alcoino 

1011. Vita metrica 8. Wilbrordi Episcopi, auctore Albino 

Flacco sea Alcaino - - - ' . 

1012. Vita 8. Willibrordi, Episcopi et Confessoris - 

1013. Vita 8. Willibrordi, Episcopi et Confessoris - 

1014. Vita Sanctad 8amthana9, Abbatissae Clonbroniensis - 

1015. Vita 8. Adalberti, Diaconi, B. Willibrordi socii; ad 

an. circa 740 - - - - - 

1016. Eulogium 8. Nothelmi, Archiepiscopi Cantaaricnsis, 

ab an. 736 ad an. 741 (metrice) - . . 

1017. Vita Beatae Wibtbargae, Virginis - . . 

1018. Vita 8anctaB Wihtbargfe, Virginis - - . 

1019. Vita 8. Wihtborgae, Virginis . . . . 

1020. Miracula 8anctae Wihtburgae, Virginis 

1021. Ghronicon ab Origino Mondi ad A.D. 743 - 

1022. Vita 8. Wigberhti, Abbatis Fritzlarensis, ad an. 747, 

auctore 8ervato Lupo, Abbate Ferrariensi (scripta 
A.D.836). . . 

1023. Be Marfyrio 8. Wistani 

1024. Vita 8. Wistani, Regis et Martyris - 

1025. Vita 8. Wistani . - . . 

1026. Vita 8. Wistani Begis et Martyris 

1027. Vita 8anctaB Eadburgae 

1028. Vita Sancti Bonifacii, Episcopi Maguntini et Mar 

tyris, auctore Willibaldo, ipsius discipulo - 

1029. Vita 8ancti Bonifacii, Germanorum Apostoli, auctore 

Presbytero Moguntino ... 

1030. Vita 8. Bonifacii, auctore Otholono, Monacho Bene- 

dictino • • • . . 

1031. Vita 8. Bonifacii .... auctore presbytero 

8. Martini IJltrajecti • • . . 

1032. Vita 8. Bonifacii .... auctore Monacho 

CcBuob. Trajectensis - . . . . 

1033. Be 8ancto Bonifacio, Episcopo et Martyro 



P»go 

460 
462 
462 
462 
463 
463 
463 
463 

464 

464 

466 
467 
467 
468 



- 468 

468 
469 
469 
469 
470 
471 



471 
472 
472 
472 
473 
475 

477 

480 



- 480 



481 

481 
481 



CIV TABLE OF CONTENTS. 

No. Pi^ 

1034. Epifitolas Winfridi, aive Bonifacii, ad divorsos scrip- 

ta3, ab an. 710 ad an. circiter 751 - - - 482 

1036. Vita S. Cuthborti, CantnariensiB Archiopiscopi, ab 

an. 741 ad an. 749 (metrice) ... - 483 

1036. Vita B. Bregwini, Archiepiscopi Cantuariensis, auc- 

tore Eadmero .... - 483 

1037. Vita S. Bregwini, Archiepiscopi Cantuariensis Con- 

fessoris ...... 484 

1038. Annales Korthanmnbrenscs, ab an. 731 ad an. 766 - 485 

1039. Vita S. Liobse, Virginia et Abbatisssa Biscof hcim- 

ensis, ad an. circiter 772, auctoro Bodolfo, Monacho 
Fuldensi - . - . . - 485 

1040. A Chronicle of England, from 639 to 778 - .486 

1041. Vita SanctsB Walpurgis, Abbatisse Heidenheimensis, 

anctore Wolf hardo Presbytero Hasenrietano - 486 

1042. Vita 8. Walburgis, anctoro Adelbaldo, Episcopo 

Ultrajectino ..-.-- 488 

1043. Vita S. "Walburgis, auctore anonymo . - - 488 

1044. Vita S. Walburgis metrica, auctoro Medibardo 

poeta -.....- 489 

1045. Vita S. Walburgis, studio Sanctimonialium Eyatet- 

tensium scripta . - . - - 489 

1046. Vita S. Walburgis, auctore Philippo Episcopo Eyst- 

ettensi ...... 489 

1047. De Sancta Walburga Virgine - - - - 490 

1048. Legenda in Festo S. WalpurgsB ... 490 

1049. Vita Sancti Willibaldi, Episcopi Eistetensis primi, 

scripta a quadam Sanctimoniali Heidenheimensi, 
ipsius seqnali et consanguinea ... 490 

1050. Vita S. Willibaldi, auctore anonymo ... 491 

1051. Part of a Saxon Chronicle, from 622 to 787 - - 492 

1052. Vita S. Willehadi, Episcopi Bromensis, ad an. 789, 

auctoro Anshario, Bremcnsi Archiepiscopo - - 492 

1053. Vita Soli, Monachi et Confessoris in Norico, auctore 

Ermanrico, Monacho Elwangensi ... 494 

1054. Passio Sancti Athelberti, Begis et Martyris, auctore 

Osberto Monacho de Stoke Clare ... 494 

1055. De Sancto Ethelberto, Eoge Orientalium Anglorum 

et Martyro ...... 495 

1056. Vita Ethelberti Regis 496 

1057. Vita Sancti Blaitmaici, Abbatis Hiiensis et Martyris, 

cum aliis Monachis, auctore Walafrido Strabone, 
Abbate Augiensi ..... 497 

1058. Fragmentum Historiae de Pontificibus et Sanctis 

ecclesis Eboracensis, scriptaa a Poeta quodam 
anonymo, Aelberti Episcopi discipulo - - 497 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. CV 

No, Pago 

1059. De eo qnod Episcopi Candidaa Casce esse debeant 

subjecti Archicpiscopo Bboracensi - - - 498 

1060. Vitaa duorum Offanim, sive Offanomm, Merciorum 

Eegum, CoBnobii Sancti Albani fundatornm, per 

MatthaBiun Paris ..... 498 

1061. De Begibus, Begnis, et Episoopatibus totius Anglias 500 

1062. Breve Chronicon a Bruto ad Egbertum - - 500 

1063. Dicnili Liber de Mensura Orbis Terras - - 500 

1064. Chronicon Begum Saxonnm - - - - 501 

1065. De Partitione ProvinciaD in Schiras et Episcopatus 

et Begna .--.-. 502 

1066. Vita B. Alcuini Abbatis, auctoro anon3rmo - - 502 

1067. Epistolas et Poemata S. Alcuini ad res Angliso spec- 

tantia -....-. 504 

1068. Historia Monasterii S. Angustini Cantuariensis per 

Thomajn de Elmham thesaurarium ejusdem Monas- 
terii ------- 505 

1069. Vita S. Kenclmi, Begis et Martyris, auctore anon- 

ymo ------- 508 

1070. Vita S. Kenelmi, Bcgis et Martyris - - - 509 

1071. Vita S. Kenelmi 509 

1072. Ethelwulfi Monachi Carmen de Abbatibus et viris 

piis Cocnobii S. Petri in insula Lindisfamensi - 509 

1073. Vita S. Angusi, KeldaBi, Abbatis Episcopi in Hiber- 

nia, circiter A.D. 824 - - - - 511 

1074. Catalogns Begum Saxonum a Cerdico ad Egbertum - 511 

1075. Annales Juvavenses majores, ab anno 550 ad an. 

835 612 

1076. Chronicon Nicolai Glouccstrias, a divisione terrro 

inter filios Noe ad an. 838 - . - - - 512 — 

1077. Fragmentum Annalium de rebus Anglicis, quod 

desinit an. 857 - . - . . 512 

1078. Vita Sancti Swithtmi, Episcopi Wintonice et Oon- 

fcssoris ------ 513 

1079. Miracula Sancti Swithuni, Wintoniensis Episcopi - 514 

1080. Miracula S. Swithuni, Wintoniensis Episcopi, per 

Lantfredum Wintoniensem Monachum - - 514 

1061. Vita S. Swithuni, versibus hexametris per Wolsta- 

num -----.- 515 

1082. Historia Translationis et Miraculorum S. Swithimi, 

ex antiquissimo MS. Bigotiano - - - 616 

1083. Miracula S. Swithuni, ex antiquissimis Membranis 

BeginaD Sueciaa - - - . . 769 

1084. De S. Swithuno, Wintoniensi Episcopo - - 517 

1085. Miracula S. Swithuni (Saxonice) - - - 518 
1066. Miracula S. Swithuni (Saxonice) - . - - 611 



CVl TABLE OF CONTENTS. 

No. 

1087. De SoQcto Switiinno, Episcopo et ConfesBore - 519 

1088. Seint Swithin )»e Gonfessonr .... 519 

1089. " H. Erin oil oirdnett Gaoidhill" - - - 520 

1090. Itinerarium trium monachorum Bemardi et socio- 

nim ejus, et de Sanctis Locis et Babylon - - 520 

1091. De Sancto Fremundo, Bege et Martyro - - 521 

1092. De S. Frethemnndo, Bege et Martjrre - - 523 

1093. Vita Sancti Fremnndi, Begis et Martyris, aactore 

Gulielmo Bamesiensi . . - . 523 

1094. The Life of St. Fremnnd, by J. Lydgate - . - 523 

1095. Vita S. Osgitbas, sea OsithsB, Yirginis - - 524 

1096. Vita S. Osgithae 525 

1097. De S. Ositha, Virgine et Martyre - - - 525 

1098. Passio Sancti Edmundi, Begis Orientalinm Anglorum 

et Martyris, per Abbonem Floriacensem . - - 526 

1099. Vita S. Edmnndi, Begis et Martyris, auctore Gu- 

lielmo Monacho Bamseiensi ... 528 

1100. Vita S. Edmnndi Begis, per Osbertom de Clare, 

Priorem Westmonasterii .... 528 

1101. Vita Sancti Edmundi, Begis et Martyris • . - 529 

1102. Vita S. Eadmundi, Begis et Martyris - . . - 529 

1103. Vita et Passio S. Eadmundi, Begis et Martyris, -una 

cum Miraculis ejusdem .... 530 

1104. De Translatione Sancti Edmimdi de Ecclesia veteri 

in novam basilicam, a Baldewino constructam - 530 

1105. De Translatione S. Edmundi, Begis et Martyris - 530 

1106. In Translatione S. Edmundi, Begis et Martyris - 531 

1107. La Vie S. Edmund le Bey ; en vers - - - 531 

1108. De S. Edmundo Carmen Elegiacum - - - 532 

1109. Miracula B. Edmundi Begis, auctore Hermanno 

Archidiacono ------ 533 

1110. Miracula et Translatio Sancti .Edmundi, Begis et 

Martyris, per Osbertum de Clare, ut videtur - 533 

1111. Miracula S. Edmundi Begis ct Martyris Orientalinm 

Anglorum ...... 534 

1112. Liber Miraculorum S. Edmundi Orientalium Ang- 

lorum Begis, auctore anonymo ... 535 

1113. Passio Sancti Edmundi, Begis et Martyris - - 535 

1114. Passio Sancti Eadmundi, Begis et Martyris - - 536 

1115. Vita S. Edmundi Begis - - - - 536 

1116. The Life and Acts of St. Edmond, the King and 

Martyr, by John Lydgate .... 537 

1117. Gaufridus de Fontibus de Infantia S. Edmundi - 538 

1118. Vita S. Neoti Abbatis, auctore anon3rmo - - 538 

1119. Vita S. Keoti Abbatis, auctore anonymo - - 540 

1120. Vita S. Neoti Abbatis, metrice - - - 543 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. CvU 

No. Page 

1121. Vita S. Neoti, Presbyteri et Gonfessoris - - 544 

1122. De Saocto Neoto, Abbate et Confessore • - 548 

1123. Vita S. Neoti Abbatia - - - - - 548 

1124. Falconis, Archiepiscopi Bemensis, Epistola ad Alfre- 

dum Begem directa ..... 549 

1125. Annales Berum Gestarom Aelfredi Magni auctore 

Asserio Menevensi . - « . . . . 549 

1126. Gesta Normannonun in FraHcia, auctore incerto, ab 

anno Ohristi 837 usque ad annum 896 - - 553 

1127. Chxx>nioon breve de Begibus Anglo-Saxonum usque . 

ad mortem Alnredi ..... 554 

1128. Alfred the Great 554 

1129. An Historical Pedigree from the Creation of the 

World, showing the Descent from Adam through 
the Patriarchs and Kings of Israel, through Dar> 
danus to the British Kings, and through Woden 
to King Alfred: with accompanying illustrative 
passages in English ..... 555 

1130. Vita Qrimbaldi 555 

1131. Epistola Formosi Papsa ad Episcopos Anglisd, de 

Ecclesia Anglicana bene ordinanda - - 556 

1132. Ohronicon Fani S. Neoti, sive Annales Joannis 

Asserii, ut nonnulUs videtur - - - 557 

1133. Annales Asserii Mehevensis ab anno 596 ad annum 

914 (1050), per Johannem Joscelinum ezcerpti - 558 

1134. Vita 8. Bimstani, Episcopi Wintoniensis, ab an. 880, 

usque ad an. 934, una cum Appendice Miraoulorum 
usque ad an. 986 • • - - - - 558 

1135. A short History of Wales, from the year 688 to 936 - 558 

1136. Hymnus de victoriis B. Abhelstani ... 559 

1137. Oratio militaris iBtiielstani Begis ante initum prcB- 

Hum; Latine et Saxonice .... 559 

1138. Breve Chronioon, a Bruto ad Begem iEthelstanum 560 

1139. Computus annoi^um a creatione mundi usque ad an. 

948 560 

1140. Vita Sancti Elphegi, Wintoniensis Episcopi - - 560 

1141. Obituarinm Episcoporum Ecclesiffi Wigomiensis ab 

anno 798 usque ad an. 957 . . . • 561 

1142. Annales Cambriea ..... 561 

1143. " Liber Monasterii de Hida " - - - - 563 

1144. S. Eadburge, Monialis Winton, filise Edouardi I., 

Begis Angliaa, Vita, auctore Osberto Clarensi, cum 

Notis et Prologo ... - - 564 

1145. Vita Sanctce Edburgce Virginis . - - 565 

1146. Miracula Eadburgse Virginis, filia Edwardi Begis - 565 



CVIU TABLE OF CONTENTS. 

No. Pi^ 

1147. Yita S. Edburgfla 566 

1148. Yita Odonis, Arcbiepiscopi CantoarienBis et Con- 

fessoris, auctore Eadmero .... 5$Q 

1149. Yita S. Odonis, Arcbiepiscopi Cantuariensis • . 567 

1150. De Sane to Odone, Arohiepiscopo et Gonfessore . 668 

1151. Yita Sancti Odonis, Arcbiepiscopi et Gonfessoris • 568 

1152. YitaB Sanctorum Elfledce et Merwinn®, Yirginum et 

Abbatissanim ..--•. 568 

1153. De Sancta Elfleda, Yirgine et Abbatissa • - 569 

1154. Symeon de obsessione Donehni, et de probitate 

Ucbtredi comitis, et de comitibus qoi eum successe- 
runt - - - - - . - 669 

1155. ''De fundatione miraculosa abbatiaB de Bamseii/' 

narratio per Jobannem de Tynemutb • - 569 

1156. Spistola Simeonis, Monacbi Dnnebnensis, de Arcbie* 

pisoopis Eboraci ab an. 627 ad an. 972, ad Hugonem, 

Decanum Eboracensem, inscripta ... 570 

1157. De origine et statu Ecclesisa Eboracensis. (Metrice.) 571 

1158. Cbroniques des Eois d'Angleterre d'Egbert a Edgar - 571 

1159. De Sancto Edgaro, Bego et Gonfessore - - 571 
^^ 1160. Cbronioorum Etbelwerdi libri qnatuor - - 571 

1161. Annales a Obristo nato ad annum 977 - . 576 

1162. Gronicon a Gbristo incarnato ad annum 977. (Saxonice) 675 

1163. Genealogia et successio Begum West-Saxonum ab 

anno 494 ad Edwardum, filium Edgari. (Saxonice.) 575 

1164. Passio Sancti Edwardi, Begis et Martyris, subjimcta 

miraculorum relatione .... 579 

1165. Narratio de S. Edwardo - - - - 581 

1166. De Sancto Edwardo, Bege et Martyre - . 581 

1167. Yita S. Eduardi, Begis Anglorum, carmine conscripta 

G^llico et Latino ..... 581 

1168. YersuB de translatione corporis S. Eadwardi, Begis et 

Martyris ...... 532 

1169. Life of St. Edward, King and Martyr . . 582 

1170. Yita Sancti Wulsini, Episcopi Scirebumensis - 682 

1171. De Sancto Ulsino Episcopo et Gonfessore - - 583 

1172. De Sancta Wolfbildos, Yirgine et Abbatissa, ad an. 

980 583 

1173. Gbronicon ab anno 674 ad annum 980 . . 584 

1174. Yita Britbnodi, primi Abbatis Eliensis, auctoro Jo- 
banne de Tynemoutb ..... 584 

1 175 . Yita Forannani, Episcopi et Abbatis Walciodorensis, ad 

annum 982, auctore Boberto, Monacbo Walciodorcnsi 684 

1176. Yita Sancti Etbelwoldi, Episcopi Wintoniensis, auc- 

tore Alfrico Abbate - ... - 585 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. cix 

No. Page 

1177. Vita S. Ethelwoldi, Episoopi Wintoniensis. Auctore 

(ut Tidetur) Wolstano Moimcho, ejus discipulo - 587 

^1178. Historia Ecclesias Eliensis, sive Libellns quonmdnm 

insignmn opemm B. iEdelwoldi Episoopi - - 590 

1179. Vita Soncti Ethelwoldi, Episcopi Wintoniensis - 591 

1180. De Sancto Ethelwoldo, Episcopo et Gonfessore - 591 

1181. Do Bancto Adelwoldo Wintoniensi Episcopo et Gon- 

fessore ---... 591 

1182. Vita S. Ethelwoldi Episcopi - - - - 591 

1183. (locelinna Monachus de Vita- Sanctaa Edithse Vir- 

ginia - - - - ' - - - 592 

1184. De Sancta Editha, Virgine et Abbatissa - - 592 

1185. Translatio ipsins Ediths cnni sequentibas signis - • 593 

1186. History of the Foundation of the Priory of Wilton, 

in old English verse, containing many matters re- 
lating to King Egbert and other Saxon Kings ; also 
the Life and Miracles of St. Editha, and her Trans- 
lation ------- 693 

1187. S. Abbonia Floriacensis Epistola encyclica ad Mona- 

chos Anglia; ------ 594 

1188. Vita S. Dunstani, Archiepiscopi et Gonfessoris, 

auctore, ut videtur, Bridfertho, Bamesiensi Mona- 
cho ------- 594 

1189. Vita S. Dunstani, Archiepiscopi Cantuariensis, au- 

thore Osbemo Monacho et Prrocentore Ecclesise 
Ghristi Gantuariensis ----- 597 

1190. Liber. II. de vita Dunstani, seu de miraoulis' ejus, 

auctore Osbemo ----- 600 

1191. Vita S. Dunstani, Archiepiscopi Gantuariensis, au- 

thore Eadmero ----- 601 

1192. Vita Sancti Dunstani, Archiepiscopi et Gonfes- 

soris - - , - - , - . 603 

1193. Fragmenta ex alia Vita Sancti Dunstani, auctore 

Osberto Monacho, seeculo xii. - . . 603 

1194. Fragmenta ex Libro de Miraoulis S. Dunstani, auc- 

tore Osberto, Monacho Gantuariensi - - - 604 

1195. Guilielmi Malmesburiensis de vita S. Dunstani Ar- 

chiepiscopi Libri duo - - - - 605 

1196. Epistola Adelardi, Blandinensis cosnobii, ad Elpho- 

gum Archiepiscopum de vita patris Dunstani - 606 

1197. De Sancto Dunstano, Episcopo et Gonfessore - - 607 

1198. De Sancto Dimstano, Episcopo et Gonfessore - - 607 

1199. Sermo de maxima laude Sancti Dunstani, Archiepis- 

copi et Gonfessoris - - - - , 607 

1200. Miracula de S. Dunstano .... 607 



ex TABLE OF CONTENTS. 

No. VuKB 

1201. Epistola ad Glastonienaes Elmeri, aliier Edmeri, quo 

tempore GlaBtonieiiBes asserebant se corpna Patroni 
nostri Sancti Dunstani habere ... 608 

1202. De Translatione S. Dunstani, Cantuariensis Archie- 

piscopi -..--- 608 

1203. Hymnus ad S. Donstanum, cnm notis mnsiciB - 608 

1204. The Life of Donstane, Archbisshopp of Canterbnrie. 

Written by Osbeme, a Monk of Canterbnrie, who 

lived in the yeare of oure Lorde 1020 - - 609 

1205. De Sancto Dunstano - - - - - 609 

1206. Vita Sancti Oswaldi, Eboracensis Archiepiscopi - 609 

1207. De Sancto Oswaldo, Arohiepiscopo et Gonfessore - 611 

1208. Yita Oswaldi, Episcopi Wigomiensis et Archiepiscopi 

Eboracenais, anotore Eadmero ... 612 

1209. Magistri Senati, Prioris Wigomiensis, Yita Sancti 

Oswaldi, Archiepiscopi - - - - 613 

1210. De Sancto Oswaldo, Eboracensi Arohiepiscopo et Gon- 

fessore ...... 613 

1211. Yita S. Oswaldi, Archiepiscopi Eboracensis, auctore 

anonymo Bamsiensi - » . . . 614 

1212. Passio S. Oswaldi 614 

1213. Life of S. Oswald the Archbishop - - - 614 

1214. The Battle of Maldon and Death of the Ealdorman 

Byrhtnoth - - - - - - 615 

1215. De Bege ^thelberto ej usque progenie : necnon de 

Sanctis qui in Anglica patria requiescunt - - 615 

1216. Dudo de S. Qaintino de Grestis Ducum Normanniaa, 

ab anno 860 usque ad annum 1002 - - - 616 

1217. Yita Abbonis, Abbatis Floriacensis, auctore Aimone - 617 

1218. Yersus quidam in laudem Monasterii Bamsciensis, 

auctore Abbone Floriacensis .... 610 

1219. Yita SanctsB Kennochse, Yirginis Scotiad - - 619 

1220. Yita Sancti Elphegi, Archiepiscopi Gantuariensis, 

authore Osbemo, monacho Cantuariensi • - 619 

1221. Osbemi Historia de Translatione Corporis S. 

Elphegi, Archiepiscopi Gantuariensis, a Lundonia 

ad Gantuariam ..... 621 

1222. Yita S. Elphegi, Gantuariensis Archiepiscopi - 622 

1223. De Sancto Elphego, Arohiepiscopo et Martyre - 622 

1224. The Life of St. Alphege, by Bobert of Gloucester - 623 

1225. Chronicon ab Adventu Saxonum ad Begem Edwardum 

Ironside ....-- 623 

1226. Yita S. Ailwini, Mouachi et Episcopi Elmensis, 

auctore Johanne de Tynemonth ... 623 

1227. Fulberti Camotensis Episcopi Epistolie Selectsa • 624 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



CXI 



No. 

1228. De ConsiamctioneWintomenBisOoBnobii, quod Novnm 

mmonpator --.... 

1229. Chronica Johanms Wallingford 

1230. Historia qiuedam de Cnnto .... 

1231. Emm» Anglomm Beginae, Bichardi I. Duels Nor- 

mannomm Filiss, Encomium, incerto auctore, Bed 
coffitaneo ...... 

1232. De Origine Godwini Comitis et ejus moribus 

1233. Hiatoria Translationis S. Lewina), Yirginis et Mar- 

tyris, ex Anglia, in Monasterimn Bergense ; auctore 
Drogone, ejusdem loci Monacbo cofequali - 

1234. Chroiiicon breve a Chriato nato ad annum 1062 

1235. Historia Bamesiensis, sive Liber de Fundatione et 

Benefactoribus Ccenobii BamesieneiB. Auctore 
anonymo - - . - 

1236. La Estoire de Seint Aedward le Bei • 

1237. Yita ^duuardi Begis, qui apud Westmonasterium 

requiescit - - - . . 

1238. Yita et Miracula Sancti Edwardi, Begis et Con 

fesBoris, abbreviata ex Tractatu domini Osbemi 
[Osberti], Westmonasteriensis Prioris 

1239. Yita et Miracula Confessoris Christi Edwardi, Begis 

Anglorum, per Aelredum Bievallensem Abbatem 

1240. Yita Beati Edvardi, Begis et Confessoris, carmine 

1241. Yita S. Edwardi Confessoris, Begis Anglias - 

1242. Bevelatio S. Edwardi, Begis et Confessoris - 

1243. De Sancto Edwardo, Bege et Confessore 

1244. De Edwardi Anglorum Exequiis 

1245. Epistola in Yita B. Begis Edwardi, Domino cele 

berrimo Ostiensi Episcopo et BomansB Ecclesiaa 
Legato, prsemissa, Epistola Osberti de Clara ad 
Dominum Henrioum, Wintoniensem Episcopum, 
Apostolicss Sedis Legatum, de canonizando Sancto 
Bege Eadwardo, cum Epistolis Henrici Episcopi 
Wintoniensis et Begis Stephani ad Lmocentium 
Papam de eodem orgumento, cum ejus Besponsoria 
ad Abbatem et Fratres S. Petri Westmonasterii • 

1246. S. Edwardi Begis et Confessoris vita, auctore an- 

onymo, AngHce 

1247. SulcarduB Monachus de prima constructione et 

dedicafcione Ecclesise Westmonasterii 

1248. Speculum Historiale de G^stis Begum Angliaa, per 

Bicardum, Ecclesise Beati Petri Westmonasterii, 
prope Londoniam, Monacbum, ab anno 449 usque 
ad aonum 1066 ..... 



Page 

624 
625 
626 



627 
630 



630 
632 



632 
634 

635 



636 

638 
639 
640 
641 
642 
642 



642 



643 



644 



645 



VOL. I. 



CXii TABLE OF CONTENTS. 

No. A«e 

1249. The Anglo-Saxon Ohroniole - • * ^6417 

1250. Annales Saxonici a Jul. Cffisar. ad an. 1070 - - 51 

1251. Chronicon Saxonicum, a Jnlio Gesare tuqae ad an- 

num Domini 1001 inclnaive • . - - 654 

1252. Annales Saxonice ab Incam. ad an. 977 « - 655 

1253. Chronicon Sazonicnm a Jnl. Gaesar. ad ann. 1066 - 656 

1254. Chronioon Saxonicnm ab Inoam. ad ann. 1079 - 657 

1255. Chronioon Sazonionm ab Xncamatione ad A.D. 

1154 657 

1256. Chronioon Saxonioo-Latinnm a Ghristo nato ad A.D. 

1058 660 

1257. The Anglo-Sazon Laws - - - - 660 

1258. Welsh Laws 662 

1259. Brehon Laws 664 

1260. Codex Diplomaticus ^yi Saxonici - - » 665 

1261. De Dignitate HOminnm • - - - 665 

1262. Catalogos Sanotomm qui in Anglia reqnieBOimtii yel 

exinde originem traxenint .... 6^ 

1263. De Sanctis in Anglia sepnltis . • • 666 

1264. Excerpta e seonndo Libro Historic Eliensis - - 666 

1265. Godefridi de Malmesbnry ab adyenta Saxonnm ad 

tempore Begis Gkdlielmi primi Historia, qnando 
Normanni regnare ooBpemnt • . . 667 

1266. Nomina Kormannorum qni flomenmt in Anglia ante 

Conquestum -..•.. 667 

1267. YitaHaroldi, qnondam Anglomm Begis • - 668 

1268. Versus circa Tumbam Haroldi Begis • - 671 

1269. De Bello Hastingensi Carmen, anotoreW. - - 671 

1270. Balderici Burguliensis Abbatis, Yersus de Conquesta 

Angliad per Guilielmum Normannornm Dncem 
ex majore Poemate nunoapato aa Adelam Gomi- 
tissam .....•- 673 

1271. Obituaria diyersanun Eoolesianun siye GoBnobiomm 

usque ad annum 1066 . • . • 673 

1272. De Ecclesiis fundatis ante adventom Normamionim 

in Angliam ...••. 674 

1273. Chronioon de rebus gestis Anglo-Saxonum a tem- 

pore Begis Yortigemi, usque ad yiotoriam Nor- 
mannornm ...••• 674 

1274. G^nealogia Edwardi, Begis Anglomm et Confessoris, 
_ a Sema filio Noaohi ; in qua breyieulse deducuntur, 

narratioiies de successione Begum Angliae usque 

ad mortem Haraldi filii oomitis Godwini • - 674 

1275. Historia brevis aBrutousque ad tempera Begis Ed- 

wardi Confessoris . . • * . 674 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. CXUl 

Na Page 

1276. Polychronicon Banulphi Higdeni, Monachi Oestren- 

sis, de rebnB Britannicis et HibemiciB usqne ad 
ConqueBtom -...-- 675 

1277. De Connnbiis et Prole Begum AnglisB, ab Alnredo 

ad Willelmam Frimuin .... 675 



i 2 



A CATALOGUE 



OF THE 



MATERIALS FOR THE HISTORY OF 

BRITAIN. 



The materials for the History of Britain, anterior to the 
writings of Beda and those attributed to Gildas and 
Nennius, are to be gleaned solely from the Greek, Roman, 
and Byzantine authors, and from Inscriptions* and Coins.t 

In reference to such materials, it will be sufficient for 
the purpose of this work to name the volumes where the 
passages in question are to be found ; mention being also 
made of the pages of the " Monumenta Historica Britan- 
nica," where the passages are set forth at length. . 

For the conyenience of those who may not possess the 
** Monumenta,'' the editions of the authors cited are here 
given. 



* In the ^ Monmnenta Historica Britannica " pp. cyi.-cxx. will be 
fi>imd a coUection of snch Inscriptloxui as bear npon die general history of 
this island. 

f Of the British Coins antecedent to the Roman Inyasion, a plate of 
about 53 types is given in the " Monumenta." Those who are interested 
in this branch of our history, may consult with advantage Mr. Beale 
Foste's work on ''Celtic Inscriptions on Gaulish and British Coins." 
Engravings of Boman Coins relating to Britain may be seen in the 
*' Monumenta Historica Britannica." 



CXVl 

EXCERPTA DE BRITANNIA,* 

Ex SCBIPTOBIBirS GR£CIS atqtte Latikis. 
Authors who wrote before the Birth of Christ 

(Names and panagea included in brackets are either wholly or in part 
omitted in the Man, Higt. Britannica.) 

AC. B16. [ONOMACRITirS.t — Onomaoriti Argonautica: w. 
1163-7, 1187-8. EA Lipsise, 1764.] Preface to Monu- 
menta Historica Britaimica, p. 49. 

A.C. 446. HERODOTUS.— Herodoti Hifltoria : Ub. iiL sect. 116. 
Ed. Sdiweigbaduseri, Argentorati, 1796. Mon. Hist. Brit, 
p. i. 

AC. 345. ARISTOTLE. -^Aristoteles de Mundo :J c. iii. Ed. 
Kappii, Altenb., 1792. — De Republics, : lib. iL c. 9. Ed. 
Oxonii, 1810. Aion. Hist. Brit. pp. L, Ixxxvii. 

AC. 330. [HECAT^US§ OF ABDERA — Hecatrous apud 
Diod. Sic. ii. 47. q. v. C£ etiam SchoL in Apollonium 
Rhodium, ii. 676.] 

* Allnsions to Cassiterides and Thnle are included under this head. 

t It is Tery doabtftd whether these passages in reality bear any 
reference to Britain. The Greek poem on the Argonantio Expedition, 
fonneriy inclnded among the (htPmcA, or works ascribed to Orpheus, is 
now generally attriboted to Onomacritus, who was probably contemporary 
with the FisistratidflB. 

X This treatise is now generally acknowledged to be spnrions. Ify some 
it has been attributed to Chrysippns, and by others to Poeidonias i while 
some writers haye asserted that it is a Greek vendoii of a Latin work by 
Apuleius. 

§ This passage of HecatBus was excluded by the Bditor of the ''Monu- 
menta Historica Britannica " from the classical excerpts therein contained, 
in- the ^1 persuasion that it had no relation to Britain ; but as several 
learned men, who have given much attention to the subject of the Dnddical 
worship in this country, are of opinion that the passage in question has 
reference to Stonehenge. or some other locality in the British islands, it 
has been deemed advisable to print it at the end of this Notice of the 
"Excerpta de Britannia ;" the Right Honourable Sir John Bomilly, Master 
of the Bolls, having obligingly supplied the passage. It may be as well 
also to state that it was, until the present century, attributed to Hecatieus of 
Miletus, who wrote a work on Geography, and died about the year 490 A.C. ; 
but now, in accordance with the opinions of Bishop Kaye and Bindor^ it 
is assigned to Hecateeus of Abdera, who wrote, among other works, a 
History of the Hyperboreans. He was contemporary with Alexander the 
Great, and accompanied him as &r as Syria in his Asiatic expedition. 



Gxni 

A.0. 160. POLYBIUS.— Polybii Historia : Ub. iii c. 67. Ed. 
SchweighfiBUser, lipedse, 1789. . Mon. Hist. Brit. p. i 

A.C. 66. CICERO.— Marci Tullii Cioeronis Epistolae ad Earn- 
liares : Ad Trebatium : lib. vii. ep. G^ep. 7, ep. 8, ep. 10^ 
ep. 11, ep. 14, ep. 16, ep. 17. — ^Ad Atticiim : lib. iv. ep. 16, 
ep. 16, ep. 17. — Ad Quintmn Eratrem : lib. ii. ep. 16, 
. ep. 16 ; lib. iii ep. 1. — De NatiuA Deorum : lib. ii. c. 34 ; 
Kb. iiL a 10. Ed. OUveti, Paris,, 1742. Mon. Hist. Brit, 
jpp. Ixxxvii, Ixxxviii. 

AC. 61. LUCRETIUS. — Titus Lucretius Carus de Rerum 
Naturft : lib. vi v. 1104. Ed. Havercampi, Lugd. Batav., 
1726. Mon. Hist. Brit. p. Ixxxviii. 

AC. 49. CATULLUS.— Caii Valerii Catulli Canmna : carm. xi 
Ad Eurium et Aurelium ; carm. xxix. In Csesarem ; 
carm. xlv. De Acme et Septimio. Ed. Doering, Lipsise, 
1788. Mon. Hist Brit. p. Ixxxviii 

AC. 44. OaiSAR.— Caius Julius Csesor de Bello Gallico : lib. ii 
cc. 4, 14 ; lib. iu. cc. 8, 9 ; lib. iv. cc. 20-38 ; lib. v. cc. 1-23; 
lib. vL ca 13-20 ; Ub. viL cc 76, 76- — De BeUo Civili : 
lib. i. c. 64. Ed. Oudendorpii, Lugd. Batav., 1737. Mon. 
Hist Brit. pp. xxviL-xxxiv., Locrvii. 

AC. 44. DIODORUS SICULUS.— Diodori Siculi BibUotheca 
Histories : lib. i a 4 ; [lib. iL a 47.] ;* lib. iii. c. 38 ; 
lib. V. cc 21, 22, 31, 32, 38. Ed. Dindoifii, lipsiro, 1828. 
Mon. Hist. Brit. pp. i, ii., iii., ciii.t 

AC. 30. STRABO. — Strabonis Geographia : tom. 1. lib. i p. 92 ; 
lib. ii. pp. 107, 110, 130, 142, 153, 166, 169, 167, 168; 
Ub. ui. pp. 197, 239 ; Ub. iv. pp. 261, 263, 268, 269, 
271, 276, 277, 278. Ed. Falconeri, Oxon., 1807. Mon. 
HBst. Brit. pp. iii — ^vii, xc, dv.t 



* See '' Heeateufl of Abden," in the preoeding page. 

t In reference solely to the Dmidio vorship of the Qaols. 



cxvm 

A,C- 19. VIRGIL— Publii Virgilii Maronia Edogae : L a v. 65.— 
Qeorgica : lib. i. v. 30 ; lib. iii. v. 24. Ed. Burmoimi, 
Amstelod., 1746. Moil Hist. Brit p. Ixxxviii. 

A.C. 18. TIBULLUS.— AlbU TibuIU Cormina : Kb. iv., caxm. L 
V. 147. Ed. Vulpii, Patavifls, 1749. Mon- Hist Brit 
p. Ixxxix. 

A.C. 10. CORVINUS. — ^Messala Corvinus de Progenie Augusti : 
c. 35. Ed. Hayercampi^ Lugd. Batav.^ 1729. Mon. Hist 
Brit p. xxxiv. 

A.C. 10. PROPERTIUS. — Sexti Auwlii Propertii Carmina: 
Kb. ii. eL 1. v. 73 ; el 18, v. 23 ; eL 27. v. 6 ; Kb. iv. 
el. 3. V. 7. Ed. Vulpii, Patavi», 1755. Mon, Hist Biit 

p. 1 XXXIX. 

A.a 8. HORACE. — Quinti Horatii Flaoci Carmina : Kb. L 
od. 21, V. 13 ; od. 35, v. 30; Kb. iiL od. 4, v. 33 ; od. 5, 
V. 3 ; lib. iv. od. 14, v. 48. — Epodon Liber: od, 7, v. 7. 
Ed. Zeunii, Lond., 1796. Mon. Hist Brit pp. JxxxviiL, 
Ixxxix, 

AC. 6. GRATIUS FALISCTJS.— Gratii Falisd Cynegeticon : 
lib. V. V. 174. Ed. Burmanni, Lugd. Batav., 1731. Mon. 
Hist. Brit. p. Ixxxix. 

Authors who wrote after the Birth of Christ. 

AD. 17. OVID. — Publii Ovidii Nasonis Amores : Kb. ii. eL xvi 
V. 37. — Metamorphoses : lib. xv. v. 752. Ed. Burmanni, 
Amstelod., 1727. Mon. Hist Brit. p. Ixxxix. 

AD. 30. PATERCULUS.— Velleii PatercuK Historia Romana : 
lib. iL cc. 46, 47. Ed. Burmanni, Roterodami, 1756. 
Mon. Hist Brit p. xxxv. 

AD. 30. VALERIUS MAXIMUS.— Valerii Maximi Dicta Me- 
morabiUa: lib. iii. cc. 2, 23. Ed. Kappii, Lipsise, 1782. 
Mon. Qist. Brit. p. xxxiv. 



\ 



CXIX 

A.D.45. POMPONITTS MELA. — Pomponius Mela de Situ 
Orbis : lib. i c. 3 ; lib. ii. c. 6. lib. ; iii. cc. 2, 6. EA Qronovii. 
Lugd. Batav., 174!8. Mon. Hist. Brit. pp. vii., civ.* * 

A.D. 64. DIOSCORIDES. — Dioscorides de Medica Materia : 
lib. ii GL 110. Ed. Saraoeni, Francof., 1598. Mon. Hist. 
Brit. p. xa 

A.D. 65. SENECA. — Lucii Aimsei SenecsB Ludus de Morte 
Claudii Csesaris: cc. 3, 8, 12. Ed. Ruhkopf., Lipsias, 1808, 
— ^TragoediaB : Octavia : — Act. i. w. 26, 38. — De Consola- 
tione adPolybium : a 32. — De ConsolatiOne ad Mardam : 
c. 14. Ed. Schroederi, Delphis., 1728. Mon. Hist. Brit. 

p. XCL 

A.D. 65. LXJCAN. — Marci Annaei Lucani Pharsalia : lib. i. w. 
356, 447;t ^^' "• ▼. 571 ; lib. iiL v. 76; Ub. iv. v. 130 : 
lib. vi. V. 67. Ed. Burmanni, Lugd. Batay., 1740. Mon. 
Hist. Brit pp. xc xcL 

A.D. 68. SILIUS ITALICUS.— Silii Italid Bellum Punicura : 
lib. iii V. 596 ; lib. xvii. v. 414. Ed. Drakenborchii, 
Traject. ad Ehenum, 1717. Mon. Hisi Brit. p. xd. 

A.D. 70. VALERIUS FLACCUS.— VaJerii Flacd Argonautica : 
lib. i. V. 7. Ed. Burmanni, Lugd. Batav., 1724. Mon. Hist. 
Brit. p. xci. 

A.D. 70, JOSEPHUS. — Flavius Josephus de Bello Judaico : 
lib. ii c. 16 ; lib. iiL a 1 ; lib. vi. c. 6 ; lib. vii c. 4. Ed. 
Hudfioni, Oxon., 1720. Mon. Hist. Brit. p. xxxv. 

A.D 79. PLINY. — Caii Plinii Secundi Historia Naturalis : lib. ii. 
sa 77, 99 ; lib. iii s. 20 ; lib. iv. ss. 30, 33, 36 ; lib. vi. 
a 39 ;] lib. vii. s. 57; lib. ix. ss. 57, 79 ; lib. x. a 29 ; 
lib. XV. a 30 ; lib. xvi ss. 76, 95 ; lib. xviL a 4 ; lib. 
xxiL a 2 ; lib. xxiv. ss. 62, 63 ; lib. xxv. sa 6, 65 ; 
lib. xxviL a 1 ; lib. xxix. a 12 ; lib. xxx. ss. 3, 4 ; lib. 
xxxii. a 21 ; lib. xxxiii. ss. 6, 16 ; lib. xxxiv. a 49 ; 
lib. xxxvii. s. 11. Ed Harduini, Paris., 1723. Mon. 
Hist. Brit. pp. viii., ix, xci., civ.,* cv.* 



* In reference solely to the Droidic worship of the Gaols. 

t In reference solely to the Druidic worship of the Northern nations. 



A.D. 80. SOLINXra— Caii Julii Soliiii Folyhistom: oa 22, 28, 
S3. E<L Sabnacdii Traject. ad Bhenum, 1689. Hon. Hist. 
Brit. pp. iXy z. 

A.D. 80. TACITUS.— Caii Comdii Taciti HistoriiB : lib. i, cc. 
2, 6—9, 52, 69, 60, 61, 70 ; Ub. iL ca 11, 27, 81, 32, 37, 
57, 66, 66, 86, 97, 100 ; Ub. iii ca 1, 2, 15, 22, 41, 44, 
46 ; Ub. iv. oa 12, 15, 68, 76, 79 ; Ub. v. a 16.— liber de 
Moribus Germanoruin : oc. 39, 40, 45. — ^De Yitft Agricolse : 
oa 5, 7-40. — ^Aimales : Ub. iL a 24 ; Ub: xL a 3 ; Ub. xii 
ca 31-40; Ub. xiiL a 32; Ub. xiv. oa 29-39; Ub. zvi 
c. 15. Ed. Brotierii, Parisiis, 1771. — Dialogus de Orato- 
ribus : a 17. Ed. Ernesti, Lipsise, 1772. Moil Hist Brit 
pp. xxxvL.-xlviu, xci 

A.D. 83. FRONTINUS.— Sexti JuUi Frontini Stratagemata : 
Ub. iL c. xiiL & xL Ed. Yariorom, Lngd Batav., 1779. 
Mon. Hist. Brit. p. xcL 

AD. 90. QUINCTILIAN. — Marcus Fabius QuinctiUanus de 
Institutione Oratoris : lib. viL a 4. Ed Burmanni, 
Lugd. Batav., 1720. Mon. Hist. Brit. p. xciL 

AD. 90. JUVENAL. — Decimi Junii JuvenaUs Satyrse : sat u. 
V. 169 ; sat iv. w. 126, 140 ; sat x. v. 13 ; sat xiv. v. 
196 ; sat xv. w. Ill, 124. Ed. Ruperti, Lipste, 1801. 
Men. Hist. Brit p. xcL 

AD. 90. MARTIAL. — Mard Valerii MartiaUs Epigrammata: 
Ub. iv. epig. 56 ; Ub. x. epig. 44 ; Ub. xL epig. 4, 22, 64 ; 
Ub. xu. epig. 8 ; Ub. xiv. epig. 99. — Liber de SpectacuUs : 
epig. 7. In usum Delphini, Amstelod, 1701. Mon, Hist 
Brit pp. xcL, xdi.* 

AD. 96. STATIUS.— PubUi Papinii Statii Sylv©: Ub. v. 2, 
w. 54, 140. Ed. Marklandi, Lotidoii., 1728. Mon. Hist 
Brit. p. xciL 

* It 18 not nnirorthy of remark, that Addison, in bis dialogue on Medals^ 
tranBlates a passage in Epig. 72, x., " Fictornm sola basiate regam" — 
** Or on the ground all prostrate £ing 
« Some Pict, before bis barbarous king ;*' 
the &ct bdng that the Picts were in all probability nnheard of at Borne 
till long after Martial's day. The word ^^pictomm^* no doubt bears refer- 
ence to the embroidered tobeft of the Fartfaian kings. 



AJ). 100. CLEMENS BOMANXJS. — GementiB Bomani Epi- 
stobd : epistola prima^ ad CormthioSy cap. 5. Ed. Wottoni, 
Cantab.^ 1718. Mon. Hist Brit. p. xdi. 

A.D. 116. rLORITS.— Lucii AimaBi Flori Epitome Eerum Roma- 
(drca). naram: lib. iiL cc. 10^ 12; lib. iv. a 2. Ed. Dukeri, 
Lugd. Batav., 1744. Mon. Hist. Brit. pp. xlviii, zlix. 

Hoic Floro tribtiitur etiam Livii Epitome : lib. 

cv. Ed. Heamii, Oxonii, 1708. Mon. Hist Brit. p. ttIit 

A.D. 130. SUETONIUS.— Caii Suetonii TraDquiUi de XXL C»- 
(drca). saribus: lib. i, de Caio Julio Osesare, cc. 25, 46, 47, 58 ; 
lib. iv., de Caio Cffisare Caligula, cc 19, 43, 44, 46 ; lib. 
v., de Claudio Csesare, cc. 17, 21, 25, 27, 28 ; lib. vi, 
de Nerone Ceosare, oa 18, 39, 40 ; lib. vii., de Sergio 
Oalbft, a 7 ; lib. ix., de Aulo Yitellio, a 2 ; lib. x., de 
Tito Flavio Yespaaiano, a 4 ; lib. xL, de Tito Flavio Ves- 
pasiano, a 4 ; lib. xiL, de Flavio Domitiano, c. 10. Ed. 
Wolfii, Lipsi©, 1802. Mon. Hist. Brit. pp. xlix., L, cv.* 

A.D. 109. PLUTARCH. — Plutarchi Vitamm ParallelaD: Vita 
Julii CaBsaris, ss. 16, 23. Ed Coraye, Parisiis, 1809. — 
De Defectu Oraculomm Liber : cc. 2, 18. — De Pladtis 
Philosophorum : lib. v. c 30. Ed. Wyttenbacbii, Oxon., 
1795. Mon. Hist. Brit. pp. xlviii., xcii 

A.D. 120. PTOLEMY.— Claudii Ptolemsei Geographia: lib. i. ca 
7, 11, 15 ; lib. ii. ca 1, 2, 3 ; lib. viL c. 6 ; lib. viii a 2. 
Ed. Bertii, Lngd. Batav., 1618. — Syntaxis Mathematica. 
Ed. HalmsB, Paris., 1813. torn, i p. 85. — De Judidis Astro- 
logicis TetrabibHon : lib. il a 3. Ed. Norimbergss, 1535. 
Mon. Hist. Brit pp. x-xvi, xciii 

AJD. 138. APOLLONIUS DYSCOLUS. — ApoUonii DyscoK 
Alexandrini Historica Commenta: d xv. Ed. Lugd- 
Batav., 1620. Mon. Hist. Brit p. xciiL 

A.D. 140. APPIAN. — Appiani Alexandrini Roniamd Historise : 
PrsBfat, ss. 1, 5 ; lib. iv. ss. 5, 19 ; lib. vL a 1. — De Bellis 



* In xef erence Mlely to the Draidic worship of the Qftols. 



CX2U1 



Civilibus : lib. ii ss. l?, 150. Ed Schweighssuseri^ Lipsue, 
1786. Moil Hist. Brit. pp. 1., xciii. 

A.D. 140. OPPIAN.— Oppiani Cyn^etica : Ub. L v. 468. Ed. 
De Ballu, Argentorai, 1786. Hon. Hist Brit. p. xciii 

A,D. 140. PAXJSANIAS. — Pausanico GraeciaB Descriptio: lib. i. 
c. 33; lib. viiL c. 43. Ed. Facii, lipsiae, 1794. Mon« 
Hist Brit p. 1. 

A.D. 160. ARISTIDES. — .Elii Axistidis Adrianensis Oratio 
^gyptiaca. Ed. Jebbii, Oxon., 1732, torn. iL p. 355. 
Hon. Hist. Brit. p. xciii 

A.D. 180. THEOPHILUS ANTIOCHENUS.— Theophilus Anti- 
ochenus de Fide ChristianoruiQ : lib. ii c 46. Ed. Wolfii, 
Hamburg., 1724. Mon. Hist. Brit p. xciii 

A.D. 180. POLYiENUS.— Polyseni Stratagemata : Ub. viii c. 23, 
a 5. Ed. Mursumas, Berolini, 1756. Mon. Hist Brit p. L 

A.D. 190. ATHENiEUS. — Athensei Deipnosophistse : lib. vi. a 
21. Ed. Schweighsetiseri, Argentorat, 1802.^ Mon. Hist. 
Brit p. xciv. 

A.D. 200. HEGESIPPUS.— Hegesippus de Bello Judaico : lib. 
ii c. 9 ; lib. iii. c. 1 ; lib. v. a 15. Ed. Coloniae, 1559. 
Mon. Hist Brit p. xxxv. 



•d 



DTONYSIUS PEEIEGETA.— Dionysii Orbia Perie- 
gesis: w. 283, 561. Apud Hudsoni Gteographos Minores, 
Oxon., 1712 ; torn. iv. Mon. Hist. Brit p. xvi. 



is 

•°J , 11> 12, 16. — ^De Didio Juliano, c. 5. — De Severo, cc. 6, 

ii ^ 



SPARTIANUS.— iElius Spartiaows de Adriano : ca 5, 



5 



18, 19, 22, 23, 24. Apud Historiae Augusteo Scriptores, 
Lugd. Batav., 1671. Mon. Hist Brit. pp. Ixiv., Ixv. 

THE SIBYLLINE ORACLES. — Sibylte Oracula : 
lib. v. Ed Servati, Amstelod., 1689, p. 581. Mon. Hist 
Brit p. xdv. 



CXXlll 

A.D. 206. CLEMENS ALEXANDRINUS. — Clementis Alex- 
ondrini Stromata * lib. vii. Ed. Fotteri, Oxon., 1715. 
Mon. Hist. Brit. p. xciv. 

A.D. 208. TERTULLIAN.— Tertullianus adversus Judaeos : c. 7. 
— ^De Habitu Midiebri : a 6. Ed. Oberthur., Wirceburgi, 
1780. Mon. Hist. Brit. p. xciv. 

A.D. 210. MINUCIUS FELIX.— Minudi FeUcis Octavius : a 18. 
Ed. Davisii, Cantab., 1712. Mon. Hist. Brit. p. xciv. 

A.D. 220. MLIAN, — iEUanus de Natnrft AnimaKum : lib. xv, c. 8. 
Ed Gronovii, Lond, 1744. Mon. Hist. Brit p. xdv. 

A.D. 230. ORIGEN. — Origenis Commentarium in Matthseum : 
torn, ii pp. 448, 460. — In Ezecfaiel Homilia 4 : (vertente 
Hieronymo), torn. iiL p. 370. — In Matthseum Commen- 
tarium : ib. p. 868. — In Lucam Homilia 6 : (vertente 
Hieronymo), ib. p. 939. Ed Dekrae, Paris., 1740. Mon 
Hist. Brit. p. xciv. 

A.D. 230. DION CASSIUS.— Cassii Dionis Cocceiani Historia 
Bomana: lib. xxxix. sect. 60, 61-63; Ub. xL seci 1--4; 
lib. xli sect. 30, 32, 34 ; Kb. xUv. sect. 42, 43, 49 ; lib. 
xlix. sect. 38 ; lib. L sect. 24 ; lib. liii. sect. 7, 12, 22, 25 ; 
lib. Iv. sect. 23 ; lib. lix. sect. 21, 26 ; lib. Ix. sect 19-23, 
30. Ed Beimari, Hamburg., 1760. Mon. Hist Brit 
pp. li-lv. 

JOANNIS XIPHILINI* EPITOME DIONIS CAS- 
SII : lib. xlii. ss. 1-4 ; Ixv. s. 8 ; lib. Ixvi s. 20 ; lib. Ixix. 
s. 13 ; lib. IxxiL s& 8, 9 ; lib. Ixxiii. ss. 4, 14, 16 ; lib. 
Ixxv. s. 5 ; lib. Ixxvi. ss. 10, 11, 12-16 ; lib. IxxviL s. 1. Ed 
Beimari, Hamburg., 1752. Mon. Hist Brit pp. Iv.-lxiL 

DIONE Excerpta xc. Angeli Mai Scriptorum Veterum 
Nova Collectio : torn, ii pp. 208-224. Bom©, 1827. 
Mon. Hist Brit pp. xdv., xcv. 



This Epitomiser of Dion Caflsias lived in the deventh century. 



cxxlv 

AJD. 238. HERODIAN.— Herodiani Historia : lib. il oc. 48, 49 ; 
Ub. iii oc. 16, 18, 19, 20-24, 46-61. Ed. Irmischi, lip- 
siae, 1789. Mon. Hist Brit. pp. Ldi-bdv. 

A.D. 280. NEMESIANUS.— Marci Aurelii Olympii Nemesiaiii 
Cynegeticon : w. 69, 123. Ed. Burmamu, Lngd. Batav., 
1731, Mon. Hist Brit p. xcv. 

Ab. PANEGTRICI VETERES.— Ed. De la Baume, Paris., 
AD. 292 1676 : Ei Amtzenii, Traject ad Rheniim, 1790. Mon. 

^^^P* Hist Brit pp. Ixvi-lxx. 
388. ^^ 

AGATHAMERUS.— Agathameri Geographia : lib. ii. 
ca 4, 8, 14. Apud Hudsoni Geographos Minores^ Ozonii, 
1698-1712. Mon. Hist. Brit p. xviiL 

MARCIANUS HERACLEOTA. — Marciajii Hera- 
deotee Feriplus : lib. L Apud Hudsoni Geographos Minores, 
Oxonii, 1698-1712 ; torn. L pp. 2, 9, 36, 48, 49, 57. Mon. 
Hist. Brit. pp. xviL, xviii 

AD. 800. CAPITOLINUS.— Julius Capitolinus de Antonio Pio : 
c. 6. — ^De Marco Antonino Philosopho: ca 8, 22. — ^De 
Pertinaoe : cc. 2, 3, 4.— De Clodio Albino, ca 13, 14. — De 
Gordiano,c. 3. Apud Historisa August® Scriptores, Lugd. 
Batav., 1671. Mon. Hist Brit p. Ixv. 

A.D. 300. LAMPRIDIUS. — -ffilius Lampridius de Commodo 
Antonino : oa 6, 8, 13. — De Alexandro Severo, c. 59. 
Apud Historise Augustaa Scriptores, Lugd. Batav., 1671. 
Mon. EQst Brit p. Ixvi 

A.D300. VOPISCTJS.— Plavius Vopiscus Syracusius de Flo- 
riano : a 2. — De Probo : a 18. — De Bonoso : c. 14. — ^De 
Carino : c. 1. Apud EQstorisB August8B Scriptores, Lugd. 
Batav., 1671. Mon. Hist. Brit p. Ixvi. 

AD. 310 LUCIUS AMPELIUS.— Ludi Ampelii Liber Memo- 
(circa). rialis : cc. 6, 18, 47. Ed. Dukeri, Lugd. Batav., 1744. 
Men. Hist Brit p. Ixx. 



csxv 

ANTONINUS. — Antonini Augasti ^ Itinerariom : 
Excerpta de Britanxiia. Ed. Wesselingii, Amstelod, 1735 : 
p. 463. Mon. Hist. Brit pp. xx-xxiL 

A.D. 314. DE STNODO AEELATENSL— Excerptum de Britan- 
nia 6 Labbffii Conciliis. Paris., 1671 ; torn. L ooL 1430. 
Mon« Hist. Brit. p. xcdx. 

A.D. 319. CODEX THEODOSIANUS.— Lib. xL, tit. 7, s. 2 : De 
Exactionibus. Ed. Lipsiae, 1736. Mon. Hist. Brit p. ei. 

AJD* 340. JULIUS FIRMICUS.— Julius Firmieus de Errore 
Fro&nanun Beligionum. Ed. Gronovii, Botterdami, 1743 ; 
p. 463. Mon. Hist. Brit. p. xcv. 

A.D. 340. EUSEBIUS.— Eusebii Famphili de Yitd, Consta^tim 
Libri : lib. i. cc 8, 25 ; lib. iii. a 19 ; lib. iv. a 50. Ed. 
Beadingiy CantabrigisB, 1720. — Chronica^ interprete Hie- 
ronymo: lib. ii. Ed. Scaligeri, Amstelod., 1658. — Demon- 
stratio Evangelica: lib. iii c. 7. Ed. Stephanie Paris., 
1646. — Prs^aratio Evangelica: lib. vi Ed. Vigeri, 
Bothomagi, 1628; p. 277. Mon. Hist. Brit. pp. Ixx., 
IxxxL; IxxxiL, xcv. 

A.D,340 EXPOSITIO TOTIUS MUNDL— Apud Hudsoni 
(circa)L Geographos Monores, Oxonii, 1698-1712 ; torn. iv. p. 20. 
Mon« Bjst Brit. p. xix. 

AJ). 350. ' ATHAN ASIUS. — ^Athanasii Apologia contra Arianos : 
torn. L'p. 123. — ^HistoriaArianorumadMonachos: torn. L 
p. 360. — Epistola ad Jovianum Imperatorem : torn. 1 
p. 781. Ed. Benedictina^ Paria, 169a Mon. Hist. Brit. 
p. xcv. 

A.D. 360. AURELIUS VICTOR. — Sextns Aurdius Victor de 
Viris Ulnstribns : cc. 24, 78, — ^De Csesaribns : ca 4, 20 
89; 40.— Epitome : ca 4, 20, 39, 41, 47, 48. Ed. Amtzenii, 
Amstelod., 1733. Mon. Hist. Brit. pp. Ixxi., Ixxii, xcv. 



* By some aiithorities, this Ittnaraty is attributed to the fecond ceatnry, 
bf others to the fourth. 



CXXVl 

A.I). 360. EUTROPIUS.— Flavii Eutropii Breviarium Historic 
RomansB: lib. vi. c. 17; lib. vii. ca 13, 14, 1.9 ; lib. viii. 
c. 19; lib. ix. cc 21, 22; lib. x. cc 1, 2. Ed. Haver- 
campi, Lugd. Batav., 1729. Mon. Hist. Brit p. IxxiL 

A.D. 360. LIBANIUS.— Libanii SophistsB Oratio Parentalis in 
Julianum Imperatorem : torn* i. p. 549. — Fan^yricus 
dictus Impp. Constantio et Constanti : torn, iii p. 320. 
Ed. B^iskii, Altenburgi, 1795. Mon. Hist. Brit. pp. xcv., 
xcvi. 

A,D. 860. RUFUS FESTUS. — Sexti Rufi Festi Breviarium: 
ca 3, 6. Ed. Havercampi, Lngd. Batav., 1729. Mon. 
Hist. Brit. p. Ixxi. 

A.D. 363. JULIAN. — Julianus Imperator ad S. P. Q. Atheniensem 
Epistola: pp. 279, 283.— De Csesaribus: p. 320. Ed. 
Spanheimii, Lipsise, 1696. Mon. Hist. Brit. pp. Ixx., Ixxi. 

A.D. 370. BASIL — S. Basilii in Hexameron Homiliee iv. : torn. i. 
p. 36. Ed. Benedictina, Paris. 1721. Mon. Hist Brit. 
. xcvi. 

AD. 370. RUFtJS FESTUS AVIENUS.— Rufi Festi Avieni 
Descriptio Orbis Terrse : w. 414 et seq., w. 745 et seq. — 
Ora Maritima : w. 94 et seq. Inter Wemsdorfii Poetas 
Latinos Minores, Helmstadise, 1791 ; torn. v. Mon. Hist 
Brit p. xix. 

A.D. 374. AMBROSIUS.— S. Ambrosii Hexameron : lib. iii c. 3. 
Ed. Benedictina, Paris., 1686; torn. i. p. 39. Mon. Hist 
Brit p. xcvi. 

A.D. 380. AMMIANUS MARCELLINUS.— AmmianiMarcellini 
Historia: lib. xiv. a 5 ; lib. xviii. & 2 ; lib. xx. oa 1, 4> 
9 ; lib. xxii. c. 3 ; lib. xxiii. cc. 1, 6 ; lib. xxvi c. 4 ; lib. 
xxviL cc. 8, 9 ; lib. xxviii cc. 1, 2, 3 ; lib. xxix. cc. 1, 4 ; 
lib. XXX. cc 7, 9. Ed. Erfordtii, Lipsi«e, 1808. Mon. 
Hist Brit. pp. IxxiL-lxxv. 

AD. 380. AUSONIUS.— Dedmi Magni Ausonii Carmen de Mo- 
seUa: w. 65, 399. — Epigrammata: cix., ex., cxL, cxii., 
cxiii., cxiv. — Parentalia : vii., xviii. — Ordo NobiKum Civi- 
tatum VII. : Aquileia. — Eclogi, i., w. 32 et seq. — Epistola 



CXXVll 



ix. Ad Paulum^ v. 35. Ed. Souchay, Paria, 1730. Mon. 
Bjst. Brit pp. xcvi., xcvii. 

A.D. 380. EXJNAPIXJS.— Emiapii Sardiaoi Historia. Apud^Lab- 
bei Byzantinos Auctores. Faris.^ 1648 ; p. 15. Mon. Eljst. 
Brit p. Ixxv. 

A.D. 380. VEGETIUS.— Flavius Vegetius Renatus de Re Mill- 
tari : lib. iv. c. 37. Ed. Scriverii, VesalisB, 1670. Mon. 
"Bjst. Brit. p. xcvi. 

A.D. 390. SYMMACHU&— Qninti Anrelii Symmaclii EpistolsB : 
• lib. iL ep. 77 ; lib. x. ep. 22, ep. 57. Ed. Jureti, Paris., 
1604s. Mon. Hist. Brit. p. xcvii. 

A.D. 393. HIERONTMUS [JEROME].— ffieronymi Libri ad- 
versus Jovinianum : lib. ii. torn. iv. p. 2, coL 201. — ^Epi- 
stoIsB : ep. XXXV. Ad Heliodorum, col. 267 ; ep. xliii. Ad 
Cteaiphontem, col. 481 ; ep. xUv. Ad Paulam, coL 551 ; 
ep. xlix. Ad Paulinum, col. 564 ; ep. Ixxxii. Ad Oceanum, 
col. 648 ; ep. Ixxxiv. Ad Oceanum^ col. 662 ; ep. ci. 
Ad Evangelum, coL 803. — Qusestioniim in Genesim 
Liber : torn. ii. coL 515. — Prologus in Primum librum 
Commentariorum in Hieremiam : torn. iii. coL 527. — Pro- 
logus in Librum III. Commentariorum in Hieremiam: 
tom. iii col. 886. Ed. Benedictina, Paris., 1693-1706. 
Mon. Hist. Brit p. xdx. 

A.D.400. EX COSMOGRAPHll* ^THICO ASCRIPTl, 

(circa.) necnon EX ALlAt TOTIUS ORBIS DESCRIPTIONE 

EIDEM ^THICO A QUIBUSDAM ASCRIPTA.— 

Excerpta de Britannifi. — Ed. Gronovii, Lugd. Batav., 

1722 ; pp. 71 1, 728, 729. Mon. Hist. Brit. pp. xviiL, xix. 

A.D. 400 EX NOTITll UTRIUSQUE IMPERIL— Excerpta 

(circa), de Britannia.. — ^Apud Gresvii Thesaurum : tom. vii, oc i, 

ii., xix., xxiv., xxviL, xli., Iv., IxviiL, Ixxi., Ixxii, Ixxxvii, 

cxliv. Traject. ad Rhen., 1698. Mon. Hist. Brit. pp. 



XXllL, XXIV. 



* This "Fint Cosmography is almost identical with the Geographical 
Extract from Jnliiis Honorins, which was published, together with the two 
other works, by Gronovins. 

t This Seoond Cosmography is, on slight grouids, attributed by some 
to Solinos : it is copied almost literally in the History of Orosras, B. L c. 2. 

VOL. L k 



CXXVUl 

iLD. 400 EX TABULA PEUTINGERIANA.— Exoerptum de 
(circa). Britannia. Ed. Mannerti, LipsisB, 1824. Mon. Hist. Brit, 
p. xxii. 

A.D. 400. OLTMPIODORtJS.— Olympiodori Historiarum Liber, 
(circa). Apud Photii Bibliothecam, Cod. 80. Ed. Rothomagi, 
1653 ; p. 179. Mon. Hist Brit. p. Ixxv. 

AD. 400. SULPICIUS SEVERUS.— Sulpicii Sever! Sacra His- 
toria : lib. ii cc. 55, 64, 65. Ed. Homii, AmsteloA, 1665. 
Mon. Hist. Brit. pp. xcix., c. 

A.D. 400. CLAUDI ANUS.— Claudius Claudianus in Rufinum: 
Ub. i. V. 123 ; Hb. ii. w. 146, 239.— De Tertio Consulatu 
Honorii Augusti : v. 51. — De Quarto Consulatu Honorii: 
w. 18, 69. — De Bello Gildonico: v. 17. — De Consulatu 
Mallii Theodori : v. 50. — In Eutropium : lib. L v. 391. — 
In Primum Consulatum Stilichonis : lib. ii. v. 247. — In 
Secundum Consulatum Stilichonis: lib. iii vv. 148, 154, 
299.— De Bello Getioo; w. 199, 416, 668.— In Laudem 
SerensB : v. 39. — Epithalamium PaUadii et CelerinsD : v. 86. 
Ed. Burmanni, Amstelod., 1760. Mon. fiist. Brit. pp. 
xcvii., xcviii. 

AD. 407. CHRYSOSTOM.— Joannes Chrysostomus de Incom- 
prehensibili Dei Naturil : lib. ii. torn. i. p. 467. — Contra 
JudsBOS : tom. i. p. 575. — Sermo in Pentecoste : torn, iii 
p. 791 (inter Spuria). Ed. Montfaucon, Pajris.^ 1718. Mon. 
Hist. Brit. p. xcviii. 

A.D. 410, ZOSIMUS.— Zosiml Historia Nova: Ub. i. cc. 64, 66, 
68 ; lib. ii. cc. 8, 15, 33 ; lib. iii. c. 6 ; lib. iv. cc. 3, 12, 
19, 36 ; lib. v. cc. 27, 43 ; lib. vi. cc. 1-6, 10. Ed. Reite- 
meieri, Lipsifle, 1784. Mon. Hist. Brit. pp. Ixxv-lxxix 

A.D. 417. OROSIUS.*— PauH Orosii Historia : lib. v. c. 22 ; Ub. 
vi. cc. 8, 9, 10; Ub. vu. ca 5, 6, 7, 17, 25, 28, 34, 35, 40, 
42. — Liber de Arbitrii Libertate : p. 599. Ed. Haver- 
campi, Lugd. Batav., 1738. Mon. Hist Brit. pp. Lsxix., 
Ixxx., c. 

* See note f in the preceding page. 



CXXJX 

AJ).420. SOCRATES SCHOLASTICUS. — Socratis Historia 
Ecdefiiastica: lib. i. c. 2 ; lib. v. a 11 ; lib. vii. c. 12. Ed. 
Beadingi, Cantab., 1720. Hon. Hist. Brit. p. Ixxxi 

A.D. 420. CLAUDIUS RUTILIUS.^aaudii Rutilii Numanti- 
ani Itinerarium : lib, i v. 493. Ed. Burmaimi, Ludg. 
Batiiy. 1,731. Mon. Hist. Brit. p. c 

A.D. 480. THEODORET.— TheodoretiOommentariuflinPsalmum 
cxvi. : torn. i. p. 871. — Religiosa Historia : cap. xxxvi. — 
De Symeone Stylita, torn, iii p, 881. — Senno ix. de Le- 
gibns: torn, iv, p. 610. Ed. Sirmondi, Paris,, 1642. Mon. 
Hist, Brit. p. c. 

A.D. 430. SOZOMEN.— Sozomeni Historia Ecclesiastica : lib. i 
cc. 5, 6; lib. vii. c. 13; lib. ix. c. 11. Ed. Reading!, 
Cantab., 1720. Mon. Hist, Brit, p, Izxxi. 

A.D. 465. PROSPER AQUITANUS.— Prosperi Aquitani Chro- 
nicon. Apud Labbei BibUothecam Novam MSS. ; sub 
Annis Domini 384, 388, 407, 411, 413, 429, 431.— De 
Ingratis; v. 1. eoL 116, w. 685—693. — Contra Colla- 
torem: a xxi, coL 363. Ed. Paris., 1711. Mon. Hist. 
Brit. pp. Ixxxii., ci. 

A.D. 458. GENNADIUS.— Gennadii Maasiliensis lUustrium Vi- 
rorum Catalogus. Apud Hieronymi Opera, Paris., 1693- 
1706 ; torn, v., coL 39. Mon. Hist. Brit. p. c. 

A.D. 470. SIDONIUS.— Caii SoUii Apollinaris Modesti Sidonii 
Panegyricum Avito Augusto socero A.D. 455 dictum: 
w. 86, 859. — Epistobe: Kb. ep. 7. Ed. Sirmondi, Paria, 
1652. Mon. Hist. Brit. p. c 

A,D. 490. STEPHANUS BYZANTINUS.— Stephani Byzantini 
Liber de Urbibus : sub vocibus * iEbudae,' ' Albion,' ' Bret- 
tia,' 'Briges,' 'leme,' 'louemia,' 'loueme,' 'Cassitira/ 
*Lindonion,' 'Pretanlca.* Ed. Gronovii, Lugd. Batav., 
1694. Mon. Hist Brit. p. xx. 

A.D. 500 PRISCIANUS PERIEGETA. — Prisdaoi Periegesis. 
(circa). Apud Wemsdorfii Poetas Latinos Minores, Altenburgi, 
1788 i torn, V. Ysr, 268 et seq., 676 et seq. Mon. Hist 
Brit p. XX. 



cxxx 

A.D. 500. DOROTHiEtJS.— DorothsBi Episcopi Syndpsia • Apo« 
(circa), stolomin : tit. xiL Apud Scriptorum Ecdesiasticorum 
Historiam Literariam, edltam a Cave. Oxonii, 1740 ; 
torn. i. p. 169. Moil Hist. Brit p. cL 

PROSPER T YRO.— Prosperi t TyroniB CSbronicon.— 
Sub Annis Domini 381, 382, 384, 385, 387, 388, 400, 
409, 410, 411, 441. Apud Labbei Bibliothecam Novam 
MSS. ; torn. i. p. 96. Mon. Hist. Brit. p. Ixxii. 

AD. 620. CASSIODORUS. — Magni AureKi Caasiodori Chrc 
nioon: sub annis Domini 44, 207> 211. Ed. Qaretii, 
Rothomag., 1679. Mon. Hist. Brit. p. Ixxxii. 

AD. 628. CODEX JUSTINIANUS.— Lib. iii. tit. xxxii 1.— 
Digest, lib. xxviii tit. vi s. 2, ; lib. xxxvL tit. L s. 46. 
Ed. Lugd. Batav., 1663. Mon. Hist. Brit p. ci 

A.D, 552. JORNANDES. — Jomandes sive Jordanus de Rebus 
Geticis: tom. i. oc. i, ii., zlv. — De Regnorum Sucoessione: 
torn. I pp. 234 E, 236, 236 E, 287 i>, 237 E. Apud 
Miuratori Rerum Italicarum Scriptores, Mediolani, 1723. 
Mon. Hist Brit pp. bcxxii., cL, di. 

A.D. 560. PROCOPIUS.— Procopius Caosariensis de Bello Van- 
dalico: lib. L cc. 1, 2. — De Bello Qothico: lib. L a 24 ; 
lib. ii. cc. 6, 14, 15 ; lib. iv. c. 20. Ed. Maltreti, Paris., 
1662. Mon. Hist Brit pp. Ixxxiit-lxxxviL 

AD 580. VENANTIUS. — Venantii Honorii Fortunati Vita 
Sancti Martini : lib. iii carm. v. vr. 24, 493. — Poemata : 
lib. V. carm. vL v. 216 ; lib. vii. carm. iii. v. 166 ; lib. viii. 
carm. 1. v. 71 ; lib. ix. carm. xx. v. 6. Apud Maittairii 
Corpus Poetarum Latinorum ; tom. ii. p. 1 705. Mod. 
Hist Brit. p. cii 

A.D. 595. ST. GREGORY. — Sancti Georgii Florentii Gr^orii 
Episcopi Turonensis Historia Ecdesiastica Francorum: 
lib. i a 38. Ed. Pari&, 1694. Mon. Hist Brit p. di. 



* The authorship of this work is doabtfol. 

t The age of this writer is wholly unknown } bat hid Ghnmide extends 
from A.D. 378 to A.D. i56. 



CXXXl 

A.D. 600. ISIDORUS.— Isidori Hispalensis Origines: lib. ix. 
e. 2 ; lib. xiv. c. 6. E4 De Breul, Paris,, 1601. Mon. 
Hist. Brit p. cii . 

A.D.700. ANONYMUS RAVENNAS GEOGRAPHUS.* — 
Lib. i a 3 ; lib. v. ca 31, 32. Ed Gronovii, Lugd. Batav., 
1697. Mon. Hisi Brit pp. xxiv.-xxvi. 

A.D. 1070. XIPHILINUS.— Joannis Xiphilini ^ Epitome Dionis 
CassiL See " Dion Cassius " — avb armo 230. 

AJ>. 1100, CEDRENUS. — Georgii Cedreni Historiarum Com- 
pendium: p. 154. Ed. Paris., 1647, Mon. Hist Brit, 
p. dii 

A.D. 1100. ZONARAS.— Zonaro Annates: Kb. xi a 10; Ub. xii 
cc. 12, 29, 38 ; lib. xiii a 6, Ed. Paris., 1686. Mon. 
Hist Brit. p. Ixxxvii 

A.D. 1180. TZETZES. — Joannis Tzetsds Historiarum Yariarum 
Chiliades : Chil. x. De Catena Ed. Eiesdingii, Lipsiss, 
1826. Mon. Hist Brit p. dii 

AJD. 1333. NICEPHORUS.~Nicephori CaUisti Historia Ecde- 
siastica : lib. xiv. c. 56. Ed. Ducsei, Paris., 1630. Mon. 
Hist. Brit p. ciii. 

VIBIUS SEQUESTER.— Vibiit Sequestri Liber de 
iluminibus. Ed. Bipont, 1809; p. 224. Mon. Hist 
Brit p. XX. 

EX ANTHOLOGIA VETERUM LATINORUM 
EPIGRAMMATUM ET POEMATUM.— Ed. Burmanni, 
Amstelod., 1759. — Carmen de Laudibus Claudii Csesaris, 
auctote inoerto. Mon. Hist. Brit p. Ixxxix, 

EX AUCTORE IGNOTO.— De Constantio Chloro, 
Constantino Magno, et aliis Imperatoribus, excerpta. Ad 
finem Ammiani Marcellini, ubi supra (sub a/rmo 380). 
Mon. Hist. Brit p. Ixxv. 



* This writer is generally thought to have lived in the sevenUi century, 
t The age of this writer is unknown. 



cxxxu 



MENOLOGIA OE^CORUM.— Menolo^Gweoorum : 
die xvi. Martii ; et die xxix, Jmui. Ed. Urbini, 1727. 
Mon. Hist. Brit. pp. ciL, ciiL 



EX HECATiEO ABDERITA DE HYPERBOREIS EXCERPTA 



Since we, then, have taken upon 
us to describe those portions of Asia 
which lie towards the North, we do 
not think it out of our province to 
relate the legends respecting the 
Hyperboreans. 

For among those who have record- 
ed ancient legendary lore, Hecatseus 
and some others say that there is 
on the ocean, in the parts over against 
Celtica, an island not less than Sicily; 
that it lies under the Northern Con* 
stellations, and that it is inhabited by 
persons called Hyperboreans, from 
their dwelling beyond the Northern 
blast ; that it is of a rich and all-pro- 
ductive soil, and moreover, that 
through the excellence of its climate, 
it bears two harvests a year. 

They relate that in this island 
Latona was bom, and that on this 
account Apollo is honoured among 
them above the other gods ; that they 
are as it were a sort of priests of 
Apollo, inasmuch aa this god is daily 
praised by them with perpetual song, 
and honoured especially: moreover, 
that there is in the island a sacred 
enclosure of Apollo of great splen- 
dour, and a temple worthy of note, 
adorned with many offerings, and 
spherical in shape. And that there 



'H/xei$ 8* hiri) rot Tgog aoxTOU^ 
x,8x\ifi,6va fjijgri Trig 'Airlag ij^ieotrafji^ev 
avaygoifrig, o6x avolxetov ehou yo/x/{^o- 
fji,6V ToL Tsp) Toov *T7np^piwv fJi^vSoKo- 
yo6f/ksvu SifX^fiv. 

Ttov ysip rit^ ira?Miag fiutoXoyiag 
dvayiypotfOTcov 'E^otrahg xai rtveg 
erepol faoriv, Iv Tolg avrmpuv ri^g 
KeArix^f rivoig xuroi rov 'X2xeaydv 
elvM v^o'ov ovK eXarrai rijg SixsAia^' 
TfltUTijy vxip^aiv f/iiv xajoL rag 
cipxTougj xotTOixcTcrfiai $e vro rwv 
6vofiu^opi0iytov *Tveppopi(ov otto tou 
wo^panepco xeTcrfai r^; Bopelov tvo^^* 
oiireiv S* uM)v evyei^v rs xa» vifu^apovy 
€Ti Sff evxpoLirla ha^ipovo'uv Sirrou^ 
xuT iTog ex^epeiv xapvoug. 



Mviokoyovtrt 8* Iv avrp t^v Aijra 
yeyoyivar hh xa) tov 'AfroAAflo luotKarra 
rm okKauM 6boov TSLp' wtrroig TifLourdar 
AvoLi S* avToifg wtrirep iepalg rivag 
'AToXXoovog^ Sia ro tov teov rothov 
xai* iifuipav vw* a&rwv vfi^veliriai ftrr* 
tp^g (ruvfip^w^ xa) ri/M(rtatf hapeporroog, 
'TTrap^niv Bi xa) xaroi t^v v^o-ov 
rifs^vog re ^Av6KK(oyog fMiyaKonpevig 
xa) vaov a^ioKoyoVy avairjfji^aa'i xoXXoT^ 
xexoa'fs.vjiJLivov, cfaipoei^ tw O'^iifiari. 
Ka) vd?ny fiiv tnrap^uy iepdy rou 6eov 



cxxxiu 



is a city sacred to this god; that 
most of the dwellers therein are 
harpers, who, playing on their harps 
continually in the temple, recite 
hymns to the god with a song, 
extolling his deeds. That the Hy- 
perboreans have a language of their 
own, and are most kindly affected 
towards the Greeks, especially the 
Athenians and Delians, having had 
this good feeling handed down to 
them from ancient times. And they 
relate that some of the Greeks crossed 
over to the Hyperboreans and left 
many precious offerings with inscrip- 
tions in Greek letters. Likewise, 
that Abaris from the Hyperboreans 
in olden times visited Greece in re- 
turn, and renewed the good feeling 
and connexion with the Delians. 
They say also that the moon appears 
frx>m this island as at quite a small 
distance from the earth, and as having 
some earth-like prominences manifest 
on her. It is said, further, that the 
god visits the island every nineteen 
years, in which time the cycles of 
the stars are completed ; and on this 
account the period of nineteen years 
is called by the Greeks Meton s year. 
Moreover, that throughout this mani- 
fiestation the god plays on the harp 
and dances unceasingly every night 
from the vernal equinox until the 
rising of the Pleiads, delighting in 
his own festivities. And that the 
kings of this dty and the guardians 
of the sacred enclosure are persons 
called the Boreads, being descendants 
of Boreas, and that they always 
receive the sovereignty in family 
suoceesion* 

Diod. iL 47. 



ir\il(yTOvg ehai KiietpiOTaSy jiai (ruve^wg 

Iv Tw vam xtiotplf^ovrai S/biyou^ Xeyeiv 

Ta iea /tter' co^g, afro(r§iAv6vomoig 

OLUTOV Toig frfst^sig, "E^^fij^ $6 roitg 

'Tirepfiopiovg i^iav rivot haKexToVf xoA 

•jrpis Touj "EXXjjva^ olxsiorara ^laxela-^ 

9ai, xa) iLOLXifTTCL vpog rovg 'Adi^valovg 

xa) Aijx/ou;, ex votXaim ^povcov 

TrapBiXti^OTOig rijy wvoixv Tuvrr^v, Kai 

T«v 'EAX^vcov Tivaf /xu9oAoyoS(ri vapa- 

/SaAffv ilg 'T^epfiopeoug, xol) avxirifji,aTa 

TToAuTfA^ xaraXiTTffTy ypoLp^iuoLQ-iv *EA- 

X)jvixo7^ hrtyiypapifj^eva, 'Ha-aurag di 

xai Ix Tc5v ^Tvspfioptoov "Afiupiy e'lg 

Trjv *Ek\oiia, xaraifry^fravTa to Tcaham 

avaawa-at r^v vpog AtjXloug erjvoiav ts 

xol) (TvyyiwiOLv, 4>acr) Se xa) rijv 

Sf ^ijyi]v sx Tot&rrig rij; vrjirov falvitrdai 

wavTeXfloj oX/yoy aTe^outrav rrig yijj, 

xa) Tivoig h^o^oig yecoieig eyouo'av kv 

OLVTJi ^etnpag. Aiyerai hi xcti roy $goy 

S/ It&v hvvexxctihxa xetravrw elg 

T^v in^doVj ev olg xa) al toov Surrpmv 

aTroxaraoTao'eig iv) rekog ayovrar 

xa) ha TOUTO roy iwsaxathxaiTri 

^povov u»o Tcov *EAA^y«y Msrcoyoj 

maurov oyojuia^€(rda^ Kara Se r^y 

ivt^aveiav raurijy roy $60y xiiapll^eiv 

T« xa) ^opsuffiy 0"uy6%c5j rag vuxrag^ 

OLTFO liTr^fi^eplag eapivrig sag TrAeiaSo; 

avaToKrigy iv) roig *Moig etyij/xsp^/xao'i 

Tfpwofuevoy. Bao'iXfiugiy rt rij^ ir6\^ 

iwg TauTVjg. xa) rou Tefjt,iyovg STrap^siv 

TOifg ^yo/xa^ojX£you$ BopeoBag, avoyivovg 

ovrag Bo^eou, xa) xaroL yivog de) Sia- 

it^8(rdai roig ap^ag, 

Diod. ii. 47- 



CXXXIV 



Now, Hecatseus speaks of the ex- 'Exaralog ii i^ixF^ ^^^ ^^^^^ XP^^^ 

istence of the nation of the Hyper- elvail fi}(ri ro rmv 'Txepfiopslm Hvog* 

boreaus up to the same date; and ^Eo-ri Se avrm fitfixloi ertypaf^fufa 

there are books by him entitled ** Uefii rav 'Tmpfiopiloov/' 

" Concerning -the Hyperboreana" SchoL Apoll. Rh, ii 675. 

Schol. ad ApolL Khod. ii. 675. 



DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE 



OF 



MANUSCEIPTS RELATING TO THE EARLY 
HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 



Creation to the Incaknation, 
1. Nicolai Triveti Annales, ab Origine Mundi ad Creation to 

Cliristum. thelncar- 

^ *^ nation. 

MS. Beg. 13 B. xvl veil. 4to. xIy. cent 



« 



Incip. Prol, — "VenerandiB discretionis Domino Magistro 

Hugoni, Cantaaricnsis ccclesite Archidiacono, ac Domini 
" Papae nuncio in Anglia, frater Nicolaus Triveth.'' 

Incip. Annotat. Temp, — " Anni primi die tertio." 

Incip, Anna!, — " Adam et uxor sua,** 

ExpL AnnaL — ^'Ad honorem Domini nostri Jesu Christiy 
'* regnantis in ssecula saeculorum. Amen." 

Colophon, — *^ £xpliciunt Annales ab origine mundi, descripti 
" a fratre Nicolao Trcveth, ordinis Praedicatorum, secundum 
" annos in Scriptura Sancta annotatos, secundum transla- 
" tionem leronimi ex Hebraica veritate." 

The work is addressed to Hugh, Archdeacon of Canter- 
bury,* and, judging from the date when he held that 
office, we may infer that this was a later production than the 



* He waa lent aa Nuncio to England in 1323, and held the Arch- 
deaconry of Canterbnrj in 1327. (he Neve, i. 40.) 

VOU I. A 



2 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANTTSCEIPTS RELATING 

Creadon to French Chronicle, which will be mentioned hereafter. The 
*^^^"" author gives his reasons for following the Hebrew chronology 
according to Jerome. 

The Annals are divided into five Ages, ending with the 
Birth of Christ. Thej contain short notices relative to 
Britain, excerpted from Geofirej of Monmouth, and are of 
little historical value. 

The MS. is in good preservation, and written in a good 
hand. It is probably the same as that described in the '^ Cata- 
"logus MSS. Angliae et Hibernias*' (No. 6498) as belonging 
to Charles Theyere. 

See post for a Biographical Notice of Nicholas Trivet and 
a list of his Works. 



2. Nicolai Treveth, ordinis Dominicanorum, Annales 
Mundi ad Christum natum, opus dicatum Hugoni, 
Cantuariensis ecclesisD Archidiacono, et Papse nuucio 
in Anglia. 

MS. Phillipps. 1846. 

This MS. was formerly in the Meerman Collection, No. 738. 



3. Nicolai Treveth Chronicon Qenerale, ab orbe condito 
ad Natalem Christi, Hugoni, Cantuariensis ecclesise 
Archidiacono, nuncupatum. 

MS. Bibl. du Roi. 4929. pap. olim Mazarin. 1462. 

Quetif and Echard (BibL Scriptt Ordinis PrsBdicatorum, 
i. 564) refer to a copy of this work which, when they wrote, 
was in the library of the Sorbonne. It is, probably, now in 
the Imperial Library at Paris. 

They also mention another copy of this Chronicle, on paper, 
written in the 15th century, as being in the same library. 



TO THE EABLT HISTORY OF GREAT BBITAIN. 3 

A-D. 303. A.D, 303. 

4. Passio S. Albani Martyris (Saxonic^. 

MS. Cott. Jul. E. Til. ff. 90-91. yell. 8to. xL cent 
MS. Pub. Lib. Cant. IL I 33. 26. yell xii. cent 

Incip, : — '^ Sum hsepen Casere pass gehaten Dioclicianus/' 
&c. 

ExpJ, : — " To fulluhte gebigde f urh his Bjdelas. Amen." 

This homily is derived from Beda, lib. 1^ cc. 6, 7> 8, some- 
times abridged, at other times slightly amplified ; with the 
addition at the conclusion that this event happened beforo 
Hengist and Horsa made war on the Britons, from which time 
Christianity declined in this island until the arrival of 
Augustine. 

This legend is the same that Wheloc (Beda, p. 36) printed 
(with a Latin version) from a manuscript in the Public Library 
at Cambridge, described by Wanley in his catalogue of Saxon 
MSS., Hickes, Thesaurus, ii. 164. (See No. 7.) 

There seems to have been formerly another MS. of this ho- 
mily in the Cottonian Collection (Yitell. D. xvii. f. 226 b. 
See Pauley's Catalogue, p. 208), but it is now missing. In 
Smith's Catalogue it is intituled *< De Passione Sancti Albani 
** Martyrifl." 



6. Vita S. Albani (Saxonic^). 

MS. Cott. Jul A. X. ff. 1 1 7 b~l 18. veU. 8vo. z. eent. 

Indp. — ** On t$one ilcan d»g bi^ S^e Albanes.*' 

^arp/.— **paBtlinga ceaster.*' 

Wanley, in his Catalogue, states (p. 185) that the MS. in 
which it occurs agrees with the MS. C. C. C. Cambr. D. 5, 
(now No. 196), and at p. 106, when noticing the Corpus MS., 
he writes, *' Pars maxima Martyrologii sen potius Menologii 
** Anglo-Saxonici, nempo a die 19 mensis Martii usque ad 
*' diem 21 Decembris inclusive, et quae cum Codice Cottoniano 
** omnino conveni^ lectionibus aliquot variantibus solummodo 
'^ exceptis." He gives the following rubric to the Corpus MS., 
** S<5e Albanes tJropung se f ropobe on pysse Brytene," but he has 
left out a few words at the commencement. See the next article. 



A 2 



4 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A«D. ao8. 6. Vita S. Albani (Saxonic^. 

MS. C. C. 0. Cant 196, former reference p. ▼. p. 37. veil 4to. ix. cent 

Incip. — '^ On 6oDe jlcan daeg bi5 8ae Albanes ^popung se 
" }>popob€ on pyBsc Brytene." 
ExpL — " paeljnga caister/' 
This piece contains 15 lines. 



7. Paasio S. Albani Martyris. 

MS. C. C. C. Cant. 20L olim. S. xviii. f. 149. yell small fol xi. cent. 

Incip, — ^' Sds Albanus Martir on Breotone." 
ExpL — ''His godnessa in eaba porulda porld on ecnysse* 
*' Amen." 



8. Gulielmi Albanensis Coenobii monacbi Fassio S. Albani 
MartyrLs et S. Amphibali sociorumque, pwevia Epistola 
ad Simonem Abbatem, ex Anglico in Latinum sermo- 
nem conversa, com Prologo. 

MS. Coll. Magd. Ozon.,** 53. pp. 19 — 51. reU. 4to. ziL cent 

Incip. EpisL — '' Reverendo patri et Domino carissimo 
'' Simoni Willelmus in Domino salutem. Cam liber Anglico 
" sermone conscriptus." 

Incip. Prol. — '' Quamvis beatorum martyrum gloriosa certa- 
'' mina tentaverit ad memoriam.'* 

Incip, Peus. — ** Cum persecutio quaa sub Diocletiano mota 
** est in Christianos.'' 

ExpL^^^^ Hoc per cos dignetur in melius commutare Do- 
** minus Jesus Christus, qui vivit et regnat Deus per omnia 
^' sfficula sadculorum. Amen." 

Printed in the Acta Sanctorum, iv^. 149> (22 June), fi^m 
the two Cottonian MSS. (Faust. B« iv., 1, 2, and Claud. £. 
iv. 2), Nos. 9 and 14, hereafter mentioned, communicated to the 
Bollandists by Usher, through Stephen White, an Irishman. 



* Tanner in his Bibliotheca, p. 354, refers to MS. Langbain in BibL 
BodL yii. 254, as containing excerpts from the Magdalen College MS. 



TO THE EABLT HISTOBT OF GREAT BETTAIN. 5 

The piece is addressed to Simon, Abbot of St. Alban's (who A.D. 30S. 
held that office from 1 166 to 1 188), and professes to be a trans* 
lation from a Saxon author, who conceals his name through 
fear of the enemy, but proposes to relate what he has seen or 
learned from others. He had seen the history of St. Aiban 
depicted upon the walls of Yerulam. 

The narrative appears to be entirely founded on that in 
Beda's ** Historia Ecclesiastica,'' amplified by a long account 
of the process of the conversion of Alban (a man of station, 
residing in the ancient city of Yerulam at the time when the 
edicts of Diocletian against the Christians were rigorously 
enforced), through the instrumentality of Amphibalus, a priest 
whom he protected from the fury of his persecutors, and kept 
as an inmate of his house. There is a detail of AJban's con- 
duct before the judges, and of his imprisonment and death, as 
well as of the escape of Amphibalus. This is followed by two 
chapters on the conversion and martyrdom of many of the in- 
habitants' of Yerulam, who had followed Amphibalus into 
Wales^ where he preached to the Welsh and the Picts : and, 
finally, the sufferings and martyrdom of Amphibalus are de- 
scribed, with the punishment of his persecutors. The author 
then concludes by stating his persuasion that the Gen- 
tiles of Britain will be shortly converted to Christianity, and 
in the meantime he purposes going to Bome to be himself 
baptized. 

There is no trace of the Saxon original from which the 
translator affirms that he took his narrative. He says that he 
only added the name of the clerk (Amphibalus) who took 
refuge with Alban, which was wanting in the old copy, and 
which he discovered in Geoffrey of Monmouth* (lib. v., c. 5). 

In Matthew Paris' Life of Abbot Eadmer f there is a tale 
of a very ancient book, written in the British language, having 
been discovered in a recess of a wall, and of its being, with 
some difficulty, deciphered by Unwona,| an aged monk« It was • 



* ** Sciendam aatem qaod hole operi beati derici nomen mdieeerim, quod 
" non in libro qaem transfero, sed in historia qnam Gaofridos Artnma 
*' de Britannico in Latinom se vertisse testatur, inyeni." — Pre/ace, 

t Cf. M. Paris in Yit Abbat S. Albani, MS. Nero, D. i. f. 29. 

} Concerning Unwona, «ee Tanner (Bibliotheca, p. 741.) 



6 DESCBIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

AuD. 803. foand to contain the History of St Alban, as it was received 
by the Church, and to agree with Beda's narrative. It is not 
quite clear whether Matthew Paris means to say that Abbot 
Eadmer caused this account to be translated into Latin ; but it 
so happened (at whatever time this version was made) that the 
original immediately perished* It would seem not improbable 
that this was the original from which the translation of Wil- 
liam the Monk of St Alban's was made, except that he 
translated from the Saxon, and the ancient book found in the 
wall was British ; unless indeed Matthew Paris confounded 
the British and Saxon languages together, a thing that we can 
hardly suppose him to have done. 

Nothing whatever is known about this William of St. 
Alban's. He performed his task between 1166 and the year 
when the relics of Amphibalus were discovered ; this event 
being alluded to by him. Usher (Brit. Eccles. Antiq. p. 80) 
conjectures that he was the William Martell, sacrist of S. 
Alban's, who made an ineffectual attempt to succeed to the 
dignity of Abbot upon the death ot Simon in A.D. 1183. 



9. Passiones S.. Albani Protoinartyris Anglorum, S. 
Amphibali^ et sociorum ejus ; ex lingua Anglicana in 
Latinam translatse, per Willelmum, monachum Alba- 
nensem. 

MS. Cott Faust B. iv. £ 1-63 b. am. foL veil. dble. cols. xii. or ziil cent. 

Ruhr. — "Lltera ad Symonem bonas memoriae virum." 
Incip, Epist — " Reverendo patri et Domino carissimo Si- 

'^ moni, Willelmus in Domino salutem. Cum liber Anglico 

" sermone conscriptus." 
Incip, ProL—^*' Quisquis beatorum Martyrum gloriosa." 
Incip. Pasaio. — " Cum persecutio quce sttb Diocletiano." 
ExpL Passio. — "Per eos dignetur in melius commutare 

" Dominus noster Jesus Christus, qui vivit et regnat Deus 

" per omnia ssecula sseculorum. Amen.'^ 



TO THE KAULT HISTOBY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 7 

ColepkoH*-^** Explicit Passio Sancti Albani, Frotomartjris A J). 303. 
" Anglorum, et Sancti Amphibali Martjris sociorumque ejus." 

The' text appears to be the same as that of the MS. at Mag- 
dalen College^ Oxford (No. 8). It wants the Epilogue which 
there occnrSy but contains a series of miracles not in that MS. 



10. Miracula S. Albani. 

Ibid. ff. 19-39 b. 



Bubr. — ^' Incipinnt qu»dam miracula Sancti Albani." 
Incip. Mirae.<-*-" Miracula quad per beatum." 
The Miracles end at f. 39 b. with this colophon^ ^' Expliciunt 
'* Miracula Sancti Albani Protomartjris Anglorum." 

The author states his motives for recording some of St Al^ 
ban's miracles, of which either he had himself seen or had 
heard from persons of credit The miracles, as usual, consist 
of cures of various' infirmitiesy and the punishments of persons 
usurping the lands of the monastery. Mention is made of a 
homicide sentenced to have his ejes torn out, and to lose his 
right hand. We read also of the tongue of a hostage, in the 
reign of Stephen, being cut out because he was not redeemed ; 
of a wet season in the 3rd year of the Abbacy of Simon 
(? A.D. 1170) ; of a taper the length of the sick person being 
given as an offering ; and of Brother Hubert being sent into 
Kent to procure pease for the monastery. 



11. De Inventione S. Amphibali, sociortunque ejus. 

Ibid. £ 89 b-6d. 

Rubr^'^** Incipit Prologus in Inventione Sancti Amphi- 
« bali." 

Incip. — '' Opera Dei Omnipotentis.'' 

Colophon. — '^Explicit Vita S. Albani, Protomartyris An- 
^ glorum, et de Inventione S. Amphibali sociorumque ejus." 

The Invention of Amphibalus follows the miracles. 

The MS. formerly belonged to the house of St Mary, of 
Holmc<dtram, as appears by this entry on the first leaf, *' Liber 
*' Sancts Mari» de Holmcoltram." 



8 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.D, 803, 12. Vita S. Albani Protomartyris Anglorum, et Amphi- 

ball sodorumque ejiis. 

MS. Gott Nero C. tIL, if. 1>8. veil foL ziL cent. 

Incip. Proh — " Quisquis beatorum Martjrum gloriosa." 
Incip. Vita, — ** Cum persecutio quae sub Diocletian o." 
Ea^l, — '< Qui vivit et regnat Deus per omnia sascula sascu- 

" lorum. Amen." 

Colophon, — " Explicit Passio Sancti Albania Protomartjris 

** Anglorum, sociorumque ejus.*' 
This is the work of William of St. Alban's, and the text is 

similar to that in the Magdalen College MS. (No. 8). 



13. Vita S. Albani per Willelraum monacbum 

Albanensem. 

MS. Trin. CoU. Dublin. X 1. 40. S, 20-28. veU. foL ♦ 

Jiubr, — " Incipit Prologus in Passionem beati Albani." 
Incip, — '^ Quisquis beatorum Martjrum gloriosa certamina.^' 
ExpL — " Hoc per eos dignetur in melius commutare Do- 
^^ minus noster Jesus Christus, qui yivit et regnat Deus per 
^' omnia ssecula sasculorum. Amen." 

Colophon, — ^^ Explicit Historia beati Albani Anglorum Pro- 
" tomartyris, et beati Amphibali sociorumque ejus." 

This resembles the Cottonian MS. Claud. E. iv. 2y next 
mentioned, and contains the passage therein noticed. It has 
not the prefatory epistle to Abbot Simon, which is in the 
Magdalen College MS., and also in MS. Cott Faust. B. Iv., 
(Nos. 8 & 9) but a portion of the first leaf has been cut off. 



* At the foot of f. 3 is written ** Hie est liber ecclesids Sancti Albani de 
*' armariolo A/' and it is the same MS. as that mentioned in the *' Catalogus 
'* Libr. MSS. Anglies et Hibemise/' as <*Cod. Hibenu, No. 629, Trin. ColL 
" Dublin, No. 489." It is also the Codex mentioned by Usher, Brit. JScclesi 
Antiq. Dablin. 1639, Addenda, p. 981, &c. Edit* Lond. 1687, p. 83. 






TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 9 

14. Fassio S. Albania Anglonua Protomartyris, necnon A.D. sos. 
Amphibaliy efc Bociorum ejus. Item de Inventione S. 
Albani, eta* 

MS. Cott. Claud. E. iv. 2. ff. 34—47. veil, large folio, ziv. cent. 

Ruhr, — " Incipit Prologus in Fassionem beati Albani Froto- 
" martyris." 

Incip. ProL — '^ Quisquis beatorum Martjrum gloriosa.^ 
Incip, Pcusio. — " Cum persecutio quss sub Diocletiano.' 
ExpL f. 39 b. — " Qui vivit et regnat Deus per omnia sfficula 
'^ sseculorum. Amen." 

RtUfr, f. 39 b — *^ Incipit tractatus super Inventione Sancii 
'^Albani Protomartyris." 

Incip. Inven. Albani,--*^ Cum preciosus Dei Martyr Al- 
banus " (f. 43 b.) 

Expl, Invert, — "Cum Deo Patre et Spiritu Sancio dccus 
et imperium per omnia sascula sscculorum. Amen." 
Rvbr, — ** Incipit Inventlo Sancti Amphibali Martyris socio- 
rumque ejusdem. — Anno Domini m.clxxviii. vir quidam." 
ExpL f. 46> '^ Rationc corporis illic sanctissimi quiescentis.*' 
The same text as in the Magdalen College MS. It, how- 
ever, omits the Translator's Preface ; but has the Epilogue, 
followed by the Invention of Amphibalns. 

N.B. Between the words " constat operari," (f. 37) and " Dii 
'* quos hucusque," this MS. has the following paragraph 
which is not in MS. Faust. B. iv. (No. 9), or MS. Nero, C. vii. 
(No. 12). 

Ruhr, — ^^^ Incipit Fassio beati Amphibali sociorumque ejus- 
« dem." 

"Gloriosa beati Protomartyris Anglorum Albani Fas* 
'^ sione feliciter ac magnifice consummata, cum vidissent in- 
** crcduli miracula quae Deus fecerat per Albanum et pro 
*^ Albano, et eo vivente et post ozcessum ipsius, corde com- 
puncti sunt, et idolatriam contemnentes coeperunt Chri8<* 
tianam religionem laudare, dicentes, *Vere Deus omnipotens 
** est et Salvator animarum, quem Christiani colunt.' ** 



(C 



cc 



u 

if 



* This title appears to have been written abont the time of James L 
lliese words occur on the first page, " Thomas Elmham prior Lentom» 
" hunc scrlpsit libnun, anno 4 Henrici Qointi." 



10 DESCBIPnVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 303. 15. Miracula S. Albania Anglonun Protomartjntis. 

MS. CottClaad. E. iv. 4. fi:59-69b. velL large folio, xy.cent 

RtUfr, — "Incipit Prologus miraculorum Sancti Albani An- 
" glorum Protomartyrifl/* 

Incip, — *• Miracula quae per beatam Albanum Protomar- 
" tyrem Anglorum virtus divina operari.** 

Expl, — i" Yotum quod voverat adimplevit.*' 



16. Inventio et Miracula S. Amphibali et sociorum 

ejus. 

MS. Oott Claud. E. ir. 5. £ 71-83. relL large folio, zt. cent 

Rubr, — ^'Incipit Prologus Inventionis et Miraculorum S. 

^^ Amphibaliy sociorumque ejusdem.'^ 
Incip, ProL — *' Opera Dei omnipotentis magnifica.'' 
ExpU ProL — " Narrationis series prosequatur." 
Bfibr. — ^* Processus Inyentionis Sancti Amphibali sodorum- 

" que ^usdem«" 
Inc^, — *' Prime igitur loco libet de relevatione." 
ExpL — ^^Auribus recepit auditum." 



17. Articuli Quinque; so. de Inventione S. Amphibali 
&c. (Apographon manu recentiori ; iq charta.) 

MS. Cott Cland. £. iy. 20. ft. 378-406. TelL large folio, zvii. oent. 

TUului, — ^'Inventio Sancti Amphibali sociorumque ejus- 
« dem." 

iZtf^. ^i- *^ Incipit Prologus Inventionis et Miraeuloruni 
'' Sancti Amphibali, sociorumque ejusdem/' 

Incip.'^" Opera Dei onmipotentis magnifica.'' 

Apparently a portion of a transcript^ about the time of 
James L, of Article 6, £i *ll et seq. in the same volume* 
(No. 16.) 



TO THE EABLY HISTORY OF QR£AT BRITAIN. 11 

18. Vita SS. Albani et Amphibali, ex lingua Anglica in A.D. 903. 
Latinmn iranslata per Oulielmum Albanensem Mona- 
chum^ ad Simonem. Anno 1170. 

MS. ColL Jesu, Oxford, LXXVn., ft 1-17, xvii. cent 

Incip. — '' Quum liber Anglico sermone consonptus Fas- 
** sionem.** 

Incip, Vita, — '' Quisquis beatorum Martyrum/' 

Co^Ao».--*< Explicit Passio Sancti Albani, Protomartjris 
*' Anglonun, et Sancti Amphibali Martjris sociorumqae ejus." 

Apparently the same text as in the ''Acta Sanctorum/' 
iT. 149 (June 22). 



19. Miracula S. Albani. 

Ibid. fiE: 17-3711. 

Incip. — '' Miracula^ qusB per beatum." 



« 



20. De Inyentione Sancti Amphibali. 

Ibid, ft 37b.-65. 

Incip, — " Opera Dei Omnipotentis." 

ExpL — ^** Martjribus gratias perduxerunt." 

Colophon. — ^* Explicit Vita Sancti Albani, Proiomartjris 

Anglorum, et de Inyentione Sancti Amphibali sociorumque 



« ejus." 



21. '' Passio S. Albani, ex Anglioo sermone in Latinum 
▼ersa per Qnlielmom Monachnm S. Albani.'' 

MS. HarL 7567. £ 34--37. TeU. tmall 4ta :dii. oent. 

A fragment consisting of four vellum leaves, on which occurs 
the above title written in a modem hand: it resembles the 
Magdalen College MS. (No. 8). 

Incip, — '^Fervens pro suis persecutoribus precem fundere 
^ non neglexit. Deus, inquit.*' 

Expl, — "Uli quippe sublimes in equis fcrebantur, solus Am* 
** phibalus nudis pedibus iter peragebat"— in the paragraph 
beginning, <' His auditis Paganorum." 



12 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCBIPT8 BELATIKQ 

AJ>. 303. 22. Passio Sancii AlbanL 

HS. BodL Digby. Auct C. 10. old reference, 172. TelL 4tOb xv. cent. 

Incip. Prol, — ** Quisquis beatorum Martyrum." 
Incip, Passio. — " Cum persecutio quae sub Diocletiano." 
The same text as the Magdalen College MS. above de- 
scribed. (No. 8.) 



23. Passio S. Albani MartyriS; X. Eal. JuL 

MS. Cott Tiber. D. iii. ff. 231 b.— 232 b. yell. foL xiii. cent 

Eubr. — ^^Incipit Passio Sancti Albani Martyris, x. Eal. 
" Julii.'' 

Incip, — ^* Sub persecutione Diocletiani et Maximiani etiam 
'^ Britanniam insulam plurima confessionis Deo deYOtae." 

ExpL — *^ Cum a&temo Patre et Spiritu Sancto, honor, virtus, 
*^ lausy et gloria, et imperium in ssecula sseculorum. Amen." 

Colophon. — <* Explicit Passio Sancti Albani Martyris, x. 
« Kal. Julii." 

A folio volume on vellum, which was formerly nearly de- 
stroyed by fire, but is now repaired. It consists of 248 leaves, 
and contains 68 articles, chiefly lives and commemorations of 
Saints, of which Dr. Smith has given a list in his printed 
Catalogue. 

The present article seems to be an abridgment of the piece 
by WiUiam of St. Alban's. 



24. Yiisd et Passiones SS. Albani et Amphibali, per 
Radulphum de Dnnstaplia ; yersibus elegiads. 

MS. Cott Claud. E. iv. 8. ff. 47*58 b. velL foL zr. cent 

Ruhr, — '^Incipit Passio Sanctorum, Albani Anglorum Pro- 

^ tomartyris, et Amphibali sociorumque ejus." 
Incip. — '^ Albani celebrem coelo terrisque triumphum.'^ 
JS!rp^***"Cum Patre, cumqne sacro Flamine, Christe, Deudi.'' 
Colophon. — ^^ Explicit Liber Secundus, et habet versus 
u.CvC ec Lx. 
Apparently the same text as MS. Cott Julius D. ill. 

next mentioned. 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 13 



25. Vita B. Albani per Robertum [Radulphum] de Dun- A.D. 303. 
staple, monachum S. Albani, an. 1 150, versibus elegiacis 
decantata. Item ejusdem Boberti versus de Creatione 
hominisi de Paradise, aliisque sacris argumentis. 

MS.CottJiiLD. 111. ff. 120-158 b. TelL 8to. xiil cent 

Subr. — ** Incipit Vita beati Albani Martyris. Causa scri- 
'' bendi de Vita Sancti Albani." • 

Inc^. — '* Albani celebrem coelo terrisque triumphum.** 

Expl — '' Cum Patre, cumque sacro Flaminei Christe^ 
Deum.** 

Colophon. — ** Explicit Liber Secundus, et habet versus 

** M.OCCLX/' 

This work seems, from the Introduction, to be addressed 
to the ** Willelm** already mentioned (p. 6), who translated, or 
pretended to translate, the Lives and Martyrdom of Alban and 
Amphibaltts; and is apparently a versification of that Life 
amplified. 

The verses on the Creation, &c., extending to about 700 
lines, are part of the speech of Amphibalus to Alban, and 



* Ruhr. — Oama seribendi Yitam S. Albani : — 
Incip, — ** Albani celebrem ccbIo terrisqae triomphiim 

Rominat inculto carmine Clio rudis. 
Ardoa res poeclt pectns stndiumque Maronis : 

Non Maro sum, ibteor, aed neque Codrua ego. 
Non aeie mentis, non artia luoeo cnltu ; 

Ut metrioe martyr martyria ease qneam. 
Martyria interpres, me martyria esse poetam, 

Ta, Gnlielme, mihi dux atimolusquefies: 
Qaem de barbaric yeteri noTitate Latina 

EyolTia yeraa me recitare yolens. 
Qai capia Amphibali fortia aablime tropbieam, 

Qnod aoeiaa proaa, me sociare metro ; 
Allegana qnod eoa fidei sehola fcsdere primo, 

Et tone oonsorti nectat honore polua. 
Me plus diacipolo doctorem carmine pnlaat 

Jongere quod jnngat, me tibi pignoa idem. 
Hoc me oompellit ad qnod petia et magia nrget 

Qaolibet imperio, qnod pina orat amor. 
Sia, igitor, dipena plna aoao panpere vena 

.£acide Chiron ; non mihi tendo chelym." 



14 DBSCRlFnVB CATALOGUE OF MANUSCEIPTS BELATING 

A.D. 303. contain a sammarj of the Old and New Testament History. 
The poem contains about 2,720 Unes. 

Yerj little is known from authentic sources of Radulphus 
do Dunstaple. He was unquestionably a monk of St. Alban*8 ; 
at least John de Whethamstede, no mean authority, classes him 
among the writers which that abbey produced. He is caUed 
'' Badulfus fani 8. Albani " by Leland,* and << Radulfus de 
^^ Dunstaple " by Tanner ; f by which last name he is also 
styled in the Cottonian MS. Claud. E. iv. f. 332 b. col. ii. 
^^ Radulphus de Dunstaple non impar Maroni floruit, qui 
** scripsit metrice Vitas SS. Albani et Amphibali, modernis 
" et futuris merito commondandas." 

He must have written after a.d. 1170 (on the supposition 
that his work was addressed to William), and not in 1150 as 
stated in the Catalogue. Bale (ii. 84) is therefore wrong 
in attributing this poem to Ralph Gubiun, abbot of S. 
Alban'Sy who died in 1 151, 



u 



26. Vita B. Albani per Badulphum de Dunstaple. 

MS. Trio. Coll. Dublin. E. 1. 40. yell. fol. 

Ruhr, — " Incipit Passio Sanctorum, Albani Anglorum Pro- 
tomartyris, et Amphiball sociorumque ejus." 
Incip. — " Albani celebrem coelo terrisque triumphum." 
£xpL — '*CumPatre, cumque sacro Flamine, Christe, Deum.** 
Colophon, — " Explicit Liber Secundus, et habet versus 

Between ff. 29and 63 occur fifty-four very interesting co- 
loured illustrations, with some lines in Norman French annexed 
to each description of the subjects. 

On f. 71. occurs, '^ Hoc autem, videlicet Anno Domini 
" 1257 elapsi sunt a Passione S. Albani," &c. 

The whole of the latter part of the MS*, from f. 50b. as far 
as f. 72^ is written by the same hand as this passage, but the 



* He was, according to Leland, ^ Foeta non contemnendns.*' 
f Tanner has f plit tbia writer into three peraoni, vis. : — Bobertus de 
Danatable ; Radulphna fSini Albani monaohua { and Badulpbus de Dnn- 
staplia. He is styled ** Bobertua de Dunstaple, monachoa S. Albani," in 
the entry of the Cottonian Catalogue. 



TO THE EABL7 HISTOBT OF GBEAT BBITAIN. 15 

earlier part from f. 3 to f. 60, as ako the illuminations, seem to A.D. SOS. 
be bj a different hand. Several leayes are missing, bat in 
other respects the MS, is in good condition. Usher says that 
the MS. was given to the Abbey of S. Alban's by King 
Henry VI.* Tliis conjecture seems to rest on the following 
rather ill^ible entry on the wrapper of f. 1 b. : ^' . . . . errimus 
** vex Henricns Sextus esscns ad Concilium magnum West- 
'^ monasterii . . . tentum hunc librom visus est [sic^ et ad ho- 
*' norem gloriosi Martyris Albani." 



27* Norman French Poem f on St. Alban and 

St Amphibalus. 

MS. Tim Coll. XKiblin. £. 1. 40. ft S9-60. velL IbL 

The beginning is wanting, and apparently also several 
leaves in the middle. The first lines on f. 29, are :-— 

** Ki tant est redutee de diable enfemal, 
Mes ne ert dor adubee ne dautre metal, 
De peres preciuses de ivoire ne real." 

JSxpL — ** A Jesu me abandun serf loial enterrin. 

E la estoire de Aubun ci finis e termin.** 

i2tidr. — ** Ci finist li rumantz del Estoire de Seint Auban, le 
** premer Martir de Engleterre, e de Seint Amphibal e de ses 
^ cumpainnuns." 

This is the tract which Usher considered as a metrical 
drama of the life and miracles of St. Alban by Matthew 
Paris. On what grounds, however, his belief was founded 
that this version was made by Matthew Paris does not appear. 



* ** GfJlioam lUnd KatUuei earn latino Galiehni [Albanensis] et Ra- 
** dulphi [de Dmutaplia] opere conjonetam habetur in Codice EcdesiflB 
** 8, Albftni ab Henrico YI. Anglomm rege donato, in quo et daplex 
'* coQtinebatiir— TVoctotet de Inventitmt teu Translatione S, AJbani—in 
** festo laventioiiis ^usdem in Alhanensi coenobio legi solitns. Tractatos 
** alter, priore longe prollzior, sub medium duodecimi post Christum saculi 
** yidetor editos, et ad prandium Conventus legi eonsneyit" — (^Ibid.) 

t There iras originally a French life of St Alban and St, Amphibalus 
in MS. Cott Yitell. D. yiii, entitled *' La yie S. Alban, le premier Martyr 
** de Engleterre, et de S. Amphibal," as also certain " Versus Latini de 
" iisdem Sanctis," in the same MS.» irhich is nov lost. 



16 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OP MANUSCEIPTS RELATING 

AJ). 308. The authors of the '^ Histoire Litt^raire dc la France " men- 
tion no French writings of Matthew Paris ; but see Oudin 
« De Scriptoribus Eccles.*' iii. 215, 216. 



28. De Inyentione et Translatione S. Albani ; in 

8 Lectiones. 

Ibid. ff. 50 b^2 b. 

The Rubric seems to have been : — 

'< De Inyentione et Translatione S. Albani. — ^Lectio prima." 

Incip, — " Beati Protomartyris Anglorum Albani fratres." 

ExpL — *^ Ad sancta sequi Sanctorum, ubi sine fine feliciter 
'* conregnemus." 

Matth. z. 34, is added. 

In this tract occur the passages printed bj Usher (1. c« ed. 
1639, pag. 981 ; ed. 1687, pag. 83) :— 

" EgregisB dignitatis mirseque sanctitatis Martyr Albanus,'* 

&c. (in Lectio III.) ; and, — 

'< Albanus nomen accepit a regionc Albanensi " (in 

Lectio Vm.) 



29. De Inventione et Translatione S. Albani. 

Ibid. ff. 53-62 b. 

Rubr.-^^^ Tractatus de Inyentione seu Translatione Sancti 
" Albani secundum aliud exemplar, prout legitur ad prandium 
^' conventus in festo Inyentionis, qusB sancta fuit die Sancti 
" Petri ad Vincula. 

/nctp.— '^ Cum pretiosus Sancti Domini Martyr Albanus 
'' viriUter consummate gaudia superis intulisset triumpho.'' 

ExpL [unless the following tract belongs to it] — *^ Deal- 
^< batus in ejus sanguine inter millia candidatorum Jesum 
<' Christum Dominum nostrum dominantium (?), cui est cum 
^* Deo Patre et Spiritu Sancto decus et imperium per omnia 
** sscula sfficulorum. Amen." * 

In this tract occurs the passage (Usher 1. c.) : — 

'* O Yerolamium civitatis antiquas ruina." 

* A lacuna occurs between £ 61 & £ 62. 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 17 

Also an episode on King Offa's foundation of St. Alban's, and A.D* 309. 
two rhTming poems, one on St. Alban, the other in honour 
of Abbot Gaufiridus, written during his lifetime. 



30. Tract on the Invention of St. Amphibalus [anno 

1177], and his Miracles. 

Ibid. ff. 6Sb-69b. [Imperfect at the end.] 

This may possibly belong to the preceding article. 

/ndp. — '^Sepulta sunt corpora Sanctorum, quos Sanctus 
" Amphibalus ad Christum convertit." 

ExpL (first part) — " Et in ecclesia Beati Albani, ubi corpus 
" ejusdem et sociorum ejus jacere dinoscuntur, miracula 
" etema recordatione digna ad gloriam Dei Omnipotentis 
'* celebrantur." 

Then begins either a new Chapter or else a different tract : — 

<' Miracula^ quibus Divina miseratio beatum decoravit 
<^ Amphibalum, bifariam distinguuntur." 

Last lines on f. 69b ^— * 
'^ — a piad memoriffi yenerabili patre nostro, abbate Willelmo, 
*^ in medio ecdesis S. Albani veneranter translatus et col- 
" locatus est ; ubi quotidianum Deo gloriosum impenditur 
*' ministerium, qui yivit et reg. • •" 



31. A Fragment relative to St. Alban and St. Amphibalus. 

Ibid. ff. 70-72 b. 

Incip, — ^ . . . phibalus in civitate Winf et venerabilis. 
** Et siquis de titulis ejus plus voluerit investigarcy adeat 
*' antiqna scripta Lichefeldensis et Bangomensis ecclesiarum 
** cathedralium." 

It has the following Rubrics : — 

Ruhr. — <^De mausolco invento, et eis quae in eo sunt 
" reperta." 

Ruhr,—'' De loci dignitate." 

Ruhr, — ^^ De miraculis." 

^a^/.-"— '' Mortui etiam suscitabantur, quod diligenti in- 
^' quisitione a fratribus est examinatum." 

VOL. I. B 



18 DESCRIPTIVE OITALOGUB OF MANUSCRIP18 RKULTINO 

A.U 303. 82. A Tract on the Mirades of the Relics of St. Amphibalus. 

Ibid. ff. 73-77. [Imperfect at end.] 

Incip.^** Anno Dominicae Incarnationig 1225, Idus Maii, 
" nutu Divino, rerum eyentibus illud confirmantibus, trans- 
'* latum est feretram sancti Martyris Amphibali a venera- 
•* bilk memorl» Willelmo abbate," &c. 

The Rubrics are :-^ 

<' De puero muto et contracto.*' 

*^ De paralytiza. 

*' De milite habente carbunoulum." 

^^ De imagine cerea." 

" De uxore prasdicti (militis).'' 

'' De ezanuni ad yitam revocata." 

" De patiente epilepsiam." 

•< De oera." 

" De muliere epileptica." 

EscpL^^^CvA fidem adhibens mulier caput suum^ quod 
** supra modum intumuerat, quodam filo, quod Ucnus appella- 
'^ tur, mensurando circumdedit'* 

Is this the ^' Libellus de Miraeulis " mentioned by Matthew 
Paris ? (" Acta Sanctorum Do Albano," p. 170 a.).» 



33. Tractatus de Nobilitate, Vita, et Martyrio SS. Albani 
et Amphibali, e Gallico in Latinum translatum. 

MS. Cott Claud. £. iy. 9. ff. 334 b— 336. yell. fol. zy. cent. 

Incip, — ** Julius Cesar primus Romanorum imperator;'* 
ExpL — ** Et pax est reddita Eoclesiae sanctse Dei." 



* At ff. 63-66 b. are copiei of five charters belonging to S. Alban's. 

The late Mr. Kemble bad not seen these, bat printed them fh>m MS. 
Cotton. Nero D. 1. They are in his ** Codex Diplomaticus ^yi Saxonici " 
under these numbers : — 

Ka 161. Offa, anno 792. 

No. 162. Ofll^ anno 793. 

No. 172. Ecgfrith, anno 796. 

No. 173. Ecgfrith, anno 796. 

No. 696. AetSelred, anno 996. 

The last is not finished in the Dublin codesc There are some yarious 
readmgs between Mr. Kemble's and this text, principally In the spelling of 
the names. 



TO THE EABLy HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN, 19 

The Rubrics are 2— A.D, 303. 

'^ De tributo et legibus Julii Cssaris in regno Britannia 
'< impositis et institntia." 

** QnaHler Albanas et plures nobiles Britanniae a Diocle- 
*' tiano Bomanorum Imperatore ordinem militarem suscepe* 
" runt." 

^' De conyersione Sancti Ampbibali bortatu Papaa Zepbj^ 

nni. 

"De strenuitate Albanii etde mora ejosdem propter suam 
** probitatem Lnperatoris Diocletiani." 

" De morte Bassiani et Caranaii, regum BritannisBy et de 
" corona Aaclepiodoti ducia ComubiflB." 

" Qaaliter Sanctus Albanua, dominua YerelomisB, factus 
" fuerat Senesoallas et princepa militiae totiua Britanniae." 

'* Do pnedicatione ChristianaB fidei, et persecutione Iinpera- 
" toris Diocletiani, et conversione Sancti Albani.'* 

" De fuga Sancti Ampbibali, et de oppreasione Sancti 
*« Albani." 

^* De aolicitudine Imperatoris Diocletiani super perversione 
« Sancti Albani." 

De sententia Maxim iani super Martjrio Sanctorum Al- 

bani et Ampbibali." 

^^ De Miraculia, Martjrio, et Sepultura Sancti Albaoi." 

*^ De nobilitate Sancti Ampbibali, et de ecclesia oatbe- 
". drali Wintoniae in bonore ejaadem dedicata." 

" De Paasione diyeraorum Martjrum die Sancti Albani mar- 
•* tyriaatorum." 

" De morte Sancti Albani per Coel Ducem Colcestriad vin- 
** dicata, et de Helena filia ejusdem Constantino Imperatori 
" matrimonio copulata." 

'^ De terribili morte Imperatorum Diocletiani et Maxi- 
" miani." 






34. Tractatus de Yita, Nobilitate, et Martyrio Sanc- 
tomm Albani et Ampbibali, de quodam Qallico ex- 
cerpttis, et in Latinum translatus. 

MS. BodL 5S5. ft 1-17. yell, small 4ta 

« 

Incip, — ^'Julius Caesar primus Romanorum Imperator.'* 
ExpL — '^ Si dealt littera quinta." 

B 2 



20 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.l>. sod. 36. De Sancto Albano Martyre. 

MS. Cott. Tiber. £. 1. ft 188 b.-19S. 

Inc^.^^** Cum persecutio sub Diocletiano." 

Expl, — '^Relictis quse in manibus habuerat^ de ecclesia quaiA 
'^ totius aufugit.*' 

This occurs in one of the restored MSS.) which has been 
partly destroyed by fire. The Lives in this volumey knowh 
as the '^ Sanctilogium/' are said to have been collected by John 
of Tinmouth,* and are nearly the same as in the text printed 
in Capgrave's ^'Legenda Nova Anglie/' f. 6. This article is 
an abridgment of William of St. Alban's life of St Alban, 
with the addition of an account of Pelagius, the several 
Translations of St. Alban, the contest with the monks of 
Ely about his relics, and various miracles. Compare MS. 
Cott. Faust. B. iv. (No. 9.) 

Capgrave separates Alban and Amphibalus. 



36. De Sancto AmpldbaJo Martyre. 

MS. Cott Tiber. £. 1. ff. I95b-196. 

Ineip — ^'Cum enim Sanctus Amphibalus Albanus Mar- 
tyrum." 

JE;q»/.— '*Pro Martyre sue glorioso ostendere dignatus est." 
Printed in Capgrave's " Nova Legenda," ff. 13<-14b. 

* As freqncnt reference will be made to this MS., a few words descriptiTe 
of the difference between the collection of the Lives of Saints in this volume 
and that printed in Capgrave's " Nova Legenda AnglisB,*' will not be ont 
of place. 

John of Tinmouth*s Lives are placed in the order of the Calendar, 
beginning with Edward the Confessor (5th January), and ending apparently 
with Egwin (SOth December) ; after which follow ty^ more Lives, which 
have either been omitted from their proper places or else added as surplus- 
age. Each Life is generally foUowed by a collect, there styled ''Narratio," 
but which has scarcely any connexion with the preceding subject 

Capgrave seems merely to have transposed the Lives, as they occur in 
John of Tinmouth, into alphabetical order, and to have omitted many of 
the coUects or narrations. On a collation of various parts, only a few 
verbal differences have been discovered. 

Dr. Smith, in his Catalogue of the Cottonian MSS. (p. 76), describes a 
MS. (Otho, D. ix.), now missing, which accorded with the printed edition 
of Capgrave*s '* Nova Legenda Anglisc.** See also No. 38. 



TO THE EARLY BISTORT OF GREAT BRITAIN. 21 

37. Vita S. Albani* AJ). soa. 

MS. BodL 24a (2469). I 587. 

Incip. — '* Ex Sanctilogio Johannis Anglici ; Regnante 
" Sancto Edwardo Confessore." 
ExpL — ** Aliis scribondo communicare decrevi.'* 
The first part of the MS. in which this article occurs^ 
extending to p. 582^ ends thus : " Explicit Historia Aurea 
** Johannis Anglici.** In a later hand is added, ^ vel potius 
** Gaidonis Dionjsiani, abbatis Gallici."* The second part 
contains the Life of St. Alban, but is imperfect at the begin- 
ning, and has no title. The MS, seems to be either tran- 
scribed or abbreviated from John of Tinmouth's ''Sancti- 
^* logium," who is repeatedly referred to. It is also in Cap- 
" grave's Nova Legenda.'' 



38. Vita Sancti Albani. 

MS. BodL Tanner, 15, £ 9. velL large IbL dble. coL xt. cent. 

Ineip. — *^ Cum persecutio, sub Diocletiano Imperatore mota.'* 
ExpL — ** PrsB timore autem exterritus, relictis quse in 
*^ manibus habuerat, dc ecclesia quam totius aufugit.'^ 

This magnificent volume is apparently a copy of Capgrave's 
** Nova Legenday^f wanting, however, the Preface ; the printed 
edition too of that work contains fifteen lives, which are 
not in this MS. They were probably added by Wynkyn de 
Worde, or his editor, who appears also to have written the 
preface. At the end of the MS. occurs, ^^ Perfectum est hoc 
** opus, vulgariter intitulatum ^ De Sanctis Angliae,' ad laudem 
** et honorem Omnipotentis Dei ac sanct® Cantuariensis 
^ ecclesi», ex impensis reverendi in Christo patris, Domini 



• Concerning the *" Sanctilogiam ** of this Goido (who died in 1350), 
aee Gallia Christ yii 399. 

t A MS. of C^graTe's *^ Nova Legenda Angli» '* of the XTth cent, 
nearly as is in the printed text of Wynkyn de Worde^ is among the MSS. 
in Toik Cathedral (No. xyi. o. I.}. It foUovs the *' Legendeo Sanctomnu 
*' collects» per Fratrem Petrum Calo, Ordinis PrKdicatonuu." See also 
Ko. 85. 



22 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 303. « ThoDMB Goleston, ejaadcm eccleatue prioris, ac sacrarum lit- 
** terarum professoris cgregii, per me Jacobum Neelle, Nor- 

mannum, ac Rot)iomagi natum, anno Verbi Incarnati 1499. 

Deo gratias/' The last few folios contain a cop79 in a 
hand of the 17th centurj, of the treatise '< De prime statu 
*^ Landavensis ecclesiae, excerpta de peryetusto libro de Titis 
*^ Sanctorum Britanniasi" with part of a Life of St. Bemach. 
See No. 28L 






89. De Sancto Amphibalo. 

MS. BodL Tanner, 15. £ 22. fol dble. coL zy. cent. 

Incip,-^*^ Cum enim Sanctus Amphibalus Albanum Mar- 
" tyrem gloriosum." 

ExpL — *< Salvator noster pro Martyre suo glorioso osten- 
'* dere dignatus est." 

Eridentlj the same text as that in Capgrave's ^^ Nova Le- 
'' genda AnglisB." See No. 88. 



40. Vita S. Albani. 

MS. Colt Gleopat C. tU. £ 202-288 b. relL small 4ta ziiL cent 

tneip. — "Inter rosas Martjrum, insigniter rutilat noster 
'* Albanus : confidenter dico nostrum, calumniasBritonumnon 
" formidans. Quid vobis inquiunt et Britoni Albano." 

ExpL : — " Albanum, inquit, egreginm fcecunda Britannia 
*' profcrt.** This was the original conclusion, but a paragraph 
from Venantius Fortunatus has been added, commencing, 

" FcBcunda plane Britannia " and ending, ** qui 

'* cum Fatre et Spiritu Sancto vivit et regnat per omnia 
" ssecula sa&culorum. Amen." 

A sermon on St. Alban, in a very turgid style, and of no 
historical yalue. 



41. Vita S. Albani Martyris. 

MS. Phillipps, No. 898, paper, xr. cent, ex Bibliotheca M. CelottL 



TO THE SABLT HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 23 

42. Vita S. Albani. A.D. 303. 

MS. FbiUipps, 3011, yell. zit. cent. 



43. The Livis and Faasions of Seynt Albon and Seynt 
Amphibal, translated out of Frenssh. By Dan John 
Lidgate, at the request of Maister John Wheteham- 
6tede> Abbot of Seynt Albon, the year of our Lord 
1439. 

MS. Lanidovne, 699. ft, 96-176 h, paper. 8yo. xt. cent 

Incip, — ** To calle Clio my dulness to redresse." 

Expl. — ** To be registrid among the worthi nyne." 

Colophon, — '^Heer endith the livis % passionis of Sejnt 

** Albon % Sejnt Amphibal, translated out of Frensh & Latjn 

^ hi Dan John Lidgate at the reqnesto of Maister John Whete- 

^ hamstede^ Abbot of Seynt Albons, the yeere of oar Lord 

** U.CQCCXXJLDi/' 

This MS. was printed at St Alban's, 1534, 4to.| by John z 
Hertford. s*- • v^.***-^ 

The MS. formerly belonged to Mr.nmfreTille, who in a note 
has properly remarked that many pieces written by Lydgate, 
which are contained in it, have never been printed. The best 
list of Lydgate's works is that inserted under his name in 
the article in Bitson's '' Bibliographia Poetica." On fol. 1. of 
this volume is the signature " W. Browne." 



44. Life of St» Alban in English Yeniei by John Lydgate. 

MS. CoIL Trin. Oxon. xxxviii paper. foL zv. cent. 

Incip.^^** To calle Clio ttiy dulnesse to redresse 

^< With alle her susters dwellyng at Elicon." 

Colophon, — " Here endith the glorious liiF and passloun 
" of the blessid martyr Seynt Alboon and Seynt Amphiball, 
** which glorious lyves were translatyd oute of Frensh and 
*' Latyn by Dan John Lydgate, monk of Bury, at request 
'' and prayer of Master John Whethamsted, the yere of oure 
" Lord x.cooaxxxix.| and of the seyde Master John Who* 
*' thamstede of his abcye xix.'' 



"s 



^1* » ^ 



24j descriptive catalogue of manuscripts relating 
AJ). 803. 45. Lydgate's Lyf of Saint Albon and St. Amphibal. 

MS. FhillipiM, 8299. Glim Heber, 1 333. 

Incip, — " To call The [? Clio] my dulnesse to redresse." 

Colophon : — *' Here endith the glorious lyfe and passyone 
" of the blessid Martir Seint Albone and Seint Amphibale, 
^* whiche glorious Ijyis were translated oute of Frensho and 
" Latyne by Dane Johne Lydgate, Moncke of Bury, at the 
'^ request and prayer of Master Jno. Whethamstede, the yere 
** of our Lord k.occcxxxix., and of the said Master Johne 
** Whethamstede of his abisse xix." 



46. Legenda Albani. 

MS. HarL 2277. ft 64b.~66b. veil 4ta ziy. cent 

Incip, — ** Saint Alban, the holi man^ was here of Engelonde, 
*' I martred he was for Godes love thurf our Louerdes sonde." 
ExpL — '* that we to the joye come that ever shal laste.'' 
This piece, which occurs also in the next eight MSS. here 
noticed, is attributed to Robert of Gloucester. 



46 a. Seint Albon the Holy Martyr. 

MS. Bodl. 779, £ 224. paper, large 4to. xr. cent 

Incip. — ^* Seint Albon, the holy man, ybore was in Inge- 
" londo." 

ExpL — " That we moot to the joye come, that ever shal 
" ylast. Amen." 



46 b. Life of St. Albon. 

MS. Bodl. Vernon, ff. 32b.-d3. vel. very large folio. xIy cent 
Incip. — ** Seint Albon this holy mon was here of Englonde*** 



TO THE EAELY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 25 

46 c Vita S. AlbanL AJD. 303. 

MS. BodL Laad. Miso. 108. ff. 46b.-48. Tell. fol. ziy cent 

Inc^. — ** Seint Albon the hblie man : was here of Engue- 
londe 
*^ Imartred he was for Godes love : thoruz Jesus 
Cristes sonde." 



46 d, Seint Albon. 

MS. Bodl. Land. Muc 463. ff. 56b.-57 (ol. 1596). yell. foL xiy cent 

Incip, — ** Seint Albon the holy man 
" Was here of Engelond." 



47. Life of St. Alban in verse, by Bobert of Gloucester. 

MS. Ashmole 43, ff. 164l>-165b. yell. 4to. circa A.D. 1300. 
Incip, — *^ Seyn Albon, the holi man, was her of Engelonde." 



48. Vita S. Albani 

MS. ColL Trin. Ozon., lyii ff. 55b.-56b. 

Incip. — ** Seint Albon, the holy man, wos here of Engelonde, 
** Imartired he was for Grodis love thorgh oar Lordis 
sonde." 



49. De Sancto Albano. 

MS. Harl. 3250. ft 77-77b. paper, large 4to. xy. cent 

Ineip^ — " Saynt Albane, the holy mon, wos* here of Eng- 
« londe.'' 

ExpL — ** that we mowen come at our endyng to the joye 
^ that ever shal last Amen." 



50. De Sancto Albano. 

MS. C.CC. Cant 145. f. 50, yell, small folio, ziy. cent 2^ pages. 

Incip. — ** Seint Albon the holy man her of Engelonde." 
Expl. — " that we to the joie come mote that evere ssel ilaste." 



* The Harleian Catalogue (No. 2250) misreads this word « roos." 



26 DESCBIPTIVE CATALOaUE OF MAKU9CBIPTS RELATING 

A.D. «oa. 51. S. Albani Paasio. 

MB. Beg. 13 A.x.£63>55b. Tell. Sto. sditcnt 

Incip. — ^* In Britannia^ insula passus est.*' 
Expl, — " perfecto agone miserunt." 

This seems to be taken yerbatim from Beda, as given in 
Yol. 1, p. 18. Edit. Stevenson. 



52. Pasaio S. Albani. 

MS. Harl 3597. ft 150b-161. paper. 4to. kt. oent. 

Incip,-^** Temporibus Diocletiani et Maximiani Impora* 
'* torum persecutio immanis exorta." 
ExpL — ** perfecto agone miserunf 
Nearlj the same text as that of No. 51. 



53. Passio S. Albani Martyris. 

MS. Gray's Inn, 3, IF. 140-141 b. veil, folio, dble cols. xi. cent. 

Bubr. — " Incipit Passio Sancti Albani Martyris." 

Ifwip,'^** In diebus illis Diodetianus." 

iSay/,— "Perfecto agono misenint." 

Co/op^on.—" Explicit Passio S. Albani Martyris." 

Nearly the same text as that of Nos. 51 and 52. 

It is followed by a short homily commencing "Tempore 

" persecutionis, Sanctus Albanus," and ending " laus et gloria 

'* et imperium in Biecula sseculorum. Amen." 



54. De Sancto Albano Proiomartyre sub Biocletiana 

MS. Vatican. 3631. paper. 4to. xH cent 

This occurs in a manuscript entitled <* Sanctorum Yirorunl 
" et Martyrum in Anglia Historia^" and is apparently taken 
from Beda's Ecclesiastical History* It has this Rubric: 
" Quomodo persecutione sub Diocletiano facta S. Albanus 
** primus in Britannia pro Christo martyrium pertulit.'' 



TO THE EARLY HISTOBY OF QjaEAT BBTTAIN. 27 

55. Vita S. AlbanL A.D. 30». 

Ma Vatican. 6444. yell. 4to. xiii. cent 

This occurs in the volume entitled ** Passionale Sanctorum.'' 
At the end of the volume, in a hand of the fifteenth centurj^ 
the following inscription occurs : '^ Iste liber pertinet monas- 
^* terio BeatiB Marias Magdalenao, in migore Franchentall inter 
** Spiram et Wormatiam extra Rhenum situate, Ordinis 
^ Canonicorum Begularium S* Augustini Episcopi et Doctoris 
" ezimlL" 



56. Vita S. AlbanL 

MS. BibL da Boi, 6584. 9. veil, olim Mazarin. xiii. cent (Catal. iv. 259.) 



57. Vita S. Albani Martyris. 

MS. Alex. Petavii m Bibl. Yaticana. 539. 
Mentioned in Montfaucon's ** Bibliotheca.'' 



58. De Inventione et Translatione 8. Albani, et de Bege 
Offa fundatore ecclesise S. Albani. 

MS. Cott Nero D. i. ff. 27-30. veU. folio, dble. cols, xil cent. 

Bubr, — " De Inventione et Translatione Albani." 
Incip. — ** Beati Protomartjris Anglorum Albani." 
£xpl. — <' ad opus conditoris sui revertamus." 



59. Qualiter non complacuit B. Albano aliter morari nisi 

nbi passus est. 

MS. CoCt.KeroD. i*C25l>-27. yell, folio, dble. cola ]di cent 

Incip. — " Cum Danorum rabies in AngHa.^ 
Expt,^-J* Uteris minime commendantur.'* 



28 D£SCRIFrXV£ CATALOGUE OF MAKUSCBIPTS EELATIKG 

A.D. S03. 60. Albani Passia 

MS. Bibl. Chrisdns Begins 523, f. 212. yell. 4to. zL cent 

Ruhr. — ** Incipit Passio Sancti Albani Martjris sub die x. 
'' Kalend. Juliarum." 

Incip, — '^Anno Incarnationis Dominica ducentesimo octo- 
'* gesimo sexto, Diocletianus, tricesimus-tertias ab Augusto 
" Imperatore." 

It is taken apparently from Beda*8 '^ Ecclesiastical History/' 
lib. i. c. 7, and is printed in the ** Acta Sanctorum *' (22nd 
June), iv. 147. 



61. Vita S, Albani. 

BCS. EccL Petroborg. D. 2. 4. velL 4to. 

Incip. — ''Anno Dominicse Incarnationis ducentesimo octo- 
*' gesimo sexto." 
Expl — ''Albanum egregium fecunda Britannia profert . ." 
Imperfect at the end. 



62. Passio S. Albani. 

MS. BibL da BoL 3789. 27. Tell, olim Colbert. xiiL cent (Catal. It. 

473.) 



63. Passio S. Albani. 

MS. BibL da Roi, 5280. 52. tcU. oUm Bigot xiil. cenU (CataL iy. 67.*) 



64. Passio S. Albani Martyris AnglicanL 

MS. Bibl. da Boi, 6296. 35. Tell, olim Colbert xiii. cent (Catal. iv. 74.) 



* This Tolame contains the liTes of scTenty Saints, and the Editor 
ftvmarks: ** Obsenrandam aatem est, his ipsis Sanctonim actis insertdm esse 
** Martjrologiam, qaod KiTdoni, Corbiensi Monacho, Tolgo tribaitar." 



TO THE EABLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITATN. 29 

66. Passio S. Albanl a.d. 30d. 

M& Bibl. da Boi, 5299. 83. velL olim Fateaans. ix. cent (Catal. iy. 78.) 
DefectiYe towards the conclusion. 



66. Passio S. Albani. 

MS. Bibl. da Roi, 5310. 17. veil olim Colbert x. cent (Catal. iy. 87.) 



67. Paflsio S. Albani. 

MS. Bibl. dtt Roi, 5324. 22. olim Pateanu^. (CataL iy. 95.) 



68. Pasdo S. Albani. 

MS. Bibl. S. Gratiani Taronensis. 
Mentioned in Montfaucon's " Bibliotheca. 



9f 



69. Paasio S. Albani Martyris. 

MS. Bibl. Gemeticensis. 
. Mentioned in Montfaucon's ^' Bibliotheca.'* 



70. Miracula S. Albani, Mart3rris. 

MS. Frankfort on Main. 



71 . Hymnus ad S. Albanum, versibus Leoninis expressus. 

MS. Arnndel. 201. f. 96. yell. 8yo. xiii.cent 

/ncy.— « O Albani.*' 

ExpL — '* cum beatis in regno clarissimo.^ 



30 DESCRIPTIYI! CATALOGUS OF HANTJSGBIPTS BELATINQ 

A.D. 303. 72, Versus Leonini sexa^fiuta ad S. Albanum. 

MS. Arundel 201, f. 84, ziii. cent. 

Incip. — " Praelecto signifer legis Christianfle." 
Expl, — ** glorisB gaudentes. Amen.'* 



73. Lectiones in Natali S. Albani Martyris. 

MS. Bibl. du Boi, 2475. 1. yell. xlil. cent. Formerly 1418 in Colbert, 

and 3791 in Reg. (Catal. iy. 287.) 

Incip. — *^ Albanus adhuc paganus." 



74. De inclyti et gloriosi Protomartyris Angliss Albani 
quern in Germania et Gallia Albinum vocant, Conver- 
sione, Passione, Translatione, et Miraculorum corns- 
catione. 

This life of the English Saint and Protomartyr, Saint Alban, 
dedicated to King Henry the Seventh, by the Abbot and 
monks of the Monastery of St. Pantaleon/ at Cologne, was 
printed at that place in 1502. Concerning this edition, see 
Usher. « Brit. Eccles. Antiq.*' p. 77. 



75. Miscellanea Compendia : de primatu Christianitatis in 
Britannia ; de Martyrio S. Albani ; de prima Chris- 
tianitate Anglorum ; de longitudine jugeri ; de men- 
suris terrarum ; de ponderibus ; de Inventionibus et 
Translationibus S. Albani. 

MS. Cott JnUus D. yiJ. 30. ff. 128b-129. yell. 4to. xiii. cent 

Riibr. — " Chronica de Martyrio Sancti Albani Martyris." 
Incip, — ^**Anno GratisQ cclxxxvii°." 
£xpL — '' deleta fuit memoria," 

Ruhr. (f. 129). — " De Inventionibus et Translationibus et 
" Inventione mausolei Sancti Albani." 
Inc^. — " Deus laudibus Sancti Albani." 
Expl, — <'a capite anni yero ab Incarnatione." 
A collection of short memoranda of no value. 



TO THE £ABLT HISTOBT OF OBEAT BBITiaN» 31 

76. S. Albani Vita. A.D. 303. 

MS. Beg. 12 B. xxW. pp. 146-153 b, paper and printed^ 8vo. 

Ine^. — ** Martyris Albani venerabilis, ecce, legenda, 

<* Utilis erranti quia fertilis est relegenda." 
Historia ejusdem meirice : — 

** Qaem mater genuit fait haec Bibi soror et uxor." 
Then seven other lines ending : — 

** Nunc ccelo tectum feliciori fine." 
Suhr. — '* Historia ejusdem prosaice incipit : — 
^' Erat enim in partibus Aquilonis homo quidam." 
Expl, — " Nivem dealbari. Amen." 

Colophon. — "Et sic est flnita Historia Sancti Albani 
« Martyris." 

No date, place, or printer's name occurs in this tract. It is 
bound up with various other pieces, printed and in MS. 



77. S. Albani Vita, 

IIS. Beg. 13 £. L C SSO-asib, large foL dble. coL xiv. or xy. cent 

Indp. — ** Erat in partibus Aquilonis homo quidam." 

ExpUc.^^ Niyem dealbari. Amen." 

The same text as that in the preceding article, omitting 
the eight lines in yerse at the commencement, " Quem mater," 
&c, and the words "Et sic est flnita Historia Sancti 
" Albani Martjris" at the end. 

These three articles, Nos. 76, 77, and 78, do not relate to 
the English Alban ; but to St. Alban of Mentz, who founded 
a monastery there in 804. They are, however, introduced 
here to prevent farther mistake, because the two Albans and 
their acts have been more than once confounded together, 
as appears from Sir Thomas More's book against Tindal, and 
from Ruinart*s Notes on the History of the Yandalic Perse- 
cution . Fapebroke ('' Acta Sanctorum," iv . 68, June) mentions 
another St. Alban, a Martyr, whose relics are honourably 
preserved at Burano, near Venice. • 



32 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCBIFTS RELATING 

A.D. 803. 78. Vita S. Albani, 

MS. BodL Lftod. Misc. 183. f. 322 b. Former reference, 782. yelL im. 4ta 

Incip.^^** Tempore Honorii impiissimi regis Persarum.'' 
ExpL — '* Miracula prsestante Domino nostro Jesu Christo." 
The MS. in which this occurs is beautifully written in 
manj different hands. It is intituled, " Passionale, siye Vitas 
<* Sanctorum." On the flyleaf is : '< Iste liber est Carthu- 
*^ siensium prope Maguntiam/' This S. Alban was martyred 
at Mayence. 
This relates to St. Alban of Mentz. 



79. Legenda in Festo S. Albani. 

MS. Arundel 198, f. 27 b. veil. 8to. xiiL or xiv. cent 

/ftc^. — " Tempore Honorii.** 
Expl—** fuit per Christum.*' 

A short Lection^ for the feast day of the last-named St. Alban, 
of no value. 



80. De Sancio Albano. 

MS. C. C. C. Cant 100. p. 365-369. paper. itL cent 

Incip. — ** Erat olim in partibus Aquilonis.** 

ExpL — " Nivem dealbari. Amen." 

Colcp/ion, — *' Explicit vita Sancti Albani Martyris.** 

Of this narrative Nasmith (Catalogus MSS. Coll. C. C. 
Cant., p. 66) remarks : *' Fabulosa hsec historia in quinque 
" paginis enarrat vitam nescio cujus Albani, qui ex incesto 
*^ thalamo procreatus, et in Hungariam deportatus, ibique ex- 
'' positus, regi defertur, et ab eodem in filium adoptatur. 
*' Delude inscienter propriam matrem in uxorem ducit ; re 
" autem comperta, deliciis mundi renuens, reliquam vitam 
'< anachoretice agit." This is seemingly the same text as that 
of the Vatican MS. Urbin. 486, next mentioned. 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 33 

81. S. Albani Martyris Historia. A.D. 303. 

MS. Urbin. in Bibl. Vatican. 436. f. 46. yell. xiv. cent 

Incip. — '' Fuit olim in partibus Aquilonis Imperator quidam 
" potens et nobilis." 

Nearly tlio same text as that in the MS. at Corpus Chris ti 
College, last mentioned. 



82. Libellus, cajus titulus: Nativitas, Vita, et Obitus 
Saneti Albani ; qui natus fuit ex patre et filia, postea 
accepit matrem in uxorem, post bsBC occidit patrem et 
matrem, demum Sanctus. 

MS. Bibl dn Boi, 8567. 2. Yell, olim Colbert, xiv. cent. (Catal. iv. 472.) 



83. Vita et Pasdo S. Albani. 

MS. Bibl. Monast. SS. Udalric et Affne August. i1y. iil. fol. xyL cent. 

Incip, ProL — "Postquam cetemi Patris Unigenitas et Ver- 
« bum Dei." 

Incip. Vita. — '' Inter hos constantissimus Christ! Athleta et 
" Martyr Albanus." 

Printed in "Canisii Lectiones Antiquae/* iv. 158, Edit. 
Basnagiana;. 



84. S. Albani Passio per Goswinum monacbum.* 

MS. Vienna. 



* There are seYcral MSS. of the Life of St. Alban in the Imperial 
Library at Vienna, but from the notices in the Catalogue it is not clear 
ifhether or not they refer to the English Alban. 

VOL. L 



34 PESCBIPnVE CATALOGUE OF ICANUSCRIFTS BELATIKG 

A,D. 303. Creation— 303. 

85. Chronica Sancti Albani, ab Adamo usque ad Mar- 
tyrium S. Albani. Una cum narratione variarum 
Translationum corporis ejusdem Albani. 

MS. HarL 64. fL 164^176. yell 4ta ziii. cent. 

Incip. — " Adam annoram cxxx. genuit Seth.** 
£xpL — '^Patienter semper exorat, cujus glotias sempitemae 
*^ datori laus et honor dignus. Amen." 



86. Excerpta ex Historia Sancti Albani, scripta tempore 
R. Henrici III., et ex Chartis Regum Anglo-Saxoni- 
corum OfiVo, Egfridi, ^thelredi, &Cy Abbatisa S. 
Albani concessis. 

MS. Harl. 66. ff. 1 — 11. paper, large 4to. XYii. cent 

Incip. — " Warmundus rex fundator." 
Expl—'' Norfolcia, Suffolcia." 

Excerpts from grants of Kings, from Warmundus to Henry L 
A.D. 1116. 

Of no historical ralue whatcYcr. 



A.D. 328. A.D, 328. 

87. Vita S. HelensB, matris Constantini Imperatorifl, 
auctore Joscelino monacho de Fomesio. 

MS. BodL 240. p. 801. 

Incip, — ^' Licet protoparentalis praevaricatio pervitiose 
*' proscripserit posteritatem suam in hujus mundi vallem tene- 
*' brosam, clementissimus tamen Conditor, et candor lucis 
'^ seternee, qui jussit de tenebris lumen splendescere.*' 

ExpL — '' secum prasfato cocnobio attulerunt.** 

The Empress Helena, according to tradition and the earliest 
English historians, was a Briton by birth ; though this state- 
ment has been frequently, and is still, disputed. Henry of 
Huntingdon states that she was the daughter of King Coel, 
who first built walls around the town of Colchester. 

Her Life is in Capgrave's '^Nova Legenda Anglic," f. 173. 
It is preceded by a Preface, which begins, " Solent diversi 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 35 

" diversa aentlre." The Life itself commences with the words, A.T). 328. 
'' Helena .... ChristiansB religionis basis firmissima," and 
ends, " mereantur coelestia penetrare.*' The author professes 
that it is founded upon *^ ancient histories,*' but what they are 
he does not state. 

The Editors of the "Acta Sanctorum" iii. 578 (Aug. 18) 
refer to various Lives of the Empress Helena, viz. one ''ex MS. 
'' Bodecensi,'' commencing, " Cum Bex regum et Dominus 
'' dominantium ecclesias sues ;" another, of which the Pro- 
logue commences : " Si juxta Apostoli dictum,^ and the Life, 
" Beata igitur Helena, Trevericse urbis indigena;'* another 
" ex MS. Blaburensi Hirsaugiae," the title of which is, " Incipit 
" historia de beata Helena, inventrice ligni yitas ac matre Con- 
" stantini Imperatoris Magni ;" another " ex MS. Rubein 
** Vallis," which they suppose to have been written by Alman- 
tius or Almannus, monachus Altivillarensis, the Prologue of 
which commences: " Excellentissimi Romani imperii caput 
" pnesentaturi sanctse Ecclesiae ;" another '' ex MSS. S. Be- 
" nigni Divion., et Vallis Lucentis, et CarthusisB Divion." 
the title of which is : "Licipit Epistola Almanni monachi de 
" Vita SanctaB Helen©." 

They also print a Life under this title : " Vita sen potius 
" Homilia^ auctore Almanno coenobita Altivillarensi.'' from 
" MSS. S. Benigni Divion.,'^Vallis Lucentis, et Carthusias," 
collated with MS. Trevirens. 

Incip. Epigt Auet — " Agnoscens, lector." 

Incip, Prol,"^*^ Ligenium prudentisB mortalis." 

Incip, Vtia, — " Beata igitur Helena oriunda Trevirensis." 

ExpL Vita^ — " in vita ccelesti apud Deum." 

« Acta Sanctorum," iii. 580 (Aug. 18). 

They also printed her Miracles, by Almannus ''ex MS. 
" Resbacensi." 






88. Vita S. Helenas. 

MS. C. 0. C. Cant 252. veil small folio, ziv. cent 
Ruhr, — *^ Licipit Prologus in vitam Sanctas Helenaa." 
Incip, Prol, — "Licet Prothoparen talis." 
Incip, Vita, — " Temporibus Diocletiani et Maximiniani." 
ExpL Vita, — "Producere digneretur Jesus Christus Rex 
aeternus, qui cum Patre et Spiritu Sancto vivit et regnat 
Deus per omnia saecula saeculorum* Amen." 

C 2 



36 PESCBIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCBIPTS RELATING 

,A.D. 328. Co^opAon.—- ' Explicit Vita SanctaB HelcnsE^ Reginae.'* 
Incipit de translatione ejasdem. 
Incip. TransL — ^< Quidam sacerdos Bemensis." 
£xpl. Transl—'' Accepit." 



Montfaucon, in his ^^Bibliotheca," mentions the following 
MSS. of the Life of the Empress Helena : — 

89. Vita HelensB Imperatricis. 

MS. Fetavii m Yaticaoa. 

89a. Vita et gesta SS., et gloriosorum, et pietatis aman* 
tium, Magnorum Imperaiorum Constantini et Helenae, 
et manifestatio venerabilis et vivificse Crucis D, N. J. C. 

MS. BibL Lanrentia Medicea. 

90. VitsB Sancti Constantini et Helense, de Inventione 

Sanctee Crucis. 

MS* BibL Ambrosiana MediolanensiB. 

91. Yitse Constantini Magni et Helenae, per anonymum. 

MS. BodL 355.* 

92. Yitse Constantini Magni et Helense. 

MS. BibL Sfortiana. 

93. Yitae Constantini Magni et Helense Matris ejus. 

MS. BibL Reg. Pariflienais. 

94. Constantini Magni et Helense Matris Acta. 

In foL Gnec. BibL Reg. Tanrinensia. 



AD. 369. A.D. 369. 

95. De Sancto Andrea. 

MS. Lord Goaford. OUm S. John. foL med. dble. coL xii. or ziiL cent. 

Ruhr, — "Qualiter accident quod mcmorla Sancti Andre® 
'^ Apostoli amplius in Scotia sit quam in csetcris regionibus.** 



• Thia la probably the same MS. aa that referred to in the ** Cata]. MSS. 
<« AngL et Hibern.** p. 163. aa being among the Selden MSS. in the Bod- 
leian, No. B. 53. The piece ia in Greek. 



TO THE EAKIiY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 37 

Ineip^ — ^'Andreas qui interpretatur secundum Hebrseam A.D.369. 
" Ethjmolc^iam * decorus.' " 
ExpL — " Quorum corpora hie requiescunt." 
The relics of S. Andrew were translated from Fatras to 
Constantinople bj the Emperor Constantius in the 24th year 
of his Reign> and were brought thence into Scotland bj 
Begolus, in the time of Hurgust, son of Fergus, about the year 



96* Narratio qualiter aociderit quod memoria Sancti 
Andrese Apostoli amplius in regione Pictorum, quss 
nunc Scotia didtur, quam in cseteris regionibus sit; 
et quomodo contigerit quod tantas abbatise ibi factss 
antiquitus fuerint, quas multi adhuc sadculares viri jure 
hsereditario possidenit 

MS. BibL da Roi. 41S6. olim Colbert Tell. xir. cent 



A.D. 369 (i) A.D. 369 

97. Vita S. Eebiiy Menevensis Episcopi 

Ma Cott Yespas. A xiy., ff. S3-S5, et C 91 b-93 b. Veil 4to. xii cent 

Two Lives — the one at ff, 83-85. — Ineip, — " Sanctus 
** Kepios unus fuit ex bonis servis ccelestis Fatris.** 

EzpL — ^' Rogamus Dominum omnipotentem, ut mereamur 
*^ possidere illam beatitudinem per intercessionem beati Kebii 
^ in ssecula sasculorum. Amen." 

The other at if. 91 b-93 b. — Incip. — '' Igitur beatus 
** Eebius unus ex bonis servis Uranici Fatris ex regione 
" Comubiorum.'' 

Eapl, — ** ubi Deus erit omnia in omnibus, rictus, Testis, et 
*' caetera, quffi velle potest mens pia ; qui yivit et regnat per 
** omnia sscula ssBculorum. Amen." 

**'Hcgiu tempore regnationiB qtuedam reliquice Sancti AndrefiB per 
** Beatom Begalam in Scotiam sunt allats et in Eilrimouth Tenerabiliter 
*« collocatie." (Fordan. Edit Qoodall, i. 94. 96. 187.) 

t William of Mabnesbary wrote ** De Miraculis B. Andres " (MS. Cott 
Nero £. i. 4.) It seems to be abridged from a very prolix work. It also 
occurred in MS. Cott Nero, D. iii. £ 15, which was nearly destroyed by 
fire. Another copy is among the Anmdel MSS. No. S22. 



88 DESCBIPTIVE CATALOGUE OP MANUSCBIPTS BELATING 

A.D. 369 The two copies of the Life in this volume vary so much 
('')« in language that they might almost be called different works. 

That beginning "Igitur beatus Kebius'' (fol. 91 b) seems to be 
an abridgment of the one commenciDg, *^ Sanctus Kepius unus 
** fuit " (f. 83). Though the matter is exactly the same, and 
often given in the same words, yet the verbal variations of 
phrase are so considerable as to be hardly capable of collation. 
There are, however, but few variations which are not merely 
verbal. The two Lives are written in different hands, although 
of the same period. 

The Life is abridged in Capgravo (ff. 203 b.-204 b.), by 
whom almost all names of persons and places are omitted. 

Usher (Brit. Eccl. Antiq. pp. 49, 411) had seen only Tin- 
mouth's Life of Kebi.* 

Kebi was the son of Solomon, a C3ornish noble, born between 
the Tamar and Limar. He begins to study at seven years 
old, and pursues his studies during twenty years ; then goes 
to Jerusalem, and afterwards to Hilary, bishop of Poitiersf , by 
whom he is consecrated bishop ; he then returns to Cornwall, 
and is invited to accept the crown, but refuses ; after which 
he settles in the territory of King Ethelcc. • Punishment falls 
upon the king for proposing to expel him. He goes to Ire- 
land ; is molested by an Lish noble ; sails away in a boat ; 
Mailgun, king of Yenedotia, grants him a tract of land en- 
c6mpas8ed by the track of a hind chased by a dog ; and he 
finally dies at a good old age. 



98* Be Sancto Eebio Episcopo et Confessors. 

MS. Cott. Tiber. B. I C 277 b.-278. 

Incip, — " Sanctus enim Kebius de gente Cornubiensium." 
JSapL — " sexto Idus Novembris migravit ad Dominum." 
The MS. in which tliis Life occurs has been already de- 
scribed under No. 35. Capgrave has printed this piece in 
his « Nova Legenda Angliae," ff. 203 b-204 b. 



^ Tet there is a Lift of Kebi described in the *< Catal. MSS. Angl. et 
« Hibem." as being in Trinity CoUege, Dublin (No. 193). 

t This indiyidoai died about the year 368, and yet he is made contem- 
porary with Mailgun, king of Yenedotia, who died in 547. The only way 
of reconciling this discrepancy is by supposing a confusion of different 
persons of the same name. 



TO THE EARLY HISTOEY OF GBEAT BBITAIN. 39 



99. Vita S. Kebii. ^P- 86» 

MS. Bodl. Tanner. 15. veil fol. xv. cent 

Incip. — '^ Sanctos enim Kebius de genie Cornubiensium." 
£3epL — " Sexto idus Novembris migravit ad Dominum," 
Similar to Capgrave's text. See No. 38. 



A.D. 411. A.D.4U. 

100. Acta S. Melioris sive Melori 

MS. Cott Tiber. E. I fF. 245-246. 

Incip,"^^^ Dum in exordio Cbriatianse fidei." 

ExpL'^** Coelestia cum corona martjrii penetravit Kalendis 
** OctobriB." 

This is printed in the ** Acta Sanctorum,** 1. 136 (1 Jan.), 
from Capgrave's " Nova Legenda." The editors of that work 
collated Capgrave with the MS. Rubiasvallis, and they found 
only two verbal variations. A supplementary Note occurs at 
p. 1089 in the same volume, among the additions which form 
the Supplement to January 3. 

The MS. in which this article occurs was nearly destroyed 
in the conflagration of the Cottonian Library in 1731, but has 
since been repaired and partially restored. See No. 35. 

Melorus, the son of Melian, Duke of Cornwall, was one of 
the first converts to Christianity in Britain. While he was a 
child, his hand and foot were cut off by Beinold, his usurping 
uncle, and the place of them supplied by a silver hand and a 
brazen foot. He was eventually beheaded, and his body was 
drawn by wild bulls to its place of interment 

In the English Martyrology it is stated that his body was 
first buried in the year 41 1, in an old church in Cornwall ; but 
was afterwards translated to Ambresbury, where his relics 
were kept until the destruction of that monastery. Hia com- 
memoration day was on the 1st of October. 



40 DESCBIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF BtAJNUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 411. 101. Vita S. Melori. 

MS. BodL Tanner 1 5. t 413. yelL foL dble. cols. xr. cent 

Incip, — <* Dam in exordio Christianse Fidei.*' 
ExpL — ** Maguntinus Episcopus eidem ministravit" 
The same text as that in Capgrave's ^^ Nova Legenda 
« AnglitB." See No. 38. \ 



102. De Sancto Meloro. 

MS. Reg. 8 C. Til 20. t 162. veU. 4to. xiii. or xiy. cent. 

Incip. — " Melorus filius Duels Comubrae." 
£xpL — " et decollavit eum/' 



103. Vita S. Melori pueri et Martyris in Anglia. 

Mentioned in Montfaucon's <^ Bibliotheca,'* ii. 1136, as being 
among the MSS. in Bibl. Sanct. Germanensis. 



AJD. 430. A.D. 430.* 

104. Vita S. Dubricii Archiepiscopi urbis Legionum. 

MS. Oott VespftS. A. xit. ff. 57b-60. veil 8va xii. cent 

Ruhr, — " Incipit Vita Sancti Dubricii Archiepiscopi urbis 

" Legionum.'' 
Incip. — ** Quidam rex Ertychi regionis, Pepiau nomine." 
^a;j9/.^'' Omnibus auxiliantibus ad inceptum opus valete.'' 
Excepting a few verbal variations, the same text is printed 

in the "Liber Landavensis,'' p. 75. Edit. Llandoverj, 1840.f 
Pepiau, Prince of Ertici, having discovered that his daughter 

is pregnant, orders her to be put to death; but she is 

miraculously preserved, and delivered of Dubric. He very 



* The date of the death of St Dubric Is uncertain ; it is placed in 512, 
in 622, and as late as 612. 
t In MS. Bodl. Tanner, 15. f. 297. are ** Lectiones de Vita S. Dabricil" 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 41 

early exhibits a fondness for learning, and his reputation for AJ). 43a 

knowledge in time becomes so great, that numbers flock to him 

for instruction, and among them Theliau, Samson, &c., whom 

he teaches during seven years ; at length, finding the fatigues 

of his charge too great for him, he resigns his see * and retires 

to an island called Enli, where he resides until his death. 

His remains are translated to Llandaff A.D. 1120. 

Some critical remarks upon the probable chronology of the 
Life of Dubricius may be seen in Alford's ** Annales,'' A.D. 436, 
8S. 2, 3, 4. 

This piecet seems to be a commemoration homily, and was 
probably abridged from an earlier composition. The author 
is unknown. Wharton conjectures him to have been Geoffrey 
of LlandafiT, who wrote the life of Theliau ; at all events, it 
was probably written soon after the translation of the relics 
of St. Dubric, A.D. 1 120, and before the publication of Geoffrey 
of Monmouth's History. Had it been later, it would hardly 
have omitted the distinguished part which is there assigned to 
Dubric, and of which Benedict of Gloucester (see No. 105) has 
fully availed himself. Here, however, there is not the slightest 
mention of Arthur. 

The writer's account of his materials is to the following 
effect : — '* Pauca miracnla quidem de multis scripto common- 
^ data sunt ; quippe cum fuerint aut ignibus hostium exusta 
'* aut ezilio civium classe longius deportata. Quod vero post- 
*^ modum investigatum est et adquisitum monimentis^ seniorum 
** et antiquissimis Uteris scrip turarum,§ quo loco sepultus est 
" infra sepulturam sanctorum virorum Enli, quove|| sit inde 
'* postea translatus, et a quo et qualiter, quovumque principum 
** tempera^ apostolicique imperatoris, archiepiscopi, inde ad 
*' Landaviam advectus, scripto memorisQ commendavimus." 



* He is said to have been consecrated BiBhop of Llandaff by^ GermanoB, 
and iras afterwards Archbishop of Caerleon ; which dignity he resigned 
to St David, and became a hermit in the island of Bardsey, vhere he died 
and was buried. All this is inconsistent with the date here assigned to 
him. Dngdale states that Dubric at first fixed his episcopal seat at War- 
wick. 

t It is preceded by an article entitled, '* Historiola de primo statu Lan* 
" davensis Ecclesisc,** printed in the ** Anglia Sacra," ii. 667. 

X ** Monuments.*'— Lib. Landav. 

§ " Scriptis literamm."— Lib. Landav. p. 80. 

I ** Quovc situ firmiter humatus est" — Lib. Landav. 



42 DESCBIPnVE OATAIiOGUE OF MANUSCBIPTS RELATING 



A.D. 430. 105. Vita S. Dubricii Archiepifloopi Urbis Legionum, 

auciore Benedicto monacho Claudiooestrensi. 

MS. Cott Vespas. A. ziy. £ 70-75. Tell. 8to, xiii. cent 

Subr. — " Incipit Prologus in Vitam Sancti Dubricii Archi- 
** episcopi." 
Incip, Proh — '* Sanctorum patrum conversationes et gesta." 
Expl. — '* Compilaro et coadunare stilo non enibui. Explicit 
« Prologus." 
Ruhr. — " Incipit Vita Sancti Dubricii Archiepiscopi." 
*^ Igitur quidam regulus Ertici rcgionis, Pepiau vocatus." 
Exph — ^' Opus, beneficia, et suppetias prasstantibus." 
Co/ojpAon.—** Explicit Vita Sancti Dubricii Arcbiepiscopi.** 
Tbis piece is printed from tbe Cottonian MS. in tbe '^ Anglia 
^' Sacra^" ii. 654, and in an abridged form in Capgraye's 
" Legenda Nova»" foL 87, with a short addition to the pre- 
vious narrative. 

In the Prologue, the author, Benedict of Gloucester,* pro- 
poses collecting from various sources the acts and miracles 
of St. Dubric. 

The life is apparently compounded of the Life of Dubric, in 
the Cottonian MS. Vespas. A. xiv. (No. 104), and the account 
given by Geoffrey of Monmouth. 

Chapters 1 and 2, portions of cc. 3 and 6, and all cc. 7, 1 1 
and 12, are nearly entirely taken from the older Life, but with 
some omissions of minute particulars, and probably the Pro- 
logue may have been adopted from the same source. The 
remainder is from Geoffrey and the ^^ Historiola de prime 
'' statu Landavensis Ecclesiss" (Angl. Sacr. ii. 667). 

The time and personal history of Benedict are altogether 
unknown ; but as the MS. seems to be of the 12th century, 
and he uses the work of Geoffrey of Monmouth, he may pro-' 
bably be assigned to the -latter half of that century. 



* The author thus names himself in the prologue : — '* Ego Benedictos 
" habitu ccenobii Apostoli Petri Claadiocestrise monachns adomatus." 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. iS 

106. De Sancto Dubricio Episcopo et Confessore. a.d. 480. 

MS. Cott. Tiber. B. i. ff. 279-280. veil large fol. 

Incip. •.— ^^ Anno aatem Domini centesimo quinquagesimo." 

ExpL — " se gratnlatus est junctum,'' 

This piece is contained in the '^ Sanctilogium of John of 
*' Tinmouth," already described under No. 35. Capgrave has 
inserted this Life in his ** Nova Legenda Anglise," from the text 
of Benedict of Gloucester. 



107. Vita S. Dubricii. 

MS. Bodl. Tanner, 15. ff. 146-149. veil. fol. dble. col. xv. cent 

Ruhr. — " De Sancto Dubricio Episcopo et Confessore." 

Incip, — '' Anno autem Domini centesimo quinquagesimo 
^* sexto LuciuSy Britannorum Bex, ad Eleutherium Papam 
*' legatos misit, scilicet Eluquum et Medunum." 

ExpL — <'Et quamdiu ossa ab episcopis erant lota, calor 
*' lactis aucta est, et sonus ferventis undo auditus.'* 

Apparently the same text as that of MS, Cott Tiber. E. i. 
f. 279 (No. 106), and Capgrave's " Nova Legenda Angliae j" 
for which see No. 38. 



108. Qusdam gesta de Rege Arthuro ; ubi non paucade 

S. Dubricio. 

MS. Cott Kero D. y. 3. ff. 393-395. veU.>l. ziii oent 

Incip. — " Reminiscens ut rex." 
ExpL — " pro amore illarum probiores.** 
Though King Arthur is the main subject, frequent mention 
is made of St. Dubricias. 



109. S. Dubricii Yita. 

MS. Coll. Jesu, Oxon. cxil. 1. p. 84-1 S6. paper foL icTil eetit 

Ad calcem, Itequisitio Urbani ep. Landav. ad Calixtum 
Papam U., cum cjusdem Calixti bullis de eadem eccl. dat 
1119. 



44 DESCBIPTXy£ CATALOGUE OF KANUSCRIPT9 RELATING 

AD. 43a. 110. Vita S. DubriciL 

Ma C.C.C. Cant 101. f. 310. 

A transcript made in the 16tli century from a MS. in tho 
possession of Sir Henry Sidney. 



AJ). 432. A.D. 432. 

111. Vita Niniani, Pictorum Australium Apostoli^ auc- 

tore Ailredo RievallensL* 

MS. Bodl Laud. Mice 668, (1052.) ff. 78 b-89. veil. 4to. xLL cent. 

Tncip. ProL—^*^ Multis yirorum sapientum, qui fuerant ante 
" nos, studio fuit." 

ExpL ProL — " Sanctis meritis ejus aetema coelestium bono- 
" rum remuneratio." 

Incip. Vita. — ^^ Gloriosam sanctissimi Niniani yitam Divina 
^* nobis commendat auctoritas." 

ExpL Vita. — " In quibus omnibus fides credentium ro- 
" boratur, ad laudem et gloriam Domini nostri Jesu Christi, 
" qui cum Patre et Spiritu Sancto vivit et regnat per omnia 
^* sascula sseculorum. Amen," 

Four chapters of miracles follow, beginning "Translate 
'' igitur ad superos Niniano/' and ending " quse adhuc nostris 
'* temporibus coruscare non desinunt, ad laudem," &c. 

A critical and historical commentary is printed in the " Acta 
" Sanctorum," v. 318 (16 Sept.), but the Life itself is not 
given.f Pinkerton (Vitae Sanctorum Scotise, pp. 1-23), how- 
ever, prints it ; and Usher (Brit. Eccl. Antiq., p. 347), gives 
an extract from " Vita Niniani quae apud Hibernos legitur." 



* For an account of Ailred of Hievaubc, see post 

t The editors knew only of Capgrave's Life of Ninian and the later Irish 
Life mentioned by Usher. They describe and analyze the copy, bat decline 
printing it, on accotmt of its apparent fabalons details. They also mention 
a Life of Ninian in ** MS. Babe® Vallis," and another in *< MS. Carthosise 
*• Goloniensis." 

The Irish Life was written long after Ninian*s death, by an aathor of little 
discretion, who wished to adjust the conduct of the Saint to the usages of 
his own time. (Baillet iv. vii.) 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRTTAIK. 45 

This Life is printed in Capgravc's '^ Nova Legenda Angliae." A.D. 432. 

Ninian is described as the son of a Pictish king on the 
borders of Scotland. He goes to Rome ; is ordained bishop 
by the Pope ; returns and founds a church at Whitheme ; 
converts the Picts ; dies and is buried at Whitheme. Miracles 
are performed by his relics. 

The author probably knew nothing beyond what Beda 
(Hist. Ecd. ui., iy.) has left about Ninian, but his narrative 
is vastly amplified by alleged miracles. 

Alcuin, in his Epistles, mentions an account of Ninian and 
bis miracles,* 



112. Yita Saneti Niniani, Episcopi et Confessoris, ab 
Ailredo BievaUense Abbate de Anglico in Latinum 
translato. 

MS. Cott Tiber. D. ill. ff. 186-192. yell. foL xiii. cent 

Bubr. — " Incipit Prologus in Vita Sanctl Ninian i Episcopi." 
Inc^. Prol. — '' Multis virorum sapientum, qui fuerunt ante 
*^ noSy studio fuit." 
Expl. ProL — **bonorum remuneratio." 
Ineip. Ffto.-«*< Gloriosam sanctissimi Niniani Yitam." 



* " YeneraixlsB dilectionis Aratribus in loco Deo aerrientibiu qui dicitnr 
" Candida Casa, Alchine diaconos salutem. Deprecor [etc.] memoriam 
*' interoedere — ^patria veatri Kynia episcopus — legebam. Qnaproperobnixna 
" deprecor nt aanetis orationibus yestria iUloa me precibua commendare 
** Btndeatis, qnatenna per ejosdem patria yeatri piisaimaa preoea et yeatne 
** caritatia aaaidoaa interoenionea peccatomm meonim yeniam, Domino 
Chriato miaerante, aocipere merear, et ad Sanctonun perrenire conaortia, 
qoi sfBcnli laborea fortiter yioenmt, et ad coronam perpetiuB landis perye- 
nerunt Direxi ad sanctl patria noatri N^niga corpus suum holoBericnra, 
<* ob memoriam noatri nomtnia nt illios atqne vestram piam merear inter- 
^ eeanonem habere semper. 

** Protegat atque regat Christi yoa dextera, firatrea. Deprecor yeatrsB 
" pietatif nnanimitatem, nt noatri nominia habcatia memoriam, et inter- 
" cedere pro mea panritate dignemini in ecclesia sanctiaaimi patris Ninise 
'* episcopi, qni mnltis clamit yirtntibos, sicnti mihi nnper delatnm est per 
**' carmina metricie artia, qnie nobis per fideles nostros discipolos Ebora- 
**■ cenaia eccleaife scholasticos directa sunt i in qnibus et fiicientis agnoyi 
^ emditionem et ^ns perficientis miracnla sanctitatem per ea qun ibi 
^ legebam." (Ma Cott. Yespaa. A. xiy. f. 1606.) 






46 DESOBIPnYE CATALOGUE OF MAKITSCRIFTS BKLATINQ 

A.D. 438. ExpL Ffte.— "et gloriam Domini nostri Jesu Christi, qui 
*^ cum Patre et Spiritu Sancto yivlt et regnat per omnia 
*' Sfecula BflBculorum. Amen." 

The MS. in which this piece occurs was considerably 
injured by fire, but it has recently been partially restored 
and repaired. 

There was formerly another MS. of this Life in MS. Cott. 
Tiber. F. iii., noticed in Smith's Catalogue of the Cottonian 
MSS., but it is now lost. 



113. De Sancto Niniano. 

MS. Cott Tiber. £. i. I 287 b. 



Incip, — ^* Sancti Niniani Confessoris sacra conversationis 
" primordia.** 

£xpL — " restituta est." 

The MS. in which this occurs, the '^Sanctilogium of John 
" of Tinmouth," has been already described under No. 35. 
Capgrave has abridged this piece in his ^'Nova Lcgenda 
Angli©," ff. 241—243. 



A.B.433. A.D. 433. 

114. Vita S. Carantoci Confeasoris. 

MS. Cott VeBpas. A. ziv. 4. ff. 90-91 b. yell 8to. xii. cent 

Incip. Exordium antiquius.'-^^' Q\xodam tempore fuit vir 
" nomine Keredic." 

Incip. Exordium posterius, — '^ Veneranda est hcec solem- 
" nitas." 

Incip. Vita. — '' Ab annis pueritiae habuit innocentiam." 

£xpl. Vita. — '^ saepe fiebat pro blasphemantibus, qui manet 
^' sine macula, cum gaudio et gloria, inter Angelorum agmina 
^' in Sfficula sseculorum. Amen." 

Printed in the "Acta Sanctorum" (16 May), iii. 585, from 
MS. Cott. Yespas. A. xiv., though in a different form, through 
a transcript of it, communicated by Dugdale. The Editors 
style it '' Vita multsB fabulositatis suspecta." They admit the 
chronological difficulties which surround this biography, but 



TO THE EABLT HISTOBT OF OR£AT BEITAIN. 47 

are of opinion that Carantoc accompanied St Patrick into A.D. 433. 
Ireland,* A.D. 445. 

The author states that Carantoc's genealogy may be carried 
as high as the Virgin Mary, which is as high as any British 
king can ascend. Carantoc retires in his youth to a cavem 
for the purpose of study, follows Patrick to Ireland, and there 
they separate, one going to the right and the other to the left 
to preach to the people. The Scots invade Britain. Carantoc 
(whom the Irish call Cemath)t returns to his cavern in Car- 
diganshire. At this time ArUiur and Cathon reign in Wales. 
Carantoc again goes into Ireland, to avoid being chosen king, 
where he dies. 



115. De Sancto Carantooo Confessore. 

MS. Cott. Tiber. E. L ffl 134—135. 

Incip,'^^^ Rex quidam nomine Keredicus.*' 

ExpL — "vocata est Chemat." 
. The MS. in which this occurs (the '* Sanctilogium of John 
" Tinmouth "), has been already described under No. 35. The 
piece is in Capgrave's <^ Nova Legenda Anglise," f. 76. 

This Life appears to be abridged from MS. Cott. Yespas. 
A.xiv. (No. 114). 



A.D, 448. A.D. 448. 

116. Vita S. German! Autiasiodorensis auctore Constantio. 

£x MS. Chifletiano, 

Incip. Epist — " Domino beatissimo.*' 
Incip. Pro/.— ••Plerique ad scribendum." 
Incip. ^" Igitur Germanus Autissiodorensis." 



♦ There is a Life of Carantoc mentioDed in the Catal. AngL et Hibern. 
(No. 193.) as being in Trinity College, DubUn, No. 53. 

t His aUeged works are read in Ireland, it is said, with as much reverence 
as those of St. Peter and Paul at Borne. 



48 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOaUB OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.I). 44B, ExpU — '' Ubi innumerabilibuB virtutibus pollens summa 
" ozcolitur gloria."* 

Printed in the "Acta Sanctorum," 31July (vii. 201) «ex 
'^ MS. Chiffletiano cum aliis multis collato/' 

Lib. i. cc. y. vi. — Germanus comes to Britain and obtains a 
victory over the " Pelagianistas ot Saxones," spiritual and 
temporal enemies, by the shout of " Alleluia." He visits St. 
Alban's. 

Xt^.'ii. c. i. — He returns to Britain with Sevenis. 

There is very little in the piece relating to Britain, and 
the incidents there mentioned are nearly the same as those 
found in Beda's Ecclesiastical History.^ 

* Some MSS. after the -word "gloria" haTC " Explicit Vita S. Germani 

" EpiscopL*' 

"Epitaphium ejusdem : — 

'* Eulgida fulgentem GermaDum sidera captant 

Florida florentem Germanttm millia plaudant. 

Coelica coelestem Geimanum carmina cantant. 

Splendida splcndentem Germanum gaadia pangunt" 

These lines, however, are not supposed to be the composition of Con- 

stantius, " qaem inter excellentes poetas recenset S. Sidonius Apollinaris." 

f The following small contribution to our scanty knowledge of the liturgy 

of the early British Church is taken from an unique MS. in the Bodleian 

Library at Oxford (No. 572, fol. L) It is curious also as containing a 

reference to Vortigem. 

Missa propria Germani Episcopi, 

** Deus, qui funulantibns tibi mentis et corporis subsidia misericorditer 
" largiris, preesta, qutesumns^ ut hi qui pro amore supemn patriae ardenter 
" coBlestia prsemia per fidem, spem, caritatemque adipisci cupiunt, inter- 
*' cedente beato Archimandrita, Confessore tuo Germano, ab omnibus in- 
** iquitatibus liberentur, per Dominum. 

Itenif alia, 

** Fropidare, Domine Deus, omni popnlo Christiano et diversis partibus 
" linguanun convenienti in unum, ut hi qui locum prsDclanim atque notum 
'* ubique Lannaledensem ubi reliquiss Germani Episcopi condnntur, quanto 
** ardentius tanto citius yisitare cupiunt, ab omnibus infinnitatibos animsQ 
<* et corporis lideliter liberentur, per [Dominum] 

Secreta, 

^ Concede nobis, Omnipotens et misericors Deus, ut hsec n . . . . salutii- 
** fera oblatio. £t intercedente beato Germano, Confessore tuo atque Episcopo, 
'* a nostris reatibus liberet, et a cunctis tueatur adyersitatibus per Dominum. 

" D et. seteme Deus, & te laudare mirabilem Dominum in Sanctis tuis 
** quosante constitutioncm mundi in oetemam tibi gloriam prsparasti ut per 
** eos hnic mnndo yirtntis tus lumen ostenderes, de quorum collegio iste 



TO THE EABTiY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 49 

St Gcrmanus was bom about the year 378 at Auxerre, of A.D. 448. 
which city he eventually became bishop, A.D. 418. He was 
aent into Britain by Pope Ccelestinus, in the winter of the year 
429, to repress the Pelagian heresy, and was accompanied hi- 
ther by Lupus bishop of Treves * or Troyes.^ He was sent 
into Britain a second time, in 447, together with Severus, 
archbishop of Treves,:^ to assist the church against the Pela- 
gian heresy, which was again prevalent there. During this 
visit he ordained Iltut a priest in South Wales, and Dubric, 
Archbishop of Llandaff. He died at Ravenna 31st July 448. 

His Life was written (about 40 years after his decease) by 
Constantius, a priest of Lyons, who was his contemporary, 
and well acquainted with him, but nothing further is known 
of this author. Sec Cave's ^' Historia Literaria," ad an. 440, 
and the " Histoire Litt^raire de la France,'' ii. 543-548. The 
piece was versified by Heiricus about the year 876. See No. 119. 



117. Vita S. Germani, Autissiodorensis Episcopi, auctore 

Constantio. 

MS. Bodl. Laud. Misc. 722. (1174.) ff. U17. paper, sra. 4to. 
i?tt^.— "Incipit Pnrfatio Constantii Presbyteri in Vita 
" Sanctl Germani Autissiodorensis Episcopi." 



" Germanos episcopus a Sancto Gregorio Boxnanfe urbiB ApoBtolico ad nos 
** mifisns, lacema et columna ComnbisB et pra$co yeritatis effulsit, qui in 
" Lannaledeiuis ecclesis tuae prato slcut rosae et lilia floruit, et tenebras 
« infidelitatis qiue obcsecabant corda et sensus nostris detersit. Propterea 
** sappliciter atqae lacrimabiliter deprecamur totis viribus clementiam tuain, 
*' at licet meritls non exigentibiis misereri tamen noatii semper digneris. 
'* Qaia priscis temporibus legimns te irasci magis quam miaereri propter 
^ Tesaiuaitt dementiamque impii et cnxdelis regis Guorthemi : idcirco pe- 
** timiis, obrecramus, deprecamur in his nltimis diebus indulgentiam pietatis 
^ tme, at per te veniam peccatorum nostrorum mereamur accipere, et post 
" finem hajos secuH, te interpellante, cum Deo et Sanctis ejus immaculati 
** conregnare poesimos, et ideo. 

" Postcommunio, 

** Sumptis, Domine, sacramentis in honorc sancti Confessoristni, Germani 
" Episcopi, cujus venerandam hodie celebramus festivitatem, nos clementer 
« exaodi, taam misericordiam obsecrantes, at ab hoc " 

Ends at the bottom of the leaf. 

* See " Gallia Christiana,'* xiii. 378. 

t " Gallia Christiana," xiL 486. 

X A satisfactory sketch of his life, founded npon the preyious labours of 
the BoUandists, Pagi, TQlemont, and others, is in the *' GaUia Christiana,'* 
xil. 262. Edit. 1770, Paris. 

VOL. I. D 



50 DESCBIFTIVE CATALOGUE OF UANUSCRIPrS RELATINa 

AJ>. 448. Then follows the Preface ; after which ^ 

*' Incipit Liber Primus de Yita^" &c. 

Inctp. — ** Igitur Qermantts Autissiodorensis oppidi indigena 
" fuit." 

£xpL — ^' Et ideo in scribendo succinctum magis me arbi- 
^* tror fuisse quam nimium." 

Then follows an account of his burial and miracles. 

There are some things in this MS. which are not in Surius* 
<< Acta Sanctorum ** (31 July), vii. 436, et seq. 



118. Vita S. Qermani Autissiodorensis Episcopi, a Con- 
stantio Episcopo, et ab eodem ad Censorium Epi- 
Bcopum directa. 

MS. YaUioeUan. in BibL YaticaD. torn. xxii. fol. ix. cent 

There are several variations between the text in this MS. 
and that printed in the *^ Acta Sanctorum/' consisting of ad- 
ditions, transpositions, and omissions. 



118 a. Vita S. Germani, auctore Constantio. 

MS. BodL 793 (2641.) ff. 1-8S. veU. long 8vo. xiL cent 

Ruhr, — "Epistola Constantii Presbyteri ad Sanctum 
" Patientem Lugdunensem Episcopum, de Vita Sancti Ger- 
" mani Episcopi et Confessoris." 

Incip. Epist — '' Domino beatissimo Apostolico et mihi in 
" setemum patrono." 

Bubr. — ^'Item ejusdem ad Sanctum Censurium Autissi- 
" dorensem Episcopum." 

Incip. Vita. (f. 2.) — "Tgitur Germanus Autissidorensis op- 
" pidi indigena fuit." 

Expl. Vita, — " Valeat elucidari." 



119. VitaS. Germani, auctore Errico nionacho Autissio- 

dorensi. 

MS. BodL 793, (2641.) ff. 86-109. yell, long 8vo. xii. cent 

Jncip, Epist — '' Immortalibus sceptris preedestinato, re- 
<< gumque omnium prsecellentissimo Carolo." 

Expl. Epist. — " Triumphator perpetue ac semper Auguste.** 



TO THE EABLT HISTOBT OF OBEAT BBITAIK, 51 

Incip, Auct Invocai, — *^ JEternum specimen, decusque A.D. 448. 

" rerum." 

Incip, Vita — ^' Celtica qua medios expergit Gallia campos," 

ExpL Viia.—^** Vivit, et aetemis attollit smecula signia.** 

Incip. Epilog. — ^' Nunc tibi, nunc meritos, Jesu, sacramus 
" honores." 

ExpL Epilog — ** Germanus poscit non fas spreyisse pre* 

" cantem."* 

This is printed in the "Acta Sanctorum" (31 July), 
vii. 221-225, founded on two MSS*. ; one of the Abbey of 
Laubes, the other bought by Heschenius at Lyons, and of the 
9th or 10th century. This and the next article have been re- 
printed by the Abb6 Migne, ** Patrologite Cursus Completus.'' 
cxxiv. 1131/ 

It is a versification of the Life of St. Germanus by Con- 
stantius, and was completed after the year 873. 

The only incident relating to Britain is the story of St. Ger- 
manus and the herdsman (slightly altered from Nennius), on 
the authority of Marcus Anachorita, formerly a British bishop 
who retired to France about the middle of the ninth century. 

Herrictts was born about the year 834, and died about 883. 
lie commenced this work during the lifetime of Lothaire 
(Acta Sanct. vii. 223). For an account of the Life of this 
author and a criticism of his work, see "Hist. Lit. de la 
« France,'* v. 535—543. 



120. Miracula S, Germani Autissiodorensis a Constantio 
prsetermissa, auctore Heirico : libri duo. 

Incip. Prol. Mirac. — *' Vitam et miracula Apostolic8B me- 
** morisB.*' 

Incip. Mirac, — " Itinera Sancti viri." 

ExpL Mirac. — "Atque ab omnifaria prassentium futuro- 
*^ rumque discriminum immanitate defendant.** 

This account of the miracles was written shortly after the 
death of Lothaire (Acta Sanctorum, vii. 265, 31 July), t.e., 
about the year 866 or 867, and relates to events, some of 

which happened in England. 

- 

* Th« printed text has these two lines added : — 

" Hanc heedam niveos quamprlmum transfer in agnos : 
" Agnos eat dexter, decoretur vellere pulchro.'* 

D 2 



52 DjgscRiFnvB catalogue of manuscriptb relating 

A.T>. 448. 121. Sermo ejasdem Heirici^ in solemnitate S. Qermani 

recitandu& 

Ineip, — ^' BecolitiB (dilectissimi) diem pnblicia ecclesiae 
** gaudiis dedicatum." 

£xpL — *^ et doiDinatur in omni genie^ loco et tempore, et 
** per infinita saecula sasculorum. Amen." 

Printed in the "Acta Sanctorum," vii. 284 (31 July). 
This Sermon, in the Lyons MS., precedes the Life and Miracles. 
The Sermon is followed in the " Acta Sanctorum " by three 
appendices of Miracles. L, to Hciric*8 2nd book of Miracles 
from MS. Chifflet, by an anonymous author. 11., a collec- 
tion of Miracles coUected from various authors. III., the 
Miracles of the "Monk of Selby in England," more fully 
noticed below. 



122. Miracula S. (jermani, auctore monacho Selebiensi. 

Printed in the "Acta Sanctorum," vii. 290, 31 July, from 
Labbe, Bibl. 1, 594. 

Jncip. ProL — " Dilectionis tuae precibus infinitis." 

Incip. Mirac. — " Prima quidem lectione." 

Expl, — " et prosequente studium nostrum gratia Dei, qui 
" vivit et regnat trinus et unus, per omnia ssccula sceculorum. 
« Amen." 

An account of miracles performed by one of the fingers of 
St. Germanus, which was brought to Selby. This piece was 
written about the year 1174. 



123. Vita S. Gennani Episcopi. 

MS. Gott Nero E. 1.140. ff. 41 1-414 b. veil. foL zl. cent 

This piece occurs in the volumes entitled " Vitae et Pas- 
siones Sanctorum." 

Being defective, begins abruptly. — " Eam quam prius vide- 
" ram lucem ablatam." 

ExpL — "Benedictione suscepit." 

Colophon, — " Explicit Vita Sancti Germani Episcopi." 



TO THE EAJRLY HISTORT OF GREAT BRITAIN. 63 

124. Seint Jerman, the holy Bisschop. A.D.448 

MS. BodL 779. t 240 b. paper, large 4to. 

Incip. — ^ Semi Jerman, the holj man, in Anticiodence was 
" ybore.** 

Ea^L^^^* ThAi he hrmge tts to the joye that he is in. 
^ Amen." 



125. Vita S. Germani Episcopi. 

MS. Cott. Tiber. D. iy. ff. 69—73 b. veil. foL xL cent 

Incip, — " Igitur Geimanus Autissiodorensis oppidi indigena 
" fait.'' 

ExpL — ** hie ponere disposuimus." 

The MS. in which thiis occurs was nearly destroyed hy fire, 
bnt it has been partially restored and repaired ; indeed nothing 
16 lost of this article. 



125 a. Vita S. Germani Autissiodorensis Episcopi. 

MS. BodL 336 (2337), ff. 165. veil, folio dble. coIb. ziv. cent. 

/nctp.-^^'Germanus nobilissimus genere in urbe Altissidoro 
«* natus.** 
jBay/.— *< enarretur evenit.** 



126 6. Vita S. Germani Saxonio^. 

MS. C.C.C. Cant. 196. velL 4to. ix. cent. 
MS» Cott Jul. A. z. ff. 131 b-l82. veil. Svo. xi. cent 

Incip. — " See Germanas gej^ylennys tJaes (halgan) biscopesJ 



126. Vita S. Germani. 

MS. PhiUipps, 3686. fo;io ydl. xiil cent ex blbl. M. Allard. 



127. Vita S. Germani Autissiodorensis Episcopi. 

M&. Bibl. da Rol. 5270. 4. olim MS. Bethune. reU. ziil eent. 



54 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A-D. 448. 128. Vita S. Germani AutissiodorenBifl EpiacopL 

MS.BibLduRol 5276. 11. oUm Colbert, yell xiil cent 



129. Vita S. GermaDi Autissiodorensis Episoopi. 
MS. Bibl. du Rol 5278. 70, olim Colbert yelL xiil or xif. cent 



130. Vita S. Germani Autissiodorensis Episcopi. 

MS. Bibl. da BoL 5296. 63. olim Colbert veU. xiii. cent 



131. Vita S. Germani Autissiodorensis Episcopi ; auctore 

Constafttio, Presbytero. 

MS. BibL da BoL 5296 b. 80. olim Bigot yell, jjiiu t:ent 



1 32. Vita S. Gennani Autissiodoriensis Episcopi ; auctore 

Constantio, "^eccatore. 

MS. BibL da Roi. 5306. 119. olim Colbert yelL xiy. cent 



133. Vita S. Germani Autissiodorensis Episcopi. 

MS. Bibl. da RoL 5308. 48. olim Colbert veil. xii. or zilLcent 



134, Vita S. Germani Autissiodorensis Episcopi. 

MS. BibL da RoL 5312. 43, olim Mazarin. yelL xiii. cent 



135. Vita S. Germani Autissiodorensis Episcopi; auctore 

Constantio, Presbytero. 

MS. Bibl. du RoL 5322. 76. veil, olim Colbert xiiL cent 



136. Vita S. Germani Autissiodorensis Episcopi; auctore 

Constantio, Presbytero. 

MS. Bibl. dtt RoL 5323. 94. olim Bigot vdL xiii. cent 



137. Vita S. Germani Autissiodorensis Episcopi ; auctore 

Constantio, Presbytero, 

MS. BibL du Roi. 5330. 5. olim Colbert yelL xiii. cent. 



J 38. Vita S Germani Autissiodorensis Episcopi j auctore 

Constantio. . 

MS. BibL du BoL 5324. 4. olim Puteanus. yelL xL cent 



TO THE EARLY HISfOBY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 00 

139. YitaS. Oermani Autissiodorensi^ ; auctore Con- A.D, 449. 

stantio, Presbytero. 

MS. Bibl. da Boi 5351. 9. olim S. Martialis Lemovicensis. yeU. id,, 

xiL, or ziiL cent 



140. Vita et Miracula S. Germani Autissiodorensis ; 

auctore Heyrico, Monacbo. 

MS. BibL dtt Bou 5351. 10. olim S. Martialis Lemovicensis. veil xi., 

xii, or xlii cent 



141. Vita S. Oermani Autissiodorensis ; auctore Con- 

stantio, Presbytero. 

MS. Bibl da Boi. 5360. 6. olim Mazarin. yell. xiv. cent. 



142. Vita et Miracula S. Germani Autissiodorensis. 

MS. Bibl. da Boi. 5365. 16. olim S. Martialis LemoTioensis. yell 

xiiorxiii cent 



143. Vita et Miracula Saucti Germani Autissiodorensis 
Episcopi ; auctore Herico, Monacbo. 

» 

MS. BibL da Boi. 5365. 17. olim S. Martialis Lemovicensis. yelL 

xii or xiii. cent 



144. Vita S. Germani Autissiodorensis. 

MS. Bibl. du BoL 5370. 4. olim Colbert yell. xiy. cent 



145. Fragmentum Vitaa S. Germani Autissiodorensis 
Episcopi, versibus bexametris. 

MS. BibL da Boi. Append. 6400. B. 2. yell x., xi., or xii. cent 



146. Constantii Presbyter! Vita S. Germani Autissiodo- 
rensis, cum ejusdem Constantii Epistola ad S. Cen- 
surium Autissiodorensem de Vita S. Germani. 

MS. Bibl. Chnstinffi Begins in Vaticana, 1304. 



147. Vita S. Germani Episcopi. 

MS. Vatican. 1195. 



56 DESCBIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCBIPTS BELATING 

A.D. 448. 148. S. Germani Episcopi Vita. 

MS. Vatican. 5696. 



14*9. Yita Qermaoi Episcopi Autissiodorensis. 

MS. BibL PetaTii in Vadcana 28. 
See Montfaucon, " Bibliotheca," i. 76. 



150. S. Qermani Autissiodorensis Episcopi Vita^ per 

Constantium, Presbyterum. 

MS. Bodl. 1174. Noticed in Montfaacon, <*BiblioUieca," i. 653. 

This is apparently MS. Bodl. Land. Misc. 722. (See No. 1 17.) 



151. S. Qermani Vita per (Constantium, Presbyterum. 

MS. BodL 2641. Montfaucon*8 ** Bibliotheca/' i 657. 
This is apparently the same as MS. Bodl. 793. (See No. 119.) 



152. Vita S. Qermani Episcopi Autissiodorensis^ me- 
trice, auctore Herico S. Germani ejusdem urbis Monacho ; 
cui open prsefigitur Epistola ejusdem Herici ad Carolum 
Calvum. Cum Epistola Aunarii Episcopi Autissiodorensis 
ad Stephanum, Presbyterum, et Stephani Responsione 
ad Aunarium. 

MS. Bibl. S. Germanensis. 633. ix. cent 



153. Vita Episcopi Qermani Autissiodorensis. 

MS. BibL S. Germanensis. 671 and 672. 
See Mont&ucon, *< Bibliotheca,** IL 1136. 



154. Yita S. Germani Autissiodorensis Episcopi. 

MS. Bibl. Gemeticensia. 
Incip, — ^'Igitur Germani Autissiodorensis." 



155. Vita Germani Episcopi Autissiodorensis. 

MS. Bibl. SS. Sergii et Bac<*lii. 
See Mont&ncon, *«Bibliotheca/' ii. 1218. 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 57 

156. Vita S. Qermani Episcopi Autissiodorenfis. A.D. ut 

MS. BibL S. Petri Carnotensis. 25. 3. vclL ziL cent 
MS. MoDtpellier. 1. veil. foL uL cent 



157. Vita S. Qermani Autissiodorensis Episcopi. 

M& BibL S. Gntiani Tnronensis. 
See Mont&ocon, *< Bibliotheca," ii. 1272. 



158. Excerpta ex Historia Ecclesiastica Bedae^ de S. Ger- 
mano Autdssiodorensi Episcopo, ejusque miraculis^ et de 
adveniu S. Augustini in Angliain. 

MS. Bibl. da Roi. 5348. 9. olim Colbert yell. ziii. cent 



159. Paflsio S. Germani EpiscopL 

Ma Bibl. du RoL 5075. 4. olim Le Tellier. veil. ziii. cent 



1 60. Passio S. Germani Autissiodorensis Episcopi, auctore 

Constantio, Presbytero. 

MS. Bibl. du Roi. 5322. 76. olim S. MartiaL Lemovic. veil. ziii. cent 
MS. Montpellier. 154. veil. fol. iz. cent 

161. Legenda in festo S. Germani Autissiodorensis 

EpiscopL 

MS. Bibl da Roi 3278. 53. veil, olim Colbert ziy. cent 



162. S. Germani Autissiodorensis Vita. 

MS. Vienna. 



Brute to A.D. 449. Brote to 

A.D. 449. 

163. Pontic! Yirunnii Britannicse Historise Libri sex. 

The first edition of this work was printed in Svo. in 1634, 
at Augsburg. It was again printed in 1585 by Powel, with 
Giraldus Cambrensis, in 12ino. ; and bj Commeline in the 
" Rerum Britannicarum Scriptores Vetustiores," Heidelberg^ 
1587, folio. 



58 DESCBIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSOKIFfS BELATING 

A.D. 449. It ig an abridgment, with eome additioDe, of the first six 
Books of Geoffrey of Monmouth, and its historical value is 
conscquentlj nothing, the author writing more than one 
thousand years after the occurrences he narrates. lie executed 
this work for the distinguished Venetian family of Badaer, 
which had originallj sprung from Britain. (Cetc, *' Historia 
" Literaria," App. p. 213.) 

According to Commeline (Preface to " Rerum Britanni* 
" carum Scriptores") Ponticus Virunnius was a native of 
Treviso, and flourished in the time of Ludovico Sforza^ 
who usurped the Dukedom of Milan in the year 1476. 

He died in the year 1490. 

Besides the work above mentioned, he wrote Commentaries 
on Virgil, the Metamorphoses of Ovid, the AchiUeis of Statins, 
and Claudian. 



AD. 450. A.D. iSO. 

164. Vita S. Clitanci Regis et Martyiia 

MS. Cott Yespas. A. xiv. ff. 811i.-83. veil. 8to. xiL cent 

Incip, — ** Rex Clitanc filius Clitguni." 

ExpL — " ubi incepit." 

King Clitanc (son of Clitguin of South Wales), renowned 
for his justice, is murdered by his rivals, because the daughter 
of a certain nobleman has declared that she will marry 
none but him. He is buried, and a church is built over him 
at a place miraculously appointed for his sepulture. He is 
supposed to have lived after the foundation of the church of 
Llandaff, and the author of this Life seems to have had some 
connexion with that Sec. 



165. De Sancto Clitanco Rege et Martyro. 

MS. Cott Tiber. E. i. f. 271b. veil, folio. 

Jncip,^^^ Rex autem Clitancus, cum csset in regno sue." 

ExpL — " et sic miserabiliter vitam finivit.** 

This piece occurs in the ** Sanctilogium'' of John of Tinmouth, 
already described under No. ^5. 

It is printed in Capgrave's '^ Nova Legenda,^ f. lis., and 
from him in the ** Acta Sanctorum,'' 19 Aug., iii. 733. 



TO THE EABLY U18T0BT 0£* GJiEAT BUXTAIN. 59 

■ 166. Vita S. Clitanci Regis et Marty ria A.D. 450. 

MS. Bodl. Tanner, 15. f. l03. TelL fol. xt. cent 

Incip, — '^Rex autem Clitancus, cum esset in regno sao." 
ExpL — ^^ £t sic miserabiliter yitam finivit." 
Apparently the same text as that of MS. Cott. Tiber. E. i. 
(No. 165.) 



A.D. 460. A.D. 460. 

1 67. Acta S. Fingaris sive Guigneri, et eociia Martyribus 
in Britannia ad annum 460 \* auctore S. Ansehno, 
Archiepiflcopo Cantuarien&L 

MS. S. Victor. Paris. 975. I 68. 

Ineip, ProL'^*^ Poscis fideliter satis." 

Ineip. Viia.^^^* Gloriosus equidem priedicandus." 

Es^L Vita.^^** Misericordiam merear Bedemptoris Jesu 
'' Christi Domini nostri, qai cum Patre et Spiritu Sancto vivit 
^ et regnat per omnia saecula sfficulorum." 

Printed in the '^Acta Sanctorum/' 23rd March, iii. 456, 
from the above MS. It is also reprinted in Gerberon's edition 
of the works of St Anselm of Canterbury (fol. Paris 1721)| 
p. 508, apparently from the same MS. It has been lately 
reprinted by Migne. 

This piece is attributed to Anselm, archbishop of Canter* 
bury ; but erroneously. 

The author seems to have written it at the request of a 
member of St. Fingar's church ; at the beginning he states 
that hiB materials were brief notices which he possessed, and 
at the end that he wrote on the authority of the relators. The 
whole is undeserving of notice, being absurdly fabulous. 

Fingar or Guinger was the son of an Irish King, who 
incurred banishment and his father's displeasure by receiving 
St. Patrick with honour, and embracing the Christian faith. 
Having lived as an anchorite for some years in Armorica, he 



•* Referred to this date by Usher. The Bollandists place it ten years 
earlier. His martyrdom is referred to the year 455. 



60 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MAKUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 460. came to Cornwall with his followers, when Theodoric* was 
King there, and who shortly after ordered them all to be 
massacred. 



A.D. 479. A.D. 479. 

168. Vita Lupi Treoensis Episcopi ; auctore anonymo. 

There are two Lives of Lupus printed in the ''Acta Sanc- 
torum ;" j* one at tom. vii. 69 (29 July), the other at p. 72. 
The Life at p. 69 seems to have been the earlier work ; it has 
no date, but is said to be of great antiquity, probably written 
about the middle of the sixth century. It was taken <' ex 
** codice Valcellensi," collated with several other MSS. and 
with Surius's edition. It commences, ** Beatissimi et apostolici 
" viri,'* and ends, *' cui est gloria et potestas per omnia ssecula 
** saeculorum. Amen." The other ^ is an extensive amplifi- 
cation of Beda's narrative (lib. 1| c. H), which again is 
from Constantius' Life of' S. Germanus. It was derived *^ ex 
** MS. Ultr^ectino S. Martini," and collated with a MS. 
belonging to the Editors. It commences, " Sanctus Domini 
*' Ck>nfes8or Lupus," and ends, *' quo memor sis tc pie flagi- 
*^ tantium. Amen." Some of the MSS., however, end thus : 
** Quas expers temporis in unitate Trinitatis vivit et regnat 
** in sasculorum saaculis. Amen." 

The later biography is coi^jectured to have been written 
before the year 889, § because the author doej not notice the 
Translation of Lupus, which took place in that year. 

Lupus or Leu was born of noble parents at Toul, and for 
some short time devoted his talents to jurisprudence, but being 
inspired with an ardent desire to serve God, he separated 
from his wife by mutual consent, renounced the world, and 
became a member of the Abbey of Lerins. For his exemplary 
piety and charity he was chosen Bishop of Troyes in the year 
426. At an assembly of bishops, ho was sent, about the yeat 

■- - - - — ■ - - 

* He is supposed to be the same person as Coroticos, to vhom St Patrick 
addressed an epistle : see No. SIO. 
t The Editors style it ** Acta Antiqoa, auctore anonymo.*' 
% Called by the Editors, ** Acta Recentiora, aadtore anonymo.*' 
§ 890 in *• Gallia ChristiaDa." xiL 493. 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 61 

429> with Germanas of Auxerre into Britain to oppose the A.D. 479 
false teaching of Felagius. Having succeeded in crushing that 
heresy, he returned to his own diocese. He died in the year 
479, and was huried in the church of St. Martin in Areis. 

A satisfactory account of Lupus and his Biographers may he 
found in " Hist Lit. de la France," ii. 486 and v. 650. 



168 a. Vita S. Lupi. 

MS. Bodl. 336 (2337), £ 2l4b. veil, folio dble. coL xiv. cent 

Incip, — " Lupus apud Aurelianum ox gencre regali ortus/ 
£xpL^^** et annos Domini dc.x." 



1 69. Passio S. Lupi Trecassini Episcopi et Oonfessoria 

MS. Bihl. da Bol 5278. 68. olim Colbert, veil ziii. or xiv. cent. 



170. Vita S. Lupi Episcopi et Confessoris. 

MS. Bibl. da BoL 5283. 13. olim Colbert veU. xi. cent 



171. Vita Sancti Lupi Episcopi Trecensia 

MS. Bibl da Bol 5306. 118. olim Colbert veil. xiv. cent 



172. Vita S. Lupi Episcopi et Confessoris. 

Bibl da Bol 5308. 2. olim Colbert veil xil or xiil cent 



173. Vita S. Lupi Trecensis Episcopi. 

MS. Bibl da Bol 5323. 90. olim Bigot veil xiii. cent 
Imperfect at the beginning. 



174. Vita S. Lupi Episcopi et Confessoris. 

MS. Bibl da Bol 5333. 20. olim Mazarin. veil xiv. cent. 



176. Vita efc Miracula S. Lupi Episcopi et Coiifessoi*is. 

MS. Bibl da Bol 5353. 1. olim Colbert veil xiv. cent 



62 DESOKIPnVE CATALOOXTE OF HANX7SCBIPTS BELlTINa 

A.D. 479. 176. Vita S. Lupi Episoopi et ConfesBoris. 

MS. Bibl. du Boi. 5360. 19. ollm Mazarin. yell. zir. cent 



177. Vita S. Lupi Episcopi 

MS. Vatican. 1195. 



A.D. 456. ^^- *S6.* 

178. Acta Synodus S. Patridi, Aindlii, et Isemini in 

Hibeniia. 

MS. C. C. C. CaDt 279, 20. 
See Wilkins' "Concilia/* i. 2., and Spelman's " Concilia," i. 52. 



Anno incerto. 
179. Synodus alia S. Patricii, cujus annus baud liquet. 

See Wilkins' " Concilia,** i. 4., where it is quoted as " ex 
** Andcgavensi Bibliotheea ;" also Spelman's " Concilia.*' i. 52. 



180. Canonea S. Patricio ascripti. 

Printed in Wilkins' " Concilia." i. 6. "ex Opusculis S. Pa- 
" tricii per Jac. Waroaum, p. 39." — ^D'Acherj's " Spicilegium," 
torn. ix. " ex MSS. Corbiensi and S. Germ. Paris." — Mart, et 
Durand. " Anecd. Thesaur." iv. "ex MS. Bibl. Bigotianae." 
Reprinted by Mignc. 



A.D. 493. ^'^' *93. 

181. Hymnus S. Patricii Hibemiee Apostoli; S. Fieco 

Episcopo Sleptensi auctore, 

Incip. — " Natus est Patricias Nemturri." 

ExpL — "Felicibus natus est auspiciis." 

Printed in Colgan's "Acta Sanctorum Hibernioe," ii. 1-3, 
in the Irish character, with a Latin translation opposite. 

If this be really by Fiec, it is the oldest monument extant 
of St. Patrick. 

* This article, though out of chronological order, is placed here as it 
relates to the same class and person as In the next two articles. 

t The time of the death of St. Patrick is not known. Usher places it 
in 493, Tillemont in 455, and others in 464. 



TO THE EABLY HISTOBY OP QBEAT BRITAIN/ 68 

182. Vita S. Patricii, auctore Joscelino de Fumeslo. A,D. 493. 

Incip, Prol,-^" Plurimorum propositum erat et studium." 

Incip, VUa. — " Extitit vir quidam Calphurnius nomine." 

SrpL — " hiy usmodi scripta incendio deleta sunt."* 

This piece was first printed at Antwerp in 1514; bj Mea- 

singhaoi, in his " Florilegium ;*' in 1624, by Colgan, ii. 64. ;1[ 

and by the Bollandlsts in 1668 (<^ Acta Sanctorum," 17 March, 

ii, vf40-^80). See also the same work, 24 Aug. v. 741. col. 2, 

There is no Saint of whom more Lives have been written| or 

- - - ■ *■ 

* Colgan adds: ^'Decessit enim S. Fatricitis anno Incaroationis Dominica 
" coco, nonagerimo tertio, pontificante Felice Papa, primo anno imperii 
'* Anastasii Imperatoria, principantibua Aurelio Ambrosio in Britannia, 
** Forchemo in tota Hibemia, Jesu Christo monarchiam tenente in omnibas 
" et fnper omnia. Ipsi gloria, laus, honor, et imperium per infinita gsccula 
<« aaeculorom. Amen.** This is added as a note in the '* Acta Sanctorum.** 
t Colgan prints seven Lives, and various other pieces. 
% A large amonnt of information respecting St Patrick and the writers 
oT his Life has been collected by Archbishop Usher, in bis *' Antiq. Brit 
'* EccL" c. xviL p. 425, and by Henschenius in his Prolegomena to the 
Life of Patrick by Josceline, ''Acta Sanct" 11. 517 (March). See also 
"Opaseula S. Patricio adscripts, notis ad rem historioam antiqtiariam 
** speetanttbos, illnstrata opera et studio J. Wanei, 8vo. Lond. 1656." 
On this subject Colgan (Preface) writes : — *' Inter multos namqae qui 
** de virfutibus et gestis S. Patricii scripserunt, numerantur viginti ciroitcr 
Sanctorum albo adscripti, et ex his sex, nisi et septem, non solum ipsius 
Sancti PatriarchcD synchroni, sed et discipuli, qui ipsas res gestas oculis 
" conspexerunt, quorum sequentem elenchum, et tempus quo floruerint, 
'* paucis perstringo. S, Secundinua^ Episcopus Domnachensis et ipsius S. 
^ Patricii nepos ex sorore et in munere Primatis suffraganeus, anno 448 mor- 
tnns. S, Lomanus, ex sorore, nepos S. Patricii, et Episcopus Athrumensis, 
** circa annum 450, vel saltern ante an. 460, mortuus. S, Md, Episcopus 
Ardachadensis, cjusdem etiam ex alia sorore nepos, anno 488 mortuus. 
S. PairicivSf ex fratre nepos, qui paulo post mortem patris ac patrui sni 
anno 493 mortni, ejus acta scripsit S, Benigniu, S. Patricii discipulus, et 
in Archiepiscopatu Ardmachano successor, qui que proinde floruit anno 
'* 494. S, FiectUf Archiepiscopus Lagenie, qui de S. Patricii, paulo post 
ejus mortem, circa annum 500, laudibus et virtutibus patrii sermonis ryth- 
mnm scripsit S, Kienanus, Episcopus Damleigensis, qui anno 490 floruit. 
S, Etfinus, Abbas Bossensis, qui circa annum 550 floruit Hos septem 
sanctos scripsisse Acta S. Patricii et ungulos fuisse ^ns discipulos (si S. 
'* Evinum excipiam, quem non alio argumento, qnam temporis quo floruit, 
ratione inter ejus discipulos connumero) ac, etiam obiisse vel vixisse annis 
memoratis diversis testibus et rationibus ostendo iniVa, 216 et sequen- 
tibos. Tres vero priores S. Patricii tunc viventis (ut ex dictis patet), 
qnatuor vero posteriores paulo post ejus mortem Acta scripserunt, ut loco 
** citato ostendi. Alii posterioris sstatis Actorum S. Patricii scriptores : — S, 



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u 



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c« 
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4< 
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64 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 493. fables told than of St. Patrick, the Apostle of Ireland. The 
two principal ones* are, that by JoscelinCy written in the 12th 
century, and that attributed to Probus, who is said to have 
lived in the ninth century ; but they are both valueless for 
historical purposes, on account of their narratives being filled 
with alleged miracles and frivolous stories. 

Josceline, who flourished about the year 1185, was a monk 
of Furness,t and compiled this biography at the request of 
Thomas, Archbishop of Armagh, and othcrs.J It is a com- 
pilation from the legends relating to Patrick, current in Ireland. 
He quotes four Lives, written by the disciples of S. Patrick. 
He also wrote Lives of Bishop Kcntigern, St. Helena, the 
mother of Constantine, and David, King of Scotland. Tanner, 
on the authority of Stowe (Hist. Lond. 525), and Pits (884), 
states that Joscelino also wrote a " History of the Bishops of 
Britain (De Britonum Episcopis)." 



182 a. Vita S. Patricii. 

MS. Bodl. Bawl. B. 485 ff. l-46b§ yell. 4to. xiv. cent. 
Incip» — "Multis prspositum erat ot studio." 
Escpl. — ^< ipsi gloria, laus, et honor et imperium, per infinita 
" saeculorum saecula. Amen." 

Colophon, — " Explicit Vita sanctissimi patris Patricii. 



*' Culumba Abbas anno 576 obiit. S, VltanuSt Epigcopus Ardbrecanensis, 
*< anno 655 decessit S, Tireckanus, Episcopus, S. Yltani discipolas, floruit 
'* anno 650. S, Eleranus, cognomento Sapiens, anno 664 a1. 665 obiit. S. 
" Mochuatennua floruit anno 690 vel 700. S, Adamnanus, Abbas HIensis, 
*' obiit anno 703. S, Cdmanus, Huamacensis, Monachus ArdmacbanuSy 
*' obiit anno 720. S, Kieranus, Abbas de Belacbduin, obiit anno 770. 5^. 
*' HermiHus, Episcopus Clocharensis, S, Cordatns, Presbyter, qui sajcnlo 
** octavo yixerunt VenerabiRa Beda an. 730. B. Probus, circa annum 920. 
*' Jocdinut de Fumesio, Cambro-Britannus, Monachus Cestriensis, in Bri- 
" tannia, et postea Dunensis in Hibemia, floruit anno 1185 ; qui et Acta S. 
'* Patricii eleganter et accurate scripsit" See also Colgan, ii. 216-219. 

* William of Malmesbury is supposed to have written a life of St Patrick, 
in two books. Leland, *' Collectanea^'* iii 872, bas extracts from it, but no 
MS. of it bas occurred to the compiler of tbis Catalogue. 

f Colgan's authority for calling Josceline '* a monk of Chester and after- 
wards of Downe. in Ireland," has not been discoyered. 

X See '* Acta Sanctorum " Commentarius Pnevius, § 23, ii. 521. 

§ This Life is followed by part of another, imperfect at the beginning 
and end (ff. 47-74.) 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 65 

182 6. Vita S. Patridi. A.D. 493. 

MS. BodL tLswl. B. 505. ff. l-89b. veil. foL dble. cols. xIt. or zt. cent. 

Incip. imperf, — ^' . . . • et qui nunquam cognovit.'' 

ExpL — '* ipsi gloria, laus, et honor et imperium, per infinita 
** sseculorum sfecala. Amen." 

Colophon, — <^ Explicit vita sanctissimi patris Patricii, 
** cujaa mentis deleatar culpa descriptoris. Amen." 

These last-mentioned Lives (Nos. 1820, lS2b) appear to be 
by Joscelin of Fumess. 



183. Life of S. Patrick (Hibemio^).* 

MS. Egerton 93. veil, large 4to. dble. cols. zv. cent 

The first page of this MS. is almost entirely obliterated, but 
the commencement appears to be ^'populus qui sedebat in 
^^ tenebris vidit lucem magnam; et sedentibus in regione 
'' umbne, lux orta est ois." From fol. i. retro, to the end of 
the piece it is written in the Irish character and language. 

This is the tripartite Life of S. Patrick, which is published 
in Latin by Colgan, ii. 117-169, and attributed by him to St. 
E^inus. 

There is no other copy of this valuable tract known to exist 
in the original Irish language. Folios 2 and 6 have been 
abstracted, and the tract ends at folio 18. The portion of the 
MS. containing this tract was written in the year 1477. 

The Life is followed by the Hymn or Prayer of S. Patrick, 
as published by Dr. Petrie in the ** Transactions " of the Boyal 
Irish Academy. 



184. Vita Tripartita S. Patricii, auctore (ut videtur) 

S. Evino. 

Incip. Praf. — " Populus qui sedebat in tenebris." 

Incip, Vita, — ** De Britannis Alcluidensibus." 

ExpL Vita, — '^ continuo operatur miracula." 

Printed in Latin, by Colgan, ii. 117-169, and translated from 
three old Irish MSS., of one of which MS. Egerton 93 
(No. 183) is a transcript.* 

* There is a Catalogue of the Irish MBS. in the British Moseam, 
compiled by Eugene Curry, Esq., in 1849. 

VOL. I. £ 



66 DESOBIPnVE CATAL0QT7E OF MANUSCBIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 493. 185. A Life of St Patrick compiled from the older Lives 

of that Saint. (Hibemic^.) 

MS. Egerton 170. Paper. 4to. 
Profous and Joscelino are quoted at p. 94. 



186. S. Patrick's Hymn (Hibemic^. 

MS. Egerton 190. Paper. Small 4ta ztuL cent 
Similar to that in MS. Egerton 93. (No. 183.) 



187» Vita Sancti Patricii EpiscopL 

MS. Bibl. Pub. Cant Ff. 1 . 27. 21. veil. fol. zliL cent 

Incip, — " Patricius, qui vocatur." 

ExpL--^^^ Cui honor, et gloria^ et virtus, et potestas in secula 
** SflBCulorum. Amen." 

This appears to be the MS. referred to by Usher (Brit. 
EccL Antiq. c. xvii.). It has various readings in the margin. 
Capgrave apparently used this MS. for his " Nova Legenda." 

It is said to have been written by Probus,* though Pits 
(c. 299) ascribes it to Giraldus Cambrensis, probably being 
deceived by finding it in the volume containing the works of 
Giraldus Cambrensis. Wharton (Anglia Sacra, ii. xxiiL) 
remarks : '* De iUa (Vita) autem Giraldus in omnibus scrip- 
" torum suorum catalogis tacet" It has also been attributed 
to Beda (0pp. iii. 225-242, ed. 1612). 

This life is so full of fable that the Bollandists would not 
print it ; yet, strange as it may seem, Archbishop Usher 
thought it valuable. Tillemont (Hist. Eccl. xvi. 782) also 
condemned it. See Hist Lit. de la France, v. 209. The Bol- 
landists gave the preference to the Life of Patrick written 
by Josceline of Furnoss (No. 182 ), but it is not easy to de- 
termine the reason for their partiality. 

* Probufl iras a native of Ireland, bat, like many of his conntiymen, he 
wtded in Germany. He became an inmate of the Monastery of St Alban's 
at Mayence, and iras upon terms of intimacy with liupoa of Ferrierea, 
several of whose Epistles are addressed to Probos. The Annals of Folda 
(Pertz. 1. 373) give the date of his death (26 May, 859), but Colgan and Sir 
James Ware place it in the tenth century, Ware ; and Messingham in the 
eighth century. All that is known respecting him and his writings has been 
carefUly collected by the authors of the Hist Lit de la France, v. 209. 



TO THE EABLT HISTORY OF QB£AT BRITAIN. 67 

188. B. Patricii, Primi Praedicatoris et Episcopi totius A-D. 493. 
BritannisB, Vita et Actus ; auctore Probo. 

Inc^. — ** Sanctus PatriciaSi qui et Sochet vocabatur, Brito 
" fuit natione." 

ExpL — ^^ sit nobis in prsBmio aBtemum evasisse supplicium : 
^ pnnstante Domino nostro Jesu Christo, qui cum Patre et 
^* Spirita Sancto yivit Deus per omnia sascula saeculorum. 
« Amen-" 

Printed in Colgan's '^Acta Sanctorom Hibemiae," ii. 51-61. 



189. Vita S. Patricii, auctore (ut videtur) S. Elerano 

Sapiente. 

Ex. MS. MonaBt Alnensis. 

Incip, — ^^Qaidam Sanctum Patricium ex Judseis dicunt 

** originem duxisse." 

ExpL — " usque in bodiemum diem conferuntur." 
Colophon, — ''Explicit de vita, et conversatione, atque 

" miraculis sanctissimi Patricii, Ilibernensium Apostoli," (See 

No. 196.) 



190. Vita S. Patricii, auctore (ut videtur) S. Patricio 
juniore, aliove magni Patricii discipulo. 

Ex MS. Monast S. Haberti in Ardyenna. 

Incip. — '' Natus est igitnr in illo oppido Nemthor nomine." 
ExpL — " nollus tamen rex erit de semine tuo in asternum." 
Printed in Colgan's ''Acta Sanctorum Hiberniee/* ii. 11. 



191. Vita S. Patricii. 

Ex MS. Biburgensibiu in Bavaria. 

Incip, — ^" NUtus est igitur Patricius in illo oppido Nemtbor 
" nomine." 

ExpL — "in qua exultatione et beatitudine perfruitur in 
" praesentia Trinitatis, cui bonor et gloria in saecula sasculorum. 
" Amen." 

£ 2 



68 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF KANUSCRIPTS KELATINO 

A.n. 493. Printed in Colgan's '^ Acta Sanctoram Hibernise,*' ii. 21. 

The first eleven sections of this piece are nearly the same as 
those in No. 190. 



191 a. Vita S. Patridi 

MS. BodL Land. Misc. 315. (1055.) ft 100 b.— 103. yell. 4to. xiit. cent 
Incip.-^** Sanctus Patricius, genere Briceus." 



192. Life of Saint Patrick in verse, by Bobert of 

Gloucester. 

MS. Bodl. Tanner, 17. ff. 31-39. yell, 4to. zy. cent* 

MS. Ashmole 43. ff. 34-41b. yell 4to. Circa A.D. 1300. 

MS. BodL 779. ff. 10-17. paper, 4to. xy. cent 

MS. Bodl. Laud. Misc. 315, (1055.) ff. 100 b.— 103. yell. 4to. xiii. cent 

Incip, — " Seyn Patric com thoru Godes grace to preci in 
*' Irlonde.*' 



193. De S. Patricio. 

« 

MS. C.C.C. Cant 145. sm. fol. yell. xiy. cent 

/«cip.— " Seint Patrik com thoru Godes grace to prechi in 
" Monde." 

Expl. — ** Acwere for tormens and for wo, lif and soule for 
« lore." 

This is followed by the Purgatory. 

Ruhr, — " Hie intra! Owinus miles in Purgatorio.*' 
Incip. Purg, — ** Cortes sire guth this knizt, rede wat thu me 
« rede." 
Nearly the same work as No. 192^ above mentioned. 



194. De Sancto Patricio Episcopo et Confessore. 

MS. Cott Tiber. E. i. ff. 61. •65b. 

Incip."^** Beatus enim Patricius do genere Britonum ortus 
« est." 

* There is a Aill-length painting of St Patrick in this MS., fairly executed. 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 69 

ExpL — ^'relinqnes sine invidia communico/' A.D. 49S. 

In the '' Sanctilogium/' of John of Tinmouih (No. 35), 
alreadj mentioned. 

It is printed in Capgrave's '' Nova Legenda," ff. 259b-264b. 



195. Vita S. Patricii^ 200 capitibus comprehenBa. 

MS. Trin. CoH Cant B. 15. 26 yeU. Mo. zr. cent 



196. Yita Sancti Fatricii. 



MS. PhiUipps, 4705. yell, fotio. xil cent ex Bibl. Monasterii de Akuu 

(See No. 189.) 



197. Vita S. Patridi Episcopi. 

MS. BodL 285. (2430.) K 143-149. velL folio, dble. coL xiii. cent 

Buhr. — " Incipit vita Sancti Patricii Episcopi." 

Incip. — " Patricias, qui vocatur." 

ExpL — '' cui honor, et gloria, et virtus, et potestas, in saecula 
sa^culorum. Amen." 

Co/opAon.— "Explicit vita Sancti Patricii Episcopi." 

The same text as that of the MS. in the Public Library at 
Cambridge, Ff. 1. 27. See No. 187. 



198. St. Patrick's Life. 

MS. Lambeth 623. ft 13-15. veil. 4to. 



199. Beatha naomh Patttaic, or Life of S. Patric. 

MS. Stowe xxxiii. 4to. paper. Imperfect zviil cent 



200. Vie de S. Patrice. 

MS. Bibl. de la yiUe dc Charleville 3933. Paper, folie. 



70 DESCBIPTIVE CATiXOOUE OF MANUSCRIPTS BELATINO 

A-D. 4»3. 201. Vita S. Patricii. 

MS. BibL da BoL 1773. 19. olim Bethune. yelL ziiL cent 



202. Vita PatriciL 
MS. Bibl. Fetayii in Vatioana. 

203. QusBdam de Sancto Patricio. 

BibL Beginse Christine in Vaticana. 345 (964). 1282 (1694). 



204. De S. Patricio. 

MS. Bodl. 336 (2337). f. 78. yell folio, dble. coL xiv. cent 

Incip. — " Patricius^ qui circa annos Domini coepit cgc.lxxx." 
ExpL — " in Domino feliciter requiovit." 



205. De S. Patricio Legenda. 

MS. Montis Cassinensis 406. £ 1-3 yell, folio xy. cent. 

Incip. — ** Patricius, dum Scotorum regi de Christi Passione.'' 
ExpL — " Post 30 dies feliciter in Domino requiescit." 



206. Vita S. Patricii. 

MS. YalUceUan. H. 7. 



207. Anonytni Carmina quaedam Anepigrapba de S. 

Patricio, Calpumio, et Cellano. 

MS. Laorentianin Medicen ii. 812. cod. yi. 



208. Prophetia S. Patris Patricii de Dublinia. 

MS. Lambeth 523. ff. 1 1 7-1 1 7b. yell. 8yo. xiy . cent 



TO THE £ABIiY HISTORY OF GR£AT BRITAIN. 71 

209. S. Patricii Libellos. AJ). 493. 

MS. Moore Nonrio. Epis. 

Mentioned in Montfaucon's " Bibliotheca." This is pro- 
bably the same as No. 924, or MS. 55y in the Catalogue MSS. 
AnglisB et Hibernise. 

Some of Bishop Moore's MSS. are in the Public Library at 
Cambridge. 

210. Confessio Sancti Patricii. 

MS. Cott Nero E. i. ff. 167 h-172 b. yell. fol. xL cent 

MS. Bodl. Fell. 1. ff. 7-13. yelL foL zl. cent 

MS. fiodL Fell 8, ft 158-166. yell fol. zi cent 

/iic^.— **Ego Patricius peccator.*' 

ExpL — ** Atque h«c est confessio mea antequam moriar.*' 

Printed with St. Patrick's Life in the ''Acta Sanctorum" 
(March 17), ii. 533, and also by Messingham in his ** Morile- 
gium.' 

This pretended Confession of St Patrick seems borrowed 
from St Augustine, though Tillemont considered it to be 
genuine. St. Patrick is supposed to have written his Confession 
when he was old, as a testimony of his mission: 

The "Confessio'' in MSS. FelL 1 and 3, as also in the 
"Acta Sanctorum," is followed without any break, by St. 
Patrick's Epistle " ad Christianos Corotici tyranni subditos," 
commencing " Patricius peccator indoctus," and ending " et 
" sani efficiantur hie et in aetemum. Pax Patri et Filio et 
" Spiritui Sancto. Amen." 

Compare MS. Bodl., RawL, B. 505.--" Lives of Irish Saints," 
in Lish. See also CConor's Catalogue of Stowe MSS. and MS. 
Lansd. 95. 



211. Confessio S. Patricii. 

MS. S. Yedastii apod Atrebat 8, 16. yell folio. 
/ncfp,*-"Ego Patricius peccator." 



212. Legenda brevis de S. Patricio. 

MS. Anmdel. 330. f. 13 b. yell. Syo. dble. cols. xy« cent 

/nctp.-*" Sanctus Patricius, dum Sanctorum. 
JSapL — "quievit in pace." 
Very short, and of no value. 



72 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 493. 213. Frater Henricus Monachns de Salieria de Pur- 
gatorio, &c. Ad Dominum Henricum, Abbatem de 
Sarti& Yixit auctor temporibus Regis Sfcephani. 

MS.Cott.NeroA.viLf. 113-120. yelL 8to. xii. cent 

Ine^, iVo/.— "Patri suo in Christo pradoptato. Domino H. 
*' Abbati de Sartis, frater H. monachonun minimus." 

ExpL — '^In monasterio virginibus commendayit."* 

The History of St. Patrick's Pargatorj is printed for the 
greater part in Matthew Paris. 

The author, Henry de Salteria, by command of the Abbot, 
writes what he has previously related to him, as he had heard 
it told by others ; than which nothing, he believes, can be more 
effectual for repressing evil or encouraging good conduct : 
he alleges the example of St Gregory, and for his relation 
will give his authorities at the conclusion. 

This story, he says, was related to the author by Gilbert de 
Luda (who built the monastery of which Owen became cellarer), 
who had it from Owen himself. He was also assured of its 
truth by an Irish bishop, one of the companions of St. Malachi, 
who told several similar stories, and, among the rest, one of a 
hermit, against whom a daemon laid a plot by placing a female 
infant in his way. (See Capgrave, f. 331.) 

Henry, the author of this legend, was a monk of Saltrey, 
in Huntingdonshire, and seems to have lived about the middle 
of the 12th century. 



214. Henrici de Saltereia de Purgatorio S. Pafcricii Libei*. 

MS. Bibl. Reg. 13. B. viii., ff 100b-112b. veil sm. fol. dble. cols. xii. cent 

Rub. — " Incipit prsefatio de Purgatorio S. Patricii." 
Incip, Dedic* — '^ Patri suo in Christo praooptato, Domino H. 
*^ Abbati de Sartis, frater H. monachorum de Saltereia minimus." 
Incip. Purg,-^^^ Dicitur magnus Sanctus Patricius." 



* '* St Patrick's Purgatory '* has been printed in almost every language of 
Europe. Mr. Bradshaw, of the Public Library, Cambridge, Fellow of 
IKing*s College, has a valuable collection of scarce early printed books and 
tracts relating to Irish saints and St Patrick's Purgatory. For much 
curious matter relating to this subject, see Mr. Tumbuirs Introduction to 
the ** Visions of Tundall," Edinburgh, 1843. 



TO THE EARLY HISTOBY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 73 

ExpL — ^^me una yobiscum, post hujus mortis horrorem, A.D, 49d. 
** transferat in praefatam beatorum requiem Jesu Christus Dux 
'* et Dominus noster, cajus nomen gloriosum permanet et bene- 
" dictum in saecula saeculorum. Amen.** 

The same text as that of the MS. Pub. Lib. Camb. Ff. 1, 27, 
25. (No. 222.) 



216. Purgatorium S. Patricii. 

MS. Reg. 9. A. idy. K 247 b.>252 b. veil. 8yo. ziii. cent 

Incip. Prmf. — '^Patri suo in Christo praeoptato, Domino 

*' H. Abbati de Sartis^ frater H. monachus de Saltreia mi- 

* nimus." 
Indp* Pwrg, — ''Dicitur magnus Sanctus Patricius, qui a 

" primo est secundus.'' 

ExpL Purg, — ^' et a prsedictis poenis, ct ab aliis omnibus, me 
transferat vobiscum in beatorum requiem idem bcnignus 
Deus et Dominus noster Jesus Christus, cujus nomen bene- 
dictum et gloriosum permanet in specula saeculorum. Amen.** 
This is much fuller than MS. Harl. 103 (No. 219) ; it closely 

resembles MS. Reg. 8. C. xiv. next mentioned. 






216. Henrici de Saltereia Tractatus de Purgatorio 

S. Patricii. 

MS. Reg. 8. C. ziy. £ 1 b.-15 b. yelL 4to. xiiL cent 

/ndjp. Pri2f, — " Patri suo in Christo praeoptato. Domino H. 
'' Abbati do Sartis, frater H. monachorum de Salteria mi- 
" nimus." 

Incip. Purg, — " Dicitur magnus Sanctus Patricius, qui a 
" primo est secundus.^' 

Esqtl, Purg.^,^^^ et a praedictia poenis, et ab aliis omnibus, me 
'^ transferat vobiscum in beatorum requiem idem benignus 
'^ Deas et Dominus noster Jesus Christus, cujus nomen bene- 
'^ dictum et gloriosum permanet in sascula sseculorum. Amen." 

Nearly the same text as tliat of (No. 216), but fuller than 
MS. Harl. 103 (No. 219). 



74 DESCBIPnYE CATALOGUE OF MANITSGRIPTS BELATINQ 

A.I>. 493. 217. Nairatio cujusdam Monachi de Purgatorio S. 

Patricii, tempore Regis Stephani 

MS. Harl. 3776. £ 75 b.-82. yell, ■mall folio, xiy. cent. 

Inc^. Dedic*^~** Patri 8uo in Christo prseoptato, Domino H. 
'' Abbati de Sartis^ frater H. monachorum de Salteria 



<< nunimus." 



Incy). Purg, — '< Dicitur quod magnus Sanctus Patricius^ qui 
" primo et secundo." 
ExpL^^^^m monasterio commendavit." 
This is followed by the Vision of Tundal, as far as f. 92 b. 



218. De Purgatorio S. Patricii. 

MS. C.C.C. Cant. 275. ff. 35-45 b. small folio. yelL xv. cent 

Incip. — <^ Patri suo pra^optato in Christo, H. Abbati de 
" Sartis." 
ExpU-^**lxi monasterio commendavit." 



219. De Purgatorio S. Patricii. 

MS. HarL 103. ff. 129-134 b. veil 4to. xiii cent 

Ruhr, — " Hie incipit de Purgatorio Sancti Patricii." 
Incip. — ^Dicitur magnus Sanctus Fatricius, qui a prime est 

" secundus." 
ExpL — '^ Pro peccatis suis poenas se non perpessuros.'' 
Colophon. — '^ Explicit libellus, qui dicitur Purgatorium Beati 

" Patricii," 
Then follow in a later hand, at the bottom of the page^ the 

names of the Apostles. 



220. Tractatus H. Monachi de Saltereia de Purgatorio 
S. Patricii ; ad H. abbatem de Sartia 

MSi HarL 261. ff. 167 b-172. yelL folio, dble. cola. xiii. cent 

Incip. Dedic. — '' Patri suo in Christo prseoptato Domino H. 
" Abbati de Sartis> frater H. monachorum de Saltereifl 
** minimus." 



ro THE EABLY HISTOBY OF OBEAT JBBITAm. 75 

Incip. Purg.^^^* Dicitur ma^as Sanctus Patricius." AJ). 498. 

ExpL Purg. — '^In monasterio yirginibus commendavit." 
This is the same text as in (No. 213). 



221. De Piirgatorio S. Patricii. 

MS. Cott Vespas. A. tI ff. 150 b.-165 b. yell. 4to. xv. cent 

Tncip.—" Dicitur magnus Sanctus Patricius, qui a prime est 
** secundus." 

Expl, — ** Sine dubio consequi valeat per Dominum nostrum 
^' Jesum Christum, qui cum Patre et Spiritu Sancto viyit et 
** regnat Deus per omnia secula sasculorum. Amen." 



222. De Purgatorio Sancti Patricii 

MS. BibL Fab. Cant F £ 1. 27. 25. t 568. yeU. large 4to. xiii. cent 

Dedic, — ^'Patri sue in Christo prasoptato, Domino H. Abbati 
'^ de Sacris [Sartis ?] frater H. monachorum de Salteria 
<< minimus ....'' 

Inc^, — *^ Dicitur magnus Sanctus Patricius, qui a prime est 
^* secundus *^ 

ExpL — ''me una yobiscum per hiyus mortis horrorem traikui- 
** ferat in prsafatam faeatorum requiem Jesus Christus dux 
** et Dominus noster ; cnjus nomen gloriosum permanet et 
*^ benedictum in ssecula ssBCulorum. Amen." 

The same as MS. BibL Reg. 13. B. yiii. (No. 214.) 



223. Libellus de pcmuB Purgatorii, vulgo dictus S. 
Patricii Purgatorium^ prsevia Henrici monachi de 
Salteria Prsefatione. 

M& Coll. Orid. Oxon. 17. fL 120-132. yell folia dble. coL xiy. cent 

/itap.— .^' Jussistis, pater yenerande, ut scriptum vobis 
** mitterem." 

Colophon,'^* Explicit libelltts de poenis Purgatoriis.'' 



76 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 49». 224. Purgatoiium S. Fatricii, per quod transivit quidam 
miles nomine Oweyn^* praevia epistola fratris H. mo- 
nacbi de Salteria. 

MS. GolL Lincoln. Oxon. 28. ft 75-98. 
Printed in Colgan, ii. 274. 



225. Henricus de Saltreia de Purgatorio S. Patridi. 

MS. BodL 555. (2329). olim E. vi 10. 



226. Henrid Salteriensis Narratio de Yisione cujusdam 
militis, Owein nomine^ qui anno 1153; S. Patricii Pur- 
gatorium visitavit. 

Ma Arond. 292. K 73.-87. TelL 8yo. ziL cent. 

Ruhr, — "Do Purgatorio Saocti Patridi." 

Incip, — "Didtur magnus Sanctus Patridus^ qui a prioioest 
" secunduB." 

Expl,^^^^ Deo servituram in monasterio commondavit. £x- 
'• plicit.'' 



227. " Liber de Qaudio Paradisi Terrestris, ' more com- 
monly entitled " St. Patrick's Purgatory." 

Ms. BibL Pab. Cant E e. tl ii ^, 13-37. yell. sm. 4to. dble. cols. xiy. cent 

This volume was formerij numbered 181, and contained 
two other pieces. See James's " Ecloga Oxonio-Cantab." 
Lond. 1600, p. 64. 

Incip. — " En honurance Jhu Crist, 

Ke f ut le mund furma e fist" 



* In MS. Cott Caligula A. ii. f. 89 b. is an old Engliah poem on the 
descent of Owen, entitled '* Owayne Myles,'' which commences, ** God ^t 
'* ys so full of myght,** and ends ** That of alle ys Lorde "t Kynge. 
•• Explycit Owayne." See also Mr. T. Wright's *• Purgatory of St Patrick. 
In the AdYocates' Library, Edinburgh (MS. Auchinleck, 5), is the Legend 
of*' Owain Miles/' imperfect at the beginniug. The MS. is of the xiiL 
cent, and was edited by Mr. TnmbuU and Mr. Laing in 1837. The im- 
pression was limited to 32 copies. 



•f 



TO THE EABLT HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 77 

Expl, — *' Ore nns Den doint par sa merci A.D. 493. 

r. Ke nus le faciun altresi. Amen.*' 

This is the same story as that related by Matthew Paris 
(Historia Major, pp. 73^77. Edit. Lond.) under the year 1153, 
and by Henry de Saltrey at an earlier date.* 



228. Le Purgatoixe de S. Patrice. 

MS. Brit Miu. Addit 6524. ft 115-120 b. velL folia xIt. cent 

Incip. — '^En tel tens qui Seins Patrices.** 
JSxpL — ^^ de mes meins." 



229. Purgatorium S. Patricii, narrante Oilberto monacho 
Ludensi, post Abbate de Basingewereck in Anglia. 

MS. Barberini 270. £ 1 -25 b. in BIbL Vatican, yell, xiil cent 

Ruhr. — "De Purgatorio Sancti Patricii." 

Incip. />€dic. — • " Patri suo in Christo praaoptato, H. de 
« Sartis." 

Ineip. — " Sanctus Patricius, alius a prime Patricio, dum in 
" Hibemia verbum Dei praedicaret." 

SxpL—** ct nos de ejus ore audita digessimus in tractatum." 

Colophon. — "Explicit Purgatorium Sancti Patricii.'* 



230. Yisio ejusdem Fratris conversi in Anglia, quam 

habuit circa annum 1196. 
Ibid, fol 25. retro. 



231 . Foeme du Purgatoire de St. Patrice en Irlande, et 
autres relations fabuleuses par un moine de Saltereie. 

MS. Cott Domit iv. S, 258-268. yell, small 4to. dble. cols. ziy. cent 

Incip, — " Un moyne de Saltereie 

En escrit ceste cunte enveie.** 
ExpL — " De apres la mort ni ait qe espegier." 

* Marie de France composed, about the commencement of the xiii cent, 
** lie Pnrgatoire de Saint Patrice." The poem is analysed by Le Grand 
D'Aussy, y. 98, third edition. 



78 DESCBIPnYE CATALOGTJE OF ICAKITSCRIPTB BELiTINa 

A.D. 493. 232. Opusculum a qnodam monacho de Saltreia Abbati 
de Sartis nuncupatum : porro illud opusculum inscri* 
bitur " Purgatorium S. Patricii'* 

MS. BibL du Boi. 5137. 16. dim S. Martialii LemoTicenais. ydL ziii. cent. 



233. De Yita Soucti Fatricii — Miraculum de milite, 
nomine Owen, tempore Stephani Regis Anglise. 

MS. FhiUipps^ 4698. ex BibL Monasterii de Alna. yelL folio, xii. cent 



234. Henrid monachi Saltereyensis narratio de ingressu 
militis Oweni vel Oeni in Purgatorium S. PatriciL 

MS. Yieniuu 



236. Opusculum de quadam visione terribili, de supplidis 
animarum post obitum corporis: facta Edmundo 
monacho de Eynesham, regnante R Ricardo. 

MS. Cott Calig. A. Tiii it 188-2051). TelL 4to. xili. or xiy. cent 

Ineip. Prol, — "Ad laudem Dei et legentium utilitatem 
" prsesens opuBCulum super quadam visione terribili." 

Incip, — " In qnodam monasterio de Eynesham regni Anglise 
'^ erat quidam monachus.'' 

Expl. — " ac corrigenda corrigere stilo sapiente/' 

^«A.— "ExpUcit Visio." 

This tract is also found in MS. Digbj 34, being 1635 of the 
Catalogus MSS. Anglise et Hibemise, p. 78. See No. 242. 



235 a. Yisio Monachi de Eynsham. 

MS. Arcli. Sdd. B. 66. (3454), veil 4to. xy. cent. 

Ruhr. — "Incipit prsfatio de subsequenti yisiono, qusa con- 
" tigit apud Eynesham tempore regis Bicardi Primi, anno 

" Domini m*" o"° hit xvi*^. 

Incip, Prafat — " Usu noctissimum habetur. 

Incip, Visio. (f. 3.)—^' In quodam igitur coenobio erat juvenis 
" quidam." 



TO THE EABLT HISTOBY OF GBEiLT BBITAIN. 79 

^^p/^— ^' olim creavit ex nihilo coelum et terrain Jesns A.D.493. 
^' Christos Dominus noster, cui esty cum Patre et Spiritu Sancto, 
^' honor et gloria in saBCula saBculorum. Amen." 

Colophon^ — ** Explicit visio monachi de Ejnsham." 



. 235 &. Yifido Monachi de Eynsham. 

MS. BbdL 636. (2002), ff. 25-80. paper. 4to. xv. cent 

/ndjp.— " Usu noctissimum habetur.*' 

ExpL-^^^ex nihilo coeltim et terram Jesns Christos Do- 
'^ minus noster, cui est, cum Fatre et Spiritu Sancto^ honor et 
'' gloria in ss&cula saaculorum. Amen/' 

Colophon. — ^'Explicit visio cujusdam monachi.*' 



236. De Purgatorio S. Patricii. 

MS. Cott Tiber. E. i. f. 651). 

The beginning is illegible. 

ExpL — " Ut habetur supra in fine Vitae Sancti Adrian! 
*' Abbatis." 

Contained in the *' Sanctilogium" of John of Tinmouth, 
No. 86, already mentioned. 



236 a. Purgatorium Sancti Patricii Abbatis. 

MS. Bodl. Land. Misc. 108. (1486), ff. 96 b.-104. yell, folio, zly. cent 

Incip, — ** Seint Paterik thoru Godes grace, makede ane put 
in Irlonde. 
'^ That Seint Patrike purgatorie is icleoped : teot 
ase ich onderstonde.'' 



237. Here beg3nmeth the revelacon the which Will"in 
Staunton saw in Patrickis Purgatorie the Friday next 
after the feat of the Exaltation of the Crosse in the 
yere of owre Lord M.cccc™*'ix. 

MS. Reg. 17 B zliii. H 133-148bi yell. Syo. xyL cent 

Incip. — " Will*m Staunton born in the bishoprjche of Dere- 
*• ham." 

Expl.^-^* and the shul be yn myne.** 



80 DESCBIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.D.499. 238. Prooemium Memoriale super visitatione Domini 
Laurentii Katholdi militis et baronis HungarisB; factum 
de Purgatorio Sancti Patricii in insula Hibemiea. 

MS. Beg. lOKlz. £36-45b. paper, folio. XTicent 

Incip, — ^' Postquam almificus uni versorum Creator." 
ExpL (imperf.)— ". . . ad ipsum disponi ** 



239. De 8. Fatrido et ejus Purgatorio. 

MS. Corpus Christi ColL Cant 462. olim N. 13. Sva ziL cent. 

Incip. — ^'Dicitur magnns Sanctus Patricius, qui a primo 
'^ est secundus." 

Expl,-^^^ J uxifL lingunm patrite memoratas." 

Then follow a few lines commencing — "De statu animarum 
" defunctorum.*' 

This seems to be identical with the MS. mentioned in the 
<< Catalogus MSS. Angllas et Hibernias," as No. 1280. 



239 a. Tractatus brevis, sed imperfectus^ de Sancti 

Patricii Purgatorio. 

MS. Bodl Raw!. C. 97. ff. 106-107 b. yell. sm. fol. dble. coIb. xil cent 

Incip, — " Sanctus Patriciusy dum verbum Dei in Hjbernia 
" praedicaret." 
£xpL — " Ut ei yidebatur, tumultum non faceret.*' 



239 b. Narratio de Poenis Infemalibus. 

MS. BodL 509. (2672.) ff. 162-169 yell, small 4to. xii. cent 

Ruhr* — ** Incipit nan*atio cujusdam yiri venerabilis de xiii» 

" poenis Hibemalibus." 

Incip, — ^* Didtur magnus Sanctus Patricias^ qui a primo est 

" secundus." 
The second paragraph commences : '^ Contigit autem his 

** temporibus nostris diebus, scilicet regis Stephani, militem 

" quemdanii nomine Owein, de quo praesens est narratio." 

Expl, — '* Militemque in Hibemia honeste et religiose viven- 

^' tem dimiserunt. Explicit narratio de poenis infemalibus." 



i 



TO THB EARLY HISTOBY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 81 

240. Vita S. Patricii Episcopi et Confessoris. A.D. 493. 

Item de Purgatorio Hibemiae. 

MS. Trin. Ck>IL DabL 653, Catalog. MSS. Anglite et Hibernite, 793. 



241. Tractatus S. Patricii de Purgatorio. 

MS. Hunter. Glasgiue. R 8. 113, 4to. 



242. Purgatorium S. Patricii. 

MS. BodL Digby, 34 (1635), ff. 81-96. yell. 8vo. xii. cent. 

Incip. — **Dicitur magnus Sanctus Patricias." 

ExpL — ^' In prsefatam beatorum requiem Jesus Chrisius Dux 
" et Dominus neater, cujus nomcn gloriosum permanct ct 
" benedictum in scecula sseculorum. Amen." 

After two or three short pieces, follows (f. 100) : — 
" The vision of the Monk of Ejnsham.** 

/net)).—'' Ustt noctissimum habetur.'' 

Expl. (126 ft. imperf.) — "quas sibi juste im. . ," (See 
No. 235.) 



243. Liber de pcenis Ptugatorii S. Patricii, ubi de ejus 

Yita et Miraculis. 

MS. Bodl. Digbj, Anct c. 10. (fbnner reference, 72), ff. 139-145. yell. fol. 

zy. cent 

Rultr, — ** Incipit liber de pcenis purgatorii." 
Incip, Dedic. — ^ Patri sue in Christo prseoptato." 
Incip. Narratio. — '^ Dleitur magnus sanctus Patricius."' 
i^Tar/)/. (tuiper/I)— "Non intelleximus. De . . . ." 



VOL. I. 



82 DESCBIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF ICAKUSGRIPTS BELATINQ 

A.D.493. 244. labeUos de Puigatorio S. Fatricii, quod est in 

HibenuA^ 

Ma LvAbeth. 238. ft 176-186. yell. f<dio. ziT. cent 



245. Purgatorium S. Fatricii, siye Prophetise ejusdem de 

statu Ecclesise. 

MS. VadcaiL 6862. if. 1-41. paper. Stow zt. cent 

/nctjp.— •'' Incipit quidam devotus tractatus de Pargatorio.'' 
ExpL-^^^ facta ad laadem at gloriam Salvatoris nostri Jesus 

" Christi, cui cum Patre et Spiritu Sancto est omnis honor 

'^ et gloria in saecula saeculorum. Amen.*' 



246. Belatio de Porgatorio S. Patricii in Hibemia, auctore 
Fetro Lombardo Hibemo, Prssposito Cameracensis. 

MS. VaUiceL H. 48. in BiR Vatican. 



247. Purgatorium S. Patricii, 
M& Mooaat S. Petri de Cultura. 



248. Traits du Purgatoire de S. Patrice. 

MS. Bibl. Monast de Longpont. 



249. S. Patricii Episoopi in Hibemia constituti circa 

a. 430, liber de Purgatorio. 

MS. Bamberg. 



250. Patricius S. Irland. de Purgatoria 

MS. Bamberg. 



251. De Purgatorio S. Patricii. 

MS. Basileensis. 



TO THE BARLT HI8T0&T OF QBEAT B&ITAIM. 63 

252. Foema de Piugatorio S. Fatricii. AJ>. 493, 

MS. Cott Domit 
Mentioned in Montfaucon^B '^ Bibliotlieca," i. 639. Q7. 
if not the same as No. 231. 



253. Le FuTgatoire de Saint Fatrioe. 

MS. Bern. xy. cent. 



254. Le Furgatoire de S. Fatrice. 

MS* Bern* 



255. Furgatorium S. Fatricii Episcopi. 

MS. Salmansvailer (ConTent in WUrtemburg). 



256. Regifitrum de Furgatorio S. Fatricii 

MS. Yienna. 



257. Furgatorium S. Fatricii, 

MS. S. VietoriB Fariuennfl, 



258. Furgatorium S. FatridL 

MS. BibL da Boi. 3338. 5. veil. xiy. cent 



259. Furgatorium S. Fatricii. 

MS. BibL Beg. Paris. 
Mentioned in Montfaucon's ^' Bibliotheca." 



260. Furgatorium S. Fatricii. 

MS. BibL Beg. FarU. 858. 
Mentioned in Montfaucon's " Bibliotheca." 



261. Le Furgatoire S. Fatrice. 

MS. BibL Beg. Paris. 3867 ? 
Mentioned in Montfaucon's " Bibliotheca.'* 



F 2 



84 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF HANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

^^' *^3- 262. Purgatorium S. Patricii. 

MS. Bibl. S« Germanensis. 



263. De Purgatorio S. Patricii. 

MS. Urbiuatens. 48. yell, folio. 



264. Purgatorio di S. Patricio. 

MS. Ricardiana. E. 1. 34. paper, folio. 



A.D.494. A.D. 494* 

265. De S. Kenedo vel Kynedo Confessore, auctore 
Johanne de lynemoutb. 

MS. Cott. Tiber. £. 1. £ S17-218 b. 

Ineip, — '^ Est enim terra qusadam quee antiquitus Letanin, 
" nunc autem Minor Britannia nuncupatur." 
• ExpL — " Terras vero relinquens^ in coelo pnemia percepturus 
'' migravit Kalendis August].*' 

This MS. contains the ^' Sanctilogium *' of John of Tin- 
mouth; No. 35, already mentioned. The source of his 
information has not occurred. 

It is also found in Capgrave's ''Nova Legenda Anglise/' 
fol. 205. 

Elyned was the child, by incest, of King Leteu, and born in 
Britain in the time of Arthur, He was exposed on a river 
in a cradle, and drifted to Heniswerin or Insula Turbas. He 
was contemporarj with St. David. The author states that he 
had seen much more concerning him in a MS. which he had 
met with in Wales, and which was nearly illegible from age. 

* The date of the death of Kyned is varioasly given ; it is placed by 
some in 494, by others in 665, and in MS. Bodl. 240 as late as 961. 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 85 

266. De Sancto Kenedo Confessore Johannes Anglicus A.D. 494. 
in Sanctilogio sue de Sanctis Wallisd et Scotiaa. 

M&Bodl. 240.£617. 

//ictp.— ''Est quasdam terriky quaB antiquitus Letamia (not 
'' I^taitia, as in Capgrave's " Nova Legenda Anglisc "}, nunc 
** autem Minor Britannia nuncupatuc." 

ExpL — ''Floruit autem Sanctus Kenedus tempore Sancti 
" David, anno Christi 96I9 et obiit Kalendis Augusti." 



267. De Sancto Kynedo Confessore. 

MS. BodL Tanner, 15. p. 363. yell, folia xv. cent 

Inc^. — " Est enim terra quasdam, quas antiquitus Leta/iia 
(gloss. Letavia), none autem Minor Britannia nuncupatur.'' 

j^op/. — " Terras yero relinquens, in coelo prsBmia percep- 
" turus, migrayit Kalendis August!.'' 

ApparenUy the same text as that of MS. Cott. Tiber. E. 1. 
(No. 265% and Capgrave's '* Nova Legenda Anglia9.'' See No. 
38^ already mentioned. 



A,D. 496. A.D. 496. 

268. Vita S. Tatbei Confessoris. 

MS. Cott. Yespas. A. xiv. ft 85 b.-89. yell. Syo. xii. cent. 

/ftcijp. — "Rex quidam Hiberniat^ regum illias insulae." 

ExpL — "Quern Deus elegit et diroxit in aeterna glorias 
" patria." 

This Life is abridged in Capgrave's "Nova Legenda 
" Angliae." See No. 88. 

TatheuSy the son of an Lrlsh king, named Tathalius> leaves 
L'eland to avoid being made king, and reaches the Severn. 
King Caradoc engages him to teach a school in his city of 
Gwent. Tatheus builds a church to the Holy Trinity^ and 
places twelve canons in it* Caradoc, then a child, is placed 



86 DESCBIPTIYE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 496, under his care. Tatheus dies, and is buried at his own monas- 
tery.* 

Verses are frequently intermixed with the narrative, which 
seems to be a commemoration homily. Much of it is childishly 
absurd. 



269. Be Sancto Tatheo Confessore de Hibemia. 

M& Cott Tiberias E. L, f. 300. 

Incip, — " Bex quidam Hibemis, nomine ThathaHus, filium 

'' genuit nomine Thathium.^ 

ExpL — ^'Et in monastcrio suo sepeliri cum honore meruit." 

In the '^ Sanctil<^um " of John of Tinmouth, No. 36. It 

is printed in Capgrave's "Nova Legenda," ff. 279b-280b, who 

has abridged Yespas. A. xiv., the preceding article. 



A.D. 500. A.D. 600. 

270. YitaS. Endei Abbatis Aranensis.f 

MS. BodL Rawl. B. 505. pp. 1-8. veil. fol. dUe. cols. xir. cent 
MS. Bodl. Rawl. B. 485. f. 179. veil. 4to. xiy. cent 

Incip, — " Mirabilis Dous et omnipotcns Sanctis suis hunc 
" virum sanctissimum, scilicet Endeum Abbatem, tanquam 
" stellam praefulgidam, huic mnndo opaco transmisit.'' 

Exph — " sic concessum est tibi a Deo tuo." 

Printed in the "Acta Sanctorum" (21 March), iii. 269, 
from MS. " Insulse Omnium Sanctorum." 

The Editor then gives an Appendix, commencing " Alio 
" quoque," and ending " animam suam commendans expiravit." 

The particulars of the life of Endeus or Enna are in- 
volved in the greatest obscuritj. He was the son of a 



* The English Martyrology (ed. 1640) places this monastery at Chepstow, 
and gires the day dT his commemoration as the 26th December, whieh 
agrees with this MS., Tis. ▼ii'' Kalendas Jannarii. The years 400 and 460 
baiTe also been assigned for his death. 

t Colgan, i 1f04, assigns thia biography to Angostin MagradiiL 



TO THE EAJtLT UISTOKY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 87 

prince of Ulster^ and became a monk. He founded the AJ>. Ml. 
Monastery of Aran. The time of his death is not known ; it 
has been placed as earlj as the year 490»* and as late as thai 
of 540. 



271. Vita S. Gundlei, Begis et ConfesBoris ; una cum 
appendioe MiraculonuDy ad an. 1100. 

MS. Cott Vespas. A. ziy. £ 13-17. veU. Svo. xiL cent 

Incip. — " Nobilissimns rex Gliyisns Anstralitim Britonam 
** genait snccessorem snom Ganlyn.'' 

I ExpL — ^^'quiB postea subjacnit et snbjacere debnit Ecclesi® 
** Sancti Gnnlyn per rationem." 

An abstract of this life is printed in the '^ Acta Sanctomm,'* 
ill. 783 (29th March), from Capgrave, who has abridged MS. 
Yespas. A. xiy. f. 168. 

Gunlyn, son of Glivisus, king of the South Britons, from 
whom a certain tract of conntry is named Gunlynvaon, 
governed seven districts in Gul at Morgantia. He married 
Guladusa^ daughter of Brachan, king of Brecknok, who bore 
him a son named Cadoc, who exhorting his father to despise 
the perishing things of this life, Gunlyn resigned the kingdom 
to him and retired into a solitary place, as did also Gnladusa. 
Gunlyn, with the assent of Dubricius, built a church, ** tabulis 
** et virgis," and being some time afterwards visited by his son 
Cadoc (now king of Glamorgan), Guladusa, at her son's entreaty, 
quitted the neighbourhood of her husband for fear she might 
fall into temptation. Gunlyn, after an exemplary life, fell sick, 
and was visited by Caradoc and Dubricius. He died and was 
buried in his own church* 

The following story which occurs in this MS. seems ex- 
tracted from some other work; its title is *'De quodam 
^ carminum compositore ex gestis S. Gundleii." 



* " S. EDdenm floroisse ante annma 4S9, qao iBngossus rex MumoniflS 
«* occabuit" (Colgan, i 710. not* 2.) 



88 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 500. A certain bard (carminum compositor) had finished three 
portions of his task in praise of Gundlei, when suddenly he 
paused for want of matter ; at this moment a great flood arose, 
from which he was enabled to escape by ascending to the roof 
of Gundlei's church ; in his progress to which he completed 
the fourth and concluding portion of the work. 

The followers of Griffin, King of Venedotia (who was forced 
to fly in the time of William the Conqueror), were punished for 
invading the saint's possessions, as was also Harold (whose 
defeat at Hastings arose from the same cause) ; and William 
Rufus (who invaded Wides daring the lifetime of his father, 
because king Caradoc harboured three Norman knights, who 
had conspired against the Conqueror) was compelled to retire 
through the efficacy of the same interposition. 

This Life, at least in its present form (for there seems to 
have been an older one), appears to have been composed in 
the 12th century, which seems to be the age of the MS. also. 
It contains but few remarkable circumstances. 



272. Vita S. Gundlei. 

MS. BodL Tanner, 15. £ S09. veil, folio, xv. cent 

Inc^. — '' Sanctus enim Gundleus, Alius Regis Australium 
" Britonum." 

ExpL — '^ Martyrizatus fuit. Haec Yincentius." 
* The same text as in Tiber. E. i. (No. 274.) and Capgrave's 
*< Nova Legenda Anglie." See No. 88. 



273. Viia S. Gundlei Begis et Confessoris. 

MS. Cott Titiu D. xza ff. 34b*-49. velL ISmo. xiiL cent 

Itvhr. — " Incipit vita Sancti Gunllci Confessoris, iiii. KL 
•• Aprilis. Do divisione haereditatis." 

Incip, — ^' Nobilissimus rex Glivissilis Australium Bri- 
*' tonum genuit filium successorem suum Gunlliu." 

l^xpL — '< Tertia majorem Jacobum volucremque Johannem.^ 



TO THE £ARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 89 

274. De Sancto Gundleo Rege et Confessore. A.D. soo. 

MS. Cott Tiber. E. i. f. 85 b. 

Ittcip. — *^ Sanctus enim Gandleos, filius regis Australium 
" Britonum." 

ExpL — ^'^hic Sanctus Episcopus postea a Wandalis mar- 
" tTrizatus fuit. Haec YincentiiiB.'' 

This piece occurs in the " Sanctilogium " of John of Tin- 
mouthy No. 35, alreadj mentioned ; printed also in Capgrave's 
" Nova Legenda," ff. 168-169. 



275. De Sancto Benigno Episcopo et Confessore. 

MS. Cott Tiber. E. L £ 271. 

/ndp.—'^ Sanctus enim Bcnignas in regimine pontificali 
** transactis." 

JSxpl, — "ab omnibus Deo et Sancto ejus referuntur." 

This piece occurs in the " Sanctilogium ** of John of Tin- 
mouthy No. 35, alreadj mentioned. It is printed in Capgrave's 
'* Legenda tfova Anglise/' f. 36. 

Benignns, prompted by a vision, goes to Glastonbury, where 
he finds Patrick, and is sent by him to Ferramere, and becomes 
an anchorite there. 



276. Vita S. Benigni. 

MS. BodL Tanner, 15. 1 61. veil foL xv. cent 

Inc^* — ^' Sanctus enim Benignus in regimine pontificali.*^ 

ExpL — ^'Laudes et gratis ab omnibus Deo et Sancto ejus 
»' referuntur." 

Apparently the same text as that of MS. Cott Tiber. E. 1. 
(No. 275), and Capgrave's '^Nova Legenda Angliae." See 
No. 38. 

William of Malmesbury wrote a work *^De Miraculis 
*' Benigni," but this piece bears no resemblance to Malmes- 
bury's style. The text of the life by Malmesbury has not been 
met with. 

There were two Saints named Benignus, one who lived in the 
third century, and another^ known as Beonnay the subject of 



90 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 500. tho present notice^ who was a disciple of St. Patrick, whom 
he succeeded in tho See of Armagh* and died towards the 
close of the fifth century ; haying resigned the See about three 
years before his death. 



277. Chronicon Universale, ab Orbe Condito ad annum 
usque 1186,* auctore Gottofrido Viterbienso. 

MS. BodL 721. (1296.) yelL 4to. xv. centf 

Incip. — " De nonnuUis Ecclesiae pcrsecutoribus.** 
^' Chronica quad perhibent regnasse Diocletianum, 
Cum regnasset, sibi refemnt turn Maximianum, 
Climata Britannite quern tenuisse canunt'^ 

This Chronicle, which is addressed to Pope Urban III., 
contains the annals of the Angles and Saxons in about 314 
Latin rerses. They are divided into Chapters, each having 
a heading. 

It appears to have been derived from Grooffrey of Monmouth, 
and from some source conunon to the compiler of this chronicle 
and Nennius. 

The narrative in the first two Chapters is confused, and the 
chronology incorrect. After the eighth Chapter the historical 
interest is lost, and the remainder is taken up with legendary 
lore. It ends abruptly with the birth of Arthur. 

The author was Gottofrid of Yiterbo, a native of Silesia, and 
afterwards Bishop of Viterbo. He died A.D. 1 196 or 1 198. 
The chronicle has been several times printed. It first appeared 
in 1569 at Basle under the editorship of John BeroaId« 



* AhbooghthischroiiicleexteBdBtotheyetfllSS, yetitdoesBotappear 
to contain anything relatiye to thia cosntry afler the birth of Arthar, vhich 
may be placed circa A.D. 500. 

t The MS. iras transcribed '* per f!ratrem Johannem de Oistriche, nmo 
« Domini M«.ccccMiiy^" 



i^^* 



TO THK KARLY HISTORY OP GREAT BRITAIN. 91 

278. Historia Anglorum et Saxonum Becundum Magis- AJ). 5oo. 

trum Gotifridum Viturbiensium. 

MS. ColL S. Job. Cant. G. 16. t 284-289. yell. 4to. xiii. cent. 

Incip* — 

'^ Chronica quoB perhibent regnasse Diode tianam, 
Com regnasse sibi ferunt tunc Maximianum,'^ 
Climata Britannise quern tenuisse canunt.'' 
ExpL-^** Viribus et gladiis prsefuit esse viris." 



279. Vita Sancti Bemachi Confessoris. 

MS. Cott Yespafl. A. Xiv. fL 75 b-77b. ycD. 8to. xiL cent 

Bubr. — '^Incipit Vita Sancti Bernachi Confessoris." 

Ineip, — ^'Elegit sibi Dominus virum de filiis Israel jaxta 
** cor Buoniy Bemacum nomine." 

jE!rp^— -'^Operatnrqae mirabilia magna frequenter in terris 
" pnestante Domino nostro Jesu Christo." 

This Life is abridged in Capgrave's ^'Legenda Nova 
" AngUae," ff. 36b.-38. 

This tract is fabulous and absurd, but its contents are as 
follow : — Bemac was born of noble parents in Britain. He 
goes to Rome, destroys a pestiferous animal there bj prayer. 
He retires to Brittany. He embarks on a large stone and is 
wafted by the waves to Milford Haven, and lands at Cledyf. 
The devil incites a King's daughter to endeavour to seduce 
him. She fails, and attempts to cause him to be murdered. 
He is wounded, but escapes, and retires to a spot near the river 
Guenn, now called "Pons Lapideus." He removes to the 
river Newer, to a place called " Saltus veteris ecclesiae.'* He 
is commanded in a vision to seek a place for his residence, 
where he will find a white sow and pigs. Clethre, lord of the 
territory, gives him the land and his twenty sons to serve God 
with him. Hfi causes deer to draw his car. He sends a wolf 
to keep his cow. He restores his cow to life after she has been 
cut up and put in a caldron, which would not boil^ He 
pardons the King who had caused her to be killed, and enter- 
tains him with bread gathered from a tree, and with stones 
from the brook converted into fish. The King grants his 
monastery an exemption from all imposts^ &c. He dies on the 
Tth of April, and is buried under the east wall of his church. 



92 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIFrS BELATING 

A.D. 500. 280. T>e Sancto Bernaoo Confessatore et Abbate. 

MS. Cott. Tiber. £. L C 87b.-«8b. 

Ific^, — '^ Erat autem Bernachus." 

ExpL — *^ Cor eju8 cogitatio aacenderit."' 

Printed in Capgrayc's ''Legenda Nova Anglias." Sec No. 35, 



281. Vita S. BemachL 

MS. BodL Tanner, 15 C 631. TelL f<^ xv. cent 

/itct/7.*-'' Erat autem Bemacos venastus, omatua moribas 

titulisque." 

ExpL {imperf,) — '^ Aqua namque, in qua caro coquenda 
^' jacebat, ita, sicut quando infundebatur, frigida permanebat 
*< Nee magis igne " 

See No. 38. 



282. Vita S. Iltuti Abbatis. 

MS. Cott Vespu. A. xiv. £ 42 bb-52. yelL 8yo. xii. cent. 

Incip. — ** Dives provincia Tietorios% potens in armis.'' 
Ea^i. — ** Hie probatum manifesto dum fugit Guynedotiso 
'' turba.** 

Biean, a prince of Letau, marries Reingulid, daughter of 
Anblad, king of Britannj. Iltut» their son, comes to Britain to 
visit his cousin Arthur, by whom he is honourably received. 
He afterwards goes to Poulent^ king of Gulat Morcaneas, and is 
made his chief officer. Htut quits the courts and with his wife 
and servants resides in a secluded cabin near a river. He dis- 
misses his wife in consequence of an angelic intimation. He 
then fixes his habitation at Hodnant. He is ordained by Dubric, 
and builds a church. He entertains King Merchiaun, sur- 
namcd Yesanus, who gives him many possessions. Many 
persons resort to him for instruction, and among thctn Samson, 
Gildas, Paulin, and Dewi or David. He appoints prebends for 
fifty canons, and raises sea-banks. Samson is ordained by 



TO THE EABLY HISTOBT OF GBEAT BBTTAIN. 93 

DubriCy and made bishop of Dol. Iltut*s wife yisits him, and is A.D. 500. 
punished for her intrusion. Punishment is inflicted on Cjblin, 
steward of Marchiaun, king of Glamorgan. Iltut flies to a cayem 
through fear of Marchiaun. The bell intended as a present 
by GildaSy the historiographer, to David, rings on being carried 
past his cave. David, not being able to make it ring, sends it 
back to ntut. The canons fetch Iltut back to his monastery. 
Cefygyd, steward of Marchiaun, is swallowed in a bog for mo- 
lesting ntut, as is also Marchiaun. Iltut again retires to his 
cavern : he visits his native country Letau, and finding the 
people sufiering from famine, causes corn to be brought from 
Britain for their relief. Returns to Britain, and again goes 
to Letau. Dies near Dol. King Edgar invades Glamorgan, and 
carries off Etut's bell, but afterwards restores it on account of 
a dream, and dies nine days afterwards. 

The author must have composed his work after the Norman 
conquest, as he notices that the English and Normans defeated 
the Welsh between lian Iltut and Castell Merchiaun in the 
time of William the Conqueror and Robert Fitz-Hamon. 



283. De Sancto Iltuto. 

MS. Cott Tiber. R 1. ff. S74-275b. 

Incip, — '^ Sanctns cnim Btutus Alius fuit nobilissimi militis 
'^ nomine Bicani." 

ExpL — *^ Et nullum alium in valore prascellentem." 
This piece occurs in ^' John of Tinmouth's Sanctiloginm," 
No. 35, already mentioned, and is printed in Capgrave*s "Nova 
Legenda Anglise,** ff. 187-188b. It seems to be an abridg- 
ment of MS. Cott. Yespas. A. xiv.. No. 282, the preceding 
article. 



284. De S. Iltuto. 

Ma Bodl. Tanner, 15. £34. veil folio, xv. cent. 

Incip. — ** Sanctus.enim Iltutus filius fuit nobilissimi militis 
" nomine Bicani." 

ExpL — " Nullum alium in valore praecellentem.'' 



94 DESCBIWIVB CATALOGinS OF KAKUSCRIFTB BELATINO 

A.D. 500. 285. Vita S. Modwennae* (seu Barercae) Virginifi, auctore 

anonymo. 
ICS. Salniaiitiffnii 

Indp. — ^** "Virgo yencrabilis nomine Darcrca^ cognomen to 
" Monynna." 

ExpL — "Potati suflicienter rccreati sunt^ qui potaverant. 
" Finit." 

Printed in the " Acta Sanctorum " (6 July), ii. 290, 



286. Vita S. Modvemife, Virginia Hibemicad, per GaJ- 
firidum Edys, Burtonensem Monachum. 

MS. Cott. Cleopat. A. iL yell, small 4to. xi. cent 

Ruhr, — ^^ Ilymnus Sanctas Monennas Virginia." 

Incip, Invocat. — '^Deum Deorum Dominum, Auctorem vila; 
" omnium." 

This is followed by an Alphabetical Hymn. 

/iu»jp, Hymnus, — ^' Audite sancta studia, Virginum Christi 
" millia." 

ExpL Hymnus.'^^^ Zona Christi . . • collocasti in gloria. 
" Amen/' 

Then another Hjmn. 

Incip, — '^ Ora pro nobis, Beata Monenna." 

ExpL — " Per poenitentiam deleamus." 

Then a table of contents of Chapters. 

Rubr, — "Incipit Vita Sanctas MonennaB Virginis," 

Indp* ProL — " Fuit inter Hibemenses gentcs virgo vitae 
'' yenerabilis et morum sanctae industria dccoratae, nomine 
" Monenna." 

Indp. Vita. — ^^De supradicto itaque Conallcorum populo 
'^ Sancta Monenna fratrem habuit, nomine Maughteum." 

ExpL Vita, — ^'In mansionibus simul pcrfectorum cum 
<' Christo, qui regnat in saecula saeculorum. Amen." 

Then follows another Alphabetical Hymn. 

Indp, — ** Audite, fratres, facta." 



* She 16 also called MoDenna, Monynna, Monyrra, Moninia, and ^fod- 
renna. 



I 



TO T8B EABLT HISTDBT OF GBSAT BBITAJN. 95 

JSstpZ,—- '^Sicut sol in meridio. Qui regnas in sascula A.D, 600. 
<< sadculomm. Amen." 
Then follows a veiy brief epitome of Monenna's life. 
Jneip. — « Yixerat antem Sancta Monenna." 
£9pL — ** Abbatissa annis quindecinu'* 
Then eomes, in a hand of the 13th century, an account of 
Modwenna's bed in a monastery which she founded in Ireland. 
Ine^M — '' Audiyimus a quodam viro religioso.** 
ExpL^^^^ In eodem loco occisornm impudenter foodasset.*' 
Then the following lines :«~ 

'^ Ortom Modyennaa dat Hibemia, Scotia finem^ 
Anglia dat tomulum, dat Dens alta poli. 
Prima dedit yitam, sed mortem terra secunda, 

Et terram teme tertia terra dedit 
Anfert Lanfortin, quam terra Conallea profert^ 
Felix Burtonia yirginis ossa tenet.*' 
Then, in a hand of the 14th century, this Hymn :*— 
^* Gaude yirgo mater Christi qui per. 
^' Gande quia Deo plena peperisti. 
'^ Gaude quia tui nati quern dol. 
^' Gaude Christum ascendentem. 
'' Gaude quod post ipsum scandis 
" Ubi fructus yentris tui."* 
This Life is printed in the ^'Acta Sanctorum "(6 July), 
ii. 297» from the Cottonian MS. (Cleop. A. ii.) aJboye de- 
scribed. The diyisions into Chapters, howeyer, are different 
in the MS. £r(«n those in the printed text. The Alphabetical 
Hymns are omitted in the printed text^ and some yerbal 
alterations haye been made by the editors. 

The text of the Cottonian MS. has been thus minutely 
described, in order that the doubts may be dispelled which 
exists relatiye to the indiyidual whose life is written, as well 
as to the author of the narratiye. It has been attributed to 
William Edys, Monk of Burton, Geoffrey Edys, Monk of 
Burton, and Conchubranus ; to the last of whom, howeyer, 
it properly belongs, for at the end of the work his name occurs : 



* These lines oeeor in the liS. as here printed ; they appear to be an 
abbreriated and corrapted form of the BhTthmioal Hymn of die Seren Joys 
of the Virgin Mary, in the recitation of which Thomas Becket is said to 
have ezperienoed great pleasure. See '' Magnom Promptnarinm C^holic«e 
" Devotionis" (Vienna, 1672.), p. 205. 



96 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF HANUSCBIPn KEULTINQ 

A.D- 500. « Haram Tirtutum Icctorem simul et audiiorem per Domi- 
** num tester, ut pro mo valde miscro Domini servo Con« 
** chubranOy peccati sarcina opprcsso, piia orationibus inter* 
** cedant ad Dominum.*** 

According to Conchubranus, Monenna was the daughter of 
Maugtheum, a King in Ireland. She was consecrated by 
St. Patrick, who placed Athea under her to be taught 
psalmody and to receive religious instruction. Among the 
eight virgins associated with her were Bridget and Orbila. 
Alfred, son of the King of England, went into Ireland to her at 
Fochard to be cured of a disease. She visited England, and 
landed '^juzta castellum, Dagano nomine,'* where she left her 
followers to erect a church at Streneshalen, near the wood 
called Ardeme, while she went to visit the King. The King 
granted that vill to her, and placed his sister under her care 
to be educated. After three months she returned to Ireland 
with her charge. She visited Rome three times. She built a 
monastery at Calvechifon-the-Trcnt, now called Andrcseie. 
She went to visit King Congal in Scotland, where she died 
on the 3rd of the Nones of July. The Irish, Scotch, and 
English contended for her body. Columchille settled their 
dispute, and her body was awarded to England, and conveyed 
to the place where she herself wished to be buried. 

Conchubranus is conjectured to have confounded three 
persons of the same name, — one Irish, one Scotch, and one 
English — all living in different centuries.f Something of this 
kind must have taken place, if some parts at least of the story 
be not mere invention. The same person could not be contem- 
porary with St. Patrick and with Alfred ; though it is possible 
that Uie Alfred here mentioned was Alfred of Northumbrla, 
who certainly was for some time in Ireland. But see the Life 



* The entry in the Cottonian Catalogue attributes the work to Geoffrey 
Edys, Monk <^ Burton ; but in the fint page of the MS. the following 
occurs, written in a hand of the 1 6th century : '* Ex conjunctione dompni 
*' Wyllelmy Edys, monasterii B. Biariie S. Modwennie vii^nis de Burton 
*^ super Trent monachi, dum esset studens Oxoniao, A.D. 1517.** Tanner 
(Bibliotheca, p. 25) states that the words *'Kx conjunctione *' relate to the 
binding of the Tolume, and not to the author. 

t With respect to the conAision of the subject of these Lives, see Alford's 
* Annales," A.D. 653, § 7, and AD. 871, § 26. 



TO THE EARLY HISTOfiT OF GBEAT BRITAIN. 97 

of Modwcnna hj Geoffrey of Burton, No. 288, who, in taking AD. 500 
Conchubranus' book as the basis of his text, calls Alfred the 
son of Ethelwulf, and his sister, Edith. 



287. Vita S. Monennse. 

MS. Sloane, 4788. ff. 1-32. paper, foUa xyiL cent 

This is a transcript of the Cottonian MS. Cleop. A. ii., 
written in the seventeenth centurj. 

The volume in which it occurs was formerly No. 39 of 
the Clarendon Collection, mentioned in the ^* Catalogus MSS. 
^* Anglise et HibemisB." 



288. S. Modv6Dns3 Yita, et Traciatus de Miraculis ejus. 

MS. BibL Reg. 15, B. ir., (F. 76-78. yell. 4to. xiii cent* 

Rtihr. — ^'Incipit praefatio Gaufridi Abbatis Burtonite in 
** vita SanctflB Modvcnnae Yirginis." 

Incip, Praf, — ''Diu desideraveram curans animo rcperire 
'' aliquid certum." 

ExpL Prcef. — " Commenticia fabricare." 

Incvp, Vita. — 'Tuit in Hjbernia quiBdam virgo, nomine 
** Modvenna." 

Expl. Vita, — ''Cum magno gandio ad regna coelestia 
<' regnatnra cum Christo Domino in stecula sseculorum. 
" Amen." 

Ttuhr. — '' Explicit Vita Sanctse Modvennas Yirginis. Incipit 
" tractatus do miraculis ejus quro con tiger unt post obitum 
« ejus.'' 

Incip. Mirae. (f. 86). — '' Et factum est postquam dcfuncta." 

ExpL Mirac, — '' Sponsum tuum Dominum nostrum Jesum 
'' Christum, qui cum Patre et Spiritu Sancto vivit et regnat 
'' et gloriatur squalis Dcus per omnia saecula saeculorum. 
** Amen." 

In the Prologue, the author states that he sought materials 
diligently for writing the Life and Miracles of Modvenna, and 



* This MS. probably formerly belonged to the Abbey of Revesby. 
(Leland. Collect iii. 29.) 

VOL. I. O 



98 DEBCBIFnyB CATALOGUE OF KAKUSCBIPIS BEtiATINO 

A.D. 000. at length obtained them from Ireland, partly in Irish (de lingua 
barbara), bnt, as it would be vain attempting to write the whole 
of her miracles, he proposes selecting and giving them a better 
arrangement than was to be found in the accounts already 
published. 

The basis of this life is that by Conchubranus, or something 
like it ; but the order of the narrative is changed, and it is 
sometimes much amplified by declamation, as, for instance, in 
the Chapter relating to Alfred's visit to Ireland. The author 
seems to have been the first who made Alfred the son of 
Ethelwulf, King of the Mercians and West Saxons, and called 
his sister Edith, and from him it passed into Capgrave's ^^Nova 
Legenda ** and into MS. Lansdowne, 436 ; all, seemingly, 
abridgments of Geoffrey of Burton. 

Geoffrey was Abbot of Burton-upon-Trent from 1114 to 
1151 (AnnaL Burton, apud FelL i. 248, 249). Bale and Fits 
place him, incorrectly, a century later. He was Prior of 
Winchester before his promotion to the Abbacy of Burton. 



289. S. ModvennsB Vita ; per Galfridum Burtoniensem. 

MS. Mostyn Gloddaeth, 9. 5. 



290. Vita S. Modwennse. 

MS. Cott Tiber. E. i. ff. 199 b~204h. 

Incip. — '^Fuit in Hibemia virgo quaedam, nomine Mod- 
" wenna." 

Expl. — *' Invocata sancta virgine Modwenna, statim dejecta 
" petra, diruptis vincuHs, confractoque ergastulo, liberatus est.** 

Printed in Capgrave's "Nova Legenda Angliae,** f. 234. 

According to this text, Modwenna was bom in Ireland, and 
daughter of King Naughthea. She was consecrated a nun by 
St. Patrick. She visited Hybar, a bishop of the Isles, and 
became an anchoress. Brigit and Orbila were among her flock. 
She performed various miracles. Alfred, son of Ethelwulf, 
visited her and was cured of an infirmity. She went to King 
Ethelwulf, who gave her lands and placed his sister Edith 



TO THE EAELY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN, 99 

under her. Modwenna founded a monAstery at Follesworth, A.D. 500. 
where she left Edith. She founded another at Streanschalh, 
and afterwards returned to Ireland* She built a church in Scot- 
land in the time of King Congal. She went three times to Borne 
barefoot. She erected a hermitage at Sealcliff-on«Trent|* now 
called Andredseye. She died in Ireland, aged 130 years. 
Colomkille settled a dispute between the English, Scotch, and 
Irish about her body, and it was conveyed to Andredseye. 

This is apparently an abridgment of Modwenna's Life, by 
Geoffirey of Burton, who seems to have made additions to the 
Life by Conchubranus. See No. 288. 



29 K Vita S. Modwennae. 

MS. Bodl. Tanner, 15. f. 423. velL folio, zv. cent 

/«c^.— "Fuit in Hybemia virgo quasdam, nomine Mod- 
" wenna." 
ExpL — '^Confractoque ergastulo, liberatus est." 



The following entries relating to Modwenna are in the 
" Catalogus MSS. AngUae et Hiberni» :"— 

292. Hymnus Sanctaa ModwennsB (alias Moinnese) 

Virginis. 

Vita ejusdem scripta a Concubrano, saeculi xiii scriptore. 

MS. Clarendon, 39. 
See N6. 287. 

293. Vita Sanctcs Modwennae Virginis. 

MS. Clarendon, 76. 

294. Vita S. Modwenes, lingua Gallicana vetere. 

MS. Bodl. Digby, 84. ff. 1-76. ▼ell. 8vo. dble. colg. xii. cent. 
Incip. — " Oez seignurs pur Deu nus pri, 
Cummunt li munz eit peri 
A la gloire dunt il chai, 
Par Jhesu Crist reverti." 



* Called also in other MSS. " Calvechif-on- Trent." 

G 2 



100 DEBGRIPnyS CATALOGUE OF 1CAN0SCRIPTS BELATING 

A.D. 500. ExpL — ** Li las dolent pnr sa medlee, 

A tant nos eret id finee, 
Ceate vertu et torminee. Amen.*' 
The poem contains aboat 10,360 lines. 
It is followed (ff. 76-80) by more verses, beginning — 
'' Grant mal fist Adam, 
Qaant pur le Saihan 
Entama le frnit, 
Mal cunseil le dona." 



<c 



295. Vita S. Modwennsd. 

MS. Loiudowne, 48S. ff. ia6b-181 b. yelL folia xir. cent 

Rubr^ — ^'Incipit de Sancta Modwenna Abbatissa virgine." 
/ftdp.— -^'Beata Modwenna yirgo de Convalleorum populo, 
Hibemiie filis Regis Aughthei procreata fait" 
SapL — ^''Poscentibus snbsidia praastantur optata.*' 
*^ Compilayit autem Vitam prsedictae virginis bona; memoriie 
<' Gaufridus Abbas Burtoniad, de qua compilatione praedicta 
** pauca excerpsi. Yirtutes vero multas alias et miracula, tarn 
^* in vita quam post mortem per eam facta^ qui amplius vidcre 
<< desiderat, compilationem prsedictam perlegat, et plurima 
" inveniet admiranda." 

** Ortum Modwennffi dat Hjbemiay Scotia finem, 

Anglia dat tumulum, dat Deus alta poli. 

Prima dat vitam, sed mortem terra secunda, 

Et terram terras tertia terra dedit. 
Aufert Longfortin quam terra Conallea profert, 
Felix Burtonia virginis ossa tenet." 
Ruhr, — " Explicit de Sancta Modwenna virgine." 
This is an abridgment of Geoffrej of Barton. See No. 288. 



296. Catalogus Sanctorum in Anglia pausantium et oriun- 
dorum, quorum Depositionum dies consequenter anno- 
tantur. Progreditur juxta ordinem Mensium, adeoque 
incipiens ab Edwardo Confeasore, 8 Eal. Januar. 
desinit in S. Thoma, Cant. 4to. Kal. Januar. Plurimos 
tamen ad calcem habet Sanctos extra ordinem positos, 
et demum prolixam satis S. Modvennae Vitam. 

MS. Lambeth. 99. 5. f. 187. 






TO THE EA&LY HISTORY OF GBEAT BBITAIN. 101 

A.D. 600? AJ).500? 

297. Vita S. Keynfie Virgmis. 

MS. Cott Tiber. R i. 17. £ 256 b-257. 

Incip. — '^Bcata enim Keyna virgo." 
Expi, — " Vitam artisBimam et Deo placentem duxit." 
Printed in Capgrave's *^ Nova Legenda AngliaB " (f. 204 b), 
and in the "Acta Sanctorum," iv. 275 (8 Oct.) 

St. Kejna^ the daughter of a Welsh prince, leaving her own 
country, became a recluse in a wood in Somersetshire^ near to 
the spot where now stands the town of Keynsham, which is 
said to have derived its name from her. She afterwards 
returned to and died in her own country, in the fifth or sixth 
century. This Life is first found in the " Sanctilogium ;" but 
the source of Tinmouth's article has not been discovered. 



298. Vita S. Keyii». 

MS. Bodl. Tanner, 15, fl 362. veil, folio, dble. coL xv. cent. 

Incip. — " Beata enim Quejma Virgo de regali prosapia in 
"Occidental! parte." 

Explicit, — " Vitam artissimam et Deo plicentem duxit." 

This is nearly the same text as that of the article last 
mentioned. 

See No. 38. 



299. De S. Keyna narratio brevis, auctore Jolianne de 

Tynemouth. 

MS. Bodl. 240, p. 583. 

Bubr. — "De Sancta Keyna Virgine, Johannes in Mar- 
*• tjrologio suo." 

Incip, — " Beata Keyna Virgo regali prosapia in Occidental! 
" parte Majoris Britannise." 

Explicit.^** Ad Dei laudem, et ejus castitntem venera- 
" bilem." 

This is either transcribed or abbreviated from John of 
Tinmouth's " Sanctilogium," 



102 DESCRIPTIV8 CATALOGUE OF MAKUSORIPTS RELATING 
A.D. 500. A.D. 600. 

300. Vita S. Pirani Episcopi et Confessoris, ad an. 500. 

MS. Ck>tt. Tiber. £. L £ 56-58 b. 

This occurs in "John of Tinmouth's Sanctilogium/' No. 35, 
alrcadj mentioned. 

/nct/i.— "Beatus autem Piranus, qui a quibusdam Keranus 
** vocatur." 

ExpL — " A Mousehole viginti quinque.** 

Printed in Capgrave*8 •* Nova Legenda Angliae,** f. 267. 

Piranus was born in Ossory^ in the time of St. Patrick. He 
went to Rome to study the Scriptures, and was there con- 
secrated Bishop. St. Patrick sent him back to Ireland : but 
not liking his office, he came to England, where he died, and 
was buried at Padstow. His commemoration day was the 5th 
of March. 

This Life is wholly worthless, on account of its marvellous 
absurdities. 

301. Vita S. Kiarani,* episcopi et confessorifl. 

Incip. — "Beatissimus Episcopus Kiaranus, Hibemias Sane- 
" torum primogenitus." 

JSxpL — " Secundum voluntatem suam migraverunt ad Christi 
" regnum, ubi fruuntur visione Sanctissimae Trinitatis, cui est 
" honor et gloria in ssecula sseculorum. Amen.** 

Printed in Colgan's " Acta Sanctorum Hiberniae," (5 March) 
i. 485, — " Ex Codice Kill Kenniense ;"t and collated with Cap- 
grave's text, the " Cod. Insulensis Monasterii," a MS. in the 
Irish language, and with "Lectiones Officii in festo Eierani.*' 

Eiaranus was contemporary with Declanus and S. Patrick, 
and is evidently the same personage as the S. Piranus last 
mentioned.! 

* S. Eiaran or Giaran, bishop of Saigir, irhose birth is placed by Usher 
in 352, must be distingmshed from S. Eieran, the abbot and foonder of 
Cluanmaenoise, irho was bom in 516. St Tri^r»n, the bishop here men- 
tioned, died in the 5th century, but as the year is miknown, it is placed at 
the end of that eentuTy. 

t There is a life of St. Kiatanus in a MS. belonging to Primate Mann 
of Dnblin, commonly called the Book of Kilkenny, probably the same as 
that referred to by Colgan. 

% Colgan observes that in Irish k is pronouneed as c ; and c and g are 
pronooneed as /> in Welsh ; henee, Eiaran, Queran, or Ciaran has changed 
into Fiaran or Piran. 



TO TH£ BABLT HISTOBT OF QHEkT BRITAIN. 103 

Kiaranufl is generally esteemed by the Irish as the first-born a«D. 500. 
of their Saints ; and according to John of Tinmouth he was 
one of the twelve bishops whom S. Patrick consecrated, to 
assist him in planting the Gospel in Ireland. He retired in 
his old age into Cornwall and led an eremitical life near 
Padstow, where he died ; and the spot is still called, in honor 
of him, Piran in the Sands, << Piran in Sabulis," or Peran- 
zabuloe. 



302. Vita S. Kiarani Episcopi. 

MS. Coll. Triii« Dublin, 792. 



303. Vita S. Elierani episcopi Saigerensis. 

Incip^^^^BesAuA Pontifex Keranus, Hjbernorum prime- 
" genitus." 

ExpL — '^Quatinus eo Duce ingredl mereamur aulam 
*^ aetemffi hsereditatis. Amen." 

Printed in the "Acta Sanctorum" (5 March), i. 894, "ex 
Codice olim collegii Hibernici societatis Jesu Salmantic89 ;" 
and in Colgan's " Acta Sanctorum Hibemise," i. 467. 



303 a. Vita S. Kerani Pontificis de Saygir. 

MS. BodL BawL B. 505. pp. 223-227. veil, folio, xiy. cent. 

/»<;^.-«"Beatn8 pontifex Keranus Hibernicorum." 
ExpL — **pervenerunt." 

A similar Life is in MS. BodL Bawl. B. 485. f. 247. veil. 4to. 
xir. cent 



A.D. 602. A.D. 502. 

304. Vita S. BriocL 

MS. BibL Pab. Bothomag. Ka 70. 

A Life of S. Brieuc is printed in the " Acta Sanctorum,'* 
i. 91 (1 May), " ex Officio proprio Ecclesise S. Brioci." 
Incip. — "Briocus nobilis genere ex gente Corriticianai'* 



lO-Jb DESCUIFriYE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCBIFTS BELATINO 

A.D. 502. JSxpL-^*^ In basilica SS. Sergii et Bacchi prope Andegavum 
*' coUocato, in hodiemum usque diem habitus sit." 

Brieuc was descended from illustrious parents in the pro- 
vince of Corriticiana, a locality not sufficiently identified. On 
the arrival of Germanus of Auxerre in Britain, in 429, Brieuc, 
then about 20 years of age, became his disciple, and returned 
with him into Franco, where he was ordained priest He re- 
turned into England and built a famous church, where he 
trained up several disciples. Several years afterwards he 
passed into Armorica, where he settled, and built a monastery. 
Ho died about Uie year 500, being upwards of 90 years of age. 
This piece is prolix in the extreme. 



AJ). 504. A.D. 504. 

304 a. Vita S. Winwaloci heremitsB usque ad annum 504. 

MS. Cott. Tiber. E. 1. f. 54. 

Incip, — " Fuit in Britannia vir quidam." 

ExpL — '^ floruit autem circa annum Domini quadragin- 
'* tesimum quinquagesimum nonum." 

This life is not in MS. Bodl. Tanner, 15. See No. 35. 

Abbreviated and printed in Capgrave*s ^'Nova Legenda.*' 
In the ''Acta Sanctorum,'* i. 245-260 (3 March), three 
different Lives are printed ; (1,) beginning (Prologue), '' I^audem 
'' Dei dicturi vita. (Life) ''Est regnum sub occiduo." (2.) 
" Ad exponendum vobis." (3.) "Britannia insula bonis 
" omnibus.*' 

It is also in Surius, 3 March, p. 38. 

Abbot Winwaloc was the son of Tracanus, a relative of 
Coton, king of Britain, who placed his son under the care of 
a holy man in Armorica for instruction. Winwaloc clears the 
country of snakes. He repeated the whole Psalter through 
daily, and was finally buried in his monastery. 

In the "Historia Aurea Johannis Anglici" (MS. Bodl. 
240, MS. C.C.C. Cant 5, 6, and 7, and MS. Lambeth, 10, 
11, and 12) there occurs a life of St. Winwaloc, which is much 
longer than that in Capgrave's " Nova Legenda Anglise.'* 



TO THE £ARLY HISTORY OF QBE AT BKITAIN* 105 

A.D. 618. A.D. 518. 

305. Vita S. Tigernachi Episcopi HibemisD (de Clua- 

nacois). 

MS. Salmantioens in Bibl. Dacum Bargund, ap. Brnzel. 

Ineip, — ^* Venerabilis Frsesul Tigernacus regali ox progcnio 
** n&tuBf nepoa Echachi regis." 

JSxpL — '*Ubi percnni perstruitur gloria, in saecala ssccu- 
" lomm. Amen." 

Printed in ''Acta Sanctorum/' i. 401 (5 April), from three 
MSS. 

Tigomacb was the son of Corbre, a famous general, and 
Dearfrajcb, daughter of an Irish King named Echachil. lie 
was baptized by Conlath bishop of Kildare, by command of 
St. Brigit, who was his godmother. In his youth he was 
seized by pirates and carried into Britain : whero he fell into the 
hands of a British King, who placed him in a monastery. He 
afterwards returned into Ireland, and was chosen bishop of 
Clogher, about the year 506. He founded the monastery of 
Cluanois, where he fixed his episcopal seat. 

This piece is supposed to have been written after the con- 
quest of Ireland by the English (Brit. Eccl. Antiq. p. 445). 
Tigernach probably died about 518, but Usher supposes it to 
have been as late as 550. 



305 a. Vita S. Tigemaci. 

MS. BodL Bawl. B. 505. pp. 12-16. veil. fol. xiv. cent. 

Subr, — ^'Incipit vita Tygernaci Episcopi et Confessoris." 
Inc^, — ** Venerabilis prassul Tigernacus." 
Expl. — ** perfrui donee beata gloria. Amen." 
A similar Life is given in MS. Bodl. BawL B. 485 f. 187, 
velL 4to. xiv. cent. 



A.D. 623. AD. 523. 

306. Vita S. Brigidee, auctore anonymo.* 

MS. Eccles. S. Audomari. 
/nctjp. — '* Fuit qutdam vlr nobilis Laginensis genero Dub-< 
" tachus." 

* Colgan attribates this biography to S. Ultanos BpiBCopoB. Ultanus 
Mae Coneabar was Bishop of Ardbraean. He died about 655. 



106 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANTTSCBIPTB RELATING 

A.D. 628. Expl. — '^ Nunc gaudia cum Chrisio possidet sempitemay 
** cui cam Deo Fatre et Sancto Spiritu manet honor et lauB et 
** gloria per cancta saeculorum saecula. Amen." 

Printed in the "Acta Sanctorum "(1 Feb.), i. 11^-135, from 
the above MS. belonging to the Church of S. Omer, collated 
with " MS. Monasterii Ripensis siye Am-Hof/' near Ratisbon. 
The Editor had previously sent a copy to Colgan, which he 
printed, after having collated it with others ("Cum MS. 
" Atrebatensi S. Autberti, et Hibemico monasterii Insuls 
" Sanctorum in Comitatu Langfordifle, alioque Carthusi® 
" Coloniensis **), Bollandus says that there is another copy 
" in monasterio Dunensi; Brugis.'' He here remarks on the 
unsatisfactory character of Irish legends generally. 

It is also printed in Colgan, ii. 627-542, ** ex MS. Codice 
" Monasterii S. Magni Ratisbonie.'' 

The ending in Colgan's edition differs from that in the " Acta 
" Sanctorum," and other variations between the two texts 
exist. There is also much here that is not in Cogitosus. 

Colgan also inserts two hymns to St Brigit, which are 
not in the "Acta Sanctorum.*' 

All the histories of Brigit's life are filled with fables, 
prodigies, and puerilities, without order and without discre- 
tion. According to Bollandus, she was born about 453. 
Her death is placed from 490 to 523. 



806 a. Vita S. BrigidsB. 

MS. Bodl. BawL B. 505. pp. 193-207. foL velL xiv. cent. 

Incip. — " Erat quidam vir nobilis, Lagenensis genere." 
Exph—*^ praBmisit" 

A similar Life is given in MS. Bodl. Rawl., B. 485. f. 134. 
veil. 4to. xiv. cent. 



307. Vita S. BrigidfiB Virginis, auctore, ut creditur, 

CogitoBO. 

MSS. Cameracen. WibUng. Treveiens. 

Incip. ProL — ^'Me cogitis, Fratres, ut Sanctce ac beata 
<' memoris Brigidas virginis." 
Jncy. Fito.— " Sancta itaque Brigida." 



TO THE EARLY HISTOBY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 107 

Exph — ** Orate pro me Cogitoso,* ncpote eulpabili, et ut AJ). 523. 
*' oratione vestra pio Domino me commendetiB exoro ; et 
'^ Deus vos pacem Evangelicam sectantes exaudiat." 

Printed in the ««Acta Sanctorum" (1 Feb.), i. 135-141, 
from a MS. belonging to Freudhome, a Canon of Arras, col- 
lated ^^cum MSS. monasteriorum S. Maximini, Treveris, 
'* Wiblingensis in Suevia, Bodicensis in Westphalia, cumque 
" editionibus Canisii e MS. Aistadiano, et Joannis Colgani 
" ex MSS. S. Huberti et S. Amandi." 

It is also printed in Colgan, ii. 618-524, ex MS. Cod. S. 
Amandi ; by Canisias, Antiq. Lection., v. 624 ;')' and by Mes- 
singham in his ^ Florilegium," p. 189. 

The period at which Cogitosus flourished is not certain. 
His age is placed bj Oudinus in 530 ; in the sixth century by 
Ware (" de Scriptoribus Hibcrniae"), on the supposition that 
he was " nepos " of St. Briget, who died circa 523, because, at 
the end of his work, he writes, '^ Orate pro me Cogitoso, nepote 
" culpabiU.** 

Dempster, however, says, that some authority, not given, 
is of opinion that Cogitosus lived in the year 1023 ; but this 
must be a mistake, as Cogitosus himself says that he was an 
eye-witness of an event he is relating. 



307 a. Vita S. Brigidro. 

MS. Bodl. Fell 8. ff. 108-1 16b. veil. fol. xi. cent 

jR«^r.— '* Incipit Vita sanctse Brigidae Virginis, quod est 
« Kal. Februarii." 

Incip, — "Me cogitis, fratres, ut sanctas ac beatffl memorise 
" BrigidaB.'* 

Expl. — *< exoro Evangelicam sectantes exaudiat." 

Colophon.--*' Explicit Vita Sanctae Brigidse. 



* Some M88. of tfaif tract end differently, and omit the voida, « Orate 
" pro me Cogitoso.'' In cap. 7 the author asserts that he was an eye-witness, 
and yet in the prologue he says that he derived his information from his 
elders. 

t This edition has been reprmted by the Abbe Migne (Fatrologi« Cnrsna 
Gompletns). 



108 DESCfilFTIVK CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 523. 308. Vita S. BrigittaB Yirginb Scottee^ auctore Cogitoso. 

MS. BibL YalliceUaii. ap. Romam. Tom. xzi. fE: 203-S07. foL yell. 

ix. cent. 

Incip. Imperf, — ^' at cum ipsa non posset reddere." 
Exph — '' Orate pro me Cogitoso ncpote, culpabili haedo, ct ut 
'^ audacise mea indolgeatis atque orationum vestrarum cl/peo 
** me Domino commendetis cxoro." .... 
The remainder is wanting. 



309. Vita S. Brigidae, auctore Cliilieno monacho (metrice). 

MS. Montis Cassinens. 283. veil. 4to. x. cent 

Incip. ProL — " Finibus occiduis describitur optima tcUus." 

Incip, Vita. — '^Quadam namque die gonitrix dum forte 
" sedebat." 

ExpL — ^^ Multis, ut fertur, vicinis atque puellis. . . .*' 

Imperfect at the end. 

Printed in the "Acta Sanctorum" (1 Feb.), i. 141-155, 
and in Colgan, ii. 582-596, "ex MS. Cassinensi," collated with 
MSS. in the Vatican Library. 

The MS. Montis Cassinensis ascribes the piece to " Chilicnus 
'^Monachus Inis-Kcltrahensis." The author is of later date 
than Colgan thought, he attributing it to S. Coclan, who died 
in 750. It is mutilated and abounds in errors. 



310. Vita S. Brigidfle^ auctore anonymo. 

MS. Hugoms Warde. 

Inc^, Prol, — " Tribus jam fratres mei." 

Inctp, Vita. — "Fuit gloriosus rex in Hibernia, nomine 
" Fcidlimidh." 

EapL Vita. — "Ubi sibi pra^starentur sctema prasmia a 
" Domino nostro Jcsu Christo, qui cum Deo Patre et Spiritu 
" Sancto vivit Dorainator, et regnat Deus, per omnia specula 
*• saeculorum." 

Printed in the "Acta Sanctorum" (1 Feb.), i. 145-171, 
and by Colgan, ii. 546-563. It was communicated to the 
editors of both those works by Hugh Ward. Usher often 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 109 

cites it as the anonymous or inedited Life, in two books. A.D. 523. 
The author lived before 1152. It may possibly have been 
Animosus, Bishop of Kildaro, to whom Colgan attributes it. 
It contains much matter illustratiyo of the early state and 
history of Ireland. 

Colgan states that 22 chapters are wanting ; i.e., those 
between c. 12 and c. 34. 



311. Yita S. Brigidae, auctore Lanreniio Dunelmensi. 

MS. Salmanticensifl. 

Indp, — ^Imperfect at the beginning, but the first words are 
" Verbis in virum amaris." 

ExpL — "In perpetuum possidens Deum; qui in unitate 
** trinus, et unus in Trinitate vivit, et gaudet, ct gloriatur, 
'^ ipse quidem vita, gaudium et gloria Sanctorum omnium, 
" per omnia sascula sseculorum. Amen." 

Printed in the **Acta Sanctorum" i. 172-185, (1 Feb.), 
and in Colgan, ii. 567-582. This life is ascribed by Bol- 
landus and Colgan to Laurentius of Durham, on the authority 
of Bale and Fits from Leland.* 

Bollandus copied it from a MS. of the Irish Jesuits of 
Salamanca then in his own possession, and from him Colgan 
had the copy which he published. The beginning is wanting, 
but the deficiency can be supplied from English MSS. Tanner 
(Bibliotheca, p. 472) cites a MS. in Balliol College, 206 (? 226), 
and another in the Bodleian, Laud., F. 15, (now Laud. Misc. 
668) which contain perfect copies. Tanner also agrees with 
Bollandus in ascribing this life to Laurentius, who died in 
France in 1154. 



* The Editors of the ••Acta Sanctorum/' i. 102 (Feb. 1), state:— 
** Scripeeram enim jam ante Lanrentiam Dandmensem yideri, qui (at ex 
** LeUmdo tradit Baheaa, ex hoc Fitaeiu ac Vossius) Yitam S. BrigidsB 
" prosa scripeit** Bale and Pita both say that Laurentius of Durham 
wrote a prose life of St Brigid : Leland, however, (De Script Brit 
Comment, p. 204,) makes no mention of, or allusion to, his having written 
a life of Brigit 



110 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RBLATINQ 

A.D. 5S3« 312. Vita S. BrigittaD Yirginis a Laureniio Dunelmend 

Latine reddita. 

MS. BodL Land. Misc. 668 (1052), f. 106. yell 4to. zii cent 

Ruhr. — '< Incipit Episiola Laurontii ad amicum 8uum Ethel* 
" redum." 

Incip, EpisL — '' Licet inexplicabili quodam laberintho." 

Ruhr. — " Incipit Vita Sanctse^BrigidaB virginis." 

Incip. Vita. — " Fructificante in diversis." 

This is one of the MSS. to which Tanner refers. See 
No. 31h 



313. S. Brigidee Vita per Laurentium Dunelmenseniy 
pncvia Epistola ad Ethelredum Dispensatorem. 

MS. Coll. Balliol. ccxxyi. t 86-94. yea fol dble. col. xiil cent 

Incip. Epist — '^ Licet inexplicabili quodam labjrintho.'* 
Incip. Vita. — " Fructificante in diversis." 

This is the other MS. to which Tanner refers. See No. 311. 



314. De Sancta Brigida Yiigine. 

MS. Cott Tiber. E. i. ff. 83*^4. 



.1^ » 



Incip. — " Vir quidam in Hibemia,' 

Expl. — ''Circa annum Domini quingentcsimum octavum 
" decimum, kalendis Februarii, migravit ad Dominum.*' 

This is in the " Sanctilogium of John of Tinmouth ** (see 
No. 35), and printed in Capgrave's " Nova Lcgenda Anglias," 
ff. 48b-59 b, apparently from the work of Cogitosus. 



316. Vita S. Brigida3. 

MS. BodL Tanner, 15. f. 86. 

Incip. — " Vir quidam in Hybemia." 

ExpL — " migravit ad Dominum.'* 

Apparently the same Life as the preceding one (No. 314). 



TO THE EABLT HISTOBT OP GBEIT BKITAIN. Ill 

316. Vita S. Brigidse Virgmis. A.D. 523. 

MS. Cott Kero, S. i. 29, ff. 134 b'140. 

2iubr, — ** Incipit Vita Sanctas Brigidas virginis, quae est 
" kalendis Februarii." 

Ineip*-^^^ Me cogitis, fratres, ut Sanctae ac beatae mcmorias 
« Brigid».'» 

ExpL — ^'Et Deas omnes pacem exoro Evangelicam sec- 
'^ tantibus exaudiat." 

Colophon. — " Explicit Vita Sancta^ Brigidae." 

The same, except in a few verbal variations, as that printed 
in the "Acta Sanctorum," (1 Feb.), i. 129- 



317. De Sancta Brigida. 

MS. C.C.C.Cant 145. yell. sm. fot xir. cent 

Incip, — '^ Sein Bride that holi maide of Irlonde was." 
ExpL — '^ God lete us alle forthuth hur to the joie of hevene 
" wende.'* 
This is apparently a composition of Robert of Gloucester. 



318. Life of S. Brigid (English). 

MS. BodL 779(2567),ff. 1271>.-128b. paper, folio, xv. cent. 

Ruhr. — " Seint Bride the holi virgine." 
Incip, — " Seint Bryde the holy mayde of Erlonde Jhe was.*' 
Expl.^'^^ Suth hit by ful the afterward that this mayde 
" cholde." 
The remainder is wanting. 
It is nearly the same text as that of Nos. 317 and 319. 



319. Life of S. Brigid, by Robert of Gloucester. 

MS. Ashmole 43. £ 15-18 b. Tell. 8to. ciica A.D. 1300. 

Incip. — " Seyn Bride the holi maide of Hirlonde was." 
Apparently the same text as Nos. 317 and 318. 



112 DESCBIPnYE CATiOOanE OF MANUSCBIPTS BELATIKQ 

A.D. 523. 319 a. Life of S. Bride. 

MS. Bod].;,TaDiier, 17, f. 12. yelL foL xy. cent 

Ineip» — ^ Seint Bride the holy maide of Irlonde was." 

ExpL — ^ God lete us alle forth with hire to joje of Heven 
" wende." 

Nearly the same text as that of the last three articles, 
Nos. 317, 318, and 319. 

There is an illamination of S. Bride in this MS., fairly 
executed. 



319 6. Seynt Bryde. 

lilS. BodL Land. Misc. 463 (1596), ff. 6-9 velL fi>l. xIt. cent. 

Incip. — " Scint Bryde the holy maide 
Of Yrlond was." 



320. Vita S. Brigidse. 

MS. Bodl. T^aud. Misc. 108 (1486), ft 93b>94b veil. fol. xiy. cent 

Incip, — '^ Seint Bride of heize men, in Scotland heo cam 
'^ Of richc men and of gret power : in lawe of Cristindom.'* 



321. Vita S. Brigidffi. 

MS. Harl. 2800, 28, ff. 74 b-83 b. 

Ruhr, — ** Incipit Vita Sanctas Brigldse virginis.*' 
Incip, — «'Fuit quidam vir nobilis Laginensis genere." 
ExpL — "Ubi praemia setema praestantur per Dominum 
'^ nostrum Jesum Christum, regnantom cum Patre et Spiritu 
^* Sancto per omnia saecula Sfficulorum. Amen." 
Colophon. — "Finit Vita SanctaB Brigidxe virginis." 



322. Legenda in Festo S. Brigittae. 

M& Arundel 198. f. 19 b. 

Incip, — ^'Beata Brigida, in Scotia nata." 

ExpL — " migravit ad Dominum." 

A short lection, of no value whatever. 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 113 

323. Vita S. Brigidae. ^^^ ^^.i 

MS. Lambeth, 94, 18. f. 155. 



324. Vita et Miracula S. Brigittie, 

MS. EccL Lincoln, folio. 
See Haenel Catalog. Libr. MSS. p. 799. 



325. Legenda de S. Brigida. 

Ex Breyiario Aberdonensi, ed. 1509. 

Incip, — ^' Sancta Brigida, quam Deus prsesciyit.'* 

Expl, — '' Post multa talia admiranda, Brigida inigrayit ad 
" Dominum." 

Printed in the ** Acta Sanctorum," i. 118 (1 Feb.). 

The Breviary of Aberdeen has been reprinted, under the 
Editorship of the Bov. William Blew, in two volumes, 4to. 
double columns. 



326. Hymnus de Virtutibus et Miraculis, seu Vita S" 
Brigidae, Kildarensis Abbatissse, et Hibernise FatronsB, 
a S. Brogano* rytlimo Hibernico composita ^t in 
Latinum ad sensum littene versa. 

Incip, — *' Non dilexit Brigida victoriosa mundum." 
ExpL — " Quarum patrocinio imitamur singuli." 
Printed by Colgan, ii. 616, in the Irish character, with a 
Latin translation. 



327. Vita S, BrigidaB, Scoticd-Mutila. 

MS. InsuL apod Claudium Dorcsmienlx. 
See '^Bibliotheca Belgica Manuscripta," p. 266. 



* ** Author S.Broganns flomit tempore Lngadii, regis Hibemis, et Aludi 
'* filii Danlaing, Regis JjOgenife, si credimns authori pnefationis, ejusoperi 
" praDfixsc. Verius tamen est qaod scripsit tempore Marchertacy Regis 
** Ilibemifli, circa annam 527." 

H 



114 DESCBIPTIYE CATALOGUE OF HAKUSCRIFrS BELATINa 

A.D. 523. 328. Life of Brigid 

MS. Phillipfl. 10294. Bra paper, xiz. cent Copy of a MS. beloDging to 

the Duke of Deyonahire. 



S29. Yita S. Brigidaa, auctore Hugbaldo, monacho 

Elnonensi. 

MS. Ccenob. Elnonensis, 251. 
See ^'Bibliotheca Belgica Manascripta." 



330. Vita S. Brigidee. 

MS. ClarendoD. 65. £ 4. 



331. De S. Brigida. 

MS. Trtn. Coll. Bablin. 290. 



332. Miracula B. Biigida). 

MS. TriiL Coll. Dublin. 647. 



333. Vita S. Brigidje. 

MS. Trin. Coll. Dublin, 647. 
A transcript from the Cottonian MS. Nero, E. i. (No. 316). 

334. Vita ejusdem Brigidse. 

MS. Trin. ColL Dublin, 647. 

A transcript from the Ratisbone MS. next mentioned, with 
emendations by Usher. 

335. Vita S. Brigidte. 

MS. Begensburg. 



336. Vita S. BrigittaB fragmentum. " Hujus vifae aiictor 
est, ni fallor, Hugbaldus Elnonensis Monacbus." 

MS. Bibl. du Hoi, 2999. 3. olim Lc Tellier. Tell. xi. cent 



337. Vita S. Brigidro Virginia. 

MS. Bibl. du Hoi. 3788. 42. olim Colbert yell. xiL cent 



338. Vita S. Brigidffi Virginia. 

MS. Bibl. du Hoi. 3800. a. 7. olim de Betbune. veil. xiii. cent 



TO THE BABLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 115 

839. Vita Sanct© Brigid®. ^^. 523- 

MS.Bibl. daBol 5269. 21. olim Faarian. yeU. ziv. cent. 



340. Vita S. Brigidae Virginis. 

MS. Bibl. da BoL 5278. 28. oKm Colbert yell. ziiL and xiy. cent 



341. Vita S. Brigidae Virginis. 

MS. BibL da Boi. 5292. 48. olim Colbert yell. ziii. cent 



342. Vita S. Brigidae Virginis, 

MS. BibL da Boi. 5318. 60. olim Bigot yell. xiii. cent 



343. Vita S. Brigidae Virginis. 

MS. Bibl. da Boi 5352. 1. olim Colbert yeU. xiy. cent. 



344. Vita Brigitse. 

MS. Fetayii in Vaticana, 507. 



345. Vita S. Brigidae. 

MS. BibL Monast. S. Audoeni Botbomag. 104. 



346. Vita Brigidte. 

MS. Monast de Becco, 128. 



347. Vita S. Brigidae. 

MS. Vatican, 4872. 
MS. Vatican, 6074. 
MS. Vatican, 6075. 



348. Vita S. Brigittae. 

MS. Vallicellan. ap. Bom. H. 12. f. 195. 
MS. Vallicellan. ap. Rom. H. 25. f. 43. 
MS. Vallicellan. ap. Bom. H. 28. f. 105. 



349. Vita S. Brigitt®. 

MS. Palatin. 863. 



H 2 



116 DE8CRIPnVK CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.D, 523. 860. Vita S. Brigidse. 

MS. laurentianiB Mediceic in Civit Florentise, ir, 323. ood. zx. 



351. Vita S. Brigid^. 

MS. Monast S. Gialeni in Cella. 
A.D, 627. A.D. 627. 

362. Vita S. Albei, Archiepiscopi et Confessoris. 

MS. Trin. Coll. Dublin. 653. 

No. 793 of the «' Catalogus MSS. Angliaa et Hiberniae." 



362a. Vita S. Albei. 

£x MS. Kilkennicnsu* 

Incip^ — ^'Albeus virorum Mumenensium pater beatissi- 
'' muSy ac totius Hiberniae insulae post S. Patricium secandus 
'^ patronaSf ortus est ex orientali parte regionis Cliach, qase 
'' est in Mummonia. In Elise Carolinae territorio natus." 

Albeus was converted to the Christian faith in his youth, 
and visited Rome, whence he was sent into Ireland, many years 
before St. Patrick preached in that country. Ho was con- 
secrated Bishop at the request of Hilarius. He afterwards 
was made the first Archbishop of Munster, by Stl Patrick. 
King ^ngusa having bestowed the isle of Arran on Albeus, 
he founded a Monastery there, which became famous for 
the sanctity of its inmates. 

He died on the 12 Sept. 527, and was buried at Emly 
C' Annales Inisfallen " ad an. 527.) 

The Editors of the ''Acta Sanctorum," iv. 26 (12 Sept.), 
give an historical criticism of his Life, but do not print it. 
There seem to have been more than one Life written of St. 
Albeus. Colgan mentions two MSS., viz. the Codex Kilken- 
niensis and the Codex Inisensis, and the Editors of the '^ Acta 
'' Sanctorum ^ mention the Codex Salmanticensis (now in the 
library of the Dukes of Burgundy at Brussells), as containing 
Lives of St. Albeus. 

* There is a life of St Ailbeus in a MS. belonging to Primate Marsh of 
Dablin, commonly called the *' Book of Kilkenny f it is probably the 
same as that mentioned by Colgan. 



TO THE EARLY HISTOBY OP QBEAT B&ITAIN. 117 

A.D. 530 * A.D. 530. 

363. De Sancio Justiniano Martyre et Monaclio. 

MS. Cott Tiber. £. i. ff. 298 b>299 b. 
Incip, — " Sanctus enim Justinianus.'' 
JExpL — ** In sarcophago novo honorifice collocavit." 
This piece is printed in Capgravo, and from that work 
inserted in the " Acta Sanctorum," i v. 635 (23 Aug). The 
Life does not appear in any author anterior to John of Tin- 
mouth. 

Justinian was born in Britannj. He is invited to come to 
St David^ and is made his confessor ; he leads an eremitical 
life in the Island of Lemeneia, now called Birdscy, where he 
is beheaded ; his body being finally conveyed to St. David s. 



AD. 635. A.D. 635. 

354. Vita S. Mochtsei de Hibernia. 

MS. olim SalmanticensiB. Tellum. 
Incip. — *•' Apostolicus pontifex Mochtseus." 
JSxpL — " Felicitcr obdormivit cum cseteris sanctsB Ecclesias 
" pastoribus, resurrecturus in gloria Christi, cui cum Patre 
" et Spiritu Sancto, est honor et gloria in ssecula so^culorum. 
*» Amen." 

Printed in the *' Acta Sanctorum/' iii. 743 (19 Aug), 
Mochteus» or Mochta Lugh, a Briton, is said to have been a 

disciple of St Patrick, and became the first bishop of Louth. 

He died in 535. 
The piece is, to a great extent, quite fiibulous* 



Circa 640. ^ l>. 5^^^ 

355. De S. Petroco Abbate et Confesaore. 

MS. Cott. Tiber. E. i. ff 172b.-174. 

Incip, — " Beatus enim Petrocus natione Cumber." 
J5ar/>/.— "Meruit pridie nonas Junii." 
Printed in the " Acta Sanctorum " i. 400 (4 June), " ex 
** MS. Cod. Rubeie Vallis " and Capgrave, f. 266. 

* The Editors of the ** Acta Sanctorum '' assign the year 530 or 540 to 
Justinian. 



118 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIJ^TS RELATING 

A.D. 540. Abbot Petroc was by descent a Cumbrian (? Cornubian). Ho 
goes to Ireland, returns to Britain, meets with a Saint named 
Sampson,* goes to Rome, returns to Cornwall, goes again to 
Home and to Jerusalem, and finally returns to Britain. 



A.D. 544. A I). 6*4. 

356. Vita R David, qui et Dewi, Episcopi et Coufessoris. 

MS. Cott Yespas. A. xiy. S, 60-69bi. Tell. 4to. xu. oeot 

Ruhr. — "Incipit Vita beati David, qui et Dowi, Episcopi et 
Confessoris, Kalendas Martii." 

Incip, — *^ Dominus noster^ quamvis omnes sues ante consti- 
*^ tutionem mundi dilexit." 

ExpL — " sine fine Deo collocent, qui est bencdictus super 
" omnia Deus, in ssecula s^culorum. Amen.'' 

Colophon. — '^ Explicit Yita Sancti David Episcopi et Con- 
*' fessoris." 

This Life bj Ricemarc is followed by a section entitled '' De 
genealogia Sancti David" commencing '^Incipit genealogia 
Sancti David*' and ending '* Eugen filius sororis Manae." 

Ricemarc*s Life of St David is abridged and printed in 
Capgrave's <' Legenda Nova " (ff. 82 b-85 b). The author has 
thought it necessary to detail the miraculous incidents on the 
birtb of Archbishop David, which need not be referred to here. 
He was the son of Santus and Nonnita, and was educated by 
Paulent, a disciple of SL Germanus, " in tribus partibus tec- 
'* tionis, donee fuit scriba/ He founds twelve monasteries ; and 
punishes, but afterwards pardons, Baia, who had molested him. 
(Baia's wife had sent her female attendants to tempt David's 
companions,! but to no purpose.) He builds a monastery 
(forming regulations for its government) which becomes very 
celebrated, and where^ among many others, Constantine, King 



* Sampson seems intended for Samson, bishop of Dol, but there Is nothhig 
to identify him but the name. 

t She tells them : — ** Ut impudicos excrceant lados ; concubitos simulent : 
** blandos amoris neziu ostendant Monachorum mentes, qnomndam ad 
" libidines pertrahant, quorondam mole^tent*' 






TO THE EABLY HISTORY OF OBEAT BRITAIN. 119 

of Cornwall, ended his dajs. Aidan» one of David's disciples, A.D. 544. 
sends Scutinus from Ireland to warn David against poison. 
Modomnoc returns to Ireland, followed hy bees sent bj St. 
David, these being the first that could live in Ireland. David, 
with Eliud or Theliau, and Paternus, goes to Jerusalem, and is 
consecrated hy the Patriarch. He returns and holds a Synod 
at Brevi against the Pelagians, and is made Archbishop of St. 
David's. He holds another synod, called ^ Synodus Victorise,'* 
which establishes the Roman observances in Britain for ever 
afterwards. He dies on the 1st March,, aged 147. 

Ricemarc collected his materials for the Life of David from 
various sources, and has here produced a prolix and affected 
work ; the foundation, however, of all subsequent biographies 
of that Saint. He was himself Bishop of St, David's, and died 
about the year 1096 or 1099. (See Annal. Menov. MS. Harl. 
838.) 

In this Life there is no mention whatever of King Arthur. 



357. Vita Sancti David Episcopi, qui patria lingua vocatur 

Dewid, quae est Kalendis Martii. 

MS. BibL Pub. Cant F£ 1, 27. 28. ff. 618-635b. veil xiiL cent 

Iticip.-^^^ Dominus noster quamvis omnes suos ante DUiodi 
*' eonstitationem dilexit " 

ExpL — ^' Mihi autem qui Richemarchus nominor . • • in 
*' terra coelesti portaB atrium conspecto sine fine Deo locaverint, 
*' qui est benedictus super omnia Deus in sfiecula sseculorunL 
« Amen." 

See further upon this legend in Wharton's '^ Anglia Sacrsp'* 
il. p. XXV. and p. 628. 

The Life in the '' Acta Sanctoram," from the Utrecht H6. 
(No. 359), appears to be by the same author, though the present 
MS. begins with the second sentence in the latter. It is ap- 
parently an abbreviation of the Gottonian MB. Yespas. A. xiv. 
See also ^Mon. Hist. Brit/' General Introd. p« 27. n^ L 



120 DESCJUPTIYE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS BELATIKO 

A.D. 544. 358. Vita S. Davidis, Archiepiscopi Menevensis, per Rice- 

marchum monachum. 

MS. Cott Nero, £. L ff. 364-^68. velL large ful zi. cent 
MS. BodL 793. (2641.) ff. 221-236. velL long 8ro. zu. cent 

Incip, — *' Dominus noster, quamvis omnes suos." 
ExpL — ^* Sine fine Deo coUocentur, qui benedictus super 
** omnia Deus in ssecula sseculorum. Amen." 
The author gives his name near the end. 



359. Yita S. Davidis Archiepiscopi Menevensis. 

Ma Ultn^ectm. 

Incip, — ** Sanctus, quom tinctio baptismi David, vulgus 
'' autem Dewi clamat." 

Escpl. — '^ Corpus ejus k fratribus et populo honorifice in sua 
** civitatc sepultum continuis coruscat miraculis.*' 

This Life is printed in the ''Acta Sanctorum*' (1 March), 
i. 41. The MS. used hj the Bollandists, and which thej 
considered the best, belonged to the Church of St Saviour 
at Utrecht, having been originally brought from Britain. It 
is not cited bj Usher, Colgan, or others. The next best MS. 
they considered to be that from wliich Colgan printed (viz., 
the MS. of the Bishop of Ossorj), of which a transcript 
had been previouslj communicated to them hj Hugh Ward. 
This they do not print entire, but give an extract from it in 
Appendix I., and another from Harpsfield, *^ Historia Anglicana 
'' Ecclesiastica," in App. II., and a third from Capgrave, in 
App. III. 

This Life is abridged from Bicemarc, from a copy like that 
in (MS. Bibl. Publ. Cant Ff. i. 27). Proper names, however^ 
are much mangled. It says that David died at 120 years of 
age, and it stops short at his death ; whereas Bicemarc inserts 
a long lamentation for him, and his own conclusion. It also 
calls David, Dewi. Bicemarc calls him '' David agios." 



360. Vita S. Davidis Episcopi Menevensis. 

Ms. BodL Bawl. B. 505. pp. 217-223. veil* fol. xiv. cent 
MS. Bodl. Bawl. B. 485. f. 111. veil. 4to. ziy. cent 

Jftci/7.— '* Dominus noster Jesus Christus, quamvis Sanctos 
'^ sues ante mundi constitutionem dilexit.'* 



i 



TO THE EARLY HISTOBY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 121 

ExpL — ^' Conditum sepultura in civitate sua, Spiritu cum a.D. 544. 
** Christo regnante, cui honor et gloria in sdscula sseculorum. 
« Amen." 

Printed in Colgan's ''Acta Sanctorum Scotise sen Hiberniasy" 
i. 425-429, from MS. Routh Episcopus Ossoriensis. It ap- 
pears to be an abridgment of MS. Cott Yespas. A. xiv. 
(No. 356.) 



361. S. David EpUoopi in WaUia Vita. 

MS. Reg. 13. C. 1. fL 171-174. paper. 4to. xyu. cent. 

Ittcip, — " De miraculoso viro." 

ExpL — '' Similiter supplicationibus pater evasit." 



362. Fragmentum, ut videtur, YiisB Sancti Davidis 

Meneyensis Archiepiscopi. 

MS. Harl. 310. t 166. paper. 4to. zvii. cent 

Incip. — '' .... firmarent. Tandem adoptse." 
ExpL — '* Clara voce praedicat omnes . . . ." 
A single leaf, written in a hand of the I7th centur}-, be- 
ginning and ending abruptlj* 



363. Passio^ ni fallor, S. Davidis et S. Margaretee 

(WaUice). 

MS. Cott. Tiber. D. xzii. £ 136-182. TeH. 8to. 

Incip. — ^<« Davyd vab Sant." 

ExpL — ** Ax gaffel trugared rac llab. Amen.*^ 



364. Excerpta ex Vita S. Davidis. 

MS. Lambeth. 585. f. 61. 



122 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MAKUSCRIFrS RELATING 

AJ). 644. 365. De Vita et Miraculis S. Davidis. 

MS. CoIL Jeta, Oxon, cxix. f. 91. 

Tit, — '^ Historia yn honn a dwir kyae gyrlao, vriched^ ada 
** unwir ymporth yr eneit." 
Incip, — " Tr^cther bellach am dwjvajl.** 



366. Giraldi Cambrensis Historia de Vita S. Davidis 

Archiepiscopi Menevensis. 

MS. Cott Vitell. E. yu. (desideratnr in Catalogo.*) 

Incip, Proamium,^^** Yitam S. David Archiepiscopi, qucm 
" Yulgares Dewi dicunt." 

Incip. Vita. — ^* Beatus itaqno David ingenuiB natalibus 
" ortus." 

Expl, — ^^quandoque volumen exteiident." 

Printed in the ** Anglia Sacra,'' ii. p. 628, from this MS. 

In the Preface the author states that he has been importuned 
to compose the Life of David hj the canons of St* David's ; he 
does not, however, purpose following servilely the ancient and 
nearly obsolete Life of that Saint, but intends changing both 
the language and arrangement, retrenching or adding wherever 
he shall find it necessary. 

This Life is little more than an abridgment of Rioemarc, 
often retaining his very words, with a few additions of no 
importance. The alterations are chiefly confined to softening 
down the ruder and plainer language of the ancient Life. 



367. Vita S. Dewi. 

MS. Bodley Digby. 112. t 99-114 b. velL 4to. xiiL eent 

Bulr, — ." Incipit Vita Sancti Dewi Archiepiscopi.** 

Incip. — ^* Dominus noster, quamvis omnes sues ante mundi 
" constitutionem dilexit." 

ExpL — " sine fine Deo, qui est benedictus super omnia 
'' Deus in ssecula saeculorum. Amen.'' 

Apparently the same as MS. Cott Vespas. A. xiv. (No. 366). 

* This MS. wta bumt m the ife of 1731. 



TO TUB £ABLY HI3T0HY OF OUEAT BRITAIH. 123 

368. Vita S. Davidia ^°' ^*' 

MS. BodL Tanner, 15. f. 139. yelL foL dble. cols. xv. cent. 
Incip, — " Sanctus enim David quern vulgus Dwi appellat/* 
ExpL — " De tumba ejus erumpens ostcndat." 
This is an abridgment of MS. Cott. Yespas. A. xiv., with 

a verj few slight insertions^ and two late miracles added at the 

end. It is also in Capgravo's *' Nova Legenda." 



369. Giraldi Cambrensis de Vita Davidis Menevensis 
Episcopi Historia; ex pervefcusto ibidem exemplari 
descripta. 

' MS. HarL 624. £ 73-81. paper, folio, xvil oent 
Ineip.-^** Dominus noster quamvis omnes sues." 
Expl,'^^^ Sine fine Deo vacaverint, qui est benedictiu miper 
*^ omnia Dens in sascula saeculoram. Amen." 



370. Vita S. Davidis. 

MS. Sloane,478S. f. 84 b. (ollm MS. Clarendon, 39.) paper. foL xvii. cent. 



371. De Sancto Davide Episcopo et Confessore. 

MS. Cott Tiber E. i. 22. iL 48b.-51b. velL large fol. 

Incip, — " Sanctus enim David, quern vulgus Dewiappellatur." 

ExpL — *^ In regno diffusa sunt." 

This piece occurs in John of Tinmouth's ** Sanctilogium/' 
already described, and is printed in Capgrave's " Nova Legenda 
Anglis," (ff. 82b^5b). It is the same text as No. 368. 



372. Vita S. David Gualensis EpiscopL 

MS. C. a C. Cant. 161. vcU. folio, ziii cent 

After a table of Chapters — 

Rybr^ — '^ Incipit Vita Sancti David Gualensis Archie- 
" piscopi." 

Indp, — " Dominus noster^ quamvis omnes suos ante mundi 
*^ constitutionem dilexit." 



121 DESCRIFTiyK CATALOGUE OF HANUSCRIFrS RELATING 

A.0. 544. ExpL — ^^^Apad Christum qui est benedictus super omnia 
^* Deus in ssbcuIa saeculorum. Amen." 

Cohphan. — ^ Explicit Yita Sancti David Archiepiscopi." 



373. De S. David Episoopo. 

Ma BodL 336. (2337.) p. 319-322 K TelL folia xiv. cent 
Incip, — ** Dominus noster, quamvis omnes sues ante mundi 
" constitutionem dilezit." 
^j^/.— '^nmisericors erat, sine misericordia vindicetur." 



374. Yita S. David, qui pairia lingua voeatur DewL 

MS. Bodl. 285. ffl 136 b. TelL ibl. dble. cob. xiu. cent 

Ruhr, — ^^'Incipit Yita Sancti David, qui patria lingua 
" voeatur Dewi." 

Incip, — ** Dominus noster, quamvis omnes Sanctos suos ante 
^ mundi constitutionem dilexit." 

ExpL — ''sine fine Deo locaverint, qui est bcnedictus in 
<< saBCulalB8Bculorum. Amen." 

Colophon. «-.'' Explicit Yita Sancti David, qui patria lingua 
" voeatur Dewi." 



375. Fragmentum Vit» S. David, Confessoris. 

MS. BibL da RoL 5362. 40. olim Colbert yeU. xir. cent 



376. Legenda Davidis. 

MS. Lambeth. 12. 



?A.D.544. ?A.D. S**. 

377. Yita S. SenanL 

MS. StOTire, 36. s. 244-287. 4to. paper. 
Written in the Irish language and characters. The Iran* 
Bcriber gives his name " Donall O'Duinin," and sajs that ho 
transcribed the volume for the use of Francis O'Mathgamhna 
in 1627. It is unpublished.* 



* See Stowe Catalogue, p. 162. 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 126 

378. Vita S. Senani (Metrice). ? a.D. 544 

Ex MSS. Salmantioensi et Kilkenni^nsi.* 

Printed in the '* Acta Sanctorum," i. 760-768 (8 March). 
Indp, — '' Senanus ex nobilibus procreatnr parentibus.'^ 
J?a^/.— ''Plena facit miracula per infinita saBcula. Amen.'' 
His Life Mr as written in Irish, by Cohnan Mac Lenine, 
before the end of the 6th century.f Colgan says that a frag- 
ment had survived in MS. This being lost, the BoUandists 
give a Latin metrical Life from a MS. of the end of the 12th 
or the beginning of the 13th century. It was imperfect in 
their Salamanca MS., but the deficiency was supplied from one 
belonging to Hugh Ward. Colgan, i. 512, used both of these 
MSS., written probably before 1180. 

The extract belonging to Ware was imperfect at the begin- 
ning. — ^ Initium deest in cxcerptis meis," Waraeus, " de Script. 
Hiberniae," p. 89. 

Senanus was born in Ireland, and went to Rome and 
Britain for spiritual improvement ; in which latter country he 
obtained the friendship of St. David. On his return to Ireland 
he founded several churches, and a great monastery at Inis- 
Cathaig. He was eventually advanced to the episcopal dignity, 
and died in the year 544. 



378 a. Vita S. Senani Jusy Qathi 

MS. Bodl. Rawl. B. 505. pp. 223-231. yell fol. xly. cent. 

Indp. — " Senanus ex nobilibus procrcatus." 
Expl, — "et nunc et impcrpctuum. Amen." 
A similar Life is found in MS. Bodl. Rawl. B. 485. f. 249. 
veil. 4to. xiv. cent. 



* Tliere is a life of St Senantis in a MS. be]ong:ing to Primate Marsh of 
Dablio, commonly called the *<Book of Kilkenny;" it is probably the 
same as that mentioned by Colgan. 

f ** Sed qui yideatur eo vixisse tempore qno adhuc Ecclesia Inis-cathenis 
'* Rpiscopalem titulum retinebat" 



126 DESCBIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATINQ 

? A.D. 544. 379. ViU S. SenanL 

£x MS. Hibernico. 

Incq}, — '' Sanctus Senanas Episcopus eo tempore quo S. 

" Patridus/* 
EacpL — « Post mortem patrata miracnla suffieianf 
Printed in the '' Acta Sanctorum/' i. 769^778 (Mar. 8), and 

alBO in Colgan^ i. 530. " Ex quodam EEibemico codice MS. 

<< domini Gtilielmi Derodani in Lagenia." 



380. De Sancto Senano Episcopo. 

Incip.^^^ Cum charo suo Dominus.'* 

ExpL — ''Plura facit miracula per infinita sscula. Amen.** 

Printed in Colgan, L 440. 

This is seemingly the fragment to which Colgan refers : it 
consists of the last 54 lines of the metrical Life in the '< Acta 
Sanctorum," i 768 (8 March). 



381. life of St. Senan. 

MS. Duke of DeYonshire. 
A paper transcript, 8vo. xix. cent is in MS« Phillipps, 10294. 



^^' *^^- A.D. 649. 

382. Yita S. Eiarani, seu Qxierani junioris, primi Abbatis 

Clonmacnoisensis.* 

MS. Bodl. Bawl. B. 505. pp. 81-86. velL foL xiy. ceDt 
MS. Bodl. Bavl. B. 485. £ 167. veil. 4to. xiy. cent 

Incip. — " Yir gloriosus et vita sanctissimus Abbas Queranns 
" ex patre Boetio, matre Darercha, ortus fuit." 

No Life of this Saint is printed in the '< Acta Sanctorum," 
but there is a long historical commentary in iii. 370 — 383 
(Sept. 9), in which they refer to an apocryphal Life of St. 
Kiaran the Abbot. 



• There is a life of S. Kiaran in'a MS. belonging^to Primate Marsh of 
Dublin, commonly called the " Book of Kilkenny." 



TO THE EARLT HISTOBT OF GREAT BRITAIN. 127 

He is also called Macantsaoir, as also ^* the Younger/' to A.D. 549. 
distinguish him from Kiaran, Bishop of Saigir (see No* 301). 
He was born in 616, and died Sept. 9th, 549. 



A.D. 660. A.D. 550. 

383, Vita S. Tresani Presbyteri ex Hibernia, ad an. circiter 

650.* 

Ex MS. Monast Sancti Remigii. 

/wop.— "Igitur Tresanus Hiberniji insula Scotorum genere 
" ortus.** 

ExpL — " In gloriam resurrecturi, prsestanto Domino nostro 
*^ Jesu ChristOi eui honor et gloria in saecula sseculorum. 
" Amen." ' 

His Life is printed in Colgan, and in the " Acta Sanctorum" 
(7th Feb.;, ii. 52, from a MS. in the monastery of S. 
Bemigius at Rheims. 

Colgan's is the fuller Life, but very fauUy, and written some 
time after the Saint's death. 

Tresain was an Lrish priest, who left his own country to 
preach the gospel in France. He was contemporary with 
S. Bemigius, and died at Mareuil-sur-Marne, in the sixth 
century. 



384. De S. Finano. 

MS. Cott. Tiber. E. 1. ff. 313 b— 815. 

/fidp. — '< Reverentissimus Pontifex Finanus . . ." 
ExpL — " Nomine Eilwinni appellatur." 
Printed in Capgrave's "Nova Legenda Anglise," ff. 147 b 
— 149.t See No. 35. 



* There is a life of St Finanus in a MS. belonging to Primate Marsh of 
Bablin, commonlj called the " Book of Kilkenny." 

t Of Finan Sir James Ware (" De Scriptoribus Hibemiaj," p. 89) writes : 
*« Author vitHj S. Finani Momoniensis abbatis de Ceanhetich incipit, ' Fuit 
** • vir vitsB venerabilis.' Alius est author vitae ejus qui ita incipit, • Finanus 
** • Sanctus de plebe quss Corcudubne dicitur, ortus fuiL* " (See No. 384 6.) 
" S. Finanus par ftiit S. Brendano Clonfertensi, et obiisse dicitur 7 Aprilis, 
" sed quo anno nondum rcperi." Others say that Finan died 4 Id. Sept! 
(lOth Sept) and was buried at Kilwinning, in Scotland. 



128 DESCRIPTIVE CATAI4OGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RISLATINQ 

Al>. 550. 384 a. Vita S. Finani. 

MS. Bodl. Tanner, 15. ff. 267-269. veil. fol. dble. eols. xt. cent. 

Incip. — ^' Rererendissimus pontifex Finanus.** 
ExpL — '^ nomine Kilwinni appellatur." 
Nearly the same text as that of Capgrave. 



384 b. Vita S. Finani Episcopi et Confessoris. 

MS. Bodl. Bawl. B. 505. pp. 235-239. veil. fol. xiy. cent 

Incip, — '* Finanus sanctus do plcbo qui Corcodubne." 
ExpL — *' sic Bol fulgct in conspectn Domini in ssecnla 

" sspculorum. Amen.** 
A similar Life is found in MS. Bodl. Rawl. B. 485. f. 237. 

veil. 4to. xi?. cent 



A.D. 552. A.D. 552. 

385. Vita S. Finniani seu Finneni Abbatis de Cluai- 

neraird. 

Ex MS. SalmanticensiB. 

Incip, — "Vir erat do nepotibus Loschain, nomine Fin- 
" tanus.*' 

J?a7>/.— ''£t mortuus est, sicut dixit Finnianu.s eodem 
« anno." 

Printed in Colgan's "Acta Sanctorum Hiberniae," i. 393 — 397. 

St. Finian, also called Finnio and Finbarrus, was bom in 
Leinster in the fifth century. He was baptized by St Alban 
and educated by Bishop Fortchern. He became a disciple of 
Cayman, passed into Wale^, remained in Britain thirty years 
and built three churehes, and tben returning to Ireland, to 
restore the faith which had been neglected after St Patrick's 
decease, died there on the twelfth of December 552. 

(Usher, Brit Eccl. Antiq. p. 495.) 



385 a. Life of Finian. 

MS. Duke of Devonshire. 
A transcript on paper xix cent, is in MS. PhilHpps, 10294. 



TO THE EABLT HISTORY OF GBEAT BRITAIN. 129 

3856. Vita S. Finiani Abbatis. AD. 552. 

MS. Trin. ColL Dublin, 652. 



386. Vita S. Finiani Episcopi Clonardensis. 

MS. BodL Bawl. B. 505. pp. 138-146. veil. fol. xiv. cent. 
MS. Bodl. Bawl. B. 485. f. 129. veil. 4to. xiy. cent. 

Incip. — " Fait vir nobilis in HiberaiiB partibus." 
^orpIL— ^'Finnianus eodem anno finit." 



AD. 555. 
387. Vita S. Fatemi Episcopi et Confeasoris. 

Ma Cott. Yespas. A. xiv. f. 77 b— 81 b. veU. 4to. xii. cent. 

Incip.—" ChristuB filius Dei." 

Eacpl. — <'In ccelestibus regnis per infinitasaBCulasfeculoriim. 
" Amen." 

Then follows (f. 81) this Rabric : " Incipit possessio agro- 
*^ rum Sancti Patemi Episcopi." 

Inc^,'^" Prsesente igitur patriarcha." 

ExpL-^** Qatd vocitant, vulgari nomine fuit Eithir Map 
« Archati." 

This life is abridged, and printed in Capgrave's ''Nova 
Ix^genda Angliae," (ff. 258-259 b), whose narrative is again 
reprinted in the ^ Acta Sanctorum," ii. 378 (15 April). A 
few unimportant various readings are added from foreign 
breviaries. 

The Life of Patemus, Bishop of Avranches, hj Fortunatus, 
Bishop of Poitiers, a contemporary (which, if not entirely 
written by him, was certainly revised by him, and a Preface 
added addressed to Marcianus, Abbot of St. Jouin) is in the 
'' Acta Benedict.," ii., and in the " Acta Sanctorum." In the 
former, there is another Life by an unknown author, 1, 143. 

Patemus, a noble Armorican, leaves his possessions, after 
the birth of his son Patemus, and goes to Ireland to lead a re- 
ligious life. The younger Patemus comes to England with 847 
monks, who elect him their chief. He settles them in a Mona«3- 
tery in Mauritana,* visits his father in Ireland, makes peace 

* i.e. Lhan Padem-Vaur Cardigan. See Usher, 1127. 

r 



A.D. 555. 



v...^ "^ \J^* 



130 DESCBnrnYE catalogue of manuscbifes relating 

A.D. 555. between two Irish Kings, returns to Britain and builds churches, 
8(0. throughout Cardiganshire, clears himself bj the hot water 
ordeal from the charge of stealing Mailgun^s treasures, pardons 
and heals Mailgun, and goes to Jerusalem with Mailgun, David, 
and Teliau« He is consecrated bishop of Ayranchesy and re- 
f'LJig ^iU \ ceives a tunic of cloth of gold. A certsdn tyrant named Arthur, 
v^ -v^ /i^-t^dt^ j after his return to Mauri tana, attempts to rob him of his tunic. 

^ /, ' 'Cradauc, sumamed Bretbras, extending his dominions beyond 
. ^ v.. J ^ttr.iw* g^j^ Iq Britanny, the inhabitants require Patemus to be sent 
, '^L ,.x^^U<~^ to them. He founds a Monastery there, for which Samson 
/^'<^ demands certain dues, but afterwards remits them ; Patemus 

^ being troubled by false brethren, goes to France, where he dies. 
The chief events in the life of Paternus may be assigned to 
these dates. He was born about 490, went to Ireland about 
510, into Wales in 612, became bishop of Maurtan or Mau- 
ritana in 519, went to Armorica in 540, and died at Yannes 
about 656y or in 560, according to Usher. Some writers think 
that he was present at the Council of Paris in 557 ; but this 
personage was Saint Pair d'Avranches, also called Patemus, 
who died 16 April 5^* 



•»^ 






388. De S. Paterno Episcopo et Confessore. 

MS. Cott Tiber. £. 1. £E. 95 b~97. velL laige fi>L 

Incvp. — " Paternus Episcopus terras . . . ." 
Exph — ^^ Cum honore sepulturam mereberis." 
Printed in Capgrave's '* Nova Legenda." 



389. Vita S. Patemi. 

M& BlbL du Boi, 5666, 13. yelL xiii. cent 8va 



A.D. 560. A.D. 560. 

390. Vita S. Teliavi Episcopi, a Magistro OalMdo fratre 
Urban! Landavensis Ecclesi^ EpiBOopi dictata, 

MS. Cott Yespas. A xir. £ 51-54b. velL 4to. xii oent 

/nctjp. — *' Sanctus iste, fratres carissimi, ab infantia Dei 
« cultor." 

* The lEditors of the '' Gallia Christiana," zi. 469, place his death m 56S. 



TO THE EABLY HISTORY OP GREAT BRITAIN. 131 

£xpL — " In bonis operibus mereamiui cum eodem gloriari AJ). 56a 
'' in flupemis sedibus ; adjuvante Domino nostro Jesu Christo, 
** qui yivit et regnat in saecula ssBCulorum. Amen." 

This pieces with a few omissions, is given yerbatim in 
the ^^ Liber Landavensis." Wharton has printed it partially 
in the '^ Anglia Sacra," ii. 662 ; and it has also been 
printed bj the Welsh Society, in 1840, in the '^ Liber Ijan- 
^* davensis " (pp. 92 and 332), with an English translation 
and explanatory Notes by the Rev. W. J. Rees. It is abridged 
in Capgrave's '*Nova L^enda," f. 280b ; whose text is printed 
in the " Acta Sanctorum," ii. 308, Feb. 9, the Editors having 
no better text at their disposal. The commentary of Bollandus 
prefixed to this edition is full of learning. 

Telian, Eliud, or Teilo, descended of noble parentage, was 
educated by Dubricius, whom he succeeded, and whom he sur- 
passed in knowledge ; he confuted and repressed various 
heresies, and upon visiting Paulinus to confer with him on the 
Scriptures, there formed a dose friendship with St. David. 
At this time the Picts from Scythia invaded Britain ; one of 
their leaders settled at Mi^uensis Cimtat $ and finding his 
persecutions unavailing to withdraw David, Eliud, and their 
followers from the right way, he endeavoured to tempt them to 
sin by the instrumentality of his wife's female attendants ; they 
were punished, however, with insanity, and the chief was 
converted. Wood being wanted for the monastery, deer volun- 
tarily drew it thither ; a book, too, was left exposed to the 
rain, but was found by David perfectly dry and uninjured. 
An angel commanded Teliau, David, and Patemus to go to 
Jerusalem. On their arrival there, they were placed in three 
ancient seats in the Temple. Teliau expounded the Scriptures 
to the people, after which Dewi and Patemus preached ; they 
were then elected by the people, and consecrated bishops, each 
receiving appropriate gifts ; that of Teliau being a bell, remark - 
able for its powers. They returned home at the time the 
yellow plague raged ; which was stayed, however, at Teliau's 
prayer. He then retired for a season to a distant region, but 
returned and collected those who had been dispersed by the 
mortality. At his death three parties claimed his remains, 
but, on examination, finding three bodies exactly alike, each 
took one away. 

Wharton in his Preface (p. zxvii) conjectures that Geoffrey, 

I 2 



132 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.IX 560. who is called Stephen, the brother of Urban, Bishop of LlandaiT, 
in the Rnbric prefixed to the Life in the MS., is the same person 
as Esne, dean of Llandaff, who was present at the Translation 
of the remains of St. DnbriciuSi A.D. 1120. At any rate ho 
seems to have written not long after that event : whether he 
had any prior Life from which he formed this biography he 
does not mention. 



891. S. Teliavi Vita. 

MS. ColL Jeso, Ozon. czli 8. 126. ff. 126—176. paper fbl ztO. cent. 

The same text as that of the Liber Landayensis ; a modern 
transcript. 



392. De Sancto Theliao Episcopo et Confessore. 

Ma Cott Tiber. R 1. 16. f. 38— 39 b. veU. large folio. 

Inetp. — " Sanctus enim Theliavus ab infantia." 

It is illegible at the end. 

This piece occurs in the ^^ Sanctilogiam of John of Tin- 
" mouth,** already noticed. (No 35.) 

Printed in Capgrave's "Nova Legends^*' (ff. 280b— 281 b) 
and from him in the ''Acta Sanctorum," ii. 308 (Feb. 9). 



393. Vita S. Elgari Heremitse, circa an. 56(K 

/nap.— "Puit vir Angligena natione, Elgarus.*' 
Expl, — '' Becepti sunt in Ecdesiam Landavise.'* 
Printed in the "Liber Landavensis," p. 1—7. (Edito«l 
by the Rev. W. J. Bees, 1840.) 



394. Liber querulus Sancti Gild© Sapientis do Excidio 

Britamii^B. 

MS. Bibl. Pub. Caut Ft 1. 27. veil. Med. fol. dWe. coL xil cent. 
Ineip, — <^ Britannia insula in extreme ferme orbis." 
ExpL-^*^ . . sed oxprobrant jam in circuitu nationes.** 
This work occurs in a parchment book of 642 pages, 
in which there are several different treatises, written at 



TO THE EABLY HISTOHY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 133 

Tarions periods: that of Gildas was probably traDscribed A.D.560. 
about the latter end of the 12th century in the Monastery of 
Durham, to which house the MS. once belonged. It is written 
in double columns, and is divided into twenty chapters, of 
which a summary is given after the Preface. There are 
interlineations and marginal annotations in a smaller and 
later hand. The initial letter B of Britannia is large and 
florid ; the other initials are either red, or dark green^ or 
of delicate violet tints. 

Gale relied chiefly on this MS. as the basis of his edition, 
as also did Mr. Stevenson for his ; and Mr. Petrie used it, 
jointly with the one next mentioned, for that given by him in 
the Monumenta Historica Britannica, though he was of opinion 
that it exhibits the text of Gildas not only in a depraved but 
in a mutilated form. When compared with Josseline's edition 
the following variations will be observed :— the Prologue is 
much shorter ; there is a set of Rubrics slightly dissimilar, 
prefixed in a body to the text, and adapted to a division of 
Chapters diflerent from that adopted by the scribe ; a long 
Rubric by way of summary or title ; many various readings, 
of which some are merely glosses which have crept into 
the text, while others are the result of the carelessness of 
the scribe ; with numerous brief glosses or notes, mostly inter- 
linear, but sometimes marginal. It ends with Chapter 26^ 
adding, though out of place, the titles of some of the preceding 
Chapters, agreeing entirely with those of Josseline. These are 
foUowed by three verses, from which it would appear that this 
MS. was derived from a copy written either by an anonymous 
scribe or by one Cormac,* who not only abbreviated the 
Prologue which has already been noticed, but also cut ofl*what« 
ever followed the 26th Chapter, and instead of Epistola sub- 
stituted JSistaria for the title of his perfoimance ; a circum- 
stance which induced Gale to divide the work of Gildas (which 
was evidently originally written consecutively) into two por- 
tions, entitled by him respectively the History and the Epistle 
of Gildas. 



* ** Historiam Gylda Cormao sic perlege scriptam 
"Doctoiis digitis . . ." 



134 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOOXTB OF MAXTTSCBIPIB BELATING 

AS). 560. 395. Liber Sancti Gilds Abbatis de Gestis Anglomm. 

MS. BibL Ptah. Out Dd. L 17. vdL brgc ioL dUe. eoL zr. ocst 

Incip. imperf. — ^ . . . pnetendentibaSy et lacabofl frigidam." 

Colophon, — ^Explicit Liber Sancti 6ild« Abbatis et his- 
^ toriographi Anglonmi, et csetera." 

The whole of the Preface and a portion of the beginning 
of the work are wanting. 

This MS. exhibits frequent blunders of the scribe, and wants 
many passages, which have been supplied in the margins, 
apparently, bj Josseline, who used it in his edition of Gildas. 
The MS., he says, was once the property of the Abbey of 
Glastonbury, but in his time belonged to a Kentish gentleman 
in the profession of the law. 

Another MS. of Gildas is said to be in the Imperial Library 
at Paris (S. Victor 686) on paper, and written in the sizteenUi 
century ; and one of the same century is described as being 
in C.CC. Cant 101, p. 169, entitled ''Gesta Britonum a 
^' Gilda sapiente composita," but this in reality is a copy of 
Nennius, and not Gildas. In the Imperial Library at Paris, 
Lat. 6235. (formerly Colbert 5337, Reg. 10504), fol. 7, are a 
few extracts from Gildas, which, though of no great extent, 
are yet worth notice, in consequence of the paucity of the 
MS8. The MS. is on vellum, small 4to., written after 1450, 
and formerly belonged to Lord Burleigh. 

The work of Gildas was first published at London in 1525, 
by Polydore Virgil, who dedicated it to Cuthbert TunstaJ, 
Bishop of London. He took his text from two manuscripts 
not known now to exist. Very little reliance however can be 
placed on his edition, as he acknowledges that he occasionally 
omitted and sometimes transposed portions of the text ; and he 
might have added that he also substituted one term for another, 
whenever he thought the mode of expression of the author 
obscure. This edition has been more than once reprinted. 

In 1563 an edition of the ^^De Excidio et ConqusBStu Bri- 
'' tannied," issued from the press of Day, and another in 1567. 

In 1568, John Josseline, secretary to Archbishop Parker, 
gave a new edition of Gildas, in which the avowed alterations 
and omissions of Polydore Virgil were corrected on the 
authority of two manuscripts ; one of which appears to have 
been the Cottonian MS. formerly marked Vitellius, A vi. 
j^escribed by him as being upwards of 600 years old,* and as 



TO THE EABLT HIST0B7 OF OBEAT BBITAIN. 135 

haying belonged at one time to Christ Church, Canterhory ; A.D. 560. 
and the other now in the Public Library at Cambridge (B d. 
L 17), the present articlcf 

In 1691, GkJe published at Oxford, amongst the ** Quin- 
decim Scriptores,** a new edition of Gildas, in which he 
chiefly relied on the MS. in the Public Library at Cambridge, 
(F f. I 27.) and the Cottonian MS. Vitellius, A. vi. which 
had been preyiously consulted by Josseline. 

In 1767, Charles Bertram reprinted Gale's text at Copen* 
hagen, together with two other tracts relating to English 
History, under the title of '* Britannicarum Grentium Histories 
AntiquiB Tres." 

In 1838, the Rev. Joseph Stevenson edited, for the English 
ffistorical Society, a new edition of Gildas. He used for his 
text the Cambridge MS., F f. i. 27 (No. 394), above mentioned. 

Mr. Petrie published an edition of Gildas in the ^ Monu- 
menta Historica Britanmca," in which he used the two MSS. 
in the Public Library at Cambridge. 

Besides the editions of Gildas above mentioned, others 
appeared in the years 1541, 1555, 1568, 1569, 1576, 1587, 
1677. The Abb£ Migne has reprinted Mr. Stevenson's Edition 
in the "Patrologiae Cursus Completus,** Ixix. 330. 

Several translations of Gildas have appeared at various 
times (the earliest in 1638, and the latest in 1848,) but it is 
unnecessary further to notice them. 

The period embraced in Epistle of Gildas extends from the 
Incarnation to 560, and may be thus divided, (1) From the in- 
vasion of Britain by the Romans, to the revolt of Maximus, at 
the close of the fourth century, (2) From the revolt of Maximus 
to the author's own time. It contains a Preface, an account of 
Britain, and the disposition of its inhabitants — its Conquest 
by the Romans — its rebellion and second subjugation — ^its 
conversion to Christianity and subsequent persecution — ^iis 
military strength withdrawn by Maximus — and the inroads of 
the Scots and Picts. The writer states that the Britons asked 



* This MS. was onfortiinately destroyed in 1731 ^ Imt in Smith's 
Catalogue it is said to have been written in a character approaching the 
Saxon, from which it may be inferred that it was as old as the eleventh 
century. 

f It has collations, it woold seem from Gkde's text, in a late hand in the 
■uogSas, and iilso Nfevences to th0 texts in an older hand. 



136 DBSCBipnyE catatx>gue of manuscbifts relating 

AJ). 560. and recei yed succour from Borne— that they expelled the euemj, 
who returned when the Roman legions left the island — ^that fur- 
ther succour was sent to them hy the Romans, and the enemy 
again expelled— that a wall was built across the island, and the 
inhabitants instructed in the fabrication and use of arms — ^that 
towers were erected on the southern coast, and the Romans 
took their final departure— upon which the Plots and other 
nations again made inroads, and the Britons' request for further 
assistance from Rome proving ineffectual, they were miserably 
harassed, till at length they agreed to call in the Saxons to 
their aid; who after a time attacked them and wasted the 
country, but receiyed a check from Aurelius Ambrosius. 

The work contains few incidents of historical interest, 
and those are iuTolyed in a multitude of words. The author 
observes that he had during ten years resisted the desire of his 
friends that he would write a short history of Britain ; and 
he afterwards says, that what he relates is not so much from 
written British documents, of which (whatever there might 
have been) the whole had been either destroyed or carried 
away by the exiled inhabitants, as from what he had learned 
beyond sea, and that very confusedly. He then goes on to 
describe Britain, and after giving no very flattering account of 
its inhabitants, he notices its subjugation by the Romans, but in 
such a very general and obscure manner that it is only by 
means of our previous knowledge, derived from the Roman 
writers themselves, that we are enabled to comprehend his 
meaning. When he treats of the usurpation of Maximus he be- 
comes slightly more explicit, and attributes all the subsequent 
calamities of Britain to that unhappy event ; but in his narra- 
tive of the return of the Roman forces to succour the natives 
he evidently either blunders or greatly exaggerates in his 
account -of the Roman Wall, the towns on the sea coast, and the 
destitute condition of the inhabitants. £Us statement of the 
manner in which he obtained his information, together with the 
recollection that he probably wrote considerably more than a 
century after those events, might perhaps plead as his apology 
for the confused and unsatisfactory manner in which he has 
performed his task ; were it not apparent that he is much 
more meagre and vague in the account of the transactions of 
his own times than even in the preceding portions. 

The author's style, which may almost be called' ^^ prose run 
mad," is singularly inflated, and is often hardly intelligible. 



TO THB EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRTTAIK. 137 

His narratiye is generallj confused and declamAtoiy^ and, AJ). 560. 
except in a few instances mentioned below, cannot be traced 
to any known source. 

Gildas or Gildus, by some surnamed <Hhe Wise/' by others 
Badonicns, is said to hare been bom in Britain in the year of 
the siege of Mount Badon, circa A.D. 516, and to have exer- 
cised some kind of Ecclesiastical function. He went into 
Armorica about the year 660, where he composed his Epistle. 
He himself states that he took ten years to consider and 
mature his work, which will bring its composition to the year 
660. A fuller account of Gildas will be given when noticing 
his Life by Caradoc of Lancarvan. (See No. 436.) His death 
is supposed to have occurred in 670. 

For his first period, the Ecclesiastical History bf Eusebius 
in the Tersion by Buffinus, the Epistles of St. Jorome, and 
perhaps the Ecclesiastical History of Sulpicius Severus may 
be traced in his pages ; for the second period, his veracity 
must rest entirely on his own authority, as none of the con- 
temporary Greek or Boman writers afford it any support, 
but rather the reverse ; indeed, his statements relative to the 
abandonment of the island by the Bomans from the time of 
Maximus, and the subsequent erection of the Boman wall, are 
wholly irreconcileable with their testimony. Fiom the early 
part of the fifth century, however, when the Greek and Boman 
writers cease to notice the afiiurs of Britain, his narrative, on 
whatever authority it may be founded, has been adopted without 
question by Beda and succeeding authors ; and consequently 
accepted, notwithstanding its barrenness of facts and pompous 
obscurity, by all but general consent, as the basis of early 
English History. 

396. GildsB Sapientis Liber de gentis Britonum origine. 

Ma Bibl da Boi 5232. veil olim Colbert, ziil cent 



397* Chronica Britonum a Gilda Sapiente edita% 

MS. BibL du Roi 6274. veil, olim Bains, xiii cent 

This is probably Nennius and not Gildas. It commences, 
** Incipit gesta Britonum, a Gilda Sapiente editum a prin- 
^' cipio mundi usque ad Diluvium s" and ends, ** Solus in 
«« extremis flnibus cosmi." 



138 DBSGBIFTIVE CATAtOGUB OF llAKUSCBIFTB BKLATIKO 

AJ>.«^ A.D. 666. 

398. Vita S. Machuti * insGripta Battulio Episoopo, attctore 

Bill Levita. 

MS. Beg. 13. A. z. £ 67—107 b. tcU. Sva x. cent 

Ruhr. — ^^In Chriati nomine indpit FrologOB Yite Sancti 
** Machutis Episcopi atque Confesaoris.'^ 

Incip. EpisL — ** Domino Suicto et meritis yenenbili totoque 
<< pectoris sinu amplicundo^ ac meo mi^troy Gregorioy in 
<< sancta Trinitate Betoilio Epiacopo, mihi amanttssimo^ Bili 
** Levita himiili% perpetuam salutem. Magnitado caritatis 
** profert testimonium.'* 

Ineip, Viia. — '^Religiosomm actanm gesta pnedicaLilia snc- 
" crescente.'' 

Expl, — ^ Aoxiliante Domino noatro Jeaa Chriato, in hoc 
<< nolna dace^ qui cam Patre et 8pirita Sancto vivit et regnat 
^* per infinita aascula aecnloram. Amen*" 

The author intends reforming an old anonymoua Life of 
Machutuai which waa thought to have been corrupted by a 
aeriea of transcribera. 

Du Boac's text (see No. 402) is either from the aame aource 
aa Bili Levita^ or an enlargement of his work. 

The author waa. bishop of Aleth or St. Male. (^^ Hist Lit. 
de la France," iy. 194.) 

This Life was printed at St. Malo in 1555» in 12mo. i and 
extracts from it are found in Leland's '< CoUectaneat" !• 4d0i 



399. Vita S. Maguti Episcopi et Confefi8ori& 

MS. YaUicelL in BibL Vatican., torn, vil Tdl. foL 307 b. xiii cent 

> Incip. — *^ Gloriosus Christi Confessor^ Magutus Britannica 
" prosapia generosus." 



400. Yita S. Madovii^ qui et Machutios dictos est, Epi- 
scopi ConfessoriSy authore Sigeberto, Monacho Qem- 
blacensL 

Inc^. Epist.—**Yii9k piissimi Confessoris Christi, Maclovii, 
** qui etiam Machutes dictus est." 



* He 18 mdifferenUy^ called St. Madoo, St llak^ 6t Machntee, St Ma- 
chntos, St Magutufl, and St Macloyias. 



TO THE KABLT HISTORT OF QBEAT BBITAIN. 189 



^. /Vo/.— ''Frsdconia Sanctorum^ quie valde Bunt.'* AJ>. 065. 

Ineip. Vita. .» " Sanctas igitur Maclovius nobilitate pa- 
** rentam.** 

UxpL Vita. — '^Cunctisque ejus praeconia celebrantibus, 
** qui vivit et regnat per aetema saeculoram saecula. Amen." 

Printed in Sorius " Vitas Sanctorum," iy. (Nov. 15). 



401. Vita S. Madovii, auctore Sigeberto Gemblacensi. 

MS. Vieniui. 



402. Vita Sancti Machutis Episoopi et Confe68oris. 

MS. Fioriaeeiiiig. 

Inc^. ProL — '^ Authorem omnium et dlscretorem Creatura- 
<< rum Omnipotentem Dominum." 

Incip. Vita. — ^'Yenerabilis igitur Machutes Episcopus, ge- 
^' nerosis parentibus." 

Expl, — '* Maneat semper laus tanti ConfessoriSy omnibus so 
<< invocantibus potentissime et piissime subyenientis. Amen." 

Printed by Du Bosc (Floriacensis Yetus Bibliotheca Bene- 
dictina; opera Joannis a Bosco), pp. 486—^18. 

This is referred to by Le Long, " Bibl. de Prance," No. 
10470 (i. 672). See also « Hist. Lit. de la France," iv. 194. 



« 



403. De Vita S. Machoti. 

MS. BodL 535 (2254). ft 62-93. yelL small 4ta zi. cent 

J?tt&r.— << In Christ! nomine. Incipit prologus yitsd Sancti 
'* Machutis Episcopi atque Confessoris." 

Indp, Epist — ** Domino meo yenerabili Ratuili Archiepis- 

copo, ac meo magistro Gregorio, in Sancta Trinitate, Bili, 
^* Leyita humilis, perpetuam salutem. Magnitude daritatis 
'* profert testimonium." 

Incip. Prol. — ^Beligioeomm yirorum gesta prsedicabilia 
" succrescente." 

Inctp. Vita. — ^** Igitur Aueiorem onmium, fratret dilec- 
" tissimi." 

ExpL Vita. — ^^ Et ex ilia die, iilaque hora Saactna Macbutus 
*^ yirtutes in utroque loco hue illucque complere non cessayit," 



140 BESGRIPtlVK CATALOGUE OF MAKUBCBIPTS BELATIHO 

A.D. 665. 404f. Vita S, Maclovii Episcopi Aletensis in Annoiica 

nunc MadoviensiB. 

MS. d'HerovraL 

Imsip. — *^ Gloriosus Christi Confessor Macloyias.'* 

Eq^L — ^'Quando terra terram petiit ot coelam spiritus 
** superavit ad laudem et gloriam omnipotentis Dei, cui est 
*^ potestas, honor, et imperium in saecula sscalorum. Amen.** 

Printed in MabiUon, << Acta Benedict^" sssc. i. 177 (Edit. 
Venice)^ 

This Biography is bj an author of the eighth or ninth cen- 
tury. It seems to be superior to that ascribed to Sigebert of 
Gemblours and given by Sunns (Nor. 15). See No. 400. 

Maclovius was bom of noble parents in Britain, and was 
related to Samson and Magloire. He was educated by Brendan 
at Lancarvan and becomes bishop of Aleth. He goes into 
Aquitaine, returns to Britanny, goes again into Aquitaine, 
and there dies about the year 565. 

This Biography is full of the usaal Armorican miracles. 
The city of St. Male in Britanny deriyes its name from Maclo- 
vius : his remains having been carried thither when the Epis- 
copal See was transferred from Aleta (Aleth). 



405. De S. Machuto Episcopo. 

MS. Colt Tiber. £. i. flEl 281-283 b. veil, folia 

/nctp.— '< Sanctus onim antistes Macutus." 

Eai^l. — ^^ vestimentum contaminavit." 

Printed in Capgrave's ''Nova L^enda Anglian." 



406. De S. Machuto Episcopo et Confessore. 

MS. BodL Tknner, 15. ff. 391-397. 
/fitf^.— -'' Sanctus enim antistes Macutns." 
ExpL-^" vestimentum contaminavit.'' 
The same text as No. 405. 



J 



TO THE EABLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 141 

407. Fragmentum ex auctore anonymo apud Bosciuni A.D. 5CS» 

(p. 221). 

Ineip. — ^* Tom denique tarn Princeps." 
ExpL — ^ Omnibus se invocantibus potentissime et piissime 
" sabyenientis. Amen." 
Printed in Mabillon's « Acta Benedict." i. 181 (Ed. Venice). 



408. Vita S. Machuti. 

MS. InsnL apud Claadium Doresmiealz. 

Incip, Prol, — " Quoniam philosophia." 

Incip. Ftto.— ^ Britannice situs insula? ab antiqnis. 



409. Viia S. Samsonis Episoopi Dolensis in Armorica, (^) 

auctore anonymo. 

Rubr, — ^ Praefatio auctoris ad Tigerinomalum Episcopum.*' 
Incip. Prol. — " Religiosomm memoria compulsus.'' 
Indp. Viia. — '^ Igitur Sanctus Samson Demetiana patria." 
Expl. — '^Prospero cursu pergere valeatis, regnante in 

" perpetuum Domino nostro Jesu Cbristo, cui gloria et honor 

'^ est perennis cum Patre et cum Spiritu Sancto in s<ecu1a 

'* saeculorum. Amen.** 

Printed in Mabillon, '* Acta Benedict.'' ssac. i. 165 ; and from 

that edition in the ^' Acta Sanctorum^" vL 568 (28 July). 
This Life is by an unknown author, who is believed to have 

lived sixty or seventy years after the death of Bishop Samson. 

It is very different from that published by Du Bosc, and 

also from that written by Balderic,* bishop of Dol, in the 12lh 

* The Life of Samson, by Balderic, bishop of Do], has not been seen by 
the compiler of tbis Catalogue, but a copy of it is in tbe BibL da Boi, 
Na 5350, at Paris (No. 417). Ondinns, L 1068, says it is that which 
MalnUon has printed, i 1 65, bat that statement is certainly erroneont. Le- 
long a sserts that it is printed by Michel Cosnier, in the ** Gesta Fontificum 
** Dolensiom,*' but this is also contradicted in a note by the Editor of his 



142 DESCBCraiVE CA.TAI/X>17E OF UAJSimCBIPTB SELATmO 

AjDW centoiy,' The two l«t named Lives contain mora MfirediUfo 
than that giyen by Mabillon. 

In the Plrefacey the author states that his information is 
derived from an aged man, who had resided for eighty years 
in the monastery founded by Samson beyond the sea^ ue. in 
Britain. The principal events in his life are given in Book i. 
He is bom of noble parentage in Wales, and being educated 
by BtutuSy who has been ordained by S. Germanus, he makes 
extraordinary progress in learning, is ordained priest, quits 
Btutus, and goes to Ireland. Returning to his monastery, 
he is ordained missionary Bishop at Caerleon, by Dubriciuai 
He goes to Armorica, performs numberless miracles, and dies. 
Book ii. gives further particulars of Samson's life and miracles. 
It is extremely prolix, and had its share of absurdities. The 
original type of it is in the ^^ Liber Landavensis," p. 8 (Edit. 
Bees, Welsh Society). 



410. De Sancto Sampsone Episcopo et Confessore. 

MS. Cott Tiber. £. L 88, ff. 210 b.-21S. velL folio. 

Inc^,--^** Sanctus Sampson de Britannia majore." 
ExpL-^^^ animam reddidit coelo quinto Kal. AugustL" 
Printed in Capgrave's "Nova Legenda Anglise'* (ff. 266- 
268). 
For a description of this MS. see No. 36. 



41 1. Vita S. SampfioniB. 

ICa BodL Tanner, 16. ff: 494b-497 






Incip, — ** Sanctus Sampson de Britannia m^ori^ 

ExpL — ^' animam reddidit code quinto Kalendas august! 

The same text as No. 410. 



* The following is the title as giyen in Mabillon : — ** Vita S. Samsonis 
" Episcopt Dolensis in Annoiica ; duobus libris scripta ab anctore 
« anonymo wibawgnali. Enita e MS. Cod. Cistov., a Jaoobo de Lannoy 
** coUata ad apographnm Conchensis Monasterii, diversa prorsos ab ea 
** qoam Jobannea Boecins edidit in Bibliotheca Horiaoensi et ab ea qnarn 
** BaldricQs I^iacopiu Dolensia secnlo xii scripat" (Mabillon, p. 165.) 



TO THE EABLT HISTOBT OF GBEAT BBITAIK. 143 

412. Vita S. SamfloniB. A.l>- &w 

(?) 

M&Hengwrt 88. 

Incip, — '^Fuit vir Amon, regali prosapia.'' 

ExpL — ''Et gloriam nominis ejua, qui cam Deo Fatre et 

" Spirita 8ancto vivit et r^gnat per infinita saseula ssecn- 

" lormn. Amen." 

This is in the Liber Landavensis in Selden's Collection. 



413. Vita S. Samsonis. 

MS. CoU. Jesa Ozonu czii, paper f6L zvii cent 
In the " Liber Landavensis." 



414. Sancid SamsoniB Episcopi et Confessoris, auctore 

anonymo. 

MS. Eloriacenm 

Incip, — " Inter alia Sancti Samsonis mirifica gesta." 
Expl,"^^* Et noB modo sine dubio scimus, quod ille inter- 
** cesaor erit pro nobis ad Dominnm, coi est honor," 8ec 

Printed by Du Bosc ('^FloriacensisVetusBibliotheca Bene- 
dictina ; opera Joannis a Bosco") pp. 464-484» who considers 
that this Life is imperfect : ^^ Explicit Vita S. Samsonis, in 
** qua mihi yidentur qusedam deesse." 



416. Vita S. Sampsonis Episcopi 

MS, BeginiB ChristizuD Bxxnm. 465. 



416. Vita S. Samsonis Confessoria. 

Ma Begina ChriBtina.* 479. ff. 9-24. yelL 4to. x. cent 

Inc^, — ^* Igitur inter alia Sancti Samsonis miriflca." 
Expl.^*^ Qui misisti Filium tuum Salvatorem 
(imperfect at the end). 



n 



• a • • 



417. Vita S. Samsonis, auctore Baldrico Dolensi Episcopo. 

MS. BiR da Boi 5850. TelL ziy. cent 
* In Mont&ucon, i. 42, it is naml)ered 1293. 



144 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A-^- *^5 418. Vita S. Samsonis Confessoiis. 

(?) 

MS. BibL da RoL 3789. 35. velL zii. cent olim Odbert 



419. Vita S. Samsonis EpisoopL 

MS. BibL da Bih. 6S80. 69. T«IL ziiL cent oUm Bigot 



420. Yita S. Samsonis EpiscopL 

MS. BibL da Bol 5296. 59. yelL xiiL cent olim Colbert 



421. Vita S. Samsonis EpiscopL 

M& BibL da BoL 5333. 73. TelL ziii. cent olimBigot 



422. Vita S. Samsonis Episcopi et Confessoris. 

MS. BibL da BoL 6565. 8. TelL xii. cent olim Futean. 



AJ>. 569. A.D. 569. 

423. Vita Sanctse Itee vel Idse * Virginis, auciore 

anonymo. 

Indp, — <^ De vita et miraculis beatissimse Virginis Ythac." 

ExpL — <' Traditum est sepulturse, regnante Domino oostro 
" Salvatore Jesu Christo, qui cum Deo Fatre et Spiritu Sancto 
'^ yiyit et regnat per infinita saecula saeculorum. Amen.^ 

Printed in the ''Acta Sanctorum/' i. 1062 (15 Jan.), and by 
Colgan, i. 66-71. 

This Life was supplied to the '' Acta " by Colgan, who copied 
it from an old Kilkenny MS.f The author must have been 
nearly contemporaneous with Ita, j: who lived at the close of 



• Called also Yta, Ida, Itha, Itta, and Mida. 

t There is a life of St Ita in a MS. belonging to Primate Marsh, of 
Dublin, commonly called the ^ Book of Kilkenny," probably the same as 
that referred to by Colgan. 

X '*Alio tempore quidam yir Feargos," says the author, "c^Jns fit ins 
** adhnc vivit, addnetos est ad sanctam Itam in maximo dolore oculomm 
** et corporis ; tIx enim sui amici sciebant, si viTos an mortuos esset Sed 
*' hie eeger, pene mortuns et luminibns extinctns, et a cnnctis desperatos, 
" satis yalens corpore et oculis perspicacissimis ad sna rediit, atqne jam 
" nsqae ad obitnm sanm, sanis membris snis per orationem et benedic- 
*< tionem Sancts Itie vixit" 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF QREAT BRITAIK. 145 

the sixth centary. Bollandus had a shorter and more elegant A.D. 569. 
Life, taken 'from '^ MS. Insulas Sanctorum in Lacu Bivensi/' 
sent by Hugh Ward, warden of St. Antony's Monastery at 
Louvaini which he collated. 

Ita was descended from the family of an Irish King, and 
was bom at Nandesi. She founded an abbey at Clnaincredil 
(Killeedy), and died about the year 569 or 670 ( Annal. Tigern. 
and Annal. Ulton.) She is generally called the second St. 
Brigit of Ireland. 



424. Vita S. Itse Virginia 

MS. BodL RawL B. 505. pp. 164-170. velL Mo. ziy. cent 

Incip.--** Sanctissima siquidem virgo Yta." 

ExpL — ^' est terree traditum, regnante Domino nostro Jesu 
« Christ© qui, &c." 

A similar Life is in MS. Bodl. Rawl. B. 485, p. 298, veil . 
4 to. xiv. cent. 



A.D.* ^70. A.D. 570. 

425. Vita B. Oudocei, Landavensis Archiepisoopi ad an. 

circa 570. 

MS. CoU. Jesu, Oxon. 112. p. 216. paper folio. xyiL cent. 

/««>.—" Fuit vir Budic, filius Cybydan." 

Expl, — ^* Multis terris, in Domino requievit vi. nonas Julii." 

Abridged in Capgrave's " Nova Legenda" (f. 258) ; and from 

him in the ''Acta Sanctorum," i. 318 (2 Jul.). It is also 

given in the '* Liber Landavensis," p. 123. 

Ondoceus was the nephew of Teliau, Bishop of Llandaff, 

whom he succeeded in that See. He founded a Monastery 

near the River Wye. 

See also '< Anglia Sacra," ii. 669. ' 



VOL. I. 



U6 DESCBIFnYE CATALOGUE OF KAHUSGRIPTS RELATINQ 

A.I). 570. 426. De Sanoto Oudoceo Episcopo. 

MS. Cott Tiber. E. 1. f. 199 b. yeU. folio. 

Incip. — " Sanctas Oadoceus, Christi seryos/' 
JExpL — '^ ad Christaniy sexto nonas Julii.'' 
Printed In Capgrave's " Nova Legenda Angllae/' 



. 427. De Sancto Oudoceo Episcopo & Confessore. 

MS. BodL Tanner, 15. £ 462K 

Incip, — ^' Sanctus Oudoceus, Christi scrvus.'' 
ExpL — <^ ad Cbristam, sexto nonas Julii." 
The same text as No. 426. 



A.D. 490 A.D, 490—670. 

428. Vita S. Cadoci (sive) Sophia©, Episcopi et Martyris 
Beneventaned civitatis ; cum Indice Terrarum ad Ec- 
desiam quam ille fundavit pro Canonicis RegiUaribua 
spectantium, ad an. 570. 

MS. Cott YeBpas. A. ziy. ff. 17-33. velL 4to xii. cent 

i?u&r. — ^^Incipit Frsefatio in Vita beatissimi Cadoci| qui 
'' et Sophias, Episcopi et martjris Beneyentanse civitatis." 

Incip. PrcBf. — " Quondam in quibusdam finibus Britannicae." 
Incip, ProL — " Post multum vero temporis intervaHum." 
Incip, Vita. — " Igitur peractis his omnibus, Gundleus Rex." 
ExpL Vita,^-^*^ Calamum divine nutu vertere." 



429. Passio Ejusdem. 

Ibid. ff. 33-42 b. 

Incip, — ^'Apparuit angelus Domini beato Cadoco noote 
" Dominica Palmarum." 

f. 40 b. — " Super altare Sancti Cadoci, coram senioribus 
^* suis. Quicunque conservaverit^ benedictus crit, et qui dis- 
" solverit, maledictus erit a Deo." 



TO THE EABLY HISTORY OF OREAT BRITAIN. 147 

Then follows, after a blank of two pagea and a half :•— ^' De A.D. 4gio 
«* obcaaeatione Mailguni Regis." —570, 

Thai ;^<< De testibas Sancti Cadoci/* 

Expl. JRoMfio.^— ^'Luipor, Seru, Poul." 

This Life is abridged and printed in Capgrave's ^'Nova 
Legenda Angli»/' (ff. 52-54 b.)> and from his text and ^MS. 
" Rabiee Vallis,''in the ** Acta Sanctorum," ii. 602 (24 Jan.) 

Cadoc was the son of Gundlei, the son of Gleuigvissig. 
Gandlei and his brothers, except Petroc (who, aspiring after a 
heavenly kingdom, retired to Botnim), divided their father's 
possessions among them. Gandlei demanded Guladusa the 
daughter of Brahan in marriage, but being refused bj her father, 
he carried her off by force : her father followed, but to no pur- 
pose. On his way Gundlei passed Arthur playing at dice with 
Cai and Bedwar. Arthur, struck with Guladusa's beauty, 
was at first inclined to seize her ; but, being dissuaded by his 
companions, he assisted Gundlei in making good his retreat* 
Cadoc's future birth had been announced to his parents by 
visions. When of fit age, he was placed under an Irish 
hermit, named St. Meuth, to be educated. He subsequently 
retired to a valley, where he built a church and a monastery of 
timber, and raised a mound of earth called Castel Cadoc. He 
then went to Lismor Machuter, in Ireland, and remained there 
tiiree years to learn the seven liberal arts. On his return to 
Britain, bringing with him Finan, Macmoil, and Guawen, he 
met with a celebrated rhetorician from Italy, named Bachan, 
from whom he learned Latin " Romano more." During the 
period of his instruction, a famine took place ; but Cadoc, 
having watched a mouse which carried corn in his mouth, 
tied a string to its leg and by that means discovered a spa- 
cions subterranean receptacle full of grain. Having com« 
pleted his studies he retired to Lancarvan, where he rebuilt 
the monastery ; and his disciples, Finan and Macmoil, on being 
exempted from taking part in the labour, in order that they 
might pursue their studies, were under the necessity of causing 
deer^ &c., to draw wood and other materials in their room, to 
allay the discontent of the rest. Cadoc afterwards went to 
Jerusalem, and, on his return, after causing the punishment 
of several persons who attacked the property of his monastery, 
pardoned St. David for holding a Synod during his absence, 
as he had acted by heavenly suggestion. At this time, Iltut 

k3 



148 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 490 was steward to Paul Pennichen, and, having witnessed the 
^ ' * punishment of some of his followers, who while hawking had 
demanded refreshments from Cadoe. he quitted the court and 
entered on a religious course of life. Cadoc built another 
church of wood, there being among his workmeii an Irishman, 
whose skill excited so much envj among his companions that 
they cut o£f his head and throw it into a pond. Cadoc went on 
a pilgrimage to St. Andrew's, and built a church there. On his 
return to Lancarvan he met with Gildas, the son of Cau^ on 
his way to Rome with a bell which he intended to present to 
the Pope ; but on Gildas showing it to Pope Alexander, it 
would not sound. On the Pope hearing that Cadoc had wished 
to possess it, ho ordered Gildas to carry it back to him, and 
it was ever after held in the highest reverence. Cadoc 
buried his father's body at Eyglis Gunlin. He sent two of 
his followers to fetch '^ Liber Manualis ;" but at the same 
time foretold that they would never return. This was ve- 
rified, for they were drowned in mid-sea between the islands of 
Echni.. Gildas wrote a copy of the Gospels for Cadoc while 
at Echni. (Here is inserted in a different hand an account of 
Cadoc's retiring place during Lent, and of his manner of life 
by the river Ned.) Cadoc afterwards went to Britanny, 
where he built a monastery of stone, and a stone bridge Q^ ar« 
^' tificiose formaceo opere compositum, arcus cemento con- 
" glutinatos habentem"). He also built a monastery in Al- 
bania, where three of his followers were buried.* 

Cadoc was warned by a vision that he should be conveyed 
to Benevento, and was ordered to commit the monastery of 
Lancarvan to the care of Elli, who annually paid him a visit. 
On his arrival at Benevento, Cadoc was elected bishop, and 
finally suffered martyrdom. 

After the Life follows an account of various miracles (f. 33), 
the genealogy also of Cadoc from Augustus Cesar (f. 36). 
Guladusa's genealogy is traced through her father to Brisccstan, 
an L*ish King, 'and through her mother to Anna, niece (f. 36 b^ 
of the Virgin Mary, and mother of Beli* 

In the establishment founded at Lancarvan by Cadoc, each of 
the 36 canons had a residence in " atrio " and an endowed pre« 



* Here these words occur : — " Explicit Vita S. Cadoci qui et Sophis ; 
** incipit Passio (gusdem in Beneventana ciyitatet'* 



TO THE KAJBLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. l49 

bend. The MS. concludes with an account of various donations A.D. 490 
to the fonndationy and the punishment of Mailgun, king of all ^—^*^' 
Britain. The Life affords various notices of Welsh kings and 
places $ but if it contains any accounts of real transactions, 
thej are so overlaid with fable and absurdity that it would not 
bo an easy task to derive any utility from them. 

Bollandus says that Cadoc lived in the 7th century, and is 
startled at the miracles related in his Life. Hai*psfield (^' His- 
** toria Anglicana Ecclesiastica ") gives Uie date as 670, which 
is more probable, if we are to believe that he was contemporary 
with Arthur and his successor Mailgun. There is, however, 
much doubt about the date when Cadoc lived, and also as to 
the place of which he was Bishop. 

This Life occurs also in MS. Bubi® Yallis, and is abbre- 
viated in ^^ Liber Landavensis." Cadoc is mentioned in tLe 
Life of Iltutus, 6th Nov* ; Gundleus, 29th March ; and Keyna, 
8th October. 



c< 



430. Vita et Pafisio S. CadocL 

MS. Cott Titos D. zziL ft 51-107. yell. Sva xiii. cent 

Bubr, — ''Incipit Praefatio in Vita Beatissimi Cadoci, qui et 
Sophias, Episcopi et Martyris Beneventanas civitatis." 
Inc^^ Pr<Bf. — ^' Quondam in quibusdam finibus Britannicje 
" regionis." 
Incip. Prol.^-^^^ Post multum vero temporis intervallum.'^ 
Incip. Vita. — " Igitur peractis hiis omnibus." 
ExpL Vita. — '* Calamum divino nutu vertere." 



431. Paasio ejusdem. 

Ibid. flF. 107-134. 



Incip, — '^ Apparuit Angelus Domini beato Cadoco." 

JixpL — ^**Luiper, Seru, Peul.'' 

This is the same text as that of Yespas. A. xiv. (No. 429.) 



150 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MAiaJSCBIPTS BELATIKO 

A.D. 490 432. Vita Sancti Cadoci, Episcopi Beneventani. 

MS. Adunole, 794. ff. 931—247. ptper. xr, oent 

This MS. is imperfect at both beginning and end. The 
first words are '*.... Dens tuus plenum casteUom tnum 
" de animabus hominum ;" and the last — *' De laicis. Gomei. 
^* Guedgnon, GuedquL Sonus. Atderrig. Qui ••••'* From 
some ancient MS. Lhujd attempted to supply the beginning, 
of which he remarked, " desiderantur tres vel quatuor paginss," 
and filled the page 229 a. at the end of the foregoing MS. The 
first words, as thus supplied, are — '^Vita Sancti Caradoci 
" Episcopi Beneventani. Incipit Frsefatio in Vita beatissimi 
'' Cadoci Episcopi et martjris BeneventansB civitatis. Quon- 
" dam in quibusdam finibus Britannise.'' (See the Catalogue 
of Ashmolcan MSS., p. 241.) 

It seems to be the same text as that of the Cottonian MS. 
Vespas. A. xiv. No. 428. 



433. Vita S. Cadoci Episcopi et Martyris Beneveniaiue 

civitatis. 

MS. Ashmole, 1289. £ 75-79 b. yelL laTfge 4ixk xlv. cent 

Inctp. Ptoff,-^*^ Quondam in quibusdam finibus Britanniie." 
IJxpL — " Signo salutiferte crucis se munivit, atque inmanus 
" Omnipotentisspiritum emisit." 

An abridgment of the ** Liber Landavensis ^ to the death of 
Cadoc. 



434. De Sancto Cadpco. 

MS. Cott. Tiber. E. i. £ 29 b. rell. folio. 

The beginning of this Life is entirely destroyed by fird. 

ExpL — ^'et est ibi ecclesia parochialis in piano sita.'' 

The MS. is the '^ Sanctilogium " of John of Tinmouth, 

already mentioned. (Noi 35.) It is in Capgrare's <'Nova 

" Legenda Anglias." 



TO THE EABLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 151 

486. Vita S. Cadoci. A.D. 490 

— 670. 
MS. BodL Tanner. 15. ff. 91-94b. veil, folio, xt. cent. 

Inctp. — " Sanctus enim Cadocus Gundlei regis Alius." 

Expl — **et est ibi ecclesia parochialis in piano sita." 

The same text as in Capgrave's " Nova Legenda Angli©." 

See No. 88. 



A.D. 670. A.D. 670. 

436. Vita S. Qildae Sapientis ab anno 620 usque an. 670, 
auciore Caradoco LancarbanensL 

M& O.G.C. Cmt 189. 24. rell. folio, t^ cent 

Incip. — "Nan fuii Rex Scotiae, nobilissimus regum Aqui' 
" lonalinniy qui viginti et quatuor filios habuit.*' 

ExpL — ** cujus anima requievit, et requiescit, requiescet, in 
*' coelesti requie. Amen." Then follows a section beginning 
** Tnisgutrin nominata fuit/' and ending '^ Glastiberia, id est| 
** Vitrea dvitas.'* 

" Nancarbanensis dictamlna sunt Caratocl 
Qui legat, emendate placet iUi compositori.'** 

Cotophan "Explicit,'* 

Printed bj the Bey. Joseph Stevenson ; and prefixed to the \ 
English Historical Society's edition of Gildas^ 1838. 

There has been some doubt whether this piece has been 
rightlj attributed to Caradoc of Lancarvan ; but the couplet 
found in the MS. C. C. C. Cant, seems to assign it to that 
personage. 

Caradoc livedo it is supposed^ in the 12th century. 

This is seemingly the MS. used by Usher, and cited by him 
in his " Primordia," 442, 468. 

Gildas was one of the twenty-four sons of Nau> king of Scot* 
land. Being destined to a learned life by his parents, he became 
very diligent, and went to France to complete his studies ; where 
he attained to a great eminence in the several branches of 
learning, returning home at the end of seven years with 

* Pits, p. 215, cites a copy containing the fbUowing distich at the con^ 
dnsion ^^ 

" HittorisB veteris Gildas Inctilentns arator 
Hseo retolit, par^o carmine plara notans:*' 



152 DESCBIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MAJCUSCBIPTS BELATING 

A.D. 570. a great number of books. He was now resorted to bj manj 
for instruction ; became an anchoret *, was verj charitable, and 
practised various austerities; preached with great efficacy 
throughout the three kingdoms of Britain ; on one occasion 
lost the power of utterance (which is miraculously ac- 
counted for by the author) ; went to Ireland, and converted 
many to the Catholic faith. At this time lived Arthur, king 
of all Britain, whom Gildas was desirous of obeying, but his 
twenty-three brethren resisted. Huel, in particular, coming 
from Scotland, and ravaging Britain, was killed by Arthur ; at 
which time Gildas was residing in Ireland, teaching a school 
at Armagh. On hearing of his brother's death, he came to 
Britain, bringing with him a remarkable bell, which he de- 
signed presenting to the Pope : he was here met by Arthur, 
who entreated forgiveness for the death of HueL Gildas 
then proceeded to Rome, and presented his bell to the Pope, 
who not being able to make it ring, inquired what remark- 
able circumstance bad happened on his journey ; whereupon 
he was informed that Cadoc, abbot of Lancarvan, had been 
desirous of purchasing it, but that he (Gildas), having pre- 
viously determined to present it to St. Peter, refused to 
sell it. The Pope immediately desired that so holy a man as 
Cadoc, who had been seven times to Rome, and thrice to 
Jerusalem, should be gratified with the possession of the bell ; 
which, on his return, Gildas presented to Cadoc. He then 
taught a school at Lancarvan, where he wrote a beautiful 
copy of the Gk)spels, still kept* there ; after which he retired to 
an island, which he was compelled to desert on account of the 
Orkney pirates ; repairing thence to Glastonbury, he wrote 
hi^ ''Historian de Regibus Britannias." During his resi- 
dence there, Glastonbury was besieged by Arthur, on account 
of his queen Guenever, who had been ravished and carried 
thither by king Meluas. Meluas was prevailed upon by Gildas 
and the Abbot to restore her to Arthur, and a pacification 
ensued. Gildas then became a recluse near Glastonbury, 
built a chapel to the Trinity, died, and was buried in the 
middle of the church of St. Mary at that place. 

A transcript of this MS. of the seventeenth century is ako 
in MS. C.C.C. Cant. 101, p. 43. 

* t. e., in the time of the writer of the Life* 



IX) THE EABLY HISTOBT OF GREAT BRITAIN. 153 

437. Vita Sanctissimi atque doctissimi viri Gildse. A.D. 570. 

MS. Barney. 810. ff. 330-334. yelL folio, xiv. cent 

Rtdfr, — ^* Incipiimt Capitula in Vita sauctissimi atque doc- 
'' tissimi Gildffi." 

Then follow thirtj heads of Chapters. 

Rubr, — ^ Expliciant Capitula. Incipit Vita Sancti Gildie.'' 

Incip, — " Nau fuit rex Scotiw." 

J5:ay/.— « Vitrea civitas," 

This volume was written at Finchale, near Durham, in the 
year 1381, and the text which it furnishes is in general 
accurate ; it was used by Mr. Stevenson in his edition, pub- f 
lished for the English Historical Society. 



438. Vita S. Gildte. 

MS. Sloane. 4785. £ 9-15. 



A transcript of the above made in the last century. 
At the end it has the words, — 

^* Nancarbanensis dictamina sunt Caratoci 
Qui legat, emendat, placet iUi compositori." 



439. Vita S. Gfld^e. 



Ma Beg. 13. B. Til ft 20-25 b, paper, folio. xvL cent 
Apparently a transcript of MS. Burney, No. 437, having 
at the end the final words as above. There is, however, no 
memorandum to show from what MS. it was transcribed. 
In some instances it corrects the errors of that copy. 



u 



440. Vita Sanctissimi atque doctissimi Gildse. . 

MS. Eccl* Dnnelm. B. il 35. 7. folio. 

Ine^, — ^^Nall fuit rex Scotise, nobilissimus regum Aqui- 
lonalium, qui yiginti et quatuor filios habuit" 

A fine copy, written about the year 1 166. 
This seems to be the same work as No. 436. 



164 DESCRIPnVS CATALOGUE OF HANTTSCRIFra SBLAHNO 

AJ)« 570. 441 . Ici oommence la vie Moiuieigneur S. Gildas. 

MS. Egerton. No. 745. £ 78l>.^90« yelL 4to. ziy. oent 

Incip. — ^ Saint Gildafle fu nez de Bretaigne." 

ExpL-^*^ Qui puis saintemcnt.'* 

This is a very fine MS^ and is adorned with many 
beautiful illuminations. 

Gildas is here said to have been a native of Bretagne, and 
to have been educated under St Phjlebert, '' qui done estoit 
** abes de Toumaj." 



442. De Sanoto Oilda Abbaie et Confeesora 

MS. Cott Tiber. R i. ff. 31 b-32. yelL folia 
Incip, — ^* Rex quidam Albaniae nomine Can." 
Expl, — ^The conclusion being burnt, is illegible. 
In the " Sanctilogium of John Tinmouth/' already de- 
scribed. (No. 35.) 
Printed in Capgrave^s ^^Nova Legenda Angliad** (f. 156). 



443. Vita S. Gildse Abbatis et Confessoris. 

MS. BodL Tanner. 15. f. 283. yell, folio, zy. oent 
Incip, — ** Rex quidam Albaniaa nomine Can." 
Expl, — << et partem sui fisci cui yoluorit tradat" 
The same text as No. 442. 



444. Vita QildflB. 

MS. Trin. CoIL Dablin. 284. 



445. Sancti Gildse Sapientis Vita, auctore monacho 
Ruyensi anonymo, ab an. 620 ad an. 670. 

'Ex MS. Kuyensi. 

Incip, — '^Beatus Gildas AreclufiA fertilissima regiono ori« 
** undusy patre Cauno*'* 

Expl. (abruptly, cap. 46)—" . . . Abbatibus atque Canonicis 
" nobilibus qui aderant ut . 



i , • 



TO THE EAHLT HISTOBT OF OBEAT BBITAIN. 156 

This Life of GildaSi bj the Monk of Rujb,* was first pub* A.D. 670. 
lished by Du Bosc, in the "Bibliotheca Floriacensis," p. 249* 
46dy from imperfect manuscripts^t and reprinted bj the . 
Bollandisto in their '* Acta Sanctorum," ii. 968 (29 Jan.) X 
A fuller text was afterwards given byMabillon in the ** Acta 
*' Sanctorum Ord. Benedict.," i* 138. 

According to this Life, Gildas was bom at Arecluta. His 
father, Caunus, has five sons, the eldest of whom is named 
Cuillus, and succeeds his father in the kingdom* Gildas ifi 
educated bj St. Etutus. He goes to Iren for further instruction. 
He then conrerts the Pagans in the northern parts of Britain. 
At the request of St. Brigit he makes and sends her a bell. 
He is invited to Lreland hy King Ammericus, where he 
instructs the people *^in fide Catholica ut sanctam Trinitatem 
** colerent." He builds monasteries, and instructs manj sons of 
the nobilitj " n(»*m& regularis discipline." He preaches to the 
Angles t he then goes to Rome and to Ravenna ; and thence 
to Britannjr, where he builds an oratory, where, wanting glais 
for the east window, he betakes himself to prayer, and shortly 
after finds what he requires. When about to die, Gildas 
directs his body to be placed in a boat and left to the mercy of 
the waves, in order to prevent contention about it. The . 
people of Comugallia, attempting to seize bis remains, are 
prevented by the vessel sinking ; but the body is afterwards 
found and carried to Buys. 

It has been conjectured that there wore two, if not three 
Individuals called Gildas, who wet*o designated as Gildas 
Albanius, Cambrius, and Sapiens or Badonicus ; and Arch* 
bishop Usher^ from certain chronological notices of the two 
lives, thinks that the Monk of Ruys has confounded the actions 
of Gildas Albanius with those of Gildas Badonicus, the first of 
whom he considers to have been bom about A.D. 425, while 



* ThiB piece u sapposed to tiare been vHtteil upon the occasion of ttie 
Tnmslation of the remains of St. Gildas by the monks of Ruys (near Rennes) 
when they fied Into Bern, about the year 919, fh)m the irruptions of the 
Northmen. BoHanduB thinks that it was written shortly after 1024. 

t ** £x vetustissimis Floriacensibus membranis, m quibus tamen qnsedam 
•* desunt." 

X Bolbmdus fixei no date for Gildas^ deatb, but says that he was bom 
A.D. 493, and wrote in 543. He does not admit that there was more than 
one Gildas. He had not seen the Life by Caradoc 



156 DESGRIPnVE CATALOQUE OF HANUSCBIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 570. the latter is stated to have died about 670 : it deserves remark, 
faoweyer, that both are said to have been bom in Scotland. 
One was the son of Nau, the other of Cau, and the eldest son 
of one was Hue!, of the other Cuil. Both Lives have stories of 
a bell ; both Gildases go into Ireland ; both go to Borne ; both 
build churches. The monk of Buys quotes several passages 
from the tract ^' De ExcidiOy** and assigns it to Gildas. Caradoc 
also calls him ** Historiographus Britonum/' and sajs he wrote 
** Historic de Begibus Britonum.^ 

If it be allowable to analyze the two Lives^ and appropriate 
to each what will not accord with the supposed time of the 
other, tuH} persons of that name will of course be brought into 
action ; the latter of whom is considered as the author of the 
'^Excidium/' though when he was born is still in dispute. 
Mabillon, "Acta Benedict.,*'* gives A.D. 434 as the date ; 
Usher, A.D. 520 ; and the author of MS. Harl. 3859 (supposing 
his birth to have taken place the year of the Battle of Mount 
Badon) A.D. 516^ placing his death in A.D. 570, which is 
about the time usually assigned for that event. 



A.D. 571. A.D. 671. 

446. Vita S, Molaisijtalias I^aseriani, Abbatis Daiminiem>id 

sive Devenishensis. 

MS. BodL RawL B. 505. pp. 95-100 veil, folio, xiy. cent 
MS. Bodl. BftwL B. 485. f. 169. veil. 4(o. xiy. cent. 

/nctp. — « Postquam, Divina gratia operanto, per S. Patrick 
" preedicationem infldelitatis tenebr«'e ab insula Hibernise sunt 
" dcpulsaB." 

Expl. — " feliciter in Domino obdonnivit^ qui cum Patre et 
'< Spiritu Sancto vivit et regnat in s8Bcula sasculorum. Amen." 

Laisrean, alias Molaisius, was brought up in the school of 
St. Finian, at Cluainirad, and was one of tlie twelve disciples 
of that Saint. He founded the Monastery of Daimh Inis (the 
Isle of the Ox) on Lake Erne. He died 12th December 570. 



* On this subject, see ** Mon. Hist Brit*' Preiace, 59, note (1.) 
f There was another Saint of this name, who died A.D. 640. 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF OREAt BRITAIN. 157 

A.D. 673. A.D. 573. 

447. Vita S. Fauli Leonensis Episcopi, auctore Monacho 

Floriacensi. 

Incip. PtiBf. — "Praeclarum virtutis documentum.** 

Incip.Vita. — '< Sanctus Faulus, cognomento Aurelianus, 
" clarissimi Britonum viri." 

ExpL — " Sanctffi memorias locis, ad laudem Domini nostri 
^< Jesu Christi, qui cum Patre et Spiritu Sancto yivit et regnat 
** in saecula saeculorum. Amen." 

Printed in the ^'Acta Sanctorum," ii. 108 (12 March), from 
two MSS.: (1.) ''MS. Monasterii YallislucentiB in dioc. 
" Senonensi," communicated by Chiflet ; (2.) MS. sent from 
Rouen, and collated with the fragment by Du Bosc in the 
" BibUoth. Floriac." 

Paul was born of noble parents in Cornwall, and was cousin 
and fellow-disciple of Samson under lUutus. Ho left Cornwall 
and passed into Armorica, where he passed an eremitical life 
at Osismians, on that coast. He eventually became a Bishop, 
though much against his inclination, and when he had com- 
pleted the conversion of the country over which he presided, 
he resigned his see to a disciple and again returned to a 
hermitage. 

448. Vita S. Pauli Episcopi Leonensis Armorica seu 

Minori Britannia. 

MS. Floriacensis. 

Incip. (imperfect, about the middle of the fourth Chapter). — 
" Non est nobis desperandum." 

ExpL"^^* SancUe memoriae locis, ad laudem Domini nostri 
'< Jesu Christi, qui cum Patre et Spiritu Sancto vivit et regnat 
*' in saecula saeculorum. Amen." 

Printed by du Bosc in the ^' Bibliotheca Floriacensis." 



449. Vita S. Pauli Episcopi in Britannia. 

MS. Bibl. du Roi. 4279. 11. olim Colbert, veil. xiy. cent 



450. Yiia S. Pauli Episcopi Leonensis. 

MS. Bibl. dtt Koi. 4297. 30. olim Colbert, yell. xiii. oeot. 



158 DESCBIPTIYIS CATALOOUS OF HAKUSGBIFT8 BEIATINa 

AJ). 57a. 461. Vita S. Pauli Episcopi in Britannia. 

Ma Bibl da RoL 6318. 88. olim Bigot velL ziiL cent 



452. Vita S. Pauli Leonensia Episcopi. 

Ma BibL du Boi. 6349. S7. olim Colbert TelL xit. cent 



453. Yita S. Pauli Episoopi Leonensis et Confeasoria 

MS. BibL da Rol 5352. 27. olim Colbert. veU. xir. cent 



A.D. 575. A.D. 576. 

454. Vita S. Maglorii Episoopi Dolensis in Armorica ad 

an. circiter 676. 

Ma a German. Paris. 

/nct/i.— '' Magnifies sanctitatis vir Domini Haglorius.*' 

Exph — '^ cujus mors pretiosa est anto Deum, qui yirit et 
^' regnat per infinita sascula sseculorum, Amen." 

Very briefly abridged in Capgrave's " Nova Legends An- 
« gUffi" (ff. 221 b.-222). It is printed inMabillon's "Acta 
" Bened./' i. 209 (Edit. Venice), and with many alterations, 
by Surius, iv. Oct. 24. 

Maglorius was bom in Britain, and was related to Samson, 
a scholar of Etutus. He was ordained Deacon by Samson, 
Bishop of Dol, and accompanied him to Armorica, about 521. 
Samson appointed Maglorius his successor, abdicated his see, 
and retired into solitude. Maglorius died 24 Oct. 575. 

The author of this piece is unknown, but he seems to have 
lived in the thirteenth century. 



456. De S. Maglorio. 

MS. Cott Tiber. E. I ff. 262 b.-26S. veU. folio. 
MS. BodL Tanner. 15. p. 397. Tell, folia xt. cent 

Ineip, — " Sanctus Maglorius quasi magna gloria.*' 

Expl. — " et nono kalendas Novembris ad Christum mi* 

« gravit." 
Printed in Capgrave's ^<Nova Legenda Angliae." (See 

No. 35.) 



TO THB BABL7 HISTORY OF ORSAT BRITAIN. 159 

466. Vita S. Maglorii, Polensis Episcopi. A.D. 575. 

MS. BibL dn BoL 6283. 19. olim Colbert. Tell. xi. cent 
MS. Bibl. de I'^cole de M6decine, Montpellier. I yell, folio. 



A.D. 676. A.D. 676. 

467. Vita S. Constantini, Regis et MonacM Scoti». 

Jnetp. — " Constantinus, Paterai Regis Cornubise Alius." 
ExpL — " Obiit autem circa annos Domini quingentos sep- 

" tuaginta sex." 

' An Historical Commentary on this Life is printed in the 

"Acta Sanctorum," ii. 64 (11 March), found^ed on the "Bre- 

«* viary of Aberdeen." 



A.D. 578. A.l>. 578. 

458. Vita S. Brendani. 

MS. Cott Tiber. D. iii. ff. 107-118. yell, folio, xii. cent. 
MS. Cott Vegpas. A. xiy. f. 1 01 b. veil. 4to. xii. cent. 
MS. Cott. Yesp. B. x. ff. U b.-Sl. yelL 8yo. dble. cols. xUL cent 
MS. Hftri. 108. & 43*59 b. yell. 4to. xiy. cent 
MS. Harl.8776.fi: 67-75 b. yeU. 4to. xiii. cent 
MS. Harl. 3958. ff. 103 b.-12l b. yelL folio, xiii. cent 
MS. Beg. 8 E. xyii. ff. 128 b-138 b. yell. 4to, dble cols. xiii. cent 
MS. Addit Brit Mas. 6047. ff. 255-266 b. paper, small folio, xyii cent 
MS. BodL Laud. Misc. 44 (545). ff. 27 b-ll7. yell. 4to. xy. cent 
MS. BodL Land. Misc. 178. (778.) yeU. 4to. xiy. cent 
MS. BodL Land. Misc. 237 (1013). ff. 229 b-244. yelL folio. xiiL oent 
MS. Bodl. Land. Misc. 315 (1055) ff. 165b.~-175b. yell. 4to. xy. cent 

MS. BodL Laud. Misc. 410. ff. 40 h.68 b. yelL 4ta xlL oent 

MS. ColL Balliol. Oxon. 226. ff 72-86. yell, folio, dble cols. xiii. cent 

MS. ColL I^coln. Oxbn. 27. ff. 186 b-205 b. yell. 4to. xi and xii. cent 

MS. C. C. C. Cant 275. ff. 46-58 b. yell, small folio, xiy. cent 

MS. Vatic. Begin. ChristiniB. 217* yelL 4ta ix. cent 
MS. Vatic. Begin. Christinse. 481. ff. 28-42 b. yell. 4to. xii. cent 
MS. Lanrentianse-MedicaD. I. 362. cod. xii. yell, small 4to. xiii. cent 
MS. Montis Cassinensis 152, ff. 80-1 02b. yeU. small foUo. xy. cent 

MS. Vienna. 
MS. Augsburg. 
MS. Bibl. S. Udalrici et Aftm Augustss. paper 4to. xy. cent 
MS. BibL de Cambrai 735. yelL 4to. xiii. cent 



160 DESCUIPnVE CATALOGUE OF MAKUSCRIPT8 BELATINQ 

A.D. 578. ^^' ^'^^ ^ Cambmi, 744. vdl. 4to. xr. cent 

MS. Insal. apad Clandiiim Daresmienlx.* 

MS. Vallicellan. yii in folio, yell. xiii. cent 

MS. BibL Dacnm Bnrgundie 1160. xy. cent 

MS. Bibl. Dacnm BnrgnndiK 8638. xr. cent 

Ma BibL de la VUle de laon 345. yelL folio, xiu. cent 

Ineip. — ^* Sanctus Brendanas, filiua Fiulocha, nepotis Al- 
« thildffi." 

ExpL-^** Inter manus discipulomm gloriose migravU ad 
** Dominum, cui est honor et gloria in ueciila saBClilorum. 
" Amen.** 

All the aboye MSS. contain the same text, with occasional 
variations of little importance. 

There is an Historical Commentary in reference to this per- 
sonage in the "Acta Sanctorum,** iii. 599 (16 Maj) ; but no 
Life is there printed. It is abridged in Capgrare's " Nova 
" Legenda Anglise,** with an account of Brendan, before his 
voyage, prefixed, and some additions after his return. In the 
early part Capgrave nearly follows the original, but afterwards 
he abridges it considerably. 

This Life has also been printed by M. Achille Jubinal (Paris, 
1836), and a fragment of it by the Bev. W. J.Rees, in the 
" Liber Landavensis," already mentioned. 

St. Brendan, the elder, son of Finloga, was born in Ireland, 
A.D. 484. From Ireland he passed into Britain, and became 
a disciple of St. Gildas. He built the monastery of Ailech 
and a church in a territory called Heth ; lived in the abbey 
of Llancarvan, and is said to have been abbot there ; baptised 
St. Machutus, and finally returned to Ireland, where he founded 
many monasteries, the chief of which was at Cluainfeart, or 
Clonfert, on the Shannon. He wrote a Monastic Rule, and 
died at the age of 93, on the 16th May, A.D. 578, in the 
monastery he had built for his sister Briga at Enach-duin, 
in Connaught ; but was buried at Clonfert, 



459. Vita S. Brendani, OaUice. 

MS. Cott. Yesp. B. x. ff. 1-1 i. veil. 8yo. dble. ools. xiii. cent. 
MS. Dec. et Cap. Eborac 16 H. 5, 1, 2. 

Incip, — <^ Donna Aaliz la reine. 

Par qui valdrat lei devine.** 

* See " Bibliotbeca Belgica Manuscripta.** 



TO THE EARLT HISTORY OF QREAT BRITAIN. 161 

^arpi— " Par qui lui enuunt plusur que mil." ^ p ^^ 

Co^Aow.—" Explicit Vita Sancti Brondani.". 
The poem consists of about 1,800 lines. 



460, La Vie Monseigneur S. Brandan. 

MS. Addit. Brit. Mns. 65S4, ff. l29b.-lS7b. Tell. fbUo. dble cols. ziii. cent 

Bubr. — " Si comence la vie mon Seigneur Seint Brandan." 
Ineip. — ** £n la vie mon Seigneur Seint Brandan." 
ExpL — '' Avec qui nos puissons regnir in ssecula ssBculorum. 
" Amen.** 



46L Vita S. Brendani, versibus rhythmicis. 

MS. Cott. Vespas. D. ix. ff. 1-9 veil, small 4to. xiii. cent. 

Incip, Dedicai.'^^* Vana vanis garriat pagina pagana, 

" Greges, agros, proelia, vox Virgiliana." 
Incip, Vita, — " Modis hie ut praecipit rhythmicis explano." 
ExpL Vita, — " Vigeat et valeat Alexander meus." 
Cdophon,-^*^ Expliciunt Acta Sancti Brendani." 



462. Vita S. Brendani 

MS. Stowe, No. xxxvi. 



This purports to be in the Irish language and character, 
and hitherto unpublished.. It is said to have been transcribed 
from an ancient MS. belonging to the monastery of Carrick- 
fergus. 

See O'Connor's Catalogue of the Stowe MSS., p. 175. 



463. De S. Brendano. 



MS. Cott. Tiber. B. 1. fF. 128-134. 
MS. BodL Tanner 15. f. 75. veil, folio, dble cols. xv. cent. 



/lurtjp.-— '^ Sanctus enim Brendanus. 
ExpL^^** £t in Cluenarca sepelitur. 
VOL. I. 



» 



162 JDESCBIPnVE CATALOGUE OF XAKUSCBIPTS BELATIKG 

A.D. 578. This is the same text as that printed in Capgrave's ^ Nova 
** Legenda Angliae." For a description of iheso MSS., see 
Nos. 35 and 38. 



\ 



464. Versus rhythmici de S. Brendan! Yita^metrica, 

fabulifl pullulante anilibua 

MS. Coll. Liacoln. Ozon. 27. ff. 2V-6. yelL 4to. xL and xii. cent 

Incip, — ** Hie poeta, qui Brendani Vitam vult describere, 
" Grave crimen viro Dei videtur incurrere.'* 



465. Vita S. Brendani Abbaiis. 

MS. Bodl. BawL B. 505. p. 24 veil, folio, ziv. cent 
MS. Bodl. Bawl. B. 485. f. 144. yell. 4to. xiv. cent 

Ineip."^^* Fait vir vits venerabilis, Brendanns nomine." 
ExpL^^*^ Kalendas Janii, regnante Domino nostro Jesn 
" Christo, qui cum Patre et Spiritu Sancto vivit et regnat 
<* Deus per omnia sa^ula saeculorum. Amen.'* 



466. Yita S. Brendani. 

MS. Bodl. e Muwo. 3. 1 213 (3496). 



467. Life of Si Brendan. 

MS. Harl 2277. ff. 41b.^51. veil. 4to. xiv. cent 

MS. C.CC. Cant 145. veil, small folio, xiv. cent 

MS. Bodl. 779. (2567.) ff. 2-17. paper large 4to. xv. oent 

MS. Bodl. Land, Miac. 108. (I486.) ff. 104-111. veU. folio, xiv. cent 

MS. BodL Land. Miac. 463. (1596.) ff: 46-50. veil foUo. xiv. cent 

MS. BodL Tanner. 17. ff: 99 1>.-107 b. velL imall folia xv. eent« 

MS. Aahmole. 43. ff 71 b-80b. veH 4to. circa ISOO. 

Ma CoIL Trinit Oxod. 57. t 39. valL folio, xv. cent 



« There is in thia MS. a fiill length figure of St Brendan, vHh an oar 
in hia right hand. 



10 THB EABLT HISTOBY OF OBEAT BBITAIN. 163 

Incip. — ** Seint Brendan the holi man was zund of Irlande : A.D. 578. 
'' Monek he was of hard Ijf, as I vnderstonde." 

JSaepL — " Nou God ns bringe to thulke joye that his soule 
" wende to. Amen." 

This Life is ascribed to Robert of Gloucester. The text of 
the above MSS. differs slightly in verbal phraseology, but 
the matter is the same. 

It was first printed by Wynkyn de "Worde ; a copy of which 
edition, supposed to be unique, is in the Grenville Library in 
the British Museum. 

This Life has also been edited by Mr. Thomas Wright for 
the Percy Society, in 1844* 



468. Vita S. Brendani. 

MS. Bibl da Boi. 2444. 2. olim Colbert veD. ziii cent 

MS. BibL da Boi. 2845. 2. olim Ludovici de Tarny. yell. xiv. cent. 

MS. BibL du Boi. 3784. 20. olim S. Martial. Lemovicensis. veil, xl cent 

MS. Bibl. da BoL 4887. 8. olim Fatean. yell, zil cent 

MS. BiU. da Bd. 5188. 8. olim S. MartiaL Lemovlcensii. yell. xdii. cent 

MS. BibL da BoL 5284. 28. olim Colbert yelL ziii cent 

MS. BibL da BoL 5348. 2. olim Colbert yell, xiil cent 

MS. BibL du BoL 5371. 2. olim Balaz. yelL xiil cent 

MS. BibL da Boi. 5572. 10. olim Faorlan. yeU. xi. cent 

MS. BibL da BoL append. 2333 a. 3. oUm Fhiliberti de la Mare. yeU. 

xiy. cent 
MS. Bibl. du BoL 6041 a. yell. xly. cent olim Bog. de Qaignieres. 

MS. Bibl. de la Yille de Chatres. 

MS. Fetaylan. in Vaticana. 487. 

MS. Seaaoriana. 114. yell. 

MS. Angflborgi 

MS. Vienna. 

MS. Leipsig. 

MS. Strasbourg. 



469. Legenda brevis de S. Brandano. 

MS. ArundeL 380. f. 24. 

Incip.^^^*^ Vir nomine Brandano." 
Expl,-^^ Redierunt in domum suam." 
A short LeetioDy of no value. 



L 2 



164 DESCBIFnVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATINO 

A.D. 578. 470. A Memorial of St Brandan and other Saints. 

MS. Lambeth. 621. £ 11. paper. 



A.D. 580. A.t>. 580. 

471. Vita S. Cronani, Abbatis Bosereiensis in Hibemia. 

£x IfS. SahnantioenB. (nunc in Bibl. I>iiciii9 BurgundiiB apud BrnzeUam.) 

Incip. — '^ GlorioBUs Abbas Cronanos de provincia Momo- 
^' niensium oriundus fuit» cujus pater Hodranus vocabatur.'* 

ExpL — '' Ipse scilicet Sanctus noster Cronanus inter chores 
'* Angelorumy cum gaudio inenarrabili et saavissiinis car- 
'^ minibus, migravit ad Christum, cui est honor et gloria cum 
" Deo Fatre et Spiritu Sancto, in ssecula sasculorum. Amen.** 

Printed in the « Acta Sanctorum," iii. 580 (28 April) ; the 
last two paragraphs of the MS. being imperfect, were supplied 
to the Editor bj Sirinus, the diligent successor of Golgan. 

St. Cronan founded the monastery of Boscree, which in time 
became an Episcopal see. He is said to have died about the 
year 580. (See ^'De Scriptoribus Hibernias," p. 89.) Others 
place his death in the year 640. 



472. Vita S. Cronani 

MS. Marsh. Dublin. I 88 b-90 b. veil, folia xiiL cent 

This MS. is commonly, though erroneously, called the " Book 
of Kilkenny," and is marked Y. 3, 4. The Tolume contains the 
lives of 28 Saints, all Irish, except St. Antony. 



A.D. 584. A.D. 684. 

473. Vita S. Buadani, Abbatis de Lothra. 

MS. Bodl. Ravi. B. 505. pp. 16-21. veil, folio, xiv. cent 
MS. Bodl. Rawl. B. 485. f. 217. veil. 4to. xiy. cent 

Tncip. — ^'Sanctus Buadanus, de nobilioribus trahens ori- 
" ginem." 



TO THE EABLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 165 

ExpL — '' Premium habet in coelis, in conspectu Omnipo- -A*^* ^^* 
*^ tentie, cui est laus et honor in saecula sseculorum. Amen.*' 

St. Rodan or Ruadan was Abbot of Lotbra, in the county 
of Tipporary. He was educated at Ciuainiraird, or Clonard, 
under St. Finian ; he afterwards founded an abbey at 
Muscrigia or Muscritry in Munster, and another at Lothra 
now Loghroe or Lurghoe), where he died, A.D. 584. 



474. Vita S. Bodani^ sive Euadani^ Abbatis Lothrensis 

in Hibemia. 

Ex MS. SalmantioeDS. (nunc in Bibl. Bucum Burgundiac apnd Bmzellam.) 

Incip. — '^ Kodanus Sanctus, filius Birri, ex nobili genere 
" natus." 

Expl, — '^ Pro his ergo bonis moribus, Sanctus Bodanusmag- 
'* num honorem et praemium habet in coelis^ in conspectu seterni 
'^ Regis Omnipotentis Dei, et Domini nostri Jesu Christi, cui 
« honor et gloria in ssBCula sasculorum. Amen." 

Printed in the "Acta Sanctorum," ii. 382-386 (15 April). 



475. Vita S. Buadani, Abbatis et Confessoris. 

MS. Trin. Coll. Dubluu 652. 
No. 792 of the '' Catalogus MSS. AngUad et Hibernise." 



476. Vita S. Ruadam. 

MS. Marsh. Dublin, it 86-88b. veil, folio, zili. cent 
Ck)mmonly called the "Book of Kilkenny," see No. 472. 



A,D. 689. A.D. 689i 

477. Vita S. Aedi, EpiBCopi Midenfiia 

MS. BodL BawL B. 505. pp. 124-182 yell, folio, ziy. cent 
MS. Bodl. Bawl. B. 485. f. 169. veil. 4to. ziy. cent. 

Incip, — " Sanctus Episcopus Aldus, Alius Brichii, de nepOti* 
** bos Neil oriundus fuit." 



166 DESCEXPTIYB CATALOGUE OF HANUSCEIFrS BELATINQ 

A.D. 589. Expl,-^^^ Begnabit in eternum." 

St. iEdus was a disciple of St Bund, or Otand, a Bishop, in 
whose monastery he was educated. .^^us founded a 
monastery, called Enach-midbrenin, in Munster: he was 
ordained Bishop of Meath, at which place he died, Nor. lOth^ 
A.D. 589. See Usher's '' Brit. Eccl. Antiq.,** p. 498. 



478. Vita S. Aidi Episcopi et Confessoris* 

MS. Marsh. Dublin, ff. 134-135. Tell, folio, xiii. cent 

inctp.— x'' Beatus Aedus Episcopus, Briccii, do nobilioii 
" Ilibernias genere." 

^ap/.-«'' Quarto idus Novembris migravit ad coolum, ubi 
'' regnat Dominus noster Jesus Christus, cui est magni- 
'* ficentia ab omni creatora, cum Deo Patre et Spiritu Sancto, 
'< qui sine fine vivit et regnat per omnia saecula sadculorum. 
" Amen." 

Printed in Colgan's '' Acta Sanctorum RibemiflB,'' L 418, 
from the '* Book of Kilkenny." See No. 472. 

Colgan states that there was another copy of this Life in 
" MS. Insul. Sanctorum." 

There was also an Aldus or Aidanns^ otherwise called Medoc 
or Maidoc, Bishop of Ferns in Ireland^ who died Jan. Slst, 
circa A.D. 632, 



3= 



A.D. 596. A,D. 696. 

479. Vita S. Ciolumbaa, auctore Cuminio.* 

MS. Monsst. Compendienf. 
MS. Belfortt 

Incip. — " Sanctus igitur Columba, Sanctorum natione, per- 
'' plurimis ad salutem oriundus." 

* Colmnba's Life in Irish by his disciple CmninimB, is mentioned by 
O'Connor (Stoire Catal. i. 198) as being in MS. BodL Bairl. B. 505. yell. 
xiy. cent. 

- t Belfort was a Canon of Soissons, and fiirnished Bollandus trith vanons 
transcripts, some of which are in the Boyal Library at Paris. The US; 
here called *^ Belfort " is probably one of the transcripts in qiieition. 



TO THE EABLT HISXOBT OF OBEA.T BBITAIN. 167 

JBxpL — ** Etvirtatum ubertato pollebit Quod et ita, juxta A.D. 596. 
** Sancti sui prophetiam, Dominus complevit, ad laudem et 
" gloriam nominis sui, cai est honor et gloria in sascula. 
^* Amen.** 

Printed in MabiUon's '< Acta Bened." i. 342 (Ed. Venice), 
from the Compidgne MS., and in the ^^Acta Sanctorum," 
uL 180 (9 June), from the Belfort MS. ; also bj Pinkerton, 
(Vitffi Antique Sanctorum), pp. 27-45, [from MabiUon's 
Edition, and hj the Abb6 Migne, in his ** Fatrologias Cursus 
« CompletuB," Ixxxvii. 726. Paris, 1860. 

This Biography consists of 27 Chapters, most of which 
relate to miracles performed by or on jiccount of Columba. 
The whole of their substance is to be found in Adamnan's 
lafe of that Saint, but in a much more extended form. It is . 
generally supposed that Adamnan transferred into his compi- 
lation the narrative of Cuminius almost verbatim ; but, on a 
careful comparison of the two texts, it would seem that the 
text of Cuminius, as it is printed, could not have been that 
used by Adamnan. The printed text of Cuminius has all 
the appearance of being a judicious abridgment of Adamnan. 
Take, for instance, cap. v. of Cuminius, and compare it with 
lib. ill. cap. T. of Adamnan, especially the passage which 
Adamnan professes to cite from Cuminius, and the variations 
will be apparent. 

For an account of St Columba's life, see the next article. 

Cuminius Albus was Abbot of Hii about A.D. 657, and died 
about A.D. 669 ; his death is also placed by some authorities 
under the years 692 and 702. 



480, Vita S. ColumbsB, auctore Adamnono, monasterii 

Hiensis Abbate. 

MS. BibL Fubl. SchafiQiaufi«n« veil. 4to. dble coif. viii. cent. 

/nctp. PrafajU L — ''Beati nostri Patroni, Christo suffra* 
" gante, vitam descripturus.'' 
iiictp. PriBfaU 11,-^^^ Vir erat vits venerabilisetbeatsB me* 



" moris." 



Incip. Vita. — ** Sanctus igitur Columba nobilibus fueratori- 
'* undus genitalibus, patrem habensFidilmitumfiliumFergosi.*' 

£xpL Viia^^^** qui valde senio fessus Presbyter sanctus, ill 
" Hyona insula prassentem finivit vitam.'' 



168 DESCBIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCSIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 596. This MS. formerly belonged to Beichenau^ an island in the 
lower part of Lake Constance. It is i^parentlj of the highest 
value. 

Adamnan's Life of St. Columba was first printed bj Canisios 
(Antiquse Lectiones, v. 559-621) in 1604, on the anthoritj of a 
manuscript preserved in the monastery of Windberg, in Bavaria. 
See No. 482. Messingham, in 1624, reprinted the text of 
Canisius (Florilegium Lisulae Sanctorum, sou Vita et Acta 
Sanctorum Hibemise/' 141-184), adding titles to the Chapters, 
and appending a few marginal glosses, together with testi- 
monies of Adamnan at the beginning, and of St. Columba at 
the end of the Life.* 

Colgan, in 1647, published in his ''Acta Sanctorum Hi- 
« borniffi " (336-372), St. Columba's Life by Adamnan, from a 
transcript of the above MS., discovered by Stephen White, a 
native of Clonmel, in the Benedictine monastery of Beichenau, 
and now deposited in the Public Library of Schaffhausen. 
Colgan prefixes numbers to the Chapters, which are not in the 
original, and errs wherever White has made an omission or 
alteration in the text, but in other respects is correct. 

The Bollandists, in 1698 (Acta Sanctorum, June, ii. 180- 
236), printed this piece, from a transcript furnished by Ste- 
phen White, under the care of Francis Baert» The Editor 
took many liberties with- the copy, changing the division of 
the Chapters, introducing new titles, displacing the original 
ones, and occasionally altering the text. 

The text of Canisius was reprinted, in 1725, by Basnage 
(Thesaurus, i. 674-709). 

Pinkerton, in 1789 (VitsB Antiques Sanctorum, pp. 47-187), 
printed 100 copies of Adamnan's text. He professed to follow 
the MS. in the British Museum (MS. Beg. 8, D. ix.), but baa 
in several instances followed the old reading of the Windberg 
MS. as given by Canisius. 

The last and most valuable Edition of all is that by the 
Rev. Dr. Reeves, undertaken for the Lrish Archseological and 
Celtic Society in 1857, from a MS. of the eighth century, 
in the Public Library at Schaffhausen. This Edition is 
replete with learning, and, like all other of that able scholar^s 

* in 1632 Usher printed the Prologne, the Epilogae, and the ^* Admo* 
" nitio ad scriptores," which were wanting in the previous editions. (Vet 
Epist Hibem. Sylloge, p. 42.) 



TO THE EAfiLT HISTOBT OF GBEAT BBITAIK. 169 

worksy exhibits flcrnpulons care^ modified enthusiasm^ and A.D.596. 
great critical acumen. 

Columba was bom at Gartan, in the county of Donegal, on 
the 7 th December, about the year 621. He was the son of Fedh- 
limidh (a member of the Royal families of Ireland and British 
Dalriada) and Eithne, descended from a proyincial king. He 
was baptized by Cruithnechan, under the name of Colum, at 
Tulach-Dubhglaise (Temple Douglas). He became the pupil 
of St. Finian, the Bishop, in the monastery of Movelle, where 
he was ordained deacon. On leaving that place he proceeded 
to Leinster, and placed himself under the instruction of a bard 
called Gemman. He afterwards entered the monastic semi- 
nary of Clonard, over which St. Finian presided ; and was 
ordained priest by Etchen, Bishop of Clonfad. He remained 
for a short time at the monastery of Mobhi Clarainech, or 
Berchan, and founded the monastery of Durrow in 553. In 
561 a Synod was assembled at Telton, in Meath, to excom- 
municate Columba, which was foiled in its purpose. In conse- 
quence, perhaps, of the proceedings at this Synod, he removed 
to the island of Hii in 563, of which he had a formal grant 
He died in 596, while kneeling at the altar. 

This Life, though very prolix, contains a great number of 
facts, more or less valuable ; they are, however, generally 
accompanied by, or connected with, supposed miraculous cir* 
cumstances. 

In this piece there is no direct notice of his conversion or of 
that of the Picts (the Scots were already Christians in name), 
but there are various circumstances relating to the kings of 
Britain and Ireland. The work is declared by Innes (Civ. 
and Eccl. Hist, p. 145), to be the most authentic voucher now 
remaining of several important particulars of the sacred and 
civil history of the Scots and Picts ; and Pinkerton calls it 
the most complete piece of biography of which Europe can | 
boast, not only at so early a period, but even throughout the 
whole of the middle ages. 

Adamnan,* the author of this Biography, was bom in Ireland 
about the year 624. He was elected abbot of Hii A.D. 679, at 
the age of 55. He was in Ireland from 697 to his death, during 
which period he is said to have collected his materials for the 



* We learn from a line of <me of Alcoin's poems (0pp. iL 819), that the 
thixd syllable of Adamnanus is short 



1 



170 DESCRIPTIVE GITILOOUB OF lONUSCBlPTS BBUTIKa 

AJ>. M6, Ufe of Colambo. He is sapposod to have died about the year 
' 704. Ho undertook this work at the urgent request of his 
brethren (Fratrum flagitationibna obsecundare yolens)^ and 
his information was derived partly from written and partij 
from oral authorities. His written materials were the 
account of Cuminius, or Cummene the Fair, whom he cites 
by name, and whose entire narratiye he is supposed to have 
transferred^ almost yerbatim, into his own compilation (but 
see the remark on this supposition in No. 479) ; he alludes 
also to another memoir, in these words, ''Hanc pnedictam 
'' visionem, non solum paginis inscriptam reperimus ;'* as also 
to certain poems on the praises of Columba, in the Scottish 
tongue, and metrical compositions bearing the name of St 
Maura. 



481. Vita S. Columbaa, auctore Adamnano. 

MS. BibL Beg. S D. ix. ff. 1-70. veil, laige Syo. xy.cent 

Incip. Imperf.'^'* . . . ro pectore verba depromit pro- 
" phetica.** 

Exph^^** fessus presbyter sanctus in lona insula prassentem 
*• finivit vitam.** 

. It has a few sentences more at the end than the Life as 
given in the *' Acta Sanctorum '' and Colgan. 

The text, however, agrees in its main features with that of 
the preceding MS. It is referred to by Pinkerton in his '^ Vita 
** Antique," and '* Enquiry," but is erroneously assigned by 
him, first to the 12th, and then to the 13th| century. 



4$2. Vita S, Columbss, aactoi^e Adamnano. 

M& Monast Windberg in Bavaria. 

The Canisian text, publishod in the '^ Antiqun Lectionet^'' 
Ingoldstadt, 1604, is taken from this MS. See No. 480. 



TO THE EABLT HISTOBT OF GREAT BBITAIN. 171 

483. Vita S. Columb©, auctorc Adamnano. A.D. 6W. 

MS. Marshy Dublin, £P. 39-51 Ik velL folio. ziii..ceiit. 
Commonly called the *' Book of Eilkennj." See No. 472. 



484. Vita S. Columbee, auctore Adamnana 

MS. BibL Beg. Munich, 6341. veil. 4to. x. cent. 

This MS. formerly belonged to the church of Freisingen^ 
situate at the junction of the Moosach and Isar, in Bavaria ; 
its number being 141. 



485. Vita S. Columbda^ auctore Adamnano. 

MS. St QaU. 555. velL small 4to. ix.cent 



486. Vita S« Colombsa, auctore Adamnano. 

MS. Cott. Tiber. D. ili. veil, folio, dble cols. xii. cent 

MS. Bib. Reg. 8. D. ix. (No. 481), is in general a faithful 
representative of this MS., which was one of those ^^ burnt 
'^ to a crust," in the fire of 1731, but has been recently restored. 



487. Vita S. Columbee Fresbyteri et Confessoris, auctore 

Adamnano. 

MS.Adm0nt 

Incip^^^* Sajioina igitur Columba, nobilibus ftierat ori- 
'^ undus natalibus, patrem habens Fedilmitum filium Fergusa, 
" etc** 



488. Adamnanus Abbas de Yita S. Columbce Confessoris. 

MS. SalmaoBteiler (Convent in Wiirteoibarg)^ 



172 DESCBIPnVE CATALOOUB OF UANUSCBIPTS BBLATIMO 

^^- «»«• 489. Vita S. Cokmb©. 

MS. Salmanticensis (nunc in BibL Dacun Borgondin apod Bruxellam). 

Incip, — *' YenerabiliB Abbas et plurimorum pater Cocnobio- 
" rum Columba." 

J^ap/.—" Usque hodie eadem coclestis claritas frequentare 
'' non cessaty ad laudem et gloriam ejus> qui cum et Filio et 
" Spiritu Sancto vivit et rcgnat in sascula saeculorum. Amen/* 

This is a fragment of a Life of St. Columba, differing but 
little from that by Adamnan.* It is printed by Colgan in his 
"Acta Sanctorum Hiberniae,*' ii. 325, from the above MS., 
who ascribes it conjecturally to Cuminius. 

The " Codex Salmanticensis " was so called from Salamanca^ 
in the Irish College at which place, it was formerly preserved. 
An account of its contents is given in Mr. Bindon's communica* 
lion, in the <' Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy," iiL 
498. 



490. Vita S, ColumbsB, Saxonice. 

MS. C.C.C. Cant 196. (oL D. y.) veil, small folio, iz. cent 

Incip. — "On ^one ylcan dseg by]i thaes halgan ma&sse-preostes 
" gemynd See Columba.** 



491. Vita S. Columbsa^ Saxonice. 

MS. Cott JoL A. X. veUL Syo. ix. cent. 

This is the concluding, portion of the Life of Columba in 
Saxon, of which a perfect copy is contained in the Corpus 
Christi College MS. last mentioned. It is marked No. 13, in 
Smith's Catalogue of the Cottonian MSS. 



* The last 13 chapters of Adanman*8 life of Columba occar in MS. 
Bodl. RawL B. 505. £ 56. See O'Connor's Catalogue of the Stowe MSS. 
L 197. 



TO THE EARLT HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 173 

492. Vita S. Colum1:>8B Abbatis et Confessoria A.D. 596. 

MS. Cott Tiber. E. i. £ 180b-182. 
MS. BodL Tanner 15. ff. 108-llS. velL folio, xt. cent 

J7«&r.^''I>6 Sancto Colnmba^ Abbate et Confessore." 
Incip, — ** Anno siqnidem Domini quingentesimo sexagesimo 

" quinto.'* 
Expl, — ** Hibemiam exprimere yolens Scotiam scripsit** 
The same text as that printed in Capgrave's '^ Nova Legenda 

'' Anglis.'* For a description of these MSS., see Nos« 35 

and 38. 



493. Yitaa Antiquse S. Columbee, Lingua Hibernica. 

MS. Stowe, xiii. yelL folio. 

The written leaves of this MS. are 26 ; the first and last are 
missing. Its age is uncertain ; but, probablj, it is of the 12th 
centurj. 

It contains extracts from the most ancient Lives of Columba, 
interlined with a copious Commentary and Gloss, also in 
Irish ; and is illustrated hj quotations from ancient poems of 
the 7th and 8th centuries. 



494. Vita S. Cioluinbce Abbati». 

MS. BodL RawL B. 505. pp. 61-73. veU. folia xiv. cent 
MS. BodL RawL R 485. t 94. veU. 4to. ziy. cent 

Ineip.'-^^* Venerabilis Presbyter Columba." 

ExpL — '^ Frequentaro non cessat^ ad laudem et gloriam ejus, 
*^ qui cum Fatre et Filio et Spiritu Sancto vivit et regnat in 
'' sfBcula ssdculorum. Amen.'* 



495« Vita S. Columbae per Magnum O'Donelluniy Tir- 

oonallifle Principeni, Hibemice. 

MS. Bodl. RawL C. 101. 

The author gives the following account of the composition 
of his work, which is thus translated from the Irish : — 

** Be it known to the reader of this Life, that Magnus the son of 
** Aodh, son of Aodh Boe, son of Nial the Surly, son of Torloch 



I7i DX90Bi?nya cataloqus of MAmxacBiPTS BsuiTiKa 

A.D. 696. « O'Donoell, called the Wine-Drinker, procured the. pnrts of 
" this Life that were written in Latin to be translated into 
" Lish, and that part which was in old obsolete Irish, to be 
** translated into easy (common) Lrish, in order that it might 
** be plain and profitable to all ; and it was he who collected 
** the parts that wero scattered about in old Irish books, and 
** such sayings as came from the Saint's own mouth, and placed 
<* each part in its proper place, as in the sequel. In the GasUo 
" of Port-na-tri-nsmad this Life was completed, A.D. 1532." 
See O'Connor's Catalogue of the Stowe MSS., p. 397. 

A Latin translation of this Life is printed by Colgan in his 
'< Acta Sanctorum HibemiaQ," ii. 389-446. 

/lu^p. — ''SflBCulo illo orbis redempti sexto ad. medium 
" tendente, quo Sanctorum Insula et foecunda genitrix 
** EKbemia tot prope Sanctorum sideribus." 

£jrp/.— 'Indies operatur supema et sacrosancta Triss 
** initio et fine carens, cui sit gloria et honor sine fine in 
" sascula sceculorum. Amen." 



496. Vita Columbm. 

MS. I>ake of Deyonsbire. velL 



There is a modern transcript of this MS. in MS. Phillipps, 
10294. paper, 8yo. xix. cent. 



497. The Viflionfl of Columkille, Hibemice. 

MS.Fhimpiw,8lft8. oUm Heber, 698. 



498. Vita S. Columb© Preabyterl 

M& Bibl. da Bol 53SS. 76. olim Bigot t«1L ziU. omt. 

MS. HdUgenkmiU in Aogtria. 

MS. Vienna. 3 MSS. 

MS. Monast Tegernsee in BsTaria. * xiii. cent 

MS. Bibl. FaU. d'Orleans 172. j^ folio, xr. oeat 



TO TEE BARLT HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 176 



499. Vita et Miracula S. Lethardi, Episcopi et Confessoria AiB.^oe. 

MS. Cott Tiber. E. 1. £f. 123b-lS4. 
MS. Bodl. Tanner. 15. yell folio, xy. cent 

Incip. — ^^DignnsDeo antiates Letardus, predcursor et janitor 
" venturi Angustini.'' 

Expl, — "pleno intellectus et ratione formatur." 

The same text as that printed in Capgrave's ^* NovaLegenda 
'* Angliae,'' f. 218 b. and from him in the ** Acta Sanctorum/' 
iu. 470 (24 Feb.) 

For a description of these MSS. see Nos. 35 and 38. 

It is related bj Beda and William of Malmesburj, that 
Lethard* accompanied Bertha, daughter of Charibert, King 
of France, into England^ on her marriage with Ethelbert, 
King of Kent, and that he resided at Canterbury in the 
capacity of almoner and chaplain to the queen. He is sup- 
posed to have died at Canterbury about the year 596. f 



500. Lectiones de Miraculifl S, Lethardi 

MS. Reg. 5. B. XY. ff. 62 b-64 b. yell, small fbUo. xi cent. 

Ruhr. — « Lectiones de Miraculis Sancti Lethardi Episcopi." 
Indp. — "Dignus Deo antistes Lethardus, prsBcursor et janitor 
" venturi Augustini.'' 

Expl. — "frequentant et prsedicant ad laudem Domini reg- 
<' nantis in sascula. Amen," 



* Lethard is sapposed to haYe been Bishop of Senlis. In the <*0allia 
** Christiana " ix. 1382, there is a ld& of this Saint 

t The Editor of the "Acta Sanctorom" i 492-496 (4 Feb.), has 
printed, from a MS. belonging to Kioholas Belfbrt, canon of SoisMns, a 
life of Leitphard, Archbishop of Canterbnry, written by a monk of the 
Abbey of Honneconrt, in the diocese of Cambrai As that boose passed from 
canons into the hands of monks, only in 1130 (Chron. Balderici Camerac. 
L ii. c. 10. p. 235), this work most haYe been written after that date. The 
anihor etates that Leitphaid, retmming from Borne, was killed in the ibiest 
of Artois, A.D. 632. The series of the Archbishops of Canterbnry is too 
accurately known, to admit the possibiUty of thero having been one of this 
name at that period. 



176 DESCBIPTIYE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS BELATINO 

AJ>. 596. 601. S. Leiuirdi sive Lethardi Miracula. 

MS. CoU. S. Joh. Oxon. 96. I 145 b. yell, ibiio. xiL oent 

/nc^.-^'^Nunc beati Letardi exhibeantur induciaa ; pr»- 
** cursor et janitor AugustiDi apparait." 



502. Vita et Miracula Sancti Letardi Episcopi, auctoi-e 

Go8oelino. 

MS. Cott Vespaa. B. zz. ff. 139. yelL 4ta xii oent 

Indp, — '^Nunc beati Letardi exhibeantur inducise. Dignua 
** Deo antistes Lethardus, pnecursor et janitor ventnri Augus- 
" tini." 
ExpL — ^'multiB gentes cxpertcc frequentant et prsedicant." 
This Life occurs towards the end of the " Translation of 
^' St. Augustine," and is printed in the ^'Acta Sanctorum," 
vi. 441 (26 Maj), as part of that piece ;' (cc. 31-40). It is 
abridged bj Gapgrave in his ** Nova Lcgenda Angli® ; " but 
it does not appear to have been known to the Editors of tho 
'^ Acta Sanctorum " as a separate work ; for thej profess to 
deriye their information respecting St Letard from Capgrave 
only. 



AD. 597. A.D. 697. 

503. De Ethelberti Baptismo per S. Augnstinum, et de 
Sanctis Yirginibus e domo Ethelberti. 

S. C. C. 0. Cant 201. (olim 6. zrilL) f. 147. velL small folia xi cent 

/nop.— ^' On ures Drihtenes naman Ha^lendes Cristes Sds 
** Agustinus gefullode Ae]^lbriht Cantparena Cyninge and 
^* ealle his )>eode ; tk>ime piss Eadbald Ae]>elbrihtes sunu 
'* Gjnges ^ Birihtan hatte his Open." 

Ea^l — ^iSe his J^ridda-fasder Eadbold Cjningc het asettan 
'' Gode to lofe and Sea Marian." 

This seems to be taken from Goscelin*s History of the 
'' Translation of St Augustine," in "Acta Sanctorum," 26 May. 
vi. 439 or 373. Compare <' Acta Sanctorum/' iii. 470 (Feb. 24), 



TO THE EABLT HISTOBY OF OBEIT BRITAIN. 177 

and Capgrave's ** Nova Legenda Anglian" See Hickes' -A-D. 697. 
*« Thesaurus," iL 146. 

Ethelbert was converted and baptized at Whitsuntide, A.D. 
597. 



A.D. 697. A.D. 697. 

504*. Historia Britonum, ad tempera B. Augustini, Anglo- 
rum Apostoli ; per Gildam ; versu heroico. 

MS. Cott Joliufl, D. zi £ 2-60. veil, small 4to. ziy. cent. 

Incip, — ** Primus ab Ttalia post patris fata relegat 

Brutum. Nubit ei regalis virgo. Djanam 

Consulit. Invadit Mauros : Oorineum sibi jungit. 

Post maris et terras diversa pericula, vincit 

Pietavos, Turonim sibi construit. Albion intrat. 

Gaudens sacrificat. Discurrit per loca. Nomen 

Lnmutat terras. Sociis assignat abundas 

Pro meritis sortes. Urbes, castella, deorum 

Templa facit. Statuit leges, et semina spargi 

Praecepit in terra, tutos jubet esse colonos. 

Calliope, referas, ut, te referente, renarrem 

Undo genus Britonum, quas nominis hujus origo, 

Unde sues habuit generosa Britannia reges. 

Quis fuit Arturus, qusB gesta, quis exitus ejus, 

Qualiter amisit infelix natio regnum. 

His Praesul Yenetensis opem conatibus addat. 

Qui si post sacrad Scripturas seria, ludi 

Prassentis eursum vacuus spectaverit, etsi 

Theumaque propositum, consertaque verba poetae, 

Auctorisque stilum laudarit, omne timoris 

Excussum cedet nostro de pectore frigus. 

At si rudiculum vel inutile videbit, igni 

Supponat totum, vel lima tollat abusum. 
Brutus ab iBnea quartus, casu parricida 

Exulat Ttaliam," &c 
J5!g>/.— " Qui vincit victus casdit victori caeso." 
This piece is based upon Geof&ej of Monmouth, who is 
sometimes abridged, at others amplified and versified. It is 
imperfect at the end. 

This metrical ** Historia Britonum " was composed between 
1201 and 1254, and dedicated to Cadioc, Bishop of Yannes, 
VOL. !• M 



178 DESCBIPnYB CkTASJOaUK OF KAVU8CRIFTS BELATIKG 

AJ>. 597. in Brittanj. See an accoont of another copy, which is per* 
feet, in the ''BuUetin du BibUophUe," 1837, p. 495. 

At the bottom of f. 7 b. is this Note : — ** The r^nainder of 
^' the first book and the beg^ning of the second is here 
^' wanting ;" the concloaion of the ninth Book and the whole 
of the tenth are also lost. 



JLD. 599. A.D. 599. 

505. Vita S. Baitheni Hiiensis Abbatia* 

Ex MS. fidmanticeiin, (nime in BibL Doc. BurgundUe apod Bnixellam). 

Ineip. — ^'^ BeyorendoB pater, Abbas Baithenas, ab infantia 
'^ sua in verbo Dei et disciplina ab Abbate pnadarissinio, 
*' Colnmba, diligenter instractus est" 

£xpL — '^qua dormiens patribns suis additos est. Hasc 
^^ panca de Vita Sancti Baitheni." 

Printed in the '^ Acta Sanctorum," ii. 237 (9 June), from 
the above. 

St. Baithen was the kinsman and disciple of St. CJolumba, 
and Abbot of Eli* 



A.P.599. A-D. 699. 

506. De S. Lugido, sire Luano, sive Molua, Abbate 

Cluainferiensi in Hibemia. 

Bx MS. Salnumticensi, (nimc in Bibl Dae. Borgandis apnd Bnxxellam.) 

Ex MS. CompendienB. 

Incip. — ** Sanctus Lugidius, de genere Corchode." 

Expl. — ^'certamen bonum certavit, cursum consummayit, et 
*^ coronam vitas seternad acoepit a Domino, eui honor et gloria 
" in saecula." 

Printed in the " Acta Sanctorumi" i. 342 (4 Aug.), from 
the above two MSS. 

St. Lugid was Abbot of Clonfert, and died 4 Aug. A.D. 
599, having been afflicted with leprosy for 20 years before his 
death. 

• O'Connor (Stowe Catal. i. 198) states that there is a Life of Baithin, 
Abbot of lona, and also one of Moloa, in MS. Bodl. BawL B. 605. 



TO THE EABLY HISTORY OP GBEAT BRITAIN. 179 

The author of this piece, who is unknown, mentions Evinus, A.D. 599, 
who wrote a Life of St. Patrick, and Daganus. of whom men- 
tion is also made in the Epistle of Laurence, Archbishop of 
Canterbury, to the Bishops of Ireland, — ^'ut de acerrimo 
" Hibernicorum rituum propugnatore " (Beda, lib. ii. c. 4). 



507. Vita S. Molu89 Abbatis. 

MS. Trin. CoH Dublin. 652. (792 of the Catal. MSS. Angl. et Hibern.) 

MS. Marsh Dublin. 

The latter MS. is that commonly known as " the Book of 
«* Kilkenny." See No. 472. 



A.D. 600. A.D. 600. 

608. Vita SanctflB Wenefredsa Virginis et Martyris. 

MS. Trin. CoU. Cant Gale, 0. 4. 42. 8.* yell folio, dble. cols. xiii. cent. 

TU. — "Incipit Vita Sanctse Wenefredae, Virginis et Mar- 
'^ tyris, decimo Kalendarum Julii." 

Ineip, Vita, — '' In occidua Majoris Britanniss regiono est 
" qusedam provincia, Wallia vocata." 

£xpl.-~-'^* cui Sancta Wenefreda successit, et sanctimonialium 
** mater yitam finivit et feliciter ad coeli palatia pervenit." 

Colophon. — " Explicit Vita Sanctas Wenefredse, Virginis et 
** Martyrisy decimo Kalendarum Julii." 

Beuno founds many churches, and obtains a place for a similar 
purpose from a person of rank named Tevyth ; who also com- 
mits his only child Wenefred to his care, to be educated in 
religious principles. Wenefred devotes herself to God, and 
vows a religious life. Caradoc, son of King Alan, finds her 
alone, her father and family being at church, and endeavours 
to seduce her ; she evades his importunity, and attempts to 
escape, but Caradoc follows and cuts off her head, which rolls 
down hill to the church where Beuno and her family are em- 

* On the first leaf is the following memorandum : — ** Liber monacbomm 
'* Sanctse Mari» yallis Dorc ; qui eum fraude furaverit, anathema sit.** 

M 2 



180 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIFTS RELATING 

A.!). 600. ployed in their devotions. A well bursts forth at the place 
where her head had fallen to the ground, which becomes cele- 
brated for the cure of various infirmities. Beuno reproves 
Caradocy who dies suddenly, and Wenefred is miraculously 
restored to life. Beuno, after consecrating her to God, and 
predicting her future celebrity, leaves her, and, according to his 
directions, she sends him a chasuble annually, which is mi- 
raculously floated to his residence, 50 miles off. After seven 
years are expired, she visits first St. Deifer, and afterwards 
St. Sadum, who commands her to take up her abode with 
Abbot Elerius ;* where, on the death of his mother Thconia, 
she becomes abbess, and is finally buried by Elerius. 

The facts given are comparatively few, and are mixed with 
much declamation and exhortation. 

There is no notice of the author, or of his residence ; but a 
late hand attributes the Life to ^* Robertus Salopiensis." 

This Life is abridged, with some additions, in Gapgrave's 
«* Nova Legenda," f. 297 b. 



509. Vita S. Wenefredae, auctore Roberto Salopes- 

buriensi. 

MS. Bodl. Laud. Misc. lU. (1547.) fL UO-164. ycU. small toiio. xii cent 
MS. Bibl. Ducmn Burgnnd. apud Brnxell. 8072. xtU cent 

Incip. ProL ad Guarinum Priorem WigamuB. — "Quern 
" divinorum beneficiorum aliquam constat particulam cog*- 
" novisse." 

Incip, Vita — "In occidua Majoris Britannia regione est 
" qusedam provincia." 

ExpL Vita — " et fiunt innumeroB virtutes, ad gloriam et lau- 
" dem Dei, cui honor, decus, imperium, per letema ssecula 
" saeculorum. Amen." 

Surius, " VitsB Sanctorum " (3 Novemb.), has abridged and 
altered this Life in his usual style. His text commences 

Beunous, vir sanctissimus, multis clarus virtutibus, in Occi- 

dcntali Majoris Britannite regione enituit;" and ends, 






* Elerius is said to have written a Life of St Wenefi^ in one Book. 
He died about the year 660. See Fits, p. 109, and Tanner C*Bibliotheca,*' 
p. 268). 



To THE EARLY HISTORY OP GREAT BRITAIN. 181 

" beat® bujus Virginia ossa Salopiam in monachorum mo- A.D. 600, 
** nasterium admodum honorifice translata sunt/' 

Tho aboTe seem to be the only MSS. containing the Dedi- 
cation to Prior Guarin. The Bodleian MS. belonged to the 
Abbey of Ramsey and afterwards to that of Ware. 

Gaarin, or Warin, was prior of Worcester. William of 
Malmesbury addressed his Life of St. Wulstan, bishop of Wor- 
cester, to him between the years 1124 and 1140. He probably 
died in the last-mentioned year. See further concerning him 
in Wharton's " Anglia Sacra," i. 548. 

Tho " Life and Miracles of St. Wenefred " has been pub- 
lished more than once.* Tanner states that it was printed 
for the first time in 1632,f but he probably means the edition 
mentioned in the note below. 



510. Vita Sancise WenefredsB Virginis et Marty ri8 ; per 
EleriuiD, Britannum Monachum, An. 660, ut Jamesius 
annotavit ; vel potius, per Bobertum Salopiensem, An. 
1140, ut yir quidam eruditus melius doeet. 

MS. Cott Claud. A y. fE: 138-141. yell 4to. xii. cent 

BtUfr, — " Incipit Vita Sanctsa Wenefredas, Virginis et Mar- 

" tyris." 

Incip, — " Quanto opere Regis Archanum operire salubre est." 

JKxpL — '^qusB etiam, post yitse dormitionem, consodalibus 

*' virginibus viij., kalendas Julii sepulta, requiescit in Ghristo, 

" cui honor et gloria in ssecula saeculorum. Amen." 



* A MS. called " Festiyale " containing a short account of tbe Life 
and Miracles of St Wenefred, is mentioned by Butler {** Liyes of Saints," 
ii. 796) as being in the library of Mr. Martin, of Palgraye, in Suffolk. 

t ** Tbe admirable life of Saint Wenefride, Virgin, Martyr, Abesse. Writ- 
'* ten in Latin aboye 500 years ago by I^obert, Monke and Friour of Shrevs- 
** bury, of tbe Venerable Order of St Benedict. Deyided into two bookcs, 
" and now translated into English out of a yery ancient and authenticall 
« manuscript for tbe edification and comfort of Catholikcs. B. J. F. of tbe 
•* Society of Jesus. Permissu Superiorum M.DC.XXXV." 12mo. The 
yolnmevas reprinted in 1712 i and this new edition was republished, with 
obseryations by Bishop Fleetwood, in his '* Life and Miracles of St. Wene- 
*' frede, together with her Litanies and some historical obseryations made 
'* thereon." 8ya London^ 1718. 



182 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF ICANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 600. Colophon^^*' Explicit Vita Sancias Wenefreds Yirginifl et 

** Martjria.'' 

The author professes to relate what tradition had preserved 
concerning Wenefred. When Catwan reigned in Yenedotia^ 
a knight named Tenjth, son of Elind, lived in Tokynglia and 
possessed three viUs, Abilouc, Majngnen, Guenphantann : he 
had one daughter Wenefred, who determined on a life of 
celibacy. She was placed under the instruction of Beuno, who 
had been drawn from his residence by the sons of Selim, and 
had received a spot on which to erect a church from Tenjth, 
at Biluje. Wenefred was left at home alone one day to prepare 
the necessary materials for mass (fire, water, and salt), when 
Karadauc, of royal race, weary and thirsty with hunting, came 
to her father's house to ask for drink, and, finding her alone, 
endeavoured to prevail on her to submit to his desires. She 
made an excuse for leaving him for a short time, and endea- 
voured to escape to the church, where her parents were at their 
devotions, but he followed her on horseback and cut off her 
head, as she was about to enter the door. Beuno came out to 
see the cause of this outrage, and reproved Karadauc, who 
thereupon melted away before him. Wenefred's head fell 
within the church, and from that place burst out a fountain. 
She was, however, miraculously restored to life. The foun- 
tain cured many disorders, and the stones were stained with 
blood. Beuno then left her, but with the request that she 
would send him a chasuble of her workmanship every year ; 
which was duly placed on a stone in the fountain and mira- 
culously wafted to him wherever he might be.* Beuno 
afterwards proceeded to Borne, but soon returned to Britain. 
Wenefred went to the Synod, where it was enacted that per- 
sons devoted to a religious life should be collected into socie- 
ties, instead of living in solitude. Wenefred had eleven 
virgins under her, and was a shining example to alL 

Of Robert of Shrewsbury, the supposed author of this 
biography, nothing is known except the few words derived 
from Leland, found in Bale and Pits. He was first a monk, and 
afterwards abbot, of Shrewsbury. During his abbacy, the 
relics of St. Wenefred were translated from Wales into the 
abbey of Shrewsbury ; on which occasion he is said to have 



* Thus far in substance it resembles No. SIS, bat with some variations. 



TO THE EARLY HIBTOBY OF GBEAT BBITAIN. 183 

written this Life of that Saint, and dedicated it to Guarin, A.D. 600. 
Abbot of Woreeflter. He flourished about the jear 1140. 



511. Miracula ejtisdem Wenefiredae; quao etiom Passio 

in fine nnncupatur. 

lis. Cott Claud. A.r,fL 141-156b. yelL 4to. xii. cent. 

Stdnr. — ^''Incipiunt Miracula ejusdem." 
Incip. Mirac. — ** Qusedam incolis cognita vel visa." 
Expl. Mirac.'^^* ad castigationem impiorum non cessat 
" operari Dens, qui in Trinitate per saicula vivit et regnat 
*' unus per omnia stecula saeculorum. Amen." 

Colophon — '* Explicit Passio Sanctte Wene&edsB, Virginis 
" et Martyris." 

These Miracles have little remarkable in them, as they almost 
wholly relate to cures by washing in the well. 

This Life and Miracles appears to have been written about 
the middle of the eleventh century ; for there is no notice of 
the translation to Shrewsbury, and they differ from Robert of 
Shrewsbury's narrative. MS. Lansdowne 436 abridges and 
adds to this. See No. 614. It omits the Synod, but adds her 
visit to Elerius, and notices the Translation to Shrewiibury. 



612. Seint Vonfrede the holi Virgina 

MS. Bodl. 779 ff. 189-190. paper folio, zt. cent 

/nci/i.— ^^Yonefreda was an holymayde, soich ondirstonde." 
Expl,^^*' Now Jhu for the love of her thedir us bringe at our 
^* ende. Amen." 



513. Vita S. WenefredsB* 



MS. Ck)tt Tiber. E. 1. ff. 268 Ik270 b. 
MS. BodL Tanner 15. Tell, fidio. zv. cent 

Ine^. — "Beunous nomine quidam sanctus admodum in*' 
signis." 

Expl, — "cum magno honore translata sunt." 

The same text as that printed in Capgrave's "Nova Legendii 
" Angliae," and abbreviated from No. 518. 

For a description of these MSS. see Nos. 35 and SB-, 



184 DESCRIPTIYE GATALOOITE OF MANUSCRIFIS BELATINO 

A.D. 600. 514. De S. Wenefreda Yirgine et Martyie. 

MB. Ifludowae 436. tL 107-109. tcIL folia dUe. ools. xxv. eent 

Ineyi)^ — ** QoiA Tirgo Sancta Wenefineda sua oorporali 
** preeentia.'' 
JE![^— ^pleniiiB et proUzioB continetor.'' 
See No. 511. 






515. Vita^ Miracola^ et Translatio S. Yvonis. 

KS. BodL 885. fll 99 b-l08. YeILfolio.dble.eols. xiiLoent 

Ruhr. — ^^'De origine Sancti Yyonis, et in qua civitate natns, 

et nbi Episcopns et ubi Archiepiscopus fpit, et qua occasione 

in Angliam venit." 

Ineip. — **In civitate Frianeos qua refemnt." 

Then, after a short Chapter, 

/nctp. ProL — " Qa» de Vita Beati Yvonis." 

Incip, Mhrac. — " Doctor Apostolicns et veri solis nandas 
** Yvo Prassnl inclitus-'* 

Expl. — ^ consortes ill! faciat, qni Sanctos sues gloria et 
^' honore coronat, et est super omnia trinus et unus Deus, 
'^ in ffitema scecula. Amen." 

Then follows his Translation. 

Ineip. Trandat — ^^^ Apud pnedium quoque." 

ExpL Tran^lat — ** in ipsum celebremus in saecula." 

Printed in the " Acta Sanctorum," ii. 288 (10 June). " Ex 
'^ MS. Anglicano hactenus inedito," followed by an ^'Ap- 
*' pendix Miraculorum" from Capgrave's ^'Nova Legenda 
*' Anglis." The Abb^ Migne has reprinted in his ** Patro- 
** logiffi Cursus Completus," civ., the text of the '^Acta 
" Sanctorum." 

The MS. (Bodl. 285) is much fuller than the text in the 
'^ Acta Sanctorum." 

The Life is addressed bjr Gk>9celin to Herebert, Abbot of 
Bamsejr, and in the Prologue it is stated that Andrew, for- 
merly Abbot of Bamsej, had recorded the Life and Miracles 
of St. Ivo.* 



* ** Rectori certo caroque sois Herebeto, etemoin mimiu sacrathic frmter 
'* Goceliniu. 

'* Incipit Frologiu De miiaculis yd virtatibas Beati Ivonis, ArchipnesnliB 
** ac Conf^stoila. Qts de Vita B. Yvonis refemntor, a venerabili Abbate 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 185 

I«ro was born in Persia ; he set out to visit England ; and the A.D. 600. 
King of France endeavoured to detain him, but in vain. He 
came to a town near Huntingdon^ called Slope, where he 
died, afler a life spent in holiness. His tomb was discovered 
by the agency of the plough A.D. 1001. Bj a vision he had 
ordered his body to be removed to Ramsey. Ednoth, abbot 
of Ramsey, not giving credit to the vision, was punished by the 
boots, for saying that the relics were those of a cobbler. 
Ednoth sent for Germanus, from Celsige, to translate the body, 
and he also built a church on the spot, where the body had 
been found. 

The Life is followed by Visions and Miracles, at great 
length, and afterwards by the history of the removal of the 
remains of St Yvo's companions to the church on the spot 
where his tomb was discovered in the time of King Henry I. 
This is also narrated at considerable length, and, among other 
miracles, is described the punishment of Pain Peverel. 

It seems that Goscelin, while residing at Ramsey, com- 
posed the ^* life and Miracles of Ivo,** at the request of Here- 
bert, Abbot of that monastery. The translation and miracles 
of Ivo's companions are probably by a later hand. 



616. Vita S. Yvonis, Episcopi in Perside, viii. Kal. Maii, 
per Andream, Abbatem Bamesiensem^ ut testatur 
Gooelinus in Prsefittione. Jnyentio S. Yvonis. viii. 
KaL Maii 

MS. Cott. Tiber. D. iii. £ 241 b. veil, folio, zii. cent 

/nctp. Praf.^** Eternum munus faciat hie frater Gocelin . .'' 
Incip, Vila. — " .... Yvo Praesul inclitus." 
ExpL — ^niegible at the end. 



'* Andrea celebrata noscnntor $ qni de Anglia ad Dominicam nrbem Jera- 
'* Bilem peregrinatitf, tarn ardnam vitam exercnit nt ei eredere nnllos fidelis 
dabitaTerit Teatabatar in Grocia ^oa nomen et yitam, et geatis mnltia 
miraeolis baberi elarisaima et bono odore Cbriati gratiamm longe lateque 
notianma ipdna proconia, Ab inventione vero cjna rerelationis et 
prodigia qns hie pnecesaor acribit tarn ocnlia yita qnam fideliom testimonio 
** comprobata, adbnc pene omniom fratmm Ramesienaimn, nonnnl<» 
'* lommqae ibienalnm cordibna memorabilias quam in Ubroannt scripta, et 
acriptis Inoulentina memoraat aliqna prRtermiasa," 



«• 



M 



186 DESCBIFriYE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCfilPTS BELATING 

A.D. 600, 5iy^ j)q s^ Yvone, Episoopo et Confessore. 

MS. Cott Tiber. E. 1. ff. 183-184. 
MS. Bodl. Tanner, 15. veil, folio. ' xy. cent 

Itwip, — " Civitate Frianeos qua referunt Sanctum Yyonem.*' 

Expl, — ** Sanitatem reportarunt** 

The same text as that printed in Capgrave's <*NoYaLe- 
^^ genda Anglise/' It is an abridgment of MS. Bodl. 285. 
(No. 515.) For a description of these MSS. See Nos. 35 
and 38. 



518. Vita S. Yvonifl, Episcopi et Confessoriis. 

MS. Trin. Coll. Dublin. 652. (No. 693. of the Catal. MSS. Asgl. et 

nibern.) 
MS. Bibl. de la Ville de Cbatres. 



519. S. Ivonifl Confessoris Vita, 

MS. BodL Laad. Miac 430. (1216) ff. 7-11. veil, folio. dUe. cols. 

xiv. cent. 

Incip. — '^ Cum nostris temporibus quandam stellam." 
Printed, but with many alterations, in Surius, ^ Vitse Sane- 
" torum/' Maj 19, p. 255. 



SBBSSaBaaBBBaBMBSS 



520. Vita S, Declani, Episcopi Hibemice. 

MS. Lovaniens. 

Incip, — '^ Beatissimus Episcopus Declanus, de nobilissimo 
" HiberniaB regam genere." 

ExpL — ^^ Semper per eum fiunt, prsestante Domino nostro 
^' Josu Christo, cui est honor, gloria, ac potestas, cum Deo 
*^ Patre, in nnitate Spiritus Sancti, in ssecula saeculorum. 
«' Amen." 

Printed in the <<Acta Sanctorum^* v. 590 (24 Jolj). 
** Ex MS. LoTaniensi coUato cum MS. CoUegii S. Isidori 
" Bomano.^ 

Declanusy the son of Ercus, Lord of Nandesii was baptized 
bj Colman, and preached the faith to his countrymen before 
the arrival of St. Patrick, whom he had met on the Gonlinent 
on his way from Komoy before his mission into Ireland; a 

6 



TO THE EAULY HISTORY OF QBEA.T BRITAIN. 187 

also St. David. He became Biahop of Ardmore. The whole A.D. 600. 
of this piece is worthless, from its great absurdity. 

As the only indication of the age of the writer, the follow- 
ing extract may be quoted : — " Fertur nobis ab antiquis ejus 
*' diBcipulis, quod magnus exercitus in comitatu ejus solebat 
" esse." (Ware, *♦ De Script. HiberniaB," p. 90.) 



521. Vita S. Declani, Pontifids et Confessoris. 

MS. Trin. CoU. Dablin, 652. (No. 693 of the Catal. BISS. Aogl. et Hibern.) 



522. Vita S. Golveni, Episcopi Leonensis. 

Incip, — ^^ Beatus Golvenus vir admirandse sanctitatis fuit." 

ExpL — ''Obdormivit in pomino, anno Domini sexcen* 
" tesimo.'* 

Printed in the "Ada Sanctorum," i. 127 (1 July). «Ex 
" Renato Benedicto, apud Gononum de Vitis Patrum Occi- 
" dentis " [fol. Lugd. 1625], ii. 85. 

St. Grolvenus was a native of Britain, but established him- 
self in Armorica, where he lived for some time as a hermit. 
He eventually became Bishop of Leon, and died about the 
year 600. 

A mo6t fabulous narrative. 



523. Vita S. Leonorii, Episcopi et Confessoris. 

MS. Atrebat No. 1. 

/nctp. — ^^ Fuit vir quidam in Britanniaa partibus nobilis- 
" simus." 

EoqpL — " Recipere meruit integrum." 

Printed in the ^^ Acta Sanctorum," i. 121 (1 July), from the 
Arras MS. 

Leonorus, or Lunaire, was bom in Britain, and* became a 
pupil of Iltutus. He went into France, where his virtues 
attracted the notice of King Childebert, who invited him to 
Paris. The whole narrative is of a fabulous nature. 



188 DESCBIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MAMUSORIPTS BELATIKG 

^^- ^- 624. Vita S. Leonorii EpiscopL 

MS. BibL da Roi. 5317. 5. yelL xU. cent, olim MeiiteUiazi« 



525. Lectiones de S. Leonorio Episcopo. 

Printed in the '* Acta Sanctoram," i. 124 (1 July). "Ex 
" antiqao Broviario ad usum Ecclesiae S. Macloviii" A.D. 
1517. 

Incip,-^*^ Post Passionem et Rcsarrectionem.** 

ExpL^^^^ Donee offieium completum fait." 



526. Vita Sancti Aidui, qui et MaidocL* 

MS. Gott Yetpas. A. zir. f. 94-lOlb. veil. 8to. ziL cent. 

JBtf&r.— >" Incipit Vita Sancti Aidui, Episcopi, ii. Elalendis 
" Mali." 

/nc^.— "Fait yir qaidam nobilis in regionibus Connac- 
" torum." 

ExpL — "Sanctus enim Aidus, inter chores Angelorum et 
" Apostolorum et omnium Sanctorum, epulatur in coelis, in 
** gaudio sine mcerore, in regno sine fine, in vita sine morte, 
" in conspectu Domini nostri Jesu Christi, cui est honor et 
" gloria in ssecula sseculorum. Amen." 

Printed in the "Acta Sanctorum," ii. 1111. (31 Jan.). "Ex 
" Codioe Eilkenniensi ;" (a transcript of which had been com- 
municated to the Editor bj Hugh Ward) ; collated with the 
"MS. Salmanticensis " (now in the library of the Dukes of 
Burgundy, at Brussels). The Editor had also another copy 
from Philip O'SuUivan. 

Colgan has also printed it in his "Acta Sanctorum Hiber- 
" nite," i. 208, " ex Codice Kilkenniensi," with various readings 
from the MS. Salmanticensis before mentioned ; he attributes 
its composition to St. Evlnus. It is abridged by Capgrave in 
the " Nora Legenda Anglise." 



* He is called Aidanus, Edaxms, Aidns, EdoB, Eda, Maidoc, Maed6<;, 
Moedoc, Modoc, Msedog and Moeg. 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 189 

Sir James Ware (Do Scriptoribus Hiberniae) states that A«D. COO. 
there was another copj of this Life in Archbishop Usher's 
Library* 

This Biography is marvellously absurd. The subject of the 
piece was bom in Connaught. He visited Walcs^ where he 
lived for a considerable time under the direction of St. David. 
He defeated the Saxons by merely appearing on the field. He 
walked on the sea, intending to come to England ; and returned 
from Britain to Lreland on horseback. On his return to 
Ireland, he was accompanied by several monks of great piety. 
He founded many churches and monasteries, and eventually 
became Bishop of Ferns. According to Usher [Brit. Eccles. 
Antiq. p. 500] he died in the year 632. 



527. De Sancto Aide sive Aidano Abbate. 

MS. Cott. Tiber E. i. £ 44. 
MS. Bodl. Tanner, 15. velL folio, xy. cent 

Ificip. — '^ Yir quidam in regione Connactorum." 
ExpL — '* in magna veneratione festum ejus recolitur/' 
The same text as that printed in Capgrave's *<Nova Legenda 

'* AnglisB." For a description of these MSS. see Nos. 36 and 

38. 



628. Vita S. Medoci Episcopi de Ferma. 

Ma BodL BawL B. 505. pp. 1S6-193. velL folio, xiy. cent. 
Ma Bodl Bawl. B. 4S5. t 224. yell. 4to. ziy. cent 

Incip, — " Fuit quidam vir nobilis in partibus." 
ExpL*^*^ a Domino, cui est laus et honor per infinita sse- 
<* culorum ssBcula. Amen." 
Apparently nearly the same text as No. 526. 



629. Vita S. Edi. 



MS. Trin. Coll. Dublin. 652. (No. 792 of the Catal. MSS. Angl. et 

Hibern.) 



190 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OP HAKUSCBIFTS RELATING 

A.D. 600. 530. Vita S. Adi 

MS. Marsh. Dublin. 

This MS., commonly called the ** Book of Kilkenny,'* is 
probably the same as that referred to by the Editors of the 
" Acta Sanctorum,** and by Colgan. See No. 472. 



A.D. 601. A.D. 601. 

631. Yita Congalli, primi AbbatiB Bangorensis. 

MS. Bodl. Bawl. B. 505. pp. Sl-24. TelL folio, xiv. cent. 
MS. Bodl. Bavl. B. 485. t 224. yell. 4to. ziy. cent 

Incip, — ^^ Beatus ac venerabilis Abbas Congallas, nobilissimo 
** Aradensium genere ortas, patre Setneo, matre Briga, editns 
« est." 

ExpL-^^* yi Idus Maii migravit ad Christum, qui, cum Patre 
<' et Spiritu Sancto, yiyit et regnat unus yerus Deus in ssecula 
" saeculorum. Amen." 

Printed in the << Acta Sanctorum,** ii. 580 (10 May), from 
three MSS. ; one communicated by Henry Fitz-Simon, another 
from the College of Salamanca, and the third from Hugh 
Ward. 

Congall or Comgall was bom in Ireland, '4n Dalariada 
^' natus," and educated by St. Fintan. He founded the Abbey 
of Bangor, in the county of Down ;* as also a monastery in 
Wales, in a place then called the Land of Helt^ and another 
in Ireland, called Cell-Comgail (Saynkille), and now annexed 
to the Archbishopric of Dublin. He died at Bangor A.D. 601, 
in the 85th year of his ago. 



632. Vita S. CongaUi. 



Indp, — ^''De aquilonali Hibemiee regione nomine Dail- 
" naraide." 

* " Sanctns Congallufl consttUut magnnm monasteriam, qaod yocator 
" < Beanchor,' in regione quse dicitur Altitudo Ultonun, jnxta Mare Ori- 



" entale." 



TO THE SABLT HISTOET OF QREAT BBITAIN. 191 

Expl. — '^ monasterium in honoro noBtri Fatroni Comgalli A.D. 60i. 
*^ coDstruzit, et in nomine Sancta Trinitatis, Patris> ot Filii, ct 
** Spiritus Sancti, cui est laus et honor in aeternum. Amen." 

Printed in the " Acta Sanctorum," ii, 582 (10 May), « ex 
^' MS. antiquo Hiberno et editione Sirini*"* 



533. Yita Sancii Cungalli, et Fassio animad ausd. 

H£L HarL 6570, 1L 837-966. paper 4to. xr. cent 

Ineip, — ** Hybernia est insnla in Occidentali Oceano posita." 

Expl. — '^ Bcribere staduimus, Domino nostro Jcsu Christo de 
** die in diem magis ac magis placere cupientes, cui sit honor 
*^ et gloria per infinita sieculorum siecula. Amen." 

Then follows a Table of Chapters of a Book having for title, 
** De situ Hibemiae et ortu Cungalli ;" but the work itself 
is not added. 

On f. 367, occurs in a more recent hand, " This Cungallus 
" was ye Ist Abbot of Bangor in y« north of Ireland. Ho was 
'^ one of a pious life, wrote many learned epistles, and dyd in 
" the year 600 in ye 85 year of his age." 



534. Vita S. Cungalli. 

MS. Tiin. CoU. Dublin. 652. (No. 792. of the CatftL MSS. AngL et Hibem.) 

MS. Marsh. Dublin. 

The latter is the so called *«Book of Kilkenny." See No. 472. 



A.D. 603. AD. 603. 

535. Yita S. Fintani, AbbatiB Clonenachensis. 

ICa BodL Bawl B. 505. pp. 214-217. veil, folio, xir. cent 
MS. Bodl. BawL B. 485. £ 220. yell. 4to. xIy. cent. 

Incip.-^*^ FjntamiB sanctus Alius Crumthini de finibus 
'* Lagenias oriundus fuit." 

Betin. — "qui regnat in astemum in siecula steculorum. 
« Amen." 



* ** Thomas Sirinus, in Commentario ad Yitam Sancti Colnmbani." 



I92DESCBIPTiyE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 603. 536. Vita S. Fintani, Abbatis de CluainediiecL 

MS. Mank Dublin. 

Incip,-^*^ Sanctus Abbas Fintanus, vir Titas venerabilis, de 
" provincia Laginensium oriunduB fuit'' 

ExpL — *^ ducta est ad ffiterna gaudia." 

Printed in Colgan's ^'Acta Sanctorum Hibemis,*' i. 349^ 
" ex Codice Killkenniensi," probablj the same as the above- 
mentioned; and in the "Acta Sanctorum ** iii. 17 (17 Feb.). 
" ex MSS. Salmanticensi et Kilkenniensi, et Colgano." 

St. Fintan was born in Leinster in the sixth century. There 
were also other Saints of the name of Fintan, the principal 
being St. Fintan or Munnu, who died Oct. 21st, A.D. 635. 

There is a Life of a St. Fintan in the Library of the Dukes 
of Burgundy at Brussels, No. 8073, commencing ^'Fintanus 
" summi Dei sacerdos." 



A.D. 604. A.D. 604. 

637. De Dedicatione EodesisB Westmonasterii per beatnin 
Fetnim Apostolum, Aogelis eidem minisirantibiis, nocte 
Dominica, xj. Kal. Aprilis, anno Domini vi°. iiij^. 

MS. Bodl. 101 (194S). ff. 12-16b. yell, small 4to. xv. cent 
Indp, — ^ Tempore quo Rex Adelbertus.'* 
far^/.— ''per omnibus cariorem." 



A.D.604. A.D. 604. 

538. Johannis Gosoelini, Monachi Cantuariensis, Liber 
Amplior de Adventu Beatissimi Anglorum Apostoli, 
Augustini, Sociorumque ejus, in Britanniam ; et de 
ipsius Virtutibua 

MS. Cott Vespas. B. xz. £ S6-60. veil 4to. ziL cent 
MS. C. C. C. Cant 812. ft 1-104 b. velL 4to. ziL cent 
MS. HarL 105.* ft 3-37 b. veil, small folio, zii. cent 
MS. GolL S. Johan. Bapt Ozon. 96. t 47. veU. folio, zii. cent 

Incip. Dedic* — ^* Dominis carissimis, et patemas dilectionia 
'' filiis, EcclesiSB Sancti Augustini." 

• The first tvo leayes of this MS. are wantmg, and consequently the 
Dedication. 



TO THE EABLT HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIK. 193 

Then, after a Table of Chapters, A.D. 604. 

Incip. Vila, — " Potent! ssimus Triumphator mundialis ty- 
** ranni." 

Expl, Vita, — '^ semper in Sanctis se mirabilem ostendit." 

Mabillon (Acta Sanct. Benedict., i. 485-520) printed this 
Life from a MS. discovered by Claude Chantelou ; and the 
Bollandists (Acta Sanctorum, vi. 375-395, 26 May) reprinted 
Mabillon's text with conjectural emendations, but without 
collating any MS. The Abbe Migne (Patrologias Cursus 
Completus, Ixxx. 43), has also reprinted Mabillon's text, 
followed by the " Privilegium S. Augustini," from Dugdale's 
Monasticon. 

Goscelin's '^Historia Major" is dedicated to the monks of 
St Augustine's, Canterbury, and contains fifty-three Chapters. 

The Author apologizes for his performance, which he has 
completed in haste. Besides this Life, written for the use 
of the members of his fraternity, he wrote a shorter one for 
the use of strangers ; each of them contained some facts not 
mentioned in the other. See No. 541. 

This treatise contains a commendation of St. Augustine, with ^ 
a description of Britain (from Beda, but much amplified). Pope 
Gregory, being prevented by the Romans from undertaking the 
conversion of Britain, sends Augustine. Tie is molested on his 
journey i proceeds, and lands in Thanct, which is described 
(an amplification of Beda also); he preaches to Ethelbert; 
obtains the church of St. Martin, built by the Romans ; per- 
forms many cures; and Ethelbert is baptized and promotes 
Christianity. The arrival of Mellitus is described ; Gregory's 
Epistles ; the religious controversy with the Britons, and 
their destruction by Ethelfrid : Augustine proceeds from the 
conference to York, and baptizes 10,000 persons in the river 
Swale. 

He returns through Dorsetshire, where the people of a 
certain village, throwing the tails of fish at Augustine and his 
companions, are punished by themselves and their descendants 
having tails attached to them ever afterwards. Various 
miracles are then related, with an account of Cerne : he then 
returns to Canterbury ; performs more miracles, and baptizes 
St. Livinus. Augustine's person is described ; also his death 
and epitaph. 

Almost the whole in this Life that is entitled to credibility \ 
is derived from Beda. As to the story of Augustine being at 
York, Smith conjectures (Beda, ii. 14), with much probability^ 
VOL. I. N 



194 DESCBIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRTPfS RELATING 

A.D. 604. that this statement (of which there is no trace in Beda) is 
framed on the account of Paulinus ; and it seems equally 
probable that the description of liis person was derived from 
the same source. See Beda Hist. EccL, ii. 16. 



639. Historia Major de MiracuIiB S. Augustini, Ar- 
chiepisoopi Cantuariensis, auctore Qosoelino Monacho. 

MS. Cott Vespaa. B. xx. ff. 61-85 b. veil. 4to. xif. cent 

MS. C. C. C. Cant 318. ff. 107-187. relL 4to. xii. cent 

MS. Harl. 105. ff 38 b.~63. velL small folia xii. oent 

MS. ColL S. Job. Bapt Oxon. 96. I 103 b. yell, folia xii. oent 

Incip, Mirac.^^" Cum Danorum adhuo Paganorum/' 
£xpl. Mirac. — '^ in Sancto suo ubique operantis mirabilia.** 
Printed in Mabillon's ''Acta Sanct. Benedict.," i. 521-543, 
from a MS. discovered by Claude Chantelou, and reprinted bj 
the BoUandists (Acta Sanctorum, vi. 397-411, 26 May) 
without collating any MS. 

A Dane attempts to steal a pall from the tomb of St. Augus- 
tine, during the siege of Canterbury, but it holds him fast 
Athelstan, on his way to Sandwich, to join the fleet he has 
prepared against the Danes, visits St. Augustine's ; one of his 
nobles speaks disrespectfully of the Saint, and is punished. For 
after reproaching the king for wasting his time in fasting and 
in honouring a foreigner, he departs ; upon which, an enormous 
black dog rises from the earth and frightens his horse, which 
throws and kills him. Instead of Athelstan, this should probably 
be Edgar, as the event is referred to the time of Abbot Elfnoth. 
Cnut^ on his voyage to Rome, escapes shipwreck on invoking 
St. Augustine. Egelwi, Abbot of Athelingei, vows that if he 
can in safety behold St. Augustine*8 tower, he will build one 
to him at his own monastery, which he eventually performs. 
Fourteen vessels leave Caen laden with stone for the palace 
of Westminster, and one for St. Augustine's ; all the former 
perishi but the latter, carrying *^ grandia sanctuarii Dei saxa, 
" ad bases, ad columnas, ad capitella et epistylia," (§ 19 p. 403. 
ed. BoUand.) for St. Augustine's, arrives, though with difficulty, 
at " Brembre."* 

* These vessels are described as having only one mast and one sail. 
St. Augustine would appear to have been a great fHend to seamen ; many 
of his miracles relate to escape from shipwreck. This story was probably 
Camdexi*s authority for the ancient depth of the river at Bramber. 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 195 

Three men travel the country to purchase the scoriaB and A«I). 604* 
refuse of goldsmiths and minters, fto. ; thej arrive at Bath, 
where, from the abundance of stone, all the houses are 
built with it. Having here made a purchase, they in- 
advertently take a large stone oat of the king's highway to 
pound the refuse with ; upon which, they are seized by the 
magistrate, and being bound in chains are committed to prison : 
two of them give bail, but the third, not being able to find 
security, remainsy and suffers various tortures. He invokes 
St. Augustine ; the stocks fall from his feet, and the irons from 
his hands and neck. A surgeon is sent miraculously to the 
monastery; and the verger is punished for attempting to open 
the tomb of the Saint. We then have a story of the punish- 
ment and cure of a woman for beating her child. Going to 
church, she forgets to leave the keys at home ; her husband 
returns, and sends his son for them ; on which, she rises from 
her knees in a passion, and gives the boy a box on the ear. 
Various cures and miracles follow ; certain English nobles fiy to 
Constantinople on the Norman invasion ; one of them obtains a 
command in the army; he marries, and builds a church dedicated 
to St. Augustine and St. Nicholas, which is frequented by the 
English exiles ; a woman is punished for deriding a picture of 
the Saint placed in it, but is afterwards pardoned. 

When Wulfric was rebuilding the Presbytery, he laid open 
the aisle where St. Augustine's tomb stood. 

The miracles here related are in general cures of diseases 
or deliverances from shipwreck. The narrative affords 
numerous interesting notices of manners, arts, usages, &c. 



540. Historia Translationia S. Augostini, Archiepiscopi, 
Aoglorum Apostoli, aliorumque Sanctorum qui in 
ipsius Monasterio Oantuariensi quieeoebant, auciore 
QoBoelino, ejusdem loci Monacho aBquali. 

MS. Cott. Vespaa. B. xx. ff. 94-141. yell. 4to. xii. cent 
MS. Hapl. 105. ff. 75-135 b. veU. smaU folio, xii. cent 
MS. CoU. S. Job. Bapt Oxon. 96. veil, fblio. xii. cent. 

Ineip, PrcBfat. — "Dux Anselme, Patriira pater et vigor Ec- 
" clesiaruro." 

Then, after a Table of Chapters :— 

N 2 



196 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 604. Incip. TransL — " Post antiqua Evangelici Proioparentis 
" Anglorum Augustini solemnia/' 

£xpL TransL — " per infinita saecula semper collaudare. 
" Amen." 

Printed by Mabillon (Acta Sanct. Benedict, ir. 740, Edit. 
Venet.), and in the "Acta Sanctorum," vi. 411-430 (26 May). 
Mabillon omits a considerable portion of the miracles, but the 
whole are inserted by the Bollandists. Mabillon's text has 
been reprinted by the Abbe Migne, in his "Patrologise Cursus 
" Completus," civ. 14. 

The Prologue is addressed to Archbishop Anselm, to whom 
the author dedicates his work. It contains an account of the 
Translation of St. Augustine, (which occurred on the eighth 
of the ides of September A.D. 1091) and of the miracles, 
which either he or his entombed companions have performed 
during the seven years that have elapsed since that ceremony. 

Lib. i. to § 37 contains an account of the demolition of the 
old and erection of the new church ; the translation of the 
remains of SS. Augustine, Laurentius, Mellitus, Deusdedit, 
Justus, Honorius, and Nothelm, Archbishops of Canterbury, 
with certain miracles attending the removal, &c. The re- 
mainder of the Book is occupied with miracles performed 
after that period ; those which occurred before being contained 
in the following Book. 

The more remarkable circumstances are the destruction of 
the old buildings, the robes of Augustiue found in the tomb, 
the punishment of Margaret Queen of Scotland, the position of 
the relics after the Translation, progress of the building in 
the nave, a Norman accused of theft, English intercourse with 
Antwerp, capture of Jerusalem, William Rufus prevents the 
English from joining the Crusade, Churches are dedicated 
to St. Augustine at Exeter, Norwich, and Leicester. The 
miracles mostly relate to the cure of various diseases. 

Lib. ii. E^ologue. The author intends to relate the events 
which occurred prior to the Translation of St. Augustine. 

An account is then given of the times of Abbots Ailmer, 
Wulfric, Egelsin, and ScoUand or Scotland ; attempts towards 
rebuilding the church ; a list of abbots and kings buried 
there ; their removal into the new church ; an account of Eli ng 
Ethelbert ; and of St. Letardas ; death of Abbot ScoUand, when 
on the eve of destroying the remains of the old church. 

The more remarkable portions, however, of the Second Book 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 197 

are the description of the ancient monument of St. Augustine ; A.D. 604. 
mission of Herman, Bishop of Wilton, to Rome ; conunence- 
ment of rebuilding the church ; ScoUand's attempt at rebuild- 
ing; and the account of Sperhafoc, Abbot of Abingdon. In 
addition to all this, there occur, both in the First and Second 
Books, many curious and important notices relating to build- 
ings, manners, customs, Sec, although, of course, they are 
mixed up with much extraneous matter. 

The master of the works was named '^ Blither.'' The ancient 
tiles are often noticed ; they were so hard that it was scarce 
possible to break them. The first pillar of the nave on the north 
side was placed on the spot where Augustine's remains had lain, 
and contained within it the tiles which had formed his tomb. 
Wolfage, a priest, built a church to St. Augustine at Noi - 
wich, and, upon being questioned as to his right in the soil, it 
was miraculously determined in his favour. Herman, "cut 
'^ laterales adhcerebamus, Romse in amplissimo Pontificum 
Senatu (circa 1049) lucide disputaverat."-— Sperhafoc, of 
Abingdon, was an able artist in painting, architecture, and 
goldsmith's work.* 



541. Qoscelini, Monaohi S. Augustiiii Cantuariensis, His- 
toria Minor de Vita S. Augustini, Anglorum ApostolL 

HS. C.C.C. Cant 312. ff. 213-255. veil. 4to. xii. cent. 
MS. Cott Vespas. B. xz. ff. 2-23 b. yell. 4to. xii. cent 
tMS. Lambeth. 159. ff. 185-202. folio, xv.cent 

Incip. Prts/ai. — ** Omnibus piis Ecclesiarum Angliae patribus, 
" quidam infimus Apostolici Augustini famulus, salutis et 
** obsecutionis devotum munus. Quae de • ipsis primi An- 
" glorum." 

Then, after a Table of Chapters : — 

Incip, Libeltus, — '* Fortem armatum, ccgus atrium mundus." 

ExpL Zt6e//t».-^" populis solariter pr»lucerent."J 



• We learn Arom the Chronicle of Abingdon (i. 463) that this Abbot 
Sperhafoc, haying been entrusted by William the Conqaeror with gold and 
Jewels to make a crowb, carried off these costly materials to Norway. 

t In the Lambeth HS. the Table of Chapters precedes the Prefiu^. 

X The MS. Cott Vespas. B. xx. ff. 2-23 b. makes no diyision between 
the Minor Life and the Minor Miracles, and ends— " tutaretur deliberayit/' 
as in the next article. 



198 DESCBIPnVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS BELATIKG 

AJ). 604* This ifl printed in the <' Anglift Bacra^** ii. 51^ «< seq.f firom 
the Lambeth MS., and Wharton saji that it contains all the 
real information of the larger life* It was first printed bj 
D'Acherji in the Appendix to Lanfranc's Works (Paris, 1648)» 
p. 67 f ei teq. 

The author purposes relating the Life and Miracles of 
St. Augustine, as the/ are to be found in Beda, or in other 
ancient writings which supplied his omissions. This work, 
however, is somewhat shorter than his large work, *^ ut inter 
*' divini et humani convivii solenmia benignis et fratemis 
** hospitibus obtemperemus." 

It is little more than an abridgment of the author's larger 
work. A few phrases are altered, and occasionally the order 
is somewhat changed. 



542. HiBtoria Minor de Miraculis S. Augustini, auctore 

Qoscelino Monacho. 

MS. C.C.C. Cant 312. ff. 257-271. velL 4to. xiL cent 
MS. Lambeth, 159. f. 203. folio, xt. cent 

Incip, — " Ab exercitu Danorum." 

Expl. — "tutaretur delibcravit.'* 

This piece is followed in both MSS. by " Lectiones et 
*' Preces in Natali S. Augustini." It is an abridgment of 
Beda's narrative in his Ecclesiastical History. 



543. Vita S. AuguBtini. 



MS. Cott Tiber. E. i. £ 156 b-165 b. 
MS. Bodl. Tanner, 15. veU. folio, x v. cent 
MS. Cott. Nero C. ril. ffi 9-27 b. veil, folio, dblc. cols. xt. cent 
MS. Bodl. Bavl. A. 294. ft 1-26 b. veU. small folio, xiii. cent 



,oi» 



Indp. — " Anno siquidem Domini quingentesimo Izxx .' 

Expl. — '^secutus est Augustinum.*' 

The same text as that printed in Capgrave's '* Nova Legenda 
*' Angli»,'* which is an abridgment of Goscelin. For a de-> 
scription of the first two MSS. see Nos. 35 and 38. 



TO TRE EARLY HISTOUY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 199 



514. De S. Augustine. A.D. 604, 

M8. Lanad. 436. ff. 6-9 b. yell, folio, dble. coU. xir. cent. 

Incip. — ** Cumque ad visionem regis residentis." 
ExpL — ^^'ejus Sanctis mentis cuncta preestentur bona in 
" saeculis. Amen.*' 



545. De Ordinatione Sancti Augustini, et de ipeius 
Qu88stiombus ad beatum Gregorium. 

MS. Cott. Vespas. B. xx. ff. 252-260 b.« veil. 4lo. xii cent 
MS. Harl. 105. ff. 68*74. smali folio, xii cent. 

MS. Cott Tiber. D. iii.t f. 135. 
MS. BodL FetL 4.^ f. 45. Tell, folio, xii. cent. 

Incip. Pr(Bf, — "Converse ad fidem Chrlsto glorioso Rcge 
" Athelberto." 

'Incip. Ordinat, — " De Episcopis qualiter cum suis clericis." 
• Expl. — *Mefunctus est vij. Kalendas Junias, eodem Rege 
" regnanto." 



546. Miraeulum S. Augustini. 

MS. Harl. 105. ff. 66 b-67. veil. 4to. xiii. cent. 

MS. Harl. 1288, ff. 42-44. veil. Svo. xv. cent 
MS. BodL Digby, 149. f. 68 b. yell. 4to. xiii. cent 

Incip, — " Est vicus in page Oxenfordensi." 

ExpL — " sine fine victurus intravit. Quod nobis praestare 
'^ dignetar Jesus Christus, Dominus noster, qui cum Patre et 
*' Spiritu Sancto vivit et regnat Deus in sascula saeculorum. 
" .Amen." 

This piece is not in MS. Cott. Vespas. B. xx. but at the end 
of the ** Miracula" in the " Historia Major" (f. 85 b. No. 539) 
in the margin there is this Note, " Item legatur Miraeulum de 
'^ duobus mortuis reiuscitatis per beatum Augustinum. Quaere 



* Ends "ad consnlta Heyerentissimi Antistitis Augustini.'' 
t This MS., baring been burnt and almost deitroyed, Is imperfect at the 
commencement It begins at the top of the leaf--" . . sus Humbro fluminiSi'^ 
X This MS. is imperfect, and ends ** tempora in ccalestis." 



200 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 604. " in hujus libri quod sic incipit, ' Est vicus in pago.' " This 
appears to have been another miracle, which must have hap- 
pened soon after the compilation of the ^' Historia Major '^ as 
the Note is in a hand nearlj contemporary with the rest of 
the MS. The copy in MS. Harl. 105, has also an addition 
somewhat later than the rest of the MS. 



547. Sermo in Festivitate S. Augustini 

MS. Cott Yespas. B. zx. ff. 86-93. yell. 4to. xii cent 
MS. C.C.C. Cant 312. ff. 188b-212. yell. 4to. xii. cent 

Incip, — "Prseclara diei prassentis solemn itas." 

ExpL — "perpetuo regnatura, qui cum Patre et Spiritu 

^^ Sancto vivit et regnat Deus per omnia sascula sseculorum. 

" Amen." 



548. Vita S. Augustini^ Prirai Caiituariensis Archi- 

episcopi : carmine Elegiaco. 

MS. Lambeth. 159. ff. 221-225. folio, zy. cent 

Incip, — '^ Omnipotens miserans Anglorum gentis ab hoste 
Tente, quam luce visere disposuit." 

ExpL — " Qui pius ad Christum sit hie intercessor, ut ipse 
Sedibus Angelicis Angligenas societ Amen." 



549. Life of St Augustine, in English Verse. 

MS. Coll. Trin. Ozon. 57. f. 49. yell, folio, zy. cent 
MS. Bodl. Land. Misc. 463 (1596). ff. 52-52 b. yell, folio, xiy. cent 
MS. C. C. C. Cant 145. yell, small folio, xiy. cent. 
MS. Harl. 2277. ff. 55b-56 b. yell. 4to. ziy. cent 
* MS. BodL Tanner, 17. f. 1 1 1. yell, small folio, zy. cent 
MS. Bodl. 779 (2567). paper, folio, zy. cent 
t MS. Bodl. Laud. Misc. 108 (1486). ff. dl-31b. yell, folio, ziy. oent 
MS. Ashmole, 43. ff. 84--85 b. yell. 4to. ziii. cent 
MS. olim More Ep. Norwic. (Catal. MSB. Angl. et Hibem. 9347). 



* There is a full length figure of St Augustine in bis Archiepiscopal 
Kobes, on the margin of this MS. 
f This MS. is imperfect at the beginning! 



TO THE EARLY HISTOBY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 201 

Inc^. — « Seint Ausiyn, that Christendom brou^te into A.D. 604. 
Engelonde." 
" Ritt la among otherc, i wis, that he be understonde." 

ExpL — " Thet we to the joie come to whan our Loucrd ous 
" brou^te." 

There are many verbal differences in the text of the above 
MSS., but they are all evidently based upon the same work. 

This piece is attributed to Robert of Gloucester, the author 
of the English Chronicle. See post for a Biographical notice 
of that writer. 



550. Quoddam * Miraculum alini Patris Augustini, 
Anglorum Apostoli et Cantuariensis Archiepiscopi. 

MS. Bodl. 493 (2097). p. 51. 

551. Miraculum quoddam S.Augustim, Apostoli AnglicanL 

MS. TriiL.CoIl Dablin. 645 (CataL MSS. Angl. et Hibem. 785). 



552. Translatio S. Augustini Cantuariensia 

MS. Eccles. Cantuar. 
Probably the same as No. 540. 



553. De S. Augustine, Archiepiscopo Cantuariensi. 

MS. Begin. Chnstina in Vatican. 587. paper. 

MS. Begin. ChristinsB in Vatican. 551. 

MS. Vatiean. 3631. paper. 4to. xvi cent 



554. S. Augustini, Anglorum Episcopi, Vita. 

Quataor MSS. Viennens. 

See Archiv. der Gessellschaft fiir iiltere dentsche 6e- 
Bchichtkunde. 



555. S. Augustini, Anglorum Episcopi, ad Oregorium 
Magnum Interrogationes, hujusque Responsiones.* 

MS. Viennens. 
MS. S. Gall. ix. cent. 



* Sec BcdsD Hist. EccL lib. 7. cap. xxvli. 



202 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 604. 556. BedsD Presbyteri Chronica deTransitUi id est, Obitu 

S. Augustini. 

MS. BasU. 13 vlil. 32. 



557. Vita S. Augustini, et Adventus ejus in Coenobio 

Floriaco. 

MS. Bibl. S. Vedasti ap. Atrebat. 1012. xi. cent. 



558. Vita S. Augustini Episcopi. 

MS. Abb. de Belloprato super Legiam. 

There are also several Lives of a St. Augustine in the Bi- 
bliothdque du Roi, at Paris ; but it is not clear, from the 
entries in the Catalogue, whether they refer to St. Augustine 
of Canterbury or to St. Augustine of Hippo. 



A.D. 604. A.D. 604. 

559. S. Gregorii Papse, Primi, Epistolse ad res Anglicanas 

spectantes. 

Ex Registro Gregoriano. 

These Epistles are of the highest value in illustrating the 
' efforts made by Gregory the Great for the introduction of 
Christianity into this country. Those relating to England are 
printed by Smith at the end of the Historical Works of Beda, 
as also in Mr. Stevenson's edition of that author, published 
by the English Historical Society, (ii. 280 et seq.) See also 
Du Pin, V. 125. ed. 1731. 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 203 

560. Vita S. Gregorii Papee, hujus nominis primi, cog- j^jy^ ^q^ 
nomento Magni^ ad annum 604^ auctore Paulo Diacono. 

MS. HarL 2800. ff. 99 b-103 b. yell, large fbllo. xiL cent. 

♦ MS. Cott Nero. B. 1. ff. 165-167 b. yell, folio, xl. cent. 
MS. Anmdel. Brit Mob. 351. ff. 79-92 b. yell, folio, xii. cent. 
MS. Coll. Merton. Oxon. 181. ff. 221-230. yell, folio. xiL cent. 
fMS. Bodl. Land. Misc. 538. ff. 84-86 (1364) veil. 4to. xiii. cent. 

MS. Bibl da RoL 5312. 11. olim Mazarin, yeU. xiil cent 

Incip. — " Gregorlus liac urbe Bomana patro Gordiano, 
matre vero Silvia, editus." 

ExpL — *^die quarto Iduum Martiarum, rcgnante Domino 
nostro Jcsu Chrtsto^ qui cum Patre et Spiritu Sancto vivit 
ct regnat Dcus per omnia srocula seeculornm. Amon." 
Printed in Mabillon's| "Acta Sanct. Ord. Benedict." i. 
379-^89, and in the "Acta Sanctorum/Mi. 121 (12 March). It 
is also printed in the works of St. Gregory (fol. Paris, 1675).§ 
The earliest professed Life of Gregory the Great is by Paul 
the Deacon, a monk of Mont Cassin. The Bollandists give 
this as the work of an anonymous contemporary ; butMabillon 
(AnaL, i. 339) has established its true authorship, and ascribes 
it to Paul, who^ he says, copied Beda. This Life is, to all 
appearances, an amplification of that writer^s narrative in his 
" Historia Ecclesiastica," lib. ii. c. i. 



it 



* The text in thit MS. ii not quite bo Aill as in the " Acta Sanctomm.'* 

t This is an abbreviation of Gregory's Life by Faol the Deacon. 

% Mabillon*s text is derived from three MSS. : i. MS. St Germain ) ii. 
MS. Conches, in Normandy; iii. MS. Moissy, at that time in the possession 
of Gland Joly, a Canon of Paris. 

§ Although Qussanville, the editor of the \rorks of St Gregory (fol 
Puis, 1675), prints this Lilb, under the name of Paul the Deacon, and refers 
to th<s argument of Mabillon ) yet he remarks that all the MSS. vhich 
he had seen, as well as those mentioned by the Bollandists and Canisiiis, 
either style it simply '* Vita Sancti Gregorii " or '* Vita Sancti Gregorii, 
** auctore incerto ;" that none ascribe it to Paul ; that the same may be 
said of all the editions ) that it is uncertain whether the title of the ** MS. 
** Conchensis ** is by the old hand ; and that at the end is a passage, " Id 
** quod scribimus, etc.,*' which could not haye been written by one who 
died in the year 6U1. Gussanyille concludes that the Life by Paul is lost, 
and that this is an earlier prodaotion. The MSS. yary considerably. 



204 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 604. 561. Yita S. Gregorii Magni, auctore Joaime Diacono, 

quatuor Libris scripta. 

*MS. Reg. 6 A. tIL velL large 4to. xi. cent 

fMS. Harl. 12. ff. 1-140 b. Tell, large 4to. xi. cent. 

MS. Harl. 4699. ff. 4-32 b. veil, small folio, xiii. cent 

MS. Anmdel. Brit Mas. 36. ff. 18-48 b. veil, folio, xii. cent 

MS. Eccles. Donelm. 14. veU. 4to. 

MS. Bodl. 381 (2202). 

MS. Coll. Jean, Oxon. 37. ff 1-155, velL small folio, x. cent 

MS. Coll. Eton, 70 (1868). folio. 

MS. Bibl. dn Roi. 1865. veil. xy. cent 

MS. Bibl. da RoL 5279. 10. olim Colbert, veil. xiv. cent. 

MS. BibL du RoL 5296. c. 12. olim Colbert veil. xii. cent 

MS. Bibl. da Roi. 5297. 28. olim Colbert velL xiii. cent 

MS. BibL da Roi. 5349. 25. olim Colbert veil. xiii. cent 

MS. Bibl. da Roi. 5352. 25. olim Ck>lbert veil. xiv. cent. 

MS. Bibl. da Roi. 5355. olim Putean. veil. xiv. cent. 

MS. BibL da Roi. 5356. 1. olim Bigot velL xir. cent. 

MS. Bibl. da Roi. 5357. 1. olim Putean. veil. xiii. cent 

MS. BibL da RoL 5670. olim Colbert, veil. xL cent 

Carmen auctoris ad Johannem Papam VIII. 

Incip, Carmen. — " Suscipe Bomuleos, Pastor Tenerande, 
" triumphos." 

Incip. Prafat,^^^^ Beatissimo ac felicissimo Domino Johanni^ 
'^ Sanctae Catholicse ct Romanse Ecclesise Prassali.*' 

lixpL Prcefat. — ''misericorditer liberaii, per Jesum Christum 
'*' Dominum nostrum. Amen." 

Then, after a Table of Chapters : — 

Incip. Vita. — " Gregorius, genero Bomanus, arte Philoso- 
" phus." 

ExpL Vita, — "meritum rependere nequeo, saltern yerba, 
*^ quas valeo minime denegasse cognoscar." 

Printed in Surius '' Vitas Sanctorum," (12 March), p, 100, and 
in Mabillon's <* Acta Sanct. Ord. Benedict.*' i. 389-484, also in 
the "Acta Sanctorum," ii. 137(12 March), and byCanisius,^ ii. 3. 



* This MS. has not the ** Carmen " prefixed. 

t The Life in this MS. has not the " Carmen," and is foUowed bj 
'* Venms Sancti Gregorii Faptt qaos fecit Sabbato ante Ramis Falmamm." 

Incip, — " Virgo parens hac luce Deumqae Timmqae creayit" 

Eipl. — " Et mortem jnssit mortuns ipse mori. 

X The Life of Gregory in Canisius, however, is an abridgment of the Life 
by John the Deacon. Basnage (p. 253) contends that not only this writer, 
but the author of the anonymous Life (attributed to Paul by MabiUon), 
abridged the Life by John the Deacon : this, howcTer, is manifestly 
erroneous, because the Life attributed to Paul has Beda*s traditionary 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 205 

This Life of Gregory the Great was compiled by John the A.D. 604. 
Deacon, chiefly from Gregory's own writings ; but embodying 
uncertain traditions, as Baronius has confessed. He also pro- 
bably used the Life written by Paul the Deacon. The work is 
dedicated to Pope John the Eighth, who filled the papal chair 
from A.D. 872 to 882. 



662. Anglo-Saxon Homily, in commendation of Pope 

Gregory. 

MS. Bodl. 340 (2404) ff. 52-58 b. 

MS. Bodl. Janias. 22. f. 140-149 b. 

MS. Bodl Junius. 53. 

MS. C.C.C. Cant. 198 (ol : S. 8). ff. 73-81. 

MS. Bib. Pub. Cant. 

•MS. Bib. Pub. Cant li. S3, f. 274. 

Ineqi, — ** Gregorius se halga papa, Engliscre ]>eode apostol.*' 
ExpL — '' ecan setle heofenan rices, on }>am he leofa|) mid 

'^ Gode elmihtigum, a on ecnysse." 

Printed in the "Homilies of the Anglo-Saxon Church,*' i'l. 

116(iElfric Society), 8vo. Lond. 1845.t 



563. S. Gregorii Ma^i Vita. 

MS. Bibl. Korfolcb, in Coll. Gresham, London, 86 (2985}.| 

564. De S. Gregorio. 

MS. BodL Laud. Misc. 44. ff. ]9b-27b. (545.) yell. 4to. zv. cent 

Inc^. — '^ Materfamilias quaedam nobilis erat in hac civitate 
" Romana." 
Expl, — With his Epitaph in Elegiac verse — 

'* Hisque Dei consul factus laetare triumphis." 

account of Gregory and the AngH nearly verbatim ; but in John the style 
is different, though the story is derived from Beda. John must, therefore, 
have used the Biogmphy, -which, rightly or not, is ascribed to Paul, or else 
materials common to both, taking therefrom the story of the Angles, and 
altering it after his own fiishion. Beda speaks of the story as traditional 
only, •' traditione migorum^nzta opinionem quam ab antiquis, etc.** 

* There was fbrmerly a copy of this tract in MS. Cott Yitell. D. xvii., 
bat it is now destroyed. 

f Elstob. in 1700, published an Anglo-Saxon Homily on the birthday of 
St. Gregory, anciently used in the Anglo-Saxon Church, and giving an 
account of the conversion of the English to Christianity ; with an English 
translation and notes. 

X This is probably one of the two MSS. in the Arundel collection in the 
British Museum now numbered 36 and 351. 



A.D. 604. 



206 DESCBIPnVB CATALOGUE OP MANUSCETPTS RELATING 

666, Vita S. Gregorii PapsB, 

MS.Bibl. daBoi. 1864. 30. olim Colbert veil. xiy. cent 

MS. BibL da Roi. 2076. 18. olim Colbert, veil. x. cent. 

MS. Bibl. du RoL 3788. 61. olim Colbert, veil. xiv. cent. 

MS. Bibl. du RoL 5235. 2. olim Colbert yell. xiy. cent 

MS. Bibl. dn Roi. 5277. 18. olim D. de Bethmie. yell xiii. cent 

MS. BibL du Roi. 5278. 80. olim Colbert, yell. xiii. cent 

MS. Bibl. du RoL 5279. olim Colbert yell. xiy. oent 

MS. Bibl. dn Roi. 5280. 25. olim Bigot yell xiiL cent 

MS. Bibl. du Roi. 5292. 55. olim Colbert veil. xiiL cent 

MS. BibL du RoL append. 2297. 28. olim Colbert yell. xiii. oent 

MS. Bibl. du Roi. 5298. 8. olim Colbert yell. xiii. cent 

MS. BibL du Roi. 5301. 5. olim S. Martial Lemoyicens. yell. xiiL oent 

MS. Bibl. du Roi. 5302. 77. olim Colbert veil. xiy. cent 

MS. Bibl. du Roi. 5304. 66. olim Colbert yell. xJii. cent 

MS. BibL du RoL 5306. 47. olim Colbert, yell. xiy. cent: 

Ma BibL du RoL 5811. 23. olim Colbert yell. xiy. cent 

MS. BibL dtt RoL 5318. 87. olim Bigot yell. xiiL oent 

MS. BibL du Roi. 5324. 5. olim Futean. yell. xi. cent 

MS. BibL du Roi. 5327. 2. olim Le Telller. yelL xiL cent 

MS. BibL du Roi. 5349. olim Colbert, yell. xiii. cent 

MS. BibL du RoL 5352. olim Colbert yell. xiy. cent 

MS. BibL du Roi. 5358. 1. olim D. de Betfaune. yelL xiy cent 

MS. Bibl. du Roi. 5371. 30. olim Balua. yell. xiii. cent 

It does not appear bj the Catalogues to what author the 
above Lives are ascribed. There are several other MSS., both 
^ in England and the Continent, containing the Life of Gregory 
the Great ; but it has not been deemed necessary to specify 
the whole of them, as this Life only incidentally bears reference 
to the History of England : no one, however, could write a 
trustworthy History of the introduction of Christianity into 
this country, without referring to the Epistles of this illus- 
trious Pontiff. 



A.D. 607. 



A.D. 607. 

566. Vita beati Petri, primi Abbatis Coenobii gloriosorum 
Apostolorum Petri et Pauli, quod CantuariaB situm est, 
auctore Eadmero, 

♦Ma C.C.C. Cant 871. f. 416. yelL 4to. xli. cent 



* This MS. ooutains nearly all the works known to liave been written by 
Eadmer. 



TO THE EABLY HISTOBY OF GBGAT BRITAIN. 207 

This Life has not been printed ; but an historical commen- A.D. 607. 
tary on it occurs in the ''Acta Sanctorum," i, 334. (6 Jan.) 
and in Mabillon, ''Acta Sanct. Ord. Benedict.** ii. 1. 

The narrative is apparently taken from Beda's account of 
Abbot Peter, who was a disciple of Gregory the Great, and 
the first Abbot of St. Augustine's, Canterbury, at that time 
known as " St. Peter's." He was drowned at Amfleet, now 
Ambleteuse, between Calais and Boulogne, in the year 607* 

A biographical account of Eadmer will be given hereafter, 
under his '' Historia Novorum." 



A.D. 608. AD, 608. 

567. Vita S. Kentigemi, Episcopi et Confessoris, qui et 
luglaschu nominatur ; auctore Joscelino, Monacho Fur- 
nosensi, 

MS. Coa Vitell. C. viii. ff. 148-195. yell, folio, dble. cols. ziii. cent. 



(t 






Ruhr, — " Incipit Prologus Epistolaris in Vita Sancti Eente- 

gemi, Episcopi et Confessoris." 

Incip. Ptol, — '* Domino suo reverendissimo et patri caris- 
" simo Joscelino." 

Incip. Vita, — '^ Clarissimi et carissimi Deo et hominibus 

Eentegemi." 

ExpL Vita. — <' miraculis choruscare non desinit, ad laudem 

et gloriam Domini nostri Jesu Christi, cui est gloria, laus, 

decus, et imperium per infinita ssecula saeculorum. Amen." 

Colophon — " Explicit Vita Sanctissimi Kentegerui, Episcopi 
*' et Confessoris, qui et Inglaschu nominatur." 

This Life is printed by Pinkerton, " Vitae Sanctorum Scotise," 
p. 191, from the above unique MS. 

Kentigern, at his birth (circa 423), was placed under St. 
Servan ; after whose death ho was consecrated a bishop ; he 
practised excessive abstinence and great charity to the poor : 
on being persecuted by the king, he retired into North 
Wales, where Cath vallum bestowed lands on him ; he founded 
a church, since called St. Asaph's ; he went to Rome seven 
times; he returned to Scotland at tho invitation of King 
Ryderch, leaving Asaph as his representative In Wales ; he 
converted the Scots ; Ryderch resigned the kingdom to him ; 



208 DESCRipnYE cataijogue of xaxuscripts relating 

A.D. 608. he saved the queen from the effects of Bjderch's jealousy bj 
means of a ring ; he procnred mnlberries at Christmas for the 
Irish bards ; he received a visit from Columba ; he erected a 
stone cross, still remaining* in the cemetery at Glasghu ; he 
died about 608, at the age of 185, and his death was followed 
by that of Byderch, which had been foretold by Lailreon, a 
madman (fatuus). 

Joflceline, a monk of Fumess, addresses his work to Joscclin, 
bishop of GUsgowf (1175 to U99\t and states that his autho- 
rities were a Life of Kentigem, then used in that church, and 
another ** Cktdiculum stilo Scotico dictatnm" (t. e. written in 
Irish). The Life extends to 45 Chapters, and consists chiefly 
of miracles§ described in the Irish manner, with occasional 
invectives against the vices of the author's own times. 

Josceline is a close imitator of Malmesbury*s style, whose 
phrases he often adopts. He wrote his work about the year 
1180. For a notice of Josceline, see No. 182, p. 64. 



668. De S. Kentegemo. 

MS. Cott. Tiber. E. 1, f. 17 b. 
MS. Bodl. Tanner, 15. veil folio, xv. cent. 

Incip, — ^^ Rex quidam in Septentrionali Britanniie plaga." 

ExpL — ^^ aut incurabili morbo puniti sunt.** 

The same text as that printed in Capgrave*s '' Nova Legenda 
" AnglisB," f. 207 b. and thence in the «' Acta Sanctorum," i. 815 
(Jan. 13). For a description of these MSS., sec Nos. 35 and 38. 



* t. f., at the time when this Life was written. 

t Kentigern was the Patron Saint of Glasgow. 

t See Keith's Catalogae of the Scottish Bishops, p. 235. 

§ The Lives of Sainte Irequently afford corioos facts illustrative of the 
history of science. The following, proving the use of anesthetics at a 
very early period, is well deserving of the attention of the medical world. 
It will be found in Pinkerton's edition of this Life, p. 200 :— '* Constat 
" nihilominus nobis multos, sumpto potu oblivionis qnem physici ' letar- 
" ' gion ' vocant, obdormire ; et in membris incisionem, et aliqnotiens 
*^ adustionem, et in vitalibus abrasionem perpessos, minime sensisse : et 
*' post somni ezcussionem, qus erga sese actitata fuerunt i^orasse.*' 



TO THE EARLY HISTORT OF GREAT BRITAIN. 209 

HeDschenius (Acta Sanctorum, ir. 184, May) speaks of A.D. 608. 
this Life, as printed in the <^Acta Sanctorum," i. 816 (from 
Capgrave), with some severity, and wishes it had not been 
inserted there, or had been more decidedly censured. 



569. Libellus de Vita et Miraculis S. Confessoris et Pon- 
tificis Eentegemi, a qaodam monacho, rogatu sive 
intimatione Herberti *Glasguensis^ compositus. 

MS. Cott. Tilus, A. xix. ff. 76-80 b. paper, 4to. xvi. cent 

Incip, — '^ Multas quidem perlustravi regiones." 

Incip. Vita. — " Sanctissimi Confessoris atque Pontificis 
" Kentegerni." 

Expl. — " ditavit Britanniam." 

It is not improbable that this and the earlier Life mentioned 
in No. 567, were written to give an impetus to the liberality 
of the West of Scotland, prior to, and during the erection of 
the present Cathedral, which was in progress during the 
Episcopates of Herbert and Joscelin. 



570. Vita S. Kentigemi. 

M& Trin. Coll. Dublin. 53 f. 159. (193 of the «Catal. MSS. Angl.et 

Ilibern.") 






A.D. 610 ? A.D. 610 ? 

571. Vita S. Finiani, abbatis Surdensis in Hibemia. 

Incip, — "Fuit vir vita venerabilis, nomine Finianus, in 
'' Hibernia quidem natus ac nutritus.'* 

ExpL — " per Sanctum Finianum peractis miraculis quievit 
'* in pace ; apud cujus reliquias crebra fieri miracula non desi- 
" nunt, prsestante et operante Domino, qui vivit et regnat in 
" saecula sseculorum. Amen." 

Printed in the "Acta Sanctorum,** ii. 444 (16 Mar.), " ex 
" noatro MS. Hibemiensi." 

* Doubtless Herbert, Bishop of Glasgow, who filled that See from A.D. 
1147 to 1164. 

VOL. I. O 



210 DE9CBIPTIVB CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 610 ? The BoUandists obtained this Life from a paper MS. of no 
great antiquity, but which appeared to have been <M>pied from 
one much older. The editors obtained it from Henrj Fitz 
Simon. The Life itself was written in the eleventh century by 
an Englishman. It is free from those wild stories by which 
the Irish Lives are usually disfigured. 

This Finian must be distinguished from the St; Finian of 
Cluainiraird. See No. 285. 



A.D. 6U. 



A.D. 615. 



a 



JlD. 611. 
572. Vita S. Oolmani, de Elo. 

MS. BodL Bawl. B. 505. pp. 104—111. velL folio, xiy. cent. 
MS. Bodl. Rawl. B. 485. f. 205. veil. 4to. xiv. cent 

Incip» — *' Fuit vir yitse venerabilis, nomine Colmanus.'* 
Expl^-^^^ Cum honore laudantes Dominum in Sanctis ejus, 
cui est honor et gloria in ssecula saeculorum. Amen." 
St Colman, sumamed Elo from the place of his abode, and 
sometimes called Colmanel, was bom in Meath, and educated 
under St. Coeman, in the Monastery of Eadcriun or Enach* 
trium, on Mount Bladin, in Leinster. He built the Monastery 
of Land-Elo (now Linalli in King's county). He died Sept. 26» 
A.D. 610. 

There were many Irish Saints of the name of Colman ; 
indeed, Usher asserts "Brit. Eccl. Antiq.," p. 501, that there 
were no fewer than 260. A Life of Colman, the Abbot, is 
mentioned in the Catalogus MSS. Angl. et Hibcm. No. 792, 
as being in Trinity C ollege, Dublin, No. 662. 



A.D. 615. 
573. Vita S. Columbani, Abbatis Bobiensis, ad annum 
615, auciore Jona, monacho Bobiensi ; una cum Appen- 
dice Miraculorum. 

•MS. HarL 2S02. ff. 140-147 b. large folio, xii. cent. 

♦MS. Cott Tiber. D. iv. ft, 125-132. veil, folio. 

MS. Bodl. Laud. Misc. 163 (1561). ff. 328 b-360. yell, folio, xt. cent. 

fMS. Bodl. Fell. 4. pp. 175-193. veil, folio, xiii. cent.; 

♦MS. Admont 



♦ These MSS. do not contain the Prologue. 

f This MS .begins abruptly, ''per annum circulum tantus ignis febriom.' 



TO THE EAKLY HISTORY OF GIIEAT BRITAIN. 211 

MS. Bibl. da RoL 5278.140. olim Colbert yell. xiii. or xiy. cent A.D. 615. 

MS. BibL da Boi. 5293. 35. olim Maiarin. yell xiii. cent 

MS. Bibl. da BoL 5308. 88. olim Colbert yell, zil or xiiL cent 

MS. Bibl. du Boi 5330. 7. oUm Colbert yell, xiii cent 

MS. Bibl. du Roi 5336. 21. olim Colbert yeli xiy. cent 

MS. Bibl. da Roi. 5360. 35. olim Maxarin. yell. xiy. cent 

MS. Bibi du Roi 5365. 49. olim S. Martial LemoyicensiB. yell. xii. or 

xiii cent 

Incip, Prol. — ^' Dominis eximiis et sacri culminis regimine 
" decoratis, religionisque copia fultis, Boboleno et Waldeberto, 
'^ patribus, Jonas." 
Incip. Praf. — '^ Rutilans, atque eximio fulgore micans." 
Incip. Vita, — '* Columbanus igitur^ qui et Columba dicitor.'' 
ExpL — ^^ Reliquiaeque ejus eo habentur in loco conditae, ubi 
'< et virtutum decore pollent, prssule Christo, cui est gloria per 
'^ omnia saecula saeculorum. Amen." 

Printed in Mabillon's ''Acta Sanctorum Ord. Benedict." 
ii. 3-26, from sereral MSS. ; it is also inserted in the '^ Chro- 
'' nologia Sanctorum et aliorum Yirorum illustrium ac Ab- 
'* batum SacriB Insulas Lerinensis," by Vincent Barrali 
(4to Lugd. 1613); in Surius, *'VitaB Sanctorum," 21 Nov., 
467-480; in Patrick Fleming's ^'Hibemlse Collectanea Sacra," 
and in Messingham's " Florilegium Insnlae Sanctorum," p. 219 ; 
it is also abridged and printed in Capgrave's " Nova Legenda 
^* Anglice," and it has been printed as the production of 
Beda, in the Cologne edition of that writer's works (iii. 199). 
Du Chesne, " Script. Rerum Franc." i. 551, and Chifflet (Hist, 
de Tourn. pp. 155-167), have each printed portions of the 
Life of St. Columbanus. 

Columbanus, one of the most illastrious founders of mo- 
nachism in France, was born in the Province of Lein- 
ster, in Ireland, about the middle of the sixth century. He 
was placed under the care of Silenus about the year 580. He 
went into France about the year 585, accompanied by twelve 
monks from Bangor, of which monastery he was a member, 
and settled among the ruins of the ancient city of Anagrates 
(now the site of the village of Anegray) ; but his love of solitude 
led him into further seclusion, and he afterwards became a 
recluse in a cave about seven miles from his little fraternity. 
This establishment greatly increasing, he removed it to the 
ruins of the Roman city of Luxovium [Luxeuil], where he built 

o 2 



212 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 615. an abbey ; this likowiso bocamo so crowded that Columbanus 
erected another at a short distance, called Fontanffi [Fon- 
taines]. Ho was driven from his monastery by King Thierry 
and imprisoned at Besan^on. He was eventually placed on 
board a ship bound for Ireland ; but contrary winds drove him 
into Neustria, where he was well received by the king. At 
a later period he visited Paris and Milan. Having heard 
that there was a deserted church in the wilds of the Apen- 
nines» dedicated to St. Peter, amid the ruins of the Roman 
town of Bobium, he obtained the same from King Agilulf, 
and built the monastery of Bobbio, where he spent the re- 
mainder of his life, and was buried there. He died 21st Nov. 
615. 

An interesting account of St. Columbanus and his writings 
will be found in the '* Histoire Litt^raire de la France," iii. 
505-525. 

Jonas, the author of this Life, was bom at Susa, at the foot 
of the Alps, and received his education at the Italian grammar 
schools. He became a monk of Bobbio, under Abbot St 
Attalus, who succeeded Columbanus, the founder of the abbey. 
He did not know Columbanus personally, but obtained his 
information through his disciples who were eye-witnesses of 
what he relates. He is a good and, apparently, a truthful 
writer, though sometimes mistaken in matters of general 
history : his chronology, too, is frequently faulty, as well as 
his geography. He takes no notice of the Irish disputes about 
Easter, and omits many things the knowledge of which would 
have been important : his style, too, is inelegant and inflated, 
and he is credulous as to miracles. His book is dedicated to 
Bobolenns, Abbot of Bobbio, and Waldebert, Abbot of LuxeuiL 
The reader is referred to the ^^ Histoire Litteraire de la 
'' France," iii. 603-608, for an account of the Life and 
writings of Jonas.* 



* A lucid aocoant of the Life and writiDgs of Columbanus, and of his 
biographer Jonas, irill also be found in Wattenbach's " Dentschlands 
** Geschichtsquellen im Mittelalter " p. 75, just published. 



TO THE EARLY HISTOBT OF GREAT BRITAIN. 2lS 

574. Vita S. Columbani Abbatis, auctore Frodoardo, A.D. 6X5. 

Canonico Bemensi. 

R. R. PP. Carmelitaram Excalceat Conyentus, Paris. 

Incip, — '' Diversse Hesperia patri» radiante virescunt, 

Diversis simul hostibus illustratur et ipsa." 
ExpL — ^* Quam celsas meritum vitas, data signa loquuntur ; 
Strenuitatcm animi praestans doctrina profatur/* 
Printed in Mabillon's '*Acta Sanct. Bened.," ii. 26, £d. 
Venet. 

This is nothing more than a versification of parts of the 
Life by Jonas. 



575. Miracula S. Columbani, scripta a Monacho Bobiensi 

anonymo. 

Ex MSS. Cisterc. et Aatissiod. 

Inc^. Prol. — "Qua? Dominus noster per merita patroni 
'* nostri Sanctissimi Columbani." 

Incip. Vita, — " Columbanos igitur Hibcrnia ortus." 

Expi, — '< Quod et factum est, et usque nunc peragitur, ad 
*' laudem Domini nostri Jesu Christi^ qui vivit et regnat per 
<* BSBcula ssculorum. Amen." 

Printed in Mabillon's ''Act. Sanct Bened.," ii. 37-51, and 
by Messingham (Florileglum Insulas Sanctorum, p. 239), '' ex 
" MS, Domini Thuani." 

The author of the Miracles, whoever he may have been, 
evidently wrote in the tenth centary. 



576. Vita S. Columbani. 

MS. BibL da Rol 3088. 8. vcU. and paper, xiv. cent olim Colbert 
MS. Bibl. do Roi. 3788. 4. velL zii. cent ollm Colbert 
MS. SS. Udahic et Afihe, Angostn. folio, xri. cent 
Ms. Bamberg, x. cent 

MS. St GalL 

MS. St Gall, xlcent 

MS. Augsburg. 

MS. Bern. x. cent 



214 DESCBIPTIYE CATALOGUE OF HANUSCBIFT8 RELATING 

A.D. 615. lf& BibL de I'Eoole de Medeeine, M<mtpellier. Nos. 1 and 30. 

IfS. BibL de la ViUe de Bouen. Hist. 38. TelL 4to. xi. cent 

MS. BibL Ambroslan. Mediolan. 

MS. Begin. Christine Vatican. 1284. 

MS. Begin. Christine Vatican. 571. 

MS. Lanrcntiiii. Medic, FlorentiK. xiz. 1 7. 



577. De S. Columbano Abbate. 

MS. CotL Tiber. E. 1. flF. 293b-297. 
MS. Bodl. Tknner, 15. Tell, folia xy. cent 

Incip. — '' Beatus Columbanns in Hibernia insula." 
ExpL — " HibernicoB, ut fertur, admittunt." 
Printed in Capgrave's " Nova Legenda Angliae," f. 65b. 
For a description of these JiSS. see Nos. 35 and 38. 



578. Vita & Columbani 

MS. Brit Mob. Addit 21917. veil, small folio, z. cent 

Incip. — *' fuerit prudens auctor vel auditor." 

^api— " a Theodorico Theodbertum." 

It is mutilated at the commencement and end. 

Apparently a portion of the Life by Jonas. See No. 673. 



A.D. 616. A.D. 616. 

579. Vita S. Ethelberti, Regis CantiflB. 

Incip. — ^* Ethelbertus, Rex Cantuariorum, erat Alius Irmin- 
" rici.*^ 

Expi. — ** £t Bertha Regina condita est." 

This Life is printed in the "Acta Sanctorum" iii. 470 
(24 Feb.) ; it is taken from Bcda's narrative, and Capgrave^s 
version. 

Ethelbert, King of Eent» began to reign A.D. 560 ; he was 
converted and baptized about 597> and died 24 Feb. 616, having 
reigned 56 years; 



TO THE EABLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 215 

Compare " Acta Sanctorum," vL 439 (26 May), where, .A.D. 616. 
appended to the history of the Translation of St Augustine, 
occurs " Translatio et Laus S. Ethelberti^ primi Anglorum 
'* Begis Christiani." 



580. De S. Eihelberto Bege. 

MS. Cott Tiber. E. 1. ff. 43'-43 b. 
MS. BodL Tanner, 15. yell, folio, xt. cent 

/itctp. — <' Ethelbertus autem Rex, Deo amabilis, tertius erat 
" Regum Cantiae." 

^ay/.— "et incredulsD csecitatis culpam.*' 

The same text as that printed in Capgrave's " NovaLegenda 
" Angli® " and the *« Acta Sanctorum," iii. 477 (24 Feb.) 

For a description of these MSS., see Nos. 35 and 38. 



581. Historia Donationum S. Ethelberti. 

Ex MSS. apnd Spehnanum. 

Incip. — " Sanctus Ethelbertus Bex Anglis, qui suscepit 
" Christianitatem." 
ExpL — " contra omnem iiguriam conflrmavit. 
Printed in the "Acta Sanctorum," iii. 478 (24 Feb.). 



582. De Rege iEthelberto, ejusque Progenie ; Notationes 
de Sanctis qui in Anglica patria requiescunt. 

MS. Cott Vitell A ii. ff. 3-5. TelL small folio, xii. cent 

Btdfr, — ^Nearly destroyed, and almost illegible. 

Incip. — "In nomine Domini nostri Jesu Christi, Beatus 
" Augttstintts .^il^elbertum, Begem CantiaB, cumgente suacon- 
" vertit et bapticatit." 

ExpL — "in loco qui dicitur Bumesyge propo anmem Tser- 
" Stan." 

This account is followed, to £1 19 b., by Ethelbert's charters 
and others granted by the Popes. The piece is very furly 
written, but is greatly damaged by fire. 



216 DESCRIPnVB CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 616. An abridged translation of the Saxon List ** de Sanctis in 
** Anglia sepultisy^'is printed in Hickes, "Dissertatio Episto- 
« laris," 115-121. 



583. Vita S. Ethelberti Regis Canti«e. 

MS. Lambeth. 159, f. 215 b.-2I9 b. paper folio, x?. cent 

Incip,-^^^ Gloriosus ac Deo amabilis Christi Ck^nfessor, 
*• Ethelbertus." 

Ea^L — *' Ad laudem et gloriam Domini nostri Jesu Christi, 
'< qui cum Deo Patre, ct Spiritu Sancto, vivit et regnat Deus 
'' per omnia scecula saeculorum. Amen." 

The principal subjects of this piece are, — The pedigree of 
Ethelbert ; the advent of St. Augustine in England ; hia 
address to king Ethelbert ;. Ethelbcrt*s answer ; the baptism 
of Ethelbert, who gives his royal hall to St. Augustine and his 
successors ; the erection of the monastery of St. Peter and 
St Paul without the waUs of Canterbury ; Pope Gregory's 
epistle to Ethelbert ; St. Augustine ordains Mellitus and 
Justus ; Ethelbert founds the church of St. Paul, London, and 
the monasteries of Ely and St Andrew, at Rochester. Death 
of Ethelbert, on the 24th of February, twenty-one years after 
his baptism. 



584!. Miraculum S. Ethelberti Regis, et Confessoris, 
factum in Monasterio S. Augustini. 

MS. Lambeth. 159. t 220. paper, folio, xv. cent. 

/«ci/i.— "Cum quodam tempore." 
Expl.^**ei incrcdulas csecitatis culpam." 



585. Comi)endiosa Descriptio Anglo-Saxonuni et Regum 
Anglorum, k VortigerDo, vel anno 409, usque ad annum 
616. 

MS. Bern. 410. veU. xiii. cent 

Mentioned in Appendix A. to the Report on Rymer'e 
" Focdera." 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 2l7 

A.D. 618. AD. 618. 

■ 

586. Vita Coemgeni, vulgo Keivini, primi Abbatis Glea- 

delacensis, auctore anonymo. 

Ex MSb HngoniB Ward, OrdiniB Mmoram. 
• MS. Marsh. Dablin. 

Incip. — ** Vir erat in Provincia Lagencusium, quse est quinta 
" pars Uibemise, in plebc, videlicet Dalmascoirb, quas est in 
«< orientali plaga Lagenensium, super ripas maris, cujus nomen 
*' dicebatur Coinlogha." 

Expl. — ^^tertio nonas Junii ad Jerusalem coclestem, ad 
^' regnum sine fine, Dominum Deum nostrum Jesum Christum, 
*^ cui est) cum Deo Patre et Spiritu Sancto, gloria, honor, et 
'* potcfitas, per omnia soecula sasculorum." 

Printed in the ^' Acta Sanctorum," i. 310 (3 June), from a 
MS. belonging to Hugh Ward. The editor had three MSS. ; 
the first, " per modum minoris Elogii ; " the second, commu- 
nicated by Henry Fitz-Simon ; the third, ** Cod. Salman- 
*< ticonsis " (now in the library of the Dukes of Burgundy at 
Brussels). 

Coemgenf , or Eeivin, was the son of noble Irish parents, and 
was educated by St. Petrocus, of Britain. He founded a mon« 
astery at 61ean-da-loch, in the east of the County of Leinster. 
He died 3rd June, A.D. 618> in the 120th year of his age. He 
is said to have written a treatise '^De Britannorum Origine." 

Another shorter Life, commencing " Natus est in Hibcrnia 
** insula," is mentioned by Sir James Ware (De Script. 
Hibemise, p. 88). 



A,D. 619. A.D. 6ld. 

587. Belatio Yenerabilis Bedae de Sanctissimo Christi 
Coiifessore, Laurentio, Angloruin Arcliiei)iscopo. 

MS. Cott. Yespas. B. xx. ff. 198-204. YelL 4to. xii. cent 
MS. HarL 105. £^ 228-233b. veil, small folio, xii. cent 



* Commonly known as the '* Book of Kilkenny.'' See No. 472. 
t ** Nomen ejus Latine sonare * pulchmm genitum/ e ViUe ejus scrij)- 
'* tore intelligimus." (Warseus de Script Hibemiee, 19.) 



218 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 619. Eubr, — "Incipit relatio venerabilis Bedae, Presbjteri, de 
** sanctissimo Christi Confessore Laurentio, Anglorum Archi- 
*' epiflcopoy ci:yu8 solemnitas cdebratur iii. Nonas Februarii." 

Incip. — ^* ABsumpto ad coelestia Deo dilecto patre Augustino 
'' successit in Episcopatum famulus Christi Laurentius/' 

Expl. — ^ tanti miraculi fidem et divinorum operum laudem 
'^ addebat propensius." 

The title of this piece is erroneous, it being the work of 
Gosceliu : the facts, however, are taken from Beda (ii. cc. 4, 5, 
6),* amplified and mixed with various miraculous and other 
additions ; his journej to Scotland, for example, and the story 
of the church at Fordun, into which Queen Margaret was 
unable to enter. These additions lire of no importance. 

The Editors of the "Acta Sanctorum," i. 289 (2 Feb.), 
lament that they could not find Goscelin's work, and therefoi'c 
give extracts from Beda*s narrative ; with the miracles 
wrought after the death of Laui-entius, from Capgrave's *'Nova 
" Legenda," and the Epitaph on his tomb, from Harpsfield. 
MabiUon was not more fortunate. See ''Acta Sanct. Ord. 
« Bened." ii. 65, ed. Venet, 

Laurentius, the successor of Augustine, held the See of 
Canterbury from 26th May 605, to 2nd February 619. 



588. De Sancto Laurentio, Archiepiscopo* 

MS. Cott. Tiber. E. I. C 35 b.-36b 
^S. Bodl. Tanner, 15. veil, folio, dble. cols. xt. cent 

Incip, — " Assumpto ad coelestia Deo dilecto." 
Expl. — "et a sinistris Sanctus Mellitus Episcopus." 
Printed in Capgravc's " Nova Legenda Angliae," f. 207 b. 
The matter seems to be derived from Goscelin. 
For a description of these MSS. see Nos. 35 and 38. 



* The commencement, as far as *' regiaque dote ditavit " (folio 200), is 
chiefly taken from Beda*s Ecclesiastical History, ii. cc 4, 5, 6. The miracles 
are not fhnn Beda, and are very Tugne and declamatory. 



TO THE EABLY HISTORY OF GBKAT BRITAIN. 219 

589. Vita Laurentii Archiepiscopi, carmine Elegiaco. -A.-D. 619. 

MS. Lamb. 159. 224 b. paper, folio, xt. cent. 

Iticip, — ^< Ad gregiB acceasit regimen Laurentius iste." 
ExpL — '' Qui no8 hie miseros servet ab hoste malo. Ameu.'* 
This piece* occurs among the Lives of the first ten Arch- 
bishops of Canterbury. 



590. De S. Laurentio. 

MS. Lansd. 436. £P. 9b-ll b. veil, folio, dble. cols. xiv. cent 

Jncip. — " Gloriosus Christi Confessor Laurentius." 
£xpl,^^" quod sit benedictum in s^cula. Amen." 



A.D. 624. -^•^- ^24. 

59 L De adventu Beati Melliti, Anglorum Archiepiscopi, 
in Britanniam, et de ejus Virtutibus.* 

Ma Cott Vespas. B. xx. ff, 204 b-2l3 b. velL 4to. xii. cent. 
MS. Harl. 105. ff. 234-243. veil, small folio, xii. cent 

Incip, — "Praecellentissimus Anglorum Apostolus Augustinus, 
'* dilectato Rege Athelberto." 

ExpL — " liquidis pietatis tuae vestigiis testatur te affuisse.^ 
The piece is written by Goscelin, and has but little in it 
worthy of notice. In addition to the account of Mellitus, by 
Beda, it contains the story of St. Peter consecrating West- 
minster Abbey, from Sulcaidus, and of the Lambeth fishermen, 
from the same author. Various cures of infirmities then follow, 
chiefly of gout^f with an account of the Translation of his 

* The Cottonian Catalogue divides this article into two parts, making 
the first piece end at f. 211, with the words "Hsec prosint exposita, ne 
" quis calumnictor Dei opera quasi fortuita," because a space has been left 
hi the MS.; but the Harleian MS. continues the subject without any break. 

t A woman who had gout in her hands sent waxen models of them to 
Mellitus, and obtained a cure. Mellitns himself is said, by Beda, to have 
been much afflicted with the gout " Erat autem Mellitus corporis quldem 
*< infirmitate, id est, podagra, gravatus.'' (Hist Ecclesiast ii. c. yii. p. 1 15. 
Ed. Sterenson.) 



220 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OP MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 624. relics, taken from the Translation of St. Augustine. Neither 
Mabillon nor the Boliandists print this piece ; they complain of 
not being able to find Groscelin's Life, and content themselves 
with giving excerpts from Beda and Capgrave. 



592. De S- Mellito, Archiepiscopo efc Confessore. 

MS. Cott Tiber. £. 1. £ 108b-109 b. 
MS. Bodl. Tanner, 15. veil, folio xt. cent 

Ificip. — ''Cum autem Sanctus Augustinus." 
ExpL — " Mellitus a sinistris." 

Printed in Capgrave's " Nova Legenda Angliae," f. 228. 
It is an abbreviation of Goscelin's work just mentioned (No. 
591.) 
For a description of these MSS. see Nos. 35 and 38. 



593. De S. Mellito. 

MS. Lansd. 436. ff. llb-U. veil folio, xiv. cent 

Incip, — ''Postquam adjuvante Deo ad pra3dicationem. 
Eaipl, — ** perducas ad cqbU gaudia. Amen." 



694. Vita Sancti Melliti, Archiepiscopi Cantuariensis, 

carmine Elegiaco. 

MS. Lambeth. 159. f. 225b. paper, folio, xv. cent. 

Tncip, — " Mcllifluus Mellitus enim sedi stabilitur." 
ExpL — " Ut nos hie semper protegat ipse Deus. Amen." 
This piece occurs among the Lives of the first ten Arch 
bishops of Canterbury. It is only twelve lines in length. 



595. Hyinnus in laudem Melliti, Archiepiscopi ; cum 

notis musicis antiqnis. 

MS. C.C.C. Cant. 267, f. 1. (olim E. 7.) vclL small folio, xi. cent 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 221 

A.D. 626. A.D.62C, 

596. Vita S. Deicoli, Abbatis LutrenRis, auctore Monacho 

anonymo, ad an. 620. 

MS. Cod. Cisterc. 

Incip. ProL — "Qui se mimd unique floccipendere veri deli- 
" beratione comprobatur. " 

Incip, Vita, — "Cum IJklonarches atque auriga Domini, Co- 
" lumbanus." 

Expl, — "Tunc aperte omnibus innotuit quantum valeant 
" merita Magistri, si tantum Discipuli." 

Printed by Mabillon (Acta Sanct. Benedict, ii. 95), from a 
MS. belonging to Citeaux, collated with the text printed by 
the BoUandists ; but he omits a second preface which they 
had printed, because he had not found it in his MS. 

The author of this piece was a Monk of Lure, who wrote it 
at the desire of Werdolfe, Abbot of that Monastery, to whom 
it is addressed. It was written about A.D. 980. BoUandus 
assigns it to the year 965 ; but that date must be erroneous, as 
the author alludes to the death of Otho the Great, an event 
which occurred in 973. 

Deicolus* quitted his native country, Ireland, with Colum- 
banus, and resided with him, first in the kingdom of East- 
Anglia and afterwards at Luxeuil in Fi*ance. He was the first 
Abbot of Lure^ and died about the year 626. 



597. Vita S. Deieoli, sive Deioolse, Abbatis Lutrensis in 

Burgundia, auctore anonymo. 

MS. Lu^rens. 

Ineip. Prol. — " Qui sansB mentis advortitur." 
Incip, Viia, — " Cum omnium Sanctorum merita." 
UxpL Vila. — " ut lampas emicat." 
Printed in the "Acta Sanctorum," ii. 200 (18 Jan.). 



* He IB also called Deicola, bat he is mostly named Dicy or Diel, and 
sometimes Deel. 



222 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANITSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 626. 598. Vita S. Deicoli. 

MS. Bibl. de TEoole de Medecine, MbntpeUier, 1. 



A.D. 449-: A.D. 449-.A.D. 627. 

iV.D. 627. 

599. A Fiugment of a Chronicle from the coming of the 
Saxons to the year 627, in English. 

MS. HarL 247, ff. 16*20. paper. 

This is a modern transcript, and is mutilated at the beginning : 
it ends A.D. 627. 



A.D. 627. AD. 627. 

600. De S. Justo, Archiepiscopo. 

MS. Cott. Vesp. B. xx. ff. 215-218. veil. 4to. xii. aont. 

MS. Harl. 105. ff. 244-246 b. veil, small folio, xii. ceDt. 

* MS. Harl. 652. ff. 213-214. yell, folio, dble. cols. xii. cent 

Incip. — '* Ordinatus vir Domini Augustiuus Apostolatnm 
« Angliffi." 

UxpL — " cum eo mereamur a^teniae vitae pranniia, ipso 
" auxiliaiite, qui cum Deo Patre et Spiritu Sancto vivit et 
'^ regnat per omnia siecula stcculorum. Amen." 

This piece is written by Gosceliu, the substance being bor- 
rowed from Beda, and mixed up with much general decla- 
mation, without any new facts. 

St. Justus was a Roman by birth, and was sent into England 
by Pope Gregory in 601, to assist St. Augustine in his pious 
labours. He was consecrated the first Bishop of Rochester in 
604 ; and, at the death of Mellitus, Archbi.Hhop of Canterbury, 
in 624, was translated to the archiepiscopal See of Canter- 
bury, where he died 10th Nov. 627, according to some accounts, 
while others make it so late as 634 or 635. 

* This MS. ivants the last 6 lines. 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN, 223 

601. De S. Justo. A.T). 627. 

MS. Cott. Tiber. E. 1. ff. 278-279. 
MS. BodL Tanner, 15. yell, folio, dble. cols. xv. cent 

MS. Bodl. 240. f. 612. 

/»«p.— ** Ordinatus vir Domini Augustinus," 
ExpL-^^^ ffitem» vit» prasmia." 

The same text as that printed in Capgrave's '' Nova Legenda 
" Angiiae ;•* f. 202; it is Goscelin's text slightly abbreviated. 
For a description of the first two MSS. See Nos. 35 and 38. 



602. Vita S. Justi, Archiepiscopi Quarti ; carmine 

Elegiaco. 

MS. Lambeth. 159. f. 226. paper, folio, xv. cent. 

/nc»p.— "Nomine re Justus Melllto protinus illi." 
ExpL — " Atque tuis famulis pande salutis opem. Amen." 
This piece occurs among the Lives of the first ten Arch- 
bishops of Canterbury. It consists only of twenty-two lines. 



A.D. 680. A.D. 630. 

603. Vita S. Begae Virginis, in Provincia Northanbum- 

brorum. 

MS. Cott Fauat B. iv. ff. 122-131. velL small folio, dble cols, xil cent 

Incip. Proh — « Si essem scriba devotus in regno coelorum." 
Incip. n^a.— "Regnabat quidamRexpraepotens in Hibernia." 
ExpL Vita — " stilo elucidare pertemptabo." 
Printed at Carlisle in 1842, with a Translation, and an 
Introduction by G. C. Tomlinson. In the " Acta Sanctorum," 
ii. 694 (6 Sept.), the " Lections " of the Breviary of Aberdeen 
are given, with a very able Introduction. 

Bega> or Pega, was the daughter of a king in Ireland, who, 
having vowed a life of celibacy, fled to England, to avoid 
marrying a Norwegian Prince, and there became a nun in a 
monastery she had founded, and of which Hilda was Abbess. 
There she died, and was buried. All notice of her, however. 



224 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 630. was lost from the time of her death, owing to the Danish wars, 
until the Translation of her remains to Whitby in the 12th 
century. The writer of this piece has now determined to 
collect whatever had occurred relative to her or her miracles, 
at Kirkeby in Coupland, where she at first led the life of an 
anchorite. This he has accordingly performed in two Books. 
In the first, ho gives an account of her life ; in the second, 
a relation of her miracles at that place. As he had not personal 
or authentic knowledge of the particulars of her Translation, 
he omits it ; but he giyes her miracles, being better informed 
upon that point. The biography is very short, and seemingly, 
to a great extent, an invention, founded on the slight mention 
of her in Beda. The miracles have little that is remarkable. 
The Life was probably composed towards the end of the 12th 
century. 



604. IMiracuIa S. Begje Virginia. 

Ibid. ff. 131-138 b. 

Bubr. — '^De miraculis quce apud Kirkebi in Coplande 
^^ operata est Sancta Bega." 

Incip. Mirac, — '* Beata Bega rebus humanis corporaliter." 

ExpL Mirac, — ^' Sit ergo Sancto Sanctorum, suonimque 
^^ omnium Sanctificatori, Glorificatori, virtus, decus, et im- 
<' perium, per iufinita sascula saeculorum. Amen.'* 

Printed also by Tomlinson, p. 61. See No. 603. 



A.D. 630. A.D. 680. 

605. Vita S. Colmanni, Drummorensis Episcopi. 

MS. Bodl. Rawl. B. 505. f 245. veil, folio, xiv. cent 
MS. Bodl.RawLB. 485. ff. 170-170 b. veU. 4to. xiv. cent. 

Incip, — "Beatus vir Colmanus, Drummorensis." 

Expl.-^*^* reddidit cum honore et gloria in ssecula sasculorum. 

« Amen." 
Colman was the first Abbot of Muckmore, in the County of 

Antrim, and afterwards Bishop of Dromore. He died on the 

7th Junsii about A.D. 630. Usher, however, p. 501, gives 634 

as the date of his death. 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 225 



606. Vita S. Berachi, Confessoris et Abbatis. ^'^' ^• 

MS. Bodl. RawL B. 505. pp. 208-214. yell, folio, xiy. cent. 
MS. BodL Hawl. B. 485. f. 130. yell. 4to. xiy. cent. 

Inc^, — ** Inter csetera quae Dei plena." 

ExpL — **cum angelis adunari." 

He flourished about A.D. 630, and was Abbot of Bennchoir. 



li 



A.D. 633. A.B. 638. 

607. Vita S. Eadwini, Regis et Martyris, ad an. 633. 

MS. Cott. Tiber. £. 1. ff. 254-257 b. 
ICS. Bodl. Tanner, 15. f. 206. yell, folio, dble. cols. zy. cent. 

Incip. — ^^Anno Domini qulngentesimo sexagesimo Elle, 

pater Att®, matris Sancti Oswaldi." 

ExpL — " positumque in porticu Sancti Gregorii." 

For an account of these MSS. see Nos. 35 and 38. 

Printed in Capgrave's ^* Nova Legenda AnglisB." The text 
is taken from Beda's " Historia EcclesiaBtica." 

An historical commentary upon the chief incidents of this 
Life is printed in the " Acta Sanctorum,'' tI. 108 (12 Oct.). 

Eadwin was the son of Ella, king of Deira, and, being only 
three years old at the death of his father, he was exposed to 
the tyranny of Ethelfrid, king of Bemicia. During Eadwin's 
residence in the court of Ceorl, king of Mercia, he married 
his daughter Quoenburga ; but that monarch proving faithless, 
he fled for protection to Redwald, king of the East Angles. 
After Eadwin obtained his kingdom, he married Edilburga, 
daughter of Ethelbert, the first Christian king of Eent^ and 
by her means was converted to Christianity and baptized 
at York on Easter Day, A.D. 627. He was killed in a battle 
against the Mercians and Welch at Hatfield, in Yorkshire ; 
his body was buried at YThitby, but his head in the porch of 
the church he had built at York. His death happened in the 
forty-eighth year of his age, 14th Oct. A.D. 633. 



VOL. I. 



226 DBBCBIFnVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS BELATINO 
AJ>. 635. A.D. 635. 

608. Vita S. Mmmu, alias Fintani,* Abbatis Taghmun- 

nensia 

MS. Bibl. Ducnm Bargond. apud Bruxell. 8074. xviL oent 

MS. Manh, Dublin. 

Incip, — ^^Fuit vir vitaB venerabilis nomine Mannu, de claro 
'' genere Hibernise insulffiy idem de nepotibus Neil, cujus 
" pater vocabator Tulcanus, mater vero Fidelmia dicebatur." 

The latter MS. is commonly called the ^^Book of Eilkennj/' 
preyiously mentioned (No. 472). 

St. Fintan or Munnu was bom in the sixth century, of the 
family of NeiL He became an inmate of St. Columba's monas- 
tery at Hii, where he remained till the death of that Saint ; 
upon which he returned to Ireland, and founded a monastery 
there, called Teach-Munnu, in the south of Leinster. He 
died Oct. 21st, A.D. 635 ; or, according to the Annals of 
Tigemach, Oct. 21 st, 634. 

Fintan is sometimes called St. Mundus. 



AD. 636. AD. 636. 

609. Not» de rebus Anglids a primordio gentis ad aa- 

num 636. 

MS* AnindJ Mos. Brit. 359. IF. 9-12. paper Stck zri cent. 

/iM^.— '^In principio creavit Deus ccelom et terram." 
ExpL^^^^ Anno ix^ martyrizatus, jacet apud Tynmouth." 
Tlds piece, in an historical point of view, is worthless. 



A.D. 687. A.D. 637. 

610. Vita S. Carthaoi, seu Mochuddie, de Hibemia. 

£x MS. Sahnantioenai (nunc in Bibl. Ducnm Borgandis apud BmzelL). 

Incip. — '^ Beatissimus Dei famulus Carthacus in tantum 
'' divina gratia poUebat." 



* There is a Life of St Findan of the xi cent in the Vadiane Librarf 
at St Gall, A. c. 23, but the catalogue does not state to which St Findaa 
itrafen. 



TO THE EABLY HISTOBY OF GBEAT BRITAIN. 227 

ExpL — '' pridie Idus Mali migravit ad Christum, cui honor A.D. 637. 
'^ et potestas in ssscula sseculorum. Amen.'' 

" Antiphona de eo ad Magnificat — ^Detersa omni sorde et 
*' ablnto crimine, gloriose Prassul Christi, venerande Carthaci, 
*^ apud Deum tuo sancto nos juya precamine. In ccelesti 
'^ sempitemnm collstemar culmine." 

Printed in the '^ Acta Sanctorum," iii. 375 (14 Maj), from 
the Salamanca MS., and one communicated to the Editors by 
Henrj Fitz- Simon. 

Carthagh was a native of Munster in Ireland, and founded 
the monastery of Raithen * in Westmeath. He is said to have 
had under his direction no less than 847 monks, collected from 
all parts of Ireland and Britain, and whose only food consisted 
of the v^etables which they themselves had cultivated. He 
was driven from Raithen, which he had governed for 40 years, 
by King Blaithmac, and retired to Desies, where he founded a 
large monastery, which took the name of ^' Dunsginne ** and 
afterwards of '' Lismore.** There he also founded the bishopric 
of Lismore, and* to this spot religious men flocked from all 
parts of Ireland, as well as from Britain.f He died 14th May, 
637,1 and was buried in the Cathedral which he had erected 
at Lismore. 



611. Vita S. Carthaci. 

Ez Antiqno MS. Hibemioo. 

Incip, — '^GloriosuB Episcopus Carthagus, qui vulgo vocatur 
" Mochuda.** 

ExpL -* ^ Secundo Idus Maii ad Christum Dominum migravit ; 
" cui est honor, gloria, et potestas cum Deo Patre, in unitate 
^' Spiritus Sancti, in saecula sseculorum. Amen.** 

Printed in the « Ac^a Sanctorum/* iii. 378 (14 May). 

Sir James Ware (De Script Hibernis, p. 90) mentions a 
Life of St. Carthagus, first Bishop of Lismore, commencing 
'* Gloriosus Christi miles, Carthagus." 

* " Postqnam Carthaciis Ecclesiam Raithen sdificaTerat, multi ad le ex 
<« diverBis provinciis Hiberniie et Britannise Teneniiit." 

t " Viri religiosi, non solum ex omni Hibemis parte, sed et ex Anglia 
*' et Britannia confluxerunt ad Leasmore." 

X According to the Bollandists, he died in 636 ; hat the authority of 
TJidier, who quotes the ** Annals of Ulster " for the date, is preferable. 

P 2 



228 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF ICANUSCBIPTB RELATING 

A.D. 637. 612. Vita S. Carthaci. 

Ha Martb, Dublin. 
Ha Trin. ColL Dublin, 65S (798 of the Catal. HSa AngL et Htbern.) 

The first of these two MSS. is the so-called ''Book of 
'< Kilkenny," preyionsly mentioned (No. 472). 



? A.D. 689. ? A.D. 639. 

613. Yita S. Flannani, Episoopi Laonensis. 

MS. Bodl. Bawl. B. $05. 

Sir James Ware (De Script. Hibemiae, p. 91) mentions a 
Life of this Saint, as commencing '' Fuit yir vitte venerabilis 
'* Flannanus nomine, cujas yita, tanquam lucema ardens, per 
** charitatem lucens per fidei yirtutem, in domo militantis 
" ecclesiae, emicuit." 

Flannanus was consecrated by the Pope at Rome in 639. 



A.D. 640. -^I^- 640. 

614. Yita Sanctsd Eanswithse. Yirginis et Abbatissae. 

MS. Cott. Tiber. E. 1. ff. 238-234. 
MS. BodL Tanner, 15. ff. 167-169. 

Ine^. — ^ Ethelbertus, Rex Cantite, per Sanctum Augus- 
« tinum." 

ExpL — *' et camem prorsus ex dolore purgayit." 

For an account of these MSS. see Nos. 35 and 38. 

Printed in Capgrave's ** Nova Legenda Anglite," f. 97. The 
Life of this Saint, as it here occurs, cannot be traced to any 
earlier authority than John of Tinmouth. The editors of the 
'* Acta Sanctorum," vi. 684 (31 Aug.), follow Capgrave's 
text. In MS. Cott. Calig. A. xiv. and MS. Lambeth, 427, 
more will be found relating to Eanswitha, in the Saxon Life 
of St. Mildreth. 

Eanswitha, daughter of Eadbald, king of Kent, having 
refused to marry, retires to Folkestone, a short distance froxa 



TO THE EAKLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 229 

the sea, where her father had built a church dedicated to St. AJ>. 640. 
Peter. Among yarious miracles here described, is that of a 
stream led up hill from Swelton, a mile from Folkestone. 



A.D. 640. 

615. De S. Laareano, sive Molaaedo^ Abbate Lethglinensi 
in Hibemia, postea Episoopo et Legato Apostolico. 

Incip. — ^' Inter supemas cives Hierusalem, quos in solio glorias 
^ soffi rerum Opifex coUocayit." 

ExpL — ^^ Suscepturus praamia meritorum, xiy (Kalendas) 
** Mali, ad stemae lucis Tocatus est mansionem ; ubi diyinas 
** claritatis gloria circumfultus, omnibus eum pie yenerantibus 
" fiducialiter implorat clementiam Salyatoris, Jesu Christi 
^* Domini nostri, cui cum Patre et Spiritu Sancto est honor 
** et gloria in ssocula seculorum. Amen." 

Prhited in the "Acta Sanctorum," ii. 543 (18 April), from 
a MS. communicated hj Henry Fitz-Simon and the Salamanca 
MS., which is imperfect at the beginning. 

Lasrean was educated under Abbot Munuo, and was ordained 
a priest at Bome bj Gregory the Great. On his return to 
Ireland he yisited Leighlin, where Groban resigned his abbacy 
to him. At a Synod held there, Lasrean maintained the Roman 
time of celebrating £aster against Fintan or Munnu ; but not 
being able to satisfy all his opponents^ he took another journey 
to Rome, where the Pope (Honorius) ordained him Bishop, 
without appointing him to any particular See, and likewise 
made him his Legate in Ireland. He died 18 April, A.D. 640, 
and was buried in the church which he had founded. 

There is another Saint of this name, who died A.D. 571. 
See No. 446. 



A.D. 644. AD. 644. 

616. Yita S. Paulini, Arcfaiepiscopi Eboracensis, ab anno 
627 ad an. 644, una cum Historia Translationis et 
Hiraculorum ejus. 

Ine^. — " Grens Nordan-Humbrorum, hoc est, ea natio 
** Anglorum." 



280 DESCBIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF KANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A,D. 644. Expl, — ** Sed vita et eruditione antecessoribus suis aequan- 
« dum." 

Printed in the **Acta Sanctorum," v. 102 (10 Oct), from 
Beda, and Surius " Vitas Sanctorum," iv. 144 (10 Oct.). 

Paulinus was sent with Mellitus and Justus into Britain hj 
Gregory the Great to assist St. Augustine. He commenced 
his labours in Kent^ and was ordained Bishop in 625, and 
accompanied Edelburga of Kent into Northumberland, upon 
her marriage with Eadwin, king of Northumbria. He con- 
verted and baptized king Eadwin at York, in 627. Pope 
Honorius sent him the pallium, and made him the Northern 
Metropolitan of Britain. On leaving York, he became Bishop 
of Rochester, and died in 644. 



617. De S. Paulino, Episcopo et Confessore. 

MS. Cott. Tiber. E. 1. f. 251. 
MS. BodL Tanner, 15. veil, folio, dble. cols. xr. cent 

Indp.-^-*^ Anno ab Incarnatione Domini quingentesimo 
** octogesimo secundo." 

ExpL — '* ejusdemque mulieris qualitatem." 

Printed in Capgrave's ^^NovaLegendaAngliaBy" f.264. It is 
founded on Beda's narrative. 

For a description of these MSS. see Nos. 35 and 38. 



618. De S. Paulino, Episcopo. 

MS. Lansd. 436. ff. 14-16 b. veil, folio, dble. cols. ziv. cent 

Incip. — '* Pofltquam Bex devotissimus Cantie Athelbertua." 
Eapl, — <<quod a Romano Papa acceperat, reliquit.'* 



A.D.646. A.D. 646. 

619. Vita Sancti Galli, auctore Guetino. 

MS. S. Galli, 553. veil, large 8vo. viii. cent 

Incip. Prmf. — " Cum mundus per inania vertatur volitando." 

Incip, Vita^ — " Fuit vir nobilitate pollens." 

ExpL — ** In his tantum paucis Salvator saeculorum laudetur, 

<^ adoretur regnans cum Patre et Spiritu Sancto in sa^ala 

** saeculorum* Amen." 



TO THE EABLY HISTOKT OF GREAT BRITAIN. 231 

Printed bj Perts in the ^* Monnmenta Grermaniea His- A.D. 646. 
** toricay" and from his text in the '^ Acta Sanctorum/' vii. 
884 (16 Oct). 

The Editor of the " Histoire Litteraire de la France," iv. 479, 
states that Mabillon in his Analecta (iv. 640) says he had 
found in Grermany an nnprinted Life of St. Gall, in two 
Books, which he attributed to Wetin, with a Preface in verse 
commencing as above. 

This Piece is evidently the same as that mentioned by * 

Mabillon, but without the Preface* 

The Editor of the ** Monumenta Germanie Historica^'* dis- 
putes Wetin's authorship, and prints it as an anonymous work. 

The First Book contains the Life, the Second Book the 
Miracles, *^ qusB post ejus obitum per merita ipsius Dominus 
« declaravit." 

Wetin, or Guetin, however, was probably the writer ; whose 
narrative Wala&idus Strabo followed (see No. 620), but whom 
he does not name. 

He was descended from a noble family and was at first a 
canon, but afterwards became a monk at Bichenau, near Con- 
stance ; in which house Walafridus Strabo was his pupil, and 
who, among his other works, versified a remarkable vision 
of Purgatory which Wetin had seen. 



620. Vita S. Galli, auctore Wala&ido Strabone, Abbate 

AugiejiaL 

MS. HarL SS03. fL 50-61 b. velL laige folia zil. cent 

Ma BodL Land. Misc. 16& ft 295-304. velL folio, xt. cent 

MS. S. GallL 572. Tell. ix. cenk 

MS. S. Galli. 560. Tell. zi. cent 

MS. S. Galli. 562. veil. ix. cent 

MS. S. Galli. 564. veU. xii. cent 

* Ma Admont (2 MSS.) 

* MS. BasiL ix. cent 

MS* Fiank&rt-on-lifaina 

• MS. Mblk. 

MS. Begenstwnii:. x. cent 

* MS. Safananaweiler (Convent in Wuitembnrg). 

* In Appendix A. to the '^Fcedeia," the MSa against which an asterisk 
tB placed are attribnted to Walafiridoa Strabo. Tbe otbera am not attributed 
to any aothorr 



232 DESCBIPTIYE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCfilPTS RBLATINO 

A.D. 646. * MS. Vienna (2 MSS.). 

• MS. Wolfenbattel. 
* MS. Wurtobarg. 

Incip, Prte/ai. — ** Nisi me Sanctarum auctoritas Scrip* 
•'* turariun." 

Incip, VUa. — *< Cum pneclara Sanctissimi viri Colambani/' 

ExpL Vita, — 'Mta nostris meniibus Divine miserationis 
« medelam implorare digneris. Amen.** 

This piece was first printed by Sorios, '^ Yitae SanctGnuny** 

Oct. 16, pp. 807-839/ afterwards, in 1606, by Goldast (Rer. 

Alaman. i. part ii. 223-276), and then by Mabillon, in his 

*' Acta Benedict." ii. 215 ; from Surios and Groldast, with 

observations and short notes. Messingham (Florilegiam Insoln 

Sanctorum, p. 256) has also printed it, and the Abb4 Migne 

(PatrologisB Cursus Completus) has again reprinted MabiUon's 

text. 

This Life (excepting the first nine chapters) is printed in the 

<' Monumenta Grermanie Historica,** ii. 21, as the second Book 

of the Miracles of St Gall, by Gozbert, with additions by 

Walafridns. The earlier chapters were excluded from the 

''Monumenta Germaniae,*' because they are not the work of 

GozbeH^ and were the same as in the Life noticed in 
No. 619. 

St. Gall was bom in Ireland about A.D. 564, and died, from 
635 to 646, in Germany. 

The author, or rather emendator, of the piece, Walafiridns 
Strabo, or Strabus (so called because he had a cast in his 
eye), was bom in 807 ; he was a pupil at Fulda, under the 
celebrated Babanus Maurus, and afterwards at Richenau 
near Constance. He also studied under Abbot Wetin, being 
himself advanced^ to the abbacy of that house in 842, at the 
age of 35. He was sent as ambassador from Louis, King of 
Germany, to his brother, Charles le Chauve, and died during 
his embassy, on the 17th of July, 849. 

Walafridus wrote seyeral works, an account of which will 
be found in the '' Histoire Litt^raire de la France,** y. 61-76. 
He was a commendable writer, but not above the weaknesses 
of his age. 



* In Appendix A. to the '< Fcedera," the MSS. against which an 
IB placed are attributed to Walfridns Strabo. The others are not attri- 
bated to any anthor. 



TO THE EABLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 233 

A Life of St. Gall, in Terse, is also attributed to him, on the A.D. 646. 
faith of a promise made by him to Gotzbert the abbot,* and 
the monks of. St. Gall, that he would write such a work ; but 
it seems probable that he died before he had completed it. 
Ermenric, his disciple, was requested to continue the work,f 
but he not having time for such an undertaking, it was placed 
in the hands of Grimald to finish. I 

Another Life of St. Gall, in verse, was undertaken bj Not- 
ker ii but at the commencement of the last century nothing 
more was known of it than the portion printed by Canisius, 
in his '*Antiqu8BLectiones."§ Notker divided the Life into 
three Books in the form of Dialogue. 



M 
«« 
M 



* ** Obsecro itaqne te, Gotzperte charissime, Abba Monasterii S. Galli, 
cnnctoBqiie fratrea, qui sub te militiiB deseryiimt spintuali, ut me oratiombna 
Testria a^Jnvetis, qnatenna et hoc opna, et alia deincepa dignaDeo merear 
ezplicare. Nam si gratanter recte a nobis posita snaceperitis, dementer 
" vero titnbantia correxeritis, et si Dominus penniserit, higos operis 
** agrestepnlmentom postmodmn aliquibos metromm condimentisinfimdam. 
'* IMgntan quippe est, at nostris laadibus per orbem celebretnr, quem de 
** extremis orbis finibns ad nostram salatem Bominns destinaTit. Bene 
« Talentem et nostri memorem Fatemitatem vestram in letemmn sancta 
" TVinitas conservare dignetur. Amen." 

" Promissi memor ecce md, Goaberte, quod olim 
BevoTi, ad presens solvere, care, volo, 
Pnlmentum, qaod agreste lebes pro tempore prosa 

AppoBuit, metricis condiet en salibos. 
Kon ignore, aliquos memet cnlpare moramm. 

Qui, qnamvis sero, debita solvo tamen. 
Corn promissa sdunt pattibos memisse nepotes. 

Post mnltosque dies semina jacta meti. 
Jam, ni ikllor ego, messes rediere bis octo, 
Ex quo actus Galli scripeimas ^pregii.'* 
t See the '* Monnmenta Germanise Historica," ii. 31. 
X Notker, samamed Le B^gue, tt as bom at Hdigow ; he became a 
monk of the abbey of St. Gall, and died on the 16th of April, A.D. 912. 
He mrote several works on phUosophy, poetry, and mnsic, an account of 
which will be fomid in the *' Histoire Litt^raire de la France," yi. 32. 

$ See also " Monmnenta Germanis Historica," ii. 33, and Appendix A. 
to tiie Beport on Bymer's " Foodera,*' p. 80. Haenel (p. 699) thus de- 
seribes the MS. in which this piece occnrs : — ** Ck>dex papyraceas eollec- 
** taneos, descriptns de codice dq>erdito et hnjos exemplmn nnicnm, hinc 
*' rarom opns." 



284 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUBCBIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 646. 621. Walafridi Strabi Vita S. Galli, metrioe. 

• MS. St. GaU. 587. paper, xiv. cent 

Incip. — " Cum Sol eat rubeo nobis Oriente renasci, 
** Alter ab occidua radius tamen ortus Hieme, 
" Transiit ad flavos Alamannica in arra Sueyos ; 
** Galium^ dicoy patris genitum^ doctore Columba 
^' Aucta Columbanum signat qu» sjUaba nomen." 

This Life, though attributed to WaUfridus Strabo, was pro- 
bably only begun by him. See the preceding article. 



622. Vita S. GaUi, ConfessoriB. 

MS. BiM. da Boi, 5878, 117. TeU. olim Colbert xHi. or sir. omt 

MS. BibL da Roi, 5308, 58. yeU. oUm Colbert xii or xiii cent 

MS. BibL LaarentiaiiiB-MedioeflB, Floienti»y six. 17. 

MS. Hambarg. 



^ 



A.D.647. A.D. 647. 

623. Vita S. FeliciB, Episcopi et ConfeBsori& 

MS. Cott Jol. B. m £ 58-59. paper fi»lio. dble. ooU. xy. cent 

Incip, — '^ Felix Episcopus, natione Burgundus, a paren- 
" tibus." 

ExpL — 'Mndeficiens interventor extiti<> ^rsBstante Domino 
** nostro Jesu Ghristo, qui cum Patre et Spiritu Sancto vivit et 
^' regnat Deus per omnia ssecula seBCulomm. Amen." 

This short Life of Felix in six Lections, occurs among the 
** Festa Synodalia Norwicensis ecclesiae." 

Felix, a Burgundian priest, converted and baptized Sigeberi. 
king of East Anglia, during his exile in France. On the recall 
of Sigebert to the crown of his ancestors, Felix was inyited by 
him to undertake the conversion of his idolatrous subjects. 



* Eleren other liTes of St Gall, some in proee, and some in verse* are 
mentioned by Haenel in his Catalogae of the MSS. as being in this Library. 



TO THE EABLT HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 235 

m 

On his arriyal in England, he was ordained Bishop bj Arch- A.IX 647. 
bishop Honoriue, and deputed by him to preach in East Anglia. 
Felix established his See at Dummoc (Dunwich) in Suffolk, 
and died about 646 or 647. 



624. De S. Felice, Episcopo et Confessore. 

MS. Cott Tiber. K 1. f. 60-61. 
MS. Bodl. Tanner, 1 5. yelL folio, zy. cent. 

Incip. — '' Historiographus gentis Anglorum Beda." 

ExpL — '^ Ghristo donante requiescit." 

Printed in Capgrave's '^ Nova Legenda Angliee," and thence 
in the '' Acta Sanctorum," i. 779 (8 March). The Life is 
derived from Beda's narratiye, with some resemblance to the 
style of Malmesburj. 



625. Yita Sancii Birini, Episcopi et ConfeBsoris. 

MS. Cott. Tiber. D. iy. f. 256 b. yell, folio, xii. cent 

♦ MS. Cott Calig. A viiL ff. 117-120 b. yelL 4to. 

MS. BodL Digby. 39, £ 56-74 b. yelL small Sya xii. cent 

MS. BodL Digby, 112. ff. 5-17. yell. 4to. xii. cent 

MS. Bodl. Fell. 4. f. 263. yelL fi>lio. xiii. cent 

MS. BodL 609. (2672) £ 138 b. 

The aboye MSS. contain the same text in substance, but 
with slight yerbal yariations. 

Incip, — '* Beatissimus Birinus, magnificus pater, pastor egre« 
« gins." 

Expl. — '^ mnltaeque fiunt yirtutes per Filium suum, Dominum 
*^ nostrum, qui cum eo yiyit et regnat in Spiritu Sancto, in 
^ ssBCula saeculorum. Amen." 

The Life begins with an account of the birth, education, 
and good conduct of Birinus ; he is made priest ; is sent by 
the Pope to preach the Gospel in Britain ; leayes the city ; 
arriyes at the sea-coast and embarks ; he then recollects that 



* This MS. ends imperfectly f. 120 b., with the irords *' precibns immnr- 
« nnrstyooe " 



236 DESCBIPTIVE CATAXOOUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATINa 

AJ). 647. he has left his corporaley and, on the refusal of the seamen to put 
back, he walks on the sea and fetches it ; he lands in Wessex, 
and restores a woman to sight ; converts King Kynegils, and 
afterwards his subjects ; his see is fixed at Dorchester, where 
he dies and is buried. His bodj is removed to Winchester hj 
Heddi (A.D. 676-705), and translated by Ethelwold (A.D. 
963-984). 

This Life is very prolix, though the above notices contain 
nearly all the incidents. The rubric to each Section or Chapter 
often contains all its facts, the rest being mere empty decla- 
mation. It is very much in the style of Groscelin, who, if it 
be his, probably knew no more of Birinus than the short 
notices contained in Beda, E. H. iii. 7. The Life appears to 
have been used by Malmesbury, and is abridged by Gap- 
grave, who carries the miracles down to the removal of the 
remains of Birinus to Winchester. The account of Dorchester 
is continued by another writer to the year 1224, when the 
canons found the body of Birinus there. Among the miracles 
is one of a person who learned to speak French in three days. 

There is an anonymous Life of Birinus in Surius. (See No. 
628.) Baronius thinks it is by WUliam of Ramsey ; but as 
the greater part of it is occupied with an account of what 
^passed under Honorius lEL (who wrote to Stephen, Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury, on the subject of Birinus's body and 
burying-place in 1214, and again in 1216), it could not be 
written by this William of Ramsey, if he, according to Bale, 
Fits, and Tanner, died about the year 1180. 



626. De Sancio Birino^ Episcopo. 

MS. Ck>tt Tiber. E. 1. ff. 297-298 b. 
MS. BodL Tanner, 15. velL folio, xt. cent 

/»ctp.— ^' Sanctus enim Birinus a Papa Honorio Episoopus 
" ordinatus." 

ExpL — '' liquet esse translatum. Obiit autem tertio Nonas 
" Decembris." 

The same text as that printed in Capgrave's '^ Nova Legenda 
^^ AngliiB," f. 88. For a description of these MSS. see Nos. 
35 and 88. 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 237 

627. Be S. Birino, Episcopo. A.D.647 

MS. Lansd. 436. ff. 30-31 b. yell, folio, dble. cols. ziy. cent 

Ineip, — " Romae ex liberiore genere beatus Birinus." 
ExpL — '^ altare honorificentius collocayit.'^ 
SeemiBglj an abridgment of the Life mentioned under 
No. 625. 



628. Vita S. Birini, Episcopi Dorcestrensis, auctore 
quodem incerto, sed fide digno. 

Incip, — '^ SanctuB Birinus a Papa Honorio ad predicandum 
" verba salutis genti Anglorum directus." 

Expl, — ^' sicut intuentibus liquet esse translatum. Obiit 
*' autem tertio Nonas Decembris." 

Printed in Surius' " Vit« Sanctorum/' iv. 121 (3 Dec.). 



629. Vita S, Birini, Episcopi et Confessoris. 

MS. BibL Fubl. Cant. Dd. zi. 78. ff. 113b-125b. reU. 8vo. xiii. cent 

Inc^. — '^ Et pudet et fateor quia turgeo magna professus." 

ExpL — ^'Sancto, majestas et gloria, nunc et in evum. 
« Amen." 

This Life in verse is dedicated to Peter [de Roches], Bishop 
of Winchester, and is therefore later than 1205. It is attri- 
buted to William, sumamed of Ramsej, a monk of Crojland, 
but this must be erroneous, as he is said to have died about 
the year 1 180. See No. 625. 

It contains between 600 and 700 lines. 



630. Vita S. Birini. 

MS. Alen9on 4. (olim S. Evroul. 125.) f. 36. xii. cent. 

A short account of St. Birinus, followed by a Hymn in 
honour of him, beginning : — 

*' Agmina sacra poli resonent modulamine dulci, 
" Et Chris ti jubilent agmina sacra poli." 
See a specimen of this mode of versification in Beda's Hist. 
EccL, iv. XX. The first line is an hexameter, the second a pen- 
tameter, the last half of which is a repetition of the commencing 
portion of the preceding. 



288 DESCBIFnVE CATALOGUE OF MAKUSCRIPTB RELATtNG 

A.D. M. 681. Vita S. Birini. 

MS. Bodl. Digby. 89. ff. 50-58. Tell, small 8yo. ziL cent. 

JHubr. — *^ Incipit excerptio de Historia Anglonim de Sancto 
" Birino Episcopo, Occidentalium Saxonnm Apostolo.** 

Incip.^^** In iUo tempore, hoc est anno Dominicas Incama- 
" tionis sexcentesimo tricesimo quarto." 

ExpL — ''£x sjnodlca sanctione solua sedulo moderamine 
" gessit." 

A collection merely of excerpts from Beda's *^ Historia 
*' £ccle8iastica>" lib. iii. c. 7. 



632. Homelia de Sancto Birino. 

MS. BodL Bigbj, 39. ff. 52-54. TelL small 8to. xii cent 

Bubr, — " Sequitur Omelia in ejus sancta festivitate soUemp- 
" niter recitanda." 
Incip, — ** Gaudete in Domino, dilectissimi fratres." 
ExpL — " Qui cum Patre et Spiritu Sancto vivit et regnat 
** DeuB, per omnia sa&cula saeculorum. Amen." 

'^ Noli quseso, Pater, munuscula spernere nostra ; 
'^ ParTula si videas, magna haec dilectio mittit." 
A ma^s of mere declamation, with an allusion to Beda on 
the mission of Augustine and of Birinus. 



633. Missa in Translationem S. Birini. 

MS. Bodl. Digby, 39. ff. 54-56. yelL small Sto. xii. cent 

Ruhr, — "ii. Nonas Septembris — Translatio Sancti Birini, 

" Episcopi." 

Incip. — " Familiam tuam, Domine, beati Birini Episcopi." 

ExpL — " quae est die iii. Nonarum Decembrium." 

The MS. is mutilated at the end. It contains Collects, &c. 

for the Translation (2 Non. Sept.) and Deposition (3 Non. 

Dec.) of St. Birinus. 



634. Vita S. Birini, EpiscopL 

MS. Bibl. dtt Koi, 5362. Tell. xii. cent 



635. Vers en Thonneiir de S. Birin. 

MS. Bibl. de la Ville de Bouen. Hist 82. 






TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 239 



636. Life of Si Birin, in English verse. A.D. 647, 

MS. Bodl. 779. ff. 270-271 b. paper, folio, xt. cent 

MS. Bodl Laud. Misc. 463. (1596) ff. 126-126 b. yell, folio, xiy. cent. 

MS. Coll. Trin. Oxon. 57. f. 146b. yell, folio, xy. cent 

Incip. — ^^ Seint Birrin the Confessoor that good man was i 
" now." 

ExpL — '^Nou God for the love of hjm brmg us thedir 
" schon* Amen.'' 

The aboTe MSS. differ somewhat yerballj, but are the 
same in substance. 

The piece is attributed to Robert of Gloucester, a notice of 
whom will be found under his *' English Chronicle." 



A.D. 660. ^'^' «50. 

637. Vita vel Visio Sancti Fursei. 

Ma Nero E. 1. ff. 91 b-95 b. yell, folio. xL cent 
MS. BodL FelL 3. ff. 60-66 b. yelL folio, xi. cent 

MS. HarL 5041. ff. 79-98. yelL 8yo. xl cent 

MS. I^unbeth. 173. ff. 180-188. yeU. folio, xi.oent 

* MS. HarL 2800. ft 46-50. yeE large folio, xii cent 

MS. Beg. 5 A. yii ff. 74-84 b. yeUL 4to. xii. cent 

tMS. BodL Bawl B. 505. fL 171-186. yell, folio, xiy. cent 

MS. BodL RairL B. 485. fL 101-109. yell, folio, xiy. cent 

MS. Lambeth. 94. ff 113-119. yelL folio, xiy. cent 

I MS. Beg. 8. O. yi. f. 201. yell, folio, dble cola. xy. cent 

MS. Montii CaailnenBia. 140. yell, fblia xi. cent 

* MS. Monaat S. Yedaati apod Atiebat 

• MS. Eccl. Atrebat A. 13. 

* MS. InaoL apad Claudiom Doreamienlx. 

MS. a Marise Bonifimtis. 

MS. Belfort. 



* The MSa here irith an asterisk against them contain the Miracles, 
which commence, *'Bem actam atqoe gestam," and end, '*ubi preestantar 
** beneficia oraticmibas ejus, preestante Domino nostro Jesn Christo, qui 
** yiTit et vegnat per omnia ssDcnla ssecnlomm. Amen." Mabillon's text 
has rather a different ending. 

t O'Connor (Stowe Catal. 1. 191) says : <* This Life ends thos, * Explicit 
"* * Vita Sancti Farsei, ciigns meritis dekatur culpa Mathei j Dnibhyr. 
•• • Amen.' - 

% This MS. ends abruptly with the words, *' sed ex eonsnetudlne humana 
'* oontinuit" 



240 DiSCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OP MAKUSORIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 65a Inetp» — " Fait vir vitse Tenerabilis, Furseos nomine, nobilis 
*' qiiidem genere, sed nobilior fide." 

EaspL — *'abi etiam recta fide petentibus, merita illioa 
" clarescunt Divinis virtutibuSy adjuvante Domino nostra 
'^ Jesu Christo, qui cum Patre et Spiritu Sancto viWt et 
^* regnat in saecula sieculorum. Amen." 

There have been several Lives of St. Fursey written. The 
earliest is anonymous, and composed not long after his death. 
It is cited by Beda (Historia EccL, iii. c 19, p. 199. Edit. 
Stevenson). The second is also anonymous, and the time of its 
composition uncertain, though it is of great antiquity. The 
third is attributed to Amulfus, Abbot of Lagni (Latiniacensis), 
vrho lived in the eleventh century. 

Sarins printed the first Life * (Vitae Sanctorum, 16 Jan. p. 
259), at least such is the opinion of Bollandus, who reprints it 
in the '' Acta Sanctorum," ii. 35 (16 Jan.), having collated it 
** cum MSS. Gorbeiensi, Hibemico, duobus Ecdesise S. Au- 
" domari, Bertiniano, S. Mariae de Ripatorio, S. Maximini, 
** D. Preudhomii, Canonici Cameracensis, aliisque ;" and he 
further adds a Book of Miracles,! which had been omitted by 
Surius. 

Mabillon (Acta Benedict, ii. 287) reprints the same Life 
from Sorius and Bollandus, and Golgan (Acta Sanctorum 
Hibemiae, i. 75) also prints it from MS. Cygniacensis, and 
attributes it to a Monk or Canon of Peronne. 

St. Fursey was of noble blood, being descended from Fund- 
loga, King of Munster. He left Lreland and came to England 
in the time of Sigeberct of East Anglia ; and being accustomed 
to monastic discipline, he built himself a monastery on some 
ground which had been given to him by that King. He 
quitted England in consequence of the wars between Penda, 
King of Mercia, and Sigeberct about the year 644, and died 
on the 16th January 650, and was buried at Peronne. 



* " Vita S. Farstti, citjus prseclare et prolixe meminit BedaVenerabilu* 
** libio tertio, cap. six., * Historic EcclesiasticiB Anglonim :' ubi etiam 
'* malta ad Terbnm ex bac recitat vita. Extat egregas MSS. oodicibos.** 

t Da Chesne had sent Bollandus another life, which was found to 
consist of an extract from the Life of St Foillan, 31 Oct, and the Mira- 
cles, above mentioned, in a condensed form. 



it 
u 



TO THE KARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 241 



638. Vita Sancti Fursei, Abbatis Hiberni. ^-^^ «o. 

MS. BibL Vatican. Begin. ChrUtin. 573. xii. cent. 

MS. BibL Sessorians No. 39. yell. ix. cent. 

MS. Cygniacens. in Gallia. 

Ma S. Maris Bonifimtis. 

MS. Belfort. 

Ruhr, — ^ Incipit Epistola Abbatis Arnulii Latiniacensis ad 

" Peronensinm Clerum." 
Ine^. JEpisi. — i*'' Yenerabili et in.Christo dilecto^ Peronen- 
siam ClerOy Amulfus, Latiniacensis Coenobii Abbas, cum 
omni Congregatione sibi a Deo credita, fidelium orationum 
manera et debits venerationis obsequia." 
Ine^. ProL — '^ Considerans, reverende frater, serio in- 

" terioribus oculis frondosam, quam me debilem ingredi conaris, 

" silyam.*' 
Eaqd, ProL — " tantum opus aggrediar."f 
Ineip, Vita* — " Igitur tempore quo apud Hibemiam Insulam, 
quae Scotiee est contigua, rex Fundloga Mumiensium regna 
regebat." 

ExpL Vita, — '^ clarescunt divinis yirtutibus, adjuvante Do- 
mino nostro Jesu Christo, qui cum Patre et Spiritu Sancto 

'* vivit et regnat in ssBCula saculorum. AjoCien.'' 
Then follow the " Miracula.'' 
Ineip. ProU — '' Gloriosi Confessoris Fursei, venerabilis Fra- 

*' ter calamo yeritate trium schedularum intincto." 

Ineip. Mircu:. — ** Egregius itaque Christi Confessor, Furseus, 

" ordinatis utillime ecclesiis, quaa in Hibernia et in contiguis 

^' insulanorum regionibus construxerat, desiderio yisendi Apo- 

'* stolicam sedem, patriam parentesque relinquens." 

ExpL Mirac. — ^^ Domino Deo et Sancto Furseo irreyo- 

" cabiliter contulit, ac reliquum yitsB suse digne et laudabiliter 



* This Dedicatory Epistle does not appear in any other than the YatkaD 
MS. 

t After the irorda ** tantnm opna aggrediar,** the Vatican MS. adds, 
" Mcminisse antem te yolo, qnod tn tamen melias me nosti, qaoniam, sicuti 
'^ in Latinis nominibns et yerbis, at genus et gemma, agit et agebat, pergit et 
" pergebat, joxta Frisciannm, eajihonis causa, in syllabarum pronuntiatione 
** gamma littera sapprimitur, ita et in Scotticis subprimi utilissimum a 
*' lapientibus judicatur." 

VOL. I. Q 






it 



24S DESCRIPTIVE CATALOOUK OF MAKUSCBIPTB BELATING 

AJ). 650. " yivens ubi consummayit, annuente Trino in Unitate Deo, qai 
** vivit et regnmt in saecola sflBcnlfvimi. Amen." 

Incip, Epilog. — ** Elimatis, carissime Frater, Vita ei Mira- 
" culis egregii Confesaoris Fursei." 
ExpL Epiioff, — " ubicunque fideliter proferantur.** 
Printed, without the Dedicatorj Epistle, in the "Acta Sanc- 
" tonun " (Jan.), ii. 44, as the work of an anonymous author; 
but Mabillon, who does not print it, attributes it, on the faith of 
the Vatican MS., to Amulfus, Abbot of Lagnj [near Paris, on 
the river Mame]. The following extract, however, from the 
Dedicatorj Epistle to the monks of Peronne, would seem to 
imply that Serlo, a monk of Peronne, and Robert of Argenteuil, 
were the authors of it^ and not ArnulfVis. 

Antecessorum nostrorum, reverend! fVatres [ ] 

negligentia, et, nostro tempore, hactenus nostra, Vitam et 
" Miracula beatissimi patroni nostri Fursei continuare deseru- 
" erat, donee fratri nostro Serloni, multoties inde conquerenti, 
" schedulam, qu8B apud vos erat, ostendistis, et nobis per eum 
** accommodastis ; nobis, inquam, adstrictis vobis vinculo 
** sanctiB fratemitatis. At nt eam genealogiam Beati Patris 
" nostri plenam perlegimus, reliquas, quae in armario nostro 
" servabantur, paulo plus solito revisere curavimus, et fratri 
'* nostro Argentoilensi Rotberto, licet stomatica passione nimis 
" et supra debilitato, in ea corrigenda et continuanda, rei 
" veritate servata, vigilare diligenter cum praedicto fratre 
prsBcepimus. Quae prout novimus peracta, oculis vestne 
caritatis decemenda dirigimus, quatenus, si quae sunt super- 
flua, vel minus justo prolata, prudentiie vestrse nuinu corri- 
" gatis, et correcta nobis remittatis. Quodsi compendiosa vobis 
" omnia videantur, ad honorem et gloriam Omnipotentis Dei, 
** et ipsius Patron! nostri, amodo in Sancta Matre Ecclesia, 
" congruis tantae solemnitati diebus, ad aediiicationem fidelium, 
" vestra auctoritate corroborata generaliter recitentur. Yalete, 
" et praefatis scrlptoribus vestris Sanctis orationibus subveni- 
" tote." 

This Life is divided into two Books. 

The manner in which the author of it speaks of St. 
Nicholas, Bishop of Mire, proves that he must have composed 
his work after the year 1087 ; and the description which he 
gives of the monastery of Lagny shews that he probably be- 
longed to that house* 



<( 



TO THE EABLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 243 

Another Life of Fursey, commencing " Laudabilis Dei A.D. 650 
** nostri yirtus et sapientia," with the Miracles, beginning 
" Sacer[doti8] Christi ac venerabilis Fursei memoriam digne 
^' omnia mundus eximia laude recolit," is mentioned by 
Mabillon (Observ. FraevisBy § 2) as being ''in apographo 
" RR. PP. Fuliensium Parisiensis Monasterii S. Bernardi." 
This piece does not seem to have been printed : indeed 
BoUandus states that it is not worthy of being printed. 
Some of the foreign Libraries may possibly contain another 
copy of the MS ; but it is not to be found in the English 
Libraries, so far as can be ascertained. 

James Desmay, a Canon of Peronne, published at Paris a 
Life of St. Fursey in the year 1607, and reprinted it in 1623. 
It is almost the same as the Life mentioned in the present 
article. See Le Long, 12,030 (i. 749.) 

Nothing is known of the early life of Amulfus, beyond 
the fact thai;, on the death of Baoul, Abbot of Lagny, in 
1066, he was chosen to succeed him ; he also became Abbot 
of St. Colombe, and died A.D. 1 106 (Gall. Christ, vii. 494). 



689. Yita Beati Fureei, Presbyteri atque. Abbatis, edita a 

Sancto Beda, Prefibytero. 

MS. GoU. Univers. Oxon. Ixi. 8. folio, yell. xiii. or xiv. cent 

The same text as that printed in the '^ Acta Sanctorum," ii. 
41 (16 Jan.). 

The MS. formerly belonged to Thomas Browne, and was 
presented to the College by Thomas Walker, Master. (A.D. 
1632-48.) 



640. Vita a Fursei, Abbatis. 

MS. Stattgart. 

Incip. — ^* Yir quidam nomine Furseus, de Hibernia ortus, 
'* yerbo et actibu9 darus, insignisque.'* 



<J 2 



244 DESGRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATINO 

A.D. 650. 641. * Beatha Naoimh Furse', or the Life of St Furaey. 

MS. Stowe. xzxtL p. 165. ito. paper. xviL eent 

Colgan mentions an Irish life of Fursej in MS. which 
is diyided into Chapters, and is different from this. See 
O'Connor's Catalogue of the Stowe MSS. i. 161. 



642. £>e S. Furseo, 



MS. Cott. Tiber. E. 1. ff. 28b-25. 
MS. BodU Tanner, 15. Tell, folio, dble cols. zt. cent. 

/Mdp.— *' Fuit yir vitse venerabilis, Furseus nomine, nobilis 
'* qnidem genere." 

Expl, — ** Floruit autem circa annum Domini sexcentesimum 
^ tricesimum sextum." 

This is followed by the '' Narratio," ending, ^' cunctis inno- 
" tesoere stude. Et factum est ita." 

The same text as that printed in Capgrave's '^ Nova Le- 
*' genda Anglias," and in Messingham's ^' Florilegium Insulse 
'* Sanctorum^'' p. 393 ; being followed in the latter edition bj 
excerpts from Beda (Hist. EccL ill. 19). For a description 
of the abovementioned MSS., see Nos. 35 and 88. 



643. Hymni duo de Sancto Furseo. 

Incip. Hymn, L — '' Laudes almi Confessoris, Fursei, vox, 

" refera.** 
ExpL Hymn, L — " Assequamur laureati post mortem in 

" patria. Amen." 
Incip Hymn. //. — " Lseta, plaude, Hibemia." 
KxpU Hymn. IL^-^^ Pius salvet in transitu. Amen." 
Printed in the '' Acta Sanctorum,'* ii. 36 (16 Jan.), and in 
Colgan's '^ Acta Sanctorum Hibemis," i. 98. The authors of 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OP GREAT BRITAIN. 245 

the ^'Histoire Litt^raire de la France," ix. 292, attribute A.D.6A0. 
these two Hjmns to Amnlfiis,* Abbot of Lagn7(8ee No. 638). 



64 li. Translatio S. Fursei. 



Ine^^ — '* Anno Dominion Incamationis millesimo ducente- 

^ simo qoinquagesimo sexto.** 
Ea^L-^^^ sigillom nostrum apponi fecimus et appendi." 
PHnted in the '^ Acta Sanctorum," ii 55 (16 Jan.), from a 

MS. communicated by Hugh Ward. 



645. Vita S. FurseL 



MS. BodL 386. ff. 235b.-236b. yell, fblio. dUe. ods. sir. cent 
MS. BodL Land. Miac. 188. ft dSO-821 b. Tell, small 4to. xIt. cent 

Ineip. — *' Fursens, cujus historiam Bedam scripsisse cre- 
" ditur." 
Expl, — ^^ operibus laudabiliter Titam finivit." 



646. Vita S. Fursei, Confessoris. 

MS. Fhillipps 4882. 

MS. BibL do Boi. 1715. oUm Masariii. veil. ziii. cent 

MS. BibL do Roi. 2768 a. 8. olim S. Martial. Lemorie. yelL z. or xi. cent. 

MS. BibL dn Boi. 2993 a. olim Colbert yell, ziii cent 

MS. BibL da BoL 8788. 28. olim Colbert Tell. zii. cent 

MS. BibL dn Boi. 5269. 12. olim Faniian. velL xiy. cent 

MS. BibL dn Roi 5280. 11. olim Bigot veil. xiii. cent 

MS. BiU. dn Boi 5291. 18. olim Colbert yelL^xiii. cent. 

MS. BibL dn Boi 5800. 4. olim Fanrian. tcIL 

MS. BibL dn Boi 5314. 8. oUm S. Martial. Lemoric. velL xi. cent 

MS. BibL dn Roi. 5318. 24. olim Bigot velL xiii cent 



* ** n y a bien de I'apparence, qne lea denx Hymnea en IHionnear de ce 
^ Saint qoe Bollandna nona donne d'aprda Anonl Wion, aont de la fii9on 
'* de I'Abb^ AniouL II eat an moina riaibie par la premiere atrophe de 
" kaeoonde piece, qn'elle a M fiute ponr Stre chant^e I Tabbikie de 
•• Lagni.'' 



246 DESCBIPTIVE CATALOQDE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 660. MS. Bibl. du Roi. 5319. 33. olim Colbert, veil. xii. oeat 

MS. Bibl. da Boi. 5341.29. olim Colbert yelL ziii. cent 

MS. Bibl. du Roi. 5568. 15. olim Le Tellier. yell. zi. cent 

MS. Bibl. da Roi. 5604. 1. olim Colbert, veil. x. cent 

MS. Bibl. de TEcole de Medecine, Montpellier 22. 

MS. Augsbarg. 
MS. Hamburg. 
MS. Rcgin. Christinse Vatiean. 5. 
M& Regin. CbriBtlnft Vatican. 568« 
MS. Regin. Christina Vatican. 694. 
MS. Regin. ChristinaB Vatican. 108. 
MS. Regin. Christinse Vatican. 1279. 
MS. Bibl. Lanrentians-MedicesB. Florentie. xrii. 34. 
MS. Heiligenkreutz in Austria. 

MS. Molk. 

MS. Regensbourg. zi. cent. 

*MS. Elnonens. 199. 

MS. S. Udalrici et Affite, AngoBte. fUio. zv. cent 

MS. Eccl. S. Andomari. 

It does not appear from the Catalogues and other booki of 
reference, to which of the various Lives of St. Fur8e7 the above 
Manuscripts relate. 



A,D. 651. A.D. 651. 

647. Vita S. Aidani Lindisfamensis. 

t Ma BodL Bigbj. 175. ff. 44-46 b. veil, small iblio. zL cent 

MS. Bodl. Laad. Misc. 491 (1093). ff. 164-173. tcIL 4to. zli cent 

MS. Bodl. Fairfia. 6 (3886). ff. 160-163 b. veU. foUo. xIt. Cent 

MS. Harl. 4843. ff. 180-164. paper, Iblio. xr. 6e&t 

Ruhr, — *^ I^cipit Vita Sancti Aidani, Lindisfamensis Eccle- 
*^ siae antistitis, sicut in tertio Ecclesiafticfe Historiae (rentis 
" Anglorum Libro continetur." 

Incip. — '' Est insula quae vocatur Hii, cujus monasterium 
'^ magno monachorum pollens." 

Expl', — " cum sancta ecclesia credebat." 



* See '^ Bibliotheca Belgica Mannseripta," p. 48. 

t This MS. is imperfect at the end, '' sunt dlgna in ejus aetiboi lAudana 
" atqae ad , . . ." 



TO THE EABLT HI8T0BY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 247 

No Life of Bishop Aidan is printed in the '^ Acta Sane- A.D. 651. 
** iorum," but the Editors give a long historical commentary 
upon it. (tL 688. dl Aug.) We are indebted to Beda for 
all that we know respecting this indiyidual ; and from him 
the present Life is avowedlj derived. 

Aidan, or ^dan, was a native of L^land, and a monk of Hii. 
He was appointed, hj Oswald of Northumbrian Bishop of the 
Isle of Lindisfame, where he founded a monastery in 6d5« He 
governed also the See of York and all the Northumbrian 
churches for seventeen years, and died on the Slst of August 
A.D. 661. 



648. De S. Aidano. 



MS. Cott. Tiber. E. 1. ff. 231 !>--2S3. 
MS. Bodl. Tanner, 15. veil, folio, dble cols. xt. cent 

Ineip. — ^' Est insula quaa vocatur Hii, cujus monasterium.'' 

Esepl — '^et Sancti Cuthberti Episcopi devote requirens 
" videre potest" 

The same text as that printed by Capgrave in his '^ Nova 
** Legenda*" f. 4. It is taken from Beda'0 narrative. 

For a description of these M8S. see Nos. 85 and 88. 



649. De S. Aidano, Episcopo et Confessore. 

MS. Lansd. 436. fL 19 b.-21 b. veil, folio, ziv. cent. 

Ineip. — " Gloriosus Bex Oswaldus, mox ut regnum Norham- 
" humbrorum." 
ExpL — *^ rediisse ad patriam." 



650. Vita S. Aidani^ Episcopi Lindisfamensis. 

MS. Coniob. Camberonenns in Hannonia. 
MS. Bibl de la Yille de Laon. veil, folia xii. cent 
MS. Begin. CbristinsB Yatic' 10S8. 



248 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF 3CAKUSCBIPTS BELATIKa 



-A.-r^-csi. 651. Vita S. Oswini, Regis Deiorum. 

*MS. Cott Jul. A. X. ff. 2.9 b. yell. Syo. zjL cent 
MS. CC.C. Oxon. 134. ff. 6-19 yeU. small 4to. xii. cent 

Incip. ProL — '* Antiquorum incuria modemorum diligen- 
** tiam." 

Incip, Viia, — ** Gloriosus igitur Deoque dUectua, yir yene* 
" rabilis, Oswinus." 

ExpL — ** et merita pro posse magnificantes perducant ejos 
^' optata suffragia. Amen." 

This Life is abbreviated in Capgrave's *^ Nova Legenda,** 
and from his text is printed in the ''Acta Sanctorum," iv. 57 
(20 Aug.), together with an excerpt from Beda's narrative. 
It was, however, printed in full in 1834 in the '' Miscellanea 
'' Biographica," among the publications of the Surtees Society, 
vol. ii. 

It seems to be nothing more than an amplification of Beda's 
account of Oswin. The author composed it at the request of 
his brethren, but he does not appear to have had anj written 
authority, except that of Beda's ''Historia Ecdesiastica," 
which he proposes to augment from local information ; he, 
however, adds, nothing of any moment. He tells us that he 
was an eye witness of certain occurrences which took place at 
Tynemouth, in A.D. 1111 (cap. xiv. p. 28). 

Oswin was the son of Osric and grandson of .£lfric, the 
brother of Ella ; he ascended the throne of Deira in 642, died 
on the 20th of August, A.D. 651. 



652. Inventio ejusdem. 

MS. Cott Jol. A. X. ff. 10-14. veil. 8to. xii. cent 

Bubr, — ''Qualiter corpus beatissimi Regis et Hartyris 
'' Oswini quinto Idus Martii inventum sit." 

Ineip, — '' Anno Incamationis Dominicae sexcentesimo quin* 
'' quagesimo prime, gloriosus Deyrorum Rex Oswinus." 



* This MS. is imperfect at the end, " nee fecerim teste oonscientia et 
'* conseientianim conscia " 



TO THE £ABLY HISTOBT OF GREAT BRITAIN. 249 

Es^. — ** offendit voluntatem, largiente eodem Dommo A.D. 651. 

nostro Jesu Christo^ cui est cum Fatre et Spiritu Sancto 

sempitemft gloria. Amen." 

A portion of this piece is printed in Gibson's *^ History of 

Tjnemouth." (Appendix, p. v.) 

The remains of Oswin laj neglected at Tynemouth until he 
appeared in a vision to Edmund the Sacrist, and ordered him 
to command Bishop Egelwin to translate them, which was 
done on the Fifth of the Ides of March (11 March), A.D. 1065, 
during Earl Tosti's time, whose calamities are said to have 
arisen fix>m his neglecting to be present at this solemnity. 



u 
ti 



it 
ii 



653. Miracula ejusdem. 

MS. Cott Jul. A. z. if. 16-43. velL Sto, zii. cent 
MS. C.C.C. Oxon. 134. ff. 30-64. veU. imall folio, xii ceit. 

Bubr. — ^* Incipit Prsefatio de virtutibus et Miraculis gloriosi 
et sanctissimi Regis, Martyris Deyrorum Oswini, que post 
ejus corporis revelationem longe lateque divulgata]| sunt^ et 
que in maxima veneratione habentur." 
Ineip* Prafat. — *' Ordinatus miracula quae Deus per Sanc- 
^' tnm Deyrorum Regem." 

Incxp. Mirac, — '^ Cumque per universam Nordhanymbrorum 
" provinciam." 
Expl. Mirac. — '^ et in ejus obsequio devotior inveni.** 
In the Preface to the Miracles the author states his in- 
tention to relate the miracles which Oswin had performed 
since his Translation, or which he himself had witnessed, or 
had heard fix>m others. They chiefly refer to persons preserved 
from accidents, and to others punished for contempt of the 
Saint's privileges, or for crimes ; also to cures of various dis- 
eases, &c. They are not so extravagant as usual, nor do they 
contain many remarkable notices ; and' are, apparently, the 
successive compilations of several persons. The earliest writer, 
a monk of St. Alban's,* and formerly Prior of Wymundham, 
who retired to Tynemouth that he might compose at leisure, 
was at that monastery A.D. 1112; and the latest makes mention 
of Becket's shrine and Prior Acharius. Not improbably the 



* Mr. Goxe, in his Catalogae of the Oxford MSS. attribates the Life 
(No. 691), to an anonymoos Monk of St. Alban's. 



250 DESCBIPnVE CATALOGUE OF MAKUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 651. first compiler of the Miracles ended soon after the Translation 
into the new Church,* A.D. 1110 ; as the brother of Gervase, 
Abbot of Westminster, is there said to have been cured of a 
disorder in his ejes bj applying the volume of the Sainfs Life 
to them. 



654. Sermo de Paasione gloriosi et sanctiaeimi Principis 

et Martyris OswinL 

MS. C.CC. Oxon. 143. ff. 19-30. tcU. mall 4to. xii. cent 

Incip. — <' Exultemus in Domino, dilectissimi et beati Regis 
** et Martjris Oswini natalitia." 



655. De Passioue et Inventione S. Oswini, cum Hj^mnis, 

Lectionibus, etc. 

t M8. C.C.C. Oxon. 134. ff. 87-104. yell, small 4to. xii. cent 

ExpL ProL-^^^ TLOTL cnrans si pravorum livescat inyidia 
" dum pie legentium proficitur disciplina. 

Indp. Pasiio. — '^Passio Sancti Oswini, Dejrorum Regis 
" et Martyris prsecellentissimi. Post mortem siquldem 
« .ffidwini." 

There are also in this MS. '^ Officium in festo S. Oswini," 
(f. 64) ; and '^ Tabula ostendens S. Oswini Passionem, Inven- 
^< tionem, et Translationem " (f. 1). 



655a. De S. Oswino Bege et Martyre. 

MS. Cott. Tiber. E. 1. ft 
MS. Bodl. Tanner, 15. t<s]L Iblio. zr. eent 

/ii<^.— ^' Beatns enim Oswinus ex antiqnorum darissima." 
Expl.'^** potestati demonum tradita fuit.** 
The same text as that printed in Capgrftve's ''Nova 
« Legenda^" f. 256 b. 

* The New Church of Tjmemoath iras conseentod AJ). 1110. The 

donnitory was corered '* stiputt siecA," and had <* fenestras ligaeas." The 
story of Baldwin, the goldsmith employed to decorate Oswin's shrine, 
mentions the year 1184. 

t This MS. is imperfect at the beginning. 



TO THE EARLY HISTOBY OF OBEAT BBITAIN. 261 

666. Seint Oswin, the Bang, the Holy Martir. A.T). 65 1. 

MS. Bodl. 779. ff. 208-212 b. paper, folio, xv. cent. 

Jitctjp.— '^In somtjme weren in Ingelonde EiDges swythe 
" ryve.'* 

ExpL — '' and wende to the joye ther that he hoth wone. 
" Amen." 

This piece is attributed to Robert of Gloucester, a bio- 
graphical notice of whom will be given in a future page. 



A.D. 653. A.D. 653. 

657. De S. Honorio, Archiepiscopo. 

MS. Cott YofpM. B. zx. ff. 2ia*S21. irell. 4to. xii. cent. 

MS. HarL 105. ft 246 b>249. veil, small folio, xii. cent. 

•MS. Harl. 652. ff. 214-215. veil, folio, dble. cols. xii. cent. 

Ruhr. — " De Sancto Honorio Archiepiscopo, Lectio L*' 

Incip, Lect L — '^Beato Archiepiscopo Justo^ ad coelestia 
'^ translatOy Sanctissimus Honorius." 

ExpL Lect. X. — ^^ nunc cum Domino regnans Dominum 
'* nobis perpetuum in hoc et in future sseculo semper exoret." 

This tract bj Goscelin is an amplification of Beda's text, and 
is divided into ten Lections ; it is of no historical importance. 

St Honorius was a Roman by birth and a monk bj profes- 
sion ; he was sent by Gregory to preach in England. On the 
death of St. Justus^ he was chosen archbishop of Canterbury, 
and consecrated at Lincoln by Paulinus, archbishop of York. 
He died on the dOth September, A.D. 663. 



658. Vita S. Honorii, Archiepiscopi Cantuarienflis, 

carmine Elegiaco. 

MS. Lambeth. 159. ff. 226-226 b. paper, folio, xv. cent. 

/ne^.-— ^'Custos justitiaB snccedit Honorius illi.'* 
Es^L-^^* Donee earn renovet gratia larga des. Amen.'* 
This Life oeoors among the Lives of the first ten Arch- 
bishops of Canterbury ; it is very brief. 

* This MS. wants the last Chapter, and ends : *' in monasterio Beatorum 
<* Apostolorom Petri et Panli." 



252 DESCBipnvE catalogue of manuscriptb beijlting 
A J). 653. 559 j)^ g^ Honorio, Archiepisoopo et Confeesore. 

MS. Cott Tiber. E. 1. ff. 244-245. 
lis. BodL Tanner. 15. Tell, folio, zy. cent 

Ineip. — ** Beato Archiepidoopo Justo ad coelestia translato.'* 
Expl. — <^ proposltum in hoc esse sasculo semper exorst.** 
Printed in Capgrave's '^Nova Legenda Angliasy** f. i81» 

abbreviated from Goscelin's text (No. 657) ; and in the ''Acta 

*' Sanctontm,'* viii. 698 (30 Sept.) 
For a description of these MSS. see Nos. 35 and 38. 



A.D. 655. 



A.D. 656. 
660. Miracula Sancti Ithamari, Roffensis Episoopi. 

MS. C.C.C. Cant. 161. velL folio, dble. cols. ziL or ziii cent 

Rubr. — "Incipiant Capitula Miraculorum Sancti Ithamari 
" EpiscopL" 

This Syllabus gives 17 Chapters. 

i?ai5r. — '' Expliciunt Capitula. — ^Incipit Prologus in Miracala 
** Sancti Ithamari Episcopi." 

Ific^. JFVo/. — ** Pauca de Miracnlis beati Ithamari." 

ExpL Proh — '' teste conscientia, mendacii admiscens.'* 

Rtibr, — ^''Explicit Prologus. — ^Incipit Liber Miraculorum 
'' Sancti Ithamari, Roffensis Episcopi.** 

Ineip. Jftroc.— ''Tempore igitur yenerabilis etDeo dllecti 
" patris nostri Gundulfi Episcopi." 

Expl. Mirae, — "prasstante Domino nostro Jhesu Christo, 
" qui cum Patre et Spiritn Sancto vivit et regnat Deus per 
" omnia siecula saeculorum. Amen." 

This tract was apparently written about the middle of the 
twelfth century. Matilda, Queen of Stephen, is mentioned 
in cap. xii., Bishop John (1125-1137) in cap. vi., Bishop 
Gundulf (1076-1107) in cap. ii. 

Of the personal history of Ithamar, Bishop of Rochester, 
nothing is known, beyond the few notices of him in Beda. 
His remains were removed in the time of Gundulf, when the 
church was rebuilt, to a lofty vault on the north side ; and 
were again translated by Bishop John. 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 253 



661. De S. Ithamaro. A.D. e55. 

MS. Cott Tiber. E.].£ 317. 
MS. Bodl. Taoner. 15. Tell folio, dble. cola. zt. cent. 

Ine^. — ^'Paucft de miraculis Beati Ithamari." 
ExpL — ''et sanitati redditas Deo gratias referebat.** 
Abridged firom No. 660, and printed in Capgrave's ^* Nova 

** Legenda Angliaey** and thence in the " Acta Sanctorum,'' ii. 

294 (Jan. 10). 

For a description of these MSS. see Nos. 85 and 38. 



662. Vita S. Mochoemoci, sen Pulcherii^ Abbatis Liat- 

morensiB in Hibemia. 

MS. Manh. Dublin. 

Ine^, — '^ Beatissimus Abbas Mochoemoc de provincia 
" Connactorum." 

JSxpl. — *' ubi per earn a Christo multa miracola patrantar ; 
" ctti est honor et gloria, cum Deo Patre et Spiritu Sancto, in 
** secnla ssculorum." 

Printed in the ''Acta Sanctorum/' ii. 280 (18 Mar.), ''Ex 
" MS. Kilkenniensi " (probably the same as the above ; see 
No. 472), collated with Colgan's edition in his "Acta Sane- 
' torum Hibemiee," i. 589. This Life is thought to be coeval. 

St. Mochoemoc was educated under St. Comgal, in the 
monastery of Benchor ; he laid the foundation of the monas- 
tery of Laith-Mochoemoc, around which a large town was 
raised, which still bears his name. He died on the Idth of 
March, A.D. 655. 



663. Yita S. Mocoemog. 

MS. THn. Coll. Dublin. 66S (793 of the CataL MSS. Ang!i» et Hibernis). 



264 DESCRIPnYE CATALOGUE OF HANUSCBIFT8 BXLATIKG 

AJ). 6J5i5. 664. De S. Foillano, Episcopo et Martyre. 

MS. Cott Tiber. £. 1. ff. 264-265. 
MS. Bodl. Turner. 15. yell, folio, xv. cent 

Incip. — <' Be«tu« Foillauus in Hibemia ex regali prosapia 
" ortuB." 

ExpL — ^' desideria fideliter poaeentiom." 

The same text as that printed in Capgrave's ** Nova Legenda 
"* AngliflB.^ See Nos. 35 and 38. 

St. Foillan was brother of St Fursey, and son of F^ltan, 
King of Munster; he became abbot of the monaitery of 
Knobersburg, built by Fursey ; after whoaa death he went 
abroad with his other brother, Ultan. Here he was assas* 
sinated, in the forest of Sonec (now Charbonidre) in Hainault, 
October 31st^ ^66y and his body was discoyered on the 16th 
of June 656. 

Menard has published a Life of Foillan from an ancient 
MS., in his additions to the '^ Benedictine Martyrology," but it 
is of very little authority. A Life of this Saint in verse, 
addressed to Sigebert, is said to have been written^ but no 
traces of it can now be found. 



665. Passio S. Foillani. 

MS. Bibl. du Boi. 5371. 9. olim Balui. veil. ziiL cent 



666. Vita S. Livini, Episoopi et Martyris, ad aimum 656, 

auctore Bonifisuiio ooibvo. 

MS. Bodl. Fell. 4. t 100 b. velL folio, zii. ceqt 

MS. GompendieBs. 
MS. Monast S. Martini Tomacensif . 

Incip. ProL — " Bonifacius homo peccator, servus servorum." 
Incip, Vita. — ** Tempore igitur quo Colomagnus inclytus Rex 

*« Scottorum." 
ExpL — "prope sepulchrum beatissimi et Deo dilectissimi 

'' Martyris Livini*, ubi fiunt miracnla ad laudem et gloriam 

* At this point end the editions of Sonus and Mabillon. 



i 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 255 

*' Domini nostri Jesu Christi, qui cum Deo Patre et Spiritu A.D. 656. 
*^ Sancto vivit et regnat Deus per omnia ssBCula saeculorum. 
^ Amen. Explicit Passio Sancti Liviui Martyris." 

Printed in Mabillon's '^Acta Sanctorum Ord. Benedict./' 
ii. 431 (12 Not.) " Ex MS. Compendiensi/' as the composition 
of Boniface.* It had previouslj been printed by Serarius in 
the Appendix to his edition of the Letters of Boniface. It also 
occurs in the collected works of that eminent man, edited by 
Giles ii. 117 ed. 8vo. Lend. 1844. 

St. Livinus, commonly called the ^'Apostle of Brabant/' was 
born in Ireland at the latter end of the sixth century ; he was 
baptized by St Augustine, and educated by St. Benignus ; 
from his earliest youth he is said to have devoted himself to 
study, particularly to poetry.*! Having been ordained as a 
Titular Bishop^ by St. Augustine, he went into Flanders 
about the year 662, to preach the Gospel, and resided in the 
monastery of Ghent, with Abbot Floribert ; he afterwards 
went to Hauthem and Alost to exercise his episcopal functions, 
where he found the people so ferocious and so uncivilized 
that he himself foresaw his martyrdom by them. He was 
murdered on the 12th of November, A.D. 656, 



* Many of the earlier critics attributed to Boniface of Mayence a Life 
of Liyinos, the Aportle of Brabant The BollanditU (5 June, p. 494, § 30} 
are right in refusing to ascribe it to him, bat are in error in thinking it of 
the twelfth or thirteenth century, as it is undoubtedly anterior to the 
productions of Goscelin of Canterbury ; for in his life of St. Augustine 
(Mabil. 1. 526, and « AngL Sacr.," il 60. § 36), he speaks of this Life 
so as to identify it with that which he there alludes to. The style of 
this tract is bad and affected, the ikets few and unimportant; the 
individuals mentioned are elsewhere unknown. The English part seems 
pun fable, and is certainly not the work of a contemporary. It was 
probably written in 1007 (on the Translation of the Sidnt's remains to 
St. Bavo at Ghent) by a monk of that establishment, or else by a monk 
of Hauthem, as it was composed by the inmate of a church in which the 
festival of the Martyr was held. To give it weight, he prefixes to it the 
name of Bonifiboe, meaning probably Boni&oe of Mayence ; and he affects 
the style of writers of the seventh century. But he condunns himself 
by saying that he derived his information fW>m the scholars of Livinus, all 
of whom were dead before Boni&ce was in a position to write. 

t Speaking of himself, he says, " Sic ego qui quondam, studio florente, 
** videbar esse Poeta." C' Hist Lit de la France," ii. 5S4.) 

X Colgan says he was Bishop of Dublin. 



256 DBSCRIPnVK CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RKtJlTINO 

A.D. 65«. 667. Vita brevis S. Livini, Aichiepiscopi et Martyris. 

Ex BreYiario Eod. Gandensis. 

/fic^. — ** Liyinas in Scotia nobili genere natus." 

Esqid, — ** Dt rerum gestanim diyenitas materiam duplioet 

** gaodioraiii, ad gloriam Omnipotentia Dei in Bscnla saecu- 

** lonun. Amen." 
Printed in Sorias, '' Vite Sanctorum," 12 Nov. 



c« 



668. Passio S. liviniy EpisoopL 

US. & YeduCi ap. AtKbut ^elL 

Ime^. — ** Beatns Livinns Martyr, sicut ex narratione Boni< 
facii comprehendi potest, qui Yitam ejus descripsit." 



669. Vita et Paasio S. Livini, Episcopi et Martyria 

MS. S. Petri AldenbuTgensis. 
MS. otim Heber. 1499. 



AJ). €60. -A-I5- 660 

670. Yita S. Rumwoldi, Confeasoris. 

MS. BibL Reg. IS. A. z. It 551^-61 h. TeUL 4to. zii. cent. 
MS. CC.C. Cant 9. pp. 53-68. TelL IbUo. zi. oent 
•MS. Anmdel. Brit Mus. 91. ff. 194 b-197. veil, iblio. xii cent 



n 

t9 



Imcip, I\roL — '' Legitur Christi magnalia enarrare.' 
Indp. Vita. — ^ Fuit namque in insula Migori Britannia.' 
ExpL Vita. — *' grayatis sospitatis munus, annuente Domino 

'^ nostro Jesu Christo, qui in IJnitate Trinitatis vivit et regnat 

« Dens per omnia stecula sseculorum. Amen." 
This is nearly the same text as that in Capgrave, but has 

a Prologue, which he omits. 



* This MS. wants the Prologue. 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 257 

Penda, a pagan, and King of Mercia, had a daughter, who A.D. 660. 
embraced the Christian faith ; she married another pagan, 
king of Northumbria, whom she converted. The issue of this 
marriage was Rumwold, who was bom at Sulthun, where he 
was also buried. His remains were translated to Brackley in 
Northamptonshire, and afterwards to Buckingham. 



671. De S. Rumwoldo, Confessore. 

Ma CotL Tiber. E. 1. £ 372-273 b. 
MS. Bodl. Tanner, 15. yell, folio, xv. cent. 

Tncip. — "In Britannia Majori fuit rex quidam nomine 
" Penda." 

ExpL — " sospitatas munns, annuente Domino nostro Jesu 
" Christo.'* 

Printed in Capgrave's ** Nova Legenda Angliee.'' It is in 
substance nearly the same as No. 670. For a description of 
these MSS. see Nos. 85 and 88. 



672. Vita S. Rumwoldi, Confessoris. 

MS. Lanadowne. 436. ff. 104-1 05 K Tell, fblio. xiv. cent 

imrt/i. — ** Mirabilis Deus in Sanctis suis.*' 

Expl, — ** sospitads munus.'' 

This piece is an abbreviation of Capgrare's text, witii 
short introduction. 

In the Prologue the author states that though the History 
of Rumwold may seem incredible to some persons, yet the 
belief of former times forbids him to exclude it from the 
Catalogue of English Saints. 



673. Legenda de Sancto Etfrido, Fresbytero de 

Leoministria. 

MS. Harl. 2259. ff. 132-133. Yell, folio xiy. cent 

Ruhr. — '* Incipit Legenda de Sancto Etfrido, Presbytero de 
** Leoministria." 

VOL I. B 



258 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A«D. 660. Incip.'^^* Erat Merwaldus, rex Merciorum, paganismo 
" deditufl." 

jE'd^Z.^-^'odebris et felix memona^ cui honor et gloria in 
" 8»culorum stecula. Amen/' 

Etfrid, on hii way from the northern parts of this island 
to convert Merewidd, a Pagan king, had a vision of a lion. 
Haying converted Merewald bj interpreting a frightful dream, 
that monarch founded a monastery, A.D. 660, and called it 
Leominstre, in remembrance of Etfrid's vision. 

This legend does not occur elsewhere. 



A.D. 661 A.D. 661. 

674. Vita antiqua Hibernica S. Cumeani Alti^ incerto 

auctore Si^uli YIII. 

MS. Stowe. xl. yell. 
♦ MS. Stowe. xix. veil. Syo. 

The Life of St. Cumean in the first of the above named MSS. 
consists of twenty pages folio ; the first and last of which are 
nearly illegible. The characters correspond with those of the 
Irish Bible (MS. Harl. 2082), written in 1138, and with those 
of the President De Robien's Irish MS. of the same age, 
described in the " Nouveau Traits de Diplomatique,^' ill. 

St. Cumean surnamed <* Foda " or " The Long," to distin- 
guish him from St. Cumian called <' Fionn," or « The Fair,*' 
was the son of Fiachna, King of West Munster. He was 
born in 592, and was advanced to the Episcopal dignity, but 
the name of his See is not known. He afterwards retired to St. 
Columbanus' Monastery at Bobbio in Italy, where he died on 
the 12th of November, A.D. 661. He is honoured in Ireland 
and in Italy on the 19th of August. Usher says that he died 
in 682. 



* This is merely a fragment, consisting of four leaytf. 



TO THE EABLT HISTOKT OF GBEAT BRITAIN. 259 

675. Vita S. Cumiam Alti, Hibemice. aJ). 661. 

MS. Stowe. xxyi. £ 149. paper, folio. 

'^ This is a copy of an ancient Life of St. Cumean, which 
" never was published. It is in Irish prose, blended with 
" quotations in verse. It is quoted from a MS. in the Irish 
*' Library at Louvain, by Colgan." (O'Connor's Catalogue of 
theStoweMSS. i. 127.) 



■ji * 



A.D. 661. 
676. Vita S. Finani, Episcopi Lindisfamensia. 

There is an Historical Commentary on the Life of this 
Saint in the "Acta Sanctorum," iii. 21 (17 Feb.), founded on 
Beda's Narrative (H. £. iu. 17, 21, 22, 24, 25, 26), and the 
" Breviary of Aberdeen." There is also a short notice of this 
Saint in Colgan's " Acta Sanctorum Hibernise," i. 357. 

Finan was a monk of lona, in Scotland, and .succeeded 
Aidan in the See of Lindisfarne. He was called the " Apostle 
" of the Mercians," as it was through his preaching that that 
kingdom was converted to the Christian faith. He was Bishop 
of Lindisfarne from 651 to 661 ; baptized Peada, King of 
the Mid" Angles in 653, and died on the 31st of August 
AD. 661. 



A.D. 664. A.D.664. 

677. De Ethelberto, Eadbaldo, et Eorcomberto, Regibus 

Cantise, fragmenta antiqua. 

MS. Cott. Fauft B. ii. f. 190. veil. 4to. xii. cent. 

Ineip.-^** Beato igitur Aj^lbrihto, regi Anglorum." 
ExpL — '* curam pontiflcidem EcclesiiB Roffensis suscepit." 
Two short fragments, being mere excerpts from Beda. 



R 2 



260 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUK OF MANUSCfRIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 6e4. A.D. 664. 

678. De S. Cedd^ Episoopo, Fratre S. Ceddse Episoopi. 

MS. Cott. Tiber. E. 1. ff. 51 b-.ISb. 
MS. BodL Tanner, 1 5. veU. folio, xt. cent. 

Incip, — ** Quia euim diem obitus Sanctissimi Cedd.*^ 
ExpL — " Promotas multis in ecclesia utilis fuit."* 
For a description of these MSS. see Nos. 35 and 38. 
Printed in Capgrave's " Nova Legenda Anglite," abridged 
from Beda's narrative (Hist. Eccl. iii. 21, et seqg.) The 
Editors of the " Acta Sanctorum," i. 373 (7 Jan.), derive their 
information directly from Beda (Hist. Eccl. iii. 21). 

Cedd, a monk of Lindisfarne, was sent, with four others, to 
preach to the Mid-Angles, at the request of King Peada, 
who had been converted and baptized ; he afterwards preached 
to the East Saxons, as their Bishop, and fixed his see at 
London. He died of the plague at Lestingham, a monastery 
which he had founded, and over which he also presided* He 
was the brother of Ceadd, or Chad, Bishop of Lichfield, who 
died A.D. 672. 



679. De S, Ced, Orientalium Saxonum Episcopo. 

MS. Lensdowne, 436. IT. 1 14-116. yelL folio, xiv. cent. 

Incip. — **De eximis sanctitatis viro Sancto Ced." 
EapL — '^ ac salutis docendo exhibcret." 



A.D. 664. 
680. Vita S. Fechini, Abbatis Fourii in Hibemia. 

MS. Bodl. RawL B. 505. ff. 181-185. veil, folio, zir. cent. 
MS. BocU. Rawl. B. 485. f. 181. Tell. 4to. xiv. cent 

Incip, — " Sanctus ac venerabilis Abbas Fechinus." 

JExpL — ^^ Frigore membra domans, in aquis vigilare solebat** 

Printed in the ** Acta Sanctorum," ii. 329 (20 Jan.), from 

two MSS. : one communicated by Hugh Ward, a Franciscan, 

* The ** Nairatio." -which follows the Life, has also reference to St. Cedd 



i 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 261 

the other by Henry Fitz-Simon. Bollandus also prints, in the 
'' Acta Sanctorum," a Hymn, which had been sent by Hugh 
Ward, beginning, 

" Festum diem celebremus, 
£t Fechino laudes demus.'' 

It is also printed by Colgan (Acta Sanctorum Hibernis, i. 
] 30), " ex MS. Inisensi," and is there ascribed to Augustin 
Magradin. 

The name of the author of this Life is unknown, but it was 
written, or interpolated, in the 12th century ; after the English 
had conquered Ireland. Colgan states that Aibranus, a friend 
of St. Fechinus wrote his Life. 

St. Fechinus, Abbot of Fore, in the county of Westmeath, 
was born at Bile Fechin (now Billy), in the county of Sligo, 
of royal descent, and was educated by St. Nathy of Achonry. 
Having converted the pagans in the island of Immagh (Omeg), 
he built a monastery there, and another in Ardoilen. He 
died of the pestilence,* A.D. 664.f 



681. Vita S. Fechini. 

Ex MSS. Hibemicis. 
Incip, — " Sanctus Fechinus Abbas et anchoreta praeclarus 
in ea regione Cormaciffi que Lugne appellatur." 
ExpL — *^ et tota Hibemia usque ad octiduum esse profli- 
gates.** 

Printed by Colgan (Acta Sanctorum Hibernias, i. 133), 
*' ex MSS. Hiberhicis ;** beyond which, they are not identified. 



t< 



(t 



A.D. 664. 
682. De S. Deusdedit, ArchiepiBoopo Cantuariensi. 

MS. Cott Vespas. B. xx. ff. 22U2Sd. veil. 4to. xil cent. 
MS. HarL 105. ft 249-250 b. veil, small folio, xil cent 

Ruhr, — *' De Sancto Deusdedit, Archiepiscopo." 
Incip. — " Egregius Dei Pontifex, Honorius.*' 

* St Fechinofl is mentioned by Ginddos Camhiensis in his *'Topographia 
<* Hibemin," Dist ii. cup. 52 (p. 733, ed. 1603.; 

t Sir James Ware, '* De Scriptorilras HibemisB,'' p. 98, places the death 
of Fechinus on 20th January 665. See also Usher, Brit Eccles. Antiq. 
501, 502. 



262 DBSCBIPTTVIS CATALOGUE OF MANUSOBIFTS RELATING 

A.D. 664, ExpL^-erum^nten tumba enarrant ad laudem Domini nos- 
** tri Jesu Christi, qui vivit et regnat per omnia 8«oula 
'* BflBCulorum. Amen." 

Goscelin is the author of ihia piece, and what he has not 
taken immediately from Beda (Hist. EccL iii. 20) is ahnost 
whollj declamation or inference. 

St. Deusdedit was the first native of England who became 
Archbishop of Canterbury, his English name being Frithona. 
He died A.D. 664.* 



683. De S. Deuededit, Episcopo et ConfesBore. 

MS. Cott Tiber. £. i. ff. 208 b«~S09. 

MS. BodL Tanner, 15. veil, folio, xt. cent 

MS. BodL 240. t 61S. 

Incip. — " Egregius Dei Pontifex." 

ExpL — " nee ultra projecit/' 

Printed in the "Acta Sanctorum,'' iv. 48 (15 July). 

The text is the same as that printed in Capgrave's ** Nova 
** Legenda Anglis,** and is an abridgment of Goscelin's Life, 
mentioned above. 

As to the first two MSS. above cited, see Nos. 35 and 38. 



684. Vita S. Deusdedit, Archiepiscopi, Carmine Elegiaco. 

MS. Lambeth, 159. ff. 226-227. paper, folio. XT.cent. 

Incip. — " Praeclarus meritis tunc ipse Deusdedit isti," 
ExpL — ^^ GrsBca Latina Pater preeminet hiis aliia.'^ 
This piece occurs among the Lives of the first ten Arch- 
bishops of Canterbury. It is very brief. 



* See Beda, H. E. It. k 



TO THE EABLT HISTOBT OT QAEAT BRITAIN. 263 

A.D. 665. A.D. 665, 

685. Passio Beatorum Martyrum Etheldredi et 
Ethelbrictiy cum Genealogia eorum. 

MS. Bodl. 285. ff. 116-120 b. yell. fdio. dble cols. zii. or xiu. cent 

Ruhr. — " Incipit Prologus in Passione beatorum Martjrum 
« Etheldredi et Ethelbricti." 

Incip, ProL — ^^Postquam mundo venialis indulgentise." 

Incip, Pcusio. — '^ Tempore illo quo per divinae gratiae illus* 
" trationem." 

Expl. Passio, — ^^ eis cootulit honoris gratia, regnante Bege 
" setemo Christo, cujus regni imperium permanet in saecula 
" 6850ulonim. Amen* 

Then follows their Translation, f. 120 b. 

Inc^. Transh — ''Igitur praedicti Sancti Martjris Domini." 

Expl. TransL — '^binas stolas coelestis glorias, largiente 
'^ Christo, retributore omnium, qui vivit et regnat per omnia 
** saecula sasculorum. Amen.'' 

In the Ptologue is the genealogy from Ethelbert, king of 
Kent, of Domneva, Mildburga, Mildrytha, Milgjth, Mil- 
burh, Sec. Ethelred and Ethelbert flourished in the infancy 
of the church in Britain. They were sons of Eormenred, and 
grandsons of Eadbald, king of Kent, and were committed 
to the care of Egbert, king of Kent. Thunur, enraged at 
their virtues and jealous lest they should supplant him in the 
king's favour, persuaded the king to suffer them to be put to 
death ; who accordingly murdered them, and buried them 
under the royal throne at Easterige [Eastry]. The murder 
was discovered by a ray of light from heaven descending 
through the roof of the building and falling upon the grave. 
Egbert, alarmed, called a council, and proposed to send for 
their sister Domnev% in order to pay to her the price of their 
blood i upon which she demanded as much land as her stag 
could encompass at one course. Thunur was afterwards 
swallowed up by the earth. Domneva built a church 
[Minster] in Thanet, and sent her daughter Mildretha to 
France for instruction, &c. 

A Translation of these Martyrs took place in the time of 
Ethelred to the Abbey of Ramsey. They were removed 
with the consent of Earl Ethelwin, in whose territory they 
lay, and with the assistance of Archbishop Oswald. 



264 DESCBIPTIYE CATALOGUE OF HAKUSCRIFTS BKLATING 

A.D. 6«6. There seems to be little doabt that this Passion was written 
bj Grosoelin. If other proof fkiled, the extracts from the life 
of Mildretha seem decisive ; indeed this Life is little more 
than an abridgment of her Life (Vespas. B. xx. 6), with, per- 
haps, a few additions, 

The^aaihor seems to have used the same materials that 
Simeon of Dorham (see Twjsd. 85) had before him. 

Compare MS. Lambeth. 188. 25 (Wanlej), with MS. Cott. 
Calig. A. xiy., as far as that reaches, and Vita Mild. MS. Cott. 
Vespas. A. XX. and MS. Cott. Calig. A. xix. 



686. De SS. Etheldredo et Eihelbricio, Martyribus. 

MS. Cott Tiber. £.1. £ 257 b-238 b. 
MS. BodL Tanner, 15. yelL folio, dble. cols. xt. cent 

Incip. — '' Edbaldus Bex Cantiie, filius Ethelberti, per 
** Sanctum Augustinum ad fidem conversi." 

Expl, — ** ad ccenobiiun Rameseie, sexto decimo Kalendarum 
" Novembris.'' 

Printed in Capgrave's ** Nova Legenda Angliae." For a 
description of these MSS. see Nos. 35 and 38. 

The Editors of the ''Acta Sanctorum," viiL 96 (Oct. 17), 
print a Life from Twjsden's edition of Simeon of Durham, and 
translate the " Narratio de Sanctis," kc. 



A.D. 665. 

687. Yitae Sanctarum Etheldrit]iae, Eihelburgss, 
Sexburgse, et Wihtburgss. 

MS. Lanfd. 36. ff. 34 b-36 b. yell, folia xir. cent 

Nearly the same text as that in Beda's Narrative. 

The writer excuses himself from relating their miracles. 

Ruhr, — ^* De Sancta Etheldrida, Yirgine, et sororibus suis^ 
** Sexburga^ Witburga^ et Ethelburga." 
Inc^. — " Vitam SanctsB Etheldridie, Reginas et Virginia." 
ExpL — " originem duxerat." 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 265 

De S. Ethelburga, Virgine. ^ ^ ^^5 

Incip. — " Habuit autem beata Virgo Christi, Etheldrida, 
" trea sorores." 

Expl, — ^* transiit autem Nonas Julii/* 

De S. Sexburga. 

Incip, -^*^ Aliam autem sororem." 
ExpL — *' prsBsta beneficia." 

De S. Wihtburga. 

Incip. — *^ Ad illud etiam monasterium." 
ExpL — '* vitans prolixitatem, scribere dimitto." 
Etheldritha, Ethelburga, Wihtburga^ and Sexburga, were 
the daughters of Anna, King of the East Angles. The first, 
though twice married, triumphantly displayed to Heaven the 
palm of perpetual virginity. Ethelburga was first a nun, and 
afterwards Abbess, of the Monastery of Faremoustier in Brie. 
Wihtburga's body was found at Deorham fifty-five years after 
her death. Sexburga was married to Ercombert, King of 
Kent, and, after his death, took the veil in the same monastery 
where her sister Etheldritha was .proclaimed a Saint. 



Hymnus de S. Adalburga, Virgine. 
Mabil. Annal. i. 692 in Appendice. 

The Life of Sexburga will be found more at length in 
MS. Cott. Calig. A. viii. 7. 10. 



A-D. 668. ^ j,^ ,,3^ 

688. Vita S. Judoci, Presbyteri et Confessoris. 

MS. Monast. GkmeticenBis. 

M& Bodl. 854 (2432) ff. 201 b-205l>. veil. foUo. dble. cols. ziL cent. 

♦MS. Bodl. FeD. 4. f. 156 b. velL foUo. xiU. cent 

Ruhr.—'' Incipit Praefatio in Vita Sancti Judoci." 

Incip. F^af.^** Nobilissimis Ecclesi« Dei filiis." 

7iunfp. Vita. — " Reverentissimus enim Dei famulus, Judocus 

nomine." 



• This MS. does not contain the IVeface, and the illiuninated initial 
letter has been cat oat 



266 DESCRIPTIVE CATAIX)GUE OP MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 668. ExpL — *^ plenam dignatus est, qui vivit cum Patre in 
*' unitate Spiritus Sancti Deus per immortalia saecula ssocu- 
* * lorum. Amen." 

Colophon^ — ^* Explicit Yita Sancti Judoci Confesaoris.*' 

Printed in Mabillon's ''Acta Sanct. Ord. Bened./' ii. 541. 
" ex MS. Monast. Gemeticensis ante annos 700 manu de- 
*' scripto." 

Mabillon, however, considers this Life to be the produc- 
tion of an author who wrote in the eighth century ; and 
enquires whether it may not be ascribed to Alcuin. 

Judoc, or Josse, was the son of Juthail, or Judathail, King of 
Brittany. He first joins eleven pilgrims going to Rome, and 
visits, on his way thither, Avranches, Chartres, and Paris. 
At the entreaty of Haymon, Duke of Ponthieu, he takes up 
his abode at a place cfdled Villa S. Petri, during seven years, 
where he builds a hermitage on the river Alteja [Authie]. 
Birds and fishes allow him to handle them. He divides a single 
loaf into four loaves, which are distributed by his attendant 
Urmarius to four beggars. Ships laden with provisions arrive 
from his fatherland. He remains at his retreat eight years. 
He goes to Runiaco, where he builds a church to St. Martin, 
and remains there thirteen years. Haymon builds another 
hermitage for Judoc, with two chapels of wood, in honour 
of St. Peter and St. Paul. Judoc makes a pilgrimage to 
Rome ; on his return he settles in the church of St» Martin, 
which Hajmon had built for bim, where he dies about the 
year 668. 



689. Vita S. Judoci. 

MS. Reg. 8. B. xiy. ff. 1-12 b. velL 4to. xi. cent. 

Mutilated at the beginning. 

Incip, — on a small portion of a leaf. — " ad 

'^ quod destinatam." 

f. 2. Incip. — ^''infinita snculomm tempera. Amen." 

Cap. vi. " Ex illo die.'* 

ExpL Invent. — '' ab aeterno et in ssBCulorum ssscula per- 
" manet stemaliter. Amen." 

Ruhr. (f. 4 b.) — " Explicit Inventio corporis venerandi Con- 
^* fessoris Christi, Judoci. — ^Incipit sequentium tezttts mira* 



« 



u 



TO THE KABLT HI8T0BT OF GB£iT BRITAIN. 267 

** culoram admirabilis et Deo digni Judoci, cujua dies investi A.D. 66& 
'' corporis octavo Kalendas Augusti celebratar." 
Ine^, Mirac. — ^* Quoniam opitulante superna Conditoris 
omniiun gratia.'' 

ExpL Mirac. — '^ yultu jsereno intendat, prasstante Domino 
summo, qui vivit et regnat in ssecula sseculorum. Amen." 
We have here a copy, unfortunately imperfect, of the 
Translation of St. Judoc, written by I^embard, a monk of 
Fleury, upon the discovery of the remains of that Saint in the 
year 977.* The first five Chapters are wanting. Chapter 6 
contains an account of the vision of Stephen, and of the 
church built by Judoc. C. 7, the vision of Judoc, pointing 
out the place of his interment, and foreshowing the rebuild- 
ing of the church. C. 8, the interpretation of the vision. 
9, an exhortation, on his festival, to invoke the Saint. Then 
follow the Miracles ; C. 1 contains an exhortation to honour 
St. Judoc; the author pleading his inability to treat the 
subject fitly. C. 2 relates to the discovery of the body of 
St. Judoc ; it was placed on the altar of St. Martin, until the 
ofierlngs had enabled Abbot Sigebraud to rebuild the church ; 
it was then placed for a time in the adjoining church of 
St. Peter. A taper miraculously lighted was seen by several 
persons then living. C. 3 relates that as Sigamar (also named 
Pridain) was watching the relics, as was his frequent custom, 
in the church, where he now lies, the taper became extin- 
guished and was miraculously re-lighied« C. 4 relates the 
punishment of Aumbert, one of the ministers of Count Hildwin, 
while Pridain was officiating in the church of St. Judoc. C. 5 
describes the removal of the body to Ostrehild. C. 6 relates that 
while the author was employed on this work^ dictating to Aid- 
helm, Richarius was present, who had been devoted to St. Richar 
before his birth : various miracles are mentioned, all apparently 
before his removal from Flanders, but there is nothing remark- 
able in any of them. Some were performed in the time of Abbot 
Wido. At the end the author addresses Abbot Aldhelm, by 
whose order he wrote. The Miracles are followed by a Homily, 



* Concerning Isembard and this present work, see Mabillon's *' Acta 
'' Smet Bened." vii 586 ; *' AonaL Bened." Lib. xlviii § 49 ; "Hist Lit de 
** la France,'' vi 430. 



268 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF HANUSCBIPTS EELATING 

AJ). 668. for the feast-day of St. Judoc, commencing, ** Audite, dilec- 
" tissimi fratres in Domino," and ending " accipere mereamnry 
" auxiliante noe Bege aeterno, Domino noetro Jesu Christo, 
'' qui com Patre et Spiritu Sancto vivit et regnat Deus per 
*' omnia siocula sseculorum. Amen." 



690. Sermo Lupi, Abbatis Ferrariacensis, in festivitate 

S. Judoci. 

Ibid. ff. I4b.-I6b. 

Incip, — ** Est, fratres carissimi, vera devotio." 

EaipL — '* manet sequalis per omnia sseculorum ssecula. 

« Amen." 
Mention is made of the ravages committed by the Pagans. 

The piece is followed by the Mass, Hynms, &c., for St. Judoc's 

festival. 



691. Vita S. Judod, versibus rhythmicis. 

Ibid. ff. 20-27 b. 

i^fi^r.— -^^ Sophica theologia in Sancti Judoci Confessoris 
« Vita." 

/nctp. — '^ Una dies inperpetuumi Deus alme, dierum." 
Bubr. (f. 21)—" Vita ejusdem Sancti Patris." 
Inc^, Vita, — '* Vir fuit ingenuus regum de stirpe creatus, 

Nomine Judocus, genitor cujus fuit unus 
Judthail, idem Rex Britannias gentis ho* 



norus." 



ExpL VUa, — '' Collocet intra sui vel claustra pius Paradisi. 
Imperfect at the conclusion. 



692. De S. Jodooo. 



MS. Bodl Laud. 183. ff. 130-133 b. veil, small 4to. xiv. cent 
MS. BibL Dacum Borgiindin. 8275. xiv. cent 

Indp* — ^'Universis Sanctas Matris Ecclesiae fidelibus, et 
" prascipue confratribus gloriosi Confessoris Jodoci." 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 269 

ExpL — " in die beatie Lucias Virginia gloriosae." -^•'^- ^^®' 

This seems to be an abridgment of the Life printed in 

Sorius, "Vitas Sanctorum*' (13 Dec), attributed to Abbot 

Florentius, mentioned below. 



693. Vita S. Judoci, filii Regis Britonum, et Confessoris) 
per Florentium Abbatem conscripta. 

Ex MS. Cod. Guilhebiiitarain Brngensium. 

Ineip. — "Universis sacrosanctie Matris EcclesisB fide- 
" libus.*' 

UxpL — "et post banc vitam sempitema coronet gloria, 
" quod Tobis secundum suam promissionem prsestare dignetur, 
" qui vivit in saecula. Amen.*' 

Printed in Surius, " Vitae Sanctorum" (13 Dec), from the 
above-mentioned MS. 



694. Vita S. Jodoci, filii Judabelis Regis Britannise, 

quern scec iv. vixisse diciint. 

MS. Breslau. 
MS. Hamburg. 

These two notices occur in the Appendix to Rymer's 

« Foedera,~pp. 51andll7. 



A.D. 670. AD. 670. 

695. Passio SS. Wlfadi et Ruffini, filiorum Wlferi regis. 

*MS. Cott Otho A. XVI. 1. 
MS. Fite-William, oUm Waited de Witilaeye. 

Ineip. Prol—'' Si TuUianae facultatis foecunda facundia." 
ExpL Prol, — "pro illius Vita tuenda tenetur mortem 
" sufferre/' 



* This manuscript was destroyed by the calamitous fire of 1731 ; but 
the text which it contained was printed entire by Dngdale, in his « Monas- 
•' ticon^" Ti. 226, ed. Ellis. It appears to have agreed closely with the 
litzwilliam copy. 



270 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OP MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 670. Incip. Vita,^^** Beatos adolescentulos Wlfadum et Baffi- 
'* num." 

ExpL VUa0-^*^ coru8cantibu8, multa beneflcia salutem posta- 
'^ lantibus, ad laudem Domini noBtri Jesu Christie meritis 
'^ Sanctorum praestantur, cui est gloria et imperium in omnia 
" ssecula saeculorum. Amen." 

The portion which this text addt to that given in the 
'^ Acta Sanctorum/* begins thus : ^' Tanto piaculo perpetrate, 
" rex cum/' and ends : ^' in codIo monere cunctis innotuit." 

Printed in the " Acta Sanctorum," v. 571 (24 Jul) " ex 
'^ MS. Petroburgens.;"* but the Editors give no account of 
that MS. beyond stating that it did not contain the Prolog^e^ 
which they add from the oopj in Dugdale's '^ Monasticon." 

In the Prologue, the Author states that he undertakes his 
task from devotion to the Saints, and in order that he may 
prevent their memory from falling into contempt, in conse- 
quence of the rude style in which their Passion has been 
hitherto related.f 

Wulfad and Ruffinus were the sons of Wulfere, King of 
Mercia (who had formerly been baptized by Bishop Finan, but 
had apostatized), and of Ermenilda. Their sister, Werburga, 
was sought in marriage by the king's idolatrous minister, 
Werbod ; but, her brothers opposing him, he became their 
mortal enemy. Wulfad, who was a great hunter, eagerly 
followed a stag, which £ed to the solitary cell of St. Cedd, 
where it took shelter in a pool called St. Cedd's Well. The 
Saint protected it, tied a cord around its neck, and let it go. 
The Saint then converted Wulfad, by showing him his 
power over the stag. Wulfad returned to his father's castle, 
called '-^ Wulfarescestre," and having prevailed on his brother to 
accompany him, they set out for Cedd's habitation, to which 
they were led by the stag. Here Ruffinus was baptized ; and 
Cedd, having foretold their future martyrdom, removed his 
residence nearer to the royal castle. Werbod, hearing 
of their conversion, exasperated their father against them to 



* Could this be Swapham's MS., the ground upon which Camden ascribed 
the work to that indiyidoal ? 

t The author tbus describes the earlier legend : ** Passio prafiitorum, 
*' antiquitus descripta, ob stylum incultum et falsam grammaticam, quibua 
" tota scatet, potius contemptui quam lectioni patet" This Narrative was 
probably destroyed in the Danish invasion, to which the present author 
refers. 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 271 

such a degree, that, surprising them at their religious duties, •A.D. C70. 
at a place called Stanes, he cut off the head of Wulfad, and 
afterwards killed Ruffinus. Gedd (knowing his time was not 
jet come) escaped : whereupon Ermenilda erected a chapel 
on the spot, and^ with her daughter, retired to a monastery. 
Werbod became distracted, and confessed his crime ; Wulfere, 
repenting his conduct, visited Cedd, was baptizedi and received 
penance. Upon seeing his garment hanging from a sunbeam, 
he tied his gloves and girdle upon it ; but thej fell to the 
earth. Wulfere then founded various churches, and among 
them Medeshamsted, since called Peterborough, and a college 
at Stanes.* 

After the Danes, during many years, had made havoc of 
the monasteries, books, and Lives of the Saints, on the return of 
tranquillity in the days of Edgar, Dunstan and Erchenwoldf 
collected new materials, and sent them to Rome, in order 
that these Saints might be canonized by the Pope. Among 
the messengers dispatched for this purpose, was the Provost 
of the Church of the two Martyrs, who, carrying with him the 
head of Wulfad, obtained the insertion of their names in 
the' Roman Miurtyrology. On his return, however, stopping 
at the church of St. Laurence, at Biturinum,j: he was 
miraculously compelled to leave it there, where it performed 
numberless miracles. 

The whole of this relation seems to be pure fable, and the style 
is very verbose and affected. Camden, followed by Selden, 
ascribes it to Swapham ; but Sparke (Script. Var. ad lect.) 
determines (somewhat rashly), from its not being found in the 
MS. of Swapham, at Peterborough, that this is a mistake.§ 
It is probable that the story was invented after the time of 
Hugo Candidus ; as, in his enumeration of Saints buried in 
various parts of England, as well as at Peterborough, these 
Saints are not mentioned.! 



* The text in the ** Acta Sanctorum " ends at this point 

t A mistake, apparently, for Ethelwold, Bishop of Winchester. 

X Prohably Bourges, in France, where was a monastic establishment, 
dedicated to St Laurence. See Qall. Christ, ii. 172. A Bishop of this 
diocese, who died about 664, was named Wulfeod. Id. p. 18. 

§ See note * p. 270. 

I The Bollandists do not hesitate to characterize it as a spurious pro- 
duction (Com. prev. § 10), and they are not far wrong when they thus 
sum up its merits : ** Auctor est anonymus, qui diu post martyrinm ex 
« populari traditione scripsit*' 



272 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 670. ggg yj^ Sanctorum Wulfadi et Rufi. 

MS. Lansd. 436. ff. 23 b-27. rell. folio, xiv. cent 

Incip, — " Gloriosi Martyres Wlfadus et Rufus, duo filii 
" eplendoris." 

ExpL — *' ia eadem urbe crebra fiunt miracula, ad laudem 
" Domini nostri Jesu Cliristi, qui est super omnia Deu<( 
'' benedictus in ssecula. Amen." 

This is an abridgment of MS. Cott. Otho, A. xvi. (No. 695.) 



697. The Lives and Martyrdoms of St. Wol&de and 
St. Ruffin,* put to death by their father Wulfere, 
King of Mercia, for having embraced the Christian 
faith ; in old English verse. Much damaged. 

MS. Colt Nero, C. xii. ff. 1S2-187. paper, folio, xvi. cent 

/!•«>.— « The whiche " 

Expl, — "Throe the meyne of these marters in heven to 
" have a place. Amen." 



A.D. 670. 
698. De S. Fiacrio, Heremita et Confessore. 

MS. Cott. Tiber R 1. ff. 223 b-224. 
MS. BodL Tanner 15. veil, folio, xv. cent 

Incip, — " Sanctus Fiacrius Confessor, vir vita venerabilis.*' 

Expl. — *^ et floruit circa annum Domini sexcentesimum 
" vicesimum secundum." 

Printed in Capgrave's "Nova Legenda Angliae," f. 147, and 
thence by Messingham(Flori1egium Insulie Sanctorum, p. 390), 
together with some other miracles from Surius which are not 
in Capgrave, an extract " Ex Breviario Burdegalensi " and 
an hymn beginning « Lucernce novie specula." 

For a destsription of these MSS. see Nos. 35 and 38. 

* The monastery of Stone, in Staffordshire, was founded in honour of 
these two martyrs. 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 273 

Fiacre was born of noble Irish parents, but i*e tired into -A.TX 670, 
France, in quest of greater solitude than he could find at 
home. Faro, Bishop of Meaux,* gave him a solitary dwelling, 
called Brueil,t in the province of Brie, not far from Meaux. 
He died in 670, and was buried in his own oratory. 



699. Vita S. Fiacrii, Confessoris et Eremitse, ut habetur 
in egregio MS. Codice Eoclesise Trajectensia 

Incip. — " Beatus Fiacrius, ex Hibemia nobilibus ortos pa* 
" rentibus." 

ExpL — '^quod de singulis non est nostrae possibilitatis 
" scribere.'* 

This life is given in Surius (Vitae Sanctorum* 30 Aug., p. 
329), Mabillon also, <<Acta Bened." ii. 572, has collected 
the chief notices respecting St. Fiacre. 



700. Vita S. Fiacrii, Confeseoris. 

MS. BibL da Roi. 5361. 5. olim Philiberti de la Mare. veil. xiy. cent 
MS. BibL de I'Eeole de Medecine, MontpeUier, 1. 



701. Vita S. Fiacrii, auctore anonymo. 

Jncip. Prol. — "Egregius Chris ti Confessor, Fiacrius per- 
*' fectus evangelicsB institutionis discipulus enituit.'* 

Ineip. Vita. — ^' Beatus Fiacrius, Eremita magnificus, in 
" Meldensi territorio." 

ExpL Vita, — ^'ad lucem immarcessibilem, quam solus in- 
'^ habitat Jesus Christus Dominus noster, qui cum Patre et 
'< Spiritu Sancto vivit et regnat Deus per infinita sscula 
'* sfficulorum. Amen." 

Printed in the "Acta Sanctorum," vi. 604 (31 Aug.), 
" ex Codice nostro MS." 



* He was bishop of Meaux from A.D. 626 to 673. See '< Gallia Christi- 
" ana," viil 1600. 

f Conoeming tbe history of this foundation, see *' Gallia Christiana,** Tiii. 
p. 1699. 

VOL. I. S 



274? DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 670. 702. Miracula S. Fiacrii facta Divione, in sacello Ducis 

Burgundise, auctore anonymo. 

Ex MS. Dmoneasi. 

Incip, — ''Mirabilis Deus in Sanctis suis, qui Tirtutem eis 

*' tribuit faciendi miracula/' 

Expl.^*^ cum gaudio ad propria remeavit." 

This is printed in the " Acta Sanctorum/' followed by an 

Appendix of recent miracles, translated into Latin from 

Plessins, " Hist. Eccl. Meldensis," i. 70. 



A.D. 670. 
703. Vita Sanctce Milburgte Yirginis. 

MS. Lansd. 436. ff. 72 b.-76. veil, folio, xir. cent 

/iM?tp.— •' Beata Virgo Milburga regali ex progenie." 
ExpL — '^atque salutarem, praestante hoc Domino nostro 
" Jesu Christo, cui sit honor, decus, et imperium, per omnia 
'^ ssecula sseculorum." 

Milburga * was grand-daughter of Eormenred (brother of 
£arconberht, king of Kent) and daughter of Merewald t and 
Domneva. She built a monastery at Winwicas, now Wenlock ; 
and fled from a neighbouring village called Stoches, to avoid 
the king's son^ who wished to make her his wife. She forbade 
geese to enter her grounds ; and her veil was supported on a 
sunbeam. On her death she was buried in her own monastery. 
Her remains were translated A.D. 1 101 ; as may be seen in the 
account of her miracles, written by Otho, Cardinal of Ostia.^ 
Earl Roger § at that time gave the site of her monastery, which 
had been destroyed by the Danes, to the Cluniacs. A monk of 
the Holy Trinity found an ancient writing, which indicated 

* An historical commentary hj HenschenioB, in which the chief inci- 
dents of her Life are ably brought together, may be seen in the "Acta Sanc- 
" torum," iii 388 (Feb.) Mabillon, "Acta Sanct Ord. Bened." iii. 420, 
also has an essay on the same subject. 

f He was apparently Regnlus of the West Hwiccas. (See Flor. 
Wigom. 675. Simeon Dunelm. coL 89. R. de Diceto, 679.) 

t Otho, Cardinal of Ostia, from A.D. 1088 to 1101. 

§ Roger, Earl of Arundel and Shrewsbury. See Dugd. Baron.i. 26. 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 275 

the spot of her sepulture, and her remains were discovered in -^•^^ ^7^' 
a wooden coffin bound with iron, as was usual among the 
English. Her miracles are to be seen in the book before 
referred to. Such are the statements made in the present Life. 



701. Vita B. Milburgse Yirginis. Inedita est, Bed in fine 

mutilatur. 

MS. Lambeth. 94. 22. f. 169. 



705. Miracula Sanctss Milburgse. 

MS. C. C. C. Cant 433. 6. TelL 4to. xiv. cent. 

This possibly may be the production of the Cardinal of 
Ostia, mentioned in No. 703, which was known to Qarpsfield, 
as he gives some particulars derived from it. See ^^Acta 
" Sanctorum," iii. 388, (23 Feb.) 



706. De S. Milburga. 

MS. Cott Tiber. £. i. ff. 196 b-l98. 
MS. BodL Tanner, 15. veil, folio, xv. cent 

Incip. — " Rex enim inclitus Ethelbertus." 

JExpl. — " et in monasterio suo cum honore sepelitur." 

Printed in Capgrave's "Nova Legenda Anglise," f. 231. 

It is an abridgment of No. 703. For a description of these 

MSS.y see Nos. 35 and 38. 



A.D. 672. A.D. 672. 

707. De S. Ceadda, Episcopo et Oonfessore. 

MS. Cott Tiber. E. i. ff. 51 b-52 b. 
MS. Bodl. Tanner, 15. yell, folio, xt. cent 

Incip, — ^'Anno autem Dominicse Incarnationis sezcentesimo 

" sexagesimo quarto." 

ExpL — ^* ablata molestia^ sospitatem conferre solet." 

S 2 



276 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

AJ). 672. YoT a description of these MSS. see Nos. 35 and 38. 

Printed in Capgrave's **Nova Legenda." The substance 
is derived from Beda's narrative : and the information printed 
in the <'Acta Sanctorum,** i. 143 (2 March), is from Beda 
(Hist. Eccles. iii. 28, and iv. 2, 3). 

Chad, or Ceadda, was educated at Lindisfame, under Aidan, 
and succeeded his brother Cedd, as Abbot of Lestingham, when 
the latter became Bishop of London. He himself was subse- 
quently ordained to the Bishopric of the Northumbrians, or of 
York, in consequence of Wilfrid having deserted his charge. 
On Wilfrid's return Chad returned to Lestingham, where he re- 
mained until the death of Jaruman, Bishop of the Mercians, 
when he was chosen to succeed that prelate. He was the fifth 
Bishop of the Mercians, and the first who resided at Lichfield, 
which city he made the seat of the Bishops of Mercia. He died 
2nd March 672. Nothing seems to have been added to Beda's 
account of him. 

Beda lived about 50 jears after Ceadda. 



708. De S. Ceadda, Episcopo Lichfeldensi. 

MS. Lansd. 436. ff. 21 b-2Sb. veil, folio, xiv. cent 



Incip, — '' Temporibus Oswii, Northanhumbrorum Regis. 
ExpL — " et memoriae digna reperiet. 



709. De S. Cedde, Episcopo et Oonfessore, Lectiones aex. 

MS. Bodl. 57.(2004.) 



710. In natale S. Ceddse Episcopi. 

MS. Bodl. Junios. 24. (5136). veil. 4to. xi. cent 

Incip, — " Men J>a leofestan ic eop ongin." 

EoepL — " J>am Haligan Gasta in ealire porulda poinild. Amen*'" 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 277 

711. Vita S. Ceddae. A.D.672. 

MS. Cott Jul. A. z. ff. 60-41. veil. 8to. z. cent. 

Incip, — "On pone tefteran daeg montSes biS pses biscopes 
*< geleomes S€e Ceaddan." 

ExpL — *' at Ltcettfelda on dmn mjnstre." 



712. Life of St. Chadde. 

MS. Bodl. Tanner,* 17. f. 28. paper, small folio, xt. cent 

MS. BodL Land. Misc. 463. (1596.) ff. 15-16. yeU. folio, zty. cent 

MS. C. C. C. Cant 145. ycdl. small folio, ziy. cent 

Incip, — *^ Seint Cbadde the goode man, wa8 of Ingelond, 
Bischop he was of Lichefelde, as I undirstond." 

ExpL — *^ God for the love of him to that joje ub all bringe. 
" Amen." 

This piece is attributed to Robert of Gloucester, the author 
of the ^* English Chronicle." These MSS. contain the same 
text in substancci but with a few verbal differences. 



A.D. 676. A.D. 676. 

713. Vita S. Mndgithro. 

BoUandus in the "Acta Sanctorum/' ii. 176 (17 Jan.), has 
collected the chief particulars connected with the life of this 
individual. 

See also Alford's '< Annales/' A.D. 675. § 16. 

Mildgitha was one of the daughters of Merewald, son of 
Penda, and brother of Peada, Wulf here, and Ethelred, kings 
of Mercia.t Mildgitha became a nun at Eastrj near Canter- 
bury, where she died.| 



* There is a fbll-length picture of St C^had in this MS. 

t O>noeming their pedigree, see the notice under Mildretha, A.D. 700. 

X See Dngd. «• Honast." vi. 1620. 






278 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANU8CBIPTS RELATIKG 

A,D. 67«. A.D. 679. 

714. Vita Sanctae Virginia et ReginsB, Etheldredas, auc- 

tore Tboma^ Eliensi Monacho. 

MS. Cott. Domit A. xr. Tell, small 4to. xii. cent. 

MS. Trin. CoU. Cant Gale. 

MS. BodL Land. 647. (1595.) 

MS. Phillippa. 8174. 675. olim Heber. 

Inc^, ProL de HisL £liens. — '^ Cum animadyerterem excel- 
^* lentiam Eljensis Insulse." 

ExpL ProL de Hist EUens, — ^'et sic initium experiar, 
** cooperatorem omnium invocans Deum." 

Incip. ProL in VU, — " Nonnullos apud veteres." 

Incip. Vita. — ^* Angli, secundum veteres historias, tempore 
^' Martiani principis." 

Expl. Vita. — "ut loquendi vires interim per silentium 

" reparentur." 

Printed in the " Acta Sanctorum," iv. 489 (23 June), " ex 

MS. Duaceno, coUato cum editionibus Fariaiensi et Lon- 

diniensi,'* together with the excerpt from Beda (Hist £ccL 

iv. xix.) It is also printed in Mabillon's *' Acta Sanct. Ord. 

« Benedict." ii. 707,* "ex MSS. Codd. RR.PP. Benedicti- 

" norum Anglise ;" and again by the " Anglia Christiana " 

Society, from Mr. Petrie's transcript of the Trinity College MS. 

In the Prologue, the author observes that no regular series 

of events relating to Ely was to be met with, and that even the 

Monks of Ely possessed only the Lives and Miracles of their 

female Saints, collected from histories, chronicles, writings in 

Latin or English, testaments, and the relations of the faithful : 

he has determined, therefore, to make such a collection in threef 

parts : the First to contain the Life of Queen Etheldretha, and 

the fortunes of her monastery until the establishment of monks 

there ; and the Second to come down to the establishment of the 

See of Ely. 

The contents of the First are, a Description of the Isle of Ely, 
commencing, *' Omnes prasclari nobiles," and ending, '' sed apud 

* The Prologue and description of Ely are omitted by Mabillon, bnt are 
to be fonnd in the Preface to the first part of the " Anglia Sacra," p. xli 

fin the register of I>epyng Priory (MS. Harl. 3658. f- 75b.) is a 
eatalogoe of its former Library. Among the books which the monks of 
Depyng possessed was " Liber Tertins HistorisB Eliensis Ecdesiss.** Another 
copy was in the possession of the BoUandists, from which they printed the 
Life and Translations of St. Wihtburga. See " Acta Staotonun," ii 606 
(Mar.) 



TO THE EARLT HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 279 

^^ Ely ex tota insula defunctorum sepeliebantur corpora ;" the A.D. 679* 
Life of Etheldretha ; the arrival of the Angles ; the descent 
of Etheldretha ; her amiable disposition ; her marriage with 
Tonbert; the succession of the Kings of East Anglia to 
Anna ; Etheldretha, on the death of Tonbert, is bestowed on 
Egfirid, Eing of Northumbria ; but, persisting in preserving 
her virginity, as she had done during her former marriage, she 
is divorced, and retires to a monastery ; the king importuning 
her to return to him, she goes to Ely and erects a monastery 
for males and for females, removing the remains of a church 
which had been built by St. Augustine, but afterwards de- 
stroyed by Penda ; Wilfrid appoints her abbess, and resides 
three years at Ely ; during his absence at Rome, she foretells 
her own death ; she is buried ^* non in lapide cselato, aut 
** arcubus anro circumactis,*' but, according to her desire, in 
the cemetery ; her sister Sexburga succeeds, and translates her 
remains ;* a spring rises from the spot where she had been 
interred ; the monastery flourishes until the time of Ethelred 
and his brother Alfred,! when it is destroyed by the Danes ; 
eight of the clerks return after a time and repair a portion of 
the church, which continues to be occupied by canons till the 
time of Edred ; the succession is traced from Alfred to Edgar ; 
various miracles are performed at Ely ; Edgar ascends the 
throne. 

Thomas, a monk of Ely, composed the history of this monas- 
tery, from its first foundation. The First portion of it, contain- 
ing this Life of Etheldretha, ends with the reign of Edgar, 
A.D. 970. The Second is a continuation to the year 1107. 
Several MSS. of the History of Ely are extant. The author 
died after the year 1174, for he mentions Bishop Godfrey, who 
was elected to the See of Ely in that year. 

As a writer, he is very prolix, and had probably little 
authentic information respecting Etheldretha beyond what 

* The coffin was of marble : *' yerumtamen totins regio AngUe illis tem- 
'* poribos ant penitos marmorei expers lapidia adhnc fiiiflfle videbatnr ; sed 
" nostria diebns et habere atque in ea posse abondanter inyeniri, inrignium 
" sdiiicia opemm nndlque demonstrant" 

t "Alfredns, aoer ing^iH, per Baldom [^Cfrmbalihtm] et Johannem 
*' doctliaiinoa monachos, tantnm instractos est, nt in breri libromm omniiim 
" notitiam^haberet, totoniqne Novum et Yetos Testamentnm in ololaginm 
** [etJo^m] Anglicffi gentis trantmntavit'' 

The two words inserted between brackets are the readings in the Ely 
MS. of the " Liber Eliensis." 



280 DESCRIPUVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATINQ 

A.D.679. Beda* afforded him ; but this is greatly amplifiedi He often 
refers to Bedaf and the chronicles, and repeatedly apologises 
for his want of written authorities to support some of his 
statements. The occasional notices of the regal succession 
are either from Beda or from the Saxon Chronicle. 

On a comparison of MS. Trin. Coll. Gale and the " Liber 
** Eliensis" with this Life, it seems to be the first book of the 
" Liber Eliensis." It is abridged in the ** Anglta Sacra," but 
all facts are there retained. 



715. Miracola S. Etheldredae, auctore eodem Thoma 

Elyensi. 

Ineip, Prol, — ^^ Cum os regium." 

Ineip^ Mirac, — ** Multiplex est peccandi necessitas.'' 

ExpL Mireu:. — ** per scriptum vobis revelatum innotuit". 

Printed in the ''Acta Sanctorum," iv. 623, <<ex MS. 
Duacenoj" followed by ''analecta ex oontinuatione Bichardi 
Prioris," and " ex oontinuatione Elyensis anonymL" 



716. GregoriuB, Eliensis Monachus, de Vita et Gestis 
Sancise Etheldredse, Virginis, metrioe. 

MS. CCCCant 393. yelL lai^ 8to. ziL cent 

Rubr. — ''Licipit Prologus in Libellum de Vita et gestis Beats 

** Aethelredie Virginis, quem yersifice composuit Gregorius, 

'' Eliensis Monachus." 
Incip. Prol, — ** Qui Jovis ardores, rapti Ganymedis amores." 
SxpL Prol* — ''Ut rosa pulchra rubens, ut lilia fiorida 

<' candens.** 
Rubr. — '' Explicit Plrologus. Licipit Liber Primus de Vita et 

'' obitu Beatae Aetheldrithae, Virginis, et Anglorum Beginse." 
Incyt. Lib. i. — '^Codlum sideribus, decoratur lumine Phoebus." 
Expl Lib, i, — ** Effectumque rei, sic Elye dicimus Ely." 
Rubr, — ** Explicit Vita Sanct« Eiheldrethse Virginis. Licipit 

* This remark only applies to the Life of Etheldretha. There can be 
little doubt that the aathor was indebted to the wori£ of Bchard, also a 
Monk of Ely, for many of the Acts mentioned in the Second and Thud 
Books of his ** Historia Monasterii Elyensis." 

tBeda was nearly contemponry with Etheldretha, and obtained his 
inlbrmation flx>m Wilfrid, her acquaintance. Thomas of Ely lired nearly 
500 years later. 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 281 

'< Descriptio situs Eliensis insulse, et de quibusdam ejusdem A.D. 679. 
^' insulse proprietatibus/' 

Incip. — ** Jam locus atque loci tanto splendore decori." 

ExpL — '^ Virginibus sacris EI7 sublimls habetur." 

Bubr. — '^ Incipit Epilogus Primi Libri." 

Incip. Epilog, Lib. t. — '* Haec tibi parva satis praeconia vir- 
" ginitatis." 

ExpL Epilog. Lib. t. — '^ Fructum centenum cumulans tibi 
" foenore plenum." 

Rubr. — *^ Incipit Prologus in Librum ii™ de Miraculis 
" ejusdem." , 

Incip. Prol. Lib. tt. — ^* Scribere virtutum, virgo sacra, gesta 
" tuarum." 

Expl. Prol. Lib. ii. — '' Quae praestare potes, sis, precor, aura 
" comes." 

Rubr. — ^' Incipiunt Capitula Libri Secundi." 

Incip. Lib. ii. — *' De statu Anglise, et Elyensis provincise." 

Expl. Lib. ii. — " Yirginis ut meritum testantia nobile 
*« factum." 

Gregory, a monk of Ely, the author of this piece, lived, as 
he himself has informed us, in the reign of Henry the Firsts 
and wrote this poem to celebrate the foundation of the bishopric 
of Ely, A. D. 1109. The earlier portion of his work, based 
upon the narrative of Beda, is valueless, but the latter part is 
curious, as descriptive, among other matters, of the condition 
of the church and neighbourhood : — 

'* Terra feraz colitur, nee ditior hac reperitur. 
Quae Cereris dono respondet culta colono : 
Hie Ceres, hie Bacchus, vitisque reporter lacchus ; 
Luxuriatque seges, dum gaudet pondere palmes ; 
Pendent maturae gravidis in vitibus uvae." 
He afterwards praises the architecture of the fabric, and 
mentions the ^' Aspectu dignae, graciles, pulchresque columnas." 



(( 



717. De S. Etheldreda Virgine. 

MS. Cott Tiber. E. I. ff. 192-193 b. 
MS. Bodl. Tanner. 15. yelL folio, xy. cent 

Incip. — "Beata virgo Etheldreda, OrientaUum Regis 

Anglorum." 

Expl. — *' vel qualiter interierit sciri potuit." 



282 DfiSGBIPTITE CATALOGUE OF KAKUSCBIPTS RELATIKO 

A.D. 679. Yar a description of these MSS. see Nos. 36 and 88. 

Printed in Capgrave's <'Nova Legenda Angliae," f. 141. 
John of Tynemouth, from whom Capgrave derived his narra- 
tive, has merely abridged the ^ Liber Eliensis." 



718. Vita S. iEtheldrythse Virginia. 

MS. Gott Tiber. D. iii. ff 232 b-233b. yelL folio. xiiL cent 

Incip. — ^'Fnit in Britannia insula Virgo quasdam nobilis- 
^' sima, nomine Etheldritha." 

ExpL — ^^ com eo gandere mereamnr in sscula s«culoram 
" Amen." 



719. Vita et Miracula S. Etheldredee, metrice. 

lis. ColL Tiin. Ozon. viL 2 1 12. veUL toudl 4to. zt. cent 

Incip, — '^ Angelias (sic) virginea splendet decorata chorea. 
Que canit absconao Christo nova cantica sponso." 



720. Vita S. Etheldredffi Virginia, 

MS. GrmfB Inn. 3. ft 143 b-U5. vdL folia dble ools. zii. cent 

jRttAr.— " Incipit Vita Sanctae Ej>eldril>» Virginis." 

Incip. — " Accepit autem Rex Ecgfridus." 

This is merely an excerpt from Beda "Hist. Eccl," iv. xix. 



721. Vita SanctsB iEtheldrythae Virginia, Saxonice, ex 

Homeliis ElfricL 

MS. Oott Julius. £. vii ff. 93-94b. yeU. small folio, x. cent 

Ruhr.—'' Vni. Kal. Julii. Natale Sanctae Adeldryd® Vir- 
** ginis.*' 

Jncip.^^** po pJllaC nu a|yritan J>eah tJe hit pundorlic sy be 
" ^aere halgan 8ce ^^eldrytSe pam Engliscan.** 

This is a translation and abridgment of Beda's account of 
Etheldritha, to which is added a brief commendation of the 
virtue of continence. See No. 722. 



TO THE EABLY HISTORY OF GBEAT BRITAIN. 288 

There was formerly another copy of this homily in MS. A.D. 679. 
Cott. Otho B. X., the beginning of which was at f. 193 and 
the ending at f. 136, the leaves having been misplaced by the 
binder, but it was destroyed by the fire of 1731 ; and another 
in MS. Cott Yitell. D. xv'd, f. 230, also destroyed. 



722. De S. JEtheldrytha Virgine. 

MS. Bibl. PubL Cant li. 1. 33. p. 64. xi. or xii. cent 

Incip, — **pe pyllaS nu apriten 

peah t$e hit wundorlic sy." 

A metrical legend, written in the form of prose. It agi*ees 
in the main with a legend translated by ^Ifric, MS. Cott. 
Jul. E. vii. See No. 721. 

Archbishop Parker presented the MS., in which this piece 
occurs, to the Public Library of the University of Cambridge. 



723. Vita S. JStheldrythfie, Saxonice. 

MS. Cott Jul. A. X. fif. 112-1 13 b. veil. Byo. x.cent 

Incip, — " On ^ne ^reo ^ tpenteg)>an." 
ExpL — " seo spa'Su on." 



724. Vita S. iEtheldrythsB, Virginis. 

MS. C.C.C. Cant 196. veil. 8vo. xi-'cent 

Incip. — " DsBre halgan cpene gej?ytennys See JEfeldryf e." 
See Wanley's Catalogue of Saxon MSS. (Hickes' " The- 
saurus," ii. 106). 



726. The Life of St. Etheldreda of Ely, in old English 

verse. 

M8. Cott Fanst B. iii. ff. 260-274 b. veU. small folio, zv. cent 

Ineip, — " Sevene kyndames with inne this lond somme tymo 
there were, 
And sevene kynges with inne hem there regnede 
also." 



284 BESCRfPTITE CATALOGUE OF MAKUSCBIPTS BEIATIKO 

A.IX €7f . EjtpL impetus — ** Bat wbenne he says hjs cancel wooid not 

ocMuente 
To Ikscli tliAt majde a^jne fro hare 
mbbay." 
The poem eooteins about 1,200 lines; it appears to be 
imperfect at the end. 



726. S. Ethyldrede the holy Yirgine. 

Ma BodL 779. A 279b-2ao. paper, folio, xt. cent 

Indp. — *' Etheldrede of £lj gode majde was and hende." 
Expl, — ^ Now Grod for the love of her bring us to heyin 
*' blis. Amen." 



A.D. 637— A.D. 679. 

727. Fragment of a short Chronicle, from A.D. 637 to 

A.D. 679. 

M& Had. 247. ft 14-I5b. paper, folio, xyu. ceat 

Incip. — ^^ Anno Domini 647, Anna the sone of Sigebert." 
Expl {imperf,) — ^^ Sexburga lately before mentioned who 



(( 



This fragment is very short, and of no value. 



A.D, 679. 

728. De S. Heuua, qui A-D. 679 floruit ; " ex Chronicis 
'' Eliensibus '* collectanea per Johamiem de Tynemoath. 

MS. Bodley, 240. p. 590. 

St. Heyua, or Heiu, was bom of the blood royal of the Kings 
of Northumberland. She founded a monastery on the banks 
of the Wear, and is said to have been the first woman in thai 
kingdom who took the habit of a nun ; having been veiled sad 
consecrated by Aidan, Bishop of Lindisfarne. She afterwards 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 285 

resigned her Abbey to Hilda, lier kinswomaii, and established A,D. 679. 
herself at Tadcaster, where she died. Her death is placed 
by some authorities in the year 657. Cf. Beda " Hist. Eccl." 
lib. ir. c. 23, and Wion Lignum Vitae, in Append, ad lib. iii. 



A.D. 680. A.D. 680. 

729. Vita S. Hildse, Virginia et Abbatissae, ad an. 680. 

MS. Cott Tiber. E. I f . 286 b. 
MS. BodL Tanner. 15. yelL folio, zr. cent 

Incip '' Religiosa Christi famula Hilda, Abbatissa monas- 

** terii quod dicitur Streneshalch." 

ExpL — '^elevatam conspexit. Obiit autem quinto decimo 
'* Kalendas Decembris.** 

For a description of these MSS. see Nos. 35 and 38. 

Printed in Capgrave's " Nova Legenda," f. 179, abridged 
from Beda (H. E. iv. 23), with a few trifling alterations. 

Hilda was great grand-daughter of Ella, king of Deira, and 
at the age of fourteen, was baptized by Paulinus. She 
passed a short time at Chelles, in France, under the direction 
of her sister Hereswitha, Abbess of that monastery ; on the 
death of whom she returned to Northumbria by the persuasion 
of Bishop Aidan, who settled her in a small nunnery founded 
by Heiu upon the banks of the Wear. She removed thence 
to Heortea (Hartlepool), of which monastery she became 
abbess. She afterwards founded the double monastery of 
Streaneshalch (Whitby) for men and women, where she died 
17 Nov. A.D. 680. 



730. De S. Hilda, Abbati«sa. 

MS. lAoad. 436. ff. 105 b>107 b. veil folio, xiv. cent. 

Ineip, — *^ Regali ex progenie beata Hilda, Abbatissa." 
Expl. — " ipse Deus in Sancta sua gloriosus, qui sit bene- 
*^ dictus in sscula." 



286 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OP MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.I).68o. A.D. 680. 

731. Vita S. Balthildis, Beginse Francorum, postea Sanc- 
timonialis Elalensis ; auctore anonjmo, ejus squall. 

Incip. ProL — ^' Mihi quidem, ut imperatum est." 
Incip, Vita, — " Benedictus Dominus, qui vult" 
EacpL Vita. — " mitis velut ovis effectus est, opitulante 
Domini nostri Jesu Christi gratia^ regnante plenitudine diviDi- 
tatis per sseculorum ssecula, Amen." 

Indp, Appendix,* — ^^ Recolimus quidem in." 

Expl, Appendix, — " quee prseparavit his, qui dilignnt eum." 

It is printed by Mabillon, " ActaBened," ii. 745, " ex MSS. 

'^ Codd. RR. PP. Fuliensium, Paris, et Joanne BoUando." 

It had previously been edited by the Bollandists, ii. 739, 

" ex MS. S. Manse de Ripatorio." 

Balthildis (the wife of Clovis II. and mother of Clothaire III.) 
was originally a Saxon slave. About A.D. 660, after the death 
of her husband, she retired into the nunnery of Chelles, which 
she had founded, and there she died, towards the end of 
January A.D. 680. 

The writer appears to have been a monk of Chelles, where 
St. Balthildis died, and to have composed this Life shortly 
after her death; his style is sober, candid, and faithful, and he 
does not indulge to any great extent in marvellous recitals, 
so much the practice' of his age. 



732. Vita S. Balthildis, auctore anonymo sed antique, 

ex MS. Corsendoncano. 

Indp, — " Religiosa vita viduarum, quanto." 

ExpL — " praeparavit iis qui diligunt eum. Amen." 

Printed in the " Acta Sanctorum," ii. 742 (Jan.), and by 

Surius "VitsB Sanctorum," (Jan.) 441, "ex MS. Rubese 

« Vallis." 

This Life is nearly the same as the preceding one ; a few 

variations in style, and a slightly different arrangement of the 

incidents, being the chief alterations. It appears to have been 



* This Appendix (containing the Translation) occors also in the Bollandist 
Edition, p. 746. 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OP GREAT BRITAIN. 287 

written by a monk of Corbie, which monastery was founded by A.D. 680« 
Queen Balthildis. 



733. Historia Translationis S. Balthildis, Reginse, dein 
monachse Kalensis ; ab auctore anonymo fere sequali 
scripta^ ex duobus codicibus MSS. Corbeiensibus et 
Bollando. 

Ineip, Prolog. — " Cum morem inolevisse cemimus." 
Inc^, TransL — '^ Anno yigesimo, imperante cum magna/' 
jEo^/. — ^' coelis, quem tota devotione dilezit in terris.'' 
The edition of the Bollandists' " Acta Sanctorum," ii. 747 
(Jan.) ('' e MSS. eruta a Joanne Gamansio, Soc. Jesu "), 
is inferior to that of MabiUon, "Acta Ord. Bened." This 
Translation occurred 17th March A. D. 833. 



734. Vita S. Balthildis Regin®. 

MS. BibL da Boi. 5318. 51. olim Bigot veil. xiii. cent. 

MS. Bibl. da Rot. 5319. 66. olim Col})ert. yell. xiy. cent 

MS. Bibl. du Boi. 5341.62. olim Colbert, yell. xiii. cent 

MS. Begin. ChristinsB. Vatican. 1295. (Montfaacon's Bibliotheca, i. 42.) 

MS. Begin. Christins. Vatican. 507. 

MS. Begin. Chrisiins. Vatican. 551. 

MS. Petay. in Vatican. 507. 551. (Montfaacon's Bibliotheca, i. 75.) 

MS. San-Germanensis. 463. (Montfaacon's Bibiiotheca, li. 1130.) 

MS. San-Germanensis. 632. (Montfaocon*8 Bibiiotheca, 1135.) 

MS. San-Germanensis. 796. (Montfaacon's Bibiiotheca, ii. 1138.) 

MS. Bibl. Gemeticensts. G. 7. (Montfaacon's Bibiiotheca, ii. 1213.) 

MS. Monast S. Petri Corbeiensis. (Montfaacon's Bibiiotheca, ii. 140 

MS. Bibl. de I'Ecole de Medecine, Montpellier, 22. 



A.D. 680. 
735. Vita S. Csedmon. 

Incip. — " In monasterio Sanctaj Hildas Abbatissae fuit 
" frater quidam." 

ExpL — " ex his, quae narravimus, vidctur." 
Printed in the ** Acta Sanctorum," ii. 552 (11 Feb.). 



288 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 680. This Life of Csedmon is apparently wholly taken from Beda. 
He was a native of Northumbrian and followed the occupation 
of a cowherd in the neighbourhood of Streaneshalch (Whitby). 
Beda relates, that, upon one occasion, when he was invited to 
sing and accompany himself upon the harp after supper (it 
being customary for each person to sing in turn), Caedmon 
retired from the company in order to conceal his ignorance. 
However, he suddenly found himself endowed with the power 
of composing verses with marvellous rapidity. He was, 
thereupon, carried to the Abbess Hilda, and, in her presence, 
exhibited his poetic ability. Beda, however, has converted 
what would seem to be a comparatively simple occurrence into a 
miracle, stating that it was in sleep that he acquired these 
wonderful powers, which never deserted him. 

A long Saxon poem, supposed to be the work of this Csedraon, 
exists in an unique copy, formerly the property of Junius, and 
now deposited in the Bodleian Library. It has been printed 
on several occasions ; first, by Junius himself (4to. Amst. 
I606) ; in 1832, by Thorpe ; in 1849, by Bouterwek ; and in 
1854, by Graun. A- 






A.D. 680. 

736. De S. Ultano, Abbate Perronensi. 

Mabillon (Acta Sanct. Oi*d. Bened. ii. 732) has collected 
the leading incidents in the life of this individual, from 
various sources ; as also have the editors of the '^ Acta 
" Sanctorum," i. 118 (1 May). 

Ultan was the brother of Fursey, and, like him, a native of 
Ireland. Upon the death of Fursey he crossed over into France 
and became Abbot of Peronne, where he died about A.D. 680. 



AD. 683. A.D. 683. 

737. Vita S. Ebb» Virginia, auctore Reginaldo 

Dunelmensi. 

MS. Bodl. Fairfax, 6 (3886). ff. 164-173. veil, folio, dble. cols. xiv. cent 

Bubr, — " Incipit sermo de Vita et Miraculis Sanctae Ebbe 
" Virginis." 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 289 

Ineip, — " Ad vos clamat." A.D. 688. 

ExpL — " ille devotus implevit." 

Colophon. — " Explicit sermo de Vita et Miraculis Sanctae 
*^ Ebbffi, Virginis, ex compilatione Reginaldi Dunelmensis 
" Monaobi.'* 

Abridged in Capgrave's " Nova Legenda AiigliaR,** and 
printed, from his text, in the " Acta Sanctorum," v. 194 
(25 Aug.). It 18 an amplification of Beda's naiTative, with 
some particulars of a local character, which occurred after 
Ebba's death. 

Ebba, the sister of Oswald and Oswin, Kings of Bernicia,* 
founded a nunnery upon the Derwent in the county of Durham, 
which, after her, was called Ebchester ;f she also founded 
another house at Coldingham, over which she herself presided. 

Little or nothing is known of the personal history of Regi- 
nald of Durham, sometimes called Reginald of Coldingham. 
He wrote a book on the Miracles of St Cuthbert, and 
dedicated it to Ailred of Rievaulx, who died in 1166;} and 
also the Life of St. Godric of Finchale, which he addressed 
to Hugh Pudsey, Bishop of Durham, who held that See from 
1163 — 1194. He likewise composed the Life and Miracles 
of St. Oswald, as well as that now under notice, and dedicated 
them to Henry, Subprior of Durham. The date of this author's 
death is not known. 



n 



738, De S. Ebba, Virgine et Abbatissa. 

MS. Cott Tiber, E. 1. ff. 227b-229b. 
MS. BodL Tanner 15. veil, folio, xv. cent. 
MS. Bodl. 240. p. 619. 

Incip, — " Sancta Vii'go Ebba ex regali progenie orta." 
ExpU — ^' et a Monachis Dunelmensis Ecclesise inhabitatur. 
Written by John of Tinmouth, and printed in Capgrave's 

" Nova Legenda Angliae." For a description of these MSS. 

see Nos. 35 and S8. 



* See Beda, Vita S. Cuthberti, cap. x. 

t Tanner, Notit. Monast. Durham, No. vi. 

X In this work events which happened in the year 1 173, are mentioned • 
but these must have been added to the ori^nal work, as Ailred died 
Bomeyean before. 

VOL. I. T 



290 DESCBIPnVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCKIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 688. 739. De S. Ebba, Virgine et Abbatissa. 

MS. Laiud. 436. if. 109-1 11 b. yeU. fdio. zIt. cent. 

Inc^, — " Virgo gloriosa venerabilis Ebba." 
Expl. — " districtius examinans tollat." 



AD. 684. A.D. 684. 

740. De S. Audoeno. 

MS. Cott. Tiber. E, 1. if. 225 b-227 b. 
MS. Bodl. Taxmer. 15. TelL folia xt. cent. 

Incip, — '' Yitam Sancti Audoeni Episcopi, cujus ossa apod 
" Cantuariam.*' 

ExpL — "nee ulterius hujusmodi est furore fatigatus." 

For a description of these MSS. see Nos. 35 and 38. 

The text is the same as that printed in Capgrave's "Noya 
" Legenda Angliae/' being an abridgment of Fridegod's Life 
of St. Ouen and of Eadmer's tract on the Belies of St. Ouen. 
See No. 741. 



741. DeBeliquiis Sancti Audoeni et quorundam aliorum 
Sanctorum, quae Cantuarisa, in Ecclesia Domini Sal- 
vatorisy liabentur. 

MS. C. C. C. Cant 371, p. 441. veil, small 4to. zii cent. 

Incip, — " Quoniam multas terrarum partes fama respersit." 
ExpL, — "ubi ad rota preeum ejus dictum est a cireum* 
" stantibus. Amen. Amen. Amen." 

This is Eadmer's tract, quoted by Grervase in his description 
of the old cathedral at Canterbury. When speaking of discover- 
ing the relics of St. Ouen, the author says, " Cum itaque post 
" decessum Lanfranei quadam die in claustro ex more sederem, 
" oecupatus libro, quem scribendo inter manus habebam, venit 
^ ad me nominatissimus ille cantor, Osbemus nomine." Osbem 
informed him that in Lanfranc's time he had examined the 
relies belonging to the church, except those in one shrin^ and 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 291 

this they therefore proceeded to open, and found that it con- A.D. 684. 
tained relics of Pope Gregory and of St. Ouen. 

Abridged in Capgrave's "Nova Legenda," f. 21, and pre- 
ceded by a brief account of St. Ouen, which is abridged from 
the Life of that Saint by Fridegode. 

The Life of St Ouen is found in several MSS. both in 
English and foreign libraries ; but, as he was not connected 
with England in any other way than as regards the Translation 
of his i*elic8, it is not within the purpose of the present work 
to notice it. 

A notice of Eadmer will be given in the Sequel. 



A,D. 685. A-D. 685-. 

742. Yita S. Condedi, Monaehi Fontanellensis et 
AnchoretsB, ad an. circiter 685. 

Ineip, — ** Translate igitur ad coelestia regna Sancto Patre 
" Wandregisilo." 

Earpl, — (with his Epitaph in verse) ; 

" Fontanellensi tumulans in cespite pulchro 
Nunc ubi poscentes muneribus cumulat." 

Printed in Mabillon's "Acta Sanct. Ord. Bened.,"ii. 826, 
" ex MS. Fontanellensi." 

Condedus (or St. Conde) was born in Britain, which he left, 
and proceeded into France in search of a stricter discipline 
than that which prevailed in his own country. He died about 
A.D. 685. Mabillon considers this biography as of some 
value, and thinks that it may possibly have been written by 
Jonas, a monk of Fontanelle. 



A.D. 685. 

743. Yita S. Madelgisili, Confessoris et Heremiise, ad 
an. 685 ; auctore Hariulfo, monacho Centulensi 

Incip, Prafat. — " Domino dilectissimo, Palrique spiritual!, 
" amore complectendo, Gervino." 

Incip. Vita, — " Francorum regnum tenente Lodoveo." 

T 2 



292 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 685. ExpL Vita, — " segritudinem continuo deposuit, adjuvante 
" merito Sanctis per gratiam Domini nostri Jesn Christi, cui 
'< est honor et gloria in specula. Amen." 

^'Epigramma Lecti ejus.*' 
<< Ossa Madelgisili tenet haec lectica beati, 
Quern Confessorem sibi Christiis rite beavit, 
Anschenisque novam sibi capsam jure paravit.** 
Printed in Mabillon's "ActaSanct. Ord. Benedict ," vi. 548, 
and from his text in the " Acta Sanctorum," vii. 265 (30 May). 
Madelgisil accompanied Fursej into Gaul from Ireland, and 
became Abbot of Monstrelet, where he died about the year 
685. Appended to the Life, as given by Mabillon, is an 
account of the Translation of his remains, A. D. 1 1 13. Hariulf 
dedicates his work to Gervin, Bishop of Amiens; consequently 
it must have been written between A. D. 1091 and 1104.* 



^•^- «««• A.D. 685. 

744. Vita S. Eatie, Hagustaldensis Episcopi, secundum 

Bedam descripta. 

MS. Bodl. Fairfkx 6. (3886.) ff. 162-163. veil, folio, dble. cols. xiv. cent. 
MS. Dec. et Cap. Eboracensis Eecl. 16. 1. 5. 2. 

Incip, — " Anno ab Incarnatione Domini nostri Jcsu Christi 
" dcxxxiij., interfecto in pugna Eadwyno." 

ExpL — "cum clericis suis Eboracum reversus est." 

It is printed (from the York MS.) in the "Miscellanea 
" Biographica,** p. 121, published by the Surtees Society in 
1834. It neither occurs in the "Acta Sanctorum" nor in 
Mabillon. 

Eanfrid,son of Ethelfrid, succeeded Edwin in the kingdom of 
Bemicia, but having renounced the Christian Faith, in which 
he had been instructed among the Scots, he was shortly after- 
wards put to death by Ccadwalla, King of the Britons, and 
Oswald succeeded to the whole of Northumbria. Being 
desirous of establishing Christianity, Oswald founded a 
bishopric for Aidan. Eata was brought up under him, and 
excelled in every religious quality. Ho was afterwards 
made Abbot of Hexham, and. on the expulsion of Wilfrid, 



• u 



Gall. Christ." X. 1167. 



to THE EARLY DISTORT OF GREAT BRITAIN. 29S 

was removed to Lindisfarne, but he again returned to Hexham, A.D. 685. 
where he died and was buried near the presbytery, and a 
chapel was built over his tomb. His remains were afterwards 
translated into the church and placed in a shrine by Alfred 
Westou, at the same time, it is supposed, that he translated 
the remains of Acca and Alcmund, in the year 1113. 
Thomas II. Archbishop of York, being desirous of ennobling 
his church by the relics of distinguished Saints, purposed 
removing those of Eata from Hexham, but, in consequence 
of a vision, he desisted. 

The incidents recorded in this Life are neither numerou?$ 
nor important. It is repeated by Capgrave, with a few un- 
important alterations and no additions. It is probably the 
production of Ailred of Rievaulx, assuming him to be the 
author of the treatise ** De Sanctis Ecclesios Hagustaldeusis." 



745. De S. Eata, Episcopo et Confessore. 

MS. Cott Tiber. E. 1. fif. 315-316 b. 
MS. Bodl. Tanner, 1 5. veil, folio, xy. cent 

Incip. — ''Anno ab incarnatione Domini sexceutesimo tri^ 
•* cesimo tertio." 

ExpL — '' et infecto uegotio ad snam ecclcsium rediit." 
The same text as that printed in Capgrave's '' Nova Legeuda 
AnglifiB," f. 98 b. 



<( 



A.D. 685. 
746. Vita S. Erkenwaldi, Londoniensis Episcopi. 

MS. Cott Claud. A. v. ff. 135-138. veil, small folio, xii. cent 
MS. C. C. C. Cant 161. 5. veil, small folio, xii. cent 

/nctj9.~«'*Post Passionem et Resurrectionem Dominicam.'' 

ExpL — ^^ recto corde petentlbus cxhibetur ; prsestante 
" Domino nostro Jesu Christo, qui cum Patre et Spiritu 
** Sancto vivit et regnat Deus per omnia saecula sseculorum. 
« Amen.** 

Printed in Dugdale's "History of St Paul's," p. 289. Edit. 
Ellis, London, 1818. 

Erkenwald, a disciple of Mellitus, Bishop of London, founds 
a monastery at Chertsey, and another for his sister at Barking. 



294 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 685. On being made Bishop of Loudon, he is obliged to travel 
in a two- wheeled car, from debility in his feet ; one wheel of 
which falling off, the cai' proceeds on the other. Ho dies at 
Barking. The content between the Canons of St. Paul's, the 
Monks of Chertsej, and Nuns of Barking, for his bodj, is 
decided in favour of the Londoners, by the river Yla miracu- 
lously affording them a passage dry shod, and the body is con- 
veyed to London. The early part of this narrative, as far as the 
mention of the miracle of the wheel, is almost wholly from Beda* 
(who lived about twenty years after the death of Erkenwald), 
but amplified ; the remainder seems to be pure invention. It 
has been ascribed to Goscelin, who lived about 400 years after- 
wards ; but it was more probably written by the nephew of 
Bishop Gilbert. Capgrave has made a few additions. 



747. Miracula S. Erkenwaldi, Episcopi LondoniensLS. 

MS. C. C. 0. Cant 161. yell, small folio, xii. cent 

Ruhr. — ** Licipit procemium Miraculorum Sancti Erkenwaldi 
« Episcopi." 
Incip. Procemium, — '' Eloquentise virtus.*' 
Incip. Mirac, — << Fuit itaque in doctoris gentium familia." 
ExpL Mirac. — ^' ad libertatem glorias coelestis perducat Jesus 
'* Christus, Dominus nosier, qui vivit et regnat Deus per 
** infinita ssecula. Amen." 

Colophon, — '< Expliciunt Miracula Sancti Erkenwaldi." 
The Miracles and account of the Translation of Erkenwald's 
relics (which do not occur in MS. Cott. Claud. A. v.) appear 
to have been composed by a Canon of St. Paul's, nephew 
of Gilbert, Bishop of London,f soon after 1140, and contain 
many interesting particulars relative to the destruction and 

♦ "Hist. Eccles," iv. 6. § 273. Edit. Stevenson. 

t A collection of the Miracles of Bishop Erkenwald was in the posBession 
of Wharton (Hist £p. Lond. pp. IS, 51} ; a transcript, possibly, of the Cor> 
pus Christi College MS. It was written by the nephew of Qilbert Uni- 
versalis, Bishop of London, who was probably, like his uncle, a natire of 
Auxerre. He was a Canon of St Paul's, and was present at the Translation 
of tke body of the Saint (16 Feb. 1140). This history of the Miracles 
appears to hare been the source of Capgrave's narratiye. The Life 
probably is the production of the same author, though Wharton ascribes 
the Life only to him, not the Miracles. 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OP GREAT BRITAIN. 293 

rebuilding of that cathedral. This piece was probably written ' A.D. 665 
on the occasion of the Translation, the author having been 
present at the ceremony (circa A.D. 1140). It is abridged in 
Capgraye, who has added some miracles : in his work there 
occurs an expression which seems to show that the narrative 
was reduced into its present form in the time of Heniy 11. 



748. De S. ErkenwaJdo, Epificopo. 

MS. Cott. Tiber. £. l.£f. 116 b-122. 
MS. BodL Tanner, 15. veil, folio, dble. cols. xt. cent. 

Incip. — " Temporibus antiquis, quando regum Angli«." 
ExpL — ^'^Posteaque paulatim plene curatur, ad laudem 

" Domini nostri Jesu Christi, cui est honor et gloria in sacula 

" sjBculorum. Amen." 
Printed in Capgrave*s ** Nova Legenda Angliffi,** and from 

his text in the ^' Acta Sanctorum/' iii. 780 (30 April). See 

No. 747 above. 



749. De S. Erkenwaldo, Episcopo. 

MS. Lanfldowne, 436. ff. 36 b-dS b. veil, folio, dble. cols. xiv. cent 

Incip. — ** Beatus Augustinus, Anglorum Apostolus, qui pri- 
" mus vitas tramitem docendo." 

ExpL — '^Petentibus exhibetur ; praestante Domino nostro 
** Jesu Christo, qui cum Patre et Sancto Spiritu vivit et 
<< regnat Deus per omnia saecula saeculorum. Amen." 



A.D. 686. A.D. 686« 

750. Vita S« Bos9), Episcopi Eboracensis. 

The BoUandists have collected and illustrated the few 
particulars which have descended to us respecting Bosa, in 
their ** Acta Sanctorum/' ii. 10 (9 March). All their authentie 
information however may be referred back to Beda.* 



* See also Stubbea* " Acta Pontiff. Ebor." ap. Decern Scriptores, col. 1 692. 



296 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 686. Bosa was a monk of Streaneshalcb, or VHiitby, and, at the 
instance of King Egfrid, was ordained Bishop by Archbishop 
Theodore, and placed in the See of York daring Wilfrid^s 
banishment ; after he had held it nine years Wilfrid was 
recalled, and Bosa returned to his mounstery. Five years 
afterwards, he again returned to York, Wilfrid being a second 
time expelled, and there he died^ and was buried, in the year 686. 



A.D. 686. 

751. Vita S. Colmanni, Episcopi Lindis&rnensis. 

Incip. — '' Auglorum gentc diu sub gentilitatis." 
ExpL — *' xii. Kal. Mai'tii requierit in pace beata." 
The BoUaudists, "Acta Sanctorum," iii. 88 (18 Feb.), print 
the Life of St. Colmau from the Breviary of Aberdeen. 

Colman, the third Bishop of Lindisfaine, was, like his pre- 
decessors, a monk of lona, and came to that See in A.D. 661. 
Disappointed at the result of the Synod of Whitby, he returned 
home. The date of his death is uncertain. We are indebted 
solely to Beda for the trustworthy information respecting this 
Bishop. 



AD. 687. A.D. 687. 

762. Vita S. Hereberti, Presbyteri et Anachoretfle. 

A short Commentary (embracing, however, all the facts with 
which we are acquainted) respecting this personage may be 
seen in the "Acta Sanctorum,'* iii. 142 (20 Mal'ch). 

St. Herebert was a priest and disciple of St. Cuthbert of 
Lindisfame, and led a solitary life in an island in the lake 
from which the river Derwent takes its rise. He is said to have 
died at the same moment as St. Cuthbert. March 20 .AD. 687.* 

* See *' Vita S. Cnthberti" aact. Beda (0pp. Minora, p. 104), and " Hist. 
<* Eccl." iv. 99, Edit Stevenson. An Instrument in the Register of Thomas 
de Apolbj, Bishop of Carlisle (p. 261), requires the vicar of Crossthwaite 
to say yearly a mass on the thirteenth of April, upon St Herbert's Isle, in 
commemoration of the two Saints, and grants an indulgence of forty days 
to such as shall religiously attend that service. See Camden*s Brit p. 1006, 
£d. Gibson. 



TO THB EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 297 

A.D. 687. A.D. 687. 

753. Vita S. Cuthberti, auctore monaclio Lindisfarnensi.* 

MS. Bibl. S. Vedasti ap. Atrebat. 812. x. cent 

Incip, ProL — "Praeceptis tais utinani; Sanctc Epi scope 
«« Eadfride." 

ExpL ProL — '* od ea quas gesta sunt, accedamus." 

Incip, VUa, — ^'Primum quidem ponimus, quod in prima 
" aetate." 

Expl. Vita. — <'per duas vices de infirmitate sanatus sit." 

Printed in the "Acta Sanctorum," iii. 117 (20 Mar.), 
** ex variis MSS. codicibu8,"t and in the " Opera Historica » 
« Minora" of Beda, p. 259. Edit. Stevenson, 1841. 

In the " Acta Sanctorum " many of the proper names are 
given in a very corrupt form. Many of these have been cor- 
rected by conjecture in Mr. Stevenson's edition. 

Some notion will be obtained of the correctness of the text 
of the Bollandists, by the collation, which will be found in 
Appendix I. 

This Life was written by the desire of Bishop Eadfrid and 
the monks of Lindisfarne, between A.D. 698, when Eadfrid 
became bishop^ and 705, the year of Aldfrid's death, who is 
spoken of as the reigning sovereign.} It seems doubtful 
whether the author resided at Lindisfarne or at Mailros ; but 



^ The materials for the history of St. Cuthbert, and the incidents con- 
nected therewith^ are so voluminoos, that some attempt at classification of 
them becomes necessary. They may be reduced under the following 
heads: — 

I. The Anonymous Li&, No. 753. 

It. The Metrical Life, by Beda, No. 754. 

m. The Prose Life by Beda, No. 755. 

IV. The History of the Translation of his body, No. 756. 

V. The "libeUus " of Reginald, No, 758. 
VX Miscellanies, Ko. 763. 

t The Bollandists discoyered two very ancient manuscript copies of 
this Life, one belonging to the Monastery of St Bertin in the totm of 
8t Omer, the other in the Monastery of St Maximin, near Treves. This 
last-mentioned MS. does not contain §§ 1 and 2 of the Prologue, and com- 
mences : ^ Igitur Yitam Sancti Cuthberti scribere exordiar ;*' prefixed to 
which is the Title, ^ De pnefSitione Scribendi.'' 

% " De AUHdo qui nunc regnat pacifice." § 28, p. 274. Edit Stevenson. 



298 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MA>*USCRIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 6S7, he appears to Lave been connected with both; probably because 
the union of the two monasteries (which originated in the 
election of Eata,* Abbot of Maibos, to be Bishop of Lindis- 
farne) still continued.f It nowhere appears that he was 
personally acquainted with Cuthbert, all that he relates haying 
been derived from the testimony of others.} Nor does he 
appear to have been present at the Translation of the Saint's 
remains ;§ and some interval seems to have elapsed between 
that occurrence and the composition of the present narrative.| 
Nearly the whole of this narrative in substance (and some- 
times in expression) is incorporated by Beda in his Life of 
Cuthbert ; and it is perhaps this work to which he alludes, 
when he says that his materials have been derived from writ* 
ten information, obtained from the monks of Lindisfame.T 

There is a remarkable similarity, both in thought and 
diction, between the Plrologue of this work and the Life of 
Wilfrid, by Heddius. It is not probable that he was the 
author ; but it is indisputable that he was acquainted with 
the present biography. 



* Beda '<Hwt EccL*' ill S6, % 237. Edit Stevenson. 

f Thus, he says **noetrttm monasteriam," when speaking of Maihw 
(f ^^)i ^>^n, he refers to the period ''quo fait nobiscmn in monasterio 
" quod dicitur Mailros '* (§ 13). Lindisfiirae is ** nostra ecclesia " (§ 30), 
and ** insula nostra** (§§ 23, 44), without it being, apparently, meant by 
these expressions that the author was resident there ; unless^ indeed, the 
terms employed at §§ 44 45^ 46, be accepted as such. 

t §§13,17,20,34,35,36,39. 

§ He always speaks of this event as taking place under the supervisioa 
of others, § 43. 

tl The boots which were found in the tomb ''in basilica nostra inter 
" reliquias, pro testimoniis usque hodie habentur.** § 43. Several miracles 
are there recorded, and one is said to have occurred during the year in 
which this account was written. 

^ '' £a quae de sanctissuno patre et andstite Cudberto, vel in hoc 
« yolumine, vel in Libello Gestorum ejus, conscripsi, partim ex eis quae de 
** illo prius a fratribus ecclesis Lindisfamensis scripta reperi.** 



TO THE EARLY HISTOUY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 299 



754. Vita Sancti Cuthberti Metrica, Auctore Yen. Beda. A.7). 687. 

♦MS. IlarL 626. ff. 1-27. Tell, small 4to ix. cent. 

tMS. Harl. U 1 7 . ff. 4.5-62 b. yell. 4to. x. cent. 

MS. Haii. 4843. ff. 7- 13 b. paper, folio, xvi. cent. 

t MS. Bodl. 596 (2376). ff. 201-202 b. veil, imall folio, xii. cent. 

MS. Bodl. 109 (1962). ff. 1-27. rell. 8vo. xi. cent. 

MS. Bodl. Digbj. 1 75. ff. 25-39 b. yell, small folio, xi. cent. 

MS. Bodl. Laud. 55.§ 

II MS. Cott. Vitell. A. xix. ff. 88 b-114. veil, small 4to. x. cent. 

MS. Bodl. Fairfax. 6. (3886) ff. 8-12 b. tcU. folio dble. cols. xir. cent. 

MS. Kegin. Christin. Vatican. 1531. 

MS. St Gall. 263. Tell. x. cent 

MS. Trin. Coll. Cant. Gale O. iii. 55. f. 3. yell. Sto. xii. or xiii. cent. 

^ MS. BibL da Roi. 2825. 3. olim Colbert, yell. 

Inctp. ProL — " Domino in Domino Dominorum dilectissimo, 
'' Johanni Presbjtero, Beda, famulus Christi, salutem. Did' 
" non potest." 

Incip. Proamium, — ** Malta suis Dominus fulgescere lumina 
" saeclis." 

Incip, Vita, — " Alma Deo cari primo coelestis ab asYo." 



* Many of the words in this MS. are accompanied by a Gloss. This 
copy was used by Smith in his edition, baying been lent to him by Garter 
Anstis, by whom it was afterwards giyen to Harley, Earl of Oxford, 
t The following lines occur at the end of this MS. : — 

** Josserat ecclesife Uuigbeorhtos scribere nabla hoc 
Abbas hiqus ; cnnctoe rogitat qai hie psallere captant, 
Utque sni memores cantos cnmulamine constent, 
Qno Dens Omnipotens sibi eximiua cuncta relaxet*' 
X This is a fragment consisting only of two leayes, and commencing with 
the twelfth line of cap. iii. 

" Noxia, qni dixit, linqoamus gandia, fratres/^ 
and ending with the first line of cap. ix. 

" Pietonim interea puppi defertnr ad oras.*' 
The MS. formerly belonged to the library of St Augustine's, Canterbury* 
§ This MS. is mentioned by Steyenson, p. yi., in his edition of Beda^s 
'< Opera Historica," printed for the English Uistorical Society, 1841. 

H Elegantly written in Anglo-Saxon characters) and with Uie same con- 
cluding lines as MS. HarL 1117. 

^ This is probably the metrical Life by Beda, imperfect at the beginning 
and end ; there are a few glosses between the lines. Ths MS. in which 
this piece occurs was written at yarions times during the tenth and thir- 
teenth centuries. 



300 DESCBIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS BELATIMG 
A.D. 687. ExpL Vita. — '' Vita maneus casiis, lumenque, salusquo per 

Printed in Smith's edition of Beda's Works in 1722 ; in 
. Stevenson's edition of Beda for the English Historical Society, 
pp. 1-43; in Canisius " Antiq. Lect." ii. 1. Edit Basnage, 1725 ; 
and in Mabillon's ^* Acta Sauct. Ord. Benedict./' ii. 878. 

This metrical Life of St. Cuthbert is addressed to John the 
Presbyter, who was setting out on a pilgrimage to Rome, in 
the hope that he might derive profit and consolation from the 
example of the Saint. The author states that he has not 
inserted all Cuthbert's miracles, because he proposes to give 
tlicm more at large, in prose, on some future occasion. 

Nearly the whole of the incidents mentioned in this poem 
' are to be found, considerably enlarged, in Beda's prose com- 
position. The portions not there are given in that author's 
'* Historia Ecclesiastica^" lib. ill. c. 15. The arrangement of 
some of the chapters varies in the prose and metrical versions. 

The piece must have been written before the year 705, 
when Aldfred King of Northumbria died, and the year 716, 
when Osred his sou died ; both of whom are mentioned as 
being alive when the poem was written. 



755. Bedae Vita BeatiCuihberti, Episcopi Lindisfismiensis. 

MS. C.C.C. Cant 183. veil. 4to. 

MS. Cott Claud. A. L ff. 123 b-153. veU. 4to. zi cent 

t MS. Cott. Vitell. A. xix. ff. 1-84. veil, small 4ta x. cent 

X MS. Bodl. 596. (2376). ff. 175 b-206 b. veil, small folia xil cent 

MS. BodL Laud. 491 (1093). ff. 1-66. veU. 4to. xiL cent 

§MS. BodLDigby. 175. ft 1-23. velL small folio. zi.cent 



* The endiDg differs in most of the MSS., owing to the arrangement €iX 
the chapters, and they do not all contain the metrical prayer, commencing 

*< Hsec tibi, cunctorum largitor, Christe, bon<Mrum," 
and ending 

** Vita manens casds, lumenque, salusque per nvum.*' 

t This MS. is elegantly and correctly written* 

X This MS. ends abruptly in the middle of the last Chapter, p. 103, 1. 19. 
Kd. Stevenson, '* qui tabnlis minus diligenter.*' 

§ This MS* is imperfect, and begins towards the end of Cap. 8. *' .... 
** [cir]cumferentes me undique fluctos ocean!*' (p. 66, 1. 22. £d* 
Stevenson). 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 301 

♦ MS. Bodl. Digbj. 20. ff. 190-223 b. ▼ell. 8vo. xii. cent A.D. 687. 

MS. Bodl. Digby. 59. ff. 1-86 b. veil. 8vo. xii. cent. 
MS. Bodl. Fell. 1. ff. 57-76 b. yeU. folio, xii. cent 
MS. Bodl. Fairfiuc. 6. (3886). ff. 13b-29b. yell, folio dble. cols. 

x\y, cent 

% MS. Coll. Uniyers. Oxon. 165. ff. 1-170. veil, small 4to. xii. cent. 

§ MS. Harl. 1924. ff. 1^8. yell, small 4to. xii. cent 

MS. Harl. 1 1 17. ff. 2-40 b. yell. 4to. x. cent 

g MS. Trin. Coll., Cant Gale. O. 1. 64. 

MS. Trin. Coll. Cant Gale. O. 3. 55. f. 4. yell, large 8vo. 

xii. or xiiu cent 

^ MS. Colt Otho. D. yiii. ff. 148-168 b. yell, small folio, xii. cent. 

MS. Arundel., Brit Mas. 222. ff. 1-34 b. yell. 4to. xii. cent 

** MS. Amndel., Brit Mus. 332. ff. 74-101 b. yell, long 8yo. xiii. cent. 

tt MS. Bodl. 109. (1962). ff. 27 b-77. yell. 8yo. xi. cent. 

tt MS. Bibl. Ducat. Guel£ yell. 8ya xi. cent 

MS. Bibl. du Roi. 2475. 7. olim Colbert, yell. xiii. cent. 

MS. Bibl. du Roi. 5348. 5. olim Colbert yell. xiii. cent. 

MS. Bibl. du Roi. 5362. I. olim Bigot, yell. xii. cent. 

MS. Vatican, de la Reine de SuMe 1285. 

MS. Bern. See App. FoBdera p. 45. 

MS. S. Gall. 



(( 



Incip, ProL — ^'Domino Sancto acbeatissinio Patri Eadf\'ic1o 

Episcopo, sed et oiniii Congregation i Fratiiim.'* 

Incip. Vita, — " Pnncipium nobis scribcndi de Vita Beati 

Cuthberti." 



* A leaf has been torn oat at the beginning of the Life in this MS. ; it 

commences abruptly *' ta etiam oonyersattone anchoretica ;" 

it is also imperfect at the conclusion, *' in yinculis expeditus beatissimi . . .'* 

f This MS. formerly belonged to the Monastery of St Cuthbert, 
Darham. 

% This MS. agrees with the printed edition as far as cap. 46, inclusiye, 
cc. 47 and 48 being taken from the " Historia Eccl?siastica," cc. 31, 32. See 
Steyenson's edition, pp. 285-316. 

§ This MS. ends with cap. 64, of the edition in the ** Acta Sanctorum," 
20 March, p. 115, col. ii. ** supra payimentum sanctuarii composuernnt.** 

II In this MS. are included the Miracles and Translation of St Cuthbert, 
much like those in Mabillon's " Acta Sanct Ord. Benedict.'' 

^ This MS. is much mutilated and scorched by fire. 

** This MS. wants a few lines at the commencement of the Prologue, 
and begins '* legentibus uniyersis.*' 

ff This MS. is imperfect at the conclusion, ending " firatre Hereberto nt 
** modo " (cap. xxyiii. p. 105. Ed. Steyenson). 

tt Pert!, " Mon. Germ." yi. 253. (?)^ 



302 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 687. ExpL Vita. — <^ Sadansque in bonis desiderium nostrum, sua 
^* nos in perpetuum misericordia et miseratione coronet in 
" saecula sfficulorum. Amen." 

Printed in Smith's edition of Bcda's works ; in Stevenson's, 
for the English Historical Society; bj MabUlon, in the ^' Acta 
*' Sanct. Ord. Benedict./' ii. 841 ; bj the Bollandists * in 
the ** Acta Sanctorum," iii. 97 (20 Mar.) ; and by Surius, 
in the "Vitas Sanctorum " (20 March), p. 214. 

This prose Life is addressed to Bishop Eadfrid,']' and to all 
the Congregation of the Brethren who serve Christ in the 
island of Lindisfarne. 

The writer gives an account of Cuthbert's infancy. He 
enters the monastery of Mailros ; is made Prior of Lindisfarne ; 
becomes an Anchoret at Farnc ; is made Bishop of Lindis- 
farne ; returns to his cell ; and dies A.D. 687. His Translation 
A.D. 698 is then described, and the piece concludes with his 
Miracles. 

The basis of Beda's prose, as well as of his metrical, Life of 
St. Cuthbert, seems to have been the anonymous Life above 
noticed (No. 753). 

Being written after the metrical Life, it embodies in an ex- 
' tended form all the prominent, incidents which are to be found 
therein,^ with many additional facts. Beda formed his nar- 
rative upon the information of those who had the best means 
of knowing the truth, and then submitted it to the inspection of 
one who had attended St. Cuthbert during his last illness, and 
of others equally well informed respecting the incidents of 
his life ; corrections and additions being made in accordance 
with their suggestions. A fair copy of the legend was then 
sent to Lindisfarne, and, during two days, it underwent a 
rigid scrutiny by the oldest and most judicious brethren of 



* The editors collated their text, taken from an ancient MS. of their own, 
with another in Monasterio Boniftintls Ordinis Cisterciensis in Gallia, 
and also with one in Monasterio S. Salvatoris Ultnqeetinl. 

f Bishop of Lindisfiime or Holy Island from the year 698 to 721. 

X He omits the Prologue and various portions of its text, as well as 
many names of persons and places; but his chapters 8, 6, 8^ 9, 19, 22, 23, 
31, 35, 37, 39, 43, 46 have nothing in common with the anonymoos lafe ; 
having been probably communicated to Beda by the monks of Lindia- 
fkme, when they reylBed the Life as sent in its earlier form for their 
approbation. Cbapters 37, 38, 39. and 40 contain Herefrid's account of 
Cuthbert's sickness, death, &c. 



TO THE EABLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 303 

thai monastery. When it had obtained their formal sanction, AJ). 687. 
and had been augmented by the addition of certain supple- 
mental insertions, for which they were the vouchers, the work 
was declared to be worthy of circulation, and was accordingly 
handed over to the transcribers. 



756. Liber de Trandationibus et Miraculis S. Cuthberti, 
£piscopi Lindisfamensis, auctore monacho Dunelmensi 
anonymo, qui vixit sub finem ssec. XI. 

* MS. BodL 514 (2184) ff. 88-89. yell 4to. dble. cols. xii. cent 
MS. Bodl. Land. 491 (1093) ff. 66-117 tcU. 4to. xii. cent. 

MS. Bodl. Digby 59. ff. 69b.-86b. yell. 8yo. xii. cent. 

MS. Bodl. Fairfax 6. (8886) yeU. folio, dble. cols. xiv. cent 

MS. Harl. 1934. ft 49-70. veil, small 4to. xii. cent 

MS. Trin. ColL Cant Gale. O. 3. 55. 

MS. Cott. Titus A ii. £ 127. yell. 4to. xy. cent 

MS. Cott. Nero A ii. ff. 46-58. yell. 12mo. xiL cent 

MS. Anmdel. Brit Mus. 332. ff. I02b.-118. yell. long. 8yo. xiii. cent. 

Ineip, — " Dens omnipotens, juste misericors." 
UxpL — <' et omnino simplicibus, frequenter audivimus." 
Printed in Mabillon'sf ^^ Act.Bened." ssec. iv.pars 2, p. 291, 
and in the " Acta Sanctorum," iii. 127 (19 Mar.). 

Stevenson has printed the latter text as an Appendix to ' 
Beda's Minor Works, p. 285. 

After two Chapters of Miracles from Beda (omitted in the 
Acta Sanctorum), the writer observes that God punished the 
iniquities of the English by sending the Prisons and Danes 
under Ubba and Haldene, who laid waste the country on every 
side. At this time King Alfred was obliged to fly, and lay 
secreted in the marshes of Glastonbury for three years. Here 
St. Cuthbert appeared to him^ in the guise of a pilgrim, and 
promised him that he should regain his throne ; which took 
place accordingly. At this period also the ravages of the 
barbarians caused Bishop Eardulf to escape with the body of 
St. Cuthbert to Ireland j but the monks were overtaken by 



* This MS. ends " tot Sanctorum reliquias ibidem conspiciunt." 
f The first two chapters in Mabillon are taken Arom Beda's Ecclesiastical 
History, lib. iy. cc. 30-82, and chap. 3, begins ** Dens omnipotens." 



SO-t DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 687. a tempest and compelled to return ; upon which they took up 
their abode, first at Crec^ and then at Cunceacester. The 
punishnfient of Onlafbald follows, for contempt of the Saint ; of 
the Scots, swallowed up like Dathan and Abiram ; a storv of 
the Gospels falling overboai'd and being recovered uninjured ; 
various punishments of such as endeavoured to infringe the 
Saint^s privileges ; the bodj conveyed to Durham ; Translation 
of relics of Saints from various places ; punishment of a 
married priest ; of Judith, wife of Earl Tosti ; of Tosti's 
offlcer, Barwith, who endeavoured to violate the Saint's immu* 
nities ; various infirmities, &c., cured by St. Cuthbert ; fiight 
of Abbot Egel win, and his return to Durham ; vision of the 
death of Gilmichael ; punishment of William I. for doubting 
the incorruptibility of the Saint ; of a Norman knight, who had 
robbed the church ; Translation of St. Cuthbert into the new 
church, A.D. 1104; and miraculous circumstances immediately 
following upon the Translation. The outer case of the coffin 
was covered with hides and nailed, the inner case being covered 
with coarse cloth ; in stripping off the cloth they removed the 
lid, and found on a ledge (tabula) a copy of the Gospels. 
Beneath this ledge covered with a linen cloth, lay the body of 
the Saint entire, and with the limbs flexible, as though only 
sleeping. On lifting out the body they found in the coffin, 
*' pectinem eburneum, ct forcipes suae adhuc novitatis decorem 
" retinentes, et quas sacerdotem decebant, altare videlicet 
^' argenteum, et corporalia, et cum patena calicem quidem 
^' parvum, sed materia et operc pretiosum, cujus inferior pars 
^' figuram leonis ex auro purissimo gestat dorso lapidem 
" onichenum, arte pulcherrima cavatum, qui ex studio arti- 
" ficis ita inhaeret leoni ut manu facile possit in gyrum verti, 
" nee tamen auferri." The coffin was covered with cere- 
cloth after the body had been replaced, and then restored to 
its former position behind the altar. The monks being placed 
under suspicion of imposture by a neighbouring abbot^ it wa>% 
determined, after much altercation, that a certain number of 
persons should be admitted to an examination of the body, 
before Radulf^ Abbot of Seez, and afterwards Archbishop of 
Canterbury, who fully satisfied all present as to the in- 
corruptness of the body by raising up the head, &c. Amongst 
the spectators was William, Archbishop of Canterbury ; Bishop 
Kanulf also made a long sermon on the occasion, but as it wa^ 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 305 

for the greater part irrelevant, his auditors grew weary, when A.D. 687. 
fortunately a shower terminated it. The coffin was placed on 
a lofty stone, behind the altar, supported by nine pillars. 

Though the gross blunder of assigning to Alfred a residence 
for three years at Ethelingai does not warrant any high opinion 
of the writer's information or research, he nevertheless supplies ,> 
us with various important as well as curious particulars. If 
Turgot really did write a History of the Church of Durham, 
it is highly probable that this is his work : Simeon of Durham 
seems to have transcribed or abridged the greater portion of 
it, and in several places refers for a fuller account to what is 
more largely described elsewhere; all which circumstances are 
here to be found.* The fact of Simeon having employed it, 
seems at least to prove its composition to have been prior to 
that of the History of the Church of Durham by the same 
author, t. e. before 1108 ; so that, unless that portion which 
describes the Translation be a later work, the mention of 
Hadalf and William bec4>ming Archbishops of Canterbury 
must have been a gloss added by a later hand. But perhaps, 
after all, both may have been the work of Simeon, as there 
seems very little foundation for Turgot's claim.f 



757. Complementum Vitse Sancti Cuthberti, Lindisfar- 

nensis Episcopi. 

MS. Imp. Paris. 3088. IS. (oUm Colbert 3019.) 

Nicholas Belfort, a Canon Regular of St. John of Soissons, 
forwarded this portion of the Life of St. Cuthbert, which he had 
derived '' ex MS. Longp." in order to supply a hiatus in the 
Antwerp copy of the history of St. Cuthbert's Translation. 
The transcript begins ^^ Continue venti mutantur" (Act. 
Sanct., March, iii., 129 § 7), and ends *'pcst tres autem" 
(Ibid. p. 182. col. 2. middle of section 20). 



* See, however, Bedford's ** Simeon of Durham,*' p. 187. 
t In the ** Acta Sanctorum," however, it is considered a later work. 
Malmesbnry seems to have seen it. 



VOL. I. U 



306 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A,D. 667. 768. BegmalduBdeColdinghamdeVirtutibus S.Cuthberti, 

ad Priorem et Conyentum Dunelm, 

MS. Deo. et Gvp* Donelm. zii. cent 
Jncip. Eputola. — << Piigsimo Domino et Patri JEtheldredo." 
Incip. Proosm. — ^< Ssepias multo, Sanctorum miracula Patrom 
" andiyimns.'' 
IneipU LibeUus. — <* Venerandus confeasor Cuthbertus." 
Eocpl. Lihellu8, — ^' in medium Samarifi perduxit." 
Printed bj the Surtees Society, 8yo. Lond. 1835, from the 
above-mentioned MS., which is supposed to be the auihor^s 
autograph. 

The Author's motives for writing are stated in the Prologue* 
Ailred of Rievaulz had related to him several of Cuthbert's 
miracles, and he intends to give his authorities for every 
thing he relates. 

The tract is divided into Chapters, each containing a 
separate miracle ; the most remarkable of its contents being : 
— account of Lindisfarne ; a delinquent seaman detected by 
casting lots and ducked thrice with a rope ; a king of Nor- 
way, Christian (?), plunders the coast of England in the 
time of King Stephen ; English seamen saved from ship- 
wreck on the coast of Friesland ; the Cross found on the 
body of Cuthbert ; description of his coffin ; the outer case is 
of wood covered with hides, and bound with iron ; the inner 
coffin of black oak elaborately^ carved ; description of the 
sculptures ; a monk turned into a fox for stealing new 
cheese. At Norham on the Tweed, on the borders of Lothian, 
the church door has a lock of ancient work of brass and iron. 
Helisende, an attendant on the queen of David king of Scots, 
becomes a nun at Elvestowe (Elstow) near Bedford. The state 
of England under Stephen ; his liberality and kindness. 
The ex-dean of Waltham retires to Durham ; his sisters, nuns 
of Chestrehunt, possessed " cyphum Sanctie reginn JE^thmJ* 
The disturbed state of the country after the death of Bishop 
William, (1153) ; preachers with relics sent about the country 
(by Bishop Hugh Pudsey) to raise money for the enlarging 
of Durham cathedral ; in Stephen's time the castles were the 
seat of every kind of oppression ; a drawbridge mentioned 
as existing at Nottingham castle ; a man punished for catch- 
ing a sparrow ; Roger Prior of Durham wished to pave the 
church of Durham with marble, as was done in foreign 



TO THE EABLY HISTORY OF OB£AT BRITAIN. 807 

churchesy but could not find any ; Harpin of Thorlane A.D. 687. 
brought marble from Rome ; a man imprisoned on suspi- 
cion of having found hidden treasure, &c. 

The narrative is rather verbose, with few facts, com- 
paratively, relating to St. Cuthbert ; the miracles have 
reference chiefly to the punishment of such as violated St. 
Cuthbert's immunities, and the rescue of persons from ship- 
wreck J occurring, for the greater part, during the time of 
Bishop William, and in the reign of Stephen, who is always 
mentioned in terms of respect for his kindness and piety. 
Many curious illustrations of the arts, dress, customs, and social 
condition of our forefathers may be derived from this tract. 

Nothing is known of the personal history of the Author, 
save that he was a monk of Durham. The York MS. calls 
him a monk of Coldingham ; but the Priory of Coldingham 
was at that time a Cell to Durham. 



759. Vita S. Outhberti. 

MS. Bodl Fairfax. 6 (3886). ff. 4db.~ld5. veil, folio, dble. eolf. 

ziy. cent. 

Ati£r.-— ^'Incipit Epistola Reginaldl, Dunelmensis Monachi, 
" ad Dominum Ethelredum, Abbatem Ecclesias Rievallensis, 
** directa." 

Incip, Epist — " Piissimo Domino et Patri Ethelredo." 

JSxpL EpUt — " Pietate gratuita mitigetur." 

Rvir. — "Explicit Epistola. Excusatio Scriptoris apolO'* 
'^ getica ad sui excusationem in sequens opus prsemissa^ ne 
" lector scriptorem vituperet, cum polita verba in eo invenire 
" non valeat." 

Incip. EpisU Excusat — " Verbi Dei praedicator officiosus." 

Rt^» Jncip, — "Prooemium in subsequentem libellum de 
" virtutibus et Miraculis gloriosl Cuthberti Pontificis, quae 
'^ nostris temporibus gesta vidimus et facta fuisse cogno- 
" vimus." 

Incip, Proamum* — " Siepius multo Sanctorum miracula." 

Expl, Proamium.-^^^* captamus.'* 

Eubr. — "Explicit Prooemium. Incipit Sermo de Octo Taber- 
** naculorum diecretis generibus, et intellectuum diversi- 
" tatibus." 

Incip. Sertno, (f. 45), — " Quam dilecta et diversa." 

U 2 



308 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOOUK OF MAXU>SCIII1TS KELATTXG 

A.D. 687. Ineip. Vita. (f. 47 b). — " Venerandus Confessor Cuthbertns 

" non mortis dolore." 
ErpL Vita, (f. 135). — "in medium Samarin perduxit.'* 
This MS. differs from the York MS. (No. 760.) in the 

numeration of its Chaptcrp. It is evidently the production 

of the Durham Scriptorium. 



760. Libellufl de Miraculis S. Cuthberti, secundum Regi- 

naldum de Coldingham. 

MS. Decan. et Capit. Ebor. xvi. I. 2. fol. 16. xiiLcent 

''IncipitPro<£mium in subsequentcm Libellum dc virtutibus 
" et Miraculis gloriosi Pontificis Cuthberti, secundum iEthel- 
*' redum, venerabilem Abbatem Rievallensis Ecclesise, et 
*^ Reginaldum, monachum dc Coldingham, directum Priori et 
** Conventui Dunelmiie." 

Incip, PfoL — " S»piua muUo Sanctorum." 

Incip, Cap. i. — *' Hoc mare magnum." 

Expl, — ** Vercdica attestatione audivimus." 

This MS is of the earlier part of the thirteenth century, but 
the text which it affords, though in general correct, is imperfect 
at both the beginning and end. It omits the Epistle of the 
Author to Ailred, and commences with the Preface (Ssepius 
multo, &c). It concludes with chap. xcv. Possibly, it may 
represent the text in an earlier state than that which occurs in 
the other MSS. 



761. Reginaldi, Monachi Dimelmensi?, de Virtutibus et 
Miraculis gloriosi Pontificis Cuthberti Liber. Ubi plura 
ex R Hoveden, Q. Malmesbir., &:c. 

MS. Cott. Claud. D. iv. ff. 88-113. veil, folio, xv. cent 
Indp. — " Saepius multorum Sanctorum miracula." 
ExpL — " fuerant superesse confirmavit." 
This is a History of Durham to nearly the end of the twelfth 
century; compiled from William of Malmesbury, Roger Hove- 
den, Simeon of Durham, Reginald of Durham, and the Lives 
and Miracles of St. Cuthbert ; all of which are regularly 



TO THE EAULY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 309 

quoted It is preceded by Reginald's preface to St/Cuthbert's AJ). 687. 
Miracles. 

The volume seemH to Lave been compiled about the year 
1400. 



762. Beginaldi, Monacbi Dunelinensis, Libellus de admi- 

randis S. Cuthberti virtu tibus. 

MS. Harl. 4843. ff. 66-153 b. paper, folio, zvi. cent. 
Copied probably from MS. Bodl. Fairfax. 6. (No. 759). 



763. Vita S. Cuthberti (Saxonice). 

MS. C.C.C. Cant 196 (formerly D. 5). veil. 8vo. xi. cent. 
MS. Cott. Julius A. X. 2. yell. Syo. xi. cent 

Incip. — "On ]>oneylcan daejbyiS, Sfie Ca}>berhtes gepitennys 
" pan halgan Bisceopes." 

This Life is very brief, and seems to be taken from Beda's 
Life of St. Cuthberty especially that portion of it where 
Cnthbert turns water into wine, chap. xxxv. 



764. Depositio S. Cuthberhti Episcopi. 

MS. Bodl. 340 (2404). £f. 58 b-66 b. 

MS. C.C.G. Cant 198. (olim S. 8.) ff. 81-90. yell, small folio. 

MS. Bib. Pub. Cant* veil, folio, xi. cent 

Incip, — " Cuthberhtus, se halga bisceop, scinende on 
" manegum." 
EacpL — " mid him lybbendem a on eacnysse ealra worulda.'* 
Printed in the "Homilies of the Anglo-Saxon Church," 

* This MS. was given to Archbishop Parker by John Jewel, Bishop of 
Salisbury, in the year 1568. At the end of the volume are two of Jewells 
letters to Parker, having reference to this MS. In the first, dated IStli 
Jan. 1568, he writes, — ** I have ransacked our poore Librarie of Sarisburie, 
" and have founde nothing worthy the findinge, saving onely one bookc 
** written in the Saxon tongue, which I minde to sende to your grace by 
" the next conveniente messenger ;*' and in the second letter, dated 3 1st 
Jan. 1568, he writes, — " I thought it my dewtie to perfoume my piomissc 
" and therefor haye sente your grace that hidden treasure that we had in 
•< onr librarie." 



310 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.D.es7. ii., 132. It foUowe, professedly, and very closely, Beda's 
Narrative, adding no new information, and compressing and 
generalising the details. It exhibits undoubted evidence of 
having been originally a metrical production, and might, for 
the most part, be restored to its original alliterative form. 



765. Libellus de ortu S. Cutliberti, de Historiis Hyber- 

nensium excerptus et translatus. 

MS. Eocl. Eborac. 16. L 5. 8. 

MS. Bodl. Fairftix 6. (3886). ff. 1-12 b. veil, folio, dble cols. xiv. cent 

MS. HarL 4848. ff. 1-7 b. paper, folio, xvi. cent. 

MS. Cott Titus. A- ii ff. 134-147 b. veil 4to. xv. cent 

MS. Lincoln's Inn, 104. ft 169-188. paper, xv. cent 

Incip, Free/. — " Cum per annos plurimos." 

Incip, Libellus. — " Cuthl)ertu6 in Christo Jesu gemma 
** sacrorum sacerdotum." 

ExpL Libellus, — " aeterni testlmonii, qui in sternitate vivit 
" in f^aecula sieculorum." 

Eubr. — '* Explicit Libellus de Nativitate Sancti Cuthberti, 
" de Historiis Hibemensium excerptus et translatus. Incipit 
^* de adventu ejus in Scotia." 

Ificip. de Adventu, — "Postquam beatus puer Cuthbertus." 

Expl, de Adventu, — ** semper vivis et gloriaris, Christi co- 
<* haeres gratise, per sieculorum saecula infinita. Amen." 

Colophon. — ** Explicit Libellus de Vita Sancti Cuthberti, de 
" Historiis Scottorum excerptus." 

Printed by the Surtees Society, in the ^* Miscellanea Biogra- 

" phica," p. 63, Lond. 1838. 

The author, iu the Prologue, states that he had collected the 

Miracles of St. Cuthbert before he discovered the Irish 

account of his descent This account was confirmed by the 

relation of Eugen, Bishop of Armagh (?),* with the addition 

of further particulars, among which he found that his father's 

name was Muriadach, King of all Ireland; his mother^s 

Sabina ; statements further confirmed by the disciples of SS. 

Molachi, Matthias, and Gilbert, and a certain ancient Irish 

priest. 

The earlier portion is to the following effect: — 

In a noble city called Lainestri there reigned a vii*tuou8 

king ; but the devil inciting the neighbouring sovereign 

* '* Eugenius episcoptls ^tUndionensis." 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 311 

of Connacht^ he suddenly fell on him by night and put him A.D. 687. 
to death, with his whole family, except a little girl, who 
was reserved for servitude. As the girl grew up, the king 
fell in love with her, but she steadfastly resisted all his 
attempts on her chastity. Finding her alone in a remote place, 
whither she had gone, like other maidens, in conformity with 
the custom of going at stated periods of the sunmier to gather 
flowers, &c., to ornament the queen's chamber, he there violated 
her. He then attempted to console her by the assurance that 
should she hare male issue it should succeed him in the 
throne, and he sent her to his mother to be taken proper care 
of. The mother placed her in a nunnery, where in due time 
she gave birth to a son, afterwards St. Cuthbert. His birth > 
was attended with a miraculous light, which induced the bishop 
to request of the king permission to direct the education of 
the child. His baptismal name was MuUucc, which was given 
him in a city called Hartlbrechins. The bishop, according 
to the custom of that country, was once visiting his flocks and 
herds, when Cuthbert, who accompanied him, predicted the 
colour of a calf yet unborn. Cuthbert was wearing a bell 
round his neck, by the Irish called '^ kelim," when he broke 
it by accident, a.nd carried it to a smith, who repaired it by 
the agency of a fire made with rushes.* In Meath is a city 
called Kenan, on the river Manay, in a very fruitful country ; 
here, according to Irish histories which had been seen by 
Engen, " episcopus Hardionensis," who was brought up there, 
Cuthbert was bom. After a time, the bishop, who had under- 
taken to superintend Cuthbert* s education, died, and his mother, 
apprehensive of danger, with her son's concurrence, fled with 
him to a port whence a vessel was about to saU for Britain. 
Cuthbert let his Psalter fall into the sea, where it was 
swallowed by a seal. They were joined on the voyage by 
a bishop and his pupils, whom the bishop was fearful of 
losing by violence. On the voyage, Cuthbert had a vision of 
an anchor fixed in the roof of a building. On his reaching the 
land, the seal vomited forth the Psalter uninjured. According 
to some accounts, his miracles exciting envy, Cuthbert was 
ordered to quit the country, and, in derision, being desired to 

* « This was related by Archbishop Matthias": — ^Matthteos Henseos vel 
0*Heney, Archbp. of Cashel, wrote a Life of St. Cuthbert, bp. of Lin* 
dis&me. He died A.B. 1206i 



312 DESCRIl-TIVC CATALOGUE OF MAKUSCRIFfS RELATING 

A.D. 667. embark on board a veseel of stone fashioned like a corrok, 
he did embark in it, and sailed to a part of Grallowaj called 
Rintsnoc in Rennuii. Thenco he went to another port called 
Litterpen in Argyle. Between Argyle and Inccgad there is 
a lake called Loicafan, where thej all landed. Hero robbers 
attempted to plunder his mother of her golden bracelet, but 
were destroyed at the prajer of Cuthbert. Columba, Bishop 
of Dunkeld, took charge of Cuthbert and Brigid» but the 
envj of three English clerks attending on Columba being 
excited bj his kindness to the children, thej killed his 
favourite blackbird, and laid the mischief to the charge of 
the children. The bird, however, revived, and cleared them 
. of the imputation. Cuthbert's mother had two brothers, 
bishops in Scotland, Meldun and Eatan, to whom she pre- 
sented their nephew ; upon which thej placed him with a 
holy man to be educated. While he was playing with other 
cliildren and standing on his head, his clothes supernaturallj 
adhered to his legs. 

After visiting various places, Cuthbert at length came to 
Clui* where, determining to lead a solitary life, he selected 
for his i^esidence a lofty hill, accessible on the south side only, 
a mile from the city, and called Doilwune (area amoena), which 
had hitherto remained in possession of demons only. Hero 
he caused a fountain (still existing) to burst from the earthy 
erected a stone cross on steps, made a bath of stone, in which 
he passed whole nights in prayer, immersed in the water ; and 
drove the devil down hill with a club. This place afterwards 
became a sanctuary, and in the time of King David, Madet 
Maccrie Mori (t.«. filius Mori) took refuge there, but was 
punished by divine vengeance for bringing his wife with him. 
A King's daughter having accused Cuthbert of debauching 
her, was swallowed up by the earth, at a place called 
Corruen, for her iniquity ; and, on this account^ no woman 
is permitted to enter his church. This ''m terra Pictorum^ 
is stUl observed in churches dedicated to Cuthbert. A hermit, 
who had been a monk at Luchefelda, dwelt in a wood called 
Moddri, four miles from Bedford : Cuthbert appeared to him, 
and told him that he himself had formerly resided there, and 
that the place was secure against both thieves and wild beasts. 
The devil once appeared to him in the shape of a beautiful 



* DuU in «ome MSS. 



TO THE ELVRLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 313 

woman, bat Cuthbert spriukled him with holy water, upon A.D. 687. 
which he fled, with a horrible stench^ carrying away part 
of the church with him ; for this reason, Cuthbeii; ordered that 
no woman should in future enter his church. 

The author had transcribed these latter statements ^' ex 
"Scottorum paginis et scriptis," following the sense rather 
than the words, and interweaving therewith the information 
which he had derived from certain Irish bishops concerning 
St. Cuthbert's origin, so as to form one connected nan*ative. 
Malachi told many of these things to King David, and they 
were confirmed, among others, by " Eugenius episcopus Hard- 
" moriae." 

The chief incidents arc here extracted, but they arc mixed 
up with much declamation. As the Author, whoever he may 
have been, had already employed himself in collecting the 
Miracles of St. Cuthbert, it may, perhaps, be inferred that we 
have here another of the works of Reginald of Coldiugham. 

The monks of Durham so far believed in the truth of this 
most improbable narrative as to derive from it some of the 
subjects with which they ornamented the windows of their 
church. 



766. Vita S. Cuthberti, versibus hexametris rhythmicis. 

MS. Cott Titus. A. ii. f. 148. veil. 4to. xy. cent 
MS. HarL 4643. f. 261. 

Incip. — ** Si cupis andire Cuthberti miraque scire 

Virtutis mirae, potes hunc Sanctum reperire.*' 
Expl, — " esse queunt certi quod morte mala morientur." 
The same narrative as in the Irish Life, translated into 
Leonine verse^ and appended to the prose text mentioned in 
No. 765. Five leaves are wanting in the Cottonian MS.* 



767. Vita S. Cuthberti, versibus rhythmicis. 

MS. Lincoln's Inn, 104. ff. 134-151. yell. 4to. xv. cent. 

Incip, — " Beda, satis notus Doctor, describere motus 
Cuthberti vitam, per plurima mira politam 
Metro prsescripsit, in prosam postea fixit. 
Lingua vexatus banc scribens est meditatus 
Infans Cuthbertus ludis solet esse repertus." 



* " Hear wants fyve leaves, for whiclie I wold gev fyve oulde Angells," 
fol. 151 b. 



314 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCBIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 687. ^^^' ^^** ^' Cuthberti metrice scripta* 

MS. Coll. UniTen. Oxon. 165. velL nnall 4to. zlL cent. 
Incip. — ^* O pater Anglorum, patrum par Angeliconim, 

" Tu, Cuthberte sacer, pronis pius, hostibus aoer." 
ExpL — " Omnibus hoc dicens, et laude Deum benedicenB." 

This piece appears to belong to the end of the 12th, or begin- 
ning of the 13th centurj. It is printed in the ''Miscellanea 
" Biographica ** of the Surtees Society, p. 91. The narrative 
follows Beda closely, and affords no additional information. 



769. Be Sancto Cuthberto, Episcopo et Coufessore. 

MS. Cott Tiber. E. I. ff. 75-85. 
MS. Bodl. Tanner. 15. yell. fi>lio. xt. cent. 

Ificip. — '^ £x regaii Hiberniensom prosapia Rex qaidaai, 
^* nomine Muriardachus." 

ExpL — '' Tempore quoque Regis Willelmi Primi, Edganis 
" Rex Scotiae donavit Sancto Cathberto et Monachis Dunel- 
^* mensibus Berwicum^ cum suis appendentiis, et Coldingham." 

Printed in Capgrave's " Nova Legenda Angliae." 

The Life of St. Cuthbert, as given by Capgrave, commences 
with the account of the Irish origin of the Saint ; and Colgau, 
apparently following Capgrave, has ascribed to him the same 
royal origin. 

For an account of these MSS. see Nos. 35 and 38. 



770. Life of Si Cuthbert, in English verse. 

MS. Cott Jul. D. ix. ff. 46-46 h. velL 8to. xt. cent. 

MS. Addit 10301. ff. 96-99. veil, small Iblio. xiv. cent. 

MS. BodL 779. £ 134. paper, amall folio, xiv. cent 

•MS. BodLTanner. 17. ff. 42b-43. yelL small folio, xt. cent 

MS. C. C. C. Cant. 145. veil, small folio. xiT. cent 

MS. ColL Trin. Oxon. 57. 2. Tell, folio, xt. cent 

MS. Bodl. Laud. Misc. 108 (1486). ff 154b.-155b Tell, folio. xiT. cent 

MS. Bodl. Land. Misc. 468. (1596). ff 83-S3b. TeU. folio, xt. cent 

tncip, — ** Seint Cuthbert was bore here in Ingelond." 
ExpL — " And thoru the bone of Seint Cuthbert bringe us 

" all therto." 

The text in the abovementioned MSS. is the same, with the 

exception of numerous verbal differences. 

* There is in this MS aTery well executed foil-length figure of St Ccth- 
belt, in his episcopal robes, with the head of St Oswald in his right hand 
and his crown in his left. 



TO TH£ EARLY HLSTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 815 

771. Brevis Relatio de Sancto Cuthberto, et quomodo cor- A.D. 687. 
pus ejufl Dunelmum venerat, et excerpta de Vita et 
Miraculis ejusdem Sancti. 

♦ MS. Cott Nero. A. ii. ff. 85-107b. veil. 12mo. xii. cent. 

MS. Cott. Titus. A. ii. f. 158. veil. 4to. xv. eent. 

MS. Trin. Coll. Gale. 0. iii. 55. 

MS.Bodl. Laod. Misc. 491 (1093). ff. 117b-144. veil. 4to. xil cent 

MS. Sloane. 1772. f. 1. veil. 4to. xii cent. 

Incip, — " Yenerabilis igitur Domini famulas, Cuthbertus, 
'^ octavo suse setatis anno." 

ExpL — ^with a long notice of Bishop Walcherus, — "erat enim 
** de saphiro factus, prasfatus episcopus abstulity qui, posito in 
" castello miiitum pr»sidio, protinus abcessit.'' 

At f. 129 b. (MS. Laud.) in this piece occur three Chapters 
borrowed from the Translation (ii. 311. Ed. Stevenson); the 
tract itself being an abridgment of Simeon of Durham (lib. I. 
c. 7 — ^lib. iii. c. 115.), followed in MS. Bodl. Laud. Misc. 491, 
by two prayers to St. Cuthbert, the first beginning " O decus 
" Anglorum; titulis pollens meritorum ;" the second, "Deus 
" verax et pius." 

There are in the Gale MS. above mentioned various mira- 
cles related, similar to those which occur in Simeon's History, 
and evidently derived from one authority common to both. 
The piece contains the following Chapters : — 
" Quomodo corpore ipsius ad Lindisfarnensem insulam pro- 
" pinquante, fiuctus expectaverint quousque omncs siccis pc- 
" dibus transirent. 

" Quomodo quidam furtum quod in monasterio ejus perpe- 
** traverat ipse prodidit, sicque ibidem miserabiliter interiit. 

** Quomodo equus cujusdam, dum ex frugibus ccclesi® Sancti 
" Cuthberti comederet, subito interierit. 

" Quomodo populus, in Dunelmo conclusus, a duobus exer- 
citibus liber atus fuerit. 

*^ Quomodo quidam, dum fnrens equos monachorum Sancti 
" Cuthberti de hospitio suo expellere voluisset, ut mortuus 
" ceciderit. 

^ Quomodo egestatem patientibus, mentis Sancti Cuthberti, 
'* multitudinem piscium mare recedens reliquerit. 

*' Quomodo Paulus Abbas et Bobertus Comes in loco quern 
" Sancto Cuthberto abstulerant injuriae poenam receperint. 



* The leaves of this MS. are misplaced : after f. 107 b, the narrative is 
continued at f. 58. The Miracles occur in different order, and their sub- 
stance varies from those in the Gale MS. 



316 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OP MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 687. " Quomodo clericus febncitans ad tambam Sancti Cuthberti 
^' sauatus fuerit. 

** Quomodo quidam, qui asinario EccleHiae Sancti Cuthberti 
'* cingulam tulerat, repente oculos doluerit. 

^' Quomodo do Lindisfarue fugicuti cum furto subito mare 
** occurrens iter obstruxerit. 

" Qualiter infantuius sub trabc, bobus earn trahentibu& 
" volutntus, nee tamen fuerit laesus. 

" Quomodo pyratas, dum navem cum abducerent iji ejus-dem 
*' ccclesias viriB iusulam Lindi&farneusem subita tempestas 
*• ejecerit. 

" Qualiter juvenis, oppressus sub iugeuti pondere ligni. 
" mentis beati Cuthberti illtesus evaserit. 

" Quomodo in loco ubi prius jacuerat miracula comscare, et 
** infirm! sanitatem coeperunt recuperare. 

" Exemplum prsebuit Sanctus Cuthbertus suis sueccssoribui. 

"De indulgentia concessa Dunelmensi ecclesise privilegio 
*' Anastasii Papas Quarti. 

" Quo anno Sanctus Cuthbertus ordinatus est, et quantum 
" amabatur ab antiquis regibus. 

" De Walchero Episcopo." 



772. Historia de Sancto Cuthberto. 

MS. BibL Pub. Cant. Ff. 1. 27. pp. 195-202. veil, folio, xii. cent. 
*MS. Lincoln*8 Inn, 114. 4. f. 163. paper, x v. cent 

Incip, — " In nomine Dei summi, de Saucto Cuthberta et 
" de commemorationc locorum regionumquo ejus prisca 
" possessionis." 

ExpL — " se et totum exercitum beato Confessori commendans, 
« abiit." 

Printed in Sir Roger Twysdeu's "Decern Scriptores,** i. 
67-76. 

This is a History of St. Cuthbert, and of the possessions cf 
Durham from the earliest times. It closely resembles the text 
of Simeon of Durham, and the " Translationes Beati Cuth- 
" berti '' (Mabil. Act. Ben. vi. 310), with the addition of the 
Donations. The last paragraph is in Anglo-Saxon, commenc- 
ing. "Is tSeosburch Breome," and ending "perddmes bydef.** 



* This MS. agrees in many respects with Tvjsden's version, bat there 
are passages in it which do not occur in the printed text. 



'i ' 



TO TOE EARLY HISTOKT OF GREAT BRITAIN. 317 

778. De S. Cuthberto. A.D. 687, 

MS. Bibl. Digby. 175. £f. 23-24 b. yell, small folio, xi. cent 

MS. Bodl. I^ad. 491. (1093). Tell. 4to. xii. cent. 

MS. Had. 1 1 1 7. ff. 40 b-42. veil. 4to. x. cent. 

^rS. Cott. Yitell. A. xi^. ff. 85-88. yell, small 4to. x. cent. 

MS. Bodl. Fairfax. 6. (3886). f. 29 b. yell, folio, dblc cols. xiy. cent. 

MS. Coll. Univers. Oxon. 165. veil, small 4to. xii cent 

MS. Bodl. Fell. 1. f. 76 b. veil, folio, xi. cent. 

MS. Bodl. Digby. 59. f. 45 b. veil 8vo. xii. cent. 

MS. Cott Cland. A. i. ff. 153 b-154. veil. 4to. x. cent 

* MS. Cott Nero. A. ii. f. 45. velL 12mo. xii. cent 

MS. Arundel. Brit Mns. 332. ff. 101 b-102 b. veil, birge 8vo. xiii. cent. 

MS. Arundel Brit. Mns. 222. ff. 34 b-35 b. veil 4to. xii. cent. 

Incip. — " Ernt in eodem moaasterio frater quidaui, nomine 
" Beada." 

These arc merely excerpts from Beda'a "Hist. Ecci." iv, 30, 
relating to St. Cuthbert. 



774. Vita S. Ciithberti, Lindinfamensis Epifcicopi. 

MS. Bibl. dc TEcole de MIdecine de Montpellier. 1. veil, folio, xii. cent. 
MS. Ccenob. Camberonensis in Hannonia. 



775. Farrago Cartarum ad Historiam Ecclesise 

Dunelmensis spectantium. 

MS. Bodl. 596. (2376), ff. 203-206 b. veil, folio, xl cent 

This Manuscript is imperfect, and begins with the words — 
*< dedit. £t hi sunt termini istiua villse ; ab aqua qua) vocatur 
" Lina usque ad Cocwuda." It ends, ** et operuit super con- 
" gregationem Abiron," (cf. Hist. Transl. S. Cuthb. p. 296. 1. 2. 
Ed. Stevenson.) 

The MS. formerly belonged to the Monastery of St. 
Augustine, Canterbury. 



* This MS. is imperfect, beginning abruptly, ** Nee silentio pneteremi- 
" dam." 



■•<i. 



318 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCBIPTS RELATIKO 

A.D. €%7. AM. 1.— A.D. 687. 

*776. Nennii Eulogiam Britanniee. 

MS. CoU. 8. Trin. Cant. O. x. 18. f. 8. paper folio. xtIL cent 
From internal evidence, when compared with Gale's Edition, 
It is clear that this is the copj from which that Edition was 
printed. 



777. Nennii Historia Britonum. 

MS. BIbl Pub. Cant Ff. 1. 27. 2. pp. I4b.-41. yell, small folio. 

dble. eols. xii. cent 

Incip. Proh — '' Humilis servorum Christ! minister et servus 
'* Nennius, Dei gratia Sancti Elboti discipulus." 

ExpL ProL — " csstera supplex obedientia pro riribus sup- 
«' plebit." 

Ritbr, — " Apologia Nennii, Britonum Historiographi| gentis 
<' Britonum." 

Indp, Apolog. — '^ Ego Nennius, Sancti Elbodi discipulus, 
^ aliqua excerpta scribere curavi." 

ExpL Apolog, — *' qui plus noverit in ista peritia quam ego." 

Indp. Hist — ^^ A principio mundi usque ad Diluvium anni 
« duo millia ducenti quadraginta duo." 

ExpL Hist.—*' Cair Luit Coyt." 

This MS. has in its text manj passages, which are found 
in the margin in some copies, but arc wholly wanting in by far 
the greater number of MSS.f These apparent glosses seem 
to indicate that it was formed from at least two different 



* This article is slightly out of place ; it should follow No. 805. 
t This MS. also contains the following almost onintelligible lines, as well 
as two extracts fVom some short chronological Memoranda : — 

** Versus Nennini ad Samuelem filium magistri sui, Beulani presbyteri, 
** Tlri religiosi, ad quern Historiam istam scripserat : — 
" Adjutor benignus, cans doctor efifabilis fonis, 
Gaudium honoris i$ti Katholica lege magni ; 
Nos omnes precamur, qui ros sit tutus utatur ; 
Christe, tribuisti patri Samuelem, Ista matre. 
Ymnizat hsec semper tibi longsevns ben servns tui, 
Zona indue salutis istum pluribus annis." 
" Versus ejusdem Nennii : — 

*' Fomifer, qui digitis scripsit ex ordine trinis, 
Incolnmis obtalmis sitque omnibus membris, 
£n Yocatur Ben notis litteris nominis quini.* 



»» 



TO THE EAKLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 319 

copies, if not subjected to interpolation from other sources. A.D. 687. 
It is the only copy which prefixes to the history a series 
of Capitula, which contain internal evidence either of for- 
gery or interpolation. It closely resembles the copy which was 
used by Gale in his edition, and Petrie selected it for his text 
in the ^'Monumenta Historica Britannica.'' In his enume- 
ration of his authorities it stands as MS. A., and in Stevenson's 
Edition it isHfllarked L. 

In this MS. there is a second copy of Nennius (Ff. 1. 27. 3), 
though described as the work of Gildas. In it the two Pro- 
logues are omitted, and the chapter relative to Ida, King of 
Northumbria. It states also that 796 years had elapsed from 
the period of our Lord's Passion. It seems to agree with the 
MS. Beg. 13, D. v. (No. 791), but adds, partly in the text and 
partly in the margins, most of the variations found in the 
Vatican MS. (No. 815.) A transcript of these MSS. is also 
found in MS. Harl. 624, where also it is improperly attributed 
to Gildas. It is L. 2. in Stevenson's list of MSS., and MS. Y. 
in Petrie's. 

" The " Historia Britonum " was first printed by Gale, in 
the year 1691 among the *' Quindecim Scriptores,'* apparently 
from this MS. Gale's text was reprinted by Bertram * in 



The extracts fh>m the Memoranda are as follow : — 

'* AX>, DCGCLvm. zz. yero iiij° Mervini Regis Britonum, h»c historia a 
** Nennlo Britonum historiographo est composita.'* 
** . . . . ab orlgine mundi usque ad Christum, anni fuerunt y.M.ezc 
** norem. Anni igitur ab exordio mundi usque in annum preesentem, 
*• vLM.C.viii. fiunt." 

* Bertram's title of Gildas and Nennius (Svo. Havn. 1757), would lead 
an inattentiye reader to suppose he had printed them from MSS. ; but he 
merely reprints Gale's text, making such transpositions as he supposed 
necessarj for the correction of their respectiye texts, and affixing marks of 
reprobation to such parts as he supposed to be not genuine. He omits the 
Epistle of Gildas, places the *< Capitula " in Nennius at the head of the 
sereral chapters, and transposes Appendix L to the head of the Fre&ce. 
He marks all the rubrics occurring in the MS. as interpolated, as well as 
cc. 30-34, and c 65 ; he also marks as doubtful cc 11, 12, 13, 38 to 43, 
48 to 50, 52, C2 to C4. He is of opinion that there is little genuine 
before the end of the ninth chapter ; his notes are brief and of no im- 
portance. • 

Again, in his second edition of Nennius, he says in his title-page, that it 
is ** longe corrector;'* but this must either apply to his haying formerly 
reprinted Gale's text incorrectly, or to his own conjectural emendations or 



320 DESCRIPTIVE CATAIX)GUE OP MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A«D. 687. His collection published at Copenhagen in 1757, under the 
title of ^' Rerum Anglicarum Scriptores tres." 

The " Historia Nennii " was afterwards published bj the 
Rev. W. Gunn, in 1819, from the Vatican MS. (No. 815), as 
the production of Mark the Anchorite ; and another edition 
followed, in 1837, bj Dr. Giles. The Rev. Joseph Stevenson, 
in 1838, issued another edition for the English Historical 
Society, the text of. which, based upon MS. Harl. 3859 (see 
No. 778), exhibits a collation of various other copies. Mr. 
Petrie, in the '' Monumenta Historica Britannica," has also 
adopted a text which takes for its groundwork the Cambridge 
MS. just described. The Irish edition appeared in 1848 : see 
No. 816. Mr. Stevenson's edition has been reprinted by 
San Marte (A. Schulzo, 8vo., Berlin, 1844). The work of 
Nennius has been translated into English more than once. 

Of the Author of the " Historia Britonum " nothing is 
known, except what is obtained from the incidental notices 
which occur in the Prologues to the work, prefixed in some 
Manuscripts, from a few indications in the body of the work 
itself, and from some verses that'are inserted in one manuscript.* 
From these it appears that the Author was Nennius, the disci- 
ple of £lbod,f that he was born during the latter part of the 
eighth, and was living in the ninth century ; that he compiled 
his history by order of his superiors, and completed it in the 
year 858 ; that he was connected with a priest called Beulan, 
whom he styles '^master," and to whom he seems to have 
addressed a copy of his compilation ; that he inscribed certain 
verses to Samuel, the son of Beulan, for whose information he 
appears occasionally to have glossed his work ; and that he 
belonged to some community either of the regular or secular 
clergy. 

The few facts above mentioned are all that can be gleaned 
from the author's own statement relative to himself ; but it is 
most probable that he was a native of Wales, since nearly all 
his Narrative has reference to that portion of the realm. 

transpositions of the text. There is no reason, in fact, for thinking that he 
ever consulted, or even saw, a single MS, The di£ference between his two 
editions seems to consist in a few unimportant additions to his Preftce, and 
a more exact reprint of Gale's collations. 

♦ See note p. 318. 

t *' %o Nennias, S. Elbodl (or Elvodu^) discipulus." 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 321 

The ascription of the " Historia Britonum " to Nennius has A.D. 687. 
occasioned much discussion. Its accuracy depends mainly on 
the authority of the Cambridge MS. (Ff. 1. 27. 2) now under 
consideration, as it is the only ancient copy which contains 
both Prologues in the original hand, and without the authority 
of those Prologues the work might be assigned to any other 
person : indeed one of the earliest manuscripts of this work 
ascribes it to Mark the Anchorite (see No. 815), while no 
fewer than seventeen manuscripts have rubrics ascribing it to 
Gildas; besides which facts, whenever the work is cited by 
any early English historian it is never attributed to Nennius, 
but, on the contrary, to Gildas.* 

The probable solution of thjs difficulty as to the author- 
ship, is that the ** Historia Britonum " is the production of an 
anonymous author,' and that some scribe, perhaps named 
Nennius,f interpolated and glossed the work for his friend 
Samuel, adding, at the same time, the earlier Prologue ; and 
that a second copyist, subsequently observing the discrepancies 
between the Prologue and the text, wrote the shorter Prologue 
or Apologia, which he intended should supersede the first^ 

The period of time embraced in the " Historia Britonum " ^ 
extends from the Creation to the year 687. The author states 
in the preface that he had collected his materials from the 
tradition of his Elders, from the monuments of the ancient 
inhabitants of Britain, from the Chronicles of Isidore, Jerome, 
Prosper, and Ensebius, as also from the Histories of the Scots 
and Saxons. 



* This mistake may have arisen from the similarity, in many instances, 
of the statements in both authors, which may have led an uncritical 
rubricator to attribute the anonymous treatise of Nennius (for without the 
Prolognei it would seem to be anonymous) to Oildas. Be this as it may, 
the ** Historia Britonum " is quoted by Greoffrey of Monmouth, Henry of 
Huntingdon, and William of Malmesbury, as the work of Gildas. 

t It has been asserted that there were two persons of the name of Nennius. 
The first is mentioned by Qeoffrey of Monmouth, and is said to have written 
a book of British History in his own language, which was subsequently 
translated into Latin by another Nennius, who was Abbot of Bangor, in 
which establishment he composed the History now under consideration. 

% The reader interested in this subject is referred for further information 
to the Prefkce of the " Monumenta Historica Britannica," pp. 62, 64. 



VOL. I. X 



322 DESCBIFnYE CATALOGUE OF MAlffUSGBIPTS BELATING 

A.D. 687. 778. Nennii Historia Britonum ; cum Appendice et 
Chronico subjectis, necnon tractatu de Mirabilibus 
Britannise* Exemplar pleniusy ut mihi videtur, quam 
alia qusd citantur et in preiio habentur, quanqaam hue- 
uaque omnino ignotum. 

MS. HarL 3859. ft 174 b -1 98. relL small folio, z. or xi. cent 

Ineip.--^^^ A principio mundi usque ad Diluviunu" 
£xpl, — " %t Yocator Luch Echach. Finit. Amen.*' 
This MS.> which is the oldest at present known, is, at the 
latest, of the eleventh centmy. Wanley and Petrie assign it to 
the tenth. It has no rubrics, but it is divided into 49 chapters, 
or sections, bj large letters ; it forms the basis of the text 
adopted bj Mr. Stevenson in his edition for the English 
Historical Society. Both Prologues are omitted, but it contains 
the Grenealogies, names of the cities and '* Mirabilia." The 
'^Mirabilia" are nineteen in number, of which thirteen 
apparently belong to Britain, four to Anglesea^ and two to 
Ireland ; they are chiefly extraordinary stories of lakes, tides, 
&c« «•«. natural phenomena magnified and misunderstood. It 
contains also, a short Chronicle relative to British affairs, 
and some important Welsh genealogical matter wholly uncon- 
nected with the " Historia Britonum," In Petrie*s notation 
it stands as X., in Stevenson's as A. 



779. Res GestsB Britonum» a Gilda Sapiente compositse, 
a Bruto nempe ad Begem Arthurum, cum nominibus 
Civitatum quae sunt in Britannia, et Enumeratione 
Mirabilium Britanniso. 

MS. Cott CiOig. A. Till it 41-^ b. velL 4to. zii. cent 

Incip^ — *' A principio mundi usque ad Diluvium." 

ExpL — ^' Cair Luit Coit. Haoc sunt nomina omnium civi- 
'^ tatum qusB sunt in Britannia, quarum numerus est xxviij." 

Then follows the tract "De Mirabilibus," which, in 
Mr. Stevenson's edition, precedes the Enumeration of the 
Cities. 

Ineip, de Mirab, — '< Primum miraculum est Stagnum Lum- 
" monoi," 



TO THE EABLY HISTOBT OF OREiT BBITAIN. 323 

ExpL de Mirab,-'^'* et aciem oculorum ejus amisit, et ante -^'^^ 687. 
^* mensem [integrum vitam finivit]." — the end of § 71 of Mr. 
Stevenson's edition. 

This MS. (marked H. in Petrie's list, D. in Stevenson's) 
has omissions similar to those in MS. Harl. 3859 (No. 778), 
and no additions. It has (inserted in the margin in Bale's 
hand) all the marginal variations of MS. C.C.C. Cant. 139 
(No. 789) ; whence they were printed by Gale. The MS. was 
probably written at Durham during the Episcopate of 
William de S. Barbara, who died in 1153. The initial letter 
of the chapter beginning ''Britannia insula," is illuminated, 
and considerably larger than those of the other chapters, as if 
it had been copied from a MS. which commenced with that 
passage. This MS., it will be observed, is attributed to Gildas 
in the Cottonian Catalogue. 



780. Nennii Historia de Britannia, emendate scripta. 

MS. Cott Yespas. D. zxi. ff. 1-S4 b. veil, small 4to. zii. cent. 

Incip,'^" Britannia insula a quodam Bruto, consule Romano, 
" dicta." 

ExpL — " et in capite anni lapis reperitur, et vocatur Luch 
" Echach." 

This fine MS. (Petrie's Y., Stevenson's B.), with a very few 
slight verbal variations or transpositions, is a transcript of a 
copy similar to MS. Harl. 3859 ; indeed from its containing 
some false readings, which have been corrected by a later hand 
in that MS., it might be supposed to have been transcribed 
from it, did it (MS. Yespas.) not contain also some few passages 
which have been omitted in the Harleian MS. through the care- 
lessness of the scribe. They are transcripts, no doubt, from 
a common original. It contains the Genealogies, the list of 
the British cities, and the " Mirabilia," but it is not divided into 
chapters. 



781. Nennii Historia Britonum, a cap. 2. editionis 
GaleansB. Exemplar antiquum et nitidmn. 

MS. Cott YitelL A. xiii fl:90b-^9b. relL 4to. xiii cent 

Ineip. — " Britannia insula a quodam Bruto, consule Romano 
*' dicta." 

X 2 



A.D. 687. 



324 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

ExpL "et in capitc anni lapis reperitur, et vocatur Lucli 

" Ecbach/* 

Tbia MS. (Petrie's AA., Stevenson's F.) is apparently a 
copy of MS. Cott Vespas. D. xxi. (No. 780), there being no 
difference between the iwo, except in a few unimportant 
verbal variations. 



782. De Britannia et ejus Mirabilibug ; inscribitar 

GUd©. 

MS. Cott Vespas. B. xxv. ft 126 b-HS b. veil, small folio, xii. cent 

Jncip. — « Britannia insula a quodam Bruto, consule Eomano, 

*' dicta." 

ExpL — "et in capite anni lapis reperitur, ct vocatur Luch 

« Echach. Explicit." 

This MS. is either a transcript of the MS. Cott. Vespas. 
D. xxi. (No. 780) or of a similar copy. The Cottonian 
Catalogue ascribes it to Gildas.* It is marked Z in Petrie's 
list, and C. in Stevenson's. 



783. Gildas Minor, aut Nennius. 

MS. Bodl. 163. 3. (2016). veil. 8va xii. cent 

A similar MS. to MS. Cott. CaUg. A. viii. (No. 779), but 
with a few verbal changes, as in MS. Dunelm. (No. 784), and 
a few interlinear glosses. After the words " in extremis 
^< iinibus cosmi," is a paragraph of about two pages and a 
half, commencing, " Quinquagesimo ergo quarto anno, hoc est, 
" sexto decimo anno cycli," and ending " vccxc. qui sunt ab 
" exordio mundi usque in praesens." 

It is marked as K. in Petrie's list. 



* In the margins of this MS. are several memoranda, and varions 
readings of no importance, from other MSS., in a hand of the sixteenth 
century, the first of which remarks is to the following effSect, *' Hie Liber 
" alibi inscribitur Oilda^.'* At the commencement of the Table of Con- 
tents, the fbllowing Note occurs, '* Liber Dompni Johannis Holyngbume, 
" Monachi Ecclesise Christi Gantaarisc, emptus a quodam fratre anno 

1543(?)pretioxxd." 



« 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 325 

784<. Gesta Britonum^ a Gilda Sapiente composita. A.D. 687. 

MS. Eccl. Danelm. B. ii. 35. 6. yelL large folia xii. cent 

Ruhr. — '^Incipit Eulogium breyisaimum Britannias insulse, 
** quod Nennius, Elvodugi discipulus, congrcgayit." 

Between the ** Eulogium " and the work itself a marginal 
Note stands thus " Res gesUe a Nennio Sapiente compositse, 
" do aetatibus mundi." 

This MS., marked C. in Petrio's list and N. in Steyenson's, 
has marginal insertions and interlineations, seemingly the 
result of collation. The additions are in a band nearly con- 
temporaneous with the text, and, from a note at the end of 
the " Mirabilia," it seems to baye been written A.D. 1 166. 

It agrees with MS. Bibl. du Roi, G274 (No. 786), but wants 
the additions of that MS., and is ascribed in the rubric to 
Gildas. It agrees also with the MS. Burney, 310 (No. 796) 
and MS. C. C. C. Cant. 139 (No. 789). 



785. Nennii Historia Britonum. 

MS. BibL Pab. Cant. Mm. 1. 29. veil xii. cent 

A very fine MS., similar to MS. Cott Calig. A. viii. (No. 779); 
also attributed to Gildas in the manuscript. 
It is denoted as L. in Petrie's list. 



786. Gesta Britonum a Gilda Sapiente edita. 

MS. BibL da Roi. 6274. 1. (Beg. 10, 508} olim Baloz. 852. veU. 4to. 

xii. cent 

Inc^,'^''^ A principio mundi usque ad Diluyium." 

Expl, — *' in extremis finibus cosmi." 

A fair MS., omittiug nearly all the passages whicjb are 
wanting in MS. Harl. 3869 (No. 778). After the " Mirabilia '' 
foUow Merlin's Prophecies, from Geoffrey of Monmouth. The 
work is attributed to Gildas. This copy is important as coin- 
ciding with the Vatican MS. (No. 815) in the date which it 
assigns to the composition of the work, thus (f. 26 b), ^^ Usque 
^' ad primum imperii annum Begis Eadmundi dcxlii. adhuc 
** (sic) in quo nos scribimus, annos traditione seniorum dcxlyij. 
** didicimus, quippe quia iste imperii quintus antedicti Regis 



326 DESOBIPnVE CATALOGUE OF XANUSCRIPTS BBLATIKQ 

A.D. 687. ** est Annua.'** The compiler of the present work possesses 
a transcript of this MS., which was made in the Ust century. 
It is marked N. in Petrie's List, and O. in Stevenson's. 



787. Nennii Historia Britonum. 

MS. BibL da BoL SappL Lat 165-16. TelL folio. ziL eent 

/iictp.-— ''Britannia insuhi a quodam Bruto, consule Bomano." 
This MS. yaries from most of the other copies, by the 

insertion, near its commencement, of a list of the British cities. 

It professes to have been written 647 years after the year 347, 

and consequently in A.D. 994 (see No. 786). 



788. MS. Bibl. da Bol S. Victor. 567. TeiL xu. cent 

This MS. (Q. in Petrie's list) omits the various passages 
omitted in MS. Harl. 3859 (No. 778), and those inserted 
in MS. Bibl. du Roi, 5232 (No. 794), and MS. BibL Pub. 
Rothomag. 123 (No. 795), but adds, '*ab Adam vero usque ad 
** Passionem Domini nostri Jesu Christi vccxcvii : a Christo 
'' usque ad secundum annum Regis Henrici Secundl Anglorum 
'< anni peracti sunt m.clvi." 

Nennius is here followed by a description of Britain firom 
Beda ; the succession of the Kings from Cerdic to Henry 11., 
with the length of their reigns, inserting the Dukes of Nor- 
mandy from Rollo ; the Archbishops of York and Canterbury ; 
the Bishops of Lindisfame ; the Kings of France, to Louis Y.; 
remarkable events from the death of Cuthbert, A.D. 687, to 
A.D. 1165 ; the concluding portion being an abridgment of 
Geoffirey of Monmouth. 

It seems to have been written after the accession of Henry H. 
or else copied not long after from a manuscript of that period ; 
and is apparently the production of a north of England 
Scriptorium. 

The principal work is attributed to Gildas. 

* Cf. p. 24, note IS, edit Stevenion. 



TO THE BIRLY HISTOBY OF GEEAT BBITAIN. 827 

789. Bes Geste a Nenio Sapiente composite. ^^* «87. 

MS. C. C. C. Cant 189. yelL anaU folio, dble cols. xiii. cent. 

Eubr, — ^'Incipit Eulogium Brevissimum Britaniii^B iosulae, 
<< quod NiniuBy Elvodagi diBcipuluB, congregavit." 

Incip.'^^** Ego Ninnius Elvodagi diBcipulus." 

Bubr,*"-^** Incipit Res Gestas a Nennio Sapiente compositse/' 

Jncip. — '' A principio muadi usque ad Diluyium.'' 

ExpU^^^^ in eztremiB finibus eo8mi.f " 

This MS., which is B* in Fetrie's and K. in Stevenson's 
listy Beems to have been written in the Scriptorium at 
Durham. It contains the Second of the two PrologueSy 
ascribing it to Nennius m the original handwriting of the 
MS, YariouB marginal and interlinear passages have been 
addediit seemingly from a MS, of the same description as that 
in the Public Library at Cambridge, Ff, 1, 27 (No, 777). In 
ita original form, before the additions ascribed to ^' Samuel 
were made, this MS. resembled the Cottonian MS. Nero. D. 
viii. 2. (No. 790.) 

Nasmith, in giving the title, has erroneously made two 
articles out of one. He numbers the ^^ Eulogium Brevissimum " 
as (22) and the '' Bes Gests " as (23). 



790. Exceptiones de Libre Gildse Sapientis, quern com- 
postdt de primis Habitatoribus BritannisB et de 
Excidio ejus. Sic inscribitur in Bubrica, est enim, 
revera, Nennii Historia Britonum ; cui subjungitur 
Tractatulus de Mirabilibus Britanniaa, qu^ sunt xtv 

MS. Cott. Nero. D. viii ff. 63-71. velL folio, xlii, cent. 

Bubr, — '^ Incipiunt Exceptiones de Libro Gild» Sapientis, 
'' quem composuit de primiB habitatoribus Britannise, quse 
<< nunc Anglia dicitur, et de Excidio ejus." 



♦ Marginal note. " Indpft Apologia Nennii Britonmn KUtoriografl.** 
t This is followed by " Vita sanetissiml atque doctissimi viri Gildae." 
X Many of these marginal additions haye been introduced into the text 
of other copies. 



328 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.n. 687. Incip, — ^* A principio mundi usque ad Dilaviam." 

ExpL — ** in extremis fiuibus cosmi." 

Colophon, — *' Explicit Mirabilia BritanniiB — ^Finit Liber 
'' Sancti Gildas Sapiends de primis habitatoribus Britannis 
'* oi dc excidio ejus/' 

A MS. similar to MS. C.C.C. Cant 139 (No. 789): 
a few of the nsual verbal variations are inserted in the 
margins bj a later hand. At the end of cap. 62 is also a 
note bj a modem hand, stating that here Gildas (t. e, Nennius) 
ends.* Dr. Gale refers to two MSS. in the Cottonian 
Collection as agreeing with this memorandum, but this is the 
only notice of the kind which has occurred among the copies 
either in that Collection or elsewhere. It is probable, however, 
that Gale might have referred, in part, to MS. Cott. VitelL 
£. 1., now either destrojed or lost. In Dr. Smith's Catal(^ue, 
published in 1696, this MS. is called ^'Gresta Britonum, a 
^ Gilda Sapiente composita ;" but in the Cottonian Catalogue 
the error has been corrected and the work attributed to 
Nenniu8.t 

It is marked G. in Petrie's list and E. in Stevenson's. 



791. GildsB Sapientis de Gestis Britonum Liber. 

t MS. Bibl. Beg. 13. D. v. S. ff. 38-43. Tell, iblio. dble cols. ziiL cent 

Bubr. — '* Incipiunt Gesta Britonum, a Gilda Sapiente com* 
" posita.*' 
Incip. — ** A principio mundi usque ad Diluvium." 
ExpL—** in extremis finibus cosmi.** 

Similar to MS. Cott. Nero. D. viii. (No. 790), or rather 
MS. Conybeare (No. 799), but with a few unimportant vetbal 
variations. It has been corrected in several places bj erasure, 
and omits the Genealogies, but contains the names of the cities 
and the *' Mirabilia." It is attributed to Gildas in the Catalogue. 

The MS. is marked S. in Petrie*s list and H. in Stevenson's. 

* ** Hie expliciant Gesta Britonain a Gilda Sapiente compoeita." 

f By an oyervight of the Bubricator this piece is made to form the 

Twelfth Book of Qeof&ey of Monmouth's ** Historia de Begibos Britonum," 

it immediately following his wotk. 

t This MS. formerly belonged to the Monastery of St. Albans. 



to THB EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 32d 

792. Nennii Historia Britonum. -^•^^ ^87. 

MS. ColL S. Johan. Baptist Oxoil 99. 3. veil, small folio. xUi. cent 

This MS* wants apparently, so far as it extends (for it is 
mutilated and ends abruptly at e. 38, *^ vero Germanus *' — )y 
all the interpolated passages. The *' Apologia ** seems to have 
been inserted after the MS. was begun ; at least, a portion of 
it only precedes the beginning, the remainder being written 
on the lower margin. This MS., marked F. in Petrie's list, 
formerly belonged to the Monastery of St. Mary of Jorevaulx. 
It resembles the MS. in C.C.C. Cant. 139 (No. 789), but is 
without the marginal or other additions. 



793. Nennii Historia Britonum. 

MS. BiU. Fab. Cant li. tI. 11. TeU. small folio, ziii cent 

A similar MS. to MS. Cott. Calig. A. viii. (No. 779). It is 
attributed to Gildas in the Manuscript. 
It is marked M. in Petrie's list. 



794f. Qildse Sapientis Liber de gentis Britonum Origine. 

Ma BibL da Boi, 6232. olim Colbert. TeU. ziii. cent 

This MS. omits all the passages wanting in MS. Harl. 
3859 (No. 778), as also the additions in MS. Bibl. Pub. 
Rothomag. 123 (No. 795), and MS. Bibl. du Roi, 6274 (No. 
786). It is assigned to Gildas, and is marked P. in Petrie's list. 



795. Qildae Historia'de Gestis Anglorum. 

MS. BibL Fab. Bothomag. 123. yell xiil cent. 

This MS. resembles that in the Bibl. du Roi, 6274, (No. 786) 
except that it wants the additions in Chapter 3, and the inser- 
tion in Chapter 28 of that MS. 

It is ascribed to Gildas, and is marked R. in Petrie^s list. 



330 DESCBIFnVE CATALOGUE OF MANUSOBIPTS BELAHNO 

A.D, 6«7, 796. Nennii Apologia Gentis Britonum. 

MS.B11n1e7.3iO. £ 315-330 b. yeU. folio, dble coU. Written A.D. 

1381. 

Ruhr, — " Incipit Eulogium Brevissimum Britannia^ insuke, 
" quod Ncnniusy Elvodugi discipulus, congregavit.* 

Incip. Eulogium. — ^ Ego NenniuSy Elvodugi diBcipulus.** 
ExpL Eulogium, — '' Cedo illi, qui plus noyerit in ista peritia 
•* quam ego." 

Eubr. — '< Explicit Eulogium — ^Incipit Gesta Britonum a 
" Gilda SapientCy aut Ncnnio^ composita.** 
Incip. Hist. — " A principio mundi usque ad Diluvium." 
Expl. Hist — ^' in extremis finibus cosmi.'* 
This MS.| marked G. in Stevenson's list, contains the shorter 
Prologue, and in its margins are some of the interpolatory 
passages, in which it agrees closely with MS. C.C.C. Cant. 
139 (No. 789), and MS. Eccl. Dunelm., B. ii. 35, (No. 784) ; 
it omits the Genealogies and preserves the names of the Cities 
and the ^^ Mirabilia," to which is added the rubric, ** Explicit 
" Gesta Britonum a Gilda Sapiente composita.'' 



797. Gildee Sapientis, de Rebus Gestis Britonum, Historia 

MS. Cott Jul. D. y. ff. 1-12 b. yeU. small 4to. xir, cent. 

i?tt6r.-*Incipit Res Gesta) Britonum^ a Gilda Sapiente 

" composite/' 
Incip. — ^^ A principio mundi usque ad Diluvium." 
Expl. — " in extremis finibus mundi. — ^Explicit.** 
A similar MS. to MS. Cott. Calig., A. viii. (No. 779), but 

a later copy. In the Cottonian Catalogue it is attributed to 

Gildas. 
Petrie marks it I. and Stevenson R. in their lists. 



798. Historia Britonum, a Gilda Sapiente. 

MS. Coll. Arm. ^orf. 80. yell. 4to. xiv. cent. 

Incip. — " A principio mundi." 

Written about the year 1300. The text seems to agree with 
MS. Bibl. Beg. 13. D. v. 2 (No. 791), but in the margins, and 



TO THE EABLT HISTOBT OF GREAT BRITAIN. 831 

sometimes as interlineations, are various readings from a copy A.D. 687. 
similar to that used by the compiler of Marcus Anachoreta, 
and also found, partly in the margins, partly in the text, of MS. 
Bibl. Pub. Camb. Ff. 1. 27. 8 (No. 777.) That these variations 
were not borrowed from Marcus directly, is evident from certain 
omissions and peculiarities. The work is attributed to Gildas. 
This MS., marked W. by Petrie, and P. by Stevenson, does 
not contain the Prologue, but begins with the first chapter. 
The Apologia and Genealogia are not given, and the list of 
the British cities is followed by the chapter *^ Do Mirabilibus 
" Britannia).'* 



799. Nennii Historia Britonum. 

MS. Conybeare (olim Dermg). velL xiv. cent 

This MS., marked T. in Petrie's list, omits, with but little 
variation, the same passages as MS. Hari. 8859 (No. 778), 
and also part of Chapter 12 of Gale's edition, apparently by 
mistake of the scribe. In its verbal variations it generally 
agrees with MS. Bibl. du Boi, 6274 (No. 786). 



800. Liber GildsB Sapientis, de Gestis Britonum. 

MS. C.C.C. Cant. 363. yell. xv. cent 

Similar to MS. Bibl. du Roi, 6274. (No. 786). It is 
preceded by a compressed analysis of ** Gildas de Excidio," 
to which author it is attributed* 

This MS. is marked O. in Petrio's list. 



801. Caradoci Lancarvanensis Historia BritonusL 

MS. Bibl. Beg. IS. B. vii. ff. 1-19 b. paper, small folio. xvL cent 

Subr„^^** Incipit Eulogium Brevissimum Britannisd insuls, 
*' quod Nennius, Elvodugi discipulusy congregavit." 
Incip. Eulogium. — " Ego Ninius, Elvodugi discipulus." 
ExpL Eulogium. — '^ quom ego." 



332 DESCRIPnYE CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 68>. Bubr, — ^' Explicit Eulogium. Incipit res gestas a Ninnio Sa- 
** piente compositse, de setatibus mundi." 

Inc^. — ** A principio mundi usque ad Diluvium*" 

EarpL — " in extremia finibus cosmi." 

The text in this MS.^ marked D. in Petrie's, and I. in 
Stevenson's list, resembles thai of MS. C. C. C. Cant 139. 
(No. 789), with a few slight variations ; but the marginal and 
interlinear additions of that copy are here incorporated in the 
text It wants the verses prefixed to that MS., and contains 
the shorter Prologue, the names of the Cities, and the '* Mlra- 
** bilia." It omits the Genealogies, and appears to have been 
copied from a MS. containing the lext as ai*ranged in MS. 
Bumey. 310. (No. 796). 



802. Oildse Sapientis, de Gestis Britonum, Liber. 

MS. BibL Beg. 13. B. xv. ff. 1-16. paper, folio. ztL cent 

Ruhr, — ^^Incipiunt gesta Britouum a Gilda Sapiente com- 
" posita." 

Incip. — '^ A principio mundi usque ad Diluvium.** 

ExpL — ^^ in extremis finibus cosmi." 

Apparently a copy of MS. Bibl. Reg. 13. D. v. (No. 791). 
It is assigned to Gildas ; and is marked U. in Petrie*s list^ and 
Q. in Stevenson's 



803. Exceptiones de Libre Gild» Sapientis de primis 

Habiiatoribus Britatmise. 

MS. Cott. Yitell. F. ix. S. 241 b-.251. paper, folio, xvi. cent 

Incip. — '^ Britannia igitur insula a quodam Bruto, consuic 
*< Romano, vocatur." 

Expl, — "et Valerianum, anni sunt 69." 

The fragment of a MS* on paper, much damaged by fire | 
so far as it goes, it seems to have been a copy of MS. Harl. 
3859 (No. 778). It ends with section 66, p. 56y of 
Stevenson's edition. It is ascribed to Gildas in the Cottonian 
Catalogue. 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITATN, 333 

804. Gildas, rectius Nennius, Chronicon Britannia^. A.D. C87. 

MS. Sloane. 4787. f. 111. paper, large 4ta xvii. cent. 

Incip. — '* Britannia igitur insula a quodam Bruto, Consule 
" Romano, Tocatnr," 

Expl, — " et Yalerianum, anni sunt sexaginta novem." 

Colophon. — ** Hie sequuntur qusedam Miracula^ non multie 
« fidei, etc" 

A modern transcript^ similar to MS. Cott. Yitell. F. ix. 
(No. 803). 



805. Nennii Bes Qestas Britonum. 

MS. C. C. C. Cant 101. pp. 7-43. paper folio, xvi. cent. 

Apparently the same text as that of MS. Bibl. Pub. Cant. 
Ff. 1. 27. (No. 777), with the addition of the "Mirabilia,'* and 
the omission of the prefatory matter^ * 

Petrie denotes this MS. as E. in his list. 



806. Nennii Historia de Britonibus, a vetustissimo ejus- 
dem HistorisB exemplari, in publica Academiie Can- 
tabrigiensis Bibliotheca reposito, descripta. 

MS. HarL 624. f. 35. paper folio, xvii. cent 

Incip, /V<^.— *^Humilis servorum Christi." 

Incip. Euhgium. — " Ego Nennius, Saneti Elbodi discipulus." 

After the Table of Chapters and the verses mentioned in 
No. 777 as being in the Cambridge MS 

Incip. Hist. — '* A principio mundi ad Diluvium." 

ExpL Hist — " in* extremis finibus cosmi." 

A transcript of the MS. Bibl. Pub. Cant. Ff. i. 27.; originally 
made for Sir Simonds d'Ewes. 



807. Nennii Historia Britonmn. 

MS. Hunter, Glasgow, paper, xvii, cent 

This is apparently a transcript of MS. Bibl. Pub. Cant. 
Ff. i. 27. (No. 777). It furnishes, however, a reading in the 



334 DESCBIPTiyE CilTALOGUE OF XAKDrflCBIPTB BEUTINa 

A.D. 687. Second Prologue, which ia peculiar to itself, and thus restores 
sense to a passage, which is unintelligible in all the other 
copies. This emendation, however, may possibly have been 
that of the transcriber of the MS. 
It is marked M. in Stevenson's list. 



808. Gildae (Nennii) Eulogium Britannise descriptum 

e variis MSS. ab ipso Usserio.* 

MS. Trin. ColL Dublin. 329 (469). 4to. 



809. Nennii, Britonum Historiographi, Eulogium Bri- 
iannise, sub Gildae Sapientis larva diu exceptum* 

MS. Trin. GolLIhiblin. 460 (600). 



810. Gesta Britonum, codex a Gilda oompositus. 

MS. olim More. Ep. Norwic. 91 (9277). yelL folio. 



811. Liber S. Gildse Abbatis de Gestis Anglorum. 

MS. olim More. Ep. Norwic. 2S9 (9475). yell 



812. Gildafi Sapiens, qualiter Angli inhabitant^ sive de 

GestLs Britonum. 

MS. olim More. Ep. Norwic (p. 390 a.) among the ^omissa.** 



* Archbiahop Usher oollated Tarlona BfSS. of Nennina, and apparently 
contemplated an edition ; see hia Letters, by Parr, p. 506, and Parr*8 laie, 
p. 7 7 . It ia probable that we have here the result of his inyestigations, so &r 
aa the text is concerned. 



l 



TO THE EABLY HISTOBY OF GBEAT BBTTAIN. 335 

813. QildflB Sapientis, aut potius Nennii, Historia A.D. 687. 

Britonum. 

MS. Trin. Coll Dublin. 284 (424). t 524. 



814. Gildas de primis Habitatoribus Britannisd. 

MS. Bibl. Fubl Bale. 



816. Historia Britonum, edita ab Anachoreta Marco, 

ejusdem gentis Episoopo. 

MS. Begin. Chxifitin. Vatican., 1964. yell. z. cent. 

/««p.— * " Ab Adam usque ad Diluvium." 

Ej^L — ^'et quicumquo hoc legerit in melius augeatur, 
" praBstante Domino."t 

It was from this MS., denoted as BB, by Petrie, and as 
A. by Stevenson, that the Rev. W. Gunn printed " Nennius " 
as the production of Mark the Anchorite, Svo. Lend. 1819. 

Mark the Anchorite is unknown to English Bibliographers, 
and no other information respecting him or th^ time in which he 
lived is to be gleaned from the pages of the work thus ascribed 
to him, beyond a reference to the year 946 or 947, which would 
imply that he was alive in those years. On this subject, 
Mr. Stevenson's critical remarks will not be out of place : — 

" There appears to be evidence to show, however, either that 
^* these passages have been added at a later period, or that the 



* Thu MS. doea not contain the Prologoea, Qenealogiea, or Mirabilia ; 
it exhibits several important variations from the usual text of Nennlns, and 
states that it was written in the fiAh year of the reign of Bdmmid king of 
England. It inserts the names of the nine Boman Emperors who were 
more immediately connected with Britain, and then introduces the title of 
the work as follows; *'Incipit Istoria Brittonum, edita ab Anachoreta 
** Marco, ejosdem genlis Episcopo," thereby warranting the conclusion that 
the whole of the matter preceding those words forms no part of the original 
composition. 

This MS., therefore, is of great critical value, as affording several 
important data for the solution of the enquiry respecting the component 
parts of the '* Historia Britoonm." 

f The Legend of St Patrick, forming an integral part of the '* Historia 
*' Britonum " in all other manuscripts, is appended to this as a distinct 
work, with a separate eolophon« 



336 DESCBIPnTE CATALOGUE OF KANUSCBIPTS BELATINQ 

A.D. 687. ** claimB of Mark to the authorship of the ^Hifttoria Britonum* 
** are without foundation. Constantiua Hericus, an author of 
** considerable reputation, wrote an account of the Life and 
** Miracles of St. Gormanus, which he dedicated to the Emperor 
" Charles the Bald, in A.D. 876, or, at latest, in 877. He there 
*^ cites, as his authority for several miracles wrought by 
^^ Grermanus, the testimony of * a certain holy old man named 
'' ' Mark,' a Bishop of the British nation, and a native of that 
** island ; concerning whom he gives further particulars. Nor 
'^ should we fail to remark that this Heric quotes, as from the 
^' dictation of Mark, the adventures of Grermanus and the cow- 
" herd, which find a place in the ' Historia Britonum.' That 
*^ Mark the Hermit^ who was an old man in A.D 876, should 
'^ have survived until 946, is an improbable supposition ; and 
** yet the close manner in which his name is identified with 
** at least a component part of the present work, through 
" the undisputed authority of Heric, is enough to prevent 
** us from seeking elsewhere for the author of that portion." 



816. " Leabhar Bresathnach annso sis." The Irish version 
of the " Historia Britonum " of Nennius. 

MS. Trin. ColL Dublin, H. iii. 17. p. 806. xiv. or xv. cent. 
* MS. Royal Irish Academy, xiv. cent 
fMS. Royal Iriah Academy, xt. cent 

This Treatise has been translated and edited by the Rev. 
Dr. Todd for the Irish Archaeological Society, (4to Dublin, 
1848) accompanied by an Introduction and copious Notes by 
the Hon. Algernon Herbert. The text is derived from three 
Irish MSS. { viz.— 

(1.) The "Leabhar Breathnach." 

(2.) The Irish Nennius in the « Book of Ballymote." 

(3.) The Irish Nennius in the " Book of Lecan." 

And from various fragments. 



* This MS. ia called the <<Book of BaUymote.*" 

t This MS. ia called the *<Book of Lecan." A portion of it is in Trin. 
ColL Dublin, H. ii. 17. to which College the whole of it fbrmerly belonged. 

X The earliest existing translation of Nennins into Irish seems to have 
been made in the year 1050 ; but an earlier one is suspected to have been 
made by the Irish historiographer Guanacb. 



TO THE EABLY HISTOBY OF GREAT BETTAIN. 337 
This edition (which appeared after those of ]!^. Stevenson A.D.687. 



and Mr. Petrie) seems to throw new light upon some of the 
difficulties in the history of Nennius, and may be consulted 
with advantage. 



A 



817. Nennii Historia Britonum, ex Libre de Ballimote. 

MS. Fhillipps. 10272. paper 4to. xiz. cent 

This appears from the title to be a transcript of MS. Trin. 
Coll. Dublin, H. iii. 17, or the second MS. mentioned in No. 
816. 



Brutus.— A.D. 689. A.D. 689. 

818. Historia Compendiosa de Begibus Britonum, 
auctore Badulpho de Diceto. 

MS. Amndel, Brit Mus. 220. ff. 95-99 b. yell. 4ta ziv. cent 

MS. Cott Jul. D. yi. 

Indp. — '* Brutus primus de genere Britonum.*' 
ExpL — ** annis ante adventum Normannorum. Hroc Brome." 
This piece is published in the XV. Scriptores, p. 553, 
It is an abridgment of Geoffrey of Monmouth, with a few 
unimportant additions from Beda, Alfred of Beverley, and 
Ralph de Diceto. 

It would seem that the only reason for ascribing this treatise 
to Ralph de Diceto, is that the compiler (whoever he may have 
been) has mode much use of that writer's works. It forms 
part of what is called, " Suppletio Historisd Regum Anglias, 
" quantum ad Reges Saxonum, Danorum, et Normannorum, 
** Johannis Pike." The author repeatedly refers to a former 
compilation, thus, " Htec Breom " or '^ Brom " or '' de compen- 
dio Brom ;"* which has been erroneously read by Wharton 
De Compendio Brevi." 

* Turner C'BiUiotheoa,"p. 121) has the following notice of << Brom ":— 
*' Bramis [Johannes] monachos Thetfordensis, diversos a Johanne Bromio 
*• Augnstiniano, et antiqaior : videtnr enim sspins citari, sea abbreyiatos 
*' esse a Radolpho Diceto in Historia regum Britonum inter XV. Histor. 
*< Oalei, Oxon. 1689. p. 553. In Catalogo Scriptomm Hist per Fr. Thin. 
*< apod Hollinsh. vol. ii. 1589, occurrit Johannes Bramns, non Bromus, nt 
** habet Baleus, monachos Thetfordiensis : itaJoh. Londinensis, lib. 1. 
" Antiq. Cant, p. 36, nbi ait earn Historifon Waldei, Norfolcia) et Saffoleise 
** olim regis, Uteris consignasse." 

VOL. T. ==""-^ Y 



838 DESCBiPnvE catalogue of manuscripts relating 

A.D. 689. A-D. 689. 

819. Paado S. Indracti, Maxtyris, auctore Quilielmo 

MalmesburiensL 

MS.BodLDigby, 112.£95. veil. 4to. xiL cent. 

Incip. — ^'Regnante in perpetuum Domino et Salvatore 
** nostro JesQ Christo.'* 

ExpL — ^^ sit decus potestasquCy Spiritui Paradeto, in saecula 
^* ssculomm. Amen." 

This Passion has been abridged by Capgraye, who has 
made varioos additions. 

The Bollandists (Acta Sanctorum, 1. 688. 5 Feb.) print 
Capgrave's abridgment, beginning ^^ Postquam vero B. Patri- 
** cins populum." 

In the days of Ina, the successor of Ceadwall, Eing of the 
West Saxons (who died at Rome in the year 689), Indract, 
the son of a certain Irish King, with nine followers, went on a 
pilgrimage from Ireland to Rome (^'quod ea tempestate 
*' magnse virtutis £estimabat\ir **), and, after adoring the saints, 
he determined to visit St. Patrick's tomb at Glastonbury on 
his return. When the party came to Hywise near Pedred, 
the residence of King Ina, they were observed by the ser- 
vants of Huma (Hunna ?), a nobleman, who had pitched hia 
tents there on account of some excellent pasture. Their ap- 
pearance excited the cupidity of the unscrupulous chieftain. 
They carried large pallets stuffed (among other things) with 
parsley and various kinds of seeds, which they proposed 
carrying to Ireland ; their staves, too, after the Irish manner, 
were tipped with brass, which looked like gold. Huma's 
people murdered them for their supposed wealth, but a mira- 
culous light from heaven revealed the crime ; their murderers 
became mad and tore each other in pieces. The king ordered 
their bodies to be removed to Glastonbury, where they were 
buried on either side of the altar, under pyramids. 

A transcript of this Life is among the collections of the 
compiler of the present work. 

Malmesbury is careful to let the reader know that he has 
inserted nothing but what he found in an English account of 
their martyrdom. 



TO THB EARLY HISTOBT OF OBEAT BRITAIN. 339 

820. De S. Indracto et Sooiis ejus, Martyiibus. AJ). 689, 

MS. Cott Tiber. £. 1. ff. 124b-125. 

MS. BodL Tanner. 15. veil, folio, xy. cent. 

MS. Bodl. 240. p. 598 (2469). 

Incip.-^** Postquam vero Beatus Patridus populum," 

ExpL — '* quae legerat exponebat.'* 

Printed in Gapgraire's '^ Nova Legenda AngliaB,'* abridged 
from Malmesbury's text. For a description of the first two 
MSS., see Nob. 35 and 38. 



A.D. 689.* 
821. Vita S. Kiliani. 

t MS. Harl. 2801. ff. 54 b-56. yelL large folio. xiL cent. 

/nctp. Prol, — '* Sanctomm Martjrum certamina." 

Incip. Passio.^^*Be9,i\xs Kilianus, Scotorom genere,nobilibus 
*' ortus parentibus, diyin® tamen gratisQ factus est nobilitate 
^* darissimus. Scotia, quce et Hibernia dicitur, insula est maris 
" Oceani, foecunda quidem glebis, sed sanctissimis clarior 
^' viris ; ex quibus Columbano gaudet Italia, Gallo ditatur 
** Alemannia, Kiliano Teutonica nobilitatur Francia." 

ExpL PasHo, — '^ manifestare curabimus, ad laudem et glo- 
'* riam Domini nostri Jesu Christi, qui cum Patre et Spiritu 
'^ Sancto vivit et regnat Deus per infinita saecula sasculorum. 
" Amen." 

Printed by Canisius (Antiq. Lect. iv. 625), and by Serarius 
(0pp. p. 829. Ed. Mogunt. 1611. fol.), and reprinted from that 
text in the *' Acta Sanctomm," ii, 614-618 (8 July), and Burius 
(Vit» Sanctorum), 8 July, p. 135. 

Kilian was bom in Ireland, and became missionary bbhop 
of Franconia. His Life was written, it is supposed, by Egil- 
ward, a monk of St. Burchard of Wurtzburg, but it has been 
interpolated with subsequent additions. 

* There is great uncertainty abont the date of St Eilian's death : it is 

placed by some authorities as late as A.D. 750. 
f This MS. omits the last sentence of the printed text, and ends 
terminum narrationis ponamus, ipso a^juyante qui in Trinitate perfecta 

**^ yiyit et regnat Deus per infinita siecula seecnlorum. Amen." 



t2 



M 



340 DESCBIFTIYE CATALOGUE OF MAMTTSCBIPTS BRLATINO 

A .D. 689. 822. Vita S. KiUani. 

MS. Admont 

Inc^ — ** Fait vir vitae venerabilis nomine Killena, qiiem 
^' Scottica tellus de inagno edidit genere.** 

ExpL — *^ regnante Pippino, primo Orientaliam Francorum 
" Rege feliciter." 

Printed in the ''Acta Sanctoram/' ii. 612-614 (8 July), 
from a MS. in possession of the Editors, collated with other 
MSS. and with the text of Canisius (Antiq. Lect. iv. 625). 
'' Ex MSS. Monasteriorum Windburgensis et Rebdorfensis." 
The text of Canisius is reprinted in Mabillon's ''Acta Sanct. 
"Ord. Bened./'ii. 951. 



823. De S. Eiliauo cum Sociis suia, Martyribu& 

Incip. — " Beatus Kilianus, genere Scotorum, nobilibus ortus 

" parentibus." 

ExpL — " corpora sanctorum rerelavit, et visum recepit." 
This piece seems to bo an abridgment of the Life as printed 
by Canisius (see No. 821). It is printed in Capgrave's *'NoTa 
*' Legenda Angliae," but does occur in John of Tinmouth's 
" Sanctilogium/' as found in MS. Cott. Tiber. £. i. and MS. 
Bodl. Tanner, 15. 



824. Legenda in festo S. Eiliani. 

MS. Amndel. Brit Mus. 198. £ 28. yell, small 4to. xiii. cent 

Tndp, — " Sanctus Eilianus, Scotus nobilis.'' 
This piece is short and apparently of no value. 



825. Passio Chiliani, Martyris, et aJiorum Sociorum ejus. 

MS. Admont 

Inc^, — " Fuit in Britannia insula^ provincia Northanumbra, 
" quidam paterfamilias, genere Saxo, nomine Uuillgis, frc.** 



TO THE EABLY HISTOBT OF GBEAT BRITAIN. 341 

826. Vita S. KiKani. A.D. 689, 

MS. InsoliSy apad Claudiiim Boresmieolx. 

lucip, — " Puit vir vitae venerabilis in Hiberni% Eilianus." 
See ** Sanderi Bibliotheca Belgica Manuscripta,*' p. 262. 



827. Vita S. Eiliani Sociorumqae ejus. 

MS. BibL dtt Roi, 6278, 57. olim Colbert. velL xiii. or xiv. cent. 

MS. Bibl. de la ville de Metz. rea 8Ta 

MS. BibL Ducum Burgondis, Bmxell., 8942. xyuL oent 

Doo MSS. Bamberg. 

MS. Hamburg. 

MS. Stuttgart 

Duo MSS. Viennens. 

MS. Wnrtzburg. 



A.D. 689. 
828. Qalfridi Monumetensis, cognomento Arturi, de 
Origine et Gestis Regum BritanniaB, Libri xii. 

* MS. Bibl. Pub. Cant. li. i. 14. veil, small 4to. xii. cent. 
MS. Cott Nero D. iriii. ff. 3-63. Tell, folio, dble cols. xii. cent, 
t MS. Cott. Titus. C. xvii. yell. 4to. xii. cent 
t MS. Harl. 225. ff. 3>78. yell, long 4to. xii. cent 
§ MS. Harl. 536. ff. 56-61. yell. 4to. dble cols, xii cent 

I MS. Harl. 8773. ff. 7-57. yell, large 4to. xii. cent 
^ MS. Harl. 6358. ff. 1-58 b. yell, small 4to. xii. c«nt 



* This copy iras apparently made during the Author's lifetime, and 
before his last recension, as it wants the last Chapter and the last sentence 
of the preceding Chapter. It ends thus, " sub Duce Adelstano, qui primus 
** inter eos diadema portayit Explicit" The margftaal headings, through- 
out a great portion of the yolume, haye been made in a late hand, supposed 
to haye been that of Mark Broughton. 

t This MS. has marginal notes and additions in contemporary hands, 
irith some of a later date. 

X This MS. adds, after the words **transferre curayi,** ''Katarticum 
** magnum imperiale," and ends abruptly. 

§ This is a mere fragment, beginning '* [cate]nam istam et nisi ** (lAbt 
yiii c 8, 1. 12, Ed. Giles), and ending <* contra turmam AchiUi Begis." 
(Lib. X. c. 9, L 18, Ed. Giles). 

I This MS. begins with Lib. ii» c. 11, «< Dato igiturBladud." 

^ The last few words of this MS. haye been added by a modem hand« 



342 DEscaiFnyE catalogue of hanttscbipts belatiko 

A.D. 689. * MS. BibL Beg. 4. C. xi. ft 232-849. Tell. foUo. dble cols. xiL cent 
t MS. BibL Beg. 13 D. ii ff. 124-17db. yell. foUo. dble eob. xii. cent 
X MS. AnmdeL Brit Mob. 10. yelL folio. AHe cola. xiL cent 
§ MS. ArondeL Brit Mas. 403. veil. 4ta ziL cent 

MS. Lansdowne. 732. yell. 8yo. xiL cent 
I MS. Addit Brit Mns. 15732. velL 4to. xlL cent 
% MS. Bodl. 514 (2184) ff. l-34b. velL 4to. dble cols. xii. cent 
** MS. BodL BawL B. 168. yell. 4to. xiL cent 
tt MS. Bodl. BawL a 152. ff. 99-182. yelL folio. xiL cent 
MS. Bodl. Fairfax. 28 (3908). yelL 4to. ^IL cent 
XX MB. BibL Pub. Cant l>d. yi. 12. ff. 1-106. yelL snudl 4to. xlL eent 
§§ MS. C. C. C. Cant. 292. yell. 4to. xii. cent 
MS. CoU. Magd. Oxon. 170. yell, small 4to. xii. cent 
MS. Coll. Magd. Oxon. 171. yell, small 4to. xii. cent 
IID MS. FhiUipps. 11603. yell, folio, xii. cent 
MS. BibL de TEcole de Medecine, Montpellier, 378. yell. 4to. xii. cent 



* This MS. begins with cap. 2. **MneBa post Trojannm bellnm," the 
Frefiuse and first Chapter being at the end, on f. 249. 

f At the end is this Note, in the same hand as the rest of the M& 
'* Liber Monachomm S. Maris de Margan." 

^ On the first leaf of this MS. is written *' Historia Britonnm Gaofiridi 
** Monnmetensis. Liber EoclesisB Cameracensis." 

I This MS. begins near the end of Lib. y. cap. 10. '^Conano post 
** banc petitionem," and ends with the first four words of Lib. ix. 
" Defhncto igitnr Hns Fendragoa Con.** .... 

H The last thirteen folios haye been added by a hand of the zr. century. 

% ** Liber Sanctse Mariie de Joreyalle." 

** The original hand ends at £ 54 b (Lib. xi. c 13), <<Edelfiidns Bex 
*' Nortanhumbrorum proelium iniyit cum Brocmail," whence it has been 
continued on fiye leayes of pf^er, by Heame, firom a MS. then in the 
possession of William Beket of Abingdon. 

ft The original hand ends at the bottom of f. 181 " et coUato pixelio, 
** in loco qui Bume yocatur, iiruit in ilium Feanda atque int^^dt *' 
(Lib. xii. c 10.). The MS. is then continued in another hand. It \b 
imperfect at the conclusion. Li a modem hand is written, '^Deaont 
*' paginsB fere tres, codex enim desinit in f. 100 b. lin. Sva., Editionis 
^ Ascensiane, An. 1517.** This MS. has marginal notes, many of wlu<^ 
are contemporary. 

XX There are a few interlinear and other notes in French. Many of the 
marginal notes haye been curtailed by the binder. 

§§ Imperibct at the conclusion, which is '^ maritem illod ....** 
The MS. is supposed to represent the work in its earliest ft>nn, and 10 
diyided into four Books. 

Illl At the end of the last line is written, in a smaller and contemporaiieoitf 
hand, ** Ego Galfiridus Monnmetensis," which has led to the belief that ft is 
the signature of Geoffirey himselfl The MS. at one time belonged to th« 
Abbey of St Martin of Tours, and afterwards to H. Bright, Esq. 



TO THB EAJRLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 343 

MS. Bibl. de TEcole de Medecine, Montpellier, 92. folio, ui. cent. A.D. 689. 

MS. Bibl. de la Yille de LiUe. D. x. 32. veil. zii. cent. 

MS. Begin. Christinse, Vatican. 962. yell, small folio, xii. cent. 

MS. LaurentianiB Medicese, Florentise. iv. 506. xii. cent 

MS. Monast S. Manse, Florentise. xii. cent. 

* MS. Cott. Galba. E. xi. ff. 2-58, tcU. folio, dble cols. xiii. cent. 

MS. Cott Vespas. A. xxiii. ff. 4-106b. yell. 4to. xiii. cent. 

MS. Cott Titos. A. xyiii. ff. 13-82. yell. 4to. xiii. cent 

t MS. Bibl. Beg. 13 D. y. ff. 1-37 b. yell, folio, dble cols. xiii. cent. 

X MS. Arundel. Brit Mus. 237. yell, small folio, xiii. cent 

§ MS. Arundel. Brit Mas. 319. ff. 16-97 b. yell. 8yo. xiii. cent 

li MS. AnmdeL Brit Mas. 409, ff. 54>76. yeil. 8yo. xiii. cent 

^ MS. Bodl. Laud. Misc. 664 (1048). f. 115. yell. 4to. xiii. cent 

MS. Coll. Trin. Cant B. 7. 28. (445.) yelL 12mo. xiii. cent 

** MS. S. Job. Cant G. 16. 2. yell. 4to. xiii. cent 

ft MS. ColL Caii et Gony. Cant 103. 2. yell, folio, xiii. cent 

MS. Phillipps. 18 (? 58). olim Bibl. Boyez. yelL xiii. cent 

MS. Phillipps. 32. yell, folio, xiii. cent 

MS. Phillipps. 203. yelL ]2mo. xiii. cent 

MS. Phillipps. 2324. yell. xiii. cent 

Xt MS. Thorpe. 1393. yell. xiii. cent 

MS. Lambeth. 505, yell. 4to. xiii. cent 

§§ MS. Pouce. 115. 1. yell. 4to. xiii. cent 

MS. Bibl. du Roi. 5233. olim Colbert, yell. xiii. cent 

MS. Bibl. da Boi. 5234. olim Faurian. yell. xiii. cent 



* The text in this MS. is preceded by a Table of Chapters ; it end« 
abruptly, ** ut pristines potestati restitueretur . . ." (Lib. xii. c. 17.) 

f This MS. formerly belonged to the Abbey of St Alban's. 

X This MS. wants the Preface, and begins, '* .^neas post Trojanum 
^ bellom." It ends with the words, " et maximam partem sui ex[ercitu8].'' 
(Lib. xiL c. 10, 1 8, Ed, Giles.) 

§ This MS. ends abruptly, "Mustensar rex Africanorum, Alphationa 
«... ." (Lib. X. c 1, 1, 7, Ed. Giles.) 

I This MS. begins abruptly, « . . . . Rex Hispaniee, Hirtatius, 
** Bex Parthorum, Boccos." (Lib. x. c. 1.) 

^ This MS. ends abruptly with the words, **m hssc rerba clamarent** 
(Ed. Giles. 8yo. Lond. 1844. p. 221. 1. 4.) 

** This copy is in four Books. Tanner supposes that the work was 
originally only in four Books, and that it was afterwards distributed into 
eight, and then into twelye Books. See Note §§ preceding. 

ff Imperfect at the end. This note occurs at p. 4, '* Stephanas Yalen- 
** geriuB, Socius Collegii Goneyille et Caii, dono dedit Ck>llegio prsdicto, 
** anno Domini 1567." 

XX T^^ notice of this MS. occurs in Thorpe's Catalogue for 1836, 
p. 407. It is there said to be imperfect 

§§This MS. begins with Lib. 1. cap. 2, ^'.^neas post Trojanum 
" bellum." 



344 DESCBimYB CATALOGUE OF MANUSCBIFTS RELATING 

A.D. 689. ^^' BiU. da Boi. 6S30. oUm Colbert YeU. xiiL cent 

Ma BibL da BoL 6S31. olim Bigot. velL ziii. cent 

* MS. BibL da BoL 6275. olim Patean. yelL 8to. xiiL cent 

MS. BibL da BoL 8501. a. 9. olim Patean. yelL ziii. cent 

MS. BibL 8. Generi^re, Puis. O. L. L 4. tcIL xiiL cent 

MS. Vatican. S005. tcIL ziiL cent 

t MS. Bern. Tell. ziii. cent 

MS. BibL Daeom Borgondis, BrozelL 9874. ziiL cent 

MS. Stockholm* TelL folio, ziii. cent 

( MS. HarL 3899. velL 8to. zIt. cent 

§ MS. HarL 4003. £ 81-141 b. relL tmall 4to. ziv. cent 

I MS. HarL 4123. £ 1-49. velL fblio. dble cola. ziv. cent 

MS. BibL Beg. 13. A. iii. tcIL 8to. zir. cent 

% MS. BibL Beg. 13. A. v. £ 99-161 b. tcIL 4to. ziv. cent 

MS. BibL Beg. IS. D. L£ 216-253 b. ycU. folio, dble cols. zlv. cent 

** MS. BibL Beg. 14. C. L ff. 80-137. TelL Iblio. zly. cent 

tt MS. BibL Beg. 15. C. ztL ff. 146-183 b. tcIL ibUo. dble ooU. 

sir. cent. 
tt MS. ArandeL Brit Moa. 220. tt. 4-44. relL 4ta ziy. cent 
§§ MS. AnmdeL Brit Mas. 326. ff. 63-122 b. TelL 8yo. zIt. cent 
MS. Bodl. 283 (2188). ff, 1-105. velL fblio. dUe cols. ziv. cent 

* This MS. is imperfect at the beginning. 

t This edition is dedicated to King Stephen, and not, like the others, 
to Bobert Earl of Gloucester. See p. 350, note *. There is no division 
into Books. 

t This MS. wants the Pre&ce ; as far as Book zii. c. 14, the text 
appears to be nearly the same as that of Geoffrey, bat the rest is altered 
and abridged. It ends, **Ante istnm Alnredam fiierant molti Reges 
** Sazonum in diversis partibns Anglis, de qaibus omnibos post in com- 
** pendio Brome vide. Hie ezplicit Historia de Begibos Britonam." The 
remainder of the MS. is to be found in MS. Gott Jul. D. tL £ 1. This 
fine MS. contains also the Froi^ecies of Merlin. 

§ This MS. has numerous marginal Notes in a contemporary hand« 

II Hie Colophon of the MS. contains the name of the scribe. ** £z- 
*' plicit Historia de gestis Begum Britannia, quam Bruti appellamns, quam 
** scripsit Albertus.** 

^ This MS. irants the Fre&ce, and ends with the words ^ perdltom 
<< irent *' (Lib. zL c 13, L 9» Ed. GUes). 

** This MS. is part of the first book of the "Historia Anglicana" of 
Bartholomew Cotton ; the second and third Books of which are to be foaiid 
in MS. Cott Nero» C. v. 1 160. 

ff This Note occurs at^the end, ** Liber Domus Sancti Thoms de Aeon 
** Londoniie, ez dono Domini Jacob! Comitis OnnundiA." 

tt This MS. is in the same hand, and contains the same tezt as M& 
HarL 3899, and MS. Cott JuL D. tL f. 1. see note t abore. 

§§ This MS. ends abruptly, ''coosilio eorum coUegcront grandem 
" [ezercitum] " (Lib. zL c. 13, L 10, Ed. Giles). 



TO THK EARLY HISTORT OF GREAT BRITAIK. 345 

♦ MS. Bodl. 622 (2156). ff. 12-112. veil. 8to. xiv. cent A.D. 689. 

t MS. Bodl. Land. Misc. 720 (1062). ff. 3-134 b. veil 4to. xiv. cent 
t MS. Bodl Tanner, 195. ft 1-98. veil 4to. xiv. cent 
§ MS. Bibl Pub. Cant D d. 1. 17. veil, large folio, xiv. cent 

M& G. G. G. Gant 281. veil 4to. xiv. cent 
MS. Goll Trin. Gant R. 7. 6. (366.) veil. 8va xiv. cent 

MS. Trin. Goll Gale. O. 1. 17. veil. 4to. xiv. cent 

MS. S. Job. Bapt Gant G. 83. 2. veil. snuOl 4to. xiv. cent 

% MS. Goll Omnium Animarmn, Oxon. 35. ff. 153-180. veil 4to. 

xiv. cent 

** MS. Goll. Arm. 1 . ff. 55-91. veil, folio, xiv. cent 

ft MS. Lambeth. 118. t 170. veil felio. xiv. cent 

MS. Lambeth. 379. ff. 1-69. veil. 4to. xiv. cent 

MS. Lambeth. 454. ff 28-124. veil 4to. xiv.cent 

MS. Fhillippa. 3117. veil folio, xiv.cent 

MS. Forkington. 17. veil 8vo. xiv. cent. 

MS. Bibl dn Roi. 4126. 27. olim Golbert veil. xiv. cent 

MS. Bibl du Roi. 4999. a. 8. veil. xiv. cent 

MS. Bibl du Roi. 5508. olim Colbert veil. xiv. cent 

MS. Bibl. dn Roi. 6039. olim Antonii Lancelot xiv. cent 

MS. Bibl du Roi. 6040. olim Antonii Lancelot veil. xiv. cent 

MS. Bibl du Roi. 6041. olim Mazarin. veil. xiv. cent 

MS. Bibl du Roi. 6041. a. olim Rogerii de Gaignieres. veil. xiv. cent. 

MS. Bibl du Roi. 6041. b. olim Rogerii de Gaignieres. veil. xiv. cent 

MS. Bibl du Roi. 6232. olim Golbert. veil. xiv. cent. 

MS. Bibl. du Roi. 6233. olim Golbert veil xiv. cent 

}} MS. Bibl du Roi. 6432. 2. olim Golbert. veil. xiv. cent 

MS. Bibl. dn Roi. 6815. 7. veil. xiv. cent 

MS. Bibl du Roi. 7531. 9. veil xiv. cent 

MS. Vatican. 218. veil xiv. cent 



* On £ 11 b are these words "Liber Domini Johannis More, emptus a 

Magistro Thoma Stirke ; et jam Magistri Johannis Gole, de dono Domini 
•• Johannis Glerk ;" on the bottom of the same page in the MS. occurs, 
" Liber WiUelmi Dekynton." 

t This MS. is apparently from the Durham Scriptorium. 

X Lnperfect at the beginning **» . . . copiam Norguenwensium 
** paratoqne navigio ;" Ed. Paris, An. 1508, f. 17 b. 

§ This MS. begins with the last few lines of Lib. vil 

H This MS. is in very bad condition ; a great portion of it has been 
obliterated by an injudicious application of tincture of gall The MS. came 
to the GoOege through Thomas, Earl of Southampton. 

^ It has this Note annexed, *«Iste Mt Liber quondam Sancti Martini 
** Lovaniensis, et emptus fuit ex Bibliotheca Gudiana." 

** Dr. John Dee, to whom this book once belonged, has written many 
notes in the margin of the volume. 

ff As far as Lib. v., cap. 12, is wanting. 

Xi Imper^t both at the beginning and endj 



«« 



346 DESCBIPTIVfi CATALOGUE OF MAKU8CRIFIB BELATING 

A.D. 689. MS. Vatican. 956. velL ziv. cent 

MS. Vatican. 962. yeU. xIt. cent. 

MS. Begin. Ohriatlnffi, Vatican. 218. velL xiv. cent 

MS. Begin. Christins, Vatican. 825. Tell. 4to. xiy. cent. 

MS. Begin. ChriatinaSy Vatican. 871. veil. xiy. cent 
MS. Ottobon. BomfB. 1472. f. 92. yell. 4to. xiy. cent 
MS. Bibl. Dacum Burgnndis. Bmxell. 8536. xiy. cent 
MS. Cott Qeop. D. yiii. ff. 8-94. yell. 4to. xy. cent 
MS. Sloane. 289. fL 134^197. yell. 8yo. xy. cent 
MS. Harl. 4887. ff. 1-5 b. yell, folio, xy. cent 
* MS. Bodl. Bawl B. 189. ff. 4-119. yell, large 4to. xy. ceot 
MS. Bodl. Land. Misc. 579. (1496) S. 1-136. yeU. xy. cent 
MS. Bibl. Pnb. Cantl>d.yi. 7. ff. 6b-152. yell. 8yo. xy. cent 
MS. Bibl Pub. Cant. £e. 1.24. paper. 8yo. xy. cent 
t MS. Bibl. Pnb. Cant Ff. 1. 25. yell, folio, xy. cent 
MS. Trin. ColL Cant B. 5. 34 (268.) paper. 4to. xy. cent 
M& Trin. ColL Gale. O. 2. 21. yelL 4ta xt. cent 
MS. Coll. Caii et Gony. 249. 5. yeU. folio, dble cols. xy. cent 

MS. Coll. Omn. Aninuinun, Oxon. 89. yeU. 4to. xy. cent 

MS. CoU. Oriel. Oxon. xyi. 2. fil 9 b-47. yelL folio, xy. cent 

MS. Coll. Noyi, Oxon. 276. yell, small 4to. xy. cent 

MS. ColL Jesu, Oxon. 2. paper 4to. xy. cent 

§ MS. Thorpe. 414. yell, folio, dble cols. xy. cent 

MS. Lambeth. 401. ff. 19-100. yeU. 4to. xy. cent. 

MS. Donee 207. 4. £ 235 b. yell, folio, xy. cent 

MS. BibL da Boi. 5697. 2. olim Masarin. yell, folio, xy. cent 

MS. BibL dn Boi. 6041. c olim Colbert yell. xy. cent 

MS. BibL dn BoL 6041. d. yelL and piq>er. xy. cent 

MS. BibL Pnb. Cant Dd. iy. 34. yelL 4to. dble cols. xyL cent 

MS. ColL Caii et Gony. 450. paper, folia xyi. cent 

II MS. Bodl. BawL B. 148. yeU. 8yo. dble col& 

% MS. Coll. Caii et Gony. Cant 406. yell. 4ta 

MS. ColL Jesos Cant 2. 
MS. CoU. Sidney Sussex. Cant E. iy. 13 (738.) 



* On the reyerse of f. 3, this inscription occnrs — ** Liber Prioratns de 
*< Hatfeld Peyerell, ex dqno Domini Johannis Bebuth, de licentia 
« Willehni Abbatis." 

f This MS. has a Table of Chapters prefixed. 

X TMs MS. contains only the first three Books. The Colophon is, 
" Hie explicit tertios liber Galfridi Monometensis, et desunt libri de 
" Historia sex.** 

§ This MS. occmrs in Thorpe*s Catalogue for 1836, p. 99« 

II The Colophon of this MS. is, 

'' Librum scribendo compleyi fine jocundo, 
Promisso pretio sum dignns jure peracto.** 

^ On f. 1 is written, " Liber Sanctn Maris de Bridelynton. Qui hvne 
** tUienayerit anathema sit*' 



TO TU£ £AItLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 347 

MS. Trin. ColL Dublin. 267. 5. (407.) A.D. 689. 

MS. Trim. Coll. DabUn. 312 (452.) 

MS. Trin. ColL Dublin. 313 (453.) 

MS. Trin. CoU. DubUn. 314 (454.) 

MS. Trin. Coll. DubUn. 849 (489.) 

MS. Hunter. Glaflgow. Q. 8. 160. veil. 4to. 

MS. Hunter. Glasgow. S. 5. 91. veil. 4to. 

MS. Dec. et Capit. Westaumast. 

MS. EccL Samm. (1008.) 

MS. Hengwrt 231. Tell. 4to. 

MS. Hengwrt 232. veil. 8yo. 

MS. StGwe, 42. 

* MS. Lord Cliye. 

MS. olim More £p. Norwic. 8 (9194.) 

MS. olim More £p. Norwic. 91 (9277.) 

MS. olim More Ep. Norwic. 289 (9475.) 

MS. olim More Ep. Norwic. 674 (9860.) tcU. 4to. 

MS. olim Sym. d'Ewes 170 (10030.) 

MS. olim Isaac! Yowii. 104 (2429.) 



* Prefixed to this copy the following lines occur : — 

** Strenua cunctorum delectant gesta proborum, 
In quibns armorum micat ars et laus animorum ; 
Prsecipue Britonum proprium sibi natio donnm, 
Nomen grandisonum meruit virtute baronum. 
Ocrea, lorica, juga dum rutilant per aprica, 
Agmina terrifica timet onmis gens inimica. 
Quanta cautela jaciat, quo fulgure tela ; 
Tota parentela Britonum fit crebra querela. 
Hostes oeperunt qui multa tributa dederunt, 
Reges Tioemnt, hiis undique regna ruemnt 
Proplia miranda, Britonum metris yeneranda, 
Mente recordanda sunt, quamyis non imitanda. 
Quse fortunatos yictores insuperatos, 
Moribus omatos, monstrant equites memoratos. 
Antiqni yates sparsim Britonum probitates, 
Regna, potestates refemnt, et nobilitates. 
Hie breyiter pluia sunt bella Britannica dnra, 
Delectatura leetorem, non nocitura. 
Aures pne&ta pascent, quia sunt breyiata $ 
Arte refrsenata placide satis examinata. 
Arma yiri fiu;ta sunt sub breyitate redacta, 
Hura sed intacta, non re sed mente coacta. 
Monte Minutensis Galfridus, acutus ut ensis, 
Transtulit intensis studiis hsec dulcia mensis. 
Frater Walensis Madocus Edeiryianensis 
Ek libris densis coUegit, yos refoyens his.'* 



348 DESCEIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF HAKUSCRIFTS BELATING 

A.D. 689. ^3* <)1^ Francisci Bemardi. 46 (3615.) 

MS. olim Henrici Langiey, Armig. 33 (6986.) fulio. 

MS. Regin. Christmas, Vatican. 315. 

MS. Begin. ChriBane, Vatican. 1578. 

MS. PetoY. in Vatican. 235. 

MS. FetaY. in Vatican. S92. 

MS. Petay. in Vatican. 315. 

MS. S. Petri Aldenborgensia. 

BIS. BIbL Villareniis in Brabantia. 

MS. Monait Bona Spei. 

MS. Onnob. Camberonenais in Hannonia. 

MS. Donensis. 

MS. S. Martini Tomaoenais. ?bis 

MS. ColL Bmgensia. 

*MS. Bibl. Prindp. de Schanmbarg Lippe, ap. BUckeburg. 

MS. Bibl. Monaat S. Germani, Paria. 768. 

MS. Coialiniana in Bibl. S. Germani, Paris. 302. 

MS. Monast Gemmeticensis. 20. 

MS. Bibl. S. Genevi^Te, Paris. O. 1. 4to. 

MS. Bibl. de la Ville de Dooai. 2 MSS. 4to. 

MS. Bibl. de la ViUe de Ronen. ITist 123. 

MS. BtU. Pub. Bruges. 447. 

Incip, PrcBfat. — ^^ Cum mecum multa de multis.'* 
Incip, Hist, — "Britannia insularum optima.*' 
ExpL Hist, — " in Latinum sermonem transferre curavi.'' 
This work has been frequentij printed ; it first appeared in 
the year 1606, and again in 1517. Commeline then published 
ity in his '^ Scriptores Yetustiores '* in 1687. The most 
recent Edition is that of Dr. Giles, in 1844. 

In 1718 it was translated into English by Aaron Thompson, 
who has written a defence of the author ; his object being 
to prove that Gcofirey was not the fabricator of the work, 
but only the Translator of it ; though he candidly admits 
that he has made certain additions to it. Dr. Giles reprinted 
Thompson's Translation in 1842 and again in 1848. 

Few historical works (if so fabulous a narrative is entitled to 
such an appellation) have had a wider circulation, than Geoffrey 
of Monmouth's "Gesta Regum Britannise.'* The alleged 
history of the origin of the work is seemingly a fabrication; 
but without entering into the question whether he did in reality 



♦ Sec Lappenberg's " England under the Anglo-Saxons,** v jI. i. prscf. 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 349 

translate* into Latin a narrative written in the British tongue, A.D. 689. 
it must be admitted that bis writings had a great, perhaps an 
inspiring, influence — not only upon the literature of bis own 
age, but upon tbat of succeeding centuries. He states tbat 
his friend, Walter Calcnius, Archdeacon of Oxford, brought 
with him into England, after a visit to Britanny, an 
ancient book in the Breton tongue, containing the history of 
this country " a Bruto, prime rege Britonum, usque ad Cad- 
" valadrum filium Cadvalonis," which he requested Geoffirey 
to translate into Latin, he being familiar with both languages. 
It is impossible to determine what the nature of the book was 
which he thus obtained from Walter Calenius, but it probably 
was nothing more than a mythical or legendary account of the 
heroes of the Bretons ;| this he interwove with such current 
traditions as he had heard from the Welsh ; and out of these 
materials he framed the romance, which he has dignified with 
the name of the ^* History of the British Kings." So. popular 
did this work become, that he obtained the title of Galfridus 
Arturus, on account of the halo with which he had surrounded 
the great fabulous, or, at least, semi-fabulous, hero, King 
Arthur : moreover, Wace, La^amon and others have made the 
'' Gesta Regum Britannise " the groundwork of their several 
productions. His work was soon translated into Anglo- 
Norman, into English, and even into Welsh; and each successive 
Continuator added such legendary lore as came within his 
knowledge, or such fictions as he drew from his own imagina- 
tion. Gradually Geoffrey's work became the great fountain 
of romance, out of which the poets of successive generations 
have drawn a fiood of fiction, that has left an indelible im- 
press upon our mediaeval literature. Indeed, it is hardly 
going beyond bounds to say that there is scarcely an European 
tale of chivalry, down to the sixteenth century, that is not 
derived, directly or indirectly, from Geofirey of Monmouth. 
If he had never written, our literature would not, in all 
probability, have been graced by the exquisite dramas of Lear 
and Cymbeline ; and much of the materials which he has 
woven into his work, would no doubt have perished. 

* That the whole, as it stands, is not a translation, appears from the 
&et that it embodies verbatim passages, which occur in the work of 
Gildas. Compare Geoff^y, Book vi. 3, with Gildas, cc. xi^.-xvl. 

fit has been alleged, also, that the Chronicle in question was nothing 
more than the Chronicle of Tyiilio, or at any rate its basis. 



350 DEBCBIFTIVE CATALOGUE OF KANUBGRIFTS BSLAHNQ 

A.D. 689. It does not appear that Greofflrej was acquainted with a single 
historical fact relative to transactions subsequent to Julius 
Csasar, which he did not derive from Gildas, Beda^ or Nennius. 
It is probable too that Entropius and Orosius were consulted : 
and possibly Suetonius may have been known to hinu These 
authorities, however, he distorts and amplifies without any 
scruple. 

Of the personal history of Greoffrey but very little is known. 
He was probably a native of Monmouth. Robert, Earl of 
Gloucester, the natural son of Henry the First, took him 
under his protection, and to him G^offirey dedicated the 
^Historia Britonum."* He was consecrated Bishop of St. 
Asaph in 1152, and died in, or about, the year 1154.f 

We are enabled to fix, with some certainty, the date at 
which he wrote his " History of the British Kings," or rather 
that edition of it which comprises the Seventh Book, for in the 
Prologue to it, Alexander, Bishop of Lincoln, one of his patrons, 
is spoken of as dead. As this prelate died in July 1147,^ 
and Earl Robert in the subsequent October, § we may approxi- 
mate very closely to the date at which the work assumed its 
present form. 

829. Brut y Brenhinoedd ; History of Britain from 
Brut to the death of Cadwalader. 

II MS. Coll. Jesu, Oxon. cxi. S. col. 81. Tell, folio, xy. cent 
MS. Ilengwrt 1 1. (The conclufiion iranting.) 

MS. Hengwrt. 36. veil. 4to. 
MS. Hengwrt 39. 8. (The beginning onlj.) 

* There is, however, a MS. of the 13th century in the Library at Bern 
(tee p. 344, aM<e), in which the dedication is to King Stephen, and not to 
Robert Earl of Gloucester ; or rather to both. The author, in his Prefiieev 
says, «-'* Opusculo meo, Stephane, Bex Anglie, faveas, ut si, te doctore, te 
** monitore, corrigatur, quod non ex Gaufridi fonticulo censeatnr extortom, 
'' sed sale Minemo tuas conditum . . . Tuque, Roberte, consul Clandi- 
" cestriiB, alta regni nostri columna, operam adhibeas tuam, ut utriusque 
« moderatione communicata, editio in medium producta et pulchiius elu* 
** cescat, &c.** 

t Le Keve Fasti, i. 64. Wharton <* de Episoopis Assav. p. 805." 

X Le Neve Fasti, ii. 8. 

§ Dugd. Baron, i. 535. 

II This is perhaps the earliest copy of GeofiVey of Monmouth's work in 
the Welsh language, although Archbishop Usher (Primord. c 3} mentions 
one in the Gottonian Library that formerly belonged to Humphrey Lhwyd 



TO THE EABLT HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 861 

• MS. Hengwrt 195* foUo. A.D. 689. 

MS. Hengwrt 228. Yell. 4to. 
MS. Hengwrt. 229. yell. 4to. 
* MS. Hengwrt. 330. veil. 4to. 
MS. Hengwrt 233. yell. 4to. 
MS. Hengwrt 253. 
MS. Mofityn Gloddeath. 4. 2. folio. 
MS. Moityn Gloddeath. 6. 1. folio, modem. 
Ma Mostyn Gloddeath, 10. 2. yelL 4ta 
MS. Mostyn Gloddeath. 11. veil. 4to. 
MS. Mostyn Gloddeath. 17. 2. 4to. imperfect. 
MS. Earl of Macclesfield at Sherbom Castle, 62. 2. 4to. 
MS. Earl of Macclesfield at Sherbom Castle, 95. 8yo. 

MS. Uanerch. 

This hiBtory ig alleged to have been written originally in 
the Brytanee, or old British, but modernized by Walter, 
Archdeacon of Oxford ; and, at his request, translated into 
Latin by Greofirey of Monmouth. 



830. Qualteri (Calenii), Oxoniensis Archidiaconi, His- 
toria Bruti Eegumque {Britannicorum ; Cambro-Bri- 
tannice. 

t MS. CoH. Jesn. Ozon. bd. 4to. paper, xy. cent. 
X MS. Downing, xyi. cent 

which was believed to be the original from which Geoffrey translated; and 
Thompson, in his Prefiice to his Translation of Geoffirey's History, writes, 
'< And I myself haye met with a manuscript history of onr British afiQiirs, 
'* writ above a hundred years ago by Mr. John Lewis, and shortly to be 
'* published; wherein the author says that he had the original of the British 
** History on parchment, written in the British tongue before Geoffrey's 
*' time; asheooncladea from this circumstance, that in this book Geoffrey's 

Pre&oe was wanting, and the Fre&ce to this book was the Second Chapter 

of that published by Geoffrey." 

It is not probable, however, that the MS. mentioned by Lhwyd, or that 
referred to by Lewis, can have been so old as the Latin text ; at least, after 
the most diligent search, no MS. in the Welsh language of the age thus 
suggested has been found. 

* Transcribed by John Jones of Gelli Cyvdy, near Caerwys. 

f With this inscription, ** Hsc est Historia quam Latine vertit et 
*' adaoxit Galfredus Monumetensis in Historia ejus Britonum.'* 

At the end of the MS. are these memoranda — ** In this booke is con- 
« tained seaven score leves juste — Liber Davidis Powell de Aberystwith, 
•* in Com. Monmotb, 1610.** 

X This MS. has the following Note, " Walter, Archdeacon of Oxford, 
<* translated this part of the Chronicle fVom Latin into Welsh, and Edward 
** KyflU copied it for John Trevor of Trevalun, Esq. A.D. 1577." 






352 DBSCBIPnVE CATALOGUE OF KANT7SCRIPTS RELATING 

A.D. 689. It is stated by Thompson, in his Preface, that *' Walter 
'^ Mapaous (alias Calenius, Archdeacon of Oxford), who first 
" discovered the book in Armorica and gave it to GeoSrej 
'' to translate, did himself translate it out of British into 
^* Latin, and in his latter days out of Latin into British again, 
*^ that is, I suppose, into more modem Welsh, that it might 
*^ be more generally understood ; and this Walter himself 
^* testifies at the conclusion of his book, which is still to be seen 
" in the Archives of Jesus College, Oxford. 

The first article above mentioned is probably the MS. to 
which Thompson alludes ; but had he seen it himself (instead 
of being content to cite Nicholson as his authority), he would 
have entertiuned a different opinion, as the Jesus College MS. 
is not more ancient than the XYth century. 



831. Qualteri, Archidiaconi Oxoniensis, Historia 
Britonum; Cambro-Britannice. 

MS. ColL JesQ, Ozon. xxviii. 4to. paper. xviL cent 

The following is added at the conclusion ; ^* Myfi Gwallter, 
** archiagon Rydychen a droes y Uyfr hwnu o gjrmraec yn 
'^ iladin. Ae yn vy henaint y trees i of yr ailwaith o ladin 
** ynghymraec." 

'* Llyma liwed koronigil y Britanniait." 

^^Hanc Gualteri, Archidiaconi Oxoniensis, Ilistoriam ex- 
<< scripsit Hugo Jones, Musei Ashmoleani Procustos, anno 
'* 1695, ad exemplar istius codicia cujus mcntionem fecimus 
" apud Camdenum, p. 603, editionis Gibsoniance. In prima 
** autem pagina easdem literas religiose servavit quibus dictus 
'^ codex exaratus est. E. Llwyd." 



832. Historia Britonum, sive Wallorum, a Troja capta et 
Brute, usque ad mortem Cadwalladeri Britannorum 
B.egis: lingua Normanno-Saxonica (in Anglicam tamen 
veterem vergente et quidem poetice scripta) per Lazo- 
monem (Layamon), sacerdotem Emleghe super Sabri- 
nam (Severn). Opus saiim,sicut in Frsefatione testatur, 
exscripait ex libro Anglico quem composuit Beda (forte 



TO THE EABLT HISTOBT OF GBEAT BBITAIN. 353 

inteUigit HiBtoriam Ecclesiasticam gentis Anglorum, a.D. 689. 
Saxonice versam ab i£lfredo Rege), ex libro Latino 
Albini et Augustini Arcbiep. Cantuar., et ex libro 
quern composuit clericus quidam nomine Wate (Waoe, 
de quo V. disputationem cl. De la Rue, in ArcheeoL T. 
XII. p. 50^) et ab eo Alienorse, Hen. II. Regis uxori^ 
oblato.* 

MS. Cott Calig. A. ix. rell. small quarto, dble cols. xiii. cent. 

Rvbr. — "Incipit Hystoria Brutonum." 

Incip, — *• An preost was on leoden. 
La^amon wes ihoten." 

Expl.^^^* iwuriSe pet iwufRe. 
iwur5e Godes wille. 
Amen." 

Printed in 1847 for the Society of Antiquaries of London, 
and edited by Sir Frederic Madden, K.H., Keeper of the 
MSS. in the British Museum. The text of this MS. will be 
found in the left column of the volume, collaterally Tdth that 
of MS. Otho (No. 833), in the right column. It is impossible 
to express too high commendation of Sir F. Madden's labours 
in this work, whether they be regarded in the light of being 
a most accurate and exact literal representation of the two 
MSS. he has printed, or as being replete with learned and 
lucid explanations of the difficulties which occur throughout 
the work. 

The sources whence the author (La^amon) derived his 
information arc mentioned by himself as being the English 
Book that St. Beda made; another, in Latin, made by St. Albin 
and the ^' fair " Austin, who brought baptism in hither ; and 
the third, a book made by a French clerk, who was named 
Wace, and who gave it to the noble Alienora, who was King 
Henry's Queen. These three he had procured in his travels in 
England. It would be difficult to improve upon Sir F. Madden's 
own language on this point: — '^The first of the authorities here 



* This yerbosc title is given in the Cottonian Catalogue, and has been 
retained here, because the work is generally known by that description, 
thongb the simpler title of* La^amon's Brut," as given by Sir F. Madden, 
is preferable. 

VOL. I. 2 



364 DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF UANU8CRIFTS EELATINO 

AJ>. 689. << mentioned is generally understood to be the Anglo-Saxon 
'^ translation of Bede's Ecclesiastical History, attributed to 
" Alfred ; but so far from making it form an integral portion 
" of his own poem, or eyen occupy a prominent place in it» he 
<< seems to have taken nothing from it, except the story of Pope 
^* Gregory, and the Anglo-Saxon captives at Rome. Indeed 
'* in several instances he is quite at variance with Bede, even 
*' when not translating from Wace. llie second work, 
*^ oscribed to St. Albin and Austin, is more difficult to 
^' identify ; nor is it easy to understand how St. Austin, who 
'* died in 604, and Albinus, abbot of St Austin's at Canter- 
'* bury, who died in 732, could be conjoined in the same 
^< work. The third authority named is the Anglo-Norman 
*' metrical Chronicle of the Brut, translated from the well 
" known * Historia Britonum ' of Geoffrey of Monmouth, by 
" Wace, which embraces the History of Britain, from the 
^' destruction of Troy, and subsequent arrival of Brutus, to 
^' the death of Cadwalader, in the year 689. This is the 
" work to which La^amon is mainly indebted, and upon which 
'^ his own is founded throughout, although he has exercised 
«< more than the usual licence of amplifying and adding to 
'* his original. The extent of such additions may be readily 
<^ understood from the fact, that Wace's Brut is comprised in 
" 15,300 lines, whilst the poem of the English versifier extends 
*^ to nearly 32,250, or more than double." 

The author seems likewise to have incorporated in his 
history many Welsh traditions, not to be found in either 
Geoffrey or Wace. 

The date of the composition of this poem is still a matter of 
conjecture ; Sir F. Madden, who has brought together all 
the results of criticism on the subject, and has carefully sifted 
and weighed them, is of opinion, founded upon very trustworthy 
evidence, that it was completed about the year 1204. 

Of the personal history of the author nothing is known, 
except the meagre information to be gleaned from his Preface. 
His name was La^amon, or Lawemon, and that of his father 
was Leovenath, or Leuca ; he was a priest, and resided at 
Emle^e, at a church on the banks of the Severn, near 
Radstone, where he " bock radde," or, in other words, read 
the accustomed services of the church. 

It is not necessary here to enter into any disquisition upon 
the style and metrical arrangement of the poem, or its dialect 



TO THE SARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 855 

and grazomatical stracture. The reader who desires informa- A.D. 689. 
tion on these branches of the subject is referred to Sir F. 
Madden's lucid and valuable remarks in his Preface, where it 
is shown to be of the highest importance in the study of 
English philology. 



833. Historia Britonum, a Brute ad iBthelstanum, 

veteri lingua Anglicana.* 

MS. Cott Otho. C. xiii YelL 4to. dble cols. xiii. centf 

Ineip,'^** der was i-hote creu." 

" . ing Priames his doh . . r." 

The first leaf of this MS. is now lost, but Wanley (p. 237) 
prints the Preface, which begins thus, ^'Incipit Prologus libri 
'^ Bruton.'' ^* A prest was in londe. Laweman was bote," as 
does also Sir Frederic Madden, who thus describes the re- 
maining part of the MS. '^The first leaf, containing the 
^' Preface and commencement of the poem, is, unfortunately, 
<' lost ; as also the folios 137, 138, 141, 145, 148, 160, and 
'< all after 151. § The first fifty leaves are much injured and 



* The title of this MS. is taken from Smith's Catalogae, p. 73. The MS. 
was one of those which suffered in the fire of 1731, and was supposed for a 
long time to have heen entirely destroyed. The fragments were collected 
together hy Mr. Forshall in 1827, and haye since been inlaid and bonnd, 
under the direction of Sir Frederic Madden; they now consist of 145 leaves, 
more or less perfect' 

t Wanley (Hickes, Ling. Sept Thes. ii. 237.) thns describes this MS. 
*< Cod. memb. in Quarto, circa tempora Henrici IIL, lingua Anglica veteri 
** conscriptus, in quo continetur Historia Britonum sive Wallorum, per 
** Lawamonem Sacerdotem. Codex iste, mea quidem opinione, superior!, 
'* cigus nota Caligula A. ix., f&cile locum cedit ; quod, utriusque Codicis 
'* Pneiktione collata, nullo labore cognoscat Lector. 

X Wanley states that one leaf is wanting at the end, *' Ad calcem libri 
" desideratnr foUum unum." 

J In the MS. Beport on the Cottonian Library made in 1703 (preserved 
in the British Museum), according to Sir F. Madden, it is entered as 
'* Codex membranaceus in 4to. constans foliis 154,'* and he adds, in a note, 
« In a manuscript schedule of the MSS. drawn up in 1718, by Dr. B. 
" Bentley, then Keeper of the Cottonian Library, this volume is said to 
<* contain 155 leaves, but no doubt a fly-leaf was included in this number, 
" as in other instances.*' 

Z 2 



S56 BESCRIPnYE CATALOGITE OF MAHX7SCRIPTS BELATING 

A.D. 68d. <^ contracted, but the manuscript then becomes tolerablj fair 
** to read, as far as fol. 110, where the injuries again com- 
'* mence, and increase so greatly, that large portions are often 
^' wanting, and at length mere fragments are left. Many of 
'^ the leaves are so contracted and blackened, that the only 
<' means of reading them was to hold the leaf up to the light 
'^ of a powerful lamp. From the tender state of the vellum, 
" many letters, and even words, have perished since the text 
" was printed." Sir Frederic afterwards continues, " As to 
the quantity lost, on a rough calculation, the poem when 
complete consisted of about 26,960 lines, of which about 
^* 2,370 are wholly lost, and about 1,000 more are in an 
" injured state." 

It is printed in the 2nd column of Sir Frederic Madden's 
edition previously referred to. See No. 832. 






834. A Translation of Geoffrey of Monmouth's History 
into old English by " Maister Gnaor." 

MS. ColL Arm. xxii. f. 8. yell, folio. xIt. cent. 

A short Prologue is prefixed ("God that nath no bygynnyng 
no never schal have endyng,") in which " Walter, archedene of 
" Ozenforde ** is said to have translated ** out of specb of 
« Brytonys into Latyn " the original work. The translation 
begins *' Bretayne ys the beste lond that me knowyth, and ys 
" yn the west of the ocean, bytwyne France that thennc 
" clepyd Galla, and Erlond." 

This Translation is much more extensive than the original 
work of Geofirey, and seems to abound in interpolations. The 
prophecies of Merlin are inserted in Latin (f. 44 b) because 
" I ne can noght hem wcl understonnde, for y nolde nothyng 
" saye but hyt soth were that y sayde." In the story of 
Arthur at Avalon, the Translator discloses his name (f. 74.) 
" ghut he ys there, as Bretons lyfeth and understondeth, as 
" they ghut understondeth and seggeth ghut fro thennes he 
" schal come, and he may lyfe Maister Gnaor that thus book 
** made, he nold no mor sigge of ghende thenne the prophet 
" Merlyn seyght," 

The copy being imperfect and ending abruptly, a former 
possessor has supplied three paper leaves, and on the second 



I 



TO THE EAKLY HISTORY OF GEEAT BBITAIN. 357 

has written this Note, '^ For as much as the end of this boke A.D. 689. 
is imperfect, and having an auncient originale written in 
Lattine by Geoflferaj of Monmouth * De Gestis Britonum ' 
(out of which this semeth to bo translated), I did examyne 
them togcather, and fyndinge that they both vouch one 
** authore, that is, Walter, Archdecon of Oxford, and also 
" observe on course from Brute unto Cadwaller, therefore I 
** have thought it good to make this addition out of the sayd 
" Gefferay of Monmouth. Joseph Holand, 1588."* 



<c 



835. Geoffrey of Monmouth, Chronicles in English. 

MS. Hunter. GUutgow, S. 4. 56. veil, and paper. 4to. 



836. Brutus : Foema sic inscriptum. 

MS. CoU. Yespas. A. z. ft 44 b-51. velL long Syo. zii. cent 

Bubr, — " Incipit Bjrutus." 

Incip, — ** Consuluit mea Clio mihi dare semen arenae, 
Deque labore meo steriles nascuntur avenie." 

ExpL^^^ Requiesce parum, sitque remissa melis.'^ 

Colophon, — ^' Explicit Brutus." 

The poem contains about 650 lines ; it is a metrical version 
of Geoffirey of Monmouth, and is dedicated to Hugh [Fudsey], 
bishop of Durham (A.D. 1153-1197). This MS. once belonged 
to Dr. John Dee. 



837. " Fart of a Foem in veiy old French, the subject is 
the History of Great Britain ; but the style and way 
of writing is romantic* It appears to be grounded on 
Geoffrey of Monmouth, and might have been com^ 
posed some time after the publication of his Chronicle 
for the diversion of our English Nobility, who then 
understood the French language very well.'' 

MS. Harl. 1605. ff. 1-43. velL 4to. zia cent. 

Inetp. — " Li mur par vire forze furent agraventez." 
£xpL — ** Cheval et palefres lor livre il abandon." 

* See the Cfttalogae privately printed by 6ir Charles Young, 18S9» p: 82. 



358 DESCBIPTIVS CATALOGUE OF MAKUSCfilPTS RELATING 

AS). 689. This MS. consists of detached fragments of a metrical trans- 
lation of Geofirej of Monmouth ; bat seemingly with occasional 
additions. The MS., in the present sequence of the folios, 
is in complete confusion. The first fragment begins at f. 3, 
and continues to f. 18 ; the next occurs at f. 19 to f. 26 ; 
then should follow f. 35 to f . 42 ; then f. 1 and 2 ; then f. 27 
to f. 34. The translation is divided into sections, some 
shorter some longer, each section ending with the same 
rhyme. The whole contains about 1,680 lines. 



838. Galfridi Monumetensis Historia Britonum, Gallice. 

MS. I^uisdowne. 214. ff. 83-191. paper, folio, xy. cent. 
MS. BibL Ducom BargundiB. BruxelL 10415. xy. cent 

Ruhr. — '* Chi oommenche la Prologue du Livre des Bois de 
'' Bretaigne, que maintenant on apelle Engleter^ oommenchant 
" a Brutus." 
Ineip. ProL — "Pour ce que le recort" 
Inc^, Hi$L — '< Bretaigne, la tres bonne isle." 
ExpL iTtft— ^* par ceste maniere ay mis en latin." 
This is a translation of GreofErey of Monmouth, made, as 
appears from a Note at the end, at tilie instance of the Ck>unt 
of Chimay^ by one Wauhlin, a citizen of Mons, in Hainault, 
in the year 1445. It seoms to agree in all respects with the 
original Latin work. 



839. Galfridi Monumetensis de Eegibus Britomum, 

Galiice. 

MS. Begin. ChxistincD. Yaticali. 740. 



840. Episfcola Magistri Galfiridi MonumetenBis, directa 
Alexandre, Lincolnensi Episcopo, de PropheciiB MerlinL 

Indp, — '* Coegit me, Alexander, Lincolnensis Pi*8bsu1, nobili- 
'' tatis tuffi dilectio prophedas Merlini de Britannico in 
*' Latinum transferre • . ." 

EgspL-^" . . . et sonitum intra sidera conficient" 



TO THE EABLT HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 359 

While Geofirej was engaged in preparing his greater work, A.D. 689. 
he was prevailed upon by his patron,. Alexander, Bishop of 
Lincoln, to supply him with a Latin version of the Prophecies 
of Merlin. These he subsequentlj incorporated into his History, 
of which they form the Seventh Book. Many copies, however, 
occur in a separate form. They have been several times 
printed; at Frankfort, in 8vo. 1603, and again in 1608 ; and by 
the Roxburgh club, 4to. Lend. 1830. A French version was 
also published by Michel, 8vo., Paris, 1837. 

These Prophecies are not of sufficient importance to warrant 
the mention of all the MSS. in which they occur, in the 
separate form above mentioned. Some few, however, may be 
noticed, — 

MS. AnindeL Brit Mus. 292. f. 61 b. veil. 4to. xil cent. 

MS. Bodl. Digby. 28. ff. 159-166. yell. Syo. xiv. cent 

MS. BodL Digby. 98. fP. 72-74. paper 4to. xy. cent 

MS. BodL 91. ff. 95-102 b. velL Sva zill cent 

MS. Bibl. Pub. Cant Dd. xiy. 2. 

MS. Bibl Pub. Cant Ft 1. 27. 27. 

MS. BibU Pub. Cant Qg. yI. 42. 2. t 213-221. 

MS. Dom. Petri. Cant 1. 8. 1. yelL folio, dble coL xy. cent 

MS. BibL da Boi 6237. 4. dim Colbert YeU. xiii. cent 

MS. BibL da Roi. 6274. 2. veil. 8yo. xiiL cent 

MS. BibL da RoL 3522 a. 3. oUm Colbert ycIL xIy. cent 

MS. GkneYieYC O. L. 1. 4to. velL xiii. cent 



841. Vita Merlin! per Galfiidum Monumetensem, ad 
Robertum Episcopum Lincolniensem, versibus heza- 
metris. 

MS. Cott Yespaa. E. iy. ff. 112 b-138 b. velL 4to. xiii. cent 
MS. Cott Titos. A. xix. ft 63-73. paper 4to. xy. cent 

Incip. — " Fata dici vatis rabiem masamque jocosam.'' 
Expl.^^*' Quas nunc gesta vocant Britonum celebrata per 
. ** orbem." 



842* *' Chronica Britonum, Saxonum, et Normannorum, 

a Brute ad R. Henricum II.'' 

MS. Cott Titas. D. xlL ff. 3-22. velL 8yo. xiii cent 



360 DESCRitrnyjS catalogue of makusceipts rslatimg 

A.D. 689. Incip. — " iEneas cum Ascanio filio fugiensy excidium urbis." 
Expl. — "Die autem xij Kalendas Mail, migravit ad Do- 

" minum, anno ab Incamationo Domini sezcentesimo oeto- 

" gesimo nono." 

An abridgment of Geoffrey of Monmouth. The title, as 

given in the Cottonian Catalogue is incorrect^ for it confounds 

two distinct works. 



843. Suooessio Begum. 

MS. Bibl Pab. Cant Ff. 1. 27. Tell. xiii. cent 

A list of British kings^ from ^neas to Cadwalladrus. 
To most of the names are subjoined brief Notes, written in 
a minute hand of the same period. 



844. Genealogia Begum BritanniaB, ab ^nea ad Gadwal- 

laderum. 

MS. Ecd. Dunelm. B. ii. 35. 7. veil. xii. cent 
Apparontlj borrowed from Geofirej of Monmouth. 



845. Vita S. Sexburgse Beginse. 

MS. Gott Calig. A. viiL fP. 104-116 b. yelL 4to. zil cent 

Ruhr, — *' Incipit FrooBmium in Vita Beats Sexburgae 
*♦ Begin®." 

Incip, I^ocemium, — *' Plerique secularis scientise." 

Incip, Vita, — '< Insignis Christi sponsa et pretiosa Domini 
*' Virago, Sexburga, parentibus in sssculo splendidissimis 
" procreata." 

ExpL Vita. — ** mundi Bedemptorem et Dominum, qui cum 
^< Patre et Spiritu Sancto yivit et regnat, gloriatur Deus ei 
*^ imperat, per omnia saecula sseculorum. Amen." 

The Author proposes to give a revised edition of the Life of 
Bcxburga, partly from Saxon authorities, partly from trust- 
worthy testimony, and partly from original information ; aud 
all this he will do for the Glory of God. 



TO THE EARLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 361 

Sexburga was daughter of Anna, King of East Anglia, and A.I).? 
wife of Earconberty King of Kent. She founded a monastery 
in Sheppej, a description of which island is given. The 
storj of Lothaire playing at ball is related, and Sexburga's 
exemplary conduct described ; as also her vision of the future 
calamities of England, which was fulfilled by the invasion 
of Hinguar and Hubba. Committing the care of her monastery 
to Ermenilda, she went to her sister Etheldritha, at Ely, whom 
she succeeded, and where she died and was buried. The 
exact date of her death is uncertain ; it occurred on July 6, 
certainly after 679. She was succeeded by Ermenilda. 

There seems very little worthy of credit in this biography, 
beyond the scanty notices from Beda (Hist. Eccl. iii. 8. iv. 9.) 
and from a Saxon fragment (MS. Lambeth 427. See No. 848). 
The style is verbose, with an affectation of learning, and is 
not unlike that of Goscelin. This Life was probably the source 
of the abridgment in Capgrave's ''Nova Legenda Anglise," 
though he takes no notice of her foundation in Sheppey. 

Sexburga's Life, with those of her sisters Etheldritha, 
Ethelburga, and Wihtburga, occurs in MS. Lansdowne 436, 
nearly as in Beda or Malmesbury ; the writer declining, how- 
ever, to enlarge upon their miracles. 



846. Lectiones in Festivitate S. Sexburgse. 

Ibid. £ 89 b-91 b. 

/ncip.— '' Regum proles et regum parens." 

ExpL — ''possidere cum Christo regna coelestia, Ipso largiente, 
'* qui cum Fatre et Spiritu Sancto regnat in aeterna ssecula." 

These Lections, which are eight in number, consist of brief 
notices of Sexburga, apparently abridged from the Life last 
mentioned, No. 845. 



847. De S. Sexburga, Regina et Abbatissa. 

MS. Cott Tiber. R 1. C 204b.205. 
MS. Bodl. Tanner 15. veil, folio, zy. cent 

Incip. — ** Sancta Sexburga vera Tmperatrix.'* 
ExpL — '^sepulturam meruit. Floruit autem circa annum 
** Domini sexcentesimum quadragesimum;" 



362 DESCRIPTIVE CATAUOQVE OF MANUSCBIPTS RELATING 

A.I>.? For a description of these MSS. See Nob. 35 and 38. 

The text is Uie same as that printed in Capgrave's ** Nova 
" Legenda^" and thence in the ''Acta Sanctorum/' IL 349 
(6 July). 



848. Vita S. Sexburgse, Sazonice. 

MS. Lambeth 4S7. yell. 4to. zL cent. 
A Saxon fragment. Wanley (Hickes* Thesaurus, ii. 269) 
thus describes it, '* Fragmentum quoddam Saxonicum, duobus 
*' tantum foliis constans, ac Sancto Edwardo Confessore 
'' rognante, ut videtur, exaratum ; in quo tractatur de SS. 
'' foeminis Eadburga, Seaxburga, Atheldrjtha, Wihtburga, 
« Eormenhilda> Werburga, &c. lectu non indignum.'' 



849. Excerpta e Vita S. Sexburgae. 

MS. Cott Claud. A Tiii. f. 126 b. paper. 4to. XTiL cent 

A few short excerpts, of no yalae whatever. 



AP. 690. A.D. 690. 

850. De Adventu Beati Theodori, Archiepiscopi, in 

Angliam. 

MS. Cott. Yespas. B. xz. ft 22S-232. veil. 4ta zii. cent 
MS. Harl. 105. ft 218b.-227b. veil. smaU folio, zii. eent 

Incip. — ^' Anno ab Incamatione Domini sexcentesimo sex* 
** agesimo quarto." 

ExpL — " Celebremus, fVatres, mente, per almi patris hujus 
^' Isetissima Theodori solennia, qui dum yixit terrigena, rerus 
*^ fuit Deicola, sacerdotali infula prsepoUens in hierarchia. 
" Tunc Deo laus et gloria, per omnia sseculorum ss&coUu 
«* Amen." 

This is a work of Goscelin, and is derived from Beda*s 
"Historia Ecclesiastica." Mabillon (Acta Sanctor. Ord. 
Benedict, ii. 986) prints Beda's narrative, and does not seem 
to have been aware of Goscelin's work* The Editors of the 



TO THE EARLY HISTOBY OF GBEAT BBITAIN. 363 

<* Acta ' Sanctorum," vi. 55 (19 Sept.), also print Beda's AJ>. 690. 
account) together with a long Commentary. 

Theodore was consecrated Archbishop of Canterbury, at 
Rome, on the 26th of March, 668, and left that city about two 
months afterwards ; he spent some time at Marseilles, Aries, 
and Paris (with Agilberti formerly Bishop of Dorchester) on 
his way to Britain. He died 19 Sept., 690. 



861. De S. Theodore, Archiepiscopo, Lectiones Septem, 

cum parte Lectionis Octavse. 

MS. HarL 652. p. 216. veil, folio, dble ools. xiL cent 

Incip,^-** Beatissimus Adrianus Abbas." 

JSjrp^.— *^Ipse jamdudum di?ina revelatione " 



852. Vita S. Theodori, Gantuariensis Archiepiscopi, 

Carmine Elegiaco. 

MS. Lambeth. 159, if. 227-228. paper, fblio. zy. cent 

Ineip. — '^ Mittitur Anglorum gentique Theodorus iste. *' 
Exph — *' Donee Sol oriens yiseret banc Dominus. Amen." 



853. De Sancto Theodoroy Archiepiscopo et Confessore. 

M& Cott. Tiber. E. L £ 241. 
MS. Bodl. Tanner. 19. TelL folia xy. cent. 

Incip. — ^^^Anno Domini sexcentesimo sezagesimo quarto, 
" mortuo Archiepiscopo Deusdedit." 

JExpL — '' fragrantia ut redolere solent aromata.^ 

For an account of these MSS. see Nos. 85 and 38. 

This is the same text as that printed in Capgrave's ^'Noya 
** Legenda.** It is an abridgment of the Life by Goscelin* 



364 DEBeBlPTIYE CATALOGUE OF KAMX7SCRIPTS RELATING 
A.D.G90. A.D. 690. 

854. Vita S. TiUonis Fauli, Monachi in Gallia. 

Jneip. Prcef. — ** Igitar cum gentiles poetae." 
ExpL Prof, — ** vilescimt omnia quae ccmuniur in terris." 
Incip. FiAi.— -^Fuit vir vitie venerabilis." 
ExpL Ffto.— '^peruncti illic a diversis sananlur infirmita- 
" tibnsy praestante Domino no8tro Jesu ChriBto, cni est omnia 
** honor, gloria, et imperinm in sascula saeculorum. Amen.*^ 

Printed in the "Acta Sanctorum," i. 376(7 Jan.), "Ex 
'< Claromarescani Cisterciensium in Artesia Monasterii MS." 
St Tilio (or Theau) was a Saxon by birth, but sold as a slave 
in Gaul, where he spent the renuunder of his life. The Life 
contains veiy little that bears reference to the early history 
of this country. 



855. Vita S. Tellionis, Monachi Sollemniacensb in 

Lemoyicibns, ad An. circa 690. 

Incip. — " Beatus Tillo, ex Saxonum prosapia originem 
" ducens." 

ExpL"^^^ ab obsessis corporibus expelluntur, prasstante 
*' Domino nostro» cui cum Patre et Spiritu Sancto est laus, 
" honor, et gloria^ et imperium in saecula saeculorum. Amen." 

Mabillon, who prints this life (Acta Sanct. Ord. Bened. ii., 
954) from the Lectionary of Solesmes, considers it superior 
in authority to that which had been given in the "Acta 
" Sanctorum." 



AD. 690. A.D. 690* 

856. Annales Lindis&menses et Caniuarienses ab An. 

618 ad An. 690. 

MS. BibL da Boi. 986. 

The chief value of this little piece is its chronological in- 
formation ; it records the obits of Ethelbert, king of Kent, and 
of Ecgbert, Hlothere, and Edric, Aidan, Finan, and Colman, 
bishops of Lindisfarne, besides some others. 



TO THE EAKLY HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN. 365 

A.D. 696. A.D. 69$. 

857. De SS. Hewaldo, Nigro et Albo, Martyribus. 

MS. Cott. Tiber. E. i. ff. 247b-248. 

MS. BodL Tanner. 15. Tell, folio, xy. cent. 

MS. BodL Land Misc. 163 (1561). ff. 109-110. yell, folio, xiv. cent 

Incip, — " Cum autem Willebropdus.** 

JExpL — ^* 8ui dona perfundit." 

This is the same text as that printed by Capgrave. 

The two Hewalds, one called the '^ dark " and the other the 
*' fair,** were English priests who had retired into Ireland. 
At a later period they accompanied Wilbrord into Frisia, 
where they suiTered martyrdom. 



A.D. 697. A.D. 697. 

858. De S. Molingo, sive Dayrgello, Episcopo Femensi 

in Hibemia. 

Incip, — " Yencrabilis Prsesul ac Propheta Dei, Dayrgellus." 

ExpL — '^ Et ad locum meum rerertar." 

Printed in the '^Acta Sanctorum/' iii. 406 (17 June) ; the 
Editors of which had also another Life of this Saint communi- 
cated to them by Henry Fitz-Simon ; possibly, it was that 
mentioned by Sir James Ware, *^ De Script Hibemiae," begin- 
ning, ^^De Australi Lageniensium plaga, quse dicitur Ken- 
" selach." 

St. Molingus, alias Dairchilla, was bom in the territory of 
Kensellagh ; he became a monk at Glendaloch, and was after- 
wards Abbot of Aghacainid or Teghmoling. He was the 
second Bishop of Ferns, in Leinster, and died 17 June, A.D. 
697, and was buried in the Monastery of Teghmoling. 



A.D. 698. 
868 a. Vita S. EadbyrhtL A.D. 698. 

MS. C. C. C. Cant 196. yeU. Sto. xi. cent 

MS. Cott. JaliuB. A. X. £93 b.-94b. tcIL Syo. xi. cent. 

Incip. — "On )H>neylcan daeg hyfS Sde Eadbyrhtes gepytennys 

** ]Kes arpeor]>an fadder se pees Bisceop on Brytene mtt Sde 

'^ CuSberhte on ftaa halgan mynstre t$e ys nenmed Lyndes- 

" fcrene ea.** 

This Life seems to be wholly taken from Beda ; but there 
are many verbal differences between the two MSS. 



866 BESGBIPmnB CXTAWaUE of XAlOTBCfRlPTB BELATlKa 

A.D. 700. A.D. 700. 

859. Vita S. MochusB, sive Cuani, Abbatis Ls^sieDsis 

in Hibemia. 

MS. Bodl. Ravi. B. 505. pp. 8-11. yell, folio, dble coU. zri. cent 
MS. BodL Bawl. B. 485. £ 185. veil. 4to ziv. cent 

Ruhr. — ^* Incipit Vita Sancti Moohase Abbatis, in Kalendas 
« Aprilis.- 

Ineip. — ^* ClaruB genere vir erat nomine Moehna^ filius 
" Lovani." 

ExpL — " feliciier quierit, prasstante Domino nostro Jesa 
" Christo, cui lans est et imperiam per infinita sscula. 
" Amen." 

Colophon, — *' Explicit Vita Sanctissimi Mocbus, cujus 
^* meritis deleatur culpa scriptoris." 

Printed in the " Acta Sanctorum," i. 45 (1 Jan.). 

St. Mochua or Moncain, otherwise called Cluanus, after 
haying seryed his prince as a warrior, became a Monk. He 
died at Dajrinis on the Ist of January in the sixth centurj. 
There is abo another St. Mochua, otherwise called Cronany 
who is celebrated on the same day (1 Jan.) 



A.D. 700. AD. 700. 

860. Sermo Beati Bed®, Saoerdotis et Confessoris, in 
Natale Sancti Benedicti Abbatis, qui fiiit constractor 
Monsfiterii Sancti Petri, principis Apostolomm, quod 
dicitur "aet Wyremupe," in regione Nordiamhum- 
brorum. 

MS. Harl. 3020. f. 1. yelL 8yo. x. cent. 

Incip. — ^' In illo tempore dixit Petrus ad Jesum ; — ^Ecce nos 
*^ reliquimus omnia et secuti sumus te, et reliqua. Audiens a 
'^ Domino Petrus quia diyes." 

ExpL — ^^ possidere mereamur aetemam ; praestante gratia 
" Redemptoris nostri, qui yiyit et regnat cum Patre, in unitate 
'^ Spiritus Sanctii Deus per omnia ss^ula saeculorum. Amen." 



i 



TO THE EABLY HISTORY OF OBEAT BRTTAIK. 367 

Printed from the Harl. MS. above mentioned, in the Minor A.D. 700. 
Historical Works of Beda (8yo Lend. 1841, p. 335), also 
among Beda's works, vii. 462. Edit. Basle. The editor of the 
^' Acta Sanctorum," i. 743 (12 Jan.), had not seen Beda's Life 
of Benedict, he therefore prints the Life ''ex HomeliaVen. 
'' Bedse," with excerpts from Malmesbury and Matt. Paris. 
This discourse is a general commendation of Benedict Biscop for 
his unwearied industry. It is seemingly a sermon upon his 
Nativity, pronounced by Beda in the Monastery of Wearmouth 
(or Jarrow) upon the day of his commemoration. He praises 
him '' for never returning from abroad empty-handed, but 
" always bringing with him a large supply ; at one time of 
'' holy books, at another relics of the blessed Martyrs of 
'' Christ ; as also, for introducing, on one occasion, architects 
'' for the building of the church ; on another, glass-manufac- 
turers, for the ornament and security of its vrindows ; on a 
third, instructors for teaching singing and the services of the 
'* church : at one time, too, he imported paintings of the holy 
" histories, which should serve, not only for the decoration of 
" the church, but for the instruction of beholders ; so that those 
'' persons who could not learn from books what had been done 
" by the Saviour, might be thus far instructed by the repre- 
'' sentations placed around them." Benedict died on the 12th 
January, but the year is uncertain. Some place it in 690, 
others in 700, and others as late as 703 ; but the former date 
is probably the correct one. 






861. Vita Sancti Benedicti Abbatis, eognomento ''Biscop," 

auctore Beda. 

MS. BodL Digby. 112. fP. 40-47. veil. 4to. zii. cent 

Ruhr, — '^ Incipit Vita Sancti Benedicti Abbatis, eognomento 
'^ Biscop, quffi est ii. Idus Januarii." 

Ineip. — " Religiosus Christi famulus Biscopus, eognomento 
" Benedictus." 

Expl, — '< ad laudem Domini nostri Jesu Christi, cui est cum 
*' Deo Patre, in Unitate Spiritus Sancti, honor et gloria, in 
'' saecula saeculorum. Amen." 



368 BESCRIPTIYE CATALOGUE OF XANUSCBIPTB RELATZNG 

A.D. 700. The Life of St. Benedict Bisoop is also embodied in the 
History of the Abbots of Weannouth and Jarrow, mentioned 
hereafter, tuh anno 716. See No. 940. 



862. Vita S. Benedict! Abbatis, Saxonice. 

MS. Cott. Jul. A. X. ff. 49-49 b. rell. 8yo. zL cent. 
MS. CC.C. Cant. 196. (olim D. 5.) veil. 8vo. xL cent 

Incip, — " On tpelftan dsg J^as montSes bitS See Benedietea 
<' tid, ]Me8 halgan Abbodes, se pss Angelcjnnes man." 

ExpL — *^ upplican puldre." 

This Life is apparently the production of ^Ifric. It is very 
brief, and is derived fVom Beda's narrative. The Cambridge 
MS. is one of those presented to the Church of Exeter by 
Bishop Leofric 



863. De S. Benedicto Abbate, oognomento Bisoop. 

MS. Cott Tiber. E. 1. f. 241 b. 
MS. Bodl. Tanner 15. velL fblio. xt. cent 

Incip, — ''Anno gratias septingentesimo terlio, Sanctus Bene- 
« dictns." 

Expl, — " laudabiliter adimplevit.** 

Printed in Capgrave's " Nova Legenda Augliae.** 

For a description of these MSS. see Nos. 35 and 38. 



864. Vita Beatae Ermenildse, Reginae Mercian et Abbatissie 

Eliensis. 

MS. Cott Calig. A. yiii. ff. 91 b>94. yell. 4to. xii. cent 

MS. C.C.C. Cant 393. yell, small 4to. xii. cent 

MS. CoU. Trin. Cant Gale 0. 2. 1. 7. 

/2ti6r.— " Incipit Vita Beatse Ermenilds." 

Incip. — ''De beata et Deo digna Ermenilda eadem fere 
" recensemus." 

Expl,-^** largiente ipso Domino, Salvatore nostro, qui om- 
" nium steculorum dominatur, cum Deo Patre et Spirit u 
" Sancto. Amen." 

Colophon. — " Explicit de Sancta Eimenilda." 



TO THE EARLY HIST0B7 OF GREAT BRITAIN. 369 

This Life lias been abridged bj Capgrave, and his abstract A.D. 700. 
has been printed in the "Acta Sanctorum,'' ii. 686 (13 Feb.), 
with a collation of his text with MS. '' Rubes Yallis." 

Ermenilda was the daughter of Ercombert, King of Kent, 
and Sexburga of East Anglia ; she became the wife of Wulfere, 
King of Mercia, and was in